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(Č O P Y.) GEORGE the Third, by the Grace of God, King

of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c.

To all whom thefe Presents thall come Greeting. WHEREAS the Publisher of this valuable and

entertaining Work hath humbly represented to Us, that he hath been at very great Labour and Expence in collecting Books and Manuscripts, and in employing divers

. Persons to write and compile a Work, entituled, The New Newgate Calendar'; or Villany displayed in all its Branches : Containing an authentic Account of thé Lives, Adventures, Trials, Executions, and last Dying Speeches, of the most notorious Malefa£tors of all Denominations, who have fallen a Sacrifice to the just and equitable Laws of their Country : The whole being the most faithful Narrative erer published, of the various Exécutions and other Punishments, in England, Scotland, and Ireland, from the Year 1700, to the present Time ; accompanied with proper Reflections


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arising from the several Subjects: Which Work the Publisher humbly apprebends will be of the utmost Advantage to.bur Subjects in general, and more especially to the Youth of these Kingdoms ; as by exhibiting the Gradations of Vice, and shewing the Pi&ture in its native Deformity, it will effe&tually advance the Cause of Religion and Virtue. We being willing to give all due Encouragement to this Undertaking, do therefore, by these Presents, so far as may be agreeable to the Statute in that Cafe made and provided, grant unto the Publisher, his Executors, Administrators, and Asigns, Our License for the sole Printing, Publishing and Vending, the said Work, for the Term of fourteen Years ; ftri&tly forbidding all our Subjects within our Kingdoms and Dominions, to reprint, abridge, or pubLish the fame, either in the like or any other Volume or Volumes whatsoever ; or to import, buy, vend, utter, or distribute, any Copies thereof, reprinted beyond the Seas, during the aforefaid Term of fourteen Years, without the Consent or Approbation of the Publisher, bis Heirs, Executors, or Aligns, under their Hands and Seals, first had and obtained, as they will answer the contrary at their Perils. Wherefore the Commisioners, and other Officers of our Customs, the Master, Wardens, and COMPANY of STATIONERS, are to take Notice that, due obedience may be rendered to Our Will and Pleasure herein declared. Given at our Court at St. James's,

By his Majesty's Command.


HE wisest men, both in ancient and modern

tim's have agreed, that nothing leaves fo strong an impresion on the human mind, as a recital of those crimes, for which many have forfeited their lives to the iujured laws of their country. Such examples are set up as marks of the frailty of hu- , man nature, and may serve to teach us, that let our station be whatever it will, we are not beyond the reach of temptation; and unless we keep the fear of God constantly before us, attending to our duty as the allurements to vice will become so strong, that we may be led gradually to commit the most odious crimes, and end our lives with shame and infamy.

The many atrocious offences which are daily prepetrated in different parts of the Kingdom, in defiance of the laws, call aloud for a Publication of this kind, ito put private persons on their guard against the designing cheat, and the more open and daring robber.

In former times one notorious act of shocking delinquency, was sufficient to furnish Matter of Wonder to the public for a long time, but of late years vice has made such bold and daring strides, that onc act of Enormity is swallowed up in another; and ere we cease our surprize at the first, it is re-excited by fome newer and more atrocious Villany.

New laws, new regulations, and new modes of punishment, have been devised--but almoft in vain; something seems wanting which may tend rather to prevent the offence than punish the offenders.

At present nothing promises so fair to operate as a preventive remedy against felonious acts, as the

frequens frequent and careful perufal of the modes by which similar acts of felony have been perpetrated and the horrid Effects that have followed such perpetration:

The dissipation of this nation has multiplied the number of crimes, and occasioned new statutes to be framed, for putting a stop to the growing evil; because such striking incidents have happened in the course of the present century, as were not known, nor even thought of, for many years before-The multitude of places set apart for the entertainment of the gay, and the thoughtless has contributed towards the ruin of many youth of both sexes ; for pleasure is of so bewitching a nature, that in order to gratify a fensual passion we are often led to commit the greatest crimes. Hence the ruin of many youth who, had it not been for the alluring temptations to vice, might have lived to the inexpressible joy of their relations, and been an honour and an orriament to their country. But it is not youth alone that are blameable: for many who have lived to advanced years are either fo deftitute of virtuous principles, or so little masters of their natural tempers, that they are often hurried both into excesses and crimes; without reflecting on the fatal consequences.

To prevent our fellow subjects from committing crimes, and to promote their interest and honour in the world, this work is offered the Public; on a plan entirely new, and more comprehensive than any ever yet published on the fame subject. From a great variety of authors, both printed and in manuscript, we have selected the lives of the most notorious offenders, that have suffered from the year 1700, to the present time.

In all the Works of this nature, that we have seeni the materials are sojumbled together, without order or method, that the readers are disgusted, rather than entertained or instructed. Instead, therefore, of


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