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ADVERTISEMENT TO THE PRESENT EDITION.

A NEW Edition of the Works of Mr. The orthography has been in many cases Burke having been called for by the Public, altered, and an attempt made to reduce it to the opportunity has been taken to make some some certain standard. The rule laid down slight changes, it is hoped for the better. for the discharge of this task was, that when

A different distribution of the contents, ever Mr. Burke could be perceived to have while it has made the volumes more nearly been uniform in his mode of spelling, that was equal in their respective bulk, has, at the considered as decisive; but, where he varied, same time, been fortunately found to produce a (and as he was in the habit of writing by dicmore methodical arrangement of the whole. tation, and leaving to others the superintenThe first volume contains those literary and dance of the press, he was peculiarly liable to philosophical works by which Mr. Burke was variations of this sort) the best received avknown, previous to the commencement of his thorities were directed to be followed. The public life as a statesman, and the political reader, it is trusted, will find this object, too pieces which were written by him between much disregarded in modern books, has here the time of his first becoming connected with been kept in view throughout. The quotations the Marquis of Rockingham, and his being which are interspersed through the works of chosen Member for Bristol. In the second Mr. Burke, and which were frequently made are comprehended all his speeches and pamph- by him from memory, have been generally lets from his first arrival at Bristol, as a can compared with the original authors. Several didate, in the year 1774, to his farewell address mistakes in printing, of one word for another, from the bustings of that city, in the year by which the sense was either perverted or 1780; and also what he himself published obscured, are now rectified. Two or threo relative to the affairs of India. The remain small insertions have also been made from a ing two comprize his works since the French quarto copy corrected by Mr. Burke himself. revolution, with the exception of the Letter to From the same source something more has Lord Kenmare on the Penal Laws against been drawn in the shape of notes, to which are Irish Catholics, which was probably inserted subscribed his initials. Of this number is the where it stands from its relation to the subject explanation of that celebrated phrase, “the of the Letter addressed by him, at a later swinish multitude;" an explanation which was period, to Sir Hercules Langrishe. With the uniformly given by him to his friends, in consame exception, too, strict regard has been versation on the subject. But another note paid to chronological order, which, in the last will probably interest the reader still more, as edition, was in some instances broken, to insert being strongly expressive of that parental affecpieces that were not discovered till it was too tion which formed so amiable a feature in the Late to introduce them in their proper places. character of Mr. Burke. It is in “ Reflec

In the Appendix to the Speech on the Nabob tions on the Revolution in France," Vol. III of Arcot's Debts, the references were found to where he points out a considerable passage as be confused, and, in many places, erroneous. having been supplied by his "lost son." SeThis probably had arisen from the circum- veral other parts, possibly amounting all togestance that a larger and differently constructed ther to a page or thereabout, were indicated in Appendix seems to have been originally de- the same manner ; but, as they in general signed by Mr. Burko, which, however, he consist of single sentences, and as the meanafterwards abridged and altered, while the ing of the mark by which they were distin speech and the notes upon it remained as they guished was not actually expressed, it has were. The text and the documents that sup- not been' thought necessary to notice them port it have throughout been accommodated to particularly. cach other

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PREFACE.

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BEFORE the philosophical works of Lord are the doctrines which, sometimes concealed, BOLINGBROKE had appeared, great things sometimes openly and fully avowed, are found were expected from the leisure of a man, who to prevail throughout the writings of Lord from the splendid scene of action, in which his BOLING BROKE ; and such are the reasonings talents had enabled him to make so conspicu- which this noble writer and several others have ous a figure, had retired to employ those talents been pleased to dignify with the name of phiin the investigation of truth. Philosophy be- losophy. If these are delivered in a specious gan to congratulate herself upon such a prose- manner, and in a style above the common, they lyte from the world of business, and hoped to cannot want a number of admirers of as much have extended her power under the auspices of docility as can be wished for in disciples. To such a leader. In the midst of these pleasing these the editor of the following little piece has expectations, the works themselves at last ap- addressed it: there is no reason to conceal the peared in full body, and with great pomp. design of it any longer. Those who searched in them for new discover- The design was, to shew that, without the ies in the mysteries of nature; those who ex- exertion of any considerable forces, the same pected something which might explain or direct engines which were employed for the destructhe operations of the mind; those who hopod tion of religion, might be employed with equal to see morality illustrated and enforced; those success for the subversion of government; and who looked for new helps to society and go- that specious arguments might be used against vernment; those who desired to see the cha- those things which they, who doubt of every racters and passions of mankind delineated; thing else, will never permit to be questioned. in short, all who consider such things as phi- It is an observation which I think Isocrates losophy, and require some of them at least, in makes in one of his orations against the every philosophical work, all these were cer- sophists, that it is far more easy to maintain a tainly disappointed; they found the landmarks wrong cause, and to support paradoxical opiof science precisely in their former places, mions to the satisfaction of a common auditory, and they thought they received but a poor re- than to establish a doubtful truth by solid and compense for this disappointment, in seeing conclusive arguments. When men find that every mode of religion attacked in a lively something can be said in favour of what, on manner, and the foundation of every virtue, the very proposal, they have thought utterly and of all government, sapped with great art indefensible, they grow doubtful of their own and much ingenuity. What advantage do wo reason; they are thrown into a sort of pleasing derive from such writings? What delight can surprize; they run along with the speaker, a man find in employing a capacity which charmed and captivated to find.such a plentiful might be usefully exerted for the noblest pur- harvest of reasoning, where all seemed barren poses, in a sort of sullen labour, in which, if and unpromising. This is the fairy land of the author could succeed, he is obliged to own, philosophy. And it very frequently happens, that nothing could be more fatal to mankind that those pleasing impressions on the imaginathan his success?

tion, subsist and produce their effect, even I cannot conceive how this sort of writers after the understanding has been satisfied of propose to compass the designs they pretend to their unsubstantial nature. There is a sort of have in view, by the instruments which they gloss upon ingenious falsehoods, that dazzles employ. Do they pretend to exalt the mind of the imagination, but which neither belongs to, man, by proving him no better than a beast ? nor becomes the sober aspect of truth. I have Do they think to enforce the practice of virtue, met with a quotation in Lord Coke's reports by denying that vice and virtue are distin- that pleased me very much, though I do not guished by good or ill fortune here, or by hap- know from whence be has taken it: “ Interdum piness or misery hereafter? Do they imagine fucata fulsitas, (says he,) in multis est probathey shall increase our piety, and our reliance bilior, et sæpe rationibus vincit nudam veritatem." on God, by exploding his providence, and in- In such cases, the writer has a certain fire and sisting that he is neither just nor good? Such alacrity inspired into him by a consciousness

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