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ABO mondbury. "The saide Walker hath a farme occupie as a maister, to gyff to the said craft and some abilities of his owne.'

ij s for a brekfaste for levyng theyr occupacion 1655. The Four Last Things, by S. Birckbeck of & besynes abowt, & for their ablyng.' Gilling, near Richmond, If God have blissed 1606–7. Id. xxxiii. 60. 'Agreed that Robert thee with ability, bestow some portion thereof Casson, goldsmith, shall have tyme to make an to pious uses.'

hableinge pece of worke .. and it to be brought Able, adj. Sufficient, fit for use,

to the Lord Maior to viewe and see if the same sound. Lat. habilis.

be workmanlie & artificiallie done.' (If satis

factory, the maker was to be made free of the 1510. S.S. xxxv. 264. Ampleforth, N. R. Y.

city.) Fenestræ vitreæ

coopertura . sunt sufficientes, viz. abill.'

Abolishment, sb. Abolition. Prob. 1510. Id. p.: 266. Bramham, W. R. We

Fr, abolissement (M.). shall maik all thynges abill wt ye grace of 1563. Border Laws, in Nicolson's Leges MarGod.' Cf, S.S. lxxix. 168,

chiarum, 127. ‘Yet intend we not thereby to 1521. Raine's North Durham, 295. Norham make derogation or abolishment of the Laws Castle. As for bowes, ther is none but only & Customs of the Marches.' x]ti which is of none effect, x of them not

Abon, Abone, Aboon, Aboven, able.'

1534-5. York Chamberlain's Book. The Abowne, Abune, adv. Above. Old Bakers present John Elden ‘for sellyng whyte Engl. Aboven is the form in the caykes, not able brede, nor holsom.' ii. adj. With means, well-to

Cursor Mundi, where it occurs five times, and oboven once.

Abowyne, do people. Brockett, Teesdale, and

abone, abow, abufin (Jamieson); Cleveland Gloss. 1641. S.S. xxxiii. 87. East Riding Yks. The

aboon (Brockett); aboon, abune (Teasreason why these bills are given in is to shewe dale); aboon (Swaledale, Whitby, and

whoe are the ablest men in each towne, & Craven); aboon, abune (Cleveland). wheather they bee rated in lands or in goods.'

1412. Contract for Catterick Church, N.R.Y. iii.

adj. Competent to practise The hight of the walles of the quere sall be a trade as a master. Habilis (Reg. Civ. above the grounde twenty fote, with an

aluryng abowne.' Cf. York Myst. Plays, p. 4. Ebor. A.; cf. 72, sæc. xv.). A common

1420. S.S. ii. 63. Will of Sir John Lumley, term in York. Inhabilis = unable. co. Durham. “Yat yis aboven-written is my

1503. York House Book ix. 1. • The said last wille.' foren shall be examyned by the sersours

Svec. xv. S.S. iii. 196. 'In clowdys from and iiij maisters, whether he be able & connyng abone.' in the said craft or not. And if he be found Sæc. xv. Nassington's MS. Poem, 158 : able, then he to pay for his entre . . x s.'

'So passes mercy yat be clene, Abled, p. pple. from v. Able. Said

Aboven all other vertues that ben.'

1458-9. S.S. xxx. 222. Will of Sir Thos, of an apprentice, or new-comer, being warranted and declared fit to prac

Chaworth, co. Notts. 'Of the age of xxij yere

or aboon.' tice a trade. Habilis approbatus.

1466. Id. 285. Will of Lady Eure of Malton. Habilem approbare (Reg. Civ. Ebor. A.

The residue of my goodes aboun not legate.'

1472. S.S. xlv. 205. Pontefract. 'That at Y. 72, sæc. xv.).

is takyn of his lyvelod abune his fyndyn.' 1410. Reg. Civ. Ebor, i, 277.

"To set uppe &

1475. York City Reg. B. ii. 147. The myth occupy als maistre in the said crafte before he

yere of Kinge Edward the iiijt alle abon be serched & abled.'

saide.' 1471-2. Id. 285a. So put, abled, & ad c. 1500. Roof of St. Mary's, Beverley (Poulmitted.'

son, 739). "Mayn in thy lyffyng, lowfe God Ables, sb. = Naples. A kind of fus abown all thyng. Cf. S.S. xxxv. 280 ; liii. 29;

lxxix. 151. tian woven at Naples. Cf. Rock's

1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. 62. Textile Fabrics.

• Something that's goo to keep our hearts 1498. S.S. liii. 158. Will of Robert Calverley, aboon.' Cf. Hist. of Hemingbrough, 42. of Calverley, W. R. Y. "To Sir Robert Wam

Abound, vb. To bound upon, touch. berslay a blake gown lined with fustyan in abills.

Abunda is a boundary, sæc. xiii. 1532. S.S. xviii. 64. · Durham. 'In vt (Marske in Swaledale, 49), so there fushaynenables emptis . . in Novo Castro

must have been a sb. abound. ij s jd. In v ulnis fushaynenables emptis ixs ij d.'

1421. Contract about a house in York, etc., at 1558. S.S. ii, 182–3. Inv. of Sir Thos. Hilton,

Arncliff Hall. A place yat liges in Saynt co. Durham. • One cupbord cloth of fusshing

Michell Kirkgarth in Connyng stret in Yorke, Naples. Two cupbord clothes of reid fusshene

als it abowndes, etc.' Naples.' Cf. id. 201, 253, 347, 380 ; xxxviii.

1494. S.S. liii. 97. Agnes Maners, of York, 155.

mentions in her will 'iiij houses, with ij garAbling, sb. The being declared fit

thinges abounding on the layn ende.' One of

them abowndes vpon the high strete of to practise a trade by the searchers of

Walmegate.' the trade-guild. Th start in busi

Aboutward, Aboutwards, adv. i. ness was called the 'upset'at York in about ; ii. ready, on the move, eager. the fifteenth century.

i. 1602. Eccl. Depositions at York. Francis 1503. York House Book, ix, 1. “Every appren Hobson said ‘His father was aboutwarde to tice or forendre, at what tyme as he is abled by buyld a house at Wadley' (W.R. Y.). the serchours & iiijth men, & shall set up &

1646. Eccl. Deps. Durham. A testatrix at


ACC Durham called a person to bear witness of

. And yat he sall full dere abye, the Will which she was aboutward to make.'

Bot he amende here yat foly.' ii. 1465. S.S. xii. 203. Norham. The 1527. Eccl. Proc. York. John Leutwhaite, which .. have ben abouteward to distresse of Tickhill, charges Nic. Kendal, clerk, with every mandatary.'

saying, 'False horeson, thou shalte not com.. 1474-5. S.S. ix. ccclv. The Prior of Dur mande me to make any heges or gappis, and ham, writing to the Bishop, calls himself and yf thou dare tare me, thou shalt abye.' his monks your childer . . always besy and Acate, sb. Cates or provisions aboutward, both day and night.'

purchased. Old Fr. acat, achat (M.). 1500. York House Book, viii, 78. The Abbot of St. Mary's, writing to the Lord The buyer was called a cater or Mayor, says, “I and my bredre disyre you to caterer, and his store-room a catery. doe me “neither hurte ne damage, ne be not

Cf. Northumbd. Household Book, ed. aboutewardes to make our grounde to be yours."

Nicolas, 26, 35, 45, 102; and S.S. x. Abridge, vb. To reduce, deprive. cxxxviii.-ix. Old Fr. abregier (M.).

1511-12. Northumberland House Book, 71.

"The saide officer .. 1394. S.S. iv. 186. Will of John Croxton, of

shall brynge my Lord a York. 'In kase be yat yis witword will noght

bill of the names of such fresh acaytts in flesh

or fish.' perfurnysche, I will it be abryged (i.e. that

1633-4. S.S. lxviii. 305. Ld. Wm. Howard's the amount given in legacies be reduced). 1582. S.S. xvii. 62. Lr to Dean and Chapter of

Accompt Book, 'For fresh acates at Arundell York. "His Majestie : . thought it strange

house,' etc. that he should be abridged of any commoditie'

Access, s. An attack of the ague. (i.e. to lose, or not get the full amount).

Old Fr. acces (M.). Abroche, adv. Abroach, or a going.

Sæc, xv. Poem to St. Leonard, in Halliwell's From a barrel being on the tap, or run.

Yorkshire Anthology, 278. 'Helpe feverous folk

that tremble in ther accesse.' Old Fr, abrochier (M.). 1580. S.S. xiv. 31. Lr to Mr. R. Bowes.

Acclaim, vb. To lay claim to. Lat. "The Quene's Majestye, foreseeinge that the acclamare. Acclame (Jamieson). broyles lately set abroche .. may prove to

1534. Reg. Test. Ebor, xi. 116. Thos, Johnsome dangerous yssue.'

son, of Grassington, in his will, desires' nether Absolement, Assolement, sb. Ab my elder son nor his broder to acclame any of solution. Fr. assvillement, absolir my fermhold.' (M.); Lat, absolvere.

Accompany, sb. Company, or Com. 1515. S.S. lxxiv. 332. Ripon. 'I desire for panions. Fr. accompagner. God sake to be assoled of my lord of Fontaunce, 1496. York House Book, viii. 16. When and (he) to have for the assolment iij s. iiij d. Maier sends theym word, the shireffis shall, wt

1531. S.S. lxxix. 305. Will of Geo. Fuister, theyr accompanyes, come presently unto of Kirkham, Yks. To my Lord Prior Mayer's dwellyng place.' iij s. iiij d. for my assolment.'

Accomplishure, sb. Accomplish1535. Reg. Test, Ebor. xi. 176. Will of John

ment. Lat. accomplere. Herde, of Hackness, E. R. Y. "To my Lord

1471. S.S. xii. 220. Lr to the King of Scotland Abbot, for my absolement, iij s. iiij d.'

“The Blessid Trinite have you evir in his kepAbsolutely, adv. Decisively. Lat.

ing, and send you th' accomplisshur of your absolute.

full noble desires.' 1591. Eccl. Proc. at Durham . . Plausworth,

Accord, sb. Settlement, agreement. A witness says, 'She thinketh that the said

Old Fr. acord, acorde (M.). Robert ment that the words should stand for his will, for that he did absolutely speak the

1447. Reg. iii. Parv. Pr. & Cono. Durham, 14.

Letter to R. Wetwang, 'to mete at Alverton to same.' Abusion, sb. Misuse, misapplica

make a full acorde betwix thaym of all maters.'

Cf. S.S. xii. 134. tion. Old Fr. abusion (M.); Lat.

1454. Domesday Book, D. & C. York, 133. abusio.

Deed of Pr. & Conv. of Pontefract . To fulc. 1580. Surtees' Durham, i. 131.


fill this acord both ye parties have graunt y' to

sealis.' miserable abusyon of lands and goods given unto the hospital of Sherburn.'

Accord, vb. To agree upon, to agree. Abuttated, p. pple. From v. Abut Old Fr. acorder (M.). tate, to abut, to touch. Having had 1420. S.S. ii. 63. Will of Sir John Lumley.

"If it be soe yat ye forsaide Wodcock and myne the points of contact settled. Old

executours maye not accorde, I wille,' etc. Cf, Fr abouter ; Lat, abuttare.

Raine's North Durham, 289. 1569. Arch. Æl. n. 8. xiii. 110. Survey of 1454. Domesday Book, D. & C. York, 132. Bywell and Bolbeck, Northd. "The said two

Indent. Pr. & Conv. of Pontefract. Ye parties baronies or lordships are thus abuttated.' beforseid be acordyd.' Abye, vb. To take the conse 1523. York House Book, x. 63. It is ac

cordyd, enactyd, fermely hereafter to be quences of; pay for it. Old Engl.

observed.' Jamieson and Brockett.

1571. S.S. xxxviii. 9. Will of Bp. Pilkington. Scc. xiv. York Mystery Plays, 31. 'And

'If the same accorded marriage doe take that mon ye full dere abye.'

effecte.' Cf. S.S. xiv. 51. c. 1460. S.S. iii. 15. We, yea, that shalt

Accordment, sb. Agreement, conthou sore abite.'

cord. Old Fr. acordement (M.). Svec, xv. Poem on the Trinity, by Wm. Nas. sington, of York, Ms. Stowe, 253, f. 142 b. :

1410. Reg. i. Civ. Ebor. 277. “Thay ware


ADD fully accorded of the poyntes, & the variance som, loksmyth, oppnyd the rownde box where betwix the said craftes, & thair accordement the Common Seyll hathe been kept accustomwas this.'

ably.. Accouple, vb. To couple. Old Fr. c. 1573. SS. xxvi. 280. The inhabitants of

St Margaret's, Durham, withdrewe ther acacopler (M.).

customed dewties .. which hath been accus1485-6. Plumpton Corr. 50. Lr from Tho. tomable paid. Betanson. "I send a pauper of the Rosery of 1597. Bossewell's Workes of Armorie, pt. ii. our Lady of Coleyn, and I have registered

17a. 'This tree accustomably groweth in your name with both my Ladis' names, and ye

sandy places.' be acopled as brether and sisters.'

Accustomly, adv. According to Accrin, Ac-corn, Akcorn, sb. An

custom. acorn. Old Engl. ackern (Brockett),

1540-1. Will of Humphr. Gascoign of Barnacrun (Teesdale), ac-corn (Cleveland). borough, in Archb. Lee's Register. “To every A accorn, glans (Durham, MS. Gloss. scholer, havinge surplesse, accustomlye usinge

the quere, j d. c. 1500). Sometimes an ornament on

Achen, pron.

Each one; or, as a the knop of a spoon. . Coclearia argenti

Yorkshireman would say, 'Each yan.' cum glandibus in nodis' (S.S. ix.

1543. S.S. xxvi. 37. Wm. Allanson of Cuncclxxxvii.). Cf. also S.S. xxx. 74. dall's Will. 'Achen off thame to have one

1392. S.S. iv. 177. Will of Robert Usher of why strik.' East Retford. 'Domino Roberto Cave sex Achesoun, sb. The cause or reacoclearia argentea cum acrinsse de auro.' 1472. S.S. lxxxv. 26. Selby. "Thar sall no

son, Old Fr. Ne querez achaisun.' man geder non akcornes in the comone wod.' S.S. xvii. l. 303.

1558. S.S. ii. 173. Will of R. Benett of Dur Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 121. I sall ham. "To Mr. Christofer Chayter one silver you tell achesoune why.' spone gilt, with an accorne on the head.' Accroach, vb. To encroach, Old Fr.

Acker, sb. Probably - Aigre, a acrocher (M.).

Northern word for vinegar; cf. Alicer. Lat. accrochiare

It might be Ochre. (Wansford, E. R. Y., 1573).

1578. S.S. xxvi. 277. Jas Backhouse of Kirkby Sæc. xv. MS. Lr from Prior of Durham to

in Lonsdale, Inv. In ginger, goles, acker, • We are enfourmed yat certeyn of our tenantz of Brakenholme has accroched and approwed

sope and glew, viij s. iüj d.'

Acquitting, sb. Releasing yaim of our waste yare.'

Old Accumbered, p. pple. Encum Fr. aquiter ; Lat. acquietare (M.).

1502. s.s. lxxix. 3. bered.

Will of Lady Greystock,

The residue to be dispoased for my soule 1494. Reg. Parv. Prior. Dunelm. Letter from in doynge of Masses, acquitinge of pouer Prior to Bp. of Bath & Wells. “The livelode of the monasterii is by diverse partiez withdrawyn

prisoners oute of prison,' etc. & accombred.'

Acredance, sb. Credence, credit. Accustom, vb. To make a custom

1490. Morehouse's History of Kirkburton, W.

R. Y. 63. 'For mor acredance herof to be had of, to do customarily. Old Fr. acos

to yis our wryteyng indented, we, ye said tumer; Lat. accostumare (M.).

Kirkgraves, hath set our sealys.' 1511–12. Northumbd Household Book, ed. Acre-tale, sb. Acreage, by count Nicolas, 336. 'My Lorde usith & accustomyth or tale of acres. yerely .. to caus to be delyvered,' etc.

1638. Yk. Arch. Journal, v. 385. Cudworth Accustom, sb. Custom, usage. W. R. Y. Assesments to be hereafter ac

Sæc. xv. Oath of the Sheriff's of York. 'All cordeinge to the quantitie & quallitie of the ye fraunchises, & liberties, usagez, & accus lande made by acre tale.' toumez . . ye sal save & maynteyne.' 1529. S.S. lxxix. 100. Will of John Fox, of

Acton, Aketon, Haketon, etc., sh. Topcliffe, clerk. 'I bequeith for my mortuarie Old Fr. auqueton (M.). A padded or my best gode, according to th' accostome.'

quilted jacket for defence, sometimes Accustom Accustomed, a. i.

covered with plates of metal, accustomed, usual ; ii. frequented, 1314. SS. ii. 18. Inv. Sir John Marmaduk of with a good custom or trade.

Horden co. Durham. 'jaketon coopertum cum i. 1504. York House Book, ix, 9. 'He wold

viridi samet, xl s. j aketon rubeum cum not come and take his othe accustome.'

manicis de balayn, xl s.' ii. 1736. Drake's Eboracum, 280. 'Here is,

1350. SS. iv. 62. Will of Sir Gilbert de Aton also, an old accustomed inn at the sign of the

co. York. Une acketon que jeo ay done a Elephant.'

Roger mon chambreleyn.' Accustomable,

1367. Status Domus de Holy Island. a. Customary,

camera iij bacinettes . . vij actons.' usual.

Sæc. xv. York Myst. Plays, 424. Myne 1511-12. Northumbd Household Book, ed. actone covered all with white.' Nicolas, 331. Which be ordynary and accus Adawds, adv. In pieces. tomable payments.'

1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. 41. And 1548. York House Book, xix. 13. One

then I'se seaur weese rive up all adawds.' annuytie of xij li., parcell of the acoustomable

Addle, vb. To earn.

Old Engl. fee.' Accustomably, adv. According to

Brockett, Teesdale, Swaledale, Craven, custom or habit.

Hallamshire, Cleveland, and Whitby 1541. York House Book, xv. 11. Wm. New



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ADV e. 1460. S.S. iii. 195. He has ady d his ded, of their former ordynances were in any point a kynge he hym calde.'

transposed or adnichilat.' 1620. Eccl.' Proc. Durham. A Newcastle 1583. Will of Chr. Cokeson of Durham,

I woman says 'She never did as some did that adnull and adnihilate all wills,' etc. aidled a gowne and a petticote.'

Adnullation, sb. Old form of 1681. Trial of Thos. Thuring at York,

Annullation, or Annulling. Lat. p. 11. A witness says, 'He would give me more then I could addle in seven years.'

annullatio ; Fr. annulation (M.). 1685. Meriton's Yorkshire Ale, etc. ed. 1685, Jamieson. "What little stock hes thou? I knaw

1533. York House Book, xii. 10. Agreed thou's addled some with driveing plew.'

that xxxiij s. iiij d. shalbe sent up to Mr. Addling, sb. Earnings. Brockett, Dogeson and Mr. Newton, to the intent to gitt Teesdale, Swaledale, Craven, Hal.

the a Inullacion of ye newe graunt of Hull to

be putt in prynte.' lamshire, Whitby, and Cleveland

Adnulling, sb. An old form of Glossaries.

Annulling. Cf. S.S. ix, ccccliiii. 1754. Snaith Marsh (W. R. Y.), A Poem. My addlings wared, and yet my rent to pay.'

Adonay, Adonai, sb. A Jewish Adeal, adv. A deal, i.e. much.

name for Jehovah. Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 49. Now,

1421. Archbp. Bowett's Reg. i. 376. Will of

Nich. Cooke of Tickhill. • Luminari in eadem dame, the thar not drede adell.'

ecclesia vocato Adonay, v s.' Adjoin, vb. To join on to; to be next

Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 35. 'Adonay, thou God to. Old Fr. ajoindre (M.); Lat. vera v.' adjungere. Accede, et adjunge te ad Adornaments, sb. See Anornacurrum istum.'

ments. c. 1530. Arch. Æl. n. s. i. 93. Survey of Adread, a. Afraid. Old Engl Adrad Berwick-on-Tweed. Frome thend of the said

(Jamieson). wawll .. adjoned to the castell.'

'Abidde 1580.

Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 261. S.S. xiv. 104. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. 'He myndeth not to adjoyne himself to any

as I bidde, and be noght adreed.'

Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 25. •Thou art alway adred, that maye be prejudiciall to her highnes

be it fals or trew.' service.' c. 1590. S.S. xv. 3. Rites of Durham.

c. 1470. Reg. iii. Prior. Dunelm, Letter from

At the west end of thir shrine .. was a little

Prior to Archbp. of York. 'I am gretly afferd

and adred that,' etc. altar adjoyned to it.'

1621. Arch. Æl. n. s. i. 201. Contract for Adrigh, a. Away, to a distance building Dilston Hall. The wall of the thirde

(M.). Old Engl. adriech (Jamieson). story .. must adjoyne with the hewen porch.'

Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 298. 'Well, Adjudge, vb. To sentence. Old Sirs, drawes you adrygh.' Fr. ajuger (M.); Lat. adjudicare.

Advail, sb. Old form of Avail : 1546. York House Book, xviii. 69. "Thare Old Engl. Cf. North Durham, 289. was two tai lours that came from London.

Advantage, Avantage, Avaunand was accused and indictyd of herysy and heronyos oppynyons concernyng the Blyssyd

tage, sb. i. Profit; ii. the excess or Sacrament of the Alter, and theruppon they surplus. Fr. avantage; Lat. adranwere comytt to prison to the Shyrryffes' Kyd

tagium. Cf. S.S. vi. xxv. and xxxii. 257. cote, beyng condempnyd, and also adjugyd to be brynt.'

(Finchale and Durbam.)

i. 1502-3. Plumpton Corr. 174. "The said Sir Admit, vb. To consider, account.

John shall be at liberty to take his most avanLat. admittere.

tage.' Cf. S.S. xlii. 349, and lxiv. 304. 1512. S.S. lxxix. 30. Will of Henry Carn

c. 1510. Inscr. at Leckonfield, E. R. Y. bull, Archdeacon of York. 'For as much as in Esperaunce in bloode and highe lynage, at my days I have byfore this tyme made diverse moste nede bot esy avauntage.' testamentes, I will now they all be admittid ii. 1556. York House Book, xxii. 37. The and stand as voyd.'

churchwardens of St. Cuthbert's to give every Admonishment, sb. Admonition.

Sunday 'v. penny loves of breade at the founte

stone when service is done before none, in the Old Fr. amonestement (M.).

honour of the v woundes of our Lord Jhesus 1640. S.S. lxii. 27. Sir Chr. Wandisford Christe, & the vith pennye loffe, with the halfe laid out his endevors to prevent the falling of pennye, beinge the advauntage of the said half them uppon us, by his frequent admonish dossen of brede, shall goe towardes the disments and reproofs.'

chargeing of the Holye Bread.' 1677. Breirly's Bundle of Truths, 37.

Advantage, Avantage, vb. Cf. Grindleton in Craven. His maid's admonishment, though basely born.'

Plumpton Corr. 129. Adnichilate, vb. and p. pple. Make Advenging, sb. Old form of useless. Nichilate in S.S. xxxviii. 5. Avenging. Old Fr. avengier. From Lat. vb. adnichilare, which is

c. 1510. Inscr. on roof of High Chamber at

Leckonfield, E. R. Y. Esperaunce in hasty used in 12th cent. near Durham (S.S. advengynge of thy will; nay, wysdome vi. 90), and also in S.S. lviii. 231, and biddithe the abyde and be still.'

Adventure, Aventure, sb. at York in 1400 (Reg. Civ. Ebor. A.

A Y. 123).

dangerous enterprise. Old Fr. auren1558. York House Book, xxii, 142

ture (M.).

• If any


AFF Saec. XV. Inscr. on Encaustic Tile in York

liking for. Fr. affecter; Lat. affectare Museum. 'And ev' hit avail the, hit is but

(M.). aventure.'

And to

1604. 1460. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 289.

Eccl. Proc. Durham, Ravensworth.

‘The said Agnes did affect the said Martin.' com to this at thair aventour.' 1520. S.S. lxxix. 89. Inscr. at Flambro,'

1639. Sir H. Slingsby's Diary, 45. 'I shall E. R. Y. Here lieth Marmaduke Constable of

ever dissuade my son from affecting building.'

c. 1640. W. Lawson's New Orchard, etc., ed. Flaynborght, knyght,who made adventour into

1648, p. 32. Unlesse you be especially France for the right of the same.'

affected to some other kinds.' Adventure, Aventure, vb.

To ven 1640. Rastrick. Yorks. Arch. Journal, V, 402. ture, or risk. Old Fr. aventurer (M.). Affecting an other trade more than hus

c. 1530. Arch. Æl. n.s. i. 92. Survey of Ber bandrye.' wick-on-Tweed. 'No man dar aventur to lye in Affectuously. Earnestly or kindly. the lodginge.' Cf. S.S. xiv. 123.

Fr. affectueux (M.). 1563. York House Book, xxiii. 133. 'My L.

1460. Reg. iii. Pr. & Conv. Durham. Lr from Mayor, beyng nowe at malease, dare not ad.

Prior to Sir John Butler. This mater by your venture forth of his doore.' Cf. S.S. xxii. 316.

goode discrecion affectuously considerd.' Adversary, a. Adverse. Old Fr, Afferance, sh. Cf. Affere and aversier ; Lat. adversarius.

Affering. 1580. S.S. xiv. 39. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. Affere, Fere, vb. To decide on * Albeit in most thynges.

they agreed with

the assessment th' adversarye parte.'

or value of. Old Advisement, sb. See Avisement.

Fr. afeurer (M.).

1431-2. Roll of the Mystery of Mercers, York. Advocation, sb. The next presenta ‘Recd vj s. viij d. of John Tanfeld of arrerage tion to a benefice, not the Advowson

of vjl. : :

that he was behynde and noght in the usual sense of the word. Lat.

payde of divers persones that were afferyd in

ye tyme of Robert of Yarom, than maister, and advocatio.

before, and hafe noght payde thaire affer1514-5. S.S. lxxix. 57. Will of Sir R. Bigod, aunce.' of Settrington. 'I have graunted the next

1481. York House Book, ii. 27. • The conadvocacion of eny churche in my gyfte to Sir stablery in every parisshe shall gedyr the William Spiers, Prior of Gysburn, & Sir Rauff

money afferid.' Eury, knight.' Cf. id. 264.

1505. Guild Book of Berwick-on-Tweed, i. 1. Advoidance, sb. See Avoidance.

"The ordynances, statutes and acts mayde by

the Mayre, aldermane, denne, and the xij feryCf. S.S. ix. cclxxvii. and lxxxiv. 182.

ingmen of the sayde gylde.' Advoiding. See Avoiding.

Affering, sb. Judging as to assessAdvowess, sb. Old


of ment; revising the decision of a jury, Avowess, Vowess. Avouer, Old Fr. as at Berwick-on-Tweed. Old Fr.

1485. S.S. liii. 10. Will of ' Alice Thwates, Sæc. xv. Customs of Burgesses of Malton. advoesse, sum tyme wife of Thomas Thwates Iffe so be yt he apper not after ye seconde esquier.'

assoyn, than schall ye foresayd soyn be turned Adward, sb. Old form of Award. in to defawte, and he schall be amercyd be ye Fr. award (M.).

aferyng of xij men.' 1515. York City House Book, ix. 79. 'Apon

Affiance, sb. Trust, belief. Old Fr. payn of forfitour .. that heyreafter brekis afiance (M.). this our adward.'

1455. S.S. xxx. 216. Will of R. Barton, of Adward, vb. old form of Award. Kirkby Fleetham, N. R. Y. For ye grett

treuth and affiance yat I have in yame.' Fr award (M.).

1456. S.S. xii. 183, Durham. We bere full 1528. York House Book, xi. 152.

trust and affiaunce in you.' adward and juge.'

1486. York House Book, vi. 17. 'Redowtid Afeard, ppl. a. Afraid. Old Engl. in ich region of Criste's affiance.' Jamieson, Brockett, and Craven Gloss.

1583. S.S. xiv. 396. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. Saec. XV. York Mystery Plays, 190. 'Beis

Having great affiance in the loyalty and nozt aferde for us in feare.'

obedience of William Steward.' Of. SS. xxii.,

cxxxvi. Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 28. ‘Be not aferd, have done.'

1635. Will of W. Thompson, of Humbleton, c. 1470. Reg. iii. Prior. Dunelm.

I am

E. R. Y. “In whome I had & have still a great gretly afferd and adred that,' etc.

good hope & fatherly affyance.' c. 1505. Plumpton Corr. 218–19. 'Sister, be

Affinity, sb. Body of relations, kith ye nothing afеard therof. Cf. Id. 218.

and kin. Old Fr. afinité; and Lat. 1688. Will of Chr. Hildyard of York. 'I affinitas (M.). am not affeard to make a true confession of my Christian faith.'

c. 1475. Plumpton Corr. 34. Lr from Godf.

Greene. • To enforme the lords and their Afee, vb. To give a retaining fee counsell of the misgovernances of Gascoin and to.

his afflnitie.' 1506. York House Book, ix. 37. 'My Lord Affluence, sb. Wealth, bounty. Fr. Maire shewed how that it war a god deid to be affluence; Lat. affluentia (M.). acerteyned of a mason .. and to be afeyd with this cite.' On Dec. 1, 1508, Alex. Wilson,

1486. York House Book, vi. 17. 'Ye be avisid mason, is hired with a fee of 8s.

most worthy be graciouse affluence'

Afforce, sb. Force, boldness. Affect, vb. To have an affection or 1486. York House Book, vi. 17.

SubG 2

* They

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