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Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday next after Dec. 13. (See Table of Fasts before Prayer-Book.)
19. How does this shew the seasonableness of the prayer of the Collect ?-In teaching us to pray for those now set apart for the ministry.—2 Tim. ii. 2; Acts, xiii. 3 ; xiv. 23.
20. Does the Church elsewhere exhort us to the same duty ?-Yes; in appointing two forms of prayer for the Ember days.
21. Is this in entire accordance with the exhortations of the Apostle ?-Yes.—2 Cor. i. 11; Eph. vi. 18, 19; Col. iv. 2, 3; 2 Thess. iii. 1.
Fourth Sunday in Advent. 1. What do we pray for?--Help and deliverance through God's bountiful grace and mercy.
2. Does it refer to that deliverance being nigh ?—“Raise up Thy power and come among us, and with great might succour us.”
3. Why do we require that succour?-Because, through our sins and wickedness, we are sore let and hindered in running the race that is set before us.
.-Rom. vii. 23. 4. What is that race ?-A life of Christian holiness.Heb. xii. l.
5. What reference is there in the Epistle to the subject ? .“ The Lord is at hand. Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.”
6. What connexion has the Gospel with it ?- It directs us to the Saviour and His presence.
66 There standeth One among you whom ye know not.”
7. What is the general subject for consideration proposed to us ?—The Advent of our Lord, and our fitting reception of Him.
8. What prevents this ?-Our sins and wickedness.
9. How is this barrier to be removed ?-By God's bountiful grace
1.-Ps. xl. 13, 17; 2 Cor. xii. 9. 10. In what is this to assist us ?-In our Christian course the race that is set before us.
11. But what are we taught to look to for our final triumph ?- The satisfaction of the Son, our Lord.—Isa. liii. 4-6, 12; Rom. iii. 24–26.
12. To what have the preceding Sundays directed our attention ?-To the cleansing of the Church of God; to the Scriptures, the means of purifying it; and to the ministry appointed to expound them.
13. What does this Sunday's service add ?— The necessity of God's grace, without which all these means will be useless.—2 Cor. iii. 5; 1 Cor. xv. 10; 2 Cor. xii. 9; Philip. ii. 13.
1. To what doctrine does the Collect first allude ?_To the Incarnation of our Lord. “ He took our nature upon Him."
2. Is this referred to in the Epistle ?—Yes. “Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on High.”
3. Does the Gospel bear testimony to it ?-Yes ; verses 1 and 14 ; see, also, 1 Tim. iii. 16.
4. What other miraculous event does it connect with it? -His birth of a Virgin.--Isa. vii. 14 ; Matt. i. 22, 23.
5. Is our present commemoration of it referred to ? - Yes. “ At this time was born of a pure Virgin.”
6. What prayer do we found on it ?—" Grant that we, being regenerate, and made Thy children by adoption and grace, may daily be renewed by Thy Holy Spirit."
7. What is the meaning of regenerate ?-Born again.John, iii. 3–5; 2 Cor. v. 17; Col. iii. 9, 10.
8. What connexion is there between our being regenerate and His being born into the world ?—(See the Gospel.) “ He came unto His own, and His own received Him not; but as many as received Him to them gave He
to become the Sons of God, even to them that believe on His name; which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”
9. How are we made the children of God ?-By adoption and grace.—Rom. viii. 15; Gal. iv. 4-6.
10. What further blessing do we pray for ?—“ That we may daily be renewed by His Holy Spirit.”
11. Is our renewal connected with our regeneration ? Yes.
12. And with what are both connected ?— With baptism. When we first received Christ.-Tit. iii. 5.
13. Is regeneration part of the Sacrament of Baptism ?
for the inward and spiritual grace is a death unto sin and a new birth unto righteousness.
14. If we were made the children of God by adoption and grace, what were we by nature ?-The children of wrath. -Eph. ii. 3.
15. Through whom do we pray for this ? _“Through the same Jesus Christ our Lord.”
16. What doctrine necessarily connected with the subject does the Collect refer to in the concluding words ?—The divinity of our Lord, “who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the same Spirit, ever one God.”
17. How does the Epistle refer to this ?—“ Spoken unto us by His Son, whom He hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds ;” and throughout.
18. What testimony does the Gospel bear ? —Ver. 1–3.
19. How does the institution of baptism prove this ?-It is “ in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”
St. Stephen's Day. 1. Whose example is proposed to us in this Collect ?St. Stephen's.
2. Why is it the first saint's day appointed for commemoration ?-Because Stephen was the first martyr.
3. What do you mean by martyr?-One who suffers for his faith.
4. How was St. Stephen a martyr?-As he was stoned by his enemies for believing and preaching Jesus Christ.
5. Are martyrs elsewhere mentioned in the Prayer-Book ? -Yes, in the Te Deum,--" The noble army of martyrs praise Thee.'
6. Who does this mean ?— The whole body of those who have suffered for their faith in Jesus Christ.
7. When is the example of Stephen to influence us ?- In all our sufferings here upon earth.”
8. What peculiar sufferings does the Collect allude to ? -Those “ for the testimony of God's truth.”
9. Under such, for what do we pray ?—“ That we may look steadfastly up to heaven.”
10. What shall then support us ?~“Our faith in the glory that shall be revealed.
il. For what more do we pray ?—" That we may be filled with the Holy Ghost.”
12. What shall we thereby learn ?—“To love and bless our persecutors.”
13. How will Stephen's example here guide us ?_" He prayed for his murderers.
14. To whom did he pray ?_To Jesus Christ.
15. What do we learn of the office of Jesus Christ ?-As our Intercessor, our Mediator, and Advocate, He stands at the right hand of God to succour all those that suffer for Him.
16. To whom is the prayer of the Collect addressed ? To Jesus Christ.
17. May we not offer any prayer to the saint ?-No.Acts, x. 26; Rev. xix. 10.
18. What reference, then, is there to the saint?—Only to his example for our encouragement.
19. Who does it tell us is our only Mediator? - Jesus Christ.
20. As an example, what reference has the Epistle to the subject of the Collect ?-It teaches us, by Stephen's example, how we may attain what we pray for.
21. What doctrine does it teach us ? - That there is but one Mediator, whom Stephen prayed to.
22. What reference has the Gospel to the subject ?—It teaches us that through suffering God perfects His saints.
23. In setting this martyrdom before us in the outset, what does the Church suggest to us ?—To count the cost of our profession of the Gospel.—Luke, xiv. 26–34.
24. By whose example does the Epistle shew us that God overrules the will of man ?-By that of Saul, afterwards St. Paul.
25. What condition does the Gospel lay down as that under which such an one shall be received ?-When he shall be enabled to say,
- Blessed is he who cometh in the name of the Lord.”
St. John the Evangelist.
1. For what do we pray ? - .66 That God will cast His bright beams of light upon His Church.”
2. How do we pray that it may be enlightened ?—“ By the doctrine of the blessed Apostle and Evangelist St. John.”
3. What do we pray may be its effect ?—“ That we may walk in the light of His truth.”
4. And, as the consequence of this, do what ?_“ Attain to the light of everlasting life.”
5. Through whom? Through the saint ?-No; through Jesus Christ.
6. What is the great subject of the teaching of St. John ? -The divinity of Jesus Christ.—John, i. 12-14. 7. Does St. John speak of Him as light?
Yes. John, i. 4-8; iii. 19.
8. Does the Epistle, also, propose this to us ? - God is light,” &c., to “ cleanseth us from all sin.”
9. Does it teach us how this was manifested to us ? Yes; in the incarnation of our Lord. (See Epistle.)
10. What will be the effect of our walking in the light? -“ We shall have fellowship one with another.”
11. Through what shall we attain to everlasting life ?Through the blood of Jesus Christ, which cleanseth us from all sin.”
12. Do you call to mind any thing which typified this light which leads us through the world ?—Yes; the pillar of fire in the wilderness.
13. What besides light distinguished the character of John ?-Love.
14. How does the Gospel refer to this ? — It speaks of him as the disciple "whom Jesus loved.”
15. As his doctrine gave us light, did it not also insist on love ?—Yes.—1 John, iv. 7, to end.
16. How then, under His teaching, are we to pass through life?-In light and in love.