« PredošláPokračovať »
Biron. Things hid and barr’d (you mean) from com
Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study fo,
When I to fealt exprefly am forbid ; (1)
When mistresses from common sense are hid :
King. These be the stops, that hinder study quite;
Biron. Why, all delights are vain; but that most vain, Which, with pain purchas’d, doth inherit pain ; As, painfully to pore upon a book,
To feek the light of truth ; while truth the while
Light, seeking light, doth light of light beguile ;
By fixing it upon a fairer eye;.
And give him light, that it was blinded by:
That will not be deep search'd with fawcy looks ; (1) When I to fast exprefly am forbid.) This is the Reading of all the Copies in general ; but I would fain ask our accula rate Editors, if Biron ftudied where to get a good Dinner, at a time when he was forbid to fast, how was This studying to know what he was forbid to know ? Common Sense, and the whole Tenour of the Context require us to read, either as I have restor’d; or to make a Change in the last Word of the Verse, which will bring us to the same Meaning;
When I to fast exprefly am fore-bid; i. e, when I am enjoin'd beforehand to faft.
Small have continual plodders ever won,
Save base authority from others' books. These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights,
That give a name to every fixed star, Have no more profit of their shining nights,
Than those that walk and wot not what they are. Too much to know, is to know nought but fame ; And every godfather can give a name.
King How well he's read, to reason against reading! Dum. Proceeded well, to stop all good proceeding. Long. He weeds the corn, and still lets grow the
weeding Biron. The spring is near, when green geese are a
That bites the first-born infants of the spring. Biron. Well ; fay, I am ; why should proud fummer
Before the birds have any cause to sing? Why should I joy in an abortive birth ? (2)
At (2). "Why should I joy in an abortive Birth :
At Christmas I no more defire a Rose,
But like of each Thing, that in Season grows.] As the greatest part of this Scene (both what precedes and follows ;) is strictly in Rhymes, either successive, alternate, or triple ; I am perswaded, the Copyists have made a Nip here. For by making a Triplet of the three laft Lines quoted, Birth in the Close of the first Line is quite deftitute of any Rhyme to it. Besides, what a displeasing Identity of Sound recurs in the Middle and Close of this Verse?
Than wish a Snow in May's new-fangled Shows, Again; new-fangled Shows seems to have very little Propriety. The Flowers are not new-fangled; but the Earth is new-fangled by the Profusion and Variety of the Flowers, that spring on its Bosom in May. I have therefore ventur'd to subftitutc,
At Christmas I no more desire a rose,
King. Well, fit you out — Go home, Biron : Adieu !
Biron. No, my good lord, I've sworn to stay with you.. And though I have for barbarism spoke more,
Than for that angel knowledge you can say ;
And 'bide the penance of each three years' day.
King. How well this yielding rescues thee from shame!
Biron. Item, That no woman shall come within a mile of my Court,
[reading, Hath this been proclaimed ?
Long. Four days ago.
Biron. Let's see the penalty. On pain of losing her tongue :
[reading Who devis'd this penalty ?
Long. Marry, that did I.
Earth, in the Close of the 3d Line, which reftores the aliera nate Measure. It was very easy for a negligent Transcriber to be deceiv'd by the Rhyme immediately preceding; so mistake the concluding word in the sequent Line, and corrupt it into One that would chime with the other.
(3) A dangerous Law against Gentility.) I have ventur'd to prefix the Name of Biron to this Line, it being evident, for two Reasons, that it, by some Accident or other, lipe out of the printed Books. In the first place, Longaville confesses, he: had devis’d the Penalty: and why he fould immediately ar.. raign it as a dangerous Law, seems to be very inconfiftent. La the next place, it is much more natural for Beton to make this Reflexion, who is cavilling at every thing; and then fos: him to pursue his acading over the remaining Articles..
Item, [reading]. If any man be seen to talk with a woman within the term of three Years, he shall endure such publick shame as the rest of the Court can possibly devise.
This article, my liege, your self must break;
For, well you know, here comes in embassy
A maid of grace and compleat majesty,
To her decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father : Therefore this article is made in vain,
Or vainly comes th' admired Princess hither. King. What say you, lords ? why, this was quite for,
King. We must of force, dispense with this decree,
Three thousand times within this three years' space : For every man with his affects is born:
Not by might master'd, but by special grace.
And he, that breaks them in the least degree,
Suggestions are to others, as to me; But, I believe, although I seem so loth, I am the last that will last keep his oath. As to the Word Gentility, here, it does not signify that Rank of People call'd, Gentry; but what the French express by, gentiteses, i. e. elegantia, urbanitas. And then the Meaning is this. Such a Law, for banishing Women from the Court, is dangerous, or injurious, to Politeness, Vrbanity, and the more refin'd Pleasures of Life. For Men without Women would turn brutal, and savage, in their Natures and Behaviour,
But is there no quick recreation granted ?
With a refined traveller of Spain,
That hath a mint of phrases in his brain ::
Doth ravish, like inchanting harmony :
Have chose as umpire of their mutiny.
For interim to our Studies, shall relate
From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate.
minstrelfie. Biron. Armado is a moft illustrious wight, A man of fire-new words, fashion's own Knight.
Long. Costard the fwain, and he, shall be our sport; And, fo to study, three years are but short.
Enter Dull and Costard with a letter, Dall. Which is the King's own person ? (4) Biron. This, fellow ; what would'ft?
Dull. I my self reprehend his own person, for I am his Grace's Tharborough : but I would see his own person in flesh and blood..
Biron. This is he. Dull. Signior Arme, — Armecommends you. There's villany abroad ; this letter will tell you more.
Coff. Sir, the Contempts thereof are as touching me... King. A letter from the magnificent Armado.
(4) Dull, which is the Duke's own person ?] The King of Navarre is in several Passages, thio' all the Copies, call’d the Duke : but as this must have sprung sather from the Inadvertence of the Editors, than a Forgetfulness in the Poet, I have: every where, to avoid Confution, reford K ing to the Text.