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CONTENTS.

Page of 16th Report. Sabbath Schools in Prison,

CossTITUTION,

3 Common Day or Evening Schools in

36

ANNCAL MEETING,

Penitentiaries and Prisons,

Modes of Punishment for Misdemeanors

in Penitentiaries,......

37

1. NOTICE OF VALUABLE DOCU. Does the Auburn System of Prison Dis-

MENTS.

cipline depend on Stripes ?..

39

Documents concerning Lunatic Asylums,

Improvement and Enlargement of Work-

5

shops in Penitentiaries,

44

Documents concerning Penitentiaries and

Bad Construction and Ventilation,...... 45

Prisons,.....

7

Length of Sentences in Penitentiaries,.. 46

Causes of Crime,...

46

2. LUNATIC ASYLUMS. Imprisonment of Lunatics in Penitentia-

Order of Time in which Insane Asylums

ries,......

47

were established in the United States, 8 Encouragement to Effort for Discharged

Convicts,

49

Superintendents and other Officers of

Insane Asylums in the United States,. 9

Use of Surplus Earnings in Penitentia-

ries, ..

52

Proportion of Insane to the whole Popu-

lation,

11

Statistics of Fifteen Penitentiaries, from

Number of Persons who become insane Reports of 1840 and 1841,

53

annually,...

12

In what Extent is Provision made for the

Insane in the United States ! ........ 12

4. COUNTY PRISONS,.... 54

Proportion of Recoveries in well-con- Obio County Prisons,....

56

ducted Asylums,.

13

Proportion of Recoveries in recent Cases,

compared with old Cases,

14 5. HOUSES OF REFUGE, 60

Small Number of Persons ever recovered
from Insanity in Prison,..

14

Expense of supporting the Insane in

6. IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT, 61

Asylums,....

14

Beans of Cure in suitable Asylums.

7. NARRATIVE OF JOURNEYS

Farms and Gardens of Insane Asy-

lums, .

15

PERFORMED.

Moral Effects of Labor on the Insane, . 17 Extracts from the Journal of Mr. Barrett, 63

Pecuniary Results of Labor in Insane Extracts from the Journal of the Secre-

Asylums,

18

tary,

74

Moral and Religious Instruction in In-

sane Asylums,

19

Restraints,

24 CONCLUSION,....

98

Causes of Insanity,

29

Morality of Lunatic Asylums,.........

Statistics of Eleven Lunatic Asylums, for List OF OFFICERS,................

99

1810,.....

31

List of LIFE DIRECTORS,

100

3. PENITENTIARIES.

List OF LIFE MEMBERS,

100

102

Effeet of Moral and Religious Instruction

TREASURER'S REPORT,

in Penitentiaries,...

32 / SUBSCRIPTIONS AND Donations 103

30

The Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the Prison Discipline Society was held at No. 2 Marlboro' Chapel, on Monday, May 24, 1841, at 3 o'clock, P. M. A quorum being present, the Rev. Dr. Jenks, the oldest Vice-President then present, whose duty it was, according to the Constitution, in the absence of the President, took the chair, and opened the meeting with prayer. The Secretary read the minutes of the corresponding meeting of the last year. At the request of the Chairman, Mr. H. M. Willis, one of the auditors, read the Treasurer's Report, and the certificate of its correctness by the auditors, James Means and H. M. Willis. Mr. Daniel Safford was appointed a committee to distribute, collect, and sort the votes for the officers of the ensuing year. This being done, the officers of the preceding year were declared elected. A vote of thanks was passed unanimously to Mr. Charles ClevelAND, for his faithful and gratuitous performance of the duties of Treasurer, for many years. The meeting then adjourned, after prayer, to meet in the large hall of the Marlboro’ Chapel, on Tuesday, May 25, at 11 o'clock. The Rev. Dr. Lowell, at the request of the Chairman, closed the meeting with prayer.

The Public Meeting was held in the Marlboro' Chapel, according to adjournment, on Tuesday morning, at 11 o'clock. The President, the Hon. SAMUEL T. ARMSTRONG, took the chair. At his request, the Rev. Dr. Jenks read a part of the 25th chapter of Matthew, commencing with the 31st verse, to the close, and offered prayer. The Secretary, Rev. Louis Dwight, read an abstract of the Annual Report.

The Rev. T. S. Clarke, of Stockbridge, Mass., moved the acceptance of the Report, and reserence of the same to the Board of Managers, to be published. This resolution was seconded by the Rev. Nehemiah Adams, of Boston, and passed.

The Rev. Edwin Holt, of Portsmouth, N. H., moved the following resolution:

Resolved, That the introduction of the improvements which have been found so valuable in Penitentiaries and State Prisons into County Prisons and Municipal Jails, – as far as they are practicable, is loudly demanded as a work of great importance, and of indispensable necessity.

This resolution was seconded by the Rev. Francis Parkman, D. D., of Boston, and passed. The Rev. Dr. Hopkins, President of Williams College, submitted the following resolution :

Resolved, That the results of the Prison Discipline Society furnish a new and striking proof of the expediency of benevolent action.

This resolution was seconded by the Rev. President HUMPHREY, of Amherst College, and passed.

And the meeting was closed with a benediction by Rev. Dr. Dana, of Newburyport.

ANNUAL REPORT.

The managers of the Prison Discipline Society, in presenting
their Sixteenth Annual Report, begin by acknowledging the
goodness and mercy of God.

They also notice the death of the Hon. William BARTLETT,
of Newburyport, Mass., first vice-president of the Society, and
a great friend and benefactor of the human race; and the
death of Thomas Vose and Joseph Coolidge, of Boston ; of
Miss WALDO, of Worcester, and SAMUEL WARD, of New York ;
- all of them worthy to be had in affectionate remembrance by
this Society, for the countenance and aid which they extended
to it.

Mr. Bartlett and Miss Waldo, by their last will and testament,
gave liberal bequests to various objects of benevolence.

The plan of the Report is embraced in the following parts,
viz.: Notice of Valuable Documents ; Lunatic Asylums; Peni-
tentiaries ; County Prisons ; Houses of Refuge ; Imprisonment
for Debt; and Narrative of Journeys performed.

1. NOTICE OF VALUABLE DOCUMENTS.

DOCUMENTS CONCERNING LUNATIC ASYLUMS.

First Annual Report of the Directors of the Maine Insane
Hospital. December, 1840. Augusta, Me.: Severance & Dorr,
State Printers. . Octavo; pages, 47.

Report of the Trustees of the New Hampshire Asylum for
the Insane, made to the Legislature, at their November Session,
1840. Cyrus Barton, State Printer, Concord, N. H. Octavo;

pages, 22.

Fourth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Vermont
1 *

A 2

Asylum for the Insane, presented to the Legislature, October,
1840. R. P. Walton & Son, Printers, Montpelier, Vt. Octa-
vo; pages, 15.

Report of the Superintendent of the Boston Lunatic Hospital,
and Physician of the Public Institutions at South Boston. July
1, 1840. City Document, No. 16. John H. Eastburn, City
Printer. Octavo; pages, 31.

Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Massachusetts
General Hospital, for the Year 1840. Boston: James Loring,
Printer. Octavo ; pages, 41.

Eighth Annual Report of the Trustees of the State Lunatic
Hospital, at Worcester. December, 1840.

December, 1840. Boston: Dutton &
Wentworth, State Printers. Octavo ; pages, 100.

Seventeenth Annual Report of the Directors of the Retreat
for the Insane, at Hartford, Conn. Tiffany & Co., Printers,
Hartford, 1841. Octavo; pages, 35.

Report of the New York Hospital and Bloomingdale Asylum,
for the Year 1840. Mahlon Day & Co., Printers, Pearl Street,
New York ; pages, 32.

Report of the Commissioners of the State Lunatic Asylum,
to the Legislature of New York. Assembly's Document, No. 26.
January 13, 1841. Octavo; pages, 19.

Report of the Commissioners appointed by the Governor of
New Jersey, to ascertain the Number of Lunatics and Idiots in
the State, submitted to the Legislature on the 26th of February,
1840. Printed by M. S. Harrison & Co., Newark, N. J. Oc-
tavo; pages, 47.

Seventeenth Annual Report of the Managers of the Lunatic
Asylum, for 1841, to the General Assembly of Kentucky. Oc-
tavo; pages, 17.

Second Annual Report of the Directors and Superintendent
of the Ohio Lunatic Asylum, to the General Assembly of the State
Legislature. Presented, December 20, 1840. Samuel Medary,
Printer to the State, Columbus, Ohio. Octavo; pages, 45.

A Visit to Thirteen Asylums for the Insane, in Europe ; to
which are added, a brief Notice of similar Institutions in Trans-
atlantic Countries, and in the United States; and an Essay on
the Causes, Duration, Termination, and Moral Treatment of In-
sanity, with Copious Statistics; by Pliny Earle, M. D. Phila-
delphia : J. Dobson, Printer. Octavo; pages, 144.

Hints for the Young, in Relation to the Health of Body and
Mind. Fourth Stereotype Edition. Boston: George W. Light,
No. 1 Cornhill. Duodecimo; pages, 65. — This little manual
is written by one of the wisest and most experienced physicians in
Massachusetts, in regard to the causes of insanity, and ought to be

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