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That had not God, for some strong purpose, steel'd
Aumerle that was ';
Again, in King Lear:
Patience and sorrow strove
her smiles and tears “ Were like a better May." Again, in Cymbeline :
nobly he yokes
“ In drops of sorrow.” Again, in Coriolanus :
Where senators shall mingle tears with smiles.” Again, in The Tempest:
To weep at what I am glad of.”
“ With thy sweete kisses so them both beguile,
“ Untill they smiling weep, and weeping smile." MALONB. 3 AUMERLE that was ;] The Dukes of Aumerle, Surrey, and Exeter, were, by an act of Henry's first parliament, deprived of their dukedoms, but were allowed to retain their earldoms of Rutland, Kent, and Huntingdon Holinshed, p. 513, 514.
am a fool
That strew the green lap of the new-come springo ? Aum. Madam, I know not, nor I greatly care.
not: God knows, I had as lief be none, as one. York. Well, bear you well in this new spring of
time, Lest you be cropp'd before you come to prime. What news from Oxford ? hold those justs and tri
umphs * 6 ? Aum. For aught I know, my lord, they do. York. You will be there, I know. Aum. If God prevent it not; I purpose so. York. What seal is that, that hangs without thy
Aum. My lord, 'tis nothing.
No matter then who sees it : I will be satisfied, let me see the writing.
* Quartos, do these justs and triumphs hold?
4 That strew the Green LAP of the new-come spring ?] So, in Milton's Song on May Morning :
who from her green lap throws “The yellow cowslip, and the pale primrose." Steevens. s – bear you well — ] That is, conduct yourself with prudence. Johnson.
justs and TRIUMPHs?] Triumphs are shows, such as masks, revels, &c. So, in The Third Part of King Henry VI. Act V. Sc. VII. :
“ And now what rests, but that we spend the time
“ Such as befit the pleasures of the court?" STEEVENS. 7 What seal is that, that hangs without thy bosom?] The seals of deeds were formerly impressed on slips or labels of parchment appendant to them. MALONE.
8 Yea, look'st thou pale ? let me see the writing.]. Such harsh and defective lines as this, are probably corrupt, and might be easily supplied, but that it would be dangerous to let conjecture loose on such slight occasions. Johnson.
Perhaps, like many other speeches in this scene, it was not intended for verse. MALONE.
Aum. I do beseech your grace to pardon me; It is a matter of small consequence, Which for some reasons I would not have seen. York. Which, for some reasons, sir, I mean to
see. I fear, I fear, Duch.
What should you fear? 'Tis nothing but some bond that he is enter'd into For gay apparel, 'gainst the triumph day. YORK, Bound to himself, what doth he with a
[Snatches it, and reads, Treason ! foul treason -villain ! traitor! slave!
Duch, What is the matter, my lord ?
vant.] Saddle my horse.
Duch. Why, what is it, my lord ?
What's the matter? YORK. Peace, foolish woman. Duch. I will not peace :-What is the matter,
Aum. Good mother, be content; it is no more Than my poor life must answer. Duch,
Thy life answer!
Re-enter Servant with Boots.
Duch. Strike him, Aumerle.- Poor boy, thou
art amaz'd':Hence, villain; never more come in my sight.
Servant. YORK. Give me my boots, I say.
Duch. Why, York, what wilt thou do?
YORK. Thou fond mad woman,
He shall be none; We'll keep him here: Then what is that to him ? York. Away, fond woman! were he twenty times
my son, I would appeach him. Duch.
Hadst thou groan'd for him, As I have done, thou wouldest be more pitiful. But now I know thy mind; thou dost suspect, That I have been disloyal to thy bed, And that he is a bastard, not thy son: Sweet York, sweet husband, be not of that mind: He is as like thee as a man may be, Not like to me, or any of my kin, And yet I love him. YORK. Make way, unruly woman.
9 - amaz'd :] i. e. perplexed, confounded. So, in The Merry Wives of Windsor : “ That cannot choose but amaze him. If he be not amazed, he will be mocked; if he be amazed, he will every way be mocked.” Steevens.
Duch. After, Aumerle; mount thee upon his
horse ; Spur, post; and get before him to the king, And beg thy pardon ere he do accuse thee. I'll not be long behind; though I be old, I doubt not but to ride as fast as York: And never will I rise up from the ground, Till Bolingbroke have pardon'd thee : Away; begone,
Windsor. A Room in the Castle.
Enter BOLINGBROKE as King ; Percy, and other
Lords. Boling. Can no man tell of my unthrifty son? 'Tis full three months, since I did see him last :If any plague hang over us, 'tis he. I would to God, my lords, he might be found. Inquire at London, 'mongst the taverns there,
Inquire at London, &c.] This is a very proper introduction to the future character of Henry the Fifth, to his debaucheries in his youth, and his greatness in his manhood. Johnson.
Shakspeare seldom attended to chronology. The prince was at this time but twelve years old, for he was born in 1388, and the conspiracy on which the present scene is formed, was discovered in the beginning of the year 1400.—He scarcely frequented taverns or stews at so early an age.
He afterwards highly distinguished himself at the battle of Shrewsbury, in 1403, when he was but fifteen. The period of his dissipation was afterwards, probably between the year 1405 and 1409, that is, between the age of seventeen and twenty-one. See further on this subject in the notes on the first part of King Henry the Fourth. MALONE.
It has been ably contended by the late Mr. Luders, that the whole story of his dissipation at any period was a fiction. See his ingenious Essay on the Character of Henry the Fifth.