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for eyes.

spikes of the pink helonias, close to a sweetbrier clambers over the north quarry beautiful natural bouquet, made up of the bank in perfect abandon. I saw it first wild geranium, the giant chickweed, and near the sunset of a warm June day, and the feathery seed-heads of the dandelion. the great sheet of delicate pink, with the

The plant-world is not lavish in blue upspringing buds and twigs, gave a new flowers — perhaps

cause to thank God Nature has bal

The enanced the azure

couragement of skies against the

food and care has masses of white

brought this rose and pink, red and

into a wonderful yellow, which are

richness here, and most familiar.

not even the masses Hence the addi

of the prairie-rose, tional interest felt

the white loveliness in the blue flowers

of the multiflora, we have. At Dolo

still less the rich bran, in a shady

hues and primp roadside nook, one

bushes of the is fairly startled

French-grown June at the springtime

roses in the formal loveliness which

• rose garden,” the drooping blos

cause one to waver soms of the bluet.

in his admiration or mertensia, af

for this wild beauty. ford. The shy flow

Just about rose ers almost hide be

time comes into neath the whitish

bloom a handsome green foliage, until

shrub, the oakcloser looking dis

leaved hydrangea. closes their shad

Its flat white heads ing from pale pink THE LOVELY COLUMBINE"

border the quarry to richest sky-blue.

path, and on a rocky Back of the blue, the clustered umbrellas little promontory near by one sees an interof the May-apple are seen, the waxy white esting result of Mr. Manning's desire to and almost concealed flowers just ready have growing things everywhere—the gray to open; and beyond, the wood vista of sedum has fairly covered the rock-face, bursting leaf and bud is a fitting back- dotted only here and there with associate ground.

plants. It is charming to see here, on Along the shady “Engagement Glen" another bold rock full in the sun, fine Mr. Manning has encouraged the well- little colonies of the quaker-lady, which known spring-beauty to locate, and its does also so well in the shade and coolness delicate, starry white blossoms fairly car

of the old quarry. pet the slopes. No one will deny the In the bright August days we find a appropriateness of the common name who succession of warm yellow blooms. The sees this claytonia here. The violets at soft sunflower presents its handsome Dolobran are a revelation. White as well flowers in a picturesque confusion. giving as blue, the delicate yellow, the bird's a sharp contrast to the accepted idea that foot with its two-colored form—all are all sunflowers are large and stiff and here, and happy they are !

coarse. Not far away the delicate blossoms While springtime seems to hurry and of the gaura hang along graceful branches, crowd its profusion of flowers to make up and a simply gorgeous cluster of rudfor the bleak days of winter, the American beckia, our common “ black-eyed Susan," garden has its glories of early summer as stops you with its bold beauty. Conwell as its rich autumn blossoms. In trasting sharply, we catch the scarlet-hued late June comes the wild-rose time—and bloom-heads of the bergamot. To add what a time of beauty! The fragrant grace and delicacy to the picture, here are


six-foot plants of the ragged-sailor (a times shaken its spring foliage of silver most unaccountable “common name '), and sea-green right in front of the mosswith lightly hung spikes of bright car- pink garland, until one's eyes were almost mine. You have probably kicked aside surfeited with the color joy of it all ! the same

weed” on many a road-path ! Do I give the impression that DoloDolobran is a repository for our lovely bran's American garden is a great park native asters and goldenrods, which in in extent ? I do not want to, for its richlate summer give so much beauty. The est setting covers a few acres only, and great New England aster, and starry the variety and beauty are the result of smaller ones, flank successive bits of the Mr. Manning's careful planning, artistic various goldenrods all through the Sep- conception, and sheer love for the work. tember days, when the rich and mature The miles of Biltmore are but yards here, greens of the tree foliage give place to and well so, for in a happy spring mornoccasional flashes of scarlet as a maple ing one may grasp nearly the whole range throws out its brilliant signal of the sum of America's rich flora, less than an hour's mer's end.

trip from the shadow of William Penn's There is much enjoyment in watching statue in Philadelphia. the gamut of greens struck by Dame If the slight hint here given of the Nature in any varied woodside, if only delights of this purely wild garden—for the scales have fallen from one's eyes. there have been mentioned but a chance With the very hint of warmth in the few of the twelve hundredodd species growMarch air, the willows show silvery green, ing at Dolobran—shall give an impetus to and for three months the color harmony some one who needs to see the beauty and is changing and forming, until mid-July glory of our home plants, I shall be happy. finds the established hues of maturity. The more friends one has in the appreci with less of delicacy than strength and ation of Nature, the greater the enjoyment. depth. If my reader has never seen the Dolobran is becoming an epitome of magic spring procession of greens, let him America's plant wealth ; but Dolobran make a sharp note of it for the early can have no monopoly of our native flower months of next year, and count lost jewels. A shady city back yard will give the opportunities he has missed! Here kindly place to ferns and trilliums from in this American garden I have intensely the woods, and a suburban place of limited enjoyed Nature's growth of the leaves extent may become a thing of unique which breathe for the tree fraternity, and beauty if we dress it in the inexpensive, seen the whole range from delicate pinks, easily procured plants of America. These greens, and brighter red-purples of earliest plants need not the coddling of the hotspring to the robust and solid hues of bed, nor do they require renewal (from August, giving place to the browns, yel gorgeous catalogues) every year; they lows, and reds of autumn. In the main lived here before you were born, and quarry a rare American poplar has some they are suited to the climate !

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Christian Liberty

Stand fast


By the Rev. J. Max Hark, D.D.

refore in the liberty wherewith Christ clared, I am the Way, the Truth, and hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.-Galatians v.. 1.

the Life”--the revelation of God in his NDIVIDUAL responsibility, directly true relation to man, and of man in his reto God, is an essential of Christianity. lation to God. And the truth shall make

It is one of the features that distin- you free”—free from the bondage of error guishes the latter from all other religions, as well as sin ; free from the tyranny of even as the condition on which it rests, priestcraft ; free from every man-imposed which alone makes it possible at the same authority ; dependent on no human meditime that it makes it necessary, is peculiar ator or master, for “One is your Master, to Christianity, viz., filial love as the bond even Christ; and all ye are brethren." And of relationship between man and God. they who received this truth, rejoicing in

Among primitive peoples God was the liberty of this gospel, no longer tremknown almost solely as a mysterious, ter bled as the craven subjects of a heartless rible Power. His voice was heard only despot, but rejoiced as the children of a in the thunder, and the roar of the storm, loving Father, his Spirit ever bearing witand the blasting lightning flashed from his ness with their spirits, and teaching them eye. Men feared him; and their worship to cry, Abba, Father; fear was turned into was to appease him by flattery, threats, love, and hardest duties became precious or bribery. Soon some shrewder ones privileges. among them professed special intimacy On this foundation rock-truth, then, did with and influence over this Being, and Christ found his Church-the recognition became the mediators between the gods of each man's personal relation to the and men, prophets and priests. Rapidly Father through Christ the Son of God religion and worship grew into a system and to his fellow-men through Christ the then, more and more elaborate-a slavish Son of man, and the consequent love to system of priestly tyranny over the minds God his Father and men his brethren. It and bodies of the masses. This promptly

was simply a loving family. There were and effectually choked off every increase no laws or rules enacted; for love regu. of knowledge, every approach to the lated the life of each and all. . It was a truth, and all spiritual life and develop- body with one Head and many members, ment. While knowledge and enlighten- and as many minds and opinions and ment grew in all other directions, the varieties of belief and custom and taste knowledge of God and his will and ways and disposition as there were members. toward men could not grow. The organ- yet none dreaming of interfering with the ized priesthood monopolized it, distorted other. Even in their love there were dif and misrepresented it, jealously guarded ferences of manifestation and diversities it, and surrounded it with a dense fog of of operation, but always one Spirit workmyth, legend, tradition, and laws, and hiding all, and in all. Read but carefully the it under a mass of ritual observances, history of the Apostolic Church in proof until there was scarce a grain of truth dis- of this. What glorious liberty there was cernible, and not an act or impulse of real among them! What radical differences religion possible.

of sentiment and opinion ! How they Now, with unimportant variations and withstood one another to the face! But some modifications, this has been the how through it all they remained brethren course of all religious history, in accord beloved, in closest and most sincere felance with what seems to be a universal lowship! And just as soon as this ceased, human tendency. Even Judaism vielded as one or the other usurped authority over to it, and was bound, body, soul, and the rest, as councils and majorities began spirit, with the shackles of formalism, rab. to infringe on individual liberty of belief, binical tradition, and a network of legal thought, and speech, so soon the family regulations, until Christ came and de- of Christ was perverted into a hierarchy.

Schisms appeared ; curses and hatred, No Church has the right to do this. persecution and foulest corruption, well For the Church is a divine institution in nigh destroyed the Church utterly. For the same sense in which the family is a revolting against this slavery, and de- divine institution. It is not a mere human nouncing the dominant despotism, Huss organization, like a political, mercantile, had to die, and the blood of thousands or beneficial association. If it were, it was shed in the wars that followed might make its own conditions for memthough not in vain, for Luther took up bership. It might say, You must think the work, declared the independence of and teach as the rest do, or you cannot believers, and restored at least some of associate with us. But it is not, any more the liberty of Christianity to Europe. than the family is. The sole condition

Yet ever and anon since then the tend- of my being a member of my family is ency has manifested itself, and does to the fact of my being the child of my father. this day, even in Protestantism, to deny No human power or authority can disthe right, the duty, of Christian liberty to annul this relationship. And so long as individuals, to substitute some other au through faith in Christ I am a child of thority than that of Christ alone, some my heavenly Father, neither can this resystem of theology, some theory, somelationship, and my consequent memberopinion of a man or a body of men, and ship in his family, the Church, be disto constrain or coerce all to bow before annulled. To be born again by faith and it. And where one or the other refuses, live in the fellowship of love are sole conlo! he is forced out of the ecclesiastical ditions, made by him who alone is the organization, and becomes too often the Head, who alone has the right. And to cause of a schism in what should be the add or to take from them so much as an undivided body of Christ, until we have iota is presumptuous folly and sin, a denial a bewilderingly motley multitude of sects and usurpation of his authority. and denominations, and a consequent de Nor is there any truth in the specious plorable waste of Christian energy and plea heard often of late from those who, strength.

too cowardly to expel a member, try thus It is one of the chief sources of the to throw the onus of blame on him, that if weakness of the Church of Christ to day a man, especially a minister, finds that he that, instead of sameness of spirit, love, cannot agree with the theories and opinbeing recognized as the one all-sufficient ions insisted on by his Church, i.e., by the bond of union betrveen believers, same- majority, it becomes his duty to withdraw ness of opinion on this, that, or the other from it, or at least not to preach and teach theological question is insisted on as nec

what it does not approve.

Did Christ essary. Believe wiat we believe,” cries withdraw from the Temple, or Paul, or any the majority, “think as we think, or leave of the early witnesses to the truth which the Church; you are none of us.” What was not approved of by Judaism ? John right has any majority to impose its spec- Huss neither withdrew from the ecclesiulations on me, or to make me accept its astical body whose errors and evils he interpretation of God's word and will ? denounced, nor did he keep silence. NeiNowhere yet in God's kingdom has any ther did Luther, nor Wesley, nor any of majority been given such authority, or the great reformers, until they were forced indeed been given any authority, any to do so. They knew that from the outright or recognition whatever, in spiritual side they could do little to improve the affairs. God has made me individually Church's condition ; they felt it their duty responsible to him, and to him alone. to remain and work in it to purify and Christ has made my spirit forever and reform it from the inside. The truth had absolutely free by making me a member made them free from the bondage in which of his family, where all who love him are the majority of their brethren still were brethren. And so long as I love him bound. And they not only had the right, truly, no majority on earth or in heaven, it was their solemn duty, not to hold their no synod or council, conference or House peace, but to labor for the emancipation of Bishops, nor any other creature, can and uplifting of the rest. They were not put me out of his family or deny me fel bound to stand by the majority against lowship with my brethren.

their own conviction. No one is.

No one, indeed, would deny the ma They are but broken lights of Thee, jority the right to decide on the form of

And Thou, O Lord, art more than they, organization of the Church, or any part of but also free to examine and criticise, and it. This is a merely human creation, by all means try to get fuller knowledge necessary, perhaps, for mutual assistance,

and ever clearer light? convenience, and greater efficiency in Christian work; but still only a means,

Let knowledge grow from more to more,

But more of reverence in us dwell, and never to be made an end in itself.

That mind and soul according well Those who accept this organization must May make one music as before, abide by the laws and ordinances agreed

But vaster. to by the majority in all matters pertain- Too long has it been the reproach of the ing to the government and outer regula: Church that all the progress it has made tion of the body; or, refusing, let them

towards larger, fuller truth and deeper withdraw from it, or let the body itself knowledge has been in spite of its coun. exclude them. But in all matters of the

cils, synods, and clergy. Improvement spirit, of belief, conviction, opinion, or

had to be sought for and found by those conscience, the organization has no au

outside the organization. Those within thority whatever, but every individual

were bound hand and foot by tradition member has a right to be absolutely free

and decrees and precedents ; they were and independent. The organization ex

denied the liberty that was theirs by divine ists for its members, not the members for right; or, if they insisted on it, they were it. And in no wise is it ever to be mis.

crowded out or excluded by force. Then, taken for the Church itself—any more

long afterwards, when all the world had than the scaffolding of a building is to be accepted the results of their thoughts and taken for the edifice itself.

labors, the Church "authorities." had to Nor is it a menace to the Church if its stultify themselves by reluctantly doing members hold different opinions. The

the same. Apostles themselves did this. Even on

And the multitude made virtue of the faith so vital a question as the resurrection of

they had denied. Christ they were not agreed at first. The two going to Emmaus, e. g., though they Has not this done the Church infinitely had been told that Christ was risen from more harm than the extremest liberty of the dead, doubted it, and ascribed the thought and criticism among its members, report to mere woman's credulity and talk. the widest differences of belief and opinThomas openly declared his unbelief on ion, could have done? the subject, and said: “Except I shall As a matter of fact, always in the past see in his hands the print of the nails, the life of the Church has been fullest, and put my finger into the print of the most earnest and active, during the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I periods when there was most liberty of will not believe." And yet no harm was thought and research among its members, done the Church—perhaps because he most criticism, most difference of opinion; was not expelled from among their num for then the Scriptures were most widely ber, nor abused by the rest, but was still and diligently studied, and there was the their brother in Christ and fellow-Apostle. most intense interest taken in their teachLet, then, the members differ as widely ings. And, contrariwise, where this liberty as need be, so long as one and the self was most restricted, where individual resame spirit worketh in all, it will not hurt search was most hampered by ecclesiastical the Church. On the contrary, it would authority, and differences of opinion were be death to it if there were no differences forbidden till a dull uniformity resulted, death from stagnation. Surely no one there we find that there was most spiritual would maintain that it already possesses indifference and deadness. And it is so all truth, and that there are no deeper, to-day. It must be so; for it is a virtual larger views ever to be obtained. There denial of Christ's sole headship, and a must be. But how is it to be done unless substitution of pope, council, synod, or we are not only free to confess that popular opinion in his place, if not absoOur little systems have their day,

lutely as head, yet as mediator between They have their day and cease to be: the soul and God. No Church can do

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