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missioned to execute it in bronze. A demonstration took place at the unveiling of the Statue on Thursday, 25th January, 1877. It was estimated that not less than 30,000 persons took part in the various processions and subsequent proceedings. The ceremony was presided over by Lord Houghton.

The movement was originated by the late James KILMARSOCK M‘Kie in the summer of 1872. The foundation stone MEMORIAL. of the Monument was laid by R. W. Cochran-Patrick, 1872-79. of Woodside, on September 14th, 1878, and the Statue

was unveiled by Colonel Alexander, of Ballochmyle, MP., on August 9th, 1879. The sculptor selected was W. G. Stevenson, Edinburgh, and the architect of the Monument was R. S. Ingram, Kilmarnock. The total cost was £2893, the greater portion of which sum was raised through the personal exertions of Mr M.Kie. Alexander Anderson (“Surfaceman,") and Alexander G. Murdoch, Glasgow, were each awarded a silver medal for the best poem on the occasion.

The City of New York was the first American City to honour Robert Burns by erecting a Monument to his

memory. Since then the City of Albany, has conferred 1880. a similar honour on Scotia's Poet, and San Francisco,

Chicago, and Providence, are (1892) busy organising a movement for a like purpose. The ceremony of unveiling the New York Statue took place on Saturday, 2nd October, 1880. The oration was given by George William Curtis, and was an impassioned, enthusiastic deliverance.

A preliminary meeting to organise a movement for

the erection of a Burns Statue in Dundee, took place MEMORIAL. on Tuesday, 30th January, 1877, when a committee 1880. was appointed, and within a few months the subscrip

tion list amounted to £700. The estimated cost, with the site and basement, was about £1600. Permission was obtained from New York, to allow Sir John Steell, R.S.A., to give a replica of the Burns Statue, at the reduced price of one thousand guineas, being exactly one half of the price agreed upon for the American contract. The pedestal was erected on the 29th August, 1879, and the ceremony of unveiling the Statue took place on Saturday, 16th October, 1880. It was one of the greatest demonstrations ever held in Dundee.

The Queen of the South Burns Club, Dumfries, first DUMFRIES issued subscription lists in furtherance of a proposal to

erect a Statue of the Bard. The Tam o'Shanter Club, 1882. at their quarterly meeting, 5th April, 1877, resolved to

raise funds for the same object. The design selected is by Mrs D. O. Hill (sister of Sir Noel Paton), of Newington Lodge, Edinburgh, and cost about £3000. The ceremony of unveiling the Statue took place on 6th April, 1882, and was performed by Lord Rosebery.

The ccllection of the different editions of Burns's MʻKIE Works made by James M‘Kie, Publisher, Kilmarnock,

is acknowledged to be the most complete ever brought

together by one individual. Its formation extended 1882. over a period of more than forty years. In November,

1882, in response to advances made to him by the officebearers of the Kilmarnock Burns Club, Mr. M‘Kie agreed to accept a sum of £350, on condition that the collection was deposited in the Museum, and the Corporation became its custodiers. The collection includes seventeen curious and interesting scrap-books, dating from 1854 till 1883.*



* For further information see Catalogue of the M'Kie Burnsiana Library," anil Burns Holograph Manuscripts in the Kilmarnock Museum,Both volumes are on sale at the Monument.




A bronze Statue of the Poet Burns was unveiled in LONDON London, in the summer of 1884. The Statue was MEMORIAL. presented by Mr. John Gordon Crawford, a retired 1884. Glasgow merchant, resident in London. The Statue

has been given a prominent place in the gardens in the vicinity of Cleopatra's Needle on the Thames Embankment. It is the work of Sir John Steell, R.S.A., Her Majesty's Sculptor for Scotland, and is partly a replica of the New York and Dundee Statues, executed by the samne artist. The ceremony of unveiling the Statue was performed by the Earl of Rosebery.

Minute of Preliminary Meeting held in London, BURNS February, 1885.--It was resolved that a Federation of FEDERATION. the members of Burns clubs and societies throughout 1885. the world be formed, to be called the “Burns Federa

tion”; its motto to be, “A man's a man for a' that." The circular issued by the Federation to Burns Clubs and Scottish Societies, is reprinted at the beginning of the Directory in the present volume.

On Saturday, the 7th March, 1885, the Bust of Burns in the Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey, was unveiled

by the Earl of Rosebery in presence of a large and 1885. distinguished gathering. The bust, which is by Sir

John Steell, R.S.A., is erected on a corbel in the Poet's Corner.

Among the many objects of interest with which the city of Albany abounds, is the Burns Statue in Washing

ton Park, which was unveiled September 30th, 1888, 1888. but not completed in all its features till the insertion

in the pedestal of four tablets, on the 20th of April, 1891. Mary M‘Pherson, an eccentric old maid resident in Albany, died on the 6th February, 1886, leaving the bulk of her fortune (40,000 dollars) to be devoted to the erection of a monument to Robert Burns. The sculptor selected was Mr. Charles Calverley.

On Thursday, 8th July, 1891, the town of Ayr fulfilled a long incumbent duty. Twelve Scottish sculptors

were invited to submit models for a Statue, and, these 1891. having been obtained, the committee, who had the

valuable guidance of Mr. Hamo Thorneycroft, R. A., in making their selection, unanimously chose the design sent in by Mr. G. A. Lawson, H.R. S. A., sculptor, London.

A meeting of the Executive Council of the Burns

Federation was convened in Kilmarnock on FRIDAY, CHRONICLE AND 4th September, 1891. Ex-Provost STURROCK, late

M.P. for the Kilmarnock Burghs, presided. Mr. DIRECTORY, COLIN RAE-BROWN moved that the Burns Federation 1891. should issue an annual Burns Chronicle, the first number

of which to appear in January next: which was agreed to. It was further agreed that the first Chronicle should be issued in an octavo magazine form, of such dimensions as the Editor may determine, full power being left to the Editor to conduct the journal as a Burnsiana repository, and introduce any original literary matter or correspondence which he may consider worthy of publication.

A Statue of the Poet was unveiled in Aberdeen on September 15th, 1892, in presence of an immense con

course of spectators. The ceremony was performed by MEMORIAL. Professor Masson, of Edinburgh. The sculptor was 1892. Henry Bainsmith, a native of Aberdeen, resident in







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born.... 28th Septeniber, 1760...... died.... 8th April, 1827. Agnes ....30th September, 1762.

8th April, 1834. Annabella ....14th November, 1764

....2nd March, 1832. William ....30th July, 1767

24th July, 1790. John.. .... 10th July, 1769

24th July, 1783. Isabella 27th June, 1771

4th Dec. 1858. GILBERT'S CHILDREN. Gilbert Burns married Jean Breckenridge, (a relation of Sir Jaines Shaw), who was

born in Kilmarnock, 6th February, 1764. and had issue :William .born.... 15th May, 1792

died.. James ....14th April, 1794.

22nd June, 1847. Thomas 10th April, 1796..

23rd Jan., 1871. Robert.. .... 22nd November, 1797

1839. Janet 23rd May, 1799

30th Oct., 1816. Agnes .16th November, 1800

....11th Sept., 1815. John. 6th July, 1802

26th Feb., 1827. Gilbert.

24th December, 1803 Anne

12th September, 1805 Jean 8th June, 1807

4th Jan., 1827. Isabella ....17th May, 1809

3rd July, 1815. CHILDREN OF ISABELLA (MRS. BEGG.) William, born.... 29th July, 1794

.died.... 15th May, 1864. John, ....27th April, 1796

11th Oct., '1867.

(In Kilmarnock). Robert Burns,


25th July, 1876. Agnes Brown,

.17th April, 1800 Gilbert,

.16th February, 1802 Jane Breckenridge, ....16th April, 1804.

7th July, 1822. Isabella Burns,

....27th April, 1806 James Hope,.. 2nd February, 1809

2nd Nov., 1840. Edward Hamilton, ..12th August, 1811

2nd May, 1824. GRAND-CHILDREN OF MRS. BEGG. John Begg, eldest son of Robert Burns Begg, Schoolmaster of Kinross, became partner in Kinneil Ironworks, Linlithgow, and died 28th September, 1878.

Robert Burns Begg, fourth son of Robert Burns Begg, born 1st May, 1833, is a Solicitor in good practice in Kinross.

THE POET'S ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN. Elizabeth Burns (dear-bought Bess), daughter of Elizabeth Paton, was born in November, 1784; married John Bishop, overseer at Polkemmet, and died on January 8th, 1817, leaving several children.

Elizabeth Burns, daughter of Ann Park (a niece of Mrs. Hyslop of the Globe Tavern, Dumfries), was born on 31st March, 1791 ; married John Thomson, a retired soldier; and had issue :

Jean Armour Thomson,
Robert Burns Thomson,
Agnes Thomson,
James Thomson,
Eliza Thomson,
Sarah Thomson,

Maggie Thomson.
Agnes became Mrs. Watson; Eliza became Mrs. M‘Lellan; and Maggie, the wife of
Mr. David Wingate, the well-known Scottish Poet.

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OBERT BURNS was by nature a scrupulous stickler

for truth. He has told us himself that, though he

could sin, he could not lie; and the boast is justified by the tenor of his writings about himself. Not only was he truthful ; he was frank to a fault. Those who have had occasion to examine the accounts Poets have given of themselves, must agree that Burns's autobiography, as communicated in 1787 to Dr. Moore, attains an almost unique nobility in its straightforwardness and independence. Even with regard to his "fillettes," as he terms his sweethearts, he usually displays a candour that is surprising. The autobiography and the other statements of more fragmentary character in which Burns makes his confessions, roundly tell the story of nearly every one of his love affairs. Where his indications were slight, they have been generally supplemented by information afforded by his relatives, or by evidence proudly gathered by the friends of the girls whom he courted.

In the case of “Highland Mary” alone, this candour of Burns and his friends, as well as the friends of his sweetheart, is strikingly absent. If Mary was a paragon of rustic gentleness, we should expect to find that her contemporaries would have been loud in their praises of her. Even had it been necessary for Burns silently to conceal the warmth of his devout attachment to Mary, her character must have impressed itself on others so markedly that impressions of her sayings and doings would be committed to lasting tradition, if not to writing. Her own relations, at any rate, would be intensely proud of their "tight, outlandish hizzie's” being elevated by the Poet to a throne in literature, and in the hearts of men. If the story of Mary's brief love affair was as it has been represented, it would have been the most natural thing in the world for her mother, or her sister, or her brothers, to come forward, at Burns's death, if not before, with a full and reliable account of their Mary, now so famous. Instead of receiving from Burns, or his relatives, or Mary's relatives, a clear account of her who inspired “To Mary in Heaven," we find that all concerned in Mary's story have exhibited the most manifest


anxiety to conceal the facts, and prevent posterity from gaining any certain knowledge of them. As for the part that Burns himself took in wilfully shrouding the case in mystery, it is sufficient to say here that for once he forsook candour, inasmuch as he omitted to refer to Mary when we should most have expected him to mention her; and for once he did not tell the whole truth, inasmuch as, when at length he did venture to refer to this sweetheart, he threw out a hint intended to deprive her of the part she really played in the greatest crisis of his life.

First, then, let us venture to examine Burns himself about Mary Campbell. It is not disputed by any of his recent biographers that in April, 1786, Burns and the Armours had a quarrel ; that within a few days of the quarrel Jean went away to Paisley ; that thereafter Burns had frequent meetings with Mary Campbell; that in this period he wrote about Mary Campbell the poem entitled “Will ye go to the Indies, my

" Mary?" "Afton Water," and "My Highland Lassie 0;" and that on the second Sunday of May (the 14th) Burns and Mary exchanged Bibles, plighted their troth, and bade each other what proved to be their last farewell. We likewise know that during this very period Burns was preparing his poetry for publication at Kilmarnock. At the time when his estrangement with the Armours was at its bitterest—that is to say, at the end of Julythe Kilmarnock edition of the poems appeared. Did “Will ye go to the Indies, my Mary ? ” find a place in this book, or “Afton Water,'* or "My Highland Lassie"? With the keenest


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* Modern editors print this exquisite song as "Sweet Afton.” I cannot imagine why they have abandoned the title given to it by Burns (see “Johnson's Museum and Currie's Edition)—“Afton Water," surely as sweet a name as ever made a luxury for the lips. I am almost certain that in the original draft Burns wrote Ayr Water, not Afton Water. Gilbert says the song was written about “Highland Mary," who dwelt by the Ayr, which was (as the song informs us) the "theme of his lays." Burns had no sweetheart near the Afton; nor had he any association at all with the Afton; nor does the Afton “wind” as the song says. We know that when in the neighbourhood of Stairaird, Burns visited Mrs Stewart of Stair, who had a property at Glen Afton, near New Čumnock. He would hear the name “ Afton" at Stair, and instantly appropriate it for future use, being a lover of euphonious names. When he contributed the song to the “Museum,” it suited him to veil the connexion of Mary with the neighbourhood of the Ayr: here was an additional reason for changing Ayr Water to Afton Water. In Burns's correspondence we find one of several instances in which he abandoned exact geography for fine sound; this instance is apposite, inasmuch as it deals with the name of the Girvan, a stream near the Ayr, and the Lugar, a stream very near the Afton. Burns writes—“In the printed copy of 'My Nannie, O!' (where the name Stinchar originally occurred] the name of the river is horridly prosaic. I will alter it :Behind yon


-flows. Girvan is the river that suits the idea of the stanza best; but “Lugar" is the most agreeable modulation of syllables.” Accordingly Lugar was adopted. (See Chambers's 1856 edition, in which that editor treats" Afton Water

as & poem about Mary.)

hills where { Girvan

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