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carriage never takes part in a procession. her mother and looked at the pictures and But these home-made affairs almost seem talked about them. The little daughter to suggest a procession. They seem to trudged on until the crying stopped and fit into the needs of the procession. If a the baby was asleep. Then she joined chariot is needed for a general, he tucks her mother, and leaned against her. They his legs under him and squeezes into the looked so lovingly into each other's faces box, and is wheeled away with dignity. If that you forgot all about poverty and it is the horse of the home-made baby-car crowded rooms, and a baby who cried riage which is needed, why, he drops into night and day, and saw just a loving the procession with ease and yet is able mother and her little, helpful daughter. to take care of his charge, or he may find Ah, yes! the big brother appeared with a dozen ready to draw the wagon, while a box mounted on wooden wheels, and he attends to his duty as a leader.

the older baby rode home at the head of Then these wagons permit of so much the procession, two of the little girls cardecoration. Nobody objects to have tacks rying flags. The baby-carriage was half driven in at any place where it may be a block behind. necessary to produce the desired effects. Really, it will never be known who in

The March of the Geese vented that first jolly home-made baby Some interesting stories are told of wild carriage, but he must have loved children


We think of them as Aying, not and seen the possibilities for fun that there realizing that they have a reputation for were in his invention.

marching. Years and years ago, before But I did not start to talk about these the days of railroads in England, history baby-carriages at all, these jolly affairs that tells us that once nine thousand geese some big, loving brother makes for a tiny marched from Suffolk to London, a disbrother and sister, but about a little girl, tance of one hundred miles ; that for such a little girl, and yet so wise.

this long march but one cart was provided She has a number of little brothers and to carry the geese that might fall lame ; sisters. The baby is so tiny that he seems the owners knew how well the geese would like a doll. The other day the mother, walk. It is said that once a drove of the little girl, the older baby, and the Suffolk geese and a drove of turkeys left baby climbed up the hill to a park at the Suffolk for London together, and the geese head of the street. The park has a high reached London forty-eight hours in adiron fence about it, so that no one can get vance of the turkeys. in. But the flowers blossom freely, the Only a few months ago a flock of three fountain plays gayly, and the birds, from thousand geese, in charge of three gooselong, undisputed use, seem to own the park, herds, were driven down the quay at Antand play about in the fountain as they do werp and up the gang-plank aboard an nowhere else.

English vessel. There was a narrow canSomebody sent out a chair for the vas side to the gang-plank. They walked mother to use, and a picture book. The sedately aboard and crossed the deck,going mother sat down and took the older baby down an inclined boardi to the lower deck on her lap, jogging the baby-carriage with into an inclosure made ready for them. her foot.

It is said that a flock of geese can march The little girl, without a word, wheeled ten miles a day. Thirteen miles a day is the baby-carriage away up the street. Up the regulation march of a German soldier. and down the walk, out of hearing of her A traveler in the Arctic regicns says that he mother, the little girl pushed the baby- has seen the wild geese marching in those carriage, the mother rocking the older regions. They choose leaders who direct baby and looking at the pictures.

them as well as lead them. They walk It was hot, and where the mother sat about ten in a line, but in a column, and was a breeze, but that little, ragged, bare carry their heads high. At a signal they foot daughter thought of nothing but put spread out and feed, but at another signal ting the baby asleep, and letting her from the leaders they fall into line again. mother rest.

These geese, when they cross water in The children from the crowded street their journey, swim as they march, in a under the hill, her little playfellows, joined column ten geese wide.

Women's Clubs in Paris

The present visitor has not found this The President of the National Federa- statement verified in his experience. He tion of Women's Clubs has announced says. that the women's clubs of this country will It has been my privilege to see something have an exhibit at the Paris Exposition. of the daily life of a good many families livA special committee has been appointed ing under their own roof-tree, and in every in this country, and a local committee in

case, without exception, I have been struck

with the beauty and intimacy of the relation Paris, of members of clubs who will be in

between parents and children. When my that city for several months prior to the friend laid down his theory of the intractable opening of the Exposition. The local

American boy, I could not but think of a youth committees in this country will go to

of twenty whom I had seen only two days

before, whose manner toward his father struck work at once to gather and arrange the me as an ideal blending of affectionate comState exhibits. The National Association radeship with old-fashioned respect. True, of College Alumnæ will gather for the

this was in Philadelphia, “ the City of Homes,

and even there it may have been an excepDepartment of Education a special ex

tional case. I am not so illogical as to pit a hibit. This will show the growth in single observation against (presumably) a wide colleges for women and the increase induction; I merely offer for what it is worth in graduates, compare the increase in

one item of evidence. Again, it has been my men's and women's colleges, and give a

good fortune here in New York to spend an

evening in a household which suggested a consensus of opinion on such questions chapter of Dickens in his tenderest and most as: electives; the wisdom of adapting the idyllic mood. It was the home of an actor curriculum on the basis of sex ; the and actress. Two daughters, of about eightphysical development of women during acting in their father's company; but the mas

een and twenty, respectively, are on the stage, college life, and its effect upon them as ter of the house is a bright little boy of seven compared with other women, women in or eight, known as “the Commodore.” As it post-graduate work. The committee will happened, the mother of the family was away

for the day; yet in the hundred affectionate also gather valuable statistics as to the per

references made to her by the father and centage of marriages of college women, daughters, not to me, but to each other, I the average number of children, and read her character and influence more clearly, divorces. Those who remember the ex

perhaps, than if she had been present in the hibit of the college women of England beautiful “ interior

Hesh. A more simple, natural, unaffectedly

no novelist could conwill be grateful for this work of the col ceive. If the family tie is seriously relaxed lege alumnæ of America.

in America, it seems an odd coincidence that I should in a single month have chanced upon

two households where it is seen in notable A Mirror Held by an Englishman

perfection, to say nothing of many others in The homes of this country and the which it is at least as binding as in the average relations of the children to their parents English home. have furnished topics for the foreign critic. These pictures are in themselves atIf we do not know our faults, it is because tractive, and present the ideal of many we have chosen to neglect the opportunity homes. So close and fair an observer these critics have given us. There re

naturally sees the other side of the shield. cently traveled through this country an He has discovered that the American English critic whose comments on the is more migratory than the EnglishUnited States were published as a feature man, and comments on the hotel and of one of the New York daily papers. boarding house life as prone to destroy The subject of one article was the home the sense of home and family life. The life of the people. This critic states that Saratoga trunk is not the best corneran Englishman who had lived in this coun stone for the home.” What makes the try for twenty-five years told him that the Saratoga trunk the important part of the boys in this country from twelve to tuenty- belongings of so many, families? Is it one were insurgents against home re true that we have acquired tastes that straints and influences; that home meant make the simple, independent home seem less to an American than an Englishman. undesirable ?--SO undesirable that


prefer the cheap show of boarding house beautiful trees of this State from devastaor family hotel? Is it true that the art of tion. Where the caterpillars are found home-making is not attractive to many of in clusters and colonies on the branches the women of the present generation ? Is of trees, canvas should be spread beneath it true that the homely accomplishments the tree and the branch jarred, which at of cooking and cleaning, the responsibility once dislodges the caterpillars and throws of women for the home-making of our land, them to the ground, where they can be are not included in the course of studies gathered up and burned. Professor M. V. through which most of our girls go, nor in Slingerland, of the Cornell University their home training? Are young men and Agricultural Experiment Station, is makwomen not willing to begin housekeeping ing a careful study of the forest and on the plane upon which their fathers and apple tent caterpillars, which he will soon mothers began ? Will the next war we publish. From his “Emergency Report fight in this country be to free ourselves on Tent Caterpillars” we take these from the slavery to things ? Is it true directions for their extermination. that what we need is emancipation from the false standards that make permanent

Books on Food homes impossible to the innumerable thou

Dear Outlook : I wish to take a thorough

course in scientific housekeeping, especially sands who are thereby deprived of the in regard to the selection and preparation of sweetest experience of love and life be food for my family. I am entirely ignorant cause of the lack of a home?

in this respect, as I know nothing in regard to the nature of food products. Can you give

me a list of books pertaining to the subject? The Caterpillar Pest

A SUBSCRIBER. The change of the grub to the butterfly “ The Spirit of Cookery,” by J. L. W. loses its charm when it is the metamor- Thudichum ; “ Food and Feeding," by Sir phosis of a noxious worm into a destruc- Henry Thompson ; - The Chemistry of tive moth. Such a worm, known as the Cooking and Cleaning,” by Ellen H. Richtent caterpillar, is now attacking the fruit ards and S. Maria Elliot; " Comfort and and shade trees of New York State, and Cleanliness," by Mrs. Catharine M. Bucactive measures should at once be taken

ton ; · Home Sanitation,” by the Saniagainst it. These caterpillars are kept in

tary Science Club of the Association of check in the forests by the innumerable

Collegiate Alumnæ ; Evolution of the insect foes which their presence calls English House,” by Sidney Oldall Addy ; forth. In settled districts man must him

" Prize Essay of the American Public self protect his village and orchard trees.

Health Association,” by Mary Hinman Orchards can best be rid of these pests Abel ; “ Home Economics,” by Mary Parby thoroughly spraying the trees with loa ; " How to Drain a House," by George Bordeaux mixture, to which Paris green

E. Waring, Jr.; “ How to Build a Home," or some similar poison has been added at

by Francis C. Moore, are a few of the the rate of one pound to 150 gallons of books that you will find of practical use the Bordeaux. Where this has been in the all-round science of housekeeping. tried, three thorough applications of the spray have freed the orchard. · The city of To Time, Not to Hurry with the Boys Rochester has protected its trees by en

By H. C. Beeching listing the aid of the school-children in

Let them be a little space, collecting the masses of eggs which the Though they lack our crowning grace; moth lays in June around the twigs of the

Though their talk be not about trees. A few cents were offered for every

Things we talk of, dining out, hundred of the unhatched egg-clusters

Though their jokes are hard to see: collected, and prizes for the largest num

Let them be. ber of unhatched egg-clusters collected. Could we once have been as they? This method not only saves the trees but Fat and rosy, fresh and gay, trains the children, and, if begun in the With such reverence for the fact, early fall, when the eggs can be seen on With such perfect want of tact ? the twigs after the leaves have dropped, Yes? Well, all the same, prithee, and kept up until the first of April, when

Let them be. the caterpillar hatches, will rescue the

- The Spectator ( London).


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T Artistic Originality in Dress

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THE correct construction of a costume according to one's

own ideas can best be accomplished at home by one's self.
The most convenient stitching mechanism for the purpose

is the Singer Automatic, making the single-
thread chain-stitch. Its simplicity of parts,
easy operation, and the excellence of its work,
specially commend its use to the dilettante
dressmaker desiring to express her artistic
perceptions in the most appropriate form.

Having all the advantages claimed for
other “automatic" sewing-machines, the
Silent Singer has many points of preference
that can easily be demonstrated by compari-
son. Of faultless construction and finish,
it is absolutely the lightest-running, the sim-
plest and most compact. It is more easily
threaded, and its parts are better protected
from dust. The broad treadle better pro-
motes the health and comfort of the opera-

tor, because it is lower and the position of the feet can be changed at will. These points are worthy careful consideration by those of delicate health or unaccus!omed to continuous use of a sewing machine.

Sold only by

The Singer

Mfg. Co. Offices in Every, City in the World.

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