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TOtwithstanding a number of write her only study is to attract a crowd of

ers have very judiciously em- fools to the standard of her beauty; and, ployed their pens in exposing the ridi- taught that a woman with fo exquisite a culous partiality which the generality face has a just pretension to the first of of parents feel in favour of their own fers in the kingdom, the is continually children; yet there is one species of this aspiring above the level of her circum partiality which, though the most fatal stances. By this means, the most com. in it's effects, has however engaged but monly withers in contempt upon the the smallest part of their notice; for ftalk of an antiquated virginity, or fawhich reason I propose to make it the crifices her reputation to fome debaufubject of my present discussion, and chee of fashion, whom she vainly ima. Aatter myself that it will be received, gines to draw in for a husband. It is on account of it's importance, with a below a beauty ever to think of marryparticular fhare of indulgence by the ing with a man of her own rank; her public,

charms are to procure fomething infi. The prejudice upon which I intend nitely fuperior; and there is scarcely a to animadvert, is the opinion absurdly tradesman's daughter with a palable entertained by every body, that the face, in the weekly bills, but what now beauty of their daughters will be always and then thinks of an equipage with a certain of making their fortunes. This tolerable degree of confidence; and imaunhappy prepossession is now so univer- gines herfelf pretty certain, at lealt, of Gally adopted, that few parents attend a gentleman or a knight, though the to more than the mere superficials of a should even fail of gaining a helpmate young lady's education. A mother, now with a coronet. a-days, instead of inculcating lessons of The strangest thing, however, in this prudence and morality, is only folicitous unaccountable notion with which people about the personal accomplishments of are deluded, of a daughter's making a her rifing angel : instead of teaching her fortune with her face, is, that every one to be humble, modest, and unaffected, supposes the world will look through the lays down no rules but those of the magnifying-glass of parental preporpride; no precepts but those of arro- session, and conceive just such an opinion gance; and no documents but those of of the girl's personal attractions as they affectation. Before Miss is out of her are filly enough to entertain themselves,. hanging-leeves, she is accustomed to the without ever recollecting that others molt extravagant praises of her own have no natural interest in the young beauty; and is instructed in a belief lady, either to be blind to her defects, that, fo the delicacy of her complexion is or fenfible of her perfections: they are attended to, there is no necessity what. astonished that we should differ from soever to pay the least regard to the cul- their idea of her merit; and absolutely tivation of her mind. Hence the can demand that tribute of admiration from argue upon the excellence of Naples our justice, which is nothing but the dew, before she knows a single coma ridiculous relult of their own partiality. mandment in the decalogue; and de- How often, I appeal to my readers, scant upon the finartness of a ribband, have they heard a mother extolling the before she is acquainted with a letter in face of some half-begotten thing to the the alphabet.

skies as a miracle of excellence; and, The natural confequence of such an in the fulness of her heart, exclaiming education is, that the becomes intole. - Mv beauty! my queen!' and 'my rably vain, and insupportably ignorant. angel!! where the poor little wretch The first of these amiable qualifications, had actually the features of a jackaher vanity, renders her torally blind to napes! For my own pirt, I have seen every merit in the character of another such things a thousand times, and perfon; and the latter renders her as among my own relations too. My totally insensible of the grosseft absurdity coulin Suke has a little girl of about ten in her owo. Calculated anerely for thew, years old, who is blind of an eye, and.


feamed with the finall.pox like a Savoy- they may be generally imagined. A cabbage; yet-Suke imagines that her young féllow, if he wants to make an daughter will, one time or other, make occasional connection with a lady, a conquest of a nobleman; and has scarcely ever looks for more than figure beea known to praise the ineffable fweet. or make. By the faine rule that he Dess of her Patty's face, though the buys a horse, he chuses his mistress. company were at that very moment But the case is widely different when he talking about Lady Sarah Bunbury, or comes to think of a wife: however he the Duchess of Hamilton.

may laugh at prudence and discretion in Were parents, however, to act with himself, he always requires it in her ; prudence, they might easily judge, from and thinks he is infinitely more liable what they themselves think of other to suffer in the public opinion, through people's children, how other people are the minutes foible of her's, than through affected at the sight of theirs. . This the greatest error of his own : for this fingle mode of judging would, in a mo. reason, the wildest libertine, when he ment, unbind the charm which fasci. thinks of marrying, generally looks out nates the heart of so many fathers and for a woman of virtue and understand. mothers, and convince them that there ing. Experience has taught him how were a number of requisites necessary to finall a fhare the mere attractions of a form a compleat woman, besides the fine face have in the formation of real possession of a smooth face and an agree. happiness; and if he chuses a person able person : they would then see, that that wants a fortune, yet his choice is a well-cultivated mind had an infinite most commonly a person that can save superiority over the most rosy cheek in Hence matrimony is the only the universe; and discover that some thing in which he feldom suffers himself thing more than a bare knowledge in to be duped; and he hardly ever dreams fixing a head-dress, or pinning a hand, of asking the hand of a mere beauty, kerchief, was indispenlably proper for while there is a possibility for him to the mistress of a family.

gain a woman of real beauty and merit In fact, the men are not such fools as too.




circumstances by marrying a woman

with money, though he had a perfon SIR,

and an address which rendered * no TH "HE strictures in your last paper way difficult for him to succeed with

on the ridiculous propensity which the ladies. On the contrary, Sir, he the generality of people have to suppose. followed the implicit direction of his in. the beauty of their daughters will at any clinations; and before he was five and time be sufficient to make their fortunes, twenty, married my mother, the daughare so very much in point, that I can- ter of a Gloucesterhire baronet, whose not reflt a desire of troubling you with whole fortune confifter of a long line of my little ftory, especiaHy as it may per- ancestors, a high notion of gentility, haps be a means of preventing some and a very agreeable face. other parents from following the un- With a ditpofition on both sides to happy example of my poor father and make every thing wear the most elegant mother, whose ill-judged tenderness in appearance, it is not to be wondered at, this respect was the original source of if on either there were no extraor: all my misfortunes.

dina y notions of economy. I was My father, you must know, Mr. born in about a twelvemonth after their Babler, was the youngest son of a good union; and I have heard my mother family, but had, however, no other say, the bare preparations for her dydependence than an employment under ing-in amounted to near a hundred and the government, which brought him in fifty pounds. Being the only product about five hundred pounds a year. As of their affections, I was treated as if I he was naturally of a generous disponi- was something more than mortal. In tion, he never thought of mending his my earliest infancy I was dilcovered to

have have fome irresistible attractions. My possibly be as good as myself. Vanity mother, before my eyes were well open, and indiscretion, the characteristics of declared them a pair of the right killing my years, were open to every document kind; and if I happened but to cry for of this nature; and I looked upon it as a little bread and milk, my father found a derogation from my consequence, to out in every squall fome indications of a be seen in less than honourable coinwonderful fagacity. In fort, I was pany. For this purpose, I even conlooked upon as an absolute Olio or fal- descended to be treated with indifference; mongundy of perfetions, to use the words put up with an insult from the daughter of a fashionable author; and was almost of a man of fashion, for the sake of in danger of being devoured, through numbering her amongst my acquaintthe insatiable fondness, as I may call it, ance; and permitted fone familiarities, of my poor father and mother.

not criminal however, from her brother, When I grew towards seven or eight, to purchase the honour of his attending and had passed the ordeal of a fiery on me in public. The consequence of fmall-pox with pretty good success, I this behaviour was, however, fatal ; was pronounced a perfect beauty; and before I was eighteen, I refused two of my friends all concluded, that it was three very conåderable offers from peoimpossible but what such a woman as I ple of my own rank; and before I was promised to turn out mult make her for- nineteen, fell a victim to the illiberal tune by her personal attractions. In- machinations of a villain with an earl. fatuated by this unaccountable prepof- dom, who visited on my account at my fesfion, my mother's sole attention was father's, and flattered him with a notion confined to those accomplishments which of speedily becoming my husband. were rather engaging than necessary, Not to dwell upon this unhappy cir. and rendered a woman fuperficially cumstance, suffice it, that shame and agreeable, without being of any intrinsic disappointment quickly broke the heart ufe. Thus, Sir, when other girls of of my poor father, who died, lamento my age were advancing pretty falt in the ing with his last breath his error in my progrefs of French, Italian, and Eng- education, and was followed by his milith authors, I was studying how to ferable reli& in less than fix weeks. play at quadrille, or exercising the whole With my father died all my hopes of arıny of my little graces before the look- subfiftence; and what I should have ing-glass.' Inttead of growing a mis- done for bread, God only knows, had tress at my needle, and alfisting to make not a most excellent lady, who was up the linen of the family, I was in- compelled into a marriage with my beftructed to laugh at industry, and told, trayer, a little after I was undone by that poring on a piece of work would him, purchased me out of her pin-money jnevitably injure my eyes, or endanger an annuity of a hundred pounds for my my conftitution. Going to church, they life, and generously sent it me in a man. as good as told me, was extremely vul- ner that doubled the obligation. Upon gar; and it was hinted, that I ñould this I have refided near ten years in a Thew my spirit, by taking care to rate the remote part of the country, endeavour. servants very soundly whenever they grew ing, by a 'close application to the best either familiar or impertinent. In short, authors, to unlearn the principal part of Sir, in this hopeful manner I reached what I was formerly caught; and to my fixteenth year, and knew nothing atone, by an exemplary conduct during in nature but how to make a cap, play the remainder of my days, for the ina game at cards, turn out my toes a discretion of my pait behaviour. May little tolerably, and play a leffon or two my story prove a means of preventing on the harpsichord.

the ruin of other young women; and As I was now bordering on the age teach such parents as mine, that the when my mother expected my person only way of raising a real happiness for would work miracles, the took uncom- their children, is to lay the foundation mon pains to tell me, that thote who on discretion and virtue. I am, Sir, were my equals only were infinitely be your bumble servant, Death me; and that none but those who

THEODORA. were considerably my fuperiors could

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pretty remarkable for the convenience of

it's prospect, they strike a kind of awe SIR,

through a number of families consider, HERE is a species of ill-breed. ably better than themselves, and are alextreinely prevalent among several of conitables, to enforce the minuteft proour modern pretenders to politeness; priety of behaviour. and which, as it gives much uneasiness Did their impertinence, however, ex. to a number of well-meaning people, I tend no farther, it might perhaps be have taken the liberty of condemning in borne with some degree of temper, and the following little narrative; and that they might possibly be considered as therefore elteem it as a singular obliga. objects of our pity, without ever ex. tion, if you will lay it before the public citing our resentment. But, alas ! Mr, throngh' the channel of your excellent Babler, the buckling of a lhoe, or the paper,

wearing of a clean thirt, fets them into You must know, Mr. Babler, that I å tittering; and a little more powder in live in a tolerably genteel street, not far one's wig than ordinary, occasions a from Lincoln's Inn, and have made it horse laugh. My wife, Sir, being as my principal fully during the whole good-natured and placid a girl as ever time of my residence to give no offence existed, this disposition gives them fo whatsoever to any perfon in the neigh. great an advantage over her, that the bourhood. Unhappily, however, Sir, can never look out of her own window, there is an antiquated gentleman who and is always in the greatest diftress if

lives almoft opposite to me, and who the servant keeps her a moment at the · has a family confifting of a wife every door. If the puts on but a fresh gown

whit as venerable as himself, two daugh. to vilit a friend, the hears Lord, we ters to whom Nature has been unconi- ' are dressed to day!' breaking from the monly parfimonious in the distribution opposite side of the street; and if the of her personal graces, and a fervant- fends home but an humble leg of mucmaid. As this amiable little comunu. ton from market, there is a Pon nity pique themfelves prodigiously on my word, we are resolved to live well, the regularity of their own conduct, however, let who will pay for it! they are continually upon the watch to Nay, Sir, my little girl, an infant under pry into the behaviour of every body two years of age, comes in for her bare elté. Hence, Sir, if a gentleman knocks of this delicate treatment; and her moat my door about bufiness, fome one of ther having a day or two ago bought them continually runs to the window to her a new bonnet, the child has ever fee who it is; and comments, in a tone fince undergone the fevereft exertion of loud enough to be dittinetly heard across their wit, and God love you, look at the way, either upon his dreis or his • Mifs!' is the continualexpreffion when"perfon. If I have company with me in ever she maid appears with her at the the parlour, some of them (tand centinel door, or takes her out into Lincoln's. on me at the dining-room; and if I take Inn gardens for a little air and exercise. 'my gueits into the dinng-room, they In thort, Sir, not an article in our drels, mount to the second Hoor, where they nor a feature in our faces, escapes the have a full command of all my motions, eagle-eyed notice of our worthy neighand reduce me to the disagreeable alter- bours; and there is scarce a possibility native of bearing the whole torrent of of conceiving how very unhappy we their impertinent obfervations, or of have been rendered by this excels of letting down my curtains. To be fure, curiosty and impertinence. Sir, I am not the only object of this ob- Were these good people themselves, liging solicitude; as far as they can por either distinguilhed by any uncotamon fibly fee, chey manifeft a laudable anxie- elegance of appearance, or amiableness ty for the conduct of their neighbours; of perfon, this behaviour would be the and being fortunately fituated in a house less extraordinary; but, Sir, Sunday is


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perhaps the only day in the week on neighbourhood, like the members of the which they change their linen; and largest communities, should always en. I have already hinted, that there is no deavour to engage one another's esteem extraordinary share of beauty in the fa- by a mutual intercourse of good, at mily. As for the father, he is an ab- least of obliging, offices : true politefolute Oran Otan; a mere man of the ness, however this unfashionable sense woods; the old gentlewoman is the im- of the word may be exploded, confifts mediate idea of that venerable lady to in exerting our utmott abilities to pro. whom Saul paid a midnight visit at En- mote the fatisfaction of our neighbours. dor; and the eldelt daughter, to an un. A contrary disposition, though it may meaningness of face that actually bor. be reckoned extremely witty by some, ders upon lunacy, joins a couple of can be considered in that light by none tushes that project a surprising way from but the ignorant or the worthless: 'the mouth, like the forks of an ele- Whoever thinks the approbation of phant; the youngest, to borrow an ex-, fuch an essential to their happiness, has preffion from the Copper Captain, has my full permission to folicit it; but I å husk about her like a chelnut,' will readily affirm, that 'every sensible which fo compleatly absorbs every ve. and benevolent inind will hold them in ftige of humanity, that I am almoft at a detestation or contempt, and look upon lots in what order of beings to rank her; them as an equal disgrace and nuisance and, therefore, though her sex has per- to society. What a pity is it, Sir, that, haps been already ascertained, I shall like other nuisuces, there is no method put her fpecies down in the doubtful of presenting them by a grand jory: gender.

as there is not, fuffer me to present There is nothing, Mr. Babler, them in this manner, and be affured, which betrays an understanding so you will have the thanks of many faweak, or a heart fo malevolent, as an milies in my part of the town, befides inclination to render others undeservedly those of your molt humble servant, uneasy. The people of every little




To know mankind, and to profit of these gentlemen, who has the cha.

by their follies, is generally the racter of being profoundly versed in with of the mercenary; but there are life, exerting his superiority of skill in some who think, that expofing their company. He has a new phrase for own follies to public view is the trueft every thing: • Tip us a wag of your mameans of acquiring an insight into those nus,' is, for instance, Shake hands; of others. This method of a man's Let us have a buss at your muns," is, fubje&ling himself to voluntary diftress, Let me kiss you. For such humour as in order to become acquainted with hu- this, our unfortunate creature has had man nature, goes by the name of lee- his head broken, his pockets picked, and ing life; fo that, as the phrale goes, the his constitution destroyed, though fully young fellow is now said to have seen convinced of his errors the very mo. moft of life who has experienced moft ment he was running into them with the misery.

greatert avidity. I have often, with pity, regarded It has been often said, that half the fome of my more youthful acquaintance pains which fome men take to be rogues who took this experimental way of be- could very comfortably have supported coming philosophers, and who thought them in honesty. With equal truth it proper to buy all the little wit they had may be said, that half the labours which by their fufferings: and yet, in fact, these men use in the pursuit of pleature, when we come to examine this ascetic could have fupplied them with a double feet of Atudents, we shall find them ut. portion of the means. Pleasure is pot terly ignorant of real life, and skilled so coy a mistress as these men would peronly in the ceremonies of a night cellar, fuade us that free is; he needs not be or the etiquette of a brothel.

pursued through the mazes of a night It is ampsing enough to listen to one adventure, nor earned by the hazard of



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