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Longarenus, unknown except from S. i. 2. 67

Lucania, a district of lower Italy, S. ii. 1. 38

Lucanus, adj., of Lucania, S. ii. 1. 34; ii. 3. 234; ii. 8. 6; E. i. 15. 21; ii. 2. 178

Lucilius, i.e. C. Lucilius, friend of Scipio, writer of satires, who lived about 180 to 103 B.C., S. i. 4. 6, 57; i. 10. 1* (interpolated lines); i. 10. 2, 53, 56, 64; ii. 1. 17, 29, 62, 75

Lucrinus, adj., of the Lucrine lake, in Campania, S. ii. 4. 32 Lucullus, i.e. L. Licinius Lucullus,

general against Mithridates, extremely wealthy, E. i. 6. 40; ii. 2. 26

Lupus, i.e. L. Cornelius Lentulus

Lupus, consul 156 B.C., who was assailed by Lucilius, S. ii. 1. 68 Lycambes, the father of Neobule,

who betrothed her to Archilochus, but later broke his word. The poet's invectives caused Lycambes to hang himself. E. i. 19. 25. See Epode vi. 13

Lydi, the Lydians, by whom Etruria is said to have been settled, S. i. 6. 1

Lymphae, nymphs of the springs, S. i. 5. 97

Lynceus, one of the Argonauts, son of Aphareus and brother of Ida, possessed of very keen sight, S. i. 2. 90; E. i. I. 28 Lysippus, a famous Greek sculptor of the fourth century B.C., E. ii. 1. 240

MAECENAS, a Roman knight, friend of Augustus, and patron of Horace, S. i. 1. 1; i. 3. 64; i. 5. 27, 31, 48; i. 6. 1; i. 9. 43; i. 10. 81; ii. 3. 312; ii. 6. 31, 38, 41; ii. 7. 33; ii. 8. 16, 22; E. i. 1. 3; i. 7. 5; i. 19. 1 Maecius, i.e. Spurius Maecius Tarpa,

a critic of the drama known to Cicero (Ad fam. vii. 1), A.P. 387 Maenius, a spendthrift, who figured in Lucilius, S. i. 3. 21; E. i. 15.

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Maia, mother of Mercury, and daughter of Atlas, S. ii. 6. 5 Maltinus (al. Malchinus), an effeminate person, S. i. 2. 25. See p. 17 Mamurra, a Roman knight of Formiae, a favourite of Caesar's, who amassed great wealth, S. i.

5. 37

Manes, the spirits of the departed, the gods below, S. i. 8. 29; E. ii. 1. 138

Marius, a man who murdered his mistress and then committed suicide, S. ii. 3. 277

Marsaeus, lover of Origo, S. i. 2. 55 Marsya, Marsyas, a satyr, who challenged Apollo to a musical contest and, being defeated, was flayed alive. A statue of Marsyas stood in the Forum near the Rostra. Either the expression of pain or the uplifted arm is referred to in S. i. 6. 120 f.

Martius, adj., of Mars, the god of war, A.P. 402 Matutinus, adj., belonging to the morning, or used as a noun, god of the morning, a term applied to Ianus, S. ii. 6. 20 Maximus, E. i. 2. 1. See Lollius Medea, the sorceress, daughter of

Aeetes in Colchis, whence she fled with Jason the Argonaut, who afterwards deserted her. She then slew their common children. This is the subject of the Medea of Euripides. A.P. 123, 185 Meleager, son of Oeneus and Althaea, was the half-brother of Tydeus (son of Periboea), father of Diomedes. He was cursed by his mother for the death of his two brothers, and her Erinnys pursued him to his death. 4.P. 146 Memnon, son of Tithonus and Aurora and king of the Ethiopians. His death at the hands of Achilles was the subject of the Aethiopis of Arctinus, a cyclic poet. S. i. 10. 36 Mena, or Menas, a name contracted from the Greek Menodorus.

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was a freedman, and took the Roman gentile name Volteius from his patron. E. i. 7. 55, 61. See Volteius

Menander, famous writer of the New Attic Comedy, lived from 342 to 290 B. C., S. ii. 3. 11; E. ii. 1. 57 Menelaus, son of Atreus, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, S. ii. 3. 198. See Atrides Menenius, a madman, S. ii. 3. 287 Mercurialis, adj., of Mercury, the god of gain, S. ii. 3. 25 Mercurius, Mercury, son of Jupiter and Maia, and messenger of the gods, god of gain and good luck, S. ii. 3. 68 (cf. ii. 6. 5) Messalla, a name associated with the aristocratic Valerian gens. M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus, orator and historian, was consul in 31 B.C., and triumphed over the Aquitani in 27 B.C. He had a brother, L. Gellius Publicola, who was consul in 36 B.C. S. i. 6. 42; i. 10. 85; A.P. 371 Messius, S. i. 5. 52, 54. See Cicirrhus Metella, perhaps Caecilia Metella,

divorced wife of P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, S. ii. 3. 239 Metellus, i.e. Q. Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus, consul 143 B.C., political opponent of Scipio, S. ii. 1. 67

Methymnaeus, adj., of Methymna, a town in Lesbos, S. ii. 8. 50 Miletus, a city of Ionia in Asia Minor, E. i. 17. 30

Milonius, according to Porphyrio, a scurra or parasite, S. ii. 1. 24 Mimnermus, an elegiac poet of Colophon, of the sixth century B.C., E. i. 6. 65; ii. 2. 101 Minerva, goddess of wisdom, patroness of arts and science, S. ii. 2. 3; A.P. 385 Minturnae, a town on the borders

of Latium and Campania, at the mouth of the Liris, E. i. 5. 5 Minucius, who gave his name to the Via Minucia, which ran from Brundisium to Beneventum, E. i. 18. 20

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Moschus, a rhetorician from Pergamum, who was tried for poisoning, E. i. 5. 9

Mucius, a famous lawyer, probably P. Mucius Scaevola, consul in 133 B.C., or his son Q. Mucius Scaevola, consul in 95 B.C., E. ii. 2. 89

Mulvius, a parasite, S. ii. 7. 36 Munatius, son of L. Munatius Plancus, the consul of 42 B.C. (see Odes i. 7. 19; iii. 14. 28); E. i. 3. 31 Murena, i.e. L. Licinius Murena, brother-in-law of Maecenas, S. i. 5. 38

Musa, (1) a Muse, S. i. 5. 53; ii. 3. 105; ii. 6. 17; E. i. 3. 13; i. 8. 2; i. 19. 28; ii. 1. 27, 133, 243; ii. 2. 92; A.P. 83, 141, 324, 407; (2) Musa Antonius. See Antonius Mutus, unknown elsewhere, E. i. 6. 22

NAEVIUS, (1) a spendthrift, S. i. 1. 101; S. ii. 2. 68 (perhaps not the same); (2) a poet from Campania of the third century B.C. (he wrote dramas and also an epic, the Bellum Punicum, this last in Saturnian verse), E. ii. 1. 53 Nasica, a man who, being in debt to Coranus, gave him his daughter in marriage, S. ii. 5. 57, 65, 67 Nasidienus, Rufus (probably a fictitious name), a wealthy upstart, S. ii. 8. 1, 58, 75, 84

Natta, a stingy person, S. i. 6. 124 Neptunus, Neptune, god of the sea, E. i. 11. 10; A.P. 64

Nero, i.e. Tiberius Claudius Nero, E. i. 8. 2; i. 9. 4; i. 12. 26; ii. 2. 1. See Claudius

Nestor, son of Neleus, king of Pylus, oldest of the Greeks before Troy, E. i. 2. 11

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OCTAVIUS, a poet and historian, friend of Horace, S. i. 10. 82 Ofellus, a country neighbour of Horace's, S. ii. 2. 2, 53, 112, 133 Olympia, the Olympic games, celebrated every four years at Olympia, in Elis, E. i. 1. 50 Opimius, a miser, S. ii. 3. 142 Oppidius, i.e. Servius Oppidius, a man of Canusium who had two sons, Aulus and Tiberius, S. ii. 3. 163, 171, 173 Orbilius, a native of Beneventum, who set up a school there, and later in Rome, E. ii. 1. 71 Orbius, a rich landowner, E. ii. 2.

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Palatinus, adj., of the Palatine, where Augustus in 28 B.C. dedicated a temple to Apollo, with a public library, E. i. 3. 17 Pantilius, unknown, S. i. 10. 78 Pantolabus, a parasite. The name is probably coined for satire (Tav+daßeiv, "all-receiver "), S. i. 8. 11; ii. 1. 22

Paris, son of Priam and Hecuba, who carried off Helen, wife of Menelaus, and so led to the Trojan war, E. i. 2. 6, 10

Parius, adj., of Paros, an island of the Cyclades in the Aegaean, famous for its marble and as the birthplace of Archilochus, E. i. 19. 23

Parmensis. See Cassius

Parthus, a Parthian. The Parthians lived north-east of the Caspian Sea, S. ii. 1. 15; ii. 5. 62; E. i. 18. 56; ii. 1. 112, 256 Paulus, a cognomen of the Aemilian gens, to which belonged L. Aemilius Paulus, consul in 216 B.C.; his son, the conqueror of Perseus, and the younger Scipio Africanus, the latter's son, S. i. 6. 41

Pausiacus, adj., of Pausias, a Greek painter from Sicyon, contemporary of Apelles in the fourth century B.C., S. ii. 7. 95 Pedanus, adj., of Pedum, a town between Tibur and Praeneste, E. i. 4. 2

Pediatia, a feminine name given in contempt to one Pediatius, a Roman knight who had lost both fortune and repute, S. i. 8. 39 Pedius, an orator, probably the son of Q. Pedius, who was consul in 43 B.C., S. i. 10. 28

Peleus (the subject of a tragedy by Sophocles), son of Aeacus, was driven from Aegina for the murder of his half-brother Phocus, A.P. 96, 104 Pelides, son of Peleus, Achilles, E. i. 2. 12. See Achilles Penates, the Penates, household gods, S. ii. 3. 176; E. i. 7. 94 Penelope, the faithful wife of

Ulysses, S. ii. 5. 76, 81; E. i. 2. 28

Pentheus, king of Thebes, torn in pieces by his mother Agave because he had mocked at the rites of Bacchus, E. i. 16. 78. See Agave

Perellius, a banker, perhaps the same as Cicuta, S. ii. 3. 75 Persius, a wealthy man of Clazomenae, born of a Greek father and a Roman mother, S. i. 7. 2, 4, 19, 33

Petillius Capitolinus, said to have

been accused of stealing the gold crown from the statue of Jupiter on the Capitol, and to have been acquitted by Caesar. The story is an exaggeration, because the name Capitolinus, which is said to have been given Petillius because of the charge, was a cognomen of the Petillia gens, and the crime of stealing the crown of Jupiter is proverbial in the plays of Plautus. S. i. 4. 94; i. 10. 26 Petrinus, a town in the Falernian district, E. i. 5. 5

Phaeax, a Phaeacian. The Phaeacians were mythic inhabitants of Corcyra, subjects of Alcinous, and living in luxury, E. i. 15. 24 Philippi, a town of Macedonia, now Filibi, where Brutus and Cassius were defeated by Octavius and Antony, 42 B.C., E. ii. 2. 49

Philippus, (1) L. Marcius Philippus, consul 91 B.C., a distinguished lawyer, E. i. 7. 46, 52, 64, 66, 78, 89, 90; (2) a gold coin, the Macedonian stater, bearing the head of Philip the Great, worth rather more than one guinea, or five dollars, E. ii. 1. 234 Philodemus, of Gadara, poet and Epicurean philosopher, who lived at Rome in the time of Cicero, S. i. 2. 121 Phraates, king of the Parthians, who in 20-19 B.C. restored to the Romans the standards taken from Crassus at Charrae, E. i. 12. 27

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Pisones or Pisos, a father and two sons, to whom the Ars Poetica is addressed. According to Porphyrio, the father was L. Calpurnius Piso, praefectus urbi in A. D. 14. Others hold that he was Cn. Calpurnius Piso, who, like Horace, fought under Brutus and Cassius at Philippi. He had a son, Cneius, who was consul 7 B.C., and another Lucius, who was consul in 1 B. C. A.P. 6, 235. See Pompilius

Pitholeon, according to Bentley the same as Pitholaus, who libelled Julius Caesar in his verses (Suetonius, Iulius, 75), S. i. 10. 22

Plato, (1) the comic poet, representative of Attic Middle Comedy, S. ii. 3. 11; (2) celebrated Greek philosopher, disciple of Socrates, S. ii. 4. 3 Plautinus, adj., of Plautus, A.P. 270

Plautus, Roman comic poet, who died in 184 B. C.; E. ii. 1. 58, 170; A.P. 54

Plotius, i.e. Plotius Tucca, friend of Virgil and Horace. He and Varius were Virgil's literary executors. S. i. 5. 40; i. 10. 81 Polemon, a luxurious Athenian youth, reformed by Xenocrates, whom he succeeded as head of the Academic school of philosophy, S. ii. 3. 254

Pollio, i.e. C. Asinius Pollio, distinguished as statesman, orator, historian, and tragic poet, S. i. 10. 42, 85 Pollux, twin brother of Castor, E. ii. 1. 5 (cf. S. ii. 1. 26) Pompeius Grosphus. See Grosphus

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Praenestinus, adj., of Praeneste, S. i. 7. 28

Priamides, son of Priam, Hector, S. i. 7. 12

Priamus, Priam, king of Troy, S. ii. 3. 195; A.P. 137

Priapus, god of gardens (his image served as a kind of scarecrow), S. i. 8. 2

Priscus, a changeable person, S. ii. 7. 9

Procne, wife of Tereus and sister

of Philomela, changed into a swallow, A.P. 187 Proserpina, daughter of Ceres and wife of Pluto, S. ii. 5. 110 Proteus, a sea-god, who had the power of changing himself into all kinds of forms, S. ii. 3. 71; E. i. 1. 90

Publicola, cognomen of Q. Pedius,

S. i. 10. 28, though some take it there with Corvinus. See Messalla

Publius, a praenomen, S. ii. 5. 32 Pupius, a tragic poet, E. i. 1. 67 Pusilla, a pet name for a girl, meaning "tiny," S. ii. 3. 216 Puteal. See Libo

Pylades, faithful friend of Orestes, S. ii. 3. 139

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Pythia, the Pythian games, celebrated every five years at Delphi in honour of Apollo, A.P. 414 Pythias, a maid figuring as a character in a play of Caecilius, A.P. 238

QUINCTIUS, unknown except from E. i. 16. 1

Quinquatrus, a festival of five days in honour of Minerva, beginning on March 19th, during which school-boys had holidays, E. ii. 2. 197

Quintilius, i.e. Quintilius Varus, of Cremona, a friend of Virgil and Horace (see Odes i. 24), A.P. 438 Quintus, (1) Horace's own praenomen, S. ii. 6. 37; (2) an ordinary praenomen, S. ii. 3. 243; ii. 5. 32 Quirinus, i.e. Romulus, representative of the Roman people, S. i. 10. 32

Quiris, a Roman citizen, E. i. 6. 7

RAMNES, one of the three centuries of equites or knights established by Romulus. They represent the equites of Horace's day, and stand for young men as contrasted with old. A.P. 342

Rex, i.e. Rupilius Rex, of Praeneste, who served in Africa under Attius Verus, became Praetor under Julius Caesar, and later joined the army of Brutus, S. i. 7. 1, 5, 6, 9, 19, 25, 35

Rhenus, the river Rhine, S. i. 10. 37; A.P. 18

Rhodius, adj., of Rhodes, S. i. 10. 22

Rhodos, the island of Rhodes, off

the south west coast of Asia Minor, E. i. 11. 17, 21

Roma, Rome, S. i. 5. 1; i. 6. 76; ii. 1. 59; ii. 6. 23; ii. 7. 13, 28; E. i. 2. 2; i. 7. 44; i. 8. 12; i. 11. 11, 21; i. 14. 17; i. 16. 18; i. 20. 10; ii. 1. 61, 103, 256; ii. 2. 41, 65, 87 Romanus, adj., Roman, S. i. 4. 85; i. 6. 48; ii. 1. 37; ii. 2. 10, 52; ii. 4. 10; ii. 7. 54; E. i. 1. 70; i. 3. 9; i. 12. 25; i. 18. 49; ii. 1.

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