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grene Alixander with flowers; one hanging afore th' alter, of Alixander.'

Alkyn, adj. All kinds of. Old Engl. Allkyn, alkyn (Jamieson).

1357. Archbp. Thoresby's Catechism. Al. kyns mysbeleves and al mawmetries.'

Sæc. xv. York Mystery Plays, 493. 'Here schall thou alkynne solas see.'

Sæc. xv. S.S. iii. 125. 'In tokyn that he kyng schalbe of alkyn thyng.'

Sæc, xv. Poem on the Trinity, by Wm. Nassington of York. MS. Stowe, 753, 33.

For alkyn gude yat may be.'

Allam, Allom, Allum, sb. Alum, the mineral. Old Fr, alum; Lat. alumen (M.). Alum is found in large quantities on the coast of Cleveland, and there is a curious account of the working of it at Whitby in Simpson's Hydrological Essays, 8vo. 1670, pp. 65 75. It was sold by the cwt. Foul alum is alum with its impurities; rock or roche alum is alum which has passed through the roaching-pan and is thereby purified.

1570. S.S. ii. 338. Inv. Bertram Anderson of N.C.One punshen of allame, vj 1. x s. Halfe a barrell of allame, xxv s.'

1571. Id. 364. Inv. John Wilkinson of N.C. 'j c. and } a qr. of fewld allom, ij li. ij. doss. lb. of rocke allom, viij s. Cf. Id. 414, 436, and xxxviii, 120.

1578. S.S. xxvi. 280. Inv. Jas. Backhouse of Kendal. Allom, half a hundreth, xiij s.'

Allamer, sb. 1467. Reg. Test, Ebor. iv. 43. Will of Alice Langwath of York. 'Aliciæ Braunce j allamer ij lagenarum, j pelvem.'

Allam-ledder, sb. pared with alum.

1566. S.S. ii. 264. Inv. Ralph Bouman of Durham. For allam ledder, xx s.'

Allegeance, 8b. The allegations, or things alleged. Old Fr. alégance (M.); Lat. allegatio. Cf. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y, 271, sæc. xv.

Sæc. xv. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 277 6. “When thay had lang tyme tretyd in this mater indifferentely, & herd and understand the allegeance and evidence of bathe sydes.'

Allegeance, sb. Alleviation. Old Fr. alegeance (M.).

1357. Archbp. Thoresby's Catechism. lightenes and alegeaunce of thair sekenesse.'

Allegement, sb. An allegation.

1490. Morehouse's Kirkburton, W. R. Y., p. 62. 'Th'allegeaments & records of both ye said parties to the same herd & by gud deliberacion clerlie understand.'

1516. Plumpton Corr. 217. 'I made aledgment for your mastership.'.

Aller, sb. The alder. Old Engl. alor, aler (M.).

Eller is another Northern form (cf. S.S. xxxviii. 158, and Snaith Inv.). Brockett, and Turner's Herbal (E. E. D. S.), xxxiv. 10.

1365. S.S. Ixxxii. 45. Rainton, near Durham. Præceptum est attachiare Tho. Nout

ALL hird .. de ix arboribus, vocatis allers, per ipsum excorisatis.' 1528.

Surtees' Durham, ii. 137. Cardinal Wolsey leases 'quercos, allers, et subboscum'at Chester-le-Street, co. Durham.

1542. Survey of the Borders, Caligula B. 8. The Cheviots. On the sides of the streams 'there growyth many allers, and other rammell wood.'

1615-16. Eccl. Proc. Durham, Medomsley. He did buye seaven score birk trees and allers.'

Allers, adj. All, all of us. Aller (Jamieson).

1506-7. Reg. iv. Parv. Pr. & Conv. Durham. Lr from the Prior to the King. “My brethirn and I, with our allers consent, wrote,' etc.

Allettys, sb. The French ailette. A steel plate worn by men-at-arms on their shoulders ’ (M.).

1314. Reg. Palat. Dunelm. ii. 674. Inv. Sir John Marmaduk. 'Item i gaunbeson cum allettys, pretii liij s. iiij d. Cf. S.S. ii. 18.

Alley, sb. i. The ala, or aisle, of a church. ii. An alley or passage. Common. Lat. ala, aula, or insula. Old Fr, alee. Hallamshire Gloss.

i. 1358. Reg. Thoresby at York. The Archbp. allows Sir Robert Hilton of Swine 'ad animas Matildæ et Margeriæ, filiarum

suarum, in posteriori parte porticus, sive aulæ, S. Trin. in

de Swyna sepultarum, in loco eminenciori et denotiori dicti porticus sive alæ, in quo quidem loco idem miles intendit sepeliri, .. transferendum.”

ii. 1495-6. S.S. liii. 274. Robt. Hancock, par. S. Mich., York, desires to be bur. “in le alia, ex parte boriali.'

. . 1512. S.S. lxxix. 37. Jane Harper of York desires to be buried in the midd alye, at my stale end.'

1558. York Registry. John Parkin desires to be buried at Fishlake in the north alley, where best roome may be had.'

1565. S.S. xxvi. 180. Richard Binks of Richmond desires burial ‘in the mydde allie, before the quere dore.'

. . c. 1590. S.S. xv. 32. Durham Cath. In the north allei from the north church dor to the owse allei in the myds of the church, called the Lantren alley, where the Lantren standeth.'

All-fulness, sb. The power to fill all.

1658. James Fisher of Sheffield, The Wise Virgin,' 4th ed., Introd. "Oh what happinesse for a poor soul to lose itself in the all-fulnesse of Christ.'

All-hallow-mass, sb. All Saints Day. Old Engl.

1503. Plumpton Corr. In the weke next afore Alhallowmase.'

1552. York City House Book, xx. 105. 'Before the fest of All-halow-mas next.'

Allhallowtide, sb. The season of All Saints. Old Engl.

1511-12. Northumbd Household Book, ed. Nicolas, 8. * The fyrst paymentt at All Hallow tide.'

1609. N. R. Record Soc. i. 167. Mullon. “The pension for Captayne Wood be paid before Alhallow-tyde.'

1641. S.S. xxxiii. 146. Elmsuell, E. R. Y. • They come to worke about Allhallow tide ;

Leather pre

ALM

xx d.'

ALL by that time they can well see aboute them in the morninge.'

Alliance, sb. Ally, kinsman. Old Fr, aliance.

1498-9. S.S. liii. 162. Will of Rob. Hirste of Leeds. *To Margaret Jopis, my alyance, for hir good service, v marke.'

1536-7. Reg. Lee, Ebor. Will of Sir Wm. Gurnell of Full Sutton. 'To Thos. Hugaite, my allyaunce, my best doublet.'

1538. Reg. Test. Ebor. xi. 287. Henry Wotton of Barnsley leaves 'to Elen Waller, my wyfe alliance, v merces.'

All-if, conj. Although. Scc. xv. York Miracle Plays, 41. All-yf thou can litill skill.'

Allow, vb. To judge, or reckon. Old Fr. alouer (M.).

c. 1460. S.S. iii. 15. 'If thou teynd fals, thou bese alowed ther-after als.'

Allowance, sb. Old Fr. alouance. Lat. allocatio. i. Generally a deduction from an Accompt, sometimes by reason of some particular out-payment, or arrear, sometimes as a remuneration of the Accomptant. This also took the form of food and drink, and in this sense the word still obtains. Also repayment. ii. A grant. i. c. 1490. Plumpton Corr. 68.

Lr from the Cellarer of Neubrough. Robart Goles brought with him a byll of alowance for Aykton Kilne.'

c. 1524. Churchwardens' Books, St. Michael's Spurriergate, York. • We aske alowans that we haffe laide downe abowyth the reporacions of the kirke' (i.e. repayment).

Id. 1594. Paid for our alowaunce at our coumpte makinge upe, iij s, iiij d.'

1536. S.S. lxxxi. 15. Ripon. Sum of the allowance x s. iiij d., and so remanyth liiij li.

1567. S.S. xvi. 211. Inv. of Geo. Nerille of Well. The curet of Spofforth, for his half yeare's wagis & allowans for gathering and leading of tythe, xiij li.'

1583. S.S. xiv. 421. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. 'I am driven both to lend good sums of money, and also to give more rewards than I can call for allowance' (i.e. repayment).

ii. c. 1600. Nichol's Topogr. and Genealogist, ii. 406. Description of Gisbro' Priory. "Twoe gatehouses had lodgings, & all houses of offyces aperteyninge to a dwelleinge house, whereof twoe of the Bulmers, knights, . were porters, havinge allowance, when they came, of a plentifull dyet at eyther gate, to enterteyne strangers, & of many horses in wynter in the stable, as in sommer at grasse.'

Allyment, sb. The element, or air.

1569. S.S. xxi. 192. Sedgefield, co. Durham. *Se the dyvell domines [another witness says,

Homilies '] fle into the allyment.' The Churchbooks were being burned.

Alm, sb. The elm tree. Aum (Brockett, Teesdale, and Craven Gloss.).

1602. York Reg., D. and C. Inv. Thos. Haxwell of York leaves 'j alme bowe, etc., v s. x d.'

1669. Diary of J. Swale of Askham, near York, saw awm tree, mell head, & stile.'

Almaine, sb. A German, Old Fr. Aleman (M.).

1582. S.S. xiv. 218. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. “The Englishman sent by Malveysier to the Duke remaineth still with him, pretending to be an Almaine.'

Almaine-Reitter, sb. A German rider or horse-soldier.

1582. S.S. xiv. 390. Lr from Sir R. Bowes. Their foreign horsemen shall be Allmen Reisters, and take shipping at Hamburgh.'

Almaine-rivets, sb. Armour for the b.)dy composed of splints rivetted together, from Alemaigne, or Germany.

1532. Raine's North Durham, 296. Norham Castle. “For cleaning ciij Almayne reyvetts,

1533. S.S. xviii. 139. Durham. 'Pro mundacione v Almayne reyvetts, xx d.'

1538. Surrey of Alnwick Castle, Newcastle Vol. of Arch. Inst. ii. 177. 'Furst, xij score & foure payre of Almen ryvetts, & as many payre of splenttes.'

1574. S.S. xxvi. 246. Inv. of Roger Burgh, par. Catterick, N. R. Y. ‘One corslet, and one Almane rivet, with the rest of his harnes, v li.'

Almery, Amber, Ambry, Aumbry, Awmry Old Fr. almaire. Lat. almariolum. There was at Wearmouth in 1321 ‘j almariolum ” (S.S. xxix. 140). • Pro j almariolo pre libris imponendis,' 1329 (Norham Church Roll). In S.S. ix. ccccxlv, is the bill for making an almariolum in the Cloisters of Durham in 1433. The books at Durham were kept in a

commune almariolum'(S.S. vii. 212), described in S.S. xv. 71. The walls of Archbp. Zouche's chapel at York are still lined with ancient almeries, containing records.

The word “Almery' is somewhat wide in its meaning, running from a large standing case of wood to a case let into a wall (a locker), a box, and even a rabbit-hutch. Ambry and aumbry (Brockett), aumry (Craven), almerie, ambry, aumery (Jamieson).

1371. Accompt Roll, Vicars Choral, York. 'In j clave pro halmery in capella, iij d.'

c. 1440. S.S. xlv. 99. Inv. of John Cadeby of Beverley. 'j almary vetus cum tribus stadiis [three stages high), ij s.'

1567-8. S.S. xxxv. 113. York Minster, To Edmonde Dacres for iij dayes worke bestowed aboute tayking downe certeyne almeryes.'

1567. S.S. ii. 250. Inv. Eliz. Hutton of Hunwick, co. Durham. 'An almerye with iiij doores & ij shootts, xiij s. iiij d.'

1570. S.S. ii. 334. Inv. of Wm. Dagg of Gateshead. 'j ambry, & a drinke ambry [for holding wine and beer), viij s.' 1572-3. Durham Registry. Will Eliz, Som

An almerie which was for keeping of conies' (a rabbit-hutch).

c. 1590. S.S. xv. 2. Rites of Durham. 'Severall lockers or ambers for the safe keepinge of the vestments and ornaments belonginge to every altar ; with three or four amryes in the wall pertaining to some of the said altars, for the same use & purpose.'

Id. 68-9 a. Within the Frater-house door there

xxj d.'

mer.

[blocks in formation]

is a strong ambrie in the stone wall, where a great mazer, called the Grace-cup did stand and a fine work of carved wainscot before it, and a strong lock, yet so as none could perceive that there was any ambrie at all, for the key hole was under the carved work of the wainscot,' The plate and linen were also in almeries, and the books (67, 71).

c. 1600. Nichols' Topogr. and Genealogist, ii. 421. Description of Cleveland.

• The place may well be called the Aumbrey of nature, for many of those raretyes which are dispersed in sondrye other storehouses of severall countryes, are here compassed in a lyttle circuyte of grounde.' 1685. G. Meriton's Poems, 44.

'I laid um here under the awmry soal.' Almightful, adj. Almighty. Sæc. xv. York Miracle Plays, 175. .Allmightfull lorde, grete is thi grace.'

Almons, sb Almonds. Cf, S.S. ii. 415; xxvi. 275.

Almosner, sb. Almoner. Lat. elemosinarius (S.S. xxi. 13). Almaser, almoseir, almousser (Jamieson). Cf. Aumry and Aumener.

1499. York City House Book, viii. 42. Thomas Wentworth, servaunt to ye kynge's almosner,' is mentioned.

1513. Arch. Æl. n. s. v. 179. La from Bp of Durham. Maister almosner, this victory was the most honorable.'

Alms, Almes, Almose, Almous, Almus, sb. Alms. Old Engl. almysse (M.). Lat. elemosina. Almons, almous, almows, awmous (Jamieson). Awmus (Brockett). Aumus (Whitby). Ommus, awmous, or awmus (Cleveland). Aumus (Mid Yks, and East Yks.). Awmus (Craven and Holderness). Awmoss (Thoresby).

1429. S.S. ii. 78. Will of Roger Thornton of Newcastle. "To every hows of almouse ordeynet for bedrydens in Newecastle, j marc.'

1444. S.S. xxx. 105. John Aldwyk of Hull leaves lands, etc., 'iu almose for the saules of my father,'etc.

Sæc. xv. Nassington's Poem on the Trinity, MS. Stowe, 753, 159. • Yare fore ye wyse man biddes us be mercyable to do almous.'

1477. Plumpton Corr. 35. He wold labor their deliverance for almes, not takeing a penny.'

1515. S.S. lxxix. 58. Will of S. Ellis of Bolton-in-Bolland. What remaynes I put to the grettest almouse that they can thynke.'

1646. S.S. xl. 6. Heptonstall, W.R. Y. “Shee tould her shee had given her a good almes of wooll before ..

but did give her an almes of milke.'

Alms-bed, sb. A bed for a poor person, generally in an almshouse. Sometimes called a God's bed.' Cf. S.S. lvii. 272; lxxix. 21, 26; xxvi. 172.

Alms-dish, sb. Cf. S.S. iv. 114.

Alms-house, sb. Cf. Brand's Newc.-on-Tyne, i. 642; S.S. lxxix. 26; xxxviii. 102; and Visitation Articles of Bp. Neile of Durham, 4to. Lond. 1627.

Alms-man, sb. Cf. S.S. ii. 308 ; xxii. cxxiii.; Nichols' Topogr. and Genealogist, ii. 406.

Alms-woman, sb. A woman in receipt of alms. c. 1490. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 366.

· Unto the tyme the .. fee ferme werr unto the said almus women fully content and paid.'

Alne, sb. The meaning here is sheeting made of linen, spun at Alne, near Easingwold, an estate belonging to the treasurer of York Minster.

1393. S.S. iv. 170. Will of John de Clifford, treasurer of York Minster. Volo quod dominus Joh. Rednes habeat . . unum par lynthiaminum de panno de Alne.'

Along, adv. Lengthwise. Old Engl. and-lang (M.).

1677. Breirly's Bundle of . Truths, 34. Grindleton-in-Craven. ‘Jove lyes along, even like to dye.'

Alongst, prep. Alongside of. See Along.

1583 Lib. Recept. Civ. Ebor. p. 90. At Steeton, near York, ‘jacente juxta, Anglicè alongst, le howe.'

1587. MS. Survey of Berwick-on-Tweed, Titus F. xiii. 269. The oulde walles of the towne from the castell-bridge alongeste the wyndmylle hole . . xvij fote.'

1611-2. York House Book, xxxiii. 253. Harland, tiler, shall cause the paveinge alonghest his wall to be maide levill.'

Alour, Ailour, Alouring, sb. Lat. alura ; Old Fr. aleure. A passage on the roof behind the parapet walls or battlements, or in the clerestory, etc., inside the church, or on the floor of the church itself.

1379–80. S.S.lxxxi. 101. Ripon Minster. 'In vij panellis vitreis . . in alura superiore emendandis, iij d.'

1394. S.S. iv. 197. John de Quenby desires to be bur. in St. Helen's, Aldwark, ‘in alura inter fontem et introitum chori.'

1398. S.S. ix. clxxxi. Contract for building the Dormitory at Durham. 'Desuper historiam fenestrarum erunt honesta alours et bretesmontes batellata et kirnellata.' Cf. id. clxxxviii, 'ailours et bretissementa.'

1412. Contract for building Catterick Church. He sall make a franche botras rising unto the tabill yt sall bere the aloring. • The hight of the walles of the quere sall be aboue the grounde twenty fote, with an aluryng abowne, that is to say with a course of aschelere & a course of creste.' The ele sall be alourde accordant to the quere.'

1413–14. Fabric Roll of Selby Abbey. 'In servicio ; hominis mundantis aluras ecclesiæ, claustri, etc. per ann. . . V s.' Alow, prep. Below.

Old Engl. Alaigh, alow (Jamieson).

1505. Guild Book of Berwick-on-Treed, i. 3. ‘No man, hawyn malvezey to sell him, shall retayll alow xvj d. the galon.'

Als, adv. and conj. As, relative or conjunctive. With antecedent Also. Alse, Als (M.). Old Eng. Common.

1357. Archbp. Thoresby's Catechism. • Als that a gret clerk shewes in his boke, Cf. S.S.

ys.

ALS

AMA iv. 186; xxiv. 91-2 ; xxx. 176; and North have been collected in Lent, and, once, Durham, 210, etc. etc.

at Wearmouth, in 1431, it is called Alslong, adv. As long.

the alteragium lanæ et lini' (S.S. 1528. S.S. lxxix. 265. Will of John Rose of

xxix. 198), as if the special charge Nottingham. ‘Alslong as the said money will or shall suffice.'

had been laid upon the wool and flax, Als-mekyll. As much. Old Engl. or perhaps the due was taken in kind. Alsmekle (Jamieson).

So at Pateleybridge, where much c. 1425. North Durham, 210. Norhamshire. cloth was made, there was an 'alteraFor alsmykyl als he nys mozt gilty of ye

said

gium panni” due to the church of deth.' 1442. Will Wm. Babthorpe. Hist. of

Ripon (S. S. lxxxi. 227, 230, etc., and Hemingbrough, 177. In als mekyll as yn theem

xii. xxvi).

* Alteragia dicuntur oblationes in pane ac 1450. Reg. ii. Parv. Pr. & Conv. Durham.

pecunia, vel aliis minutis decimis. Decimæ Lk to Sir R. Ogle. 'For alsmykill as I am vero minutæ consistunt in lana, lino, lacte, enformed,' etc.

caseis et agnis, etiam in partu animalium ut 1454. S.S. xxx. 176. Will of R. Constable of pullis, ovis, et decimis ortorum.' From flyBossall, N. R. Y. For alsmekyll as I garte leaf of Domesday Book, D. & C. York, 15th. cent. seese Codirston lande.'

1536. S.S. lxxxi. 25. The crown receives, 1466. Hampsthwaite. Yks. Arch. Journal, with other things, 'the tythe cornez and hay ii. 92. 'For alsmekyll as hitt lay upon his of the towne of Repon, with the alterage of ground.'

Pateley brigges.' Sæc. xv. Poem by Wm. Nassington of York,

Alumpning, 8b. Illuminating MS. Stowe, 733, f. 48 b. 'In als mykell als hys wylle to gan,

Lat. alumpniacio (S.S. xxxv. 132). He es slaer of yat man.'

1495. S.S. xxxv. 130. Chamberlain's Roll, Alsome, a. À word of doubtful

York Minster. Pro alumpnyng trium gra

dalium, xl s.' meaning.

Alve, Awe, sb. One of the float1535. Reg. Test. Ebor. xi. 233. Nicholas

boards of an undershot water-wheel, Bellamy of East Markham leaves' a paire of alsome sheites.'

on which the water acts (M.). Alsoon, Assoon, adv.

As soon. 1413-14. Accompt Roll of Selby Abbey. In Alsone (Jamieson).

servicio Joh. de Osgodby facientis xxxiiij alves

pro molendinis, iiij d.' 1454. Domesday Book. D. & C. York, 132.

1503. Reg. Test. Ebor. vi. 83 a. Wm. Wright Deed of the Prior of Pontefract. To be paid

of Malton desires his exrs to build a new mill at als sone as sufficiente surtee is maid.'

Butterwick and his sons are to repair it except 1470. S.S. xlv. 186. Nottingham. They' to do a messe on the morowe aftyr, alsone as they

lez cogges, spyndyll, awes & lez tryndyll.'

1532-3. Reg. of Leases, D. & C. York,' i. 53 b. shall mowe.' 1527-8. S.S. lxxix. 237. Will of John Gerves

Otley Mills. Reparacions . . cogges, spendels,

& alves excepted.' of Hornsey, E. R. V. 'Als sowne after my beriall, as can be possible.'

Alver, sb. (?) A pocket, from Alswa, Alsway, adv. Also. Old

alrareus (Lat.).

1349. S.S. ii. 19. Inv. of John Fitz MarmaEngl. alsná. Alsua (Jamieson).

duke, Lord of Horden. 'j alver xii d. j bursa c. 1370. S.S. xxxv. 181. York Minster.

viij d.' 'Yai may dyne byfore none, yf yai wille, and, 1351. S.S. ii, 64. Will of T. de Hoton, Rector alswa, ette atte none.'

of Kirkby Misperlon. Item do et lego Rogero Soc. XV. S.S. iii. 186. Oure lantarnes

Normanville j zonam de serico, j alver meliotake with us alsway.'

rem quem habeo,' etc. Soc. xv.

oem by W Nassington of York, MS. Stowe, 753, 37.

Alweldand, pple. All-wielding, ‘Ye seconde thyng es drede alswa.' almighty. Old Engl. All-wieldand 1442-3. S.S. xii. 146. Durham. The fee of (Jamieson). the said office, and alsua other fife marc.'

Sac. xv. S.S. iii. 156. * Bot if my Lord God Altarstone, sb. i. Probably a por

alleweldand be commen.' table altar. ii. The large altar-stone Amail, sb. Enamel. The word with five crosses on it.

Anamel is used in 1421 (S.S. xlv. 64). 1558. S.S. xxvi. 122. Inv. of Anne Ducket Amaille, amel (Jamieson). of Grayrigg, Kendal. 'A Messell and veste 1366. S.S. iv. 78. Will of Thomas de Buckments, with aulter stoyne, vj s.

ton, Rector of Rudby, N. R. Y. Domino 1677. Acct. Book of R. Walmesley of Selby Johanni de Cobbeham, militi, duas pelves meas and Dunkenhalgh. "For an altar-stone, 5 s.' pulcherrimas cum amaill.'

ii. 1569. S.S. xxi. 139. Durham, The said Robert & Henry did . gett both the

Amailled, Amailling, pples. Anealter stones, the one on Mr. Swyfft backsyd,

latio (S. S. iii. 299), amellatus (S.S. and the other was hedd in the century garth xlv. 9, 24), anillatus in 1345 (S.S. under moch mettall.'

iv. 14; ix. cliiii). The word Enameld Alterage, sb. Alteragium. Aul is used in 1421 (S.S. xlv. 64, 112). trages, aulterage (Jamieson). An 1516. S.S. lxxix. 73. Will of John Young, ecclesiastical due, probably for the

Dean of York. To Cardinal Wolsey my two maintenance of the clergy. At

gay saltes clene amelyd.'

1614. Rey. Test. Ebor. xxxiii. 365 a. Will of Jarrow and Wearmouth it seems to Chr. llarrison of York, goldsmith.

To my

AMA

AMB mann, James Plumer, my amellinge morter & French L'ambre (M.). A yellowish, pestell, & a paire of amellinge tonges.'

resinous substance, transparent, and Amang, Amanges, Amonges,

often shaped into ornaments, found prep. Old form of Among, Amongst.

in the Baltic, and often on the seaAmang (Brockett, Teesdale, Craven,

shore of the Northern counties. Whitby, and Cleveland Gloss.). This was and is the common form.

Quantities of it were found in York 1428. Reg. Civ. Ebor. A. Y. 255. Nane of

some years ago, wrought and unyat crafte wirke any lede amang other metaill.' wrought, in connection with Danish

1509. S.S. lxxix. 2. Will of John Alayn, of objects, showing that it was an Ossett, W. R. Y. “It is my will yt Elisabeth, my

article of commerce in York before suster, be well seen to amanges youe.' 1516. Id. 80. Will of Guy Palmes. "To be

the Conquest. It was then chiefly dispoased amonges my sonnes.'

made into earrings and beads. AfterAmazed, pple. Stupefied, bewild wards it was generally used for beads, ered.

for worship.' 1567. S.S. xxi. 121. Washington, co. Durham.

1390. S.s. iv. 129. Will of Wm. Askame of The said Horsfall, being amased, said, Srs, I have no money.'

York. 'Item į payr bedys of lawmbyr wt a

silver bruche & a rynge ad Sanctam Mariam 1637. Yks. Arch. Journal, vi. 382. Lr from

Abathiæ.' Lord Strafford to his w fe. 'I was soe blockish &

(A pair was a set.)

1394. Id. 199. Will of Sir Brian Stapleton, amased in good company as I am able to give

co. York. Jeo devise a mon nevew.. mes you noe relation of what they were.' 1655. Treatise on the Four Last Things, by

grandes paters noster de l'awmbre.'

1410. S.S. xlv. 44. Simon Birckbek of Gilling, near Richmond, 25.

Will of Wm, de Kerby of I reade of a certaine learned man, whom when

York. “Ricardo Walker į par bedys de l'ambyr,

cum uno monili de auro. his friends came to visit, they found him dead in his study, with his book lying open in his

1412. S.S. ii. 56. Inv. of R. de Kirkby, Vicar of lap, at which sudden accident they were much

Gainford, co. Durham. Unum par de bedes

de lambret unus Agnus Dei, x s.' amazed.'

1430. S.S. xxx. 13. Will of Wm. Stove of 1671. S.S. 185. Pickering. Being

Ripon. amaised, does not remember whether she had a

* Johanni Folkton unum par precu

larium de lambre.' candle or noe.'

1497. S.S. liii. 121. Will of R. Johnson of Amatist, sb. Old form of Amethyst. York. "To Malde Hancok my bedes of awmer, Old Fr. amatiste. Lat. amethystus which bedes contenyth I s.' (M.). Cf. S.S. xlv. 74, 164.

1498. Id. 134. Will of Alice Hildyard, of

Beverley Dionisiæ Langton unum par preAmbasset, 2b. Embassy. Fr.

carum de awmbor cum gaudiis deauratis.' ambassade (M.). Ambassat, ambassiat (The gaudia, or gaudes, were the larger beads, (Jamieson).

usually known as the Paternosters in the 1519. York House Book, ix. 85. The said

Rosary.)

1506. Id. 245. Twesday that the qwene rested hyr, come to

Will of John Fell of York, this citie a solempne ambasset oute of Scot

'A payr of beiddes of almer.'

1510. S.S. xxxv. 224. landle.'

Inv. of York Minster. Amber, Almer, Awmer, Awmbre,

Unum par precularium de albo awmbre cum

le gaudeys argenti deaurati.' [White amber is or, with the French article prefixed, an alloy of four parts of gold with one of silver L'ambre, L'ambyr, L'awmbre,

(M.).]

1541. S.S. ii. 117. L'awmer, sb. Aumer (Whitby Gloss.),

Will of R. Tougall of

Durham. 'A pair of aumer beyds gardit with and also Lammer in the North. From silver gardis.'

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