The Vision of Gabriel Marcel: Epistemology, Human Person, the Transcendent
Rodopi, 2008 - 187 strán (strany)
This book illustrates the profound implications of Gabriel Marcel's unique existentialist approach to epistemology not only for traditional themes in his work concerning ethics and the transcendent, but also for epistemological issues, concerning the objectivity of knowledge, the problem of skepticism, and the nature of non-conceptual knowledge, among others. There are also chapters of dialogue with philosophers, Jacques Maritain and Martin Buber. In focusing on these themes, the book makes a distinctive contribution to the literature on Marcel.Brendan Sweetman, a native of Dublin, Ireland, is Professor of Philosophy at Rockhurst University, Kansas City, MO, USA. His books include Why Politics Needs Religion: The Place of Religious Arguments in the Public Square (InterVarsity, 2006) and Religion: Key Concepts in Philosophy (Continuum Books, 2007). He has coauthored or coedited several other books, including Truth and Religious Belief (M.E. Sharpe, 1998), and Contemporary Perspectives on Religious Epistemology (Oxford University Press, 1992). Professor Sweetman has published more than fifty articles and reviews in a variety of collections and journals, including International Philosophical Quarterly, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, Faith and Philosophy, Philosophia Christi, and Review of Metaphysics. He writes regularly in the areas of continental philosophy, philosophy of religion, political philosophy and ethics.
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Three THE OBJECTIVITY OF KNOWLEDGE
Four SECONDARY REFLECTION ETHICS AND THE TRANSCENDENT
Five RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE AND THE AFFIRMATION OF GOD
Six A MARCELIAN CRITIQUE OF THE PROBLEM OF SKEPTICISM
Seven MARCEL AND TRADITIONAL PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS
MARCEL AND MARITAIN
BUBER AND MARCEL
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
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abstract according analysis analytic appeal approach argues argument attempt basic become belief body Buber Cartesian chapter claim clear commitment conceptual knowledge concerned consider contemporary context course critical critique defined Descartes describe developed discussion distinct embodied epistemology especially essential ethical example existence existential existentialist experience external relations fact fidelity fundamental further Gabriel Marcel give Heidegger holds human experience human subject I-It I-Thou ideas identity illustrate important individual internal issue kind look Marcel Maritain Martin means metaphysics mind moral mystery nature necessary noted notion object ontological particular person phenomenological philosophical point of view position possible present Press primary reflection problem properties question reality realm reason reference regard relations relationship relativism religious scientific secondary seems sense significant similar situated involvement skepticism suggest theory things thought traditional transcendent true truth understanding University York
Strana 97 - The totality of our so-called knowledge or beliefs, from the most casual matters of geography and history to the profoundest laws of atomic physics or even of pure mathematics and logic, is a man-made fabric which impinges on experience only along the edges.
Strana 95 - ALL THE perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. The difference betwixt these consists in the degrees of force and liveliness with which they strike upon the mind and make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions which enter with most force and violence we may name impressions; and under this...
Strana 93 - The question of whether there is a world at all and whether its Being can be proved makes no sense if it is raised by Dasein as Being-in-the-world; and who else would raise it?
Strana 138 - In the beginning is the relation — as the category of being, as readiness, as a form that reaches out to be filled, as a model of the soul; the a priori of relation; the innate You.
Strana 57 - The recognition of mystery, on the contrary, is an essentially positive act of the mind, the supremely positive act in virtue of which all positivity may perhaps be strictly defined. In this sphere everything seems to go on as if I found myself acting on an intuition which I possess without immediately knowing myself to possess it — an intuition which cannot be, strictly speaking, self-conscious and which can grasp itself only through the modes of experience in which its image is reflected, and...
Strana 61 - It is an undeniable fact, though it is hard to describe in intelligible terms, that there are some people who reveal themselves as "present...
Strana 71 - ... their inner substance, of ringing hollow. And perhaps it is at this point, as we draw, for the time being, towards the close of these difficult investigations, that we at last get a precise notion of one of the essential notes of the type of philosophy that is being put forward here. It should by now be very clear that a philosophy of this sort is essentially of the nature of a kind of appeal to the listener or the reader, of a kind of call upon his inner resources. In other words, such a philosophy...
Strana 12 - ... judgment that they form upon its nature, assuming as they do that something exists in the part affected, similar to the sensation of pain of which they are alone clearly conscious.
Strana 61 - It should be noted at once that the distinction between presence and absence is not at all the same as that between attention and distraction. The most attentive and the most conscientious listener may give me the impression of not being present; he gives me nothing, he cannot make room for me in himself, whatever the material favours which he is prepared to grant me.