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stronger, or there is a fight and the weaker is it is, yes, literature of the highest order. But we whipped into submission, or there is a calm dis- have no time now for mere literature. The honor cussion of the merits of the case between the of our country is at stake, and the President contenders or before a third party intrusted of our country has called to us to stand by him with the decision. The first two we can dismiss against those puny souls that would betray her. as not desirable. The third appears to be the

The Brooklyn “Citizen" (Dem.) declares : only way left.

If the Representatives and Senators in ques. While the question is pending, perhaps the discussion that has filled the press from shore to

tion are not beyond the reach of reason, they will shore will prove sufficiently impressive to deter

make haste to align themselves with the Presi

dent and the country, instead of continuing to those Americans who intend crossing the water from endangering their countrymen by foolishly

figure as the mere tools of Germany. Should

they, on the other hand, persist in their deterrisking their lives.

mination to play the game of a foreign govern* Apparently “on the fence,” the Philadel

ment against our own, under the guise of devophia “ Telegraph” (Rep.) asks:

tion to peace, they will soon find themselves Has the time not come for Americans to in- face to face with constituencies that are neither quire . . . whether the German Government befogged nor irresolute. may not be right in its demand that merchant

Among Southern Democratic journals, ships which ask immunity from unwarned attack

none, we believe, enjoys higher esteem than shall be forbidden to carry arms? Will the

the Columbia “ State." One reason of this United States not serve the cause of humanity

is the fact that this South Carolina paper does and justice among nations best by officially

not hesitate to admonish Democrats : adopting the view that none except totally unarmed vessels are immune from sudden attack,

That President Wilson has heavier problems and by backing this opinion with a declaration

to solve than any other President has had since that all Americans who go to sea on armed

Mr. Lincoln is a common saying, and it is true. vessels of belligerent nations must do so with- From the beginning of the war in Europe bis out any expectation that this Government will

burdens have increased, and there is no present demand satisfaction for disaster befalling them

prospect that they will lighten. Yet they might during the voyage ? ...

be lightened. It is within the power of ConIt is to be hoped that the President may be

gress to assist in clearing the way for the progable to see that the wisest course would be to ress of the country out of the difficulties that, by refuse passports to Americans who desire to reason of a state of world war, beset it. travel on armed ships, and then, if any Ameri

There are Democrats in Congress who seem can's life is taken by Germany through any act

to be incapable of understanding that the time in contravention of international law, the whole

does not permit of indulgence in partisan wrangNation, to a man, will back the President in any

lings. There are Democrats who refuse to disaction he may take against Germany.

cern that leadership and unity of action are

essential not only to the preservation of public THE PRESIDENT'S SUPPORTERS respect for the Democratic party, but to the The President's supporters are, of course,

safety of the Republic. first of all those of his own party. The

Another Southern Democratic organ, the New York “ Times” (Ind. Dem.) proclaims: Knoxville “Sentinel,” affirms : Mr. Wilson has elected to move in the right

The Congressmen who have been trying to direction in the right way.

The American peo

force his [the President's] hand with resolutions ple are squarely behind him. Their response to

forbidding Americans to exercise their legal his letter to Senator Stone last week is proof of

right to travel have taken counsel of their fears,

and fear is never a safe counselor. that. Congress also is squarely behind him, save for that small, vociferous, un-American The President's support comes from his element which shall now be counted once for all political opponents as well as from his polittime. When Mr. Wilson desired Congress to ical supporters. The Washington “ Times," pigeonhole those resolutions, it did so.

Now for example, a Progressive paper, says: that he asks it to bring them out and force

Senators and Representatives of his [the thereon a vote of confidence in the principles he

Pres.dent's] party cannot command a sufficient has asserted, it will do that also.

following either in the Senate or in the House The Rochester - Union and Advertiser to pass a resolution that would compel or in(Ind. Dem.) exclaims :

fluence or even request the President to take up If in any breast there has slumbered the faint

with this Berlin doctrine. The Republicans in est spark of love of country, the words of Presi

Congress will take care of that. dent Wilson to Senator Stone must fan them And the Chicago " Post" (Prog.): into flame. The spirit of America breathes life The President will find support from the into every line of this great letter. Literature ablest men in both parties if he stands firmly

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by American rights. It is encouraging to see evidences that a spirit of sterner resoluteness has entered his soul. Possibly the spectacle of Congress suffering from a near panic will convince him that the policy of scuttle has wrought a perilous demoralization, and that it is now time to stiffen the pliant vertebræ and inject a little iron into the blood of the Nation.

Among Republican papers, the Topeka "Capital," for example, speaks as followsand its utterance is the more noteworthy because the editor of the “ Capital ” is now Governor of Kansas :

If the Democratic majority in Congress has betrayed the country by scuttling on the Administration's submarine policy, Republicans can come to the front, minority though they are, and win the Nation's thanks by standing by the President in his controversy with Berlin. The Democratic revolt Wednesday, with the threat from the party leaders to pass a resolution over the President's head forbidding American citizens from travel on belligerent merchantmen, is a suggestion of how demoralized this Nation's policy might have been by this time had Congress been in session last summer and fall. The attitude of the Democratic Senate and House, from the accounts that have come from Washington, is a peace-at-any-price attitude with a vengeance.

Another well-known Republican paper, the Minneapolis - Journal," thus comments:

There is good news from Washington. The Presidential backbone is in place again. .

The President, thank Heaven, is both braver and wiser than his party. His letter to Senator Stone is perhaps the most courageous act of his Administration.

Fortunately, the President has not to rely wholly upon his own party. Fortunately, the Republican minority forms a better, a more loyal, a more patriotic support than his own party.

The issue is clear. The question is whether the United States is to stand firm for the rights of neutrals, for international law as it is universally accepted, or whether it is going to permit Germany to override the law and justice. Shall we, as the President puts it, maintain "our hitherto proud position as spokesmen, even amidst the turmoil of war, for the law and the right,” or shall we abdicate it in favor of the Bryan policy of scuttle ?

An independent journal, the Philadelphia Ledger," thus sums up the situation :

We have no quarrel with the pacificists. Their motives, we doubt not, are good. But their method of achieving the result at which they aim is, we are convinced, utterly and damnably bad. They know what they want, but they do not know how to get it. They are playing with dynamite as if it were a Fourth-ofJuly spitter. The point has been reached when they must be curbed at Washington lest they bring about the very thing they seek to avoid.

We are the sole great force for peace and charity and civilization left in the world. Our fearlessness must be beyond suspicion if we are not to be dragged into the whirlpool of blood and slaughter.

66

THE PRE-NOMINATION CAMPAIGN

THE WILSON ADMINISTRATION

STAFF CORRESPONDENCE BY FREDERICK M. DAVENPORT

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Administration is not altogether unpatriotic and inefficient! I am not discouraging keen and active criticism of the Wilson Administration. I think it needs it. But I think the attack has been somewhat overdone. It seems very difficult for political criticism in the United States to discriminate between what is fair and strong and what is merely denunciatory. It does us good once in a while to recall that history records with disfavor much of the fierceness of denunciation which has always been an unworthy part of

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TONDO BEACH

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