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Touch. Faith, we met, and found the quarrel was upon the seventh cause.

Jaques. How seventh cause ?--Good, my lord, like this fellow. Duke S. I like him


well. Touch. God ild 1 you, sir; I desire you of the like. I press in here, sir, amongst the rest of the country copulatives, to swear and to forswear, according as marriage binds and blood breaks. A poor virgin, sir, an ill-favored thing, sir, but mine own; a poor humor of mine, sir, to take that that no man else will. Rich honesty dwells like a miser, sir, in a poor house, as your pearl in your

foul oyster.

how did you

Duke S. By my faith, he is very swift and sententious.

Touch. According to the fool's bolt, sir, and such dulcet diseases.?

Jaques. But, for the seventh cause; find the quarrel on the seventh cause?

Touch. Upon a lie seven times removed : (bear your body more seeming, Audrey !) as thus, sir. I did dislike the cut of a certain courtier's beard ; he sent me word, if I said his beard was not cut well, he was in the mind it was : this is called the retort courteous. If I sent him word again, it was

1 Reward.

2 Malone thinks that this word is capriciously used by Shakspeure for sayings.



not well cut, he would send me word, he cut it to please himself : this is called the quip modest. If again it was not well cut, he disabled my judgment: this is called the reply churlish. If again it was not well cut, he would answer, I spake not true : this is called the reproof valiant. If again it was not well cut, he would say, I lie : this is called the countercheck quarrelsome : and so to the lie circumstantial, and the lie direct.

Jaques. And how oft did you say, his beard was not well cut?

Touch. I durst go no farther than the lie circumstantial, nor he durst not give me the lie direct; and so we measured swords, and parted.

Jaques. Can you nominate in order now the degrees of the lie?

Touch. O, sir, we quarrel in print, by the book,1 as you have books for good manners : I will name you the degrees. The first, the retort courteous ; the second, the quip modest ; the third, the reply churlish; the fourth, the reproof valiant; the fifth, the countercheck quarrelsome; the sixth, the lie with circumstance; the seventh, the lie direct. All these you may avoid, but the lie direct; and you may avoid that too, with an if. I knew when seven justices could not take up a quarrel ; but when the parties were met themselves, one of them thought

I Shakspeare is here supposed to allude to a formal treatise on duelling, by Vincentio Saviolo, printed in 1994.

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but of an if, as, 'if you said so, then I said so;' and they shook hands, and swore brothers. Your *if' is the only peace-maker; much virtue in “if.'

Jaques. Is not this a rare fellow, my lord ? He's as good at any thing, and yet a fool.

Duke S. He uses his folly like a stalking-horse ; ? and, under the presentation of that, he shoots his wit.

Enter Hymen, leading ROSALIND in women's clothes ;

and CELIA.

Still music.

Hymen. Then is there mirth in heaven,

When earthly things made even

Atone together.
Good Duke, receive thy daughter;
Hymen from heaven brought her,

Yea, brought her hither;
That thou mightst join her hand with his,
Whose heart within her bosom is.

Ros. To you I give myself, for I am yours :

[to Duke s. To you I give myself, for I am yours.

[to Orl. Duke S. If there be truth in sight, you are my

daughter. Orl. If there be truth in sight, you are my


I'A horse either real or fictitious, by which the fowler sheltered himself from the sight of the game.'-Steevens.

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