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29; ii. 2. 94; A.P. 54, 113, 264,

285, 325
Romulus, the mythical founder of

Rome, E. ii. 1. 5. See Quirinus
Roscius, (1) a person unknown, S.

ii. 6. 35 ; (2) the great actor, a
friend of Cicero, E. ii. 1. 82; (3)
adj., Rościan. The Roscian Law,
passed by L. Roscius Otho in
67 B.C., gave the first fourteen
rows in the theatre to the equites,
who had to have a property
minimum of 400,000 sesterces, E.

i. 1, 62
Rubi, now Ruvo, a town about

thirty miles from Canusium, S.

i. 5. 94
Rufa, a pet name for a girl (="red-

headed "), S. ii. 3. 216
Rutillus, an unknown fop, S. i. 2.

27 ; i. 4. 92
Rufus. See Nasidienus
Ruso, i.e. Octavius Ruso, a money.

lender, who also wrote histories,

S. i. 3. 86
Rutuba, a gladiator, S. ii. 7. 96
SABBATA, the Jewish Sabbath, S.

i. 9. 69
Sabellus, adj., Sabellian or Sabine,

of the Sabelli or Sabini, S. i. 9.

29 ; ii. 1. 36; E. i. 16. 49
Sabinus, (1) adj., Sabine, of the

Sabines, a people of Central Italy,
S. ii. 7. 118; E. i. 7. 77 ; ii. 1. 25 ;

(2) a friend of Torquatus, E. i. 5. 27
Sagana, a witch, S. i. 8. 25, 48
Salernum, a town in Campania,

now Salerno, E. i. 15. 1
Saliaris, adj., of the Salii, the

twelve dancing priests of Mars,

E. ii. 1. 86
Sallustius, i.e. C. Sallustius Crispus,

grand - nephew of the historian

Sallust (see Odes ii. 2), S. i. 2. 48
Samnites, the Samnites, living in

Central Italy, E. ii. 2. 98
Samos, an island off the coast of

Asia Minor, now Samo, E. i. 11.

2, 21
Sappho, the famous poetess of

Lesbós, of the sixth century B.C.,

E. i. 19. 28
Sardis, capital of Lydia, E. i. 11. 2

Sardus, adj., from Sardinia, S. i. 3.

5; A.P. 375
Sarmentus, a slave of M. Favonius,

of Etruscan birth, freed by Mae-
cenas, became a scriba in the
quaestor's department and sat
among the equites. When old he
was reduced to poverty, S. i. 5.

52, 55, 56
Satureianus, adj., of Saturium, the

district in which Tarentum in
southern Italy was founded, S. i.

6. 59
Saturnalia, a festival beginning on

the 17th December, during which
the Romans granted much licenco

to their slaves, S. ii. 3. 5
Satnrnius (numerus), the Saturnian

measure, a verse form native to
Italy, used by Livius Andronicus
in his translation of the Odyssey,
and by Naevius in his epic on
the Punic War. It seems to have
been based on accent rather than

on quantity, E. iii. 1. 158
Satyrus, a satyr, a companion of

Bacchus, represented with the
ears and tail of a goat. Also
used in pt. of the Greek Satyric
drama, in which Satyrs formed
the chorus. E. i. 19. 4; ii. 2. 125 ;

A.P. 221, 226, 233, 235
Scaeva, (1) a spendthrift, who poi.

soned his mother, S. ii. 1. 53 ;
(2) the unknown person to whom

E. i. 17 is addressed ; see p. 358
Scaurus, adj., " with swollen

ankles," perhaps a proper name

in S. i. 3. 48
Scetanus, a profligate, S. i. 4. 112
Scipiadas, one of the family of the

Scipios, a Scipio (the form was

used by Lucilius), S. ii. 1. 17, 72
Scylla, a sea-monster dwelling on

one side of the Straits of Messene,

A.P. 145. See Charybdis
September, adj., belonging to Sep-

tember, the seventh month of

the Roman year, E. i. 16. 16
Septicius, a friend of Torquatus, E.

i. 5. 26
Septimius, a friend of Horace, whom

the poet introduces to Tiberius
in E. i. 9

Stoicus, a Stoic, S. ii. 3. 160, 300
Suadela, the goddess of Persuasion,

a personification (=lleców), E.

i. 6. 38
Sulcius, a public prosecutor, S.

i. 4. 65
Sulla, i.e. L. Cornelius Sulla, the

dictator, S. i. 2. 64
Surrentum, a city at the south end

of the Bay of Naples, now Sor.

rento, E, i. 17. 52
Syrus, (1) a common slave-name,
S. i. 6. 38; (2) a gladiator, S. ii.
6. 44

Servilius (Balatro). See Balatro
Servius, (1) perhaps the son of

Servius Sulpicius Rufus, a lawyer
and friend of Cicero, S. i. 10. 86;

(2) see Oppidius
Sextilis, the sixth month of the

Roman year, afterwards called

August, E. i. 7. 2; i. 11. 19
Siculus, ailj., Sicilian, E. i. 2. 58 ;

i. 12. 1; ii. 1. 58; A.P. 463
Sidonius, adj., of Sidon, a city of

Phoenicia, Phoenician, E. i. 10.

26
Silenus, an old Satyr, chief attend-

ant of Bacchus, A.P. 239
Silvanus, an Italian god of forests

and the country, E. ii. 1. 143
Simo, an old man, figuring in a

comedy of Caecilius, A.P. 238
Sinuessa, a town of Latium, near

the modern Mondragone, S. i. 5.

40
Sinnessanus, adj., of or near Sinu-

essa, E. i. 5. 5
Siren, a Siren. The Sirens were

fabu creatures, half maiden,
half bird, living on rocky islands
near the Campanian coast, and
with their songs enticing sailors
to their destruction. See Homer,

Odyssey, xii. S. ii. 3. 14 ; E. i. 2. 22
Sisenna, a foul-mouthed person, S.

i. 7. 8
Sisyphus, (1) a dwarf in the house

of M. Antonius, S. i. 3. 47; (2)
mythical founder of Corinth,
famous for its bronze, subject of
a Satyric drama of Aeschylus,

S. ii. 3. 21
Smyrna, a famous city of Ionia, E.

i. 11. 3
Socraticus, adj., of Socrates, the

famous Athenian philosopher,

A.P. 310
Sophocles, famous Greek tragic

poet of the 5th century B.C., E.

ii. 1. 163
Sosii, brothers, who were Horace's

booksellers, E. i. 20. 2; A.P. 345
Staberius, a miser, S. ii. 3. 84, 89
Stertinius, (1) a philosopher, who

wrote 220 volumes on Stoicism;
S. ii. 3. 33, 296 ; (2) adj., of Ster-

tinius, E. i. 12. 20

TANAIS, a freedman of Maecenas, a

eunuch, S. i. 1. 105
Tantalus, a Phrygian king, who
offered his own child as food for
the gods, and was punished in
Hades by a craving for food and
drink that escaped his reach, S.

i. 1. 68
Tarentinus, adj., of Tarentum,

where a famous purple dye was

produced, E. ii. 1. 207
Tarentum, a city of Calabria in

southern Italy, now Taranto, S.
i. 6. 105; ii. 4. 34; E. i. 7. 45 ;

i. 16. 11
Tarpa, i.e. Sprius Maecius Tarpa,

S. i. 10. 38. See Maecius
Tarquinius, i.e. Tarquinius Super-

bus, last king of Rome, S. i. 6. 13
Taurus, i.e. T. Statilius Taurus,

who was consul for the second

time in 26 B.C., E. i. 5. 4
Teanun, i.e. Teanum Sidicinum, a

town in Campania, now Teano,

E. i. 1. 86
Telemachus, son of Ulysses and

Penelope, who visited Menelaus
in Sparta in quest of news of his
father (Homer, Odyssey iv.), E. i.

7. 40
Telephus, son of Hercules, and king

of Mysia. He was wounded by
the spear of Achilles, but finally
healed by its rust.

This was the
subject of a tragedy by Euri.

pides, A.P. 96, 104
Tellus, the goddess Earth, all.

nourishing, E. ii. 1. 143
Terentius, i.e. P. Terentius Afer,

comic poet, who lived 185-159

B.C., S. i. 2. 20; ii. 1. 59
Teucer, son of Telamon, king of

Salamis, and Hesione, and brother
of Ajax, S. ii. 3. 204. See Aiax
Thebao, a city of Boeotia, founded

by Cadmus with the help of Am.
phion, birth-place of Pindar, s.
ii. 5. 84; E. i. 16. 74 ; ii. 1. 213;

A.P. 118
Thebanus, adj., of Thebes, E. i. 3.

13; A.P. 394
Theoninus, adj., of Theon, an un.

known person of a bitter tongue,

E. i. 18. 82
Thespis, of Icaria, who first exhi.

bited tragedies in Athens, E. ii.

1. 163; A.P. 276
Thessalus, adj., of Thessaly, a

country of northern Greece,
famous for magic and drugs, E.

ii. 2. 209
Thraca, Thrace, a land north of

Greece, E. i. 3. 3; i. 16. 13
Thrax, adj., Thracian, or as subst.,

a Thracian, a naine given to a
gladiator who was armed with
a Thracian buckler and short

sword, S. ii. 6. 4; E. i. 18. 36
Thurinus, adj., of Thurii, a town of

Lucania, on the Tarentine Gulf,

S. ii. 8. 20
Thyestes, son of Pelops, brother of

Atreus, who placed before him for

food his own son, A.P. 91
Tiberinus, adj., of the Tiber, S. ii.

2. 31; E. i. 11. 4
Tiberis, the Tiber, river of Rome,

now Tevere ; S. i. 9. 18; ii. 1. 8;

ii. 3. 292 ; E. i. 11. 19
Tiberius, (i) i.e. Tiberius Claudius

Nero. See Claudius ; (2) son of
Oppidius, S. ii. 3. 173
Tibur, ancient city of Latium, on

the Anio, now Tivoli, E. i. 7. 45 ;

i. 8. 12; ii. 2. 3
Tiburs, adj., of Tibur, Tiburtine,

S. i. 6. 108; ii. 4. 70
Tigellius, a freedman from Sar.

dinia, a favourite of Caesar and
of Cleopatra, a well-known mu-
sician, S. i. 2. 3; i. 3. 4; probably
the same as Hermogenes Tigel.
lius. See Hermogenes

Tillius, probably a brother of Tillius

Cimber, who was among Caesar's
assassins. He was removed from
the senate by Caesar, but later
resumed his dignities and became
a tribune of the soldiers, also, it
would seem, a praetor, S. i. 6.
24, 107
Timagenes, a native of Alexandria,

was taken prisoner by A. Gabinius
and sold as a slave. In Rome,
where he received his freedom
through Faustus, son of Sulla,
he taught rhetoric, and won as
patrons, first Augustus and then
Asinius Pollio, with whom he

lived at Tusculum. E. i. 19. 15
Tiresias, famous blind soothsayer

of Thebes, S. ii. 5. 1
Tisiphone, one of the Furies, S.

i. 8. 34
Titius, a young Roman who ven.

tured to present the Greek poet

Pindar in Latin dress, E. i. 3. 9
Torquatus, a friend of Horace, per-

haps the Aulus Torquatus who,
according to Nepos in his life of
Atticus (c. xi.), was with Brutus
and Cassius at Philippi. He is
addressed in Odes iv. 7 and E.

i. 5. 3
Trausius, an unknown person, both

poor and extra vagant, S. ii. 2. 99
Trebatius, i.e. C. Trebatius Testa,

a lawyer of distinction, a friend
of Cicero and of Caesar, From
Cicero's Letters (Ad fam. vii. 6-22)
addressed to him, we learn that
he was a good swimmer and a hard

drinker. S. ii. 1. 4, 78
Trebonius, an adulterer, S. i. 4. 114
Triquetra, adj., “three-cornered,"

applied to Sicily, S. ii. 6. 55
Trivicum, a town of Apulia, now

Trevico, s, i. 5. 79
Troia, Troy, S. ii. 3. 191 ; ii. 5. 18;

;
E. i. 2. 19; A.P. 141
Troianus, adj., of Troy, E. i. 2. 1;

A.P. 147
Tullius, i.e. Servius Tullius, sixth

king of Rome, born a slave, S. i.

6. 9
Turbo, a gladiator, of small stature
but great courage, S. ii. 3. 310

Valerius, i.e. P. Valerius Publicola,

colleague of Brutus after the ex-
pulsion of the kings, S. i. 6. 12.

See Messalla
Valgius, i.e. C. Valgius Rufus, con-

sul 12 B.C., an elegiac poet, to
whom Od. ii. 9 is addressed, S.

i. 10. 82
Varia, a small town in the Sabine

territory, now Vico Varo, E. i.

14. 3
Varius, i.e., L. Varius, tragic and

epic poet, friend of Virgil and
Horace, S. i. 5. 40, 93 ; i. 6. 55 ;
i. 9. 23 ; i. 10. 44, 81 ; S. ii. 8. 21,
63; E. ii. 1. 247; A.P. 55. See

Plotius
Varro Atacinus, i.e. P. Terentius

Varro, called Atacinus from his
birth-place on the river Atax
(Aude) in Gallia Narbonensis.
He wrote Argonautica, and,
according to Horace, Satires, S.

i. 10. 46
Veianius, a retired gladiator, E. i.

1. 4
Veiens, of Veii, Veientine. Veii was

an old town in Etruria, destroyed
by Camillus, near Isola Farnese,
eleven miles north of Rome, E.

ii. 2. 167
Velia, a town of Lucania, also called

Eléa, associated with the Eleatic

School of philosophy, E. i. 15. 1.
Velina, adj., with tribus “tribe

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Turius, praetor in 76 B.C., S. ii. 1. 49
Tuscus, adj., of Etruria, Etruscan,

or Tuscan, applied to the Tiber,
which rises in Etruria, S. ii. 2. 33;
to the Vicus Tuscus, a street
leading from the Forum to the
Velabrum, and perhaps named
from the Etruscan workmen who
once lived there, S. ii. 3. 228 ; to
the sea, south and west of Italy,

E. ii. 1. 202
Tyndaridae, children of Tyndareus
and Leda, including Castor and
Pollux, Helen and Clytemnestra,
the last of whom slew her hus.
band Agamemnon on his return

from Troy, $. i. 1. 100
Tyrius, adj., of Tyre, a city of Phoe.
nicia famous for its purple, S. ii.

4. 84; E. i. 6. 18
Tyrrhenus, adj., of the Tyrrheni or
Etruscans, who were famous for

their bronze-work, E. ii. 2. 180
Tyrtaeus, a writer of elegiac verse,
said to be a native of Attica, who
with his songs aided the Spartans
in their Second Messenian War,
A.P. 402

understood. The Veline tribe
was one of the last of the thirty.
five tribes of Roman citizens to

be formed, E. i. 6. 52
Venafranus, adj., of Venafrum, S.

ii. 4. 69
Venafrum, now Venafro, the most

northern town of Campania,
celebrated for its olives, S. ii. 8.

45
Venucula, name of a grape, S. ii.

4. 71
Venus, daughter of Jupiter and

Dione, goddess of love and

beauty, E. i. 6. 38 ; i. 18. 21
Venusinus, adj., of Venusia, an

old Samnite town in Apulia, near
which Horace was born, s. ii. 1.
35

Ulixes, Ulysses, the hero Odysseus

of the Odyssey, S. ii. 3. 197, 204;
ii. 5. 100; E. i. 2. 18; i. 6. 63;
i. 7. 40. Cf. A.P. 141 and see

Laertiades
Ulubrae, a small town of Latium,

near the Pomptine marshes, E.

i. 11. 30
Umber, adj., Umbrian, of the

Umbri, a tribe of Northern Italy,

S. ii. 4. 40
Umbrenus, a veteran soldier, S. ii.

2. 133
Ummidius, a rich and mean man, S.

i. 1. 95
Utica, a town in Africa, north of

Carthage, E. i. 20. 13
Vacuna, a Sabine goddess, whose

name popular etymology associ-
ated with vacuus, “idle,” E. i.

10. 49
Vala, probably Numonius Vala, a

friend of Horace, addressed in E.
i. 15

Vergilius, i.e., P. Vergilius Maro,

the great poet Virgil, S. i. 5. 40,
48 ; i. 6. 55 ; i. 10. 45, 81; E. ii.

1. 247 ; A.P. 55
Vertumnus, the god of the chang-

ing seasons, and the god of ex-
change (buying and selling). A
statue of the god stood at the
end of the Vicus Tuscus, where it
entered the Forum. . ii. 7. 14;

E. i. 20. 1
Vesta, goddess of the hearth and

household, emblem of family life.
The Temple of Vesta in Rome
stood at the east end of the
Forum. S. i. 9. 35; E. ii. 2.

114
Via Sacra, oldest and most famous

street in Rome, running from the
Velia through the Forum along
the foot of the Palatine; probably
called sacra because of the shrines
along its course, s. i. 9. 1 (cf.
Epode iv. 7)
Vibidius, a parasite of Maecenas,

S. ii. 8. 22, 33, 40, 80
Villius, perhaps Sextus Villius,

friend of Milo, S. i. 2. 64
Vinius, the person addressed in E.

i. 13. From l. 8 it is inferred
that his cognomen was Asina,
or Asellus. The former is found

with the Cornelian gens; the
latter with the Annia and Claudia

gentes
Viscus and pl. Visci. Nothing

certain is known of these men,
except that one, being called
Thurinus, doubtless came from
Thurii. The scholiast says that
the two mentioned in the tenth
satire, Book I., were brothers,
sons of Vibius Viscus, a rich
friend of Augustus, who remained
an eques even after his sons had
become senators, S. i. 9. 22 ; i. 10.

83; ii. 8. 20
Visellius, unknown, S. i. 1. 105
Volanerius, a parasite, S. ii. 7. 15
Volcanus, Vulcan, god of fire, s.

i. 5. 74
Volteius Mena, E. i. 7, 55, 64, 91.

See Mena
Voranus, a thief, S. i. 8. 39

ZEPHYRUS, god of the west wind,

E. i. 7. 13
Zethus, brother of Amphion, whose

lyre he despised, being himself a
shepherd and huntsman.

The
story of the two was told in the
Antiope of Euripides, and the
Antiope of Pacuvius, E. i. 18
42. See Amphion

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