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mind is finite or not depends upon the world by argument or reasoning as it is meaning we attach to the word finite. to establish in the same way any fact or There is no fixed limitation upon the ex condition within the realm of human pansion of the human mind in this knowledge or belief. world, to say nothing of another. Every Assuming that matter is indestructinew acquisition of knowledge, especially ble, as all scientists admit, or in other of things invisible, is a step in the direc- words, the invisible elements of which tion of the infinite. We are constantly it is composed are indestructible, is it not learning more and more of the things perfectly logical to argue that life is inwhich are not seen, and no one can tell destructible? We cannot see life any when this will stop, if it ever stops. I more than we can see electricity, but we cannot differentiate life, mind, soul, or can see physical objects animated by life. spirit from each other, but subject to the Manifestly life emanates from the same limitations of animal nature, it seems to source from which all other unseen and me they must be considered as a unity eternal things emanate. There seems to the one invisible, spiritual and eternal be no good reason why one affluence of man. That there is both a physical or the Deity should be everlasting and not material world and an invisible or spir another.
tree or an animal itual world, admits of no doubt. We do dies its life loses its identity in the great not know what is in the spiritual world storehouse of life, just as a drop of water as we know what is in the physical loses its identity when it falls into the world, but the revelations of science and ocean. Its individuality is gone, but its• the teachings of human observation and existence is not destroyed. experience constitute premises from How, then, is it with the life of man? which we may argue with reasonable Has man a conscious, individual existcertainty as to results.
ence beyond the grave? This is not an This is only applying to spiritual easy question to answer outside of revethings what we apply every day to the lation. Men and the lower animals have practical affairs of life. We accept as true so many things in common that it is a thousand things which are only infer- argued, with some force, that the differentially or argumentatively true. No ence between them is one of degree and man knows that he will be alive tomor and not of kind. This argument, howIow, but from existing conditions he ar ever, is unsatisfactory in many particugues that he will, and acts upon this con lars. Everybody knows that there is a clusion with as much confidence as manifest difference between man and the though he had actual knowledge of the brute creation. This fact is so self-evifact. To one has seen or can see the law dent that it may be taken without discusof gravitation any more than he can see sion as the basis of an argument. the Supreme being, but the belief in this The question, then, is, what is the diflaw is universal and its existence is dem ference, and from what source or cause onstrated by argument from other facts. does it proceed? I believe it to be reasTake the nebular hypothesis which is onably certain without reference to Bithat when the earth was without form ble authority, that the difference is this: and void it existed in an ultra gaseous Man has a spiritual life or body not posstate. This theory, which I understand sessed by the lower order of animals. I is now quite generally accepted by scien-' submit, in support of this proposition the tists and which relates to conditions mil almost universal conviction of mankind lions of years ago, is nothing more than that such is the fact. Budda, Plato, an argumentative conclusion, based Jesus and Mahomet taught, and their chiefly upon observations made by Her followers hold to, this doctrine, and even schel since he propounded the theory in the untutored savage has an idea of an 1811. Illustrations of this kind might be after life in his happy hunting grounds. multiplied indefinitely. I refer to the Nobody will claim, I presume, that beasts, foregoing to make this point—that it is birds and fishes have any such c011just as logical and just as reasonable to sciousness. How did this idea originate establish conditions in the spiritual if there is nothing in the universe to cor
respond with it? Every other aspiration ligion, and the principles of morality and of human nature implies the possibility justice, and may develop a high degree of its attainment. Man's capacity to of mental and spiritual intelligence. No comprehend and reason upon abstract animal is susceptible of this, and I say propositions is a fact of great weight in that this proves not only that man is this connection. Bacon, Newton, and more than any animal, but that in every Shakespeare had something in them human being there is a germ of spiritual which all men have to a certain extent, life which, under nutritous surroundings, but which the beasts of the field do not may be expanded into the highest attrihave. This is a difference of kind and butes of human nature. We know from not of degree. Religion of. some sort is experience that we have two kinds of a universal characteristic of man. There life within us. are no degrees of difference between men Every man, or at least every civilized and animals in this respect. The differ man, knows that when he is tempted to erence is radical and absolute. Seli do an act of cruelty or injustice there is knowledge alone is sufficient to show something in him that antagonizes the that man is something more than an temptation and remonstrates against the animal. No man can divest hini act. This is the spiritual man performself of the conviction that he has ing his legitimate functions. I know that something in him more independ this spiritual man may be dwarfed into ent, more intelligent and more enduring a flickering existence by neglect and a • than mere animal instinct.
long course of animal indulgence. Nevtwo theories extant as to the origin of ertheless, he is a natural enemy of the spiritual being. One is that it was im licentious and grovelling propensities of parted by the giver of all life, and the animal life and cannot, as it seems to me, other is that it is an emanation from the be the outgrowth or offspring of these animal through the process of evolution. propensities. I believe in evolution to a certain extent, If it is true that “the spirit lustet!ı but I do not believe that life was evolved against the flesh
flesli from inert matter. I do not believe that against the spirit," and know a stick or a straw can of itself generate that it is, it is hard to believe life. Darwin, the great apostle of evolu that these enemies of each other tion, was forced to admit that life was are of common origin. Do all the virimparted by the “Great First Cause” to tues and all the vices of mankind spring a filiment of matter and upon this pri from the same source? Do men gather mary fact he constructs his whole system figs from thistles, or grapes from thorns? of evolution. Assuming this to be true, Assuming that God, or the Great First and I have no doubt that life was imparted Cause, imparted spiritual to animal life, and not evolved, I hold that when man it cannot be supposed that this proceedappeared upon the earth by direct crea ure in the Divine economy was without a tion or otherwise, the Great First Cause purpose. Animals were intended to be imparted to him spiritual life, and this is inhabitants of the material world and what makes man man and differ- spiritual beings to be inhabitants of the entiates him from the brute
spiritual world. If a man dies as the ation. I claim that it is
is just beast of the field dies, the bestowment of reasonable and just
logical · a spiritual nature upon him would seem to argue that God imparted spiritual life to have been a useless and purposeless to an animal as it is to argue that God act. Individuality is the law of life in imparted life to inanimate matter. the material world, and it must be the Some one may ask here, what about law of life in the spiritual world. I acthose people whose lives but cept the teachings of the Scriptures upon little above the animals? My this subject, but independent of these I swer is this: Take a juvenile sav hold that there is enough within human age, no matter how wild he may be, knowledge and human experience to place him in good society and under edu- justify the conclusion that cational influences and he can be taught If a man dies, he shall live again. at least the rudiments of science and re
LIVING ON $25.00 A WEEK. (Concluded.) The more I pondered the assertion Narcisse, and this is how they do it. made by Narcisse to the effect that no To begin with, they are people of reyoung man could afford to marry upon fined tastes, accustomed, up to the time a salary of $25.00 a week, the more they left their respective parental rooffirmly convinced I became that he was trees, to a mild degree of luxury. They laboring under a delusion. And the de were, according to their own confession, termination grew upon me to prove to sufficiently in love with each other to him, beyond all doubt and question, that disregard the advice of friends and relano young man of the right sort, whose tives, who dismally declared, individualincome amounted to that very modestly, and in chorus, that the step involved sum, could afford to remain single, pro
social suicide. viding, of course, he could find the ideal "We were not particularly interested of his dreams.
in society just then,” admitted my There is no use arguing the question young hostess, with a charming smile, with Narcisse. Though of a most rare and a faint deepening of the rose in her and lovable nature, he will persist in cheek. “But we had no intention of beusurping the time-honored prerogative ing forgotten by our friends, or of givof woman, the last word. I usually let ing up anything we really cared about him have it without protest, thereby sav keeping. And in spite of the fact that ing breath and patience. One charming everybody regarded us as a pair of heedthing about him, however, is the readi- less; headstrong idiots, we gave our funess with which he yields when confront ture very serious consideration. Jack ed with facts, recognizing their stub knew that it meant the relinquishing of bornness, probably. Obviously, the many of his luxurious habits, for he had thing to do was to find the facts that never looked upon his salary as means would prove my position, and present of defraying his expenses while under them.
under his father's roof, and he rather I knew very well that there were doubted whether two people would be numbers of people of culture and refine able to exist upon far less than either ment, whose daily lives were a happy of them spent singly, per month, for refutation of Narcisse's idea, and I meant clothes. He even suggested waiting to discover them. It was not difficult till he had his salary raised. But 1-1 when I took the time and went about it suppose I was born with the housewife's seriously. Indeed, the evidence was so instinct largely predominant. I simply overwhelmingly in my favor that I began love to keep house. My mother was alto be rather sorry for Narcisse. But it ways a sensible woman, who insisted upwas so clearly a duty to society to give on her daughters learning how to cook an unprejudiced statement of the facts and sew and sweep. I took to it all so in the case, that I must not allow my naturally that my sisters used to say I sympathy to bar their publicity. In the ought to marry a poor man and do my first place, then, not to go away from own washing Yet,” she looked up home, there are the Van Klyes—I call smiling, "do you know, when I wanted them that because their name is some really to do it they all lifted their hands thing else. The Van Klves are young, in horror. Inconsistent, was it not?" they are married, and they live, not "But tell me," I said, glancing about board, upon an income of seventy-five the tastefully furnished, low-ceiled dollars a month, which is something less room, “how do you manage all this on per week than the amount mentioned by $75 a month?”
"Oh, that is simple enough. Any "No," she replied, “though I could girl could do it if she tried, and I know easily, if it were necessary. I have a ever so many who would like to try, woman who comes in every day for a but-"
while. She prepares and serves the din“But, what?"
ner, does the laundry work, washes the "Well, you see, there are not many windows and floors, and makes herself young men like Jack. Most of them generally useful.
Here are Janwant to begin where their fathers leave uary's bills. As it is a fair average, I off.”
will read it to you. First, there is the "I have heard that statement
made rent, $7. Have you got that down? from the other side, but go on, please.” Very well, then:"Oh, I was going to tell you how we Rent
.$7 00 managed, but you musn't write any
8 00 thing that will lead people to identify
Wood, for furnace and fire-
4 00 lis. In the first place, this house be
1 75 longs to Jack's uncle. It was an old,
1 50 tumble down sort
1 50 the neighborhood is not desirable
1 75 and the rent low. So we leased it for
1 30 three years with the privilege of buying Bread
1 00 if we could ever afford it. When Jack's
2 50 Sugar
1 50 uncle saw what an untenantable place it
Salt . was he said we could have it rent free
85 for a year providing we succeeded in
35 making it habitable, or he would put it
25 • Coffee
50 in order and let us have it for $7 per
35 month. We decided upon the latter,
35 when we found he would
1 50 changes we wanted within a certain lim
3 00 Confections
1 25 it. There are only six rooms, you see,
25 not counting the bath and pantry and
Pearline and ammonia
20 closets. There were originally two more,
Wood alcohol for chafing
40 but we had the partitions torn out, giv
15 ing us a wide hall with the fire place at
1 25 the end-really the pleasantest of all. We both have legions of relations and
. $44 60 they were sensible enough, knowing the "You see, there is something left over situation, to select the wedding presents for theaters, and concerts, car fare and with a view to our needs. I received
church contribution,” she said, when I household linen, blankets, bedding and had counted it up. “Jack will need a so on, enough to last a life time, and new suit in the spring, but I shall manJack's uncle looked aiter the china clos
age to get along this year with what I et. My father gave me a check, and I have.” had something left over with which to
"You are not able to add anything to start a bank account when the house that bank account," I said. was furnished. I am almost ashamed to
She smiled. “A penny now and then. tell you how little it all came to, but you But I assure you, we could can judge for yourself whether I sacri nicely on much less than we are in the ficed taste and comfort to economy.
habit of spending. It is all a matter of course, I have a gas range. No kitchen habit, you know.' is complete without one. The ordinary Perhaps she was right. Anyway, I cook stove is a tyrant which no self-re think that I have evidence enough to specting woman, whether mistress convince Narcisse that he, or any young maid, ought to submit to. Besides a man in his very exclusive and aristogas range saves the price of a servant."
cratic set, may safely marry on an in"Surely," I exclaimed, "you do not come of $25 a week, providing the girl do all your own work.”
of his choice knows how to keep house.
CONDUCTED BY DAVIS PARKER LEACH.
THE SON OF THE WOLF.
got's life, nothing more. Strange By Jack London.
thoughts arise unsummoned and the mysHoughton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.
tery of all things strives for utterance. There is always a strange fascination
And the fear of death, of God, of the uniin tales of the Artic zone of the deso
verse comes over him—the hope of the lation and immensity of its frozen fields,
Resurrection and the Life, the yearning its grandeur, its mysteries and its hor
for immortality, the vain striving of the rors. The spell of the wonderful north- imprisoned essence-it is then, if ever, land, so vividly set forth by Joaquin Mil
man walks alone with God.” ler and Hamlin Garland, was upon the
It is said that the author has used real author when he wrote these nine stories people as the material for the romances, of the Yukon and Northwest Territory.
and that Malemute Kid, Bettles, Lou Mr. London has been by some com
McFane, Father Roubean and others are pared to Kipling. This is a manifest in
well known along the Yukon. justice, for, young as he is, he has never
One's previous impression of the Indibeen accused of anything so atrocious as
an of the North will undergo a decided “The Absent-Minded Beggar.” He is change, and instead of the stolid, phlegabove all things original, sui generis, matic savage usually described, here he with a terse, vigorous style combines
is shown to be capable of heroism, loyalrealism and romance in a most effective
ty, enduring and romantic affection. manner and condenses worlds of mean
This phase of his character is especially ing into a few sentences.
brought out in "The Odyssey of the Fresh from the University of Califor- · North,” which is perhaps the strongest nia, he joined the great army of Argo- .
of the sketches, although the gruesome nauts who in 1897 invaded the icy wastes
tragedy, “In a Far Country,” is the most of the North in search of the Golden
horrible recital since Marcus Clarke's Fleece and in these powerful sketches he
“For the Term of His Natural Life," has given the world thrilling glimpses of published about a quarter of a century the comedy, tragedy and romance of that
ago. far-away land, as seen by him. His description of the “White Silence” is an
MYTHOLOGY FOR MODERNS. example of the rare genius of his word
By James S. Metcalfe. “Nature has many tricks
Life Publishing Co., N. Y. painting: wherewith she convinces man of his fin
If the man is a benefactor who makes ity—the ceaseless flow of the tides, the two blades of grass grow where one grew fury of the storm, the shock of the earth- before, then he who brings a laugh where quake, the long roll of heaven's artillery none existed must be classed as a philan--but the most tremendous, the most thropist. To this latter class belongs stupifying of all, is the passive phase of James Stetson Metcalfe, and his “Myththe White Silence. All movement ceas
ology for Moderns” will banish gloom es, the sky clears, the heavens are as from even the sick-chamber if not taken brass: the slightest whisper seems sac in too large doses. Few there are who rilege and man becomes timid, affrighted can render the classics into modern, at the sound of his own voice.
slangy speech, and since Eugene Field speck of life journeying across ghostly one almost resents the attempt as somewastes of a dead world, he trembles at thing like sacrilege. The author has his audacity, realizes that his is a mag shown rare skill in the adaptation, how