Obrázky na stránke

Rivality, being equal in rank and authority.
Rive, to burst, to fire, to discharge.
Road, roadstead, a bay or haven.
Romage, bustle, general commotion.
Rome, very frequently pronounced Room.
Rondure, a circumference, the globe.

Rood, the cross, or crucifix, used in churches.
Rook, to squat or roost.

Ropery, rope-tricks, ribaldry, roguery.

Rother, a horned beast, as an ox, a cow, &c.
Round, candid, outspoken; rounding, whispering.
Roundel, a song or dance.

Roynish, scurvy, scabby; paltry, mean.

Ruddock, a name for the robin redbreast.

Ruff, the top of the boot turned over.

Ruffle, to flutter, to riot, to promote disorder.
Rule the roast, to take the leading part.

Rushling, rustling.

Ruth, pity, compassion.

Sacrificial, corresponding to the solemnity of worship. Sacring-bell, the bell rung on the consecration of the host. Sad, grave, thoughtful; sadly, with seriousness. Safe, to make safe, to furnish a safeguard. Sagg, to hang heavy, to be burdened, in doubt. Sagittary, supposed by some to be an inn bearing that sign; thought by Mr. Knight to be the official residence of the Commander-in-chief of the Venetian army and navy: the figure of an archer with his bow drawn being over the gate of that residence.

Sain, used for said.

Sallet, a herb (salad) eaten with salt; also, a helmet.
Sallets, piquant sayings; jests.

Salt, lascivious.

Saltiers, a corrupted form of satyrs.

Salute, to move, to excite, to exhilarate.

Samingo, the burden of an old drinking song.

Sans, without.

Savage, wild, uncultivated; savageness, wildness.

Say, a kind of silk; 'say, to assay, to attempt.
Scale, to separate, to disperse.

Scaled, scattered, dispersed; weighted, over-reached.
Scaling, weighing, balancing.

Scall, leprosy, baldness; a word used reproachfully.
Scamble, to be turbulent, to scramble.

Scambling, grabbing; unsettled, disorderly.

Scamel, perhaps sea-mell, or sea-mew.
Scantling, a small piece of wood; a portion.
Scapes, escapades, faults, misdeeds.
Sconce, the head; a small fort.

Scotch, a severe, though not mortal, wound.
Scrimer, an adroit fencer.

Scull, shoal of fish; still called school in Cornwall.
Scut, the tail of a deer or hare.

Seals, acts, deeds, confirming words previously spoken.
Seam, lard, fat.

Secret, sacred, set apart, consecrated.

Sect, a scion, a section or cutting; a political faction.
Securely, with overmuch confidence.

Security, carelessness.

Seel, to close up, as closing up the eyes of a hawk.
Sennet, a sounding of trumpets; a flourish.

Sensible, substantial, palpable, possessing sensation.
Septentrion, the north.

Set forth, to enlarge upon, to describe; used ironically.
Set up his rest, to stake all.

Setter, a watcher confederate with thieves.
Several, separate, private; multiplied.

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Shadowing passion, sorrow preternaturally indicated.
Shame, for shame," for the sake of decency.
Shards, fragments; scaly wings of the beetle.
Sheaf, quality, characteristic disposition.

Sheep, pronounced ship, the subject of many puns.
Shive, or shave, a slice, as of bread.

Shoughs, dogs with very shaggy coats.

Shovel-board, a broad shilling, in game of shove-groat. Shrew'd, mischievous, of a shrewish spirit.

Siege, seat, office, place.

Sights, eye-holes in a helmet.

Sightless, not visible; unpleasant to see, repulsive.

Signiory, lordship, government.

Silly-sooth, homely, plain truth.

Simular, simulated, deceitful.

Sir-reverence, Save your Reverence, a form of apology, used as a preface to objectionable expressions.

Sirs, sirce, an old form of addressing the female sex.
Sith, since, as; sithence, since then.

Sizes, allowances for expenses, as at school or college.
Skimble-skamble, wild, wandering, confused.

Skirr, to scour, to run in haste.

Sliver, to break off, to slice, to divide lengthwise.
Slops, loose knee-breeches.

Slubber, to perform work carelessly, clumsily.
Smirched, polluted, clouded, sullied.

Sneaping, checking, nipping.

Snipe, a small bird, a blockhead, a fool.

Solidity, "this solidity and compound mass," the earth. Sonnet, sonneteer, Love's Labour's Lost, i. 2, vol. iii. 203. Sorel, a buck over two years old.

Sort, rank, status; sort, to choose, to arrange.

Soul-fearing, that which makes the soul afraid, appalling. Sound, a narrow sea.

Sowle, to pull out by the ears.

Spavin, a disease of horses, a bony excrescence growing

on the inside of the hough.

Sped, done, decided, finished.

Sperr, to shut in, to confine.

Spilth, anything spilt or wasted.

Spleen, humour, caprice; eager haste.

Sprag, acute, apt to learn, of quick natural parts.
Spring, a shoot, a sprig; the beginning.

Springhalt, stringhalt, a spasmodic affection of the

muscles of the hind leg in horses.

Spurs, deep roots of trees.

Square, regular, just, honest; to square, to quarrel.
Squash, peascod not matured.

Squire, square, a rule, from équerre, or esquierre, French.
Stale, old, past use; a decoy, a stalking-horse.

Stannyel, the common stone-hawk.

Stark, stiff, strong; starkly, in the highest degree.
Starve, sterve, to perish with hunger or cold.

States, personages of elevated station.

Statue, applied to a painted portrait, as well as to sculpture. Statues, used by Dogberry for statutes; Much Ado about Nothing, iii. 3, vol. iii., p. 49. In some copies the word is printed, in error, statutes.

Stelled, engraved, fixed.

Sterling, true, genuine, from Sterling money, as that current among merchants was generally denominated: supposed to be so named from the Easterling merchants.

Stickler, an umpire or arbitrator in quarrels.
Stigmatic, deformed, marked, stigmatized.
Stone-bow, a cross-bow for throwing stones.
Stoop, or stoup, a cup or drinking measure.

Strain, descent; song, sound of music; disposition.
Strain courtesy, to, to fight shy of a post of difficulty.
Strait, narrow, grasping; straited, in perplexity.

Strappado, a kind of rack; chastisement by blows.
Strike, to take advantage of circumstances.

Strike sail, to submit.

Stuff, baggage of a person or army; substance, essence.
Subscribe, to agree to, to yield, to succumb.

Success, succession, sequence, that which follows.
Successively, in order of succession.

Sumpter, a horse that carries clothes, furniture, or pro


Surcease, to cease, to come to an end.
Sur-reined, ridden too much, overworked.

Swab, a mop; swabber, one who cleans the ship's decks. Swarth, or swath, the quantity cut down at one stroke of the scythe.

Swathing clothes, swaddling clothes.
Swinge-buckler, a riotous person, a bully.

Sword, to swear by the sword was held a very solemn form of oath by some northern nations.

Swound, old form of swoon.

Sympathy, parity, equality of rank or position.

Table, a picture; tablet or note-book; palm of the hand. Tag, a piece of metal at the point of a lace; the mob. Take, to strike with weakness or disease, to bewitch. Take out, to make a copy or imitation.

Taking up, buying goods on credit.

Tallow-ketch, or keech, a lump of ox-fat, or tallow.

Tang, to twang, to make a ringing sound.

Tanling, tanned or browned by the sun.

Tarre, to stimulate, to incite.

Tartar, Tartarus, the infernal regions.

Tassel-gentle, an elegant and highly-trained hawk.

Taxation, censure, satirical style of remark.

Temperance, used for temperature.

Tender, to hold in tender regard.

Tender hefted, susceptible to tenderness.

Tercel, the male hawk.

Testern, to give a tester or sixpence to any one.

Than, used for then, to harmonise the rhyme, in Rape

of Lucrece, vol. xiii., p. 189.

Thills, the shafts of a cart or waggon.

Thirdborough, tharborough, an under-constable.
Thrasonical, bombastical, bragging.

Three-man-beetle, an implement for driving piles, worked

by three men.

Three-man-song-men, the three singers in a trio.

Three-pile, rich three-pile velvet.

Thrum, the end of weavers' threads; coarse yarn.
Tickle-brain, some strong intoxicating liquor.
Tight, active, handy; tightly, promptly.
Tilth, tillage, husbandry, cultivation.

Time of day, to give the, to offer friendly salutation.
Timeless, in the sense of untimely, premature.

Tire, to seize, to tear, as the hawk does with its talons. Title (of a peace), preface, first proceedings, in reference to the restoration of peace.

To-friend, to-spend, &c., an emphatic mode of expression. Tomboy, a masculine, forward girl.

Too too, out of measure, excessively.

Touch, test for precious metals; sympathy.

Touse, to pull about, to drag.

Toward, in preparation, nearly ready.

Toze, to draw out, to pull asunder, as in carding wool.
Trade, custom, ordinary course.

Tranect, a ferry.

Trash, to check the hounds.

Travail, arduous labour, toil, work.

Treaties, entreaties.

Trick, peculiarity of voice or feature.

Tricked, blazoned, painted, as in heraldry.

Triple, used for a third, one of three.

Triumphs, celebration of triumphs, masques, revels.
Trojan, a thief, a slang epithet.

Trol-my-dames (French, trou-madame), a game.
Tropically, by way of trope or figure, metaphorically.
True men, faithful, honest men.

Tucket, tucket-sonance, a flourish on a trumpet.
Turk, to turn, to change one's religion, to apostatise.
Tviggen-bottle, a bottle made of wicker-work, or small

Tyring, attiring, dressing, adorning.

Tything, the smallest division of a county, consisting of ten families, subordinate to the hundred.

Unaneled, dying without receiving extreme unction. Unbated, unblunted, not prepared for fencing, applied to

a weapon.

Unbolt, to open the method and meaning, to disclose.
Unbolted, not passed through a sieve, coarse.

Unbonneted, irrespective of conventional distinctions of rank, official position, &c.

Unbraided, not damaged, not faded.

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