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This offender further acknowfedged, that hava ing killed one of his companions in a quarrel, he was apprehended, tried, and condemned, for the faćt, by a court-martial of officers, and sentenced to be executed on the following day, in light of the army, which was to be drawn up to see the execacion During the night, however, he found means to efcape, and took refuge in the church of St. Peter, in Ghert, where the army then lay: Being thus in a place of sanctuary, he applied to the priests, who made interest with prince Eugene and their joint 'intercession with king William, who arrived in che city about four days afterwards, obtained his full pardon, and he was permitted immediately to join the army.
One would imagine that the obligations he had to those friests would have inspired him with sen timents of gratitude ; but this was far from being the case, that, in a few days after he had obi tained his pardon, he broke into the church, and robbed it of plate to the value of twelve hundred pounds; which he was the bećter enabled to do, as he was acquainted with the avenues of the church, and knew where the plate was deposited: He was apprehended on fufpicion of this sacrilege ; for as a crime of this kind is seldom committed by the natives of the country, it was con. jectured that it mult' have been perpetrated by some one, at least, of the soldiers; and inform ation being given that two Jews had embarked in a boat on the Scheldt, fór Middleburgh, on the day fucceeding the robbery, and that Simpson had been seen in company with these Jews, this occasioned his being taken into custody; but as no proof arose that he had fold any plate to chefe men, ic was thought neceffary to dismiss him.
Voe. 1. No. I.
The army being ordered to England, and the regiment reduced, in consequence of the peace of Ryswick, in the year 1697, Simpson was among those who were discharged, and with him were likewise dismifféd some of those who had been concerned with him in his depredations in Flanders.
There is no wonder that those who had affociated together abroad should join to perpetrate acts of villany in their native country; and accordingly, we find that Simpson and his companions were concerned in a great number of robberies on the roads near London, Simpson being chosen as the leader of the gang, and dignified by the title of captain. When they were unsuccessful on the highway, they had recourse to housebreaking: and they continued these practices for about three years, during which period several of Simpson's companions were apprehended, tried, convicted, and executed.
Soon after Simpson himself was taken into cuftody, and indicted at the sessions held at the Old Bailey in the month of July, 1700, for breaking open the dwelling house of Elizabeth Gawden, and stealing two feather-beds, and other articles. To this indictment he pleaded guilty, and received sentence of death. He declared that he had never murdered any person in consequence of his robberies ; but that he had killed four or five men in private quarrels. He was executed at Tyburn, on the 20th of July, 1700, having first declared that his real name was John Holliday, and that he had broken out of Newgate' about Christmas preceding the last apprehension.
The melancholy end of this malefactor prefents a striking letion of caution to cwo kinds of
people, viz. those of his own rank who are out of the army, and those that are in. . The former will see that in this instance, as in every other, the paths of vice lead to destruction: the latter will, we trust, be taught to learn obedience to their superiors; for if this offender had been pro perly impressed with a sense of that duty, thę robbing of his king could never have entered his imagination. The crime of sacrilege, of which he was repeatedly guilty, has been held in universal abhorrence by all civilized nations, and is justly punished in the severest manner. Many years have now elapsed since his offences brought him to a deplorable end; but it is to be hoped that the distance of time will not weaken the impression: since what was worthy of regard, and proper to enforce serious ideas, at the beginning of this century, cannot be less so at the prefent mo. ment. Some good end may be answered, fome good resolution formed, by reading any fingle tri.. al in thefe volumes; and we trust that those who shall peruse them all, will find their hearts amended while their minds are entertained, and that they will become wiser and better while they feek instructions from the calamities of others.
Full Account of the Life, Intrigues, Crimes, &c. of
GEORGE CADDELL, who was executed at
bis Mistress. GE
EORGE CADDELL was a native of the
town of Broomfgrove in Worceitershire, at which place he was articled to an apothecary, with whom he served his time, and then repaired
to London, where he walked several of the hofpitals, to give him an insight into the art of surgery:
Having obtained a tolerable proficience herein, he retired from London, and went to Worcester, where he lived with Mr. Randall, a capital sur-geon of that city; and in this situation he was equally admired for the depth of his abilities, and the amiableness of his temper. Here he married the daughter of Mr. Randall, who died in labour of her first child.
· After this melancholy event he went to reside at Litchfield, and continued upwards of two years with Mr. Dean, a surgeon of that place. During his residence here, he courted the daughter of that gentleman, to whom he would probably have been loon married, but for the commission of the following crime which cost him his life.
A young lady named Elizabeth Price, who had been debauched by an officer in the army, lived near Mr. Caddell's place of residence and, after her misfortune, supported herself by her skill in needle-work. Caddell becoming aequaịnted with her, a considerable degree of intimacy subfifted between them; and Miss Price, degraded as she was by the unfortunate step she had taken, still thought herself an equal match for one of Mr. Caddell's rank of life. I
This young lady now informed Caddell that a pregnancy was the consequence of their connections; and repeatedly urged him to marry her, to prevent her being a second time disgraced in the cyes of the publice
Mr. Caddell resisted her importunities for a confiderable time ; at last Miss Price heard of his
paying his addresses to Miss Dean;, on which she be
came more importunate than ever, and threatened that if he refused his consent to wed her, she would put an end to all his prospects with that young lady, by discuvering every thing that had passed between them.
"It was on this unhappy occafion that Caddell formed the horrid refolution of murdering Miss Price ; for he could neither bear the thought of forfeiting the esteem of a woman that he courted, nor of marrying her who had granted the Jaft' favour to at least one other man, as well as himself
This dreadful scheme having entered his head, he called on Mifs Price on a Saturday evening, and requested that she would walk in the fields with him on the afternoon of the following day, in order to adjust the plan of their intended marriage. Miss Price thus deluded now thought the wound in her reputation would be healed, and on the following day she mer him on the road leading towards Burton upon Trent, at a house known by the sign of the Nag's Head.
Having accompanied her supposed lover into the fields, and walked about till towards evening, they then sat down under a hedge, where having spent fome time in conversation. he pulled out a knife, çut her throat, and made his escape; but not before he had waited till she was dead,
Caddell, however, in the distraction of his mind, left behind him the knife with which he had perpetrated the deed, together with his case of initruments. When he came home it was observed that he appeared exceedingly confuled ; though the reason of the perturbation of his mind could not even be guessed at. But on the following morning Miss Price being found murdered in the