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the country is its natural bulwark and would will have to break the promise it made in be at all times equal to the national defense. solemn treaty to Spain and by its course in This doctrine, in substance, had like to have eighteen years to the Filipinos and to Amerilost us our independence. ... The steady cans in the Philippines. Certainly nothing operations of war against a regular and dis- could injure the reputation of this country ciplined army can only be successfully con- for keeping its word and observing its obliducted by a force of the same kind. Con- gations more than to make one promise siderations of economy, not less than of which will either have to be broken or will stability and vigor, confirm this position.... necessitate the breaking of another promise. War, like most other things, is a science to When the United States ended its war be acquired and perfected by diligence, by with Spain, it signed a protocol declaring, perseverance, by time, and by practice." among other things, that the treaty of peace

Does the pacifist imagine that the advo- would “determine the control, disposition, cates of preparedness are carried away by the and government of the Philippines." That military spirit of our age? We remind him treaty of peace was concluded at Paris on that Monroe, as Secretary of War under December 10, 1898, was confirmed by the Madison, the President of the United States, Senate and ratified by the President in the proposed a plan for universal military service following February, and was proclaimed on which von Holst, the author of the standard April 11, 1899. In that treaty of peace a Constitutional History of the United States, vital distinction was made between the Amerithus epitomizes : “ The whole free male can occupancy of Cuba and the cession by population from eighteen to forty-five years Spain to the United States of the Philippine of age was to be divided into classes of one Islands. In Article XVI it was explicitly hundred, and each class was to be required stated as “understood that any obligations to furnish a definite number of recruits. If assumed in this treaty by the United States any class failed to meet the demands made with respect to Cuba are limited to the time upon it, the recruits were to be drawn by lot." of its occupancy thereof." No such limita

No! it is not the advocate of prepared- tion was placed upon the obligations assumed ness, it is the pacifist, who rejects the coun- by the United States with respect to the Philsels and condemns the spirit of the founders ippines. If a treaty means anything, this of the Republic. That foreign-born citizens treaty means that the United States cannot who have fled to this country to escape the escape by any action its responsibility for the burdens of foreign militarism should confuse promises it has made regarding the Philippine the armed camp of autocracy with the citizen Archipelago. soldiery of democracy, armed and disciplined To withdraw the Governmental authority for their own defense, might be anticipated. of the United States from the Philippines But that supposedly educated editors of great without making sure, by the firmest and most newspapers and grave and reverend Sen- material guarantees as enforceable as a mortators appointed to instruct, as well as to gage, that its obligations will be observed by represent public sentiment should be bewil- the succeeding Government, is to be faithless dered and misled by the same confusion of to its trust and to disregard its word and its thought does appear to us extraordinary. honor. There is only one reason which

would justify the United States in yielding

up its sovereignty without fulfilling its obliAMERICAN GOOD FAITH IN gations, and that reason would be in defeat THE PHILIPPINES

by a superior force to which the United

States would have to surrender. The American people, we are sure, want Among the obligations which the United their Government to keep its promises. States has assumed is the following which it

If the Philippine Bill, which passed the has entered into under solemn promise to Senate on February 4, becomes law, the Spain. And it is to be noted that this is a American people will find their Government promise, not with regard to Spaniards or to face to face with the dilemma of having to other foreigners in the Philippines, but is a break one of two promises. That bill makes promise on the part of the United States to a promise to the people of the Philippines, gua the interest of the Filipinos themselves, or rather to the Filipino politicians. In who were Spain's wards and have now beorder to keep that promise the United States (Continued on page following illustrations)

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NEW YORK AS IT APPEARS FROM THE TOP OF Art-lovers and artists are beginning to find that New York City has many elements of the picturesque in its gre of softness on the city, in a white mantle of snow that smooths its angles and hard lines, one may easily discer

evidence of these qualities in one of New York's parks; this pic

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