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'does, “ of many functional and some or

Notes and Queries ganic diseases " through faith, it is perti

NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTS.-It is seldom possible nent to interpret faith and discover its

to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its reproper basis. If it is so potent, how can

ceipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming it be invoked? Can it be cultivated in- from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our

will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising telligently? If not, then its availability limited space. Communications should always bear the

writer's name and address. would seem to be limited to those who are superstitious or susceptible to some Will you kindly give a criticism of Hudson's illusion. In that case, an intelligent man

“ Law of Psychic Phenomena "?. I am espewho believes in a world governed by cially, anxious to know your opinion of his

the divine, orderly law, and who would not

G. M. J. resort to a shrine or holy relic, would be We have repeatedly commended this at a comparative disadvantage. Is faith book for its general treatment of such suba blind, superstitious emotion, or a wise, jects as telepathy, clairvoyance, the pherational acquirement founded upon truth? nomena of spiritism, and psychical theraTo arouse a living faith one must feel peutics (commonly described as mind-cure, dependence upon something which seems faith-healing, etc.). We do not commend superior to himself.

its account of the mission of Christ, which If God be Omnipresent Love, and the emphasizes physical at the expense of Holy Spirit (Spirit of Wholeness) practi spiritual conceptions. Mr. Hudson justly cally available, is that not a lawful and brings within the range of natural laws omnipotent leverage for faith to exercise many works of Christ ihat have been itself upon ? May not such a basis be called miracles. But it is a pure assumpregarded, not merely as a religious emo tion to regard him as the teacher of tion, but, further, as a rational and practi- esoteric doctrine of healing," which he cal accomplishment in full accord with divulged only to chosen disciples. To spiritual, psychological, and physiological interpret his caution to one whom he law? How, then, shall it be brought into healed, " See thou tell no man," as foreconcrete personal expression ? By lifting shadowing the rule of mental healers to the consciousness through positive thought guard against relapse under the hostile and concentration into contact and one influence of skeptical neighbors, conflicts ness with the divine fullness and strength. with the fact of the contrary direction Can we not consciously share this all-suffi- to the restored maniac (Mark v., 19). ciency by systematically making ourselves Christ's conception of eternal life was esreceptive to it? The avenue is a culti- sentially ethical, but Mr. Hudson's seems vated feeling of its presence, here and now. mainly psycho-physical. Christ's concepFeeling comes from persistent thought- tion of the Holy Spirit was assuredly habit, and, as Dr. Gorham clearly shows, higher than Mr. Hudson's description of takes hold of physiological processes. Is him as a personification of the truth-seekGod a“ Present Help”? In just the degree ing spirit in man. And his notion that that we feel him to be so. If this is in

“ in the absence of belief in immortality accord with man's constitution, that fact the soul will necessarily perish” makes would make it logical and even scientific. the core of our nature to be in what is This need not lead to extremes, nor to intellectual rather than in what is moral, any withholding of the reasonable use of the living will. Christ, on the contrary, material auxiliaries.

conditions the eternal life on that faith in Dr. Gorham's timely article is an indi- him which unites our will to his in aspiracation that conventional therapeutics is tion and effort to realize the divine rightbecoming less materialistic, and that its

eousness. scope is being widened to the recognition and employment of closely related psychis is usually quoted of Psalm cxxviii., 2, but

1. “He giveth his beloved sleep" is all that cal and spiritual laws which are exact

the little word so which preceaes it, or “for and reliable. Truth being a great unit, so "-"for” being an interpolation-must limit all its factors upon every plane must be, the phrase in some way. Does it, in connecnot only related, but mutually useful and tion with the preceding phrase, mean that the

struggles there indicated are vain, because, by confirmatory.


denying His beloved the things desired, God Boston,

so giveth them rest or sleep from greed for

J. G.

gain that would lead them from him? 2. ton's “Open-Air Preaching” (Hartford, Verse 4, same psalm, “So are the children of Conn., Theological Seminary, 75 cents). the youth ”-does this mean that the children of one's youth are stronger, mightier, intel

3. Professors Fulton and Trueblood's lectually as well as physically, than those of “ Practical Elements of Elocution” (Ginn his maturer years ? *3. Is the phrase " I will & Co., Boston, $1.50); Bautain's “ Art of be inquired of by my people, saith the Lord of Extempore Speaking” (Scribners, New Hosts," quoted to me the other day, anywhere York, $1.50); Dr. Buckley's" Extemin the Bible? 1. The margin of the Revised Version

poraneous Oratory for Professional and reads “in sleep.” The idea seems to be,

Amateur Speakers" (Eaton & Mains,

New York, $1.50). as in the preceding verse, the futility of human effort apart from the divine bless

Please name some articles on Church Unity, ing. What we strive for early and late is either in magazines or books. J. E. P. bestowed even

so" when we are repos The most elaborate is Professor ing in sleep. Compare Mark iv., 26.

Shields's “ United Church in the United 2. The Revised Version reads “ children

States” (Scribners, New York, $2.50). of youth.” The implication you mention Others are Dr. Huntington's “ National does not seem to be here, but only a rec

Church” ($1), and a chapter in Dean ognition of the fact that the birth of chil

Hodge's “Faith and Social Service dren occurs in earlier rather than in later (T. Whittaker, New York, $1.25). These life. 3. The nearest to it is in Ezekiel contain all that can be reasonably said on xxxvi., 37, “I will be inquired of by the the general subject. house of Israel." 1. What inference may be legitimately drawn the best histories of the Hebrew people, you

In your recent reply to a query respecting as to man's inability from the Pauline meta made no reference to McCurdy's “ History, phor “dead in trespasses"? 2. Can you name Prophecy, and the Monuments.” Perhaps you any books on (a) Biblical Antiquities, (6) Rhet did not regard this book as included in the oric of the Bible, (c) Mystery of Matter? terms of the inquiry, or possibly you do not

put upon it a very high estimate. I should 1. None. So long as it is true that such be much obliged for an expression of your a one ought to become a renewed man,

opinion of its merits.

W. R. L. S. “ alive unto God,” so long it is true that We have referred to it when it seemed

Ought” cannot be affirmed un desirable, and have repeatedly commended less 6 can

is affirmed also. 2. (a) Bis- it as a work of high merit in its own field. sell's “ Biblical Antiquities" is sufficient for a general account; special works are

Please name two or three of the ablest books numerous (Sunday-School Union, Phila- holding the “post-millennium” position of the

coming of our Lord. Please name first the delphia, $1.50). (6) Cook's “ The Bible

one most exegetical.

COURTESY. and English Prose Style" (D. C. Heath

We are unable to make the discrimina& Co., Boston, 55 cents). The subject tion required. The best course for one you name requires fuller treatment than

who desires a sound view of the whole it has yet received. (9) Baron Kelvin's subject is to study Dr. Terry's compre, Popular Lectures and Addresses, Volume I., " The Constitution of Matter” (The (Eaton & Mains, New York).

hensive work on “ Biblical Apocalyptics" Macmillan Company, New York, $2), also Picton's "Mystery of Matter” (Fitzgerald, A. B. L.-A correspondent sends a New York, 15 cents).

copy of Fanny Forrester's poem “My Can you recommend a few good books on

Bird,” which we will forward on receipt the following subjects: (1) Homiletics; (2)

of address. Pastoral Theology, Evangelistic Work; (3) Elocution and Public Speaking ?

I wish very much to get the music of which

J. G. M. the following words are a part. It is sung 1. “The Making of the Sermon,” by by Yale and Amherst students, and must come

from somewhere : Professor Pattison (American Baptist Publication Society, Philadelphia, $1.50).

Wrap me up in my tarpaulin jacket,

And say a poor duffer lies low; 2. “ The Romance of Christian Work and

With six jolly seamen to carry me, Experience," by Rev. W. Hay Aiikin (E. And steps measured, mournful, and slow." P. Dutton & Co., New York, $2); Bying.

J. E. B.

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What Kept the New Chimney Waiting “I'll show you why we must wait for By Annie H. Donnell

the new chimney, when we get home, A new chimney was going to be built boys," he said, cheerily. “You'll agree on Grandpa's house, and the boys were in with me, I know. It's a case of necessity." a state of high glee. They were always “ But I don't see what made you dedelighted when there was something going cide to, Grandpa," Wayne said, soberly. on, and this would be “something like, Grandpa's eyes twinkled under their Wayne said.

shaggy brows. "Mike's coming to mix the mortar, you

“ A little bird told me to,” he said, and know, and carry it up the ladder to the that was all they found out until they got

He'll tell us stories noonings- home. Then the same little bird told Mike's such fun !"

them. Grandpa took them up into the “Yes,” echoed Casper, “I guess he is! attic, with a great air of mystery. The You spell Mike's kind o’ fun with a big Fold chimney had been partly taken away-and a big U and a big N! I say, Wayne, half-way down to the attic floor. Grandpa let's go get his hod and play we're hod t ptoed up to it and lifted them, one at a carriers, with mud for mortar, you know time, to peer into it. come on!”

"Sh!" he whispered softly; "look “Come on!” shouted Wayne ; “it's sharp.” leaning up against the barn. Mike left it And there, on a little nest of mud, lined there last Friday when he brought his with thistledown and straws, that rested things over."

lightly on the projecting bricks, sat the On the way to the barn they saw Grand- little bird ! She blinked her bright eyes pa harnessing Old Molly to the big blue at the kind faces peering down, as if to cart. That meant a beautiful, jolty ride saydown to the orchard, and the boys for "Oh, dear, no ; I'm not afraid of you ! got all about playing hod-carrier. They Isn't this a beautiful nest ? so exclusive climbed in and jolted away.

and safe! There are four little speckly, “ Mike's coming to-morrow, you know, freckly eggs under me. When I've hatched Grandpa, and the mason," said Casper, them and brought up my babies in his voice quiver-quavering over the jolts. the way well-educated little chimney“Oh, goody !” cried Wayne. But dear swallows should go, then you can build old Grandpa shook his white head. your chimney, you know."

“Not to-morrow, boys ; you'll have to So that was why Grandpa's new chimwait a bit longer. I sent word to Mr. ney had to wait. Keet and Mike last night that they needn't come for a few weeks longer; I'd decided

By Foot in Mexico to put the chimney off.”

We are

so accustomed to railroads, "Oh, Grandpa !"

trucks, horses, and steamboats to fetch Both clear little voices were shrill with and carry for us that we cease even to disappointment. Both little brown faces think how the things we wear or eat or fell. Grandpa did not speak again at use come to us. once—he was guiding Old Molly carefully In Mexico, a neighboring country, sepaout at the side of the cart-road. The rated from us only by a river, men and boys saw a little crippled butterfly flutter women do the carrying. It is said that in ing along in the wheel-track--that was the interior the people would suffer were why Grandpa turned out. Grandpa's big it not for these human carriers. The men heart had room enough in it for every carry, for a mile or two at a time, loads little live thing. Back in the track again, weighing two hundred and fifty pounds; further on, Grandpa spoke.

and some of the strongest can carry a load

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weighing four hundred pounds for a mile. The collectors who go into these forests These men and women are called "foot to gather the “milk” are provided by their freighters" to distinguish them from mule employers each with a knife, an ax, several teams that are also - freighters." The tin cups, a large gourd, or a big clay bowl. “ foot-freighters "often have cards outside The knife is to cut away the underbrush their houses telling that the family for ten in the forest to reach the rubber-tree, and sometimes more generations have been which resembles an ash somewhat, and "cargadores."

flourishes best in the deep shade. The Years ago, in the outlying country out ax is to cut the bark and make gashes side of the cities, houses were built that from which the sap flows into the tin cups. were regular stations where the foot-freight- About seven are hung on each tree. The ers met and exchanged loads. The heavy milk is collected in the gourd, which holds loads were supported on the back of the from five to seven hundred cups. The shoulders by straps over the forehead and collector goes from tree to tree, sometimes around the shoulders.

tapping as many as one hundred and fifty The mail-carriers in New Mexico are in a day. able to travel in a sort of trot forty miles a The nuts of certain palm-trees are supday, and do not seem to tire.

posed to be the best fuel for curing rubber. From a railroad train these “ foot When these cannot be found, bark and freighters may be seen trotting along twigs are used. Over the fire is placed a with their heavy loads. The railroad funnel somewhat like a water-jug, without people say that they rival the railroads. bottom or handle; through this the smoke The people work for so little in Mexico, rises. and find it so much easier not to change The collector has a broad-bladed padtheir methods of doing business, that the dle, which is made of wood. This he dips foot-freighters” and mule teams

into the milk and holds it over the smoke. duce the business of the railroads.

When this coat is cured, the paddle is A traveler in Mexico standing at the dipped again into the milk to take on door of his hotel saw a woman with a another coating. Over and over again heavy load of charcoal strapped to her this is done, until the cured rubber is of the back, a jar of pulque -a Mexican drink- required thickness on the paddle. To on her head, while at her back were remove it, a cut is made through to the tucked comfortably her twin babies. The paddle and the rubber removed ready next was a man with a pile of chairs for packing. This is the method which towering seven feet above his head. In makes the best rubber. the mountains, where the ore is mined, the The name “rubber" was given to “hefoot-freighters have their hardest work, vea,” or “caoutchouc," an Indian name toiling up ladders with the heavy sacks for the tree, by an English artist who disof ore hanging from straps across their covered that a gum imported from South foreheads, while they pull themselves by America removed pencil-marks readily. their hands up the ladders. Coffee is carried to the coast from the plantations, the

A Tragic Tale of Tea men singing as they trot along the roads.

By Carolyn Wells Everywhere the country is dependent on The Beetle was blind, and the Bat was these " foot-freighters," who possibly look blinder, upon railroads

as their most dreaded And they went to take tea with the Scisenemy.


The Scissors-grinder had gone away
South American “ Hevea "

Across the river to spend the day, In the region of the Amazon River, in But he'd tied his bell to the grapevine South America, are enormous forests of swing. rubber-trees called “hevea," the name The Bat and the Beetle heard it ring, given to the tree by a French botanist. And neither the Beetle nor Bat could see The center of this great rubber industry Why no one offered them any tea. is Para, Brazil. Over twenty-two thou- So, polite and patient, they are waiting yet sand tons, of rubber were shipped from For the cup of tea they expect to get. this port last year, and sent over the world,

- St, Nicholas,

Cooking in the Public Schools

in the home life of the people. The lesThe Department of Agriculture, in col sons in economy in the use of materials lecting and disseminating information on will work a change that will mark the difthe use and preparation of foods, is doing ference between comfort and poverty. the country and the cause of education great service. The Department has just

A Service Book issued Bulletin No. 56, devoted to the Various attempts have been made in history and methods prevailing in the this country to secure references for servpublic schools of New York, by Louise

ants that have a real value. To-day, E. Hogan. This bulletin contains an in- references, the greater portion of them, troduction by Professor A. C. True, who are merely indicative of the kindly dispostates that the object of the bulletin is to sition of the last mistress ; too often a supply information to the rural schools. still stronger evidence of her lack of moral The term “cooking-school " implies learn- courage. Recently the German Houseing how to put certain quantities of mate wives' Association of New York appealed rials together to produce certain results. to the Municipal Council to appoint a A glance at the plan of work presented committee to look into the subject of dofor those schools reveals that the first mestic service, with a view to secure betstep is to teach the student the nature of ter conditions for maids and mistresses. the material she is using. The subjects The Municipal Assembly of New York under the schedule of work include lightens its arduous labors by jokes that chemistry, botany, physics, biology, physi- do not always maintain its dignity. This ology, and hygiene. In addition to the resolution was by many classified under tools associated with the idea of cooking this head. Why? If some general law are found the microscope, the testing-tube, or usage could regulate the business side and the thermometer. Chemical experi- of domestic service, it would be a great ments are made with raw materials to gain in peace and happiness. For in extract the food product. The general stance, in Germany every servant is comculture inseparable from the method of pelled to own a “ Service Book.” This conducting the work in New York will be book must be made according to a certain a surprise to those who know the cooking- legal description. The first page has the school of former years. The following is owner's name, birthplace, date of birth, the list of books recommended for use in and description of the owner. The leftconnection with the course in cookery : hand pages must have five divisions. Foods, by Edward Smith.

These record the number of situations, Chemistry of Cookery, by W. Matthieu

the kind of service, names of employers, Williams.

their occupations and residence, the date History of a Mouthful of Bread, by J. Macé, of arrival and departure from each situatranslated by Mrs. A. Gatty. Remsen's Chemistry.

tion. The right-hand page records the cerLaboratory Manual of General Chemistry, tificate of the employer, and the reason for by Williams

leaving the situation. This book must be Vegetable World and Animal World, by shown to the police before the owner can Figuier. Elements of Structural and Systematic Bot

enter into a new situation. Should the any, by Campbell. (Boston, 1890.)

owner refuse to show the book to a wouldPrinciples of Hygiene, E. M. Hunt.

be employer, there is a heavy penalty Spirit of Cookery (Thudichum).

attached. Should the employer refuse to Century Cook Book (Mary Ronald). European and American Cuisine (Lemcke). give a certificate of character to a servant The Murray Collection of Cook Books.

about to leave his service, there is a perFrancatelli's Modern Cook Book.

alty for such refusal. Marion Harland's Books.

While it is very doubtful whether there The Supervisor of Cookery, in answer can ever be municipal regulation of doto a question, replies that she believes that mestic service in this country, the above this work will bring about great changes plan is feasible where mistresses combine

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