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mondbury. "The saide Walker hath a farme and some abilities of his owne.'

1655. The Four Last Things, by S. Birckbeck of Gilling, near Richmond. • If God have blissed thee with ability, bestow some portion thereof to pious uses.'

Able, adj. Sufficient, fit for use, sound. Lat. habilis.

1510. S.S. xxxv. 264. Ampleforth, N. R. Y. Fenestræ vitreæ cum coopertura . sunt sufficientes, viz, abill.'

1510. Id. p. 266. Bramham, W. R. "We shall maik all thynges abill wt ye grace of God.' Cf. S.S. lxxix. 168,

1521. Raine's North Durham, 295. Norham Castle, 'As for bowes, ther is none but only xlti which is of none effect, x of them not able.'

1534-5. York Chamberlain's Book. The Bakers present John Elden ‘for sellyng whyte caykes, not able brede, nor holsom.'

ii. adj. With means, well-todo people. Brockett, Teesdale, and Cleveland Gloss.

1641. S.S. xxxiii. 87. East Riding Yks. "The reason why these bills are given in is to shewe

whoe are the ablest men in each towne, & wheather they bee rated in lands or in goods.'

iii. adj. Competent to practise a trade as a master. Habilis (Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. ; cf. 72, sæc. xv.). A common term in York. Inhabilis = unable.

1503. York House Book ix, 1. • The said foren shall be examyned by the sersours. and iiij maisters, whether he be able & connyng in the said craft or not. And if he be found able, then he to pay for his entre . . x s.'

Abled, p. pple. from v. Able. Said of an apprentice, or new-comer, being warranted and declared fit to practice a trade. Habilis approbatus. Habilem approbare (Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 72, sæc. xv.).

1410. Reg. Civ. Ebor. i. 277. "To set uppe & occupy als maistre in the said crafte before he be serched & abled.'

1471-2. Id. 285a. "So put, abled, & admitted.'

Ables, sb.= Naples. A kind of fustian woven at Naples. Cf. Rock's Textile Fabrics.

1498. S.S. liii. 158. Will of Robert Calverley, of Calverley, W. R. Y. "To Sir Robert Wamberslay a blake gown lined with fustyan in abills.'

1532. S.S. xviii. 64. · Durham. 'In v? fushaynenables emptis in Novo Castro ij s jd. In v ulnis fushaynenables emptis ix s ij d.'

1558. S.S. ii. 182–3. Inv. of Sir Thos. Hilton, co. Durham. One cupbord cloth of fusshing Naples. Two cupbord clothes of reid fusslene Naples.' Cf. id. 201, 253, 347, 380 ; xxxviii. 155.

Abling, sb. The being declared fit to practise a trade by the searchers of the trade-guild. The start in business was called the “upset'at York in

6 the fifteenth century:

1503. York House Book, ix, 1. 'Every apprentice or forendre, at what tyme as he is abled by the serchours & iiijth men, & shall set up &

ABO occupie as a maister, to gyff to the said craft ij s for a brekfaste for levyng theyr occupacion & besynes abowt, & for their ablyng.'

1606-7. Id. xxxiii. 60. 'Agreed that Robert Casson, goldsmith, shall have tyme to make an hableinge pece of worke .. and it to be brought to the Lord Maior to viewe and see if the same be workmanlie & artificiallie done.' (If satisfactory, the maker was to be made free of the city.)

Abolishment, sb. Abolition. Prob. Fr. abolissement (M.).

1563. Border Laws, in Nicolson's Leges Marchiarum, 127. 'Yet intend we not thereby to make derogation or abolishment of the Laws & Customs of the Marches.'

Abon, Abone, Aboon, Aboven, Abowne, Abune, adv. Above. Olá Engl. Aboven is the form in the Cursor Mundi, where it occurs five times, and oboven once.

Abowyne, abone, abow, abufin (Jamieson); aboon (Brockett); aboon, abune (Teasdale); aboon (Swaledale, Whitby, and Craven); aboon, abune (Cleveland).

1412. Contract for Catterick Church, N.R.Y. "The hight of the walles of the quere sall be above the grounde twenty fote, with an aluryng abowne. Cf. York Myst. Plays, p. 4.

1420. S.S. ii. 63. Will of Sir John Lumley, co. Durham. "Yat yis aboven-written is my last wille.'

Scc. xv. S.S. iii. 196. 'In clowdys from abone.' Sæc. xv. Nassington's MS. Poem, 158 :

So passes mercy yat be clene,

Aboven all other vertues that ben.' 1458-9. S.S. xxx. 222. Will of Sir Thos. Chaworth, co. Notts. 'Of the age of xxij yere or aboon.'

1466. Id. 285. Will of Lady Eure of Malton. •The residue of my goodes aboun not legate.'

1472. S.S. xlv. 205. Pontefract. That at is takyn of his lyvelod abune his fyndyn.'

1475. York City Reg. B. ii. 147. The xyth yere of Kinge Edward the iiijt alle abon saide.'

c. 1500. Roof of St. Mary's, Beverley (Poulson, 739). 'Mayn in thy lyffyng, lowfe God abown all thyng.' Cf. S.S. xxxv. 280; liii. 29; lxxix. 151.

1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. 62. "Something that's good to keep our hea aboon.' Cf. Hist. of Hemingbrough, 42.

Abound, vb. To bound upon, touch. Abunda is a boundary, sæc. xiii. (Marske in Swaledale, 49), so there must have been a sb. abound.

1421. Contract about a house in York, etc., at Arncliff Hall. “A place yat liges in Saynt Michell Kirkgarth in Connyng stret in Yorke, als it abowndes, etc.'

1494. S.S. liii. 97. Agnes Maners, of York, mentions in her will 'iiij houses, with ij garthinges abounding on the layn ende.' One of them abowndes vpon the high strete of Walmegate.'

Aboutward, Aboutwards, adv. i. about ; ii. ready, on the move, eager.

i. 1602. Eccl. Depositions at York. Francis Hobson said His father was about warde to buyld a house at Wadley' (W. R. Y.).

1646. Eccl. Deps. Durham. A testatrix at


ACC Durham called a person to bear witness of

“And yat he sall full dere abye, the Will which she was aboutward to make.'

Bot he amende here yat foly.' ii. 1465. S.S. xii. 203. Norham. "The 1527. Eccl. Proc. York. John Leutwhaite, which .. have ben abouteward to distresse of Tickhill, charges Nic. Kendal, clerk, with every mandatary.'

saying, 'False horeson, thou shalte not com. 1474-5. S.S. ix. ccclv. The Prior of Dur- mande me to make any heges or gappis, and ham, writing to the Bishop, calls himself and yf thou dare tare me, thou shalt abye.' his monks your childer .. always besy and

Acate, 8b. Cates or provisions aboutward, both day and night.' 1500. York House Book, viii, 78. The

purchased. Old Fr. acat, achat (M.). Abbot of St. Mary's, writing to the Lord The buyer was called a cater or Mayor, says, 'I and my bredre disyre you to caterer, and his store-room a catery. doe me “neither hurte ne damage, ne be not

Cf. Northumbd. Household Book, ed. aboutewardes to make our grounde to be yours."

Nicolas, 26, 35, 45, 102; and S.S. x. Abridge, vb. To reduce, deprive. cxxxviii.-ix. Old Fr. abregier (M.).

1511-12. Northumberland House Book, 71. 1394. S.S. iv. 186. Will of John Croxton, of

“The saide officer . . shall brynge my Lord & York. 'In kase be yat yis witword will noght

bill of the names of such fresh acaytts in flesh

or fish.' perfurnysche, I will it be abryged (i.e. that

1633-4. S.S. Ixviii. 305. Ld. Wm. Howard's the amount given in legacies be reduced). 1582. S.S. xvii. 62. Lr to Dean and Chapter of

Accompt Book. 'For fresh acates at Arundell York. "His Majestie . . thought it strange

house,' etc. th he shou be abridged of any commoditie'

Access, s. An attack of the ague. (i.e. to lose, or not get the full amount).

Old Fr. acces (M.). Abroche, adv. Abroach, or a going.

Sæc, xv. Poem to St. Leonard, in Halliwell's From a barrel being on the tap, or run.

Yorkshire Anthology, 278. `Helpe feverous folk

that tremble in ther accesse.' Old Fr. abrochier (M.).

1580. S.S. xiv. 31. Lr to Mr. R. Bowes. Acclaim, vb. To lay claim to. Lat. The Quene's Majestye, foreseeinge that the acclamare. Acclame (Jamieson). broyles lately set abroche .. may prove to 1534. Reg. Test. Ebor. xi. 116. Thos. Johnsome dangerous yssue.'

son, of Grassington, in his will, desires.nether Absolement, Assolement, sb. Ab- my elder son nor his broder to acclame any of solution. Fr. assvillement, absolir my fermhold.' (M.); Lat. absolvere.

Accompany, sb. Company, or Com1515. S.S. lxxiv, 332. Ripon. 'I desire for

panions. Fr. accompagner. God sake to be assoled of my lord of Fontaunce,

1496. York House Book, viii. 16. When and (he) to have for the assolment iij s. iiij d.' Maier sends theym word, the shireffis shall, wt

1531. S.S. lxxix, 305. Will of Geo. Fuister, theyr accompanyes, come presently unto of Kirkham, Yks. To my Lord Prior Mayer's dwellyng place.' iij s, iiij d. for my assolment.'

Accomplishure, sb. Accomplish1535. Reg. Test, Ebor, xi. 176. Will of John

ment. Lat. accomplere. Herde, of Hackness, E. R. Y. "To my Lord

1471. S.S. xii. 220. Lr to the King of Scotland Abbot, for my absolement, iij s. iiij d.'

"The Blessid Trinite have you evir in his kepAbsolutely, adv. Decisively. Lat.

ing, and send you th' accomplisshur of your absolute.

full noble desires.' 1591. Eccl. Proc. at Durham . . Plausworth,

Accord, sb. Settlement, agreement. A witness says, “She thinketh that the said

Old Fr. acord, acorde (M.). Robert ment that the words should stand for his will, for that he did absolutely speak the

1447. Reg. iii. Parv. Pr. d Cono. Durham, 14.

Letter to R. Wetwang, 'to mete at Alverton to same.' Abusion, sb. Misuse, misapplica

make a full acorde betwix thaym of all maters.'

Cf. S.S. xii. 134. tion. Old Fr. abusion (M.); Lat.

1454. Domesday Book, D. & C. York, 133. abusio.

Deed of Pr. & Conv. of Pontefract. To fulc. 1580.

Surtees' Durham, i. 131. "The fill this acord both ye parties have graunt y' to miserable abusyon of lands and goods given

sealis.' unto the hospital of Sherburn.'

Accord, vb. To agree upon, to agree. Abuttated, p. pple. From v. Abut- Old Fr. acorder (M.). tate, to abut, to touch. Having had 1420. S.S. ii. 63. Will of Sir John Lumley.

“If it be soe yat ye forsaide Wodcock and myne the points of contact settled. Old

executours maye not accorde, I wille,' etc. Cf. Fr abouter ; Lat, abuttare.

Raine's North Durham, 289. 1569. Arch. Æl. n. s. xiii. 110. Survey of 1454. Domesday Book, D. & C. York, 132. Bywell and Bolbeck, Northd. "The said two Indent. Pr. & Conv. of Pontefract. 'Ye parties baronies or lordships are thus abuttated.' beforseid be acordyd.' Abye, vb. To take the conse- 1523. York House Book, x. 63. It is ac

cordyd, enactyd, fermely hereafter to be quences of; pay for it. Old Engl.

observed.' Jamieson and Brockett.

1571. S.S. xxxviii. 9. Will of Bp. Pilkington. Sæc. xiv. York Mystery Plays, 31. 'And

If the same accorded marriage doe take that mon ye full dere abye.'

effecte.' Cf. S.S. xiv. 51. c. 1460. S.S. iii. 15. We, yea, that shalt

Accordment, sb. Agreement, conthou sore abite.'

cord. Old Fr. acordement (M.). Svec, xv. Poem on the Trinity, by Wm. Nassington, of York, MS. Stowe, 753, f. 142 b. :

1410. Reg. i. Civ. Ebor. 277. Thay ware

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ADD fully accorded of the poyntes, & the variance som, loksmyth, oppnyd the rownde box where betwix the said craftes, & thair accordement the Common Seyll hathe been kept accustomwas this.'

ably. Accouple, vb. To couple. Old Fr. c. 1573. SS. xxvi. 280. The inhabitants of

St Margaret's, Durham, withdrewe ther acacopler (M.).

customed dewties .. which hath been accus1485-6. Plumpton Corr. 50. Lr from Tho.

tomable paid.' Betanson. 'I send a pauper of the Rosery of

1597. Bossewell's Workes of Armorie, pt. ii. our Lady of Coleyn, and I have registered

17a. *This tree accustomably groweth in your name with both my Ladis' names, and ye

sandy places.' be acopled as brether and sisters.'

Accustomly, adv. According to Accrin, Ac-corn, Akcorn, sb. An

custom. acorn. Old Engl. ackern (Brockett),

1540-1. Will of Humphr. Gascoign of Barnacrun (Teesdale), ac-corn (Cleveland). borough, in Archb. Lee's Register. To every A accorn, glans (Durham, MS. Gloss. scholer, havinge surplesse, accustomlye usinge c. 1500). Sometimes an ornament on

the quere, j d.

Achen, pron. Each one; or, as a the knop of a spoon. • Coclearia argenti

Yorkshireman would say, 'Each yan.' cum glandibus in nodis’ (S.Š. ix.

1543. S.S. xxvi. 37. Wm. Allanson of Cuncclxxxvii.). Cf. also S.S. xxx. 74. dall's Will. 'Achen off thame to have one

1392. S.S. iv. 177. Will of Robert Usher of why strik.' East Retford. 'Domino Roberto Cave

Achesoun, sb. The cause or reacoclearia argentea cum acrinsse de auro.' 1472. S.S. lxxxv. 26. Selby. "Thar sall no

son, Old Fr. Ne querez achaisun.' man geder non akcornes in the comone wod.' S.S. xvii. l. 303.

1558. S.S. ii. 173. Will of R. Benett of Dur- Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 121. I sall ham. "To Mr. Christofer Chayter one silver you tell achesoune why' spone gilt, with an accorne on the head.'

Acker, sb. Probably = Aigre, a Accroach, vb. To encroach. Old Fr. acrocher (M.).

Northern word for vinegar; cf. Alicer. Lat. accrochiare

It might be Ochre. (Wansford, E. R. Y., 1573).

1578. S.S. xxvi. 277. Jas Backhouse of Kirkby Sæc. xv. MS. Lr from Prior of Durham to

in Lonsdale, Inv. In ginger, goles, acker, We are enfourmed yat certeyn of our tenantz of

sope and glew, viij s. iiij d.' Brakenholme has accroched and approwed yaim of our waste yare.'

Acquitting, sb. Releasing Old Accumbered, p. pple. Encum- Fr. aq'uiter ; Lat. acquietare (M.).

1502. S.S. lxxix. 3. bered.

Will of Lady Greystock.

“The residue to be dispoased for my soule . 1494. Reg. Paro. Prior. Dunelm. Letter from in doynge of Masses, acquitinge of pouer Prior to Bp. of Bath & Wells. The livelode of the monasterii is by diverse partiez withdrawyn

prisoners oute of prison,' etc. & accombred.'

Acredance, sb. Credence, credit. Accustom, vb. To make a custom

1490. Morehouse's History of Kirkburton, W.

R. Y. 63. "For mor acredance herof to be had of, to do customarily. Old Fr, acos

to yis our wryteyng indented, we, ye said tumer : Lat. accostumare (M.).

Kirkgraves, hath set our sealys.' 1511-12. Northumbd Household Book, ed. Acre-tale, sb. Acreage, by count Nicolas, 336. 'My Lorde usith & accustomyth or tale of acres. yerely .. to caus to be delyvered,' etc.

1638. Yk. Arch. Journal, v. 385. Cudworth Accustom, sb. Custom, usage. W. R. v. Assesments to be hereafter ac

Sæc. xv. Oath of the Sheriff's of York. 'All cordeinge to the quantitie & quallitie of the ye fraunchises, & liberties, usagez, & accus

lande made by acre tale.' toumez ye sal save & maynteyne.' 1529. S.S. lxxix. 100. Will of John Fox, of

Acton, Aketon, Haketon, etc., sb. Topcliffe, clerk. 'I bequeith for my mortuarie Old Fr. auqueton (M.). A padded or my best gode, according to th' accostome.'

quilted jacket for defence, sometimes Accustom, Accustomed, a. = i. covered with plates of metal, accustomed, usual ; ii. frequented, 1314. SS. ii. 18. Inv. Sir John Marmaduk of with a good custom or trade.

Horden co. Durham.‘j aketon coopertum cum i, 1504. York House Book, ix. 9. 'He wold

viridi samet, xls. j aketon rubeum cum not come and take his othe accustome.'

manicis de balayn, xl s.' ii. 1736. Drake's Eboracum, 280. 'Here is,

1350. SS. iv. 62. Will of Sir Gilbert de Aton also, an old accustomed inn at the sign of the

co. York. Une acketon que jeo ay done a Elephant.'

Roger mon chambreleyn.' Accustomable,

1367. Status Domus de Holy Island. a. Customary,

camera iij bacinettes . . vij actons.' usual.

Sæc. xv. York Myst. Plays, 424. Myne 1511-12. Northumbd Household Book, ed. actone covered all with white.' Nicolas, 331. 'Which be ordynary and accus- Adawds, adv. In pieces. tomable payments.'

1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. 41. And 1548. York House Book, xix. 13.

then I'se seaur weese rive up all adawds.' annuytie of zij li., parcell of the acoustomable

Addle, vb. To earn.

Old Engl. fee.' Accustomably, adv. According to

Brockett, Teesdale, Swaledale, Craven, custom or habit.

Hallamshire, Cleveland, and Whitby 1541. York House Book, xv. 11. "Wm. New




• One

p. 11.

p. 61.


ADV e. 1460. S.S. iii. 195. 'He has ady d his ded, of their former ordynances were in any point a kynge he hym calde.'

transposed or adnichilat.' 1620. Eccl. Proc. Durham. A Newcastle 1583. Will of Chr. Cokeson of Durham. 'I woman says 'She never did as some did that adnull and adnihilate all wills,' etc. aidled a gowne and a petticote.'

Adnullation, sb. Old form of 1681. Trial of Thos. Thuing at York, A witness says, 'He would give me

Annullation, or Annulling. Lat. more then I could addle in seven years.'

annullatio ; Fr. annulation (M.). 1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. ed. 1685, Jamieson. "What little stock hes thou? I knaw

1533. York House Book, xii. 10. 'Agreed thou's addled some with driveing plew.'

that xxxiij s. iiij d. shalbe sent up to Mr. Addling, sb. Earnings. Brockett, Dogeson and Mr. Newton, to the intent to gitt Teesdale, Swaledale, Craven, Hal

the a lnullacion of ye newe graunt of Hull to

be putt in prynte.' lamshire, Whitby, and Cleveland

Adnulling, sb. An old form of Glossaries.

Annulling. Cf. S.S. ix, ccccliiii. 1754. Snaith Marsh (W. R. Y.), A Poem.

Adonay, My addlings wared, and yet my rent to pay.'

Adonai, sb. A Jewish Adeal, adv. A deal, i.e. much

name for Jehovah.

1421. Archbp. Bowett's Reg. i. 376. Will of Saec. XV. York Mystery Plays, 49. Now,

Nich. Cooke of Tickhill. Luminari in eadem dame, the thar not drede adell.'

ecclesia vocato Adonay, v s.' Adjoin, vb. To join on to; to be next

Soc. xv. S.S. iii. 35. ‘Adonay, thou God to. Old Fr. ajoindre (M.); Lat. veray.' adjungere. • Accede, et adjunge te ad Adornaments, sb. See Anornacurrum istum.'

ments. c. 1530. Arch. Æl. n. s. i. 93. Survey of Adread, a. Afraid. Old Engl Adrad Beruick-on-Tweed. Frome thend of the said

(Jamieson). wawll .. adjoned to the castell.' 1580. S.S. xiv. 104. Lr from Sir R. Bowes.

Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 261. Abidde He myndeth not to adjoyne himself to any

as I bidde, and be noght adreed.'

Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 25. "Thou art alway adred, that maye be prejudiciall to her highnes

be it fals or trew.' service.' c. 1590. S.S. xv. 3. Rites of Durham.

" At

c. 1470. Reg. iii. Prior. Dunelm, Letter from the west end of thir shrine .. was a little

Prior to Archbp. of York. 'I am gretly afferd

and adred that,' etc. altar adjoyned to it.'

1621. Arch. Æl. n. s. i. 201. Contract for Adrigh, a. Away, to a distance building Dilston Hall. The wall of the thirde

(M.). Old Engl. adriech (Jamieson). story .. must adjoyne with the hewen porch.'

Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 298. 'Well, Adjudge, vb. To sentence.

Old Sirs, drawes you adrygh.' Fr. ajuger (M.); Lat. adjudicare.

Advail, sb. old form of Avail : 1546. York House Book, xviii. 69. "Thare Old Engl. Cf. North Durham, 289. was two tai lours that came from London.

Advantage, Avantage, Avaun

, and was accused and indictyd of herysy and heronyos oppynyons concernyng the Blyssyd

tage, sb. i. Profit; ii. the excess or Sacrament of the Alter, and theruppon they surplus. Fr. avantage; Lat, advanwere comytt to prison to the Shyrryffes' Kyd

tagium. Cf. S.S. vi. xxv. and xxxii. 257. cote, beyng condempnyd, and also adjugyd to be brynt.'

(Finchale and Durham.)

i. 1502-3. Plumpton Corr. 174. "The said Sir Admit, vb. To consider, account.

John shall be at liberty to take his most avanLat. admittere.

tage.' Cf. S.S. xlii. 349, and lxiv. 304. 1512. S.S. lxxix. 30. Will of Henry Carn

c. 1510. Inscr. at Leckonfield, E. R. Y. bull, Archdeacon of York. 'For as much as in Esperaunce in bloode and highe lynage, at my days I have byfore this tyme made diverse moste nede bot esy avauntage.' testamentes, I will now they all be admittid ii. 1556. York House Book, xxii. 37. The and stand as voyd.'

church wardens of St. Cuthbert's to give every Admonishment, sb. Admonition.

Sunday.v. penny loves of breade at the founte

stone when service is done before none, in the Old Fr. amonestement (M.).

honour of the v woundes of our Lord Jhesus 1640. S.S. lxii. 27. Sir Chr. Wandisford Christe, & the vjth pennye loffe, with the halfe laid out his endevors to prevent the falling of pennye, beinge the advauntage of the said half them uppon us, by his frequent admonish- dossen of brede, shall goe towardes the disments and reproofs.'

chargeing of the Holye Bread.' 1677. Breirly's Bundle of Truths, 37.

Advantage, Avantage, vb. Cf. Grindleton in Craven. His maid's admonishment, though basely born.'

Plumpton Corr. 129. Adnichilate, vb. and p. pple. Make Advenging, sb. Old form of useless. Nichilate in S.S. xxxviii. 5. Avenging. Old Fr. avengier. From Lat. vb. adnichilare, which is

c. 1510. Inscr. on roof of High Chamber at

Leckonfield, E. R. Y. 'Esperaunce in hasty used in 12th cent. near Durham (S.S. advengynge of thy will; nay, wysdome vi. 90), and also in S.S. lviii. 231, and biddithe the abyde and be still.'

Adventure, Aventure, sb. at York in 1400 (Reg. Civ. Ebor. A.

A Y. 123).

dangerous enterprise. Old Fr. auven1558. York House Book, xxii, 142

ture (M.).

• If any


AFF Scc. xv. İnscr. on Encaustic Tile in York liking for. Fr. affecter ; Lat. affectare Museum. 'And evi hit avail the, hit is but 6

(M.). aventure.'

1604. 1460. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 289. And to

Eccl. Proc. Durham, Ravensworth.

“The said Agnes did affect the said Martin.' com to this at thair aventour.' 1520. S.S. lxxix. 89. Inscr. at Flambro,'

1639. Sir H. Slingsby's Diary, 45. 'I shall

ever dissuade my son from affecting building: E. R. Y. Here lieth Marmaduke Constable of

c. 1640.

W. Lawson's New Orchard, etc., ed. Flaynborght, knyght,who made adventour into

1648, p. 32. •Unlesse you be especially France for the right of the same.'

affected to some other kinds.' Adventure, Aventure, vb. To ven- 1640. Rastrick. Yorks. Arch. Journal, v, 402. ture, or risk. Old Fr. aventurer (M.). 'Affecting an other trade more than hus

c. 1530. Arch. Æl. n.s. 92. Survey of Ber- bandrye.' wick-on-Tweed. 'No man dar aventur to lye in Affectuously. Earnestly or kindly. the lodginge.' Cf. S.S. xiv. 123.

Fr. affectueux (M.). 1563. York House Book, xxiii. 133. “My L.

1460. Reg. iii. Pr. & Conv. Durham. Lr from Mayor, beyng nowe at malease, dare not ad

Prior to Sir John Butler. This mater by your venture forth of his doore.' Cf. S.S. xxii. 316.

goode discrecion affectuously considerd.' Adversary, a. Adverse. Old Fr. Afferance, sh. Cf. Affere and aversier; Lat. adversarius.

Affering 1580. S.S. xiv. 39. Lr from Sir R. Bowes.

Affere, Fere, vb. To decide on 'Albeit in most thynges . . they agreed rith th' adversarye parte.'

the assessment or value of. Old Advisement, sb. See Avisement.

Fr. afeurer (M.).

1431-2. Roll of the Mystery of Mercers, York. Advocation, sb. The next presenta- ‘Recd vj s. viij d. of John Tanfeld of arrerage tion to a benefice, not the Advowson of vj 1. . . that he was behynde and noght in the usual sense of the word. Lat.

payde of divers persones that were afferyd in

ye tyme of Robert of Yarom, than maister, and advocatio.

before, and hafe noght payde thaire affer1514-5. S.S. lxxix. 57. Will of Sir R. Bigod, aunce.' of Settrington. 'I have graunted the next

1481. York House Book, ii. 27. "The conadvocacion of eny churche in my gyfte to Sir stablery in every parisshe shall gedyr the William Spiers, Prior of Gysburn, & Sir Rauff

money afferid.' Eury, knight.' Of. id. 264.

1505. Guild Book of Berwick-on-Tweed, i. 1. Advoidance, sb. See Avoidance.

The ordynances, statutes and acts mayde by

the Mayre, aldermane, denne, and the xij feryCf. S.S. ix. cclxxvii. and lxxxiv. 182. ingmen of the sayde gylde.' Advoiding. See Avoiding.

Affering, sb. Judging as to assessAdyowess, sb. Old form of ment; revising the decision of a jury, Avowess, Vowess. Avouer, Old Fr. as at Berwick-on-Tweed. Old Fr.

1485. S.S. liii. 10. Will of ' Alice Thwates, Soc. xv. Customs of Burgesses of Malton. advoesse, sum tyme wife of Thomas Thwates Iffe so be yt he apper not after ye seconde esquier.'

assoyn, than schall ye foresayd soyn be turned Adward, sb. Old form of Award. in to defawte, and he schall be amercyd be ye Fr. award (M.).

aferyng of xij men.' 1515. York City House Book, ix. 79. 'Apon

Affiance, sb. Trust, belief. Old Fr. payn of forfitour .. that heyreafter brekis afiance (M.). this our adward.'

1455. S.S. xxx. 216. Will of R. Barton, of Adward, vb. Old form of Award. Kirkby Fleetham, N. R. Y. For ye grett

treuth and affiance yat I have in yame.' Fr award (M.).

1456. S.S. xii. 183, Durham. We bere full 1528. York House Book, xi. 152. • They trust and affiaunce in you.' adward and juge.'

1486. York House Book, vi. 17. 'Redowtid Afeard, ppl. a. Afraid. Old Engl. in ich region of Criste's affiance.' Jamieson, Brockett, and Craven Gloss.

1583. S.S. xiv. 396. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. Sæc. XV. York Mystery Plays, 190. 'Beis

Having great affiance in the loyalty and no3t aferde for us in feare.'

obedience of William Steward.' Of. SS. xxii.,

cxxxvi, Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 28. 'Be not aferd, have done.'

1635. Will of W. Thompson, of Humbleton, c. 1470. Reg. iii. Prior. Dunelm.

E. R. Y. "In whome I had & have still a great

I am gretly afferd and adred that,' etc.

good hope & fatherly affyance.' c. 1505. Plumpton Corr. 218–19. 'Sister, be

Affinity, sb. Body of relations, kith ye nothing afеard therof. Cf. Id. 218.

and kin. Old Fr, afinité; and Lat. 1688. Will of Chr. Hildyard of York. 'I affinitas (M.). am not affeard to make a true confession of my Christian faith.'

c. 1475. Plumpton Corr. 34. Lr from Godf.

Greene. • To enforme the lords and their Afee, vb. To give a retaining fee counsell of the misgovernances of Gascoin and to.

his affinitie.' 1506. York House Book, ix. 37. “My Lord Affluence, sb. Wealth, bounty. Fr. Maire shewed how that it war a god deid to be affluence; Lat. affluentia (M.). acerteyned of a mason .. and to be afeyd with this cite.' On Dec. 1, 1508, Alex. Wilson,

1486. York House Book, vi. 17. 'Ye be avisid mason, is hired with a fee of 8s.

most worthy be graciouse affluence'

Afforce, sb. Force, boldness. Affect, vb. To have an affection or 1486. York House Book, vi. 17.


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