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modern understanding, I fhall say á if ours are ftigmatized with an arbitrary few words in support of modern virtue Charles, or a bigotted James. When I againlt the heavy accusations of dege- mention Louis the XIVih, I by no means peracy, which some inconfiderate writers design to compare hiin' with Philip. or are but too apt to lay at our door, and Alexander in any thing but his ambi. but too ready to faften on the credulity tion and his rapacity; they are in every of the public.

other respect fo infinitely the more exalta " It must be readily granted, that the ed murderers, that the fenfible

reader will hiftory of modern times affords fufficient readily perceive in this respect lintendo instances of vices, which reduce human ed a very limited parallel. nature to the bafett. of all levels, and Seeing, therefore, that the moft cele. throw the blackest ftigma not only upon brated of the ancient æras cannot prothe dignity, but upon the very name of duce greater poets and philofophers than man : yet, if we take a review of more what appears upon the modern lift, I didant ages, we thall find equal exam. Bould be glad to ask what reasonable ples of rapine, perjury, and blood. The opinion can be assigned for our supposed civilized itates of Greece produced as depravity in understanding? And I many scenes of ambition, tyranny, and thould be also glad to know how the murder, as can possibly be found among charge of a depravity in manners can the molt barbarous nations; and the vir. be supported, when, upon a candid retuous Romans themselves, at the very view of the ancient annals, they appear moment they were affe&ing an uncom: to be covered with at leaft an equal mon fan&tity of manners, were robbing share of absurdities and crimes. That the all the world to inculcate maxims of modern æra is bad enough, we have too justice, and cutting whole nations to many lamentable teftimonies; but there pieces, to teach them lessons of benero- is no neceffity to aggravate either our Jence and humanity. Greece had it's weakness or our guilt, by making us Philip and it's Alexander, if France had worse than former times; which, whereher Louis the XIVth; and Rome had her ever we examine, were, in the general," Cæsar, if England had her Cromwell; a compound of the greatest villains and The also has a Caligula and a Nero to the grofseft fools. blacken everlaftingly upon her annals,



HEN the celebrated Voltaire tleman, he never would have suffered

was in England, he paid a visit the trouble of that interview. to the famous Mr. Congreve, though The slightest furtey of mankind will he was utterly unacquainted with him; convince å rational enquirer, that the and with that happy violation of cere- generality of people are influenced by mony, which is the characteristic of as injudicious a principle in their acclevated genius, introduced himself upontions, as Mr. Congreve in the present the mere account of their respective lite. circumstance. To avoid the impatation rary reputations. The Englishman was, of one extremity, they insensibly runy however, disconcerted; avd instead of into another; and let the charaéier be looking upon the franknofs of Voltaire's what it will which they are feai ful of behaviour as the greatest compliment incurring, an excessive folicitude to avoid that could be paid him, he said he would it exposes them frequently to one equal. be glad of being vifired by Mr. Voltaire, ly absurd, and excites, while they imaas a private gentleman, but could not gine themselves perfectiy secure from think of cultivating a friendship with any ridicule or cenfure, the universal laugh body, barely on the account of being or disesteem of their acquaintance. I er au bor. The Frenchman, disgusted am naturally led into thele reflections at this untimely instance of affectation, by a letter from a correspondent, whose turned upon his heel, and replied, with favours I Mall be always proud of re: feverity, that had not Mr. Congreve ceiving, and whife goed opinion thall been somewhat more than a private gene always itudy to delerve, while my leifure


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and my inclination allow me to scribble fe&tation, he continually wore half way for the amusement of the public, about his heels. In this manner we

used to joke when at a loss for converTO THE BABLER.

fation; and it generally proved a matBIR,

ter of no little entertainment to the bo THOUGH the world feldom holds neft country people, to hear us. racing

any set of people in a more ridicu, one another so heartily. Jous light than your pretty delicate race This perpetual negligence in the apof beings, who are uncealíngly employ. pearance of my worthy friend, very of ed in the decoration of their persons; ten led me to reflect upon the motive yet, for my own part, I think the eter: which could induce fo many people of nal loven to the full as contemptible a excellent understandings to be lo ex: character as the coxcomb professed; nay, tremely regardless of their persons; and if poffible, I conlider him as the work I never could imagine but that, it was of the two, fince, though the latter may some strange kind of vanity which in provoke your mirth, he does not cura general produced this unaccountable your ftarach; and is at most but an object lovenlinels, not withitanding to avoid of laughter, without giving any occasion every imputation of vanity is the upis for dilguft. I lately Ipent a few weeks versal plea of all the lovens of my ace near Whitehaven, in Cumberland, Mr. quaintance. Looking upon any remark Babler, where I had frequent opportu- able attachment to dress as a proof of nities of converting with a very worthy a weak mind, your men of Tense affect clergyman, who formerly was my school. to be entirely above it; and, willing to master, and who has as good a heart and enhance their own consequence by de as clear an understanding as any man pending solely on the force of intellecin the kingdom. As we kept company tual merit, they run to studied indecen, on the moit unreserved terms of friend. 'cies of appearance; and very often carry Thip, my powdered head of hair and not only a dirty Thirt, but an unfaa white coat was a continual source of en- voury effluvia, into the politeft compa tertainment to him; and he would often nies. call me a young coxcomb, if in walk.. People of sense Nould, however, con ing through a wet field or a dirty road, I sider, that a cleanliness in dress is not a seemed to take the imallest pains about little conducive to health; and that it my stockings, or expressed a casual with can be no derogation from their under a that I had not come abroad without my Standings, to make use of an occasional boots. A very trifling concern about bason of water in the scoworing of their the accumulating fableness of a thirt; hands and face. Allextremes are an inwould procure mé a lecture of half an putation upon our judgments; and the hour; and a clean handkerchief once a belt proof which men of abilities.can day, was a piece of unpardonahle fup. give of their fuperior wisdom, on ordic pery that merited the discipline of a nary occafions, is to avoid the smallest horsewhip. In fhort, Sir, being barely appearance of fingularity. Wherever decent in my externals, was fureof draw. we see men running into fingularities of ing an imputation upon the little thare any kind, we may safely conclude, tbar of understanding I possess; and in pro- the judgment is not perfectly right; but portion as I was tolerably dressed, I was when we see these lingularities have a certain of being told I had an intolerable tendency only to occafion universal difa degree of vanity.

gult, we may be satisfied, that whoever The good-humoured liberties thus is guilty of them, is possessed of an untaken with my appearance, I constantly common share of pride at the bottom; retorted upon my reverend friend for and thinks that the accomplishments of running into the mott disagreeable peg- his mind fufficiently atone for any egree ligence imaginable. If my powdered gious disregard of his person. head and smooth chin afforded him a Every inan owes something to the fa. laugh, I was no less merry with his an- tisfaction of his friends, notwithltandtiquated grizzel and long beard; and for ing so many people absurdly imagine every sarcasm thrown out against my they are entirely formed for themselves. white cotton stockings, I n vu failed A philosopher, or a poet, may challenge to be witty on his coarse yarn ones, our admiration on the score of his abilia which, through an absolute piece of af. ties; yet if he sacrifices all consideration,


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to a decency in his appearance, it is im. vanity, and want of underfanding, we possible he thould ever be beloved. Cons: hall be always inclined to give him the verfe with him we may, but we can nei preference to a notorious Loven, boch in ther chuse to fit near him at table, nor every public place, and at every focial pledge him out of the fame glass; and entertainment. I am, Sir, &c. however we may defpife a coxcomb for his

VERAX. !!!)

in ins while

90. tpi Musei

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HOUGH no man can be a greater dinner had been to our tastes; and with

admirer of English hofpitality than the long litt of customary excuses which myself, I have nevertheless been tres usually pass for good breeding in fequentiy offend d at seeing this hofpitá- cond-rate companies, he promised the lity carried to a ridiculous excess; and next time we favoured him with a visit, have always imagined, where I law the we should be accommodated in a manmaster of a house l'unning into a large ner infinitely more to our satisfaction. expence merely for the entertainment of When I returned home, I could not two or three intimare friends, that he help reflecting on the pernicious prevamuit entertain either a very improper lence of customs in the generality of our opinion of himself, or a strange idea of convivial entertainments. The eternal his company

endeavour at parade and magnificence, I lined selterday with my old friend I considered as the natural retult of va Ned Grumble, the council' at Gray's nity; and saw that by much the prin. Inn, with whom I went to school; and cipal part of the world was confiderably who, notwithstanding the Imart air which more Itudious to atrogate the opinion of an occasional queee wig gives him, is at their own importance, than to promote leatt eight and fifty, and ought to know the fatisfa&tion of their friends. Every a live inore of the world than what he dith which was added to a rable, I found manifefted in his entertainment. There was looked upon as an addition to the were but three of us Ned; DrviSyftem merit of the entertainers and he that was the naturalist, ani mvutit; yet we had a clever tellow, with a Turbot, was ftill dinner enough form the caverns to serve cleverer if he could furnitha John Dory, twenty, and such a profion of luxu- er provide any other article of luxury ries, that the bare ea' ables must at least equally expensive and unneceffary. have amounted to fix or leven pounds. If, however, we examine this matter 'To be jure, Ned is a man of fortune, properly, we shall always find that an and can afford to treat his friends very excess of prepa ation, inftead of being genteelly; but, for my own pari, I never a real compliment, is nothing better than fornt mv. notions of genuility by the indirect offence; it is a racir infinuation, standard of extravagance. I do noi love either that our gnefts are nor generally to feedynev tunneceffarily thrown away; uled to fuch-delicacies as we have pro and always with that people of condi., vided for them, or that it is abfolutely tion would apyly the firper fluities of their neceffarý to bribe the depravity of their income eithi i to the relief of merit in palates, when we would delire the fadittiefs, or to thefe obje&ts which muft vour of their company. The great art 'promote the general welfare of their of entertaining with elegante is to encomotiv.

terrain with reason. To do this we muit : Aspe various courses came in, lob consult the nature of our circumftances, ferves! Nert tas lerverly pleated with the and the rank of our friends. If the air rt typorze wnich I naturally put on, firft are narrow, we expose ourfelves to ari frentent to me in his own opinion' in the feverest cenfure, as well as the keenelt proportion in theirlegance of his table. ridicule, by aping she luxurious abonWwir a inok' of difference 'he prefed dance of a Lord Mayor's table; and let the &tor and I tot at herity; and with the latter be what it will, we should ena very ridiculous kind of an affectation, deavour to treat them after the customIsinised him there was nothing which ary manner in which they treat themwe could poffibly like. He wilhed the felves in their own families. For this reafort we fhould never insult a poor ing themselves for the sake of keeping man with all the magnificence of fifty' an extensive circuit of company; neicovers," nor invite a lord' to an humble ther does it di&tate, that those with full Thin of beef. A decent supply of good purses thould ever run i'into extrava dishes should always be in readiness, gance. None, however, mistake the bur nothing ever studied for unnecessary matter more than young fellows who are parade. Plenty, and not profufion, juft entering into the world, and have Thould be the characterittic of our board; no other prospect of fupporting themand we should constantly recolle&, that selves than the success of their respective those are utterly, unworthy the appella, avocations. ? Betrayed by too great a tion of friends, who could wish us to generosity of temper, they imagine they squander a parcel of valuable pounds for never can thew a fufficient welcome to the mere sake of making an empty diso their friends; and hence they incon play of our opulence, when the fum fiderately provide twenty or thirty dithes thus extravagantly laid out might be ape for those very men whose general round plied to a number of very falutary pur- of living they know to be a piain fimple poses. I


joint, or a frugal beet-steak at a taverna * There are feveral people, however, For my own part, whenever it has been who are hurried away by an unaccounts my lot to dine with persons of tbis cait, able desire of appearing extremely iplen- the uncommon excellence of my enters did in their entertainments, and make tainment has entirely ifpoiled my ite it a fort of point to keep a table con- macb; and I have loit all relish to eale fiderably above their circumstances. ? ! ing, merely from recollecting what a remember poor Dick Thornton would confiderable fum a good natured young frequently invite people to dinner, and fellow muft have idly, thrown away, treat with Champagne and Burgundy, through a defire of manifesting an ex though he borrowed the money which traordinary respect for his company.: 1 paid the bill of fare, buo the evening be- da The publication of this little ftrio. fore, from fome of his guetts, or pici- - cure will, I hope, in some measure, refully begged a fortnight's credit at the move so great an absurdity. People of Mitre in Fleet Streer.

1" 1 it good fenfe want limie more than a bare - Hospitality, to be furey requises every mention of their errors to produce an man to receive his acquaintance with amendment : apd by the reformation the utmost cordiality and warmth, but which I may hear occafioned by the preit by no means deferes people of femalt feot hint, I fall immediately judge the fortune to i be constantly impoveri iho understanding of any readers.

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I have some of cente y en die verliefend mogey

N the course of my little Arictures, the subject again at another opportucountenance the fcandalous prepentity Last night, having received a mof which I have observed in a number of presling invitation from an old relation old fellows for an obscenity of conver- of mine, I went and fupped at his house {ation; a propensity which, even in the The company conafted of his lady, his thoughtleis and giddy-headed Atate of fon, and his two daughters, a very youth, is extremely culpable, and no eminent clergyman in the city, and dels disgraces the politensis of the gentle myself. My friend is one of those puoman, than deffens the underlanding of ple, who, having formerly cut a very the man. In the present paper I Thail gayi tigue in the word, is still ambilay a pieture before my readers, which, tious ot spreading the May-bloom of though really drawn for a particular wenty-five upon the winter of threeperfon, will, I fear, prove much too score ; and desirous of dispiaying in the general a resemblance; but which, if it fuineis of bas priis that (prightlinels thonid tortu ately prove a megos of re- · and vivacity winca time has relentlessly farming a single individual, will make taken inom his perion : with this view me think my time very well beltoweit, die is everlastingly aiming at doubin ene and induce me, perhaps, to take up tendres, and will not even heutai" 10

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crack his indelicate ambiguities upon his no less ill-timed than it was illiberal. childien. On the contrary, he often I was in hopes the visible dissatisfaction attacks his daughters

, with a vein of the which we all manifested on this occasion moit cuipable -levity; and tells them, would have kept my antiquated buck when the poor young ladies are ready in a litile order for the remainder of the to fink with shame and inortification, evening: but here, Sir, I was mifera. that they know very well what he means, bly mistaken ; every glass brought on a and that he is pertectly lendible they are new inktance of obscenity, and produced both languishing for husbands.. a frelh question, whether he was not the

As my old friend suffers me to take heartiest cock, of his years, in the uni more liberties with him than he can bear verse. The towett amours of his youthfrom any body else, I always endea- ful days were raked up with the most vour to keep him in a little order; and paltry degree of ostentation, and he this renders any visits uncommonly wel- seemed to gain a new hare of life from come to his fainily. Last night I ma- the mere repetition of those circum. naged him pretty well, and we had not stances which thould have made him above ten or a dozen indelicacies during sorry that he eyer lived at all. fupper-time: but the cloth was no fooner Youth is but a poor excuse for removed, than he cried. Come, Mr. man's playing the fool; but no palliae • Babler, I'll give you a toalt.' This- tion can pfliby be offered where a grey was what the ladies extremely appre.. head is striving to re-exist in the rememhended, and they all instantly role up brance of former vices, and is ambitious from table, with an abrupinels that of preserving the same reputation for would have astonished a ftianger pros, extravagancies in the deepening vale of digiously, and tarted out of the room. years, which rendered him contemptible Upon this he burst into a loud laug';. to the thinking part of the world when and slapping me on the Mouider with a boy of nineteen. If a man is really an air of extraordinary satisfaction, ex- desirous of being respected in the dea: claimed Well, my boy, you see I am. cline of life, be must act in such a man. • ftill Old Truc penny; and though to ner as to deserve the universal efteem of " the tuil as heavily laden with years as his acquaintance; instead of deviating:

yourtelf, have fisty times your spirits,, into ribaldry, he must make an absolute • and can set the women a going whena, display of his good sense, and build his • ever I think proper.' Then turning applause upon the rectitude of his own round to the clergyman, and pointing sentiments, instead of applying to the to his fon, he asked, with an aich figdepravity of ours. A debauchee of nificance of countenance Do you fixty is no less a icandal to nature, than • think, duétor, that fellow will be a a disgrace to morality; and we cannot• quarter the man I am when he comes help feeling a secret kind of horror,

to my age ?--hey--what ly you, ' when we fee a father profligately jesting

petticoats?' The gentleman replied, with his children, and taking every ophe believed not; and my friend orderedportunity to-Iteed them againt the nicer us to fill a bunper directly, for he still sensations of delicacy and virtue. The piques himself upon being at le to drink parent who acts in this manner, has not a couple of bottles of an evening. only his own errors to answer for, but

When our glasses were charged in a great measure the crimes of his po

Now,' says he; • I'll give you a toatt.' fterity. The human inind has a natuHe did fo with a witness; and totally ral promptitude to err, and we are all forgetting the prelence of his 10.), the of us but too fond of copying the exc prolellion of the clergyınan, and the amples of those whom we have been fobriety of my character, gave what taught to reverence and love. For the would scarcely have issued from the un- fake of the rising generation, therefore, derbied intoxication of an Iridh chair, let me earnestly exhort the old beariy man in a night-celiar. For my own cocks of the present age, to pay fome part, I turned round in disgult, the little regard to this reflection; lince the clergyman wiped his face, and the fun reputation and welfare of their familien, stooped to buckle his thoe, in order to ought to engage a consideralıle share of avoid the difagreeable necessicy of biush- their attention, however indifferent they ing for his father, whole behaviour was may be about their own.


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