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Longarenus, unknown except from

S. i. 2. 67
Lucania, a district of lower Italy,

S. ii. 1. 38
Lucanus, adj., of Lucania, s. ii. 1.

34; ii. 3. 234 ; ii. 3. 6; E. i. 15. 21 ;

ii. 2. 178
Lucilius, i.e. C. Lucilius, friend of

Scipio, writer of satires, who
lived about 180 to 103 B.C., S. i.
4.6, 57; i. 10. 1* (interpolated
lines); i. 10. 2, 53, 56, 64 ; ii. 1.

17, 29, 62, 75
Lucrinus, adj., of the Lucrine lake,

in Campania, S. ii. 4. 32
Lucullus, i.e. L. Licinius Lucullus,

general against Mithridates, ex.
tremely wealthy, E. i. 6. 40; ii.

2. 26
Lupus, i.e. L. Cornelius Lentulus

Lupus, consul 156 B.C., who was

assailed by Lucilius, S. ii. 1. 68
Lycambes, the father of Neobule,
who betrothed her to Archilochus,
but later broke his word. The
poet's invectives caused Lycambes
to hang himself. E. i. 19. 25. See

Epode vi. 13
Lydi, the Lydians, by whom Etruria
is said, to have been settled, S.

i. 6. 1
Lymphae, nymphs of the springs,

S. i. 5, 97
Lynceus, one of the Argonauts, son

of Aphareus and brother of Ida,
possessed of very keen sight, s.

Maia, mother of Mercury, and

daughter of Atlas, S. ii. 6. 5
Maltinus (al. Malchinus), an effemin.

ate person, S. i. 2. 25. See p. 17

Roman knight of
Formiae, a favourite of Caesar's,
who amassed great wealth, S. i.
was a freedman, and took the
Roman gentile name Volteius from
his patron. E. i. 7. 55, 61. See

E. .
Lysippus, a famous Greek sculptor
of the fourth century B.C., E.
ii. 1. 240

5. 37
Manes, the spirits of the departed,

the gods below, S. i. 8. 29 ;

ii. 1. 138
Marius, a man who murdered his

mistress and then committed
suicide, S. ii. 3. 277
Marsaeus, lover of Origo, S. i. 2. 55
Marsya, Marsyas, a satyr, who

challenged Apollo to a musical
contest and, being defeated, was
flayed alive.

A statue of Marsyas
stood in the Forum near the
Rostra. Either the expression
of pain or the uplifted arm is re-

ferred to in S. i. 6. 120 f.
Martius, adj., of Mars, the god of

war, A.P. 402
Matutinus, adj., belonging to the

morning, or used as a noun, god
of the morning, a term applied

to Ianus, S. ii. 6. 20
Maximus, E. i. 2. 1. See Lollius
Medea, the sorceress, daughter of

Aeetes in Colchis, whence she
fled with Jason the Argonaut,
who afterwards deserted her.
She then slew their common
children. This is the subject of
the Medea of Euripides. A.P.

123, 185
Meleager, son of Oeneus and

Althaea, was the half-brother of
Tydeus (son of Periboea), father
of Diomedes. He was cursed by
his mother for the death of his
two brothers, and her Erinnys
pursued him to his death. A.P.

Memnon, son of Tithonus and

Aurora and king of the Ethi.
opians. His death at the hands
of Achilles was the subject of
the Aethiopis of Arctinus, &
cyclic poet. S. i. 10. 36
Mena, or Menas, a name contracted

from the Greek Menodorus. He

MAECENAS, a Roman knight, friend

of Augustus, and patron of
Horace, S. i. 1. 1; i. 3. 64; i. 5.
27, 31, 48; i. 6.1; i. 9. 43; i. 10.
81 ; ii. 3. 312; ii. 6. 31, 38, 41; ii.
7. 33 ; ii. 8. 16, 22; E. i. 1. 3; i.

7. 5; i. 19. 1
Maecius, i.e. Spurius Maecius Tarpa,

a critic of the drama known to
Cicero (Ad fam. vii. 1), A.P. 387
Maenius, a spendthrift, who figured

in Lucilius, s. i. 3. 21; E. i. 15.

Menander, famous writer of the

New Attic Comedy, lived from
342 to 290 B.C., S. ii. 3. 11; E.

ji. l. 57
Menelaus, son of Atreus, brother of

Agamemnon, and husband of

Helen, S. ii. 3. 198. See Atrides
Menenius, a madman, S. ii. 3. 287
Mercurialis, adj., of Mercury, the

god of gain, S. ii. 3. 25
Mercurius, Mercury, son of Jupiter

and Maia, and messenger of the
gods, god of gain and good

luck, s. ii. 3. 68 (cf. ii. 6. 5)
Messalla, a name associated with

the aristocratic Valerian gens.
M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus,
orator and historian, was consul
in 31 B.C., and triumphed over
the Aquitani in 27 B.C. He had
a brother, L. Gellius Publicola,
who was consul in 36 B.C. S.

i. 6. 42; i. 10. 85; A.P. 371
Messius, S. i. 5. 52, 54. See Cicirrhus
Metella, perhaps Caecilia Metella,

divorced wife of P. Cornelius
Lentulus Spinther, S. ii. 3. 239
Metellus, i.e. Q. Caecilius Metellus

Macedonicus, consul 143 B.C.,
political opponent of Scipio, S.

ii. 1. 67
Methymnaeus, adj., of Methymna,

a town in Lesbos, S. ii. 8. 50
Miletus, a city of Ionia in Asia

Minor, E. i. 17. 30
Milonius, according to Porphyrio,

a scurra or parasite, S. ii. 1. 24
Mimnermus, an elegiac poet of

Colophon, of the sixth century

B.C., E. i. 6. 65; ii. 2. 101
Minerva, goddess of wisdom, patro-

ness of arts and science, S. ii. 2.

3; A.P. 385
Minturnae, a town on the borders

of Latiuin and Campania, at the

mouth of the Liris, E. i, 5. 5
Minucius, who gave his name to

the Via Minucia, which ran from
Brundisium to Beneventum, E.
i. 18. 20

Misenum, a promontory of Cam-

pania, north of the bay of Naples,

S. ii. 4. 33
Mitylene, capital of Lesbos, E. i.

11. 17
Molossus, adj., of the Molossians,

who lived in Eastern Epirus, S.

ii. 6. 114
Moschus, a rhetorician from Per-

gamum, who was tried for poison.

ing, E, i. 5. 9
Mucius, a famous lawyer, probably

P. Mucius Scaevola, consul in 133
B.C., or his son Q. Mucius
Scaevola, consul in 95 B.C., E. ii.

2. 89
Mulvius, a parasite, S. ii. 7. 36
Munatius, son of L. Munatius

Plancus, the consul of 42 B.C.
(see Odes i. 7. 19; iii. 14. 28); E.

i. 3. 31
Murena, i.e. L. Licinius Murena,

brother-in-law of Maecenas, S: i.

5. 38
Musa, (1) a Muse, S. i. 5. 53; ii. 3.

105 ; ii. 6. 17; E. i. 3. 13; i. 8. 2;
i. 19. 28; ii. 1. 27, 133, 243 ; ii.
2. 92; A.P. 83, 141, 324, 407 ;

(2) Musa Antonius. See Antonius
Mutus, unknown elsewhere, E. i.

6. 22

Naevius, (1) a spendthrift, S. i. 1.

101 ; S. ii. 2. 68 (perhaps not the
same); (2) a poet from Campania
of the third century B.c. (he wrote
dramas and also an epic, the
Bellum Punicum, this last in

Saturnian verse), E. ii. 1. 53
Nasica, a man who, being in debt

to Coranus, gave him his daughter

in marriage, S. ii. 5. 57, 65, 67
Nasidienus, Rufus (probably a

fictitious name), a wealthy up-

start, S. ii. 8. 1, 58, 75, 84
Natta, a stingy person, S. i. 6. 124
Neptunus, Neptune, god of the sea,

E. i. 11. 10; A.P. 64
Nero, i.e. Tiberius Claudius Nero,

E. i. 8. 2; i. 9. 4; i. 12. 26; ii.

2. 1. See Claudius
Nestor, son of Neleus, king of

Pylus, oldest of the Greeks before
Troy, E. i. 2. 11

Nomentanus, (1) a spendthrift, who

figures in Lucilius, S. i. 1. 102 ;
i. 8. 11; ii. 1. 22; ii. 3. 175, 224;
(2) a parasite, S. ii. 8. 23, 25, 60
Novius, a money-lender, one of two

brothers, s. i. 3. 21; i. 6. 40; i.

6. 121
Numa, i.e. Numa Pompilius,

second king of Rome, E. i. 6.

27 ; ii. 1. 86
Numicius, unknown, E. i. 6. 1

OCTAVIUS, a poet and historian,

friend of Horace, S. i. 10. 82
Ofellus, a country neighbour of

Horace's, S. ii. 2. 2, 53, 112, 133
Olympia, the Olympic games, cele-

brated every four years at Olym-

pia, in Elis, E. i. 1. 50
Opimius, a miser, S. ii. 3. 142
Oppidius, i.e. Servius Oppidius, a
man of Canusium who had two
sons, Aulus and Tiberius, s. ii.

3. 163, 171, 173
Orbilius, a native of Beneventum,

who set up a school there, and

later in Rome, E. ii. 1. 71
Orbius, a rich landowner, E. ii. 2.

Orcus, a god of the lower world,

Death, S. ii. 5. 49; E. ii. 2. 178
Orestes, son of Agamemnon and

Clytemnestra. He killed his
mother and was driven mad by
the Furies. S. ii. 3. 133, 137;

A.P. 124
Origo, a mimu, or actress, s. i. 2.

Orpheus, a mythical bard of Thrace,

whose song charmed wild beasts,

A.P. 392
Oscus, adj., Oscan, of the Oscans,

a primitive people of Italy, S. i.

5. 54
Osiris, an Egyptian deity, husband

of Isis, E. i. 17. 60


PACIDEIANUS, a gladiator," the best

that ever lived,” according to

Lucilius, S. ii. 7. 97
Pacuvius, famous writer of
Ulysses, S. ii. 5. 76, 81 ; E, i. 2.

Palatinus, adj., of the Palatine,

where Augustus in 28 B.C. dedi.
cated a temple to Apollo, with a

public library, E. i. 3. 17
Pantilius, unknown, S. i. 10. 78
Pantolabus, a parasite. The name

is probably coined for satire
(πάν+λαβείν, “all-receiver "), S.

i. 8. 11; ii. 1. 22
Paris, son of Priam and Hecuba,

who carried off Helen, wife of
Menelaus, and so led to the Trojan

war, E. i. 2. 6, 10
Parius, adj., of Paros, an island of

the Cyclades in the Aegaean,
famous for its marble and as the
birthplace of Archilochus, E. i.

19. 23
Parmensis. See Cassius
Parthus, a Parthian. The Parthians

lived north-east of the Caspian
Sea, S. ii. 1. 15; ii. 5. 62; E. i.

18. 56; ii. 1. 112, 256
Paulus, a cognomen of the Aemilian

gens, to which belonged L.
Aemilius Paulus, consul in 216
B.C. ; his son, the conqueror of
Perseus, and the younger Scipio
Africanus, the latter's son, S. i.

6. 41
Pausiacus, adj., of Pausias, a Greek

painter from Sicyon, contempor.
ary of Apelles in the fourth

century B.C., S. ii. 7. 95
Pedanus, adj., of Pedum, a town

between Tibur and Praeneste,

E. i. 4. 2
Pediatia, a feminine name given in

contempt to one Pediatius, &
Roman knight who had lost both

fortune and repute, S. i. 8. 39
Pedius, an orator, probably the son

of Q. Pedius, who was consul in

43 B.C., S. i. 10. 28
Peleus (the subject of a tragedy by

Sophocles), son of Aeacus, was
driven from Aegina for the murder
of his half-brother Phocus, A.P.

96, 104

tragedies, nephew of Ennius, E.

ii. l. 56. See Ilione

Pelides, son of Peleus, Achilles, E.

i. 2. 12. See Achilles
Penates, the Penates, household

gods, S. ii. 3. 176; E. i. 7. 94
Penelope, the faithful wife of

Pentheus, king of Thebes, torn in

pieces by his mother Agave
because he had mocked at the
rites of Bacchus, E. i. 16. 73.

See Agave
Perellius, a banker, perhaps the

same as Cicuta, $. ii. 3. 75
Persius, a wealthy man of Clazo-

menae, born of a Greek father and
a Roman mother, S. i. 7. 2, 4, 19,

Petillius Capitolinus, said to have

been accused of stealing the gold
crown from the statue of Jupiter
on the Capitol, and to have been
acquitted by Caesar.

The story
is an exaggeration, because the
name Capitolinus, which is said
to have been given Petillius be-
cause of the charge, was a cogno-
men of the Petillia gens, and the
crime of stealing the crown of
Jupiter is proverbial in the plays

of Plautus. S. i. 4. 94; i. 10. 26
Petrinus, a town in the Falernian

district, E. i. 5. 5
Phaeax, a Phaeacian. The Phae.

acians were mythic inhabitants
of Corcyra, subjects of Alcinous,
and living in luxury, E. i. 15. 24
Philippi, a town of Macedonia,

now Filibi, where Brutus and
Cassius were defeated by Oc-
tavius and Antony, 42 B.C., E.

ii. 2. 49
Philippus, (1) L. Marcius Philip-

pus, consul 91 B.C., a distin-
guished lawyer, E. i. 7. 46, 52,
64, 66, 78, 89, 90; (2) a gold coin,
the Mac oniai stater, bearing
the head of Philip the Great,
worth rather more than one

guinea, or five dollars, E. ii. 1. 234
Philodemus, of Gadara, poet and

Epicurean philosopher, who lived
at Rome in the time of Cicero,

S. i. 2. 121
Phraates, king of the Parthians,

who in 20-19 B.C. restored to the
Romans the standards taken
from Crassus at Charrae, E. i.
12. 27

Picenus, adj., of Picenum, a dis.

trict of Italy on the Adriatic,

S. ii. 3. 272; ii. 4. 70
Pierius, adj., Pierian, Thessalian,

from Pieria in Thessaly, haunted

by the Muses, A.P. 405
Pindaricus, adj., of Pindar, from

Thebes in Boeotia, greatest of
the Greek lyric poets, E. i. 3.

Pisones or Pisos, a father and two

sons, to whom the Ars Poetica is
addressed. According to Por-
phyrio, the father was L. Cal.
purnius Piso, praefectus urbi in
A.D. 14.

Others hold that he was
Cn. Calpurnius Piso, who, like
Horace, fought under Brutus
and Cassius at Philippi. He had
a son, Cneius, who was consul
7 B.C., and another Lucius, who
was consul in 1 B.C. A.P. 6, 235.

See Pompilius
Pitholeon, according to Bentley

same as Pitholaus, who
libelled Julius Caesar in his
verses (Suetonius, Iulius, 75),

S. i. 10. 22
Plato, (1) the comic poet, repre-

sentative of Attic Middle
Comedy, S. ii. 3. 11; (2) cele-
brated Greek philosopher, dis-
ciple of Socrates, S. ii. 4. 3
Plautinus, adj., of Plautus, A.P.

Plautus, Roman comic poet, who

died in 184 B.C. ; E. ii. 1. 58, 170;

A.P. 54
Plotius, i.e. Plotius Tucca, friend

of Virgil and Horace. He and
Varius were Virgil's literary

executors. S. i. 5. 40 ; i. 10. 81
Polemon, a luxurious Athenian

youth, reformed by Xenocrates,
whom he succeeded as head of
the Academic school of philo.

sophy, S. ii. 3. 254
Pollio, i.e. C. Asinius Pollio, dis-

tinguished as statesman, orator,
historian, and tragic poet, S.

i. 10. 42, 85
Pollux, twin brother of Castor,

E. ii. 1. 5 (cf. S. ii. 1. 26)
Pompeius Grosphus. See Grosphus

Pythia, the Pythian games, cele.
brated every five years at Delphi

in honour of Apollo, A.P. 414
Pythias, a maid figuring as a char.
acter in a play of Caecilius, A.P.

Pompilius, alj., Pompilian. The

Calpurnian gens, to which the
Pisones belonged, claimed de-
scent from Numa Pompilius,

second king of Rome. A.P. 292
Pomponius, à dissolute youth, S.

i. 4. 52
Porcius, a parasite of Nasidienus.

The name is probably fictitious
and chosen for its meaning

(porcus, a pig), S. ij. 8. 23
Praeneste, an ancient city of

Latium, now Palestrina, E. i.

2. 2
Praenestinus, adj., of Praeneste,

S. i. 7. 28
Priamides, son of Priam, Hector,

S. i. 7. 12
Priamus, Priam, king of Troy, S.

ii. 3. 195; A.P. 137
Priapus, god of gardens (his image

served as a kind of scarecrow),

S. i. 8. 2
Priscus, a changeable person, S.

ii. 7. 9
Procne, wife of Tereus and sister

of Philomela, changed into a

swallow, A.P. 187
Proserpina, daughter of Ceres and

wife of Pluto, S. ii. 5. 110
Proteus, a sea-god, who had the

power of changing himself into
all kinds of forms, $. ii. 3. 71;

E. i. 1. 90
Publicola, cognomen of Q. Pedius,

S. i. 10. 28, though some take it
there with Corvinus. See Mes-

Publius, a praenomen, S. ii. 5. 32
Pupius, a tragic poet, E. i. 1. 67
Pusilla, a pet name for a girl,

meaning “tiny," S. ii. 3. 216
Puteal. See Libo
Pylades, faithful friend of Orestes,

S. ii. 3. 139
Pyrria, a maid - servant who
figured in a togata of Titinius,

E. i. 13. 14
Pythagoras, a philosopher of Samos
of the sixth century B.C., who
believed in the transmigration of

souls, S. ii. 4. 3; ii. 6. 63
Pythagoreus, adj., of Pythagoras,

E. ii. 1. 52

QUINCTIUS, unknown except from E.

i. 16. 1
Quinquatrus, a festival of five days
in honour of Minerva, beginning
on March 19th, during which
school-boys had' holidays, E. ii.

2. 197
Quintilius, i.e. Quintilius Varus, of

Cremona, a friend of Virgil and

Horace (see Odes i. 24), A.P. 438
Quintus, (1) Horace's own praeno.

men, s. ij. 6. 37; (2) an ordinary

praenomen, S. ii. 3. 243; ii. 5. 32
Quirinus, i.e. Romulus, representa-

tive of the Roman people, S.

i. 10. 32
Quiris, a Roman citizen, E. i. 6. 7
RAMNES, one of the three centuries

of equites or knights established
by Romulus. They represent
the equites of Horace's day, and
stand for young men as contrasted

with old. A.P. 342
Rex, i.e. Rupilius Rex, of Praeneste,

who served in Africa under Attius
Verus, became Praetor under
Julius Caesar, and later joined
the army of Brutus, S. i. 7. 1, 5,
6, 9, 19, 25, 35
Rhenus, the river Rhine, s. i. 10.

37 ; A.P. 18
Rhodius, adj., of Rhodes, S.

i. 10. 22
Rhodos, the island of Rhodes, off

the south-west coast of Asia

Minor, E. i. 11. 17, 21
Roma, Rome, i. 5. 1; i. 6. 76;

ii. 1. 59; ii. 6. 23; ii. 7. 13, 28; E.
i. 2. 2; i. 7. 44 ; i. 8. 12; i. 11.
11, 21 ; i. 14. 17; i. 16. 18; i. 20.
10; ii. 1. 61, 103, 256; ii. 2. 41,

65, 87

Romanus, adj., Roman, S. i. 4.

85; i. 6. 48 ; ii. 1. 37; ii. 2. 10,
52; ii. 4. 10; ii. 7. 54; E. i. 1. 70;
i. 3. 9; i. 12. 25; i. 18. 49; ii. 1.

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