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and my felf-accufation. For my own character fuffered fo little upon this ceport, I am refigned; and I feel no- casion, that the lord lieutenant give thing in consequence of my approach- him, with his life, a place of féven hunng tate, but tiom what I am fenfible died pounds a year; while the merchant, in miserable friends must (utier on who had been accused from resembling my account.'

him excessively, dying some time afte. Here Mr. Leeson 'ended, and the without issue, left hím bis whole fortune, whole court was lost in approbation and as a reward for fo exemplary an act of teis. He was, however, condemned, justice and generosity. but pandoned the same day; and his

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S the managers of our theatres are, ment; and who surely should, froin mo.

I am fatistied, gentlemen of too tives of interest, it not from principles much underitan:ling to be offended with of gratitude, frize every opportunity of any holy for pointing out such casual adding to our satisfaction. inproprieties as, in the great multipli- What kind of corporeal qualities may city of their bulinels, may poslihly escape go to the composition of a fiddler, I neitheir own oblervation, I shall employ ther knovi, nor am I very folicitous of the prelent paper in acquainting them being informed. I cannot, however, with a c'rcu nitance or two which may help thinking but thev might fit as be istered much to the satisfaction of the quietly in their seats as their paymalters puslic, without exposing themselves to the public. During the course of an the finalteit inconvenience, or the mie evening's entertainment, not one in a puteat expence.

hundred of the auditors find it necesarv As I am very fond of a play, and ge- to go out. Why, therefore, the whole nerally take iny station in the pit, I am band of music Mould have occafion to frequently offended at the conitant in- interrupt us regularly every half hour, is terruptions which the performance meets somewhat extraordinary. A little comwih from the restless dispositions of the mon fense cannot surely prejudice the muficians, who, the moment an act is nicety of their ears, or the expertness of hegun, always get up, ttare about, per- their fingers; and if not, what excule kaps, with an idie gape of stupidity, can they possibly assign for a behaviour and then withdraw, though conscious fo generally disagreeable to the town, thatheir presence is indifpenfably requi- and fo palpably below the practice of fite in half an hour at the fartheit. any men who pretended in the leatt either When the prompier touches his bell to- to inanners or to modesty? wards the close of the act, the audience It is a circumitance mentioned highis again disturbed by their entrance; and ly to the honour of the late Prince of this entrance is made with so little ci'l- Wales, his majetty's father, that having tion, that the actors are absolutely im- by some unavoidable accident outstaid peted in the prosecution of their parts, his time one evening when he had com. and the attention of the spectators very manded a play, he was no sooner infrequently called from the most interest- formed that the audience had been obing pallages of the play. Sometimes, liged to wait in consequence of his de. thefe contiderate gentlemen will even lay, than he pulled out his watch in the tune their various inftrunients while the full face of the house, as if he had rep:rformer is actually speaking; and I cognized his error, and bowed with fuch have more than once heard Lear ex- an acknowledgment of gracious condeclaiming againit the unnatural hags his fcenfion, as rendered himn inconceivably daughters so the disjointed squeak of a amiable from his little mistake. With haurhoy, the impertinent Mharp of a fid- all possible deference to the gentlemen die, or the drowsy hun of a basoon. of the catgut, and the professors of the In ev ry play we are sure of being din pipe, I think the Prince of Wales a Auberi ten times by the very people peitonage of as much consequence as who are paid to encrease our entertain. the belt of them; and therefore, if an

apology nipology was amiable in him for detain- entirely a public entertainment; and ing an audience some minutes from a whether they can properly dispose of favourite entertainment, it must be those places to any particular indivi. thought a little presumptuous in them duals, which are equally appointed for to be perpetually disturbing it. It is the indifferent reception of all: Cuitum not, however, the members of the band has fur a long time authorized the lecto whom I address myself, it is to their ting of places in the boxes; but cultoin immediate inafters; and I fatter myself, has never authorized an addition to the after what I have here faid, I shall have regular price~Why, therefore, the fitbut little occasion to expatiate on the quenters of the pit should be excluded fubje&t for the future, as the managers frem their usual seats without the payhave good-fense, and the public have ment of two fillings extraordinary, is a recollection.

circumftance which surprises me much. The next abuse which I think wants What have the pit part of the audience reformation in our theatres, is the prac. done that they should be singled out to tice which some of the capital performers bear the imposition of some arrogant fahave of raising the price of the pit at vourite, whom they themselves have their benefits. This, of all the acts of prohibiy raised into reputation. If ad presumption which I ever remember in addition muit be made to the price of the profefiors of the Itage, is by much tickets on benefit nighes, let the tax hethe most glaring and unpardonable; and come general; let the boxes and the galif it should be tolerated but a few seasons leries come in for their portion of the longer, there is no knowing to what burden, and let not the people of the lengths the temerity may be carried. I pit be the only persons deltined to bear am far from being an enemy to the the scourge of theatrical avarice and ie. drama; on the contrary, with parti merity. If an actor's friends want to cularly well to the actors; and am never put a sum of money in his pocket, let better pleased than when I see their me- them give double or treble the value for rits properly rewarded by the munifi. their own tickets; but let not the indif. cence of the public. But I think there ferent part of the public he obliged to is none of our performers who ought pay for friendships in which they have not to be very thankful for a clear bene- no manner of connection. The build. fit of two hundred pounds. This either ings which formeriy disgraced the stage of the theatres will afford them at the on benefit nights have been judiciculi cominon prices; and one should surely removed by the good sense of the man imagine that they ought to tertify their nagers; it is therefore to be hoped, that acknowleigments for the annual com, they will thew as much readwels i pany of their friends, rather than make the suppression of a palpable injustice as wife of that very efteem which the town in the suppression of a mere inconvenientertains for thein to load it with an ence; and that they will not suffer their additional charge. What they may think performers to take a liberty with ihe of the affair, I know not; but of this I public which they dare not take thanam fully perfuaded, that the man who ielves, would not think hiinself highly obliged The last thing which I fhall recom. by a clear benefit of two hundred mend to the managers is, to conivit the pounds, never deserves to have a bene- propriety of places, and to pay a little fit at all.

attention to the rank of their charaiders. Let us, however, examine a little into What butinefs has a party of the Engthe general excuie which the gentlemen lith toot-guards to aitend upon a Pere of the theatres think proper to urge in fian emperor! Or is it a realon that extenuation of this extraordinary beha- prince thousi not be habiteallike a prince, viour. Whenever they are reprehended because the actor who appears in the on this account, their conttant plea is, chara&ter has but thirty fillings a weck? that they raise their price in order 10. It is inconceivable how these lidtle things oblige their friends; and that as nobody affect an accurate observer ! Who can is forced to come, nobody can complain bear to see the Duke of Cornwall's gen. of an injury. This excuse scarcely me- tleman die lud better than the Duke of sits a reply; yet let me ask the people Cornwall himself? or endure with pa. who urge it, whether the theatre is not tience to see ihe persons of one single fainly drelt in the manner of half a dozen Lane or Covent Garden fare us conditterent countries? The probability of tinually in the face, when we want to the fi&tion becoines destroyed by means be in Spain or in France, in Italy or of these flovenly inattentions; and Drury Myria.



bred smartness were continually spurted

at me; and fo far from gaining any little THERE is a set of good-natured credit from the preservation of my for T

people in the world who, fo farmer affability, that very affability was from rejoicing at the prosperity of their alcribed to lonje motives of affectation, neighbours, are continually mortified and only served to plunge me in addiwhenever they fee others growing up tional contempt. happily into life, and encreasing in their Wearied out with the malevolent recircumitances either by ibe force of their fections of the town, I determined at own induttry, or some unexpected turn lait to retire into Nottinghamshire, where of good fortune.

ny property principally lay, in hopes You must know, Mr. Babler, that I that a new set of acquaintance would was lately a thopkeeper in the Strand, treat me in a very different manner; and and, though I lay it myself, was as pains that, to long as I behaved like a gentletaking a young fellow as molt are. Be, man, I should at leait be entitled to good ing aliiduous in my duty, I was fuc- manners and civility. But, alas! Sir, here cessful in my trade; and would in all I found, if poflible, fresh causes of unprobability have foon acquired a com- eálinels and inortification. My profession fortable independence, had not the will had been noised through the whole neighof a generous relation rendered it une bourhood; and the gentlemen of fortune necellary for me to labour any longer, found it utterly below the consequence of by bequeathing me a fortune of full their characters to associate with a despi. tweive hundred a year. On this acquie cable fellow who had formerly been a frion I made over my shop to a worthy tradesman: when I went down, thereyoung fellow of my own family, and fore, they unanimously resolved to avoid began to thew away a little smartly, na- the inolt dittant intercourie with me. turally fuppoling, that as I was now a Instead of visiting me as a stranger, they man of fortune, there could be no im. even recurned my cards of invitation; propriety wharfoever in assuming the and one worthy vight in particular, the appearance of a gentleman; more efpe: grandson of a cheeleinonger, threatened cially too, as my education had been to horse-whip my fervant, if he ever tolerably genteel, and my friends were more presumed to come again on such a of no little conlideration in the country, mettage from a pitiful little Chopkeer. Yet unhappily, Sir, though I took my Wiat to do, Mr. Babler, I knew not: od acquaintance with as much cordia- poflefied of a good estate, I coupid not lity by the hand as ever, and was as herd with the very plebeians of the ready as ever to pass an evening with country; and those with whom I jhem at ihe Crown and Anchor, never thought myself entitled to rank disdain. Theless, the presumption of setting up a ed to keep me company. Thus circum. carriage, and the vanity of wearing a stance!, I was obliged to return to the hit of lace upon my coat, were inex- metropolis which had used me with fo baúftible fouicus of rilicule. It was tinremitting a degree of ill. nature, and expected that I should be ltill the very forced to trult to the casual, acquaintance full-fame haberdasher I originally let out of the play or the coffee-houle, rather in life; and mitead of acting in the cha than detach myself entirely from fociety, racter I was now entitled to put on, it The oll adage, M. Babler, is 4 was thoughs inconceivably arourant that very good one, which lays— Conader I deviated in the heart from the simpli, ' what I am, and not what I have city of my mechanical appearance, been.' If mankind were in general Jtence a thousand facalms of under to be estimated by their original stua. 9.c


tions in life, we should find but very in conformity to what they have been,
few of our most dignified characters en- it cannot, furely, be improper for those
titled to respect. The bishop that pro- who move in a more subordinate sphere
nounces the benediction in our churches to follow the same examples A manj
would be found some inconsiderable while he continues in trade, should ap-
little chaplain ; the chancellor, who, pear like a tradesman; but if by any
like another deity, directs in all mat- accident he should arrive at the possess
ters of equity, would come out perhaps fion of a plentiful eftate, is it not as
an obícwe chamber.council; and the requisite that he should appear like a
minister, who made both bishop and man of fortune? Upon all occafions is
chancellor, appear no more, at his first it not necessary to act with a charac-
setting out, than a paltry corner of teristic degree of propriety? Propriety,
korse: yet, surely, upon their advance in fact, is conftituted by the observance
inent in the world, it woult be quite of character; and consequently he that
wrong were they to crawl in the con. acts agreeable to the rules of propriety,
tracted circumference of their primeval is infinitely less entitled to the general
circles. It would be ridiculous for the ridicule, than he who is terrified, by the
first to spend his evenings continually thing which he formerly has been, from
at the Chapter coffee-house; idle in the assuming the consequence really belonge
fecond to paisaway his leisure hours at the ing to what he is. If you approve these
Grecian; and as improper for the third sentiments, Mr. Babler, you will kind.
to be perpetually lounging at George's. Jy give them a place; if not, they shall
If, therefore, those who appear in the be lent for in a few days, by, Sir, your
molt elevated characters are io a&t con- constant reader,
fittently with what they are, and not


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and an impudence unparalleled. Being Tent into the world at a very early age, with little other dependance than these two


racters in the extensive rounds of fions to make them answer some account, infamy, who are entitled to the detelta. Hence, wherever he went, he was a mani tion of the public, I know of none more of professed gallantry; yet, having no odious than those who depend upon the pallions to gratify besides the despicable bounty of fomne prostitute for a mainte- avarice of his temper, his attacks were nance, and live upon the wages which constantly directed against those who fome miserable woman earns by the most were likely to supply him with money, abandoned facrifice both of her peace the moment he obtained any place in and her reputation. Yet, that there their affections. Ignorant as he was of are men so callous to every dictate of every thing else, he knew that a woman delicacy, so dead to every sentiment of who parts with her heart, would be easily shame, as to boast of such a support, led to a facrifice of her interelt, and thereand even make an absolute profesion of fore made use of the fame passport to the living by the profligacy of the other sex, purse which gave him first of all an adexperience every day must fatally con. mittance to the person. vince the sensible observer: let those, Among the number of those who dif. however, who doubt the truth of the tinguished him by particular marks of remark, catt an eye over the following liberality, the mistress of a certain noble little portrait, and every ninety-nine lord, who was herself allowed an ample realers in a hundred will immediately income by the munificence of her lover, point out the perfon from whom I have made hini an appointment out of her fac taken the releinblance.

lary of four hundred pounds a year; Codrax was born of very obscure pa. furnished an elegant house for his cona rents in Shropshire, and had little oh. venience; and even set up an equipage ligations either to nature or education, to gratify kis vanity. It is the constant but the advantages of a tolerable person cusle of keepers to be digregarded by

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those those wretches on whom they are most now got a handsome fum in his pocket, lavilh of their bounty; and it is as con- he went down to a certain country town ftantly the curse of the miserable wretches in an elegant chariot, attended by a themselves to squander away what is couple of servants, and touk lodgings thus obtained from the object of their juft by the house of a widow lady, who averfion, on rascals who treat them with had been left, by the ridiculous particruelty or contempt. This was the ality of a doating husband, the fole care case of the unfortunate woman before of two children, one a daughter, quite us. Every sixpence which her artifice marriageable; and, what was itill worse, ftole from the misguided partiality of the sole possession of their father's estate, her lord, she immediately gave into the which amounted to five hundred pounds poffeffion of Codrax; and thought her. a year. Our hero's appearance was Yelf amply rewarded if he even conde- smart, and his person, as I have before Icended to receive these instances of her observed, agreeable; he therefore eaúly regard with any tolerable share of civi. got himself introduced to the old mality. Her fondness, however, was too tron's hous, and made fuch good use palpable to be always concealed; her of his time, that in less than a fortnight Iord found out her attachment, and dif- both mother and daughter were entirely earded her with the obloquy the merited. at his devotion. He continued this She, however, had still fome jewels, and hopeful connection with the iwo, till he other valuable moreables. There she had either squandered away or engrofied parted with gradually, to support the the principal part of their fortune into prodigality of her infamous paramour; his hands; he then took his leave triand at lait reduced herlelf to a single umphantly of the family; the female

change of cleaths. Finding there was part of which did not long survive his - no profpet of benefiting any farther by departure. The mother died of a broken her weakness, Codrax decamped with heart, in all the miseries, as I hear, of

on heat of drum, and left her to all the a parith work-house; and the daughter Kings of pinching poverty and a despair- perished in childhed for want of common 'ing love. In this

finuation the keenness necessaries. What became of the son, 1 of her sufferings fonnd a refuge in die know not; but I think somebody told bftraction, and a cell in Bedlam is now me that he is now either a common fea

the retreat of an onhappy wretchy who i man in our fleets, or a common soldier "Some time ago could walte no less than in our armies. Thoufands in the posfuit of her licentious Codrax is now leagued with a proli. diffipations. In the midft of all her di- gate performer in the service of the pub*ftrefles, Courax, though opulent through lic, wha has a considerable sum of mo

the means of her very affection for him, ney and some valuable jewels in her refused to give her a shilling: he faw poffeffion. He has for some time af. her for some time wandering naked fumed the title of knighthood, and or., through the streets, bereft alike of habi.. dered in a variety of articles from varitation and bread, yet still lie denied the ous tradelinen, who have not yet perhaps fmallest relief. But who could expect a repented of their credulity. How long dawn of humanity in a bofom which this connection may continue, is a matw35 totally lost to honour, or think that ter of litrle conlequence to the world. a mind could be tinoured with the ini. Those, however, who see this, may be inutett touches of benevolence, which warned by the advice of a friend, and

could become feandalously dependant take care how they admit fuch a man "leven upon infamy for a fupport, and into their families. Should my leiter

tuop to be a prostitute to actual prosti.. be productive of fo falutary an effect, 'tution!!!

my with will be answered, and I shall One of the riext strokes in the charac- with pleasure ack nowlexige myself your ter of Codrax, is the destruction of a very humble fervant, --whole family in the country. Having,

Justice. am consequence of his lait connection,


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