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want of fidelity, or in endeavours incessant agitation and anxiety, UNITE tirely miss his object. A well- nifest want of suitable instruc- then by

sons in sickness; and it is to be penitent and believing sinners. We feared, that a part of the prejudice have known a clergyman-who hear defo against ministerial visits to the sought to allay anxiety and fear, weil der chambers of the sick, may have by reminding the sick of a good arisen from some instances of in- moral life, and a regular attenddiscretion, or want of fitness, in on the ordinances of the those who have been called to the church-told that no repetition of performance of this duty. This is his visits was desired. A man of 2 not the place to enter into any another spirit was sent for, and lengthened or particular statement, heard with the greatest interest. of what is believed to be the best 3. We confidently assert, that if trati manner of dealing with those who ministerial visits to the sick are are suffering from disease-It is a managed with discretion and tensubject on which a small volume derness, as well as fidelity, there is might profitably be written. We seldom, if ever, any reason to be ap- of shall, however, not forbear to re- prehended that they will interfere mark, that the duty we contemplate with the recovery of the patient, oppe the requires, and may be considered as and that in many cases they will esconsisting in, tenderness and fidelity. sentially promote it. This position is made Great tenderness should undoubt- abundantly supported by the numeedly be used, in all the cases con rous facts which are stated in the pretemplated. The spiritual physi- ceding essay, as well as by the opi-, bony a cian should manifest deep sympa- nions there adduced, of some of the thy; and that he may manifest it, most distinguished physicians of the bus he must feel it. He should endea our own and other countries. We as arti vour to put his own soul in the will add two or three striking in an der soul's place of the suffering patient, stances, witnessed by ourselves. and carefully consider, also, the bo- The first was of a lady' in a declindily weakness of the party to be ing state, from pulmonary affection. And addressed. This will give a cha. She had requested spiritual instrucracter to all that he says and does tion and aid, but had been refused -to all his words and actions, and it, under the notion that she was to the very tones of his voice- only low spirited, and what is called which will be likely to have the nervous. But although asafetida find in most happy effect. But no part of and opium were fully tried, neither this tenderness is to consist in the could quiet sleep be obtained, normal to comfort the afflicted on other when awake, be prevented. At the than gospel grounds. Not only length, to gratify her, and as a mat- lace does the minister of religion incur ter of experiment, a clergyman was an awful responsibility for himself, sent for to visit her. Her case was if he endeavours to sooth the sick found to be one of a very rational preprehe by unwarranted considerations, but, concern, in regard to the state of the by so doing, he will sometimes en her soul-accompanied by a mainstructed individual, or one whose tion, direction, and encouragement and i eyes have been opened on his lost These were afforded; and from the and miserable state as a sinner, will very first visit, through the whole see that his spiritual guide is “a of her protracted illness, no more physician of no value," if he directs anodynes or antispasmodicks were to other ground of hope and com- needed, either to procure sleep, or fort than the riches of divine grace to prevent agitation. She was calm,

- the full redemption of Christ, and patient, quiet, and resigned—not the way that is opened by him for the only more comfortable in her own ng lor de extension of mercy to the chief of feelings, but unspeakably less trou

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blesome to her attendants than she demonstrate that it may be affordhad been before; and thus she re- ed, not merely without injury, but mained till her death. The second often with evident advantage to the instance mentioned (for we could aim of the physician? and when, if mention mapy) shall be of acute some bodily suffering were the condisease. An athletick man, in a sequence, it is infinitely outweighdangerous fever tending to pu. ed by the hopes of benefiting a tridity, was found in a state of soul, destined to happiness or great anxiety about his immortal misery inconceivable and intermipart. He was neither ignorant of nable! religious truth in general, nor of the exigency of his own case in particular; but the distress of his

STRICTURES ON MODERN GEOLOGY. mind absorbed all regard to the sufferings of the body. Counsel In our last November number we was given him; and in the midst of intimated our intention to transfer

that followed, light, and to our pages, as soon as we should peace, and even joy, broke in, as find a good opportunity, some rehe affirmed, on his mind. There marks from the Christian Observer was manifestly an entire change in on the subject of Modern Geology his aspect, as well as in his conver -We propose now to fulfil the in. sation; and a speedy recovery suc- tention then announced. But we ceeded. A third case has been wish, previously, to make a few obwitaessed by us, since we began to servations of our own on the general write this article--the case of a fe- subject. male in dangerous illness, whose i. We are of the opinion that the mind was so affected as to prevent cause of true religion will never be bodily rest, till after spiritual as- promoted, but greatly injured, by sistance and prayer; since which refusing to listen to the statement she has slept comfortably, and of any facts in natural history or hopes are entertained of her reco- science, under an apprehension that very. But instances of a similar they militate with divine revelation. kind, as already hinted, might be if the things recorded in the Bible multiplied indefinitely. The wri- have been revealed by the God of ter can affirm with truth, that in truth-the Creator of the world and the pastoral charge of one of the all things therein---they never can largest congregations in the United be inconsistent with well ascertainStates, for more than the fourth ed facts in his works, as they are part of a century, he never knew now exposed to our observation and an instance in which his ministe- scrutiny. We all see and admit rial visitations of the sick were the folly of Pope Urban VII., in even apprehended, so far as he has endeavouring to oppose the Coper. known, to have been injurious. In nican theory of the planetary revoa few instances he has known them lutions, by his edicts and denunciaforbidden by friends and physi- tions. It is such an immediate diccians, and the sick kept in igno- tate of common sense, that one rance of their situation, till they truth can never contradict another; were surprised into eternity. The that he who refuses to admit a plain responsibility of such friends and matter of fact, because he apprephysicians, the writer would not hends it will contradict something incur for the universe-He hopes in the Bible, will always give the

every reader of this article enemies of the Bible the opportuwill avoid it. What excuse can be pity of claiming a triumph, which given for depriving the sick of re- they will not fail to improve. Facts, ligious aid, when facts innumerable when ascertained to be such, must Vol. VII.- Ch. dv.



be admitted, let the consequences taken from certain signs of the Zofollow as they may; and the friends diack, figured on the ceiling of an of the sacred Scriptures ought to inner apartment of a dilapidated admit them with as much freedom edifice at Dendera, near the banks as the most avowed infidels; nor of the Nile-Egypt being the fahave they the smallest reason to vourite field of infidel enterprise

. fear to do so.

Volney, in a note appended to his 2. It is however perfectly fair “Ruins,” considers this as settling and highly important, to examine the point that the world is more carefully, whether what are than sixteen thousand years old. serted to be facts are such in rea- But alas! it has since been shown, lity. Many things which infidel that these signs were not intended writers have affirmed, and have to form a zodiack at all, but were blazoned abroad as falsifying some probably the Horoscopes of indiviwhat contained in the sacred Scrip: duals, at a time when astrology was tures, have eventually been found in repute; and that the very edifice either to have no foundation in in which they are found, cannot be truth, or no hostile bearing on di- of more ancient date than the time vine revelation. Thus the infidel of the Ptolemies. Two or three Brydone, in publishing his travels, other infidel objections, founded on endeavoured to invalidate the au- alleged facts of somewhat a similar thority of Moses, by endeavouring character, have been completely to show from the time required to falsified, or shown to have no hosconvert lava into vegetable mould, tile bearing on the Mosaick records, that the earth is at least fourteen as may be seen in our pumber for thousand years old, instead of less November last. For ourselves, we than six thousand. The calcula have ceased to credit the allega. tion on which he reasoned was, that tions of infidel writers relative to it required two thousand years at subjects of antiquity and natural least, to convert a stratum of lava science, till we find them confirminto vegetable mould, and that as ed, or admitted, by other writers. seven distinct lavas had been dis- They have been so often detected covered, one under the other, and in making rash assertions and hasty each covered with a bed of rich conclusions, that we consider it earth, the conclusion was irresisti. more than an equal chanee, that ble, that the earth must have been any new statement that impugns, formed more than fourteen thou

or seems to impugn, divine revelasand years ago. This led to in

tion, is at least materially incorquiry and investigation: when, be rect. But what we urge is, that a hold, it was proved beyond contro careful inquiry and examination versy, that seven different lavas, should always be made, in order to with interjacent strata of vegetable ascertain whether alleged facts are mould, had been actually formed in really such-When clearly ascersomewhat less than fourteen hun. tained, let them, we repeat, be addred years; demonstrating that lava mitted freely. may be covered with a productive 3. When indisputable facts seem soil in about two hundred and fifty to militate with the truth of sacred years, instead of requiring two Scripture, they ought to give no thousand for the purpose. See the alarm to the believer in divine reclose of Watson's Apology for velation. The evidence of the Christianity, addressed to Gibbon. truth of the Bible, which is the eviAnother supposed demonstration dence of testimony, is as strong and that the earth is many thousand as satisfactory as any testimony, we years older than we believe it to be can receive in regard to the existfrom the account of Moses, was ence of facts which have recently

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taken place--perhaps it is even ation, the presumption is of the stronger. The truth of Holy strongest kind, that any thing in Scripture, therefore, stands on its natural science, or in historical reown impregnable foundation. What cords, that seems to contradict the then, although unquestionable facts Scriptures, will eventually be shown seem to oppose some biblical truth? to have 10 bearing whatsoever of We ought to believe that they only that character. Hence we must, seem to do so. The apparently mi- for ourselves, entirely disapprove of litating truths are unquestionably such an attempt as that of the justly consistent with each other, although, celebrated Mr. Faber, who endeafor the present, we cannot tell how vours to interpret the Mosaick acto reconcile them. Let it be re count of creation, in such manner as membered, that it is not merely in to extend the six days, mentioned in regard to this subject, that what we the sacred record, to we know not here demand is required. It not how many ages, in order to gain time unfrequently happens, in natural enough for the fossil formations of science itself, that phenomena ap- geologists. parently inconsistent and contra 4. It should be remembered that dictory appear. And what do the the science of geology is yet in its teachers of that science say in such infancy. There has not yet been cases? They say that there is either time sufficient to examine the aca mistake, 'in taking both these tual bearing of facts discovered. things for facts, or else that the man- The depth to which the earth has Ber of reconciling them is not yet dis- been, or probably ever will be excovered. Accordingly they re-ex- plored, is less in proportion to its amine the phenomena. Soinetimes whole diameter, than the thickness they discover that one thing which of an egg shell to the diameter of they took for a fact, was not so in the egg. Nor are there yet any reality; and here the embarrass- sufficient and well ascertained data, ment ends. In other instances, on which to form rational analogies, they are obliged to admit, and do from what is known to what is unadmit

, that facts really exist, which, known. In our first volume, we although there can be no question gave a general view of Penn's rethat they are reconcileable, yet for marks on the subject of formations, the present it is not known how it which geologists in general suppose is to be done. Now, all we ask is must, in all.cases, have taken place exactly this. If some facts in na- gradually. We believe with Mr. tore seem to contravene those of Penn, that there is no just foundarevelation, admit the facts on both tion for this supposition at all. Besides. Say you know they are re cause we observe that certain kinds concileable

, but for the present you of stone and rock may be formed cannot tell how. This is strictly gradually, and in fact are constantly philosophical. And in the case we forming in this manner, is that a consider there is the more reason proof that all those kinds of stone to take this course, because in nu- and rock were formed in this manmerous instances facts which ap- ner? We think not-We think it peared to militate with Bible truths, far more rational to believe, that have actually been discovered not the Almighty Creator formed some to contravene those truths, but to rocks when he created the world ; confirm them. A remarkable in- and that then he also formed those stance of this is given in our No- several substances which, by union vember number, to which we have and induration, will still produce already referred. From what has rocks. As Mr. Penn remarks, we actually taken place, therefore, in- might as well say that no animals dependently of any other consider- were ereated originally in a perfect

state, because they now always ar- selves fully satisfied that Mr. Bugg rive at perfection in a very gradual has the best of the argument. We manner, as that no rocks were cre- did intend to give extracts from seated perfect, because they are now veral of his papers; but on looking gradually formed. These fancies them over with this view, we found of geologists make us think of the that we must either mutilate and do old puzzle, whether the egg was be- injustice to his arguments by our fore the bird, or the bird before the abridgment, or occupy more of our egg; since there can be no egg scanty pages with this subject, than without a bird, and no bird without we think would be agreeable or proan egg. Moses assures us, that as fitable to our readers. We have to animals and vegetables, they therefore determined to give no were created in perfection at first, more than his concluding summary: and with the intention that each Those who wish to see the detail of should afterwards propagate its his statements and reasoning, must kind: and to us it seems most ra- have recourse to the Christian Obtional to believe, that alınost every server, or to his volume on the same kind of rocks were created at first, subject-the latter of which we have as being necessary to the existence not seen. Mr. Bugg's last essay conof the globe in its succeeding state; cludes in the following manner: and that the after formations afford “Without anticipating further obno evidence whatever that such was jections, I will recapitulate a few not the fact.

matters respecting modern geology, 5. We now come to the work of and “scriptural geology." The Mr. George Bugg. He, it appears, reader may then be fairly left to published a book, entitled “Scrip his own reflections respecting this tural Geology,” in reply to the Geo. discussion. . logy of Professor Buckland, Mr. I. Modern Geology. Bird Sumner, Mr. Faber, and others In all fairness, I trust, it cannot whom he names. On this work of be denied that I have proved the utMr. Bugg, two writers in the Chris- ter incompetency of the modern tian Observer, the one taking for his geological theory signature Cantabrigiensis, and the 1. As to its evidence: That it is other Oxoniensis Alter, offered a wholly assumed; that even the evinumber of remarks, not favourable dence alleged is derived very freto Mr. B.'s theory. T'o these he re- quently from imagination, and not plied in the same periodical, in se- from knowledge or information; that veral papers of considerable length. the testimony of facts, adduced The scope of his essays is to show, by themselves, is positively against that the modern Geology, as taught them.* and defended by the gentlemen named above, and others who adopt • In addition to the evidence which is their theory, is both unscriptural adduced in my “Scriptural Geology" and unphilosophical not only ina- upon this point, I may be allowed to re

fer to the testimony of more recent disdequate to account for the pheno- coveries. In the Christian Observer for mena, but in some respects self- March last (p. 201), is the following his contradictory. At the same time, torical anecdote :- "Some impressions he insists that the general deluge, have been discovered in a red sand stone of which we have an account in the land thinks are the footsteps of antedi book of Genesis, will far better ac- luvian quadrupeds, which had traversed count for the fossil strata, and other the rock while in a soft state." May! appearances, of which modern geo- express a wish that Dr. Buckland would logy says so much, than ang theory could have occurred, and especially Hope which its favourers have been able such a fact can consist with the

modern to set forth. We acknowledge our geological theory? When does Professor

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