Approaches to Cognition Through Text and Discourse
This book explores the overlapping area of study that discourse linguists and cognitive linguists are interested in. It procedes from considerations of information structuring, coherence and foregrounding to those of negotiation of meaning in situational and cultural contexts. The cognitive issues brought to the fore range from assumptions that we make about the interlocuters' memory constraints, the relative salience that we give to and recognize in elements of discourse, prototypicality and the figure-ground distinction reflected in language use, locative concerns, iconicity, negotiation between people or groups of people of common ground and establishment of shared conceptual models within society at large, which raises the issues of culture and ideology. The contributions, all by established linguists with highest qualifications, present new findings which have important theoretical implications. They offer unique and fresh analyses of central discourse phenomena in cognitive light.
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accessibility activated adverbials Agentive agreement markers analysis appear argument aspects assumed basic bilingual bound Cambridge chapter clause cognitive communicative concepts concerning conditionals considered construction context contract criteria definition discourse discussion distinctions effect elements example expert expression fact Fernandez-Vest Figure Finnish foregrounded fragments function given grounding human iconicity important included indicating interpretation John judgement kind knowledge language less linguistic mapping marked material meaning memory mental narrative natural non-experts object origin participants person agreement person markers position possible present Press principle producers pronouns qualia question reader reasoning referents reflect relations Salience seen semantic sense sentence sentence-initial shared short situation social space speaker speech status strategy structure suggest Telic temporal textual theory third person tion Topic types understanding units University York