Obrázky na stránke

From Le Pêle-Mêle (Paris)

Mackinney in the Cape Times (Cape Town, South Africa)

[ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Young Jonathan: “Say, Uncle, what did you do in the great war?


Louis Raemaekers in the Telegraaf (Imsterdam)

[ocr errors]

Lomoeken. The Burglar to the Police : "Say, boys, how about peace ?"





any justice in this action ? Thus, during the present war, effective action in this regard does not seem practicable to us.

The Argentine initiative is also significant in another direction. Hitherto South American trade has been larger with Europe than with this country. Now, however, its trade with Europe is lessening and with this country is increasing. Hence this is naturally reflected in a greater interest in inter-American trade both in North and South America.


has been no consequence other than the evidence that, though American solidarity exists, it is not developed enough to translate itself into immediate and efficient action.

Yet, as this latest letter contends, it is necessary to defend the rights and peace of this continent, since principles have been repudiated which before the present war had governed neutral commerce. As in 1914 the Museo called attention to the case of the English steamer Vandyck, sunk by a German cruiser, so now it refers to the case of the Presidente Mitre, which formed part of the Argentine merchant feet, under the flag and protection of the Argentine Government, and engaged in the coasting trade between Argentine ports. The vessel was owned by a German company. The English captor of the Mitre justified his deed by a British Government decree renouncing the Declaration of London of 1909, which had been signed by delegates at London from the principal maritime powers and which emphasized the principle of respect to a neutral flag irrespective of the nationality of its owner.

In consequence of these events, the Museo proposes the immediate organization of all of the neutral nations of America to demand from the belligerents :

1. Adherence to the rules of maritime law with regard to neutrals, including the Declaration of London.

2. An agreement that the domestic maritime commerce of American countries shall always be considered as inter-American coast shipping when it takes place between the ports of non-belligerent countries, and that the merchant shipping in this category shall always be considered neutral even though under flags of countries which are at war.

As the Pan-American Union, holding its seat in Washington, is governed by the diplomatic representatives of all the American republics accredited to our own, the Museo suggests that the various American governments confide to the Union the task of organizing united action, fully empowering it to act definitely for them.

The Outlook feels it desirable to report this contribution to the idea that there ought to be neutral waters, outside the three-mile limit, just as there are neutral lands. The American governments might agree, for instance, that German or other foreign owned vessels should ply unmolested between New York and Buenos Aires. But how about England or France ? Would they recognize


Under this striking title the George H. Doran Company, of New York, publishes this week a new book by Theodore Roosevelt, which discusses the new National and international questions that will form the basis, we believe, of the coming Presidential campaign.: “ This book," says Mr. Roosevelt, " is based primarily upon and mainly consists of matter contained in articles I have written in the Metropolitan Magazine' during the past fourteen months.” An appendix contains some public statements, an address on

Americanism," and a reprint of a speech in the Senate by Senator Poindexter, which gives at some length the record of Mr. Roosevelt, extending over a public life of more than thirty years, on the question of preparedness. This Senatorial statement constitutes a historical record of real value to the student of American public affairs.

The book abounds in sentences of the kind that have given Mr. Roosevelt an international reputation as a phrase-maker. Such, for example, are the titles of some of the chapters: “Uncle Sam's Only Friend Is Uncle Sam, ”. “ The Sound of Laughter and of Playing Children Has Been Stilled in Mexico,” and “When Is an American Not an American ?" One chapter relates the history of the Japanese in Korea, and another restates Mr. Roosevelt's position with regard to Colombia and the Panama Cana!.

Mr. Roosevelt asserts again that he is essentially a peace man when peace can be maintained with justice and honor, and that he advocates preparedness, not for war, but against war: “ Preparedness against war is

: the only efficient form of national peace insurance.His view of the civic service of the man who is trained to defend his country, as the Swiss or Australian citizen is trained, is keenly expressed as follows: "Recently, in certain circles, some popularity has been



achieved by a song entitled · I Didn't Raise been comparatively recent in the South, the My Boy to be a Soldier

—a song which ought evils of child labor have been more marked always to be sung with a companion piece and opposition to child labor legislation has entitled 'I Didn't Raise My Girl to be a been more vigorous there than in the North. Mother. The two would stand on precisely It is therefore gratifying to note that the the same moral level." We do not know of a delegations of only two States voted solidly better brief passage to quote from the book as against this bill, and in the two Southern typical of its whole spirit than the following: States of Tennessee and Alabama the major

A war can be defined as violence between ity of the delegations voted in favor of the nations, as the use of force between nations. It bill. But more significant still is the fact is analogous to violence between individuals that this present Congress is to very within a nation-using violence in a large sense large degree under the control of Southern as equivalent to the use of force. When this

Democrats, who are supposed to be espefact is clearly grasped, the average citizen will

cially jealous of States' rights, and yet the be spared the mental confusion he now suffers

vote in favor of this bill was 337 to 46. The because he thinks of war as in itself wrong. War, like peace, is properly a means to an

bill has now been referred to the Committee end-rigliteousness. Neither war nor peace is

on Inter-State Commerce in the Senate. in itself righteous, and neither should be treated

The chairman of this Committee, Senator as of itself the end to be aimed at. Righteous- Newlands, is understood to be in favor of ness is the end.

Righteousness when trium- the bill. phant brings peace; but peace may not bring This bill was passed by the House of righteousness. Whether war is right or wrong Representatives in the last Congress, but it depends purely upon the purpose for which, and

was not reported in the Senate in time to be the spirit in which, it is waged. ... The police brought up in the regular order, and there. man who risks and perhaps loses or takes life in dealing with an Anarchist or white-slaver or

fore its consideration in the Senate would black-hander or burglar or highwayman must

have required unanimous consent. This be justified or condemned on precisely the same unanimity it was of course impossible to principles which require us to differentiate obtain. This year it is hoped that the Comamong wars and to condemn unstintedly cer- mittee will report it in time for action. tain nations in certain wars and equally without Federal control of child labor is the only stint to praise other nations in certain other fair control. So long as child labor is left to

be dealt with by the States separately, those To this doctrine The Outlook most heartily States which have stringent laws assume a subscribes. For thirty years Mr. Roosevelt burden on behalf of humanity which comhas been a fighter in public life, but never a peting States do not assume. This results in jingo, and we believe he is entitled to claim the imposition of a penalty upon the State that his own record proves that deeds are as that adopts humane legislation. Federal essential as words in maintaining a righteous regulation of this sort makes it impossible for peace.

the State that avoids the burden of this

humane legislation to undersell the State that IN DEFENSE OF

assumes the burden. Justice to the States THE CHILDREN

as well as justice to the children demands A victory for the principle of Federal the enactment of the Keating-Owen Bill. control of child labor was won when, on February 2, the United States House of

CONGRESS AND Representatives passed the Keating-Owen PREPAREDNESS Child Labor Bill.

The House of Representatives has done This bill forbids inter-State commerce in another good deed in promptly passing withgoods made by children or with the help of out a dissenting vote two preparedness bills, children under fourteen years of age if em- which to some may seem of relatively minor ployed in factories, and under sixteen years importance. The significance, however, is of age if employed in mines or quarries, and not in the nature of the bills, but in the disunder sixteen years of age whether employed position of Congress towards defense measin factories, mines, or quarries if they are

Both bills have to do with the navy worked more than eight hours a day or at and both were Administration measures. night.

The first bill gives to each member of Since the development of factories has Congress the right to appoint three instead




of two midshipmen. The other bill appro- making a total of over $250,000. The Mupriates $100,000 for additional building ways seum thus projected has just been dedicated. at the New York Navy-Yard and $500,000 Museum directors, librarians, Government for the Mare Island Yard at San Francisco. officials, artists, men of letters, and journalists Without the enlargement of these ways the flocked to the ceremonies from all over battle-ships already provided by Congress Switzerland. Addresses were made upon cannot be built in the yards to which they education as well as upon art, and a clergyhave been assigned.

man of the city spoke of the Museum as a The provision for the increase in the shrine of a trinity most essential to human battalion of midshipmen is of vital importance life—for such a municipal museum is, he to any plans that may be adopted for enlarg said, “a veritable temple of the good, the ing the navy It takes longer to make an true, and the beautiful." officer than it does to build a battle-ship- The new Museum houses, among other and the commissioned personnel of our navy things, the public library above alluded to, a is inadequate in number even for our present gallery showing the historical development of needs.

Swiss painting, and an unusual collection of

the works of the French impressionists. One A SWISS MUSEUM OF

of the most generous donors to the Museum, THE ARTS AND SCIENCES

a citizen of Winterthur, said in his address It is pleasant, in the midst of the horrors that in contributing to this dowry for his of war, to get now and then unexpected native city he was only following the tradiglimpses of the intellectual and art life of tions of his fathers ; “ a happy tradition," Europe, which goes on in spite of the catas- comments the “ Journal de Genève," " which trophe that has overwhelmed the European future generations will do well not to forget.” countries, neutral as well as belligerent. A The achievement of this little Swiss city is recent issue of the Journal de Genèveall the more remarkable when it is rememgives an account of the opening, early in bered that the European war has seriously January, of a new municipal museum in the crippled and in some instances entirely proslittle Swiss city of Winterthur, which brings trated the industry and business of Switzersharply to mind the long road we Americans land. We can only add that we wonder with must travel before we attain the genuine regret how many cities of 25,000 population cultural life of many small European com- in the United States can be found which munities.

would raise and spend $250,000 for the creWinterthur is a railway and industrial ation of an institution designed solely to be a center of twenty-five thousand inhabitants in municipal temple of the good, the true, and the Canton of Zurich. But, says the “ Jour- the beautiful. nal de Genève,“this city, which one would suppose wholly devoted to the interests of industry and commerce, reveals itself, when Though he builded his tomb so well and so one comes really to know it, as deeply de- strongly of heavy limestone blocks that it voted to the achievements of science and has already stood more than forty-five hunart.” Quiet and unpretentious in external dred years, Perneb, an Egyptian dignitary, appearance, it possesses private and public who held high office under the King of collections of coins, medals, prints, engrav- Memphis, would be surprised to know of the ings, and paintings which entitle it to distinc- fame that his skillful building has brought tion. Its public library of more than seventy him among a later age of Western barbarians. thousand volumes is, from the point of view If the spirit of this flattery-loving Egyptian of age, the fifth in all Switzerland.

In 1909 is still abroad, how it must swell with pride the Municipal Council, although the city at the sight of the thousands of strangely already possessed a small but excellent Mu- clothed human creatures that daily visit the seum of the Fine Arts, began to consider tomb which now stands in the Metropolitan whether the municipality ought not to have Museum of Art in New York City! a complete modern museum in which all the Perneb's tomb was discovered in 1907 by collections of the city could be assembled Mr. J. E. Quibell, Director of the Governunder one roof. Private donors contributed ment Excavations at Sakkara. Thanks to 700,000 francs to the project, and the city the generosity of Mr. Edward S. Harkness, government appropriated 600,000 francs, a trustee of the Metropolitan Museum, it


« PredošláPokračovať »