« PredošláPokračovať »
the brave fellows to whom he owed the fight again if need be. An old man was day; these were the men that he had seen trundled along in a large perambulator. fighting behind their guns. His face bore He waved his hat from where he lay bean expression as if he were bidding them neath a covering blanket. Some one said farewell. For three hours and more the that he had entered Mexico with General saluting soldiers marched beneath the Scott! The young veterans of the war Arch. The West Pointers were followed with Spain, in their stained and weather. by the Regulars. Great siege-guns and beaten uniform, reminded us how lately we light artilery trundled by. Visiting regi- had been in conflict. ments from the Southern and Western The wind had blown up chill and strong States came in for hearty greetings, but from the west, the shadows lengthened, and perhaps the loudest was given to a body of many seats in the stands were vacant, but bronzed, sturdy fellows in blue shirts and the show was not yet over.
When the khaki breeches—the Tenth Pennsylvania, Admiral and his escort had started for the just back from the war in the Philippines. big hotel that has been aptly te, med “an Somehow it made the blood course warmly American invention for supplying excluto see them. The brave men who had siveness to the masses,” there was a rush enlisted for one war and stayed on to fight made by the crowd; the police were swept another ! There were partisans' shouts away ; down the Avenue, up the Avenue, as favored regiments went by; the Gov- from the side streets the people poured, to ernor of our own State received an ova meet about the Arch. The glorious sunset tion as he led his own division. The sky lifted in the west, a halt-light descendbands came quicker, some played the old ed on the teeming street, the searchlights familiar marching tunes, while two at from the tops of the buildings played least swung along to the air of “Onward, their rays upon the Arch. The tired Christian Soldiers;" the Southerners played crowd began to dwindle; two hours more, “Dixie.” The Governor's Footguard of and save for the bunting and the decoraConnecticut, in their old Continental uni- tions, the symptoms of the madness of form, looked as if they had stepped out the city were dying out. Small boys everyof the pages of past history, with their where were gathering up bundles of wood, black gaiters, knee-breeches, and their the flotsam and jetsam left on the sidebearskin busbies. The Volunteers and walks. The rush was made for the ferries the Grand Army of the Republic followed and railway stations, and as I walked in their turn, led by the gray, one-armed homeward up the Avenue the streetGeneral. Their ranks grow thinner every cleaners were loading wagons with the year, but there were many there able to débris the hordes had left.
Meeting Dewey in Manila Bay
By Major-General Wesley Merritt, U.S.A.
First Military Governor of the Philippines
AM asked to tell of my meeting with As we neared the looked-for place, there Admiral Dewey in Manila Bay ; and was much staring at the unbroken horizon
while there is nothing dramatic to and much speculation among the officers, relate, the occasion was one of such com which became more earnest as we confort and pleasure that I have a vivid recol- tinued along the due-west course without lection of the incidents of that morning. seeing any sign of a ship. Finally Luzon
The transport Newport, carrying the came in sight. The sea was like a mirAstor Battery, a battalion of the Third Ar ror, the sky was cloudless, the air of tillery, and my staff, myself, and a million peace was almost irritating; it gave us and a half of treasure, had sailed from San nothing on which to base a theory as to Francisco on the 29th of June. On that why we had not been met except the old, morning, just before leaving, we received worn-out premises. I was not greatly wornews that Admiral Camara was entering the ried, but, having had no news of any kind Suez Canal, bound presumably for Manila, for nearly four weeks, and with so much and his movements were therefore a mat at stake, it was only sensible to examine ter of intense interest. If he should reach the possibilities; fortunately, this examiManila and successfully attack Admiral nation was always reassuring. I believed, Dewey, or if, avoiding Manila, he should in the first place, that we could beat send a ship to intercept us, our situation Camara to Manila, supposing he had been would be critical in the extreme. Four able to coal; and even were he to get other ships followed a few days behind there first, I felt convinced that Admiral mine, carrying General McArthur's bri- Dewey would give such an account of gade, and not one of them could have himself that Camara would have precious made any resistance to the smallest gun- little fight left in him. boat. As it was impossible for the navy Thinking thus, we steamed down the to furnish us an armed ship as escort, it coast toward the entrance to Manila Bay. was arranged that Admiral Dewey should We could see Corregidor Island standing send one to meet us at a point six hun- up like a sharp green crag at the entrance; dred miles due east of Cape Engaño, the we turned to the left and faced the wide northeast point of Luzon, and conse channel. Still no sign of a ship. At last quently our ip was steered for that spot. were past the island, and the shipping
near Cavite could be plainly seen. Thea where, as a matter of convenience, I remen-of-war could be distinguished, and tained my headquarters. He always imthey seemed very numerous, but no in pressed me as a self-contained, nervy man, dication of movement or life could be not given to talk, and prompt in action. made out. Finally, as we proceeded up On more than one occasion I found it the broad bay, dark clouds of smoke began necessary to ask him for supplies of differto pour from a funnel ; a ship got under ent kinds needed by parts of my comway, and then in a little while we could mand. He always seemed to have what see the Stars and Stripes Aoating on was wanted, and was quick to respond to her, and we knew beyond a peradventure our assistance. that all was well. It was the Concord, When the demand for the surrender of which came to find out who we were. the city was formulated, we talked over Receiving this information, she showed us the situation, and the draft of the letters the way to our berth, and reported to the which called on the Spanish Governorflagship.
General to take measures for the protecAs soon as we had come to anchor. tion of the women, children, and nonAdmiral Dewey could be seen putting off combatants; and afterwards the summons from the Olympia and coming our way. to surrender and the notice of intended The officers and men of the Newport attack were all submitted to the Admiral crowded the rail to get a look at the fa and by him cheerfully acquiesced in. mous Admiral, and in a few minutes he was Nothing, indeed, could have been more in my cabin giving me a hearty and cheer pleasant than the cordial co-operation of ing welcome to the waters he ruled by the army and navy in all the work they right of conquest.
were called upon to do throughout the After greeting me and making the ac campaign. quaintance of the officers of my staff (some In making the arrangements for the of whom he had known before), the Ad assault of the city, it was Admiral Dewey's miral carried me away to his flagship for desire to open the attack in the afternoon, lunch. Of course we had much to talk of, as he said the sun would then be at his and, strangely enough, it was he, who had back and in the enemy's face, the light been for many months in the East, and would be better for shooting, and the sea not I, so lately arrived, that had the news probably smoother. I represented to him, from home to relate. He told me of the however, the great advantage to the army magnificent victories of the army and navy of attacking in the morning, so as to give at Santiago, which had occurred nearly a us plenty of daylight in which to complete month before, of the gallant fighting our the work, take possession of the city, and soldiers had done, and the sad losses they guard against the entrance of insurgents. had sustained. It was hard to crowd all An afternoon attack would leave all of the events of that historic month of July this exacting duty to be done at night, and into one brief talk, but he had not forgotten give every advantage to the beaten enemy, to save me the latest Hong-Kong news or be disastrous to us in case of failure. papers. It was hardly necessary for the The Admiral at once yielded to me on Admiral to explain why he had not sent a this point, and it was agreed that he should ship to meet us at the rendezvous agreed open
fire at 10 A.M. upon, for I quickly learned that Camara's Sailors never like to do the work in a feet had never gotten beyond Suez, and campaign which they think should be done our anxiety was quite forgotten in hearing by the troops for themselves, and soldiers so much good news. While the Admiral can't manage many things on the water was in my cabin on the Newport, his flag which sailors do so handily. To land Genlieutenant, Brumby, was out on deck giv- eral McArthur's brigade in time for the ing the news to my staff ; and when one assault of the city, which I felt should be of these went forward to tell our men undertaken with the least possible delay, to what had happened in Cuba, they cheered get food, and, above all, ammunition, to the themselves hoarse.
troops through the tremendous surf, was From this time on I naturally saw Ad a task for which sailors' skill and navy miral Dewey frequently, either visiting appliances were much needed, and Adhis flagship or he coming to the Newport, miral Dewey placed both at our disposal.
During the trying week when our the city should not be assaulted until every trenches were being dug in the face of condition was favorable for quick and the enemy, and when our men were sub decisive results ; on the 13th of August jected to a furious fight every night, this time had come, and Manila was taken although the Admiral was very anxious with the loss of very few lives of Amerinot to precipitate an attack, yet the can soldiers. Raleigh was stationed off our camp with Admiral Dewey needs no eulogy from orders to go in and open whenever we me, but any one who comes in contact signaled that her assistance was necessary. with him officially will find, as I found, In these as in all ways, he lent the hearti that he does all things in that same workest co-operation in the trying work our manlike way which characterized his persoldiers had to do. We both desired that formance of the first of May, 1898.
THE DEWEY MEMORIAL SWORD
Admiral Dewey's Firmness and Courage
In a book about Admiral Dewey just was sent, and escorted the German boat to published by Mr. John Barrett, lately the Olympia, where an excited staff officer United States Minister to Siam, the author of Admiral von Diederichs explained his quotes Captain Sir Edward Chichester, of indiscretion. According to one of the the British ship Immortalité, as saying: officers present, the American Admiral's " Your Admiral accomplished by tact, comments were as follows : firmness, and good judgment in Manila Do you appreciate what you have done? Bay what many naval men would have Do you know that such a rash act on your thought possible only by war. Dewey is
part is against all the rules of war, and might
even have been the cause of serious trouble a natural fighter, but, true fighter as he
between your country and mine? Suppose is, he prefers to win a peaceful victory. that shot had killed you and sunk your launch, He is a great man.” As an instance the effect might have been to have brought proving this, Mr. Barrett tells of a minor
on misunderstanding and a conflict. It would incident which might have proved of the ing us harm to have put up a German flag and
have been very easy for a Spanish boat meanmost serious import: A German steam sunk the Olympia, if we did not stop it in time. launch attempted to approach the Olym
There is no excuse for such carelessness. You
should understand the rules of war in a matter pia after dark. A German collier had
of this kind. Please present my compliments come late into the harbor, and Admiral
to your Admiral, and ask him to direct his von Diederichs wished to get permission officers to be more careful in the future. that night for it to join his squadron. As In this connection Mr. Barrett speaks the boat neared the Olympia it was hailed, very plainly as to the mooted question but without reply. The hail was repeated why Dewey asked to be reinforced by one again without reply. By this time, says or two battle ships, such as the Oregon Mr. Barrett, the Admiral was looking out and the Iowa. “Without violating any into the darkness, and after a moment's state secrets,” says Mr. Barrett, “I can investigation he called to the officer of say that the Admiral wanted them for the the deck: Why don't you fire? It plain and simple reason that he wished to doesn't stop!” A shot was fired, and the be prepared in the event of Germany or boat came on unharmed. “ Fire again, any other European Power becoming comand fire to hit !” exclaimed the Admiral: plicated with America in the settlement and the second ball, aimed just as the of the Philippine question. The attitude searchlight revealed the German colors of the Germans in Manila Bay had been on the intruder, splashed within three feet a surprise, he argued, and there might be of the boat. Then she stopped. A launch still greater surprises in store.