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The following outline will convey a hint of what the meetings will be. The first evening will be devoted to a reception, at which there will be speaking by the Governor of the Commonwealth, the Mayor of the City, and the address by the President of the Council, the Hon. James B. Angell.

Thursday - Morning : Fundamental Principles in Theology, Dr. George Harris. Message of the Old Testament for To-day, Professor F. C. Porter. Afternoon : The Historical Method in Theology, Dr. George P. Fisher. Theology the Order of Nature, the Rev. Professor Alexander Grosman. The Evangelical Principle of Authority, Dr. P. T. Forsyth. Evening : Sermon, Principal A. M. Fairbairn.

Friday, Morning : The Christian Idea of the State, Mr. J. Compton Rickett, M.P. · Municipal Government as a Sphera for the Christian Man, Messrs. W. Crosfield, J.P., and Samuel B. Capen. Evening : Distinctive Characteristics of Christianity, the Rev. Messrs. Charles R. Brown and John D. Jones. The Influence of the Study of Other Religions upon Christian Theology, Dr. Fairbairn.

THE REV. R. J. CAMPBELL Saturday-Morning: The Church in Social Reforms, Albert Spicer, Esq., M.P., and Professor Graham Taylor, D.D. Afternoon : An excursion to Salem.

Sunday-Morning: No session. Afternoon : The Lord's Supper at the Old South Church.

Monday-Morning : Tendencies of Modern Education, Professor John Massie, M.A., J.P., and the Rev. J. Hirst Hollowell. Afternoon : The Influence of Our Public Schools on the Caste Spirit, Drs. H. A. Noble and L. D. Bevan. The Religious Motive in Education as Illustrated in the History of American Colleges, President W. J. Tucker. Evening : Addresses by eminent educators-Presidents Eliot, Hyde, Slocum, and Henry Hopkins, D.D.

Tuesday, Morning : The Pastoral Function, Congregational and Civic, the Rev. W. B. Selbie, M.A., and Dr. Reuen Thomas. The Spiritual Life in Our Churches, the Rev. Joseph Robertson. Afternoon : Woman's Work, Mrs. E. Armitage and Miss Margaret J. Evans. Woman's Work in Foreign Missions, Dr. Grace Kimball. Evening: The Young People, Drs. C. H. Patton, C. E. Jefferson, and Rev. C. Sylvester Horne.

Wednesday- Morning: Obligations and Opportunities of Congregationalism: In Great Britain, Robert Bruce, D.D.; In America, Professor Williston Walker; In Canada, Dr. J. H. George; In Victoria, the Rev. John J. Halley ; in other countries, speakers to be named. Scottish Congregationalism, the Rev. James Stark, D.D. Afternoon : Independence and Fellowship, Drs. A. J. Lyman and John Brown. Duty of the Stronger to the Weaker Churches, Rev. H. Arnold Thomas. Evening : Reception by the Congregational Club. Greetings from Other Denominations : Bishop Lawrence, Drs. A. H. Strong, C. Cuthbert Hall, F. G. Peabody, and a Methodist representative.

ThursdayMorning: International Relations and Responsibilities, Dr. Lyman Abbott. The Christian Attitude Toward War in the Light of Recent Events, Dr. Alexander Mackennal. Afternoon : Adap





tation of Methods to New Conditions in For is near Manchester, in one of the most eign Missions, the Rev. R. Wardlaw Thomp- beautiful residential districts of England.

The Permanent Motive in Missionary Work, Dr. Charles M. Lamson, and a mis

A common saying runs something as folsionary to be named. Evening : The Living lows, · Not every man can be Vicar of Christ, Alfred Cave, D.D. The Holy Spirit Bowdon.” Few ministers in more conin the Churches, Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus.

spicuous centers wield so large an influFriday-An excursion to Plymouth.

ence as Dr. Mackennal from his suburban The American speakers are so well parish. He has represented the English known to the readers of The Outlook that churches at two of our National Councils, I will limit my introduction to the visitors namely, the one at Worcester and the one from abroad.

at Portland, Ore. He has been ChairA prevalent opinion among those who man of the Union of England and Wales, have mingled only

and was selected with members of

as the successor of the Anglican com

Dr. Hannay as Secmunion is that Non

retary of that body conformists in Eng

—an honor which land may be very

he declined. He is good people, but

now perhaps the that they are nar

chief statesman of row, commonplace,

English Congrega. .commercial, and be

tionalism. The seclong mainly to the

ond member of this lower orders of Eng

quartette is the lish society. The

most eminent theodelusion, which has

logian now living been carefully nour

among Englishished by the friends

speaking people, of the Establish

Dr. Fairbairn, of ment, will disap

Oxford. No other pear in the pres

theological teacher ence of the cultured

of our time has so and eloquent men

wide an influence who will represent

as this Oxford Prothe English Congre

fessor, whose voice gational churches

has been heard not at the approaching

only in England but Council. There are

also in this country, no choicer spirits

and who has just in any communion

returned from his than those who hold

duties as Haskell to the Pilgrim prin

lecturer in India. ciples in Old England. For convenience Dr. Fairbairn will be the preacher of the I will divide those who will attend the Council, and will also speak on Comparmeetings into four groups—the elder min- ative Religion, of which subject he is a isters, those of middle age, the younger,

master. and, lastly, the laymen.

The third member of the quartette is In the group of the elders I find the Dr. John Brown, of Bedford, the biognames of a great quartette of scholars and rapher of Bunyan and the historian of preachers. The first place belongs to the the Pilgrim Fathers. He is the pastor of man to whom more than to any other now the famous “ Bunyan Church.” In his living this Council owes its existence and fair city in the Midlands he has lived success, Alexander Mackennal, D.D., of until his name has become the pride of Bowdon, Cheshire. Dr. Mackennal was his fellow-citizens, while Dissenters and the Secretary at the first Council, and will Churchmen alike delight to do honor to be the English Vice-President of the the man and his ministry. In historical second. The church of which he is pastor scholarship, spiritual insight, and charm



to speak on the Tendencies of Modern Education, has made this subject a specialty, and is an earnest and able advocate of the best methods of popular education for all the English people. While in the pastorate he was a “citizenpastor.” He is now devoting his entire time to social and educational questions in their religious aspects.

The Rev. H. Arnold Thomas, of Bristol, is the Chairman of the Congregational Union of England and Wales for the current year. His lofty character and singularly accomplished and genial manners, combined with eminent spirituality and large ability, have made him one of the most popular men in the English churches. For more than thirty years he has ministered to the same people in Bristol, and his beautiful personality is the pride of the city in which he lives.

The last name in this group of men

in middle life is the Rev. P. T. Forsyth, THE REV. ALEXANDER MACKENNAL, D.D.

D.D., pastor of Emmanuel Church, in of style few writers or preachers of our the University City of Cambridge. In times surpass Dr. Brown.

intellectual clearness and strength Dr. The fourth member of this group is Dr. Forsyth ranks next to Dr. Fairbairn Cave, Principal of Hackney College in Lon- among English Congregationalists. I have don, and a theological writer whose works often thought that his true place is in a are well known both in his land and ours. professor's chair. Dr. Dale regarded him

In the list of ministers of middle age I mention first Professor Massie, of Mansfield College, who has an international reputation among Biblical scholars. His special department is New Testament Exegesis. Next comes the Rev. W. J. Woods, the successor of the late Dr. Alexander Hannay in the Secretariat of the Congregational Union of England and Wales. It is enough to say of him that his service as Secretary has justified his election to the distinguished position which he holds.

Following him is Dr. Wardlaw Thompson, whom I think I may call the great Secretary of the London Missionary Society; an unsurpassed administrator, and a man whose wisdom and sympathy are recognized wherever the work of the London Missionary Society has penetrated. Dr. Thompson more nearly resembles the late Dr. N. G. Clark, of the American Board of Foreign Missions, than any other missionary secretary whom I have known. The Rev. J. Hirst Hollowell, who is



as the ablest of the younger ministers of as one of the most remarkable preachers the Kingdom. He has long been in poor of the present day. He is, I believe, a health, and works under great difficulty, graduate of Christ Church College, Oxbut with surpassing intensity and power. ford, and was trained a Churchman, but His sermon at a recent meeting of the has since become a Congregationalist Congregational Union in Birmingham on from conviction. It is said that not since " The Holy Father” was one of the most Frederick Robertson preached in Brighton memorable discourses ever given before has that city been so moved by the minthat body. A quiet, retiring man of sin- istry of any other preacher. Still another gular genius, he is a preacher for teachers name was originally upon our programme, and scholars, who has found a congenial and its removal was a serious disappointfield in a pulpit under the shadow of a ment. The presence of the Rev. Robert venerable university.

F. Horton, D.D., would have been a rare Passing now to the younger ministers, addition to the meeting. Considerably we find on the pro

under forty-five, he gramme but one.

has made for himKensington Con

self a large and gregational Church,

growing place in in the Court Suburb

the English-speakof London, whose

ing world. I do pulpit has been a

not know whether throne of power for

the Rev. Alexander many distinguished

Mearns will be English preachers,

present, but, if he among whom have

is, he will receive been Drs. Raleigh

the heartiest kind and Stoughton, now

of a welcome from enjoys the services

those who know of C. C. Sylvester

something of his Horne, M.A. This

wonderful work is the most intel

among the poor of lectual and aristo

London, and who cratic church of the

remember him as denomination in

the author of “ The London. It called

Bitter Cry of OutMr. Horne when

cast London,” the he was a student at

most remarkable Mansfield College,

work of a decade and waited nearly

in its influence on two years for him

the social life of the THE REV. A. M. FAIRBAIRN, D.D. to complete his

world's metropolis. studies. It made no mistake. For ten years Of these men it may not be invidious he has maintained the best traditions of that to say that Fairbairn is the pre-eminent historic church, and is still hardly more theologian, that the good work of Wardthan thirty-five years of age. Two other law Thompson is known in all lands, and young men, whose names were at first on the that the splendid promise of Horne and programme, but who have been prevented Jowett and Campbell gives hope for the from attending, are the Revs. J. H. Jowett future of a race of preachers among the and R. J. Campbell. The former suc English churches as great as any in the ceeded Dr. Dale as pastor of Carr's Lane past. Church, in Birmingham. For three years Of the laymen who will attend, Mr. he has been in that pulpit, and the church Albert Spicer is a member of Parliais as full, the people as interested, and ment, and perhaps the most prominent the work in all departments as successful layman in English Congregationalism. He as in the days of Dr. Dale and John An- lives in a palatial home at Lancaster gell James. The Rev. R. J. Campbell, of Gate, near the Marble Arch, in London. Brighton, has suddenly come to the front He is a leader among the churches, has



been well nigh around the world in their service, and is as consecrated in his religious service as he is uncompromising in his political duties.

It was once said that with the Pilgrim Fathers “the finest of the wheat” of Puritanism came to this country. The mention of these men, of the positions which they occupy, and of the work which they have achieved, show's that much fine wheat was left on the other side, and that Binney and Raffles, Baldwin Brown, James Parsons, Rowan Hamilton, John Angell James, and Robert W. Dale have able and worthy successors. The true Apostolic Succession in England rests upon a firmer foundation than the hands of the Anglican bishops.

Australia will be represented on the programme by the Rev. L. L. D. Bevan, D.D., formerly of New York and now of Melbourne, and by its bestknown theological teacher, Professor A. Grosman ; and Scotland will have for its speaker the Rev. James Stark, D.D. Woman's Work is to be presented by women. Mrs. Armitage is well Patton, of St. Louis, Jefferson, of New known in England, and the name of Dr. York, and Brown, of Oakland. Grace Kimball has become a synonym English Congregationalists in politics for all that is sublime and unconquerable are nearly all Liberals. The strength of in heroism. She enjoys, perhaps, the the Liberal party is among Nonconformunique honor of being the most hated ists. The distinction between Liberalwoman in the world—by the Sultan of Unionists and Gladstonians has nearly Turkey.

disappeared. It is therefore enough now I have space for only a word concern to say that they are chiefly Liberals. All ing American members of the Council. Nonconformists in England are of necessity The name of the Rev. Dr. Richard S. politicians, since they are made Dissenters Storrs does not appear on the programme. by the existence of a State Church. If Dr. Storrs was the first choice for Presi- the question of disestablishment could dent, and accepted the office. Later, how- be eliminated, lines would no doubt be ever, in obedience to the positive orders differently drawn, but for the present they of his physician, he withdrew his accept- cannot be. Disestablishment must always ance. Among the Americans who will read be a part of the programme of the party papers are: the Rev. F. A. Noble, D.D., which expects the votes of the Nonconof Chicago, Moderator of the National formist Churches of all denominations. Council of Congregational Churches; Leaving politics and coming to theolthat splendid trinity of College Presidents, ogy, a few general facts may be stated. Tucker, Hyde, and George Harris; Pro- Few English Congregationalists are Calfessor George P. Fisher, who divides with vinists, but all are strongly Trinitarian ; Dr. Storrs the honor of being known as the few are willing to dogmatize concerning Nestor of American Congregationalism; eschatology, but all are loyal to the perthe Rev. Harry Hopkins, D.D., of Kan- son of Christ and proclaim his deity sas City, and son of the great President of enthusiastically and constantly. Most Williams College; the Rev. Alvah J. Christian thinkers in England of all deLyman, D.D., of Brooklyn. Among the nominations incline either to the doctrine younger ministers it is enough to mention of conditional immortality or of ultimate

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