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to the earth's surface being "broken
2. It is obvious that such an erup-
might produce all sorts of mixtures, bice
such as we find in the strata, both of
3. That such debris and such
the variety of formations which we volves the most usanncol TuUvU00 now contemplate. tencies, absurdities, and repeated 4. That the operations of the de. miracles, as well as numerous new luge had a natural tendency to procreations.
duce the effects in question, and 4. That there is nothing in na that they were sufficient for all the tare, known or recorded, which effects which geology has developed. bears the least available analogy 5. That it is the province of Reto the operations and revolutions velation to inform us of the "be. comprised in the theory of modern ginning” of nature; and of the geology
ground, the reason, and the mode of 5. That Dr. Buckland's theory of such changes therein as are superthe caves, and of the denudations, natural. . is built upon the same foundation as 6. That the scriptural history of the general theory of Baron Cuvier, the deluge affords a moral and raand is as demonstrably erroneous. tional cause for that catastrophe, II. Scriptural Geology.
while all the revelations of modern 1. The Scriptures are positive as geology find NO CAUSE, either moral
or physical, for their production. Buckland imagine that the “red sand 2. That the deluge of Noah is stone" was found in "a soft state ?" therefore rationally conceived to be Immediately upon its original formation; the only true, sufficient, and sole or that it became so at some subsequent period? If at a subsequent period, why
cause of all the “ fossil strata," might it not occur afier, as well as bé. which so much puzzle and confound fore the deluge? Are there any forma
Jonn monterists. tions lying above this sand stone in the quarry, which forbid the supposition? Then how will such fact consist with the modern theory? What (in geological language), what red sand stone is this? The "old red sand stone?” Then, according to Baron Cuvier's scale, it is twelve formnations, (and, if it be the “new red sand stone," it is, according to the same authority, six formations,) beneath the "Paris : formation," in which the “earliest” de. posits of " quadrupeds,” agreeably to the modern theory, are ever found! But if the "footsteps" be found there, why might not the foot which made those steps have been there! With such facts this geological theory cannot stand. The "human skeleton" of Guadaloupe, imbedded in hard, compact, limestone rock, is a demonstration which never has been, and is never likely to be, got over by mo. dem geologists.
at the root” of their whole system Let them pursue the same equitabl and necessary mode, if they choos to answer “Scriptural Geology, and the result will show who i right. Every writer on such a sub ject, ought to be able to say, in th words of a great man, “ I have a instinctive abhorrence to spen time and argument upon non-essen tial and trivial points; I love t grapple with the nucleus” of subject. It is certainly unworth the conduct of philosophers and di vines to do otherwise.
GEORGE BUGG. From Littell's “ Remember Me." P. S. Should any persons choose
IDLE WORDS. to write any thing in answer to the
I have a high sense of the virtue and above remarks, I trust they will not dignity of the female character; and would be weak enough to say, as a writer not, by any means, be thought to attribute in the Oxford Herald has said, and
to the ladies emphatically, the fault here as I have heard it this day (and fre spoken of. But I have remarked it in
some of my friends, who, in all but this, quently repeated)—namely, that I were among the loveliest of their sex. In have
mistaken the entire subject, such the blemish is more distinct and strikfor that Dr. Buckland no more in- ing, because so strongly contrasted with
the superior delicacy and loveliness of their tends to injure the Divine Record than I do." I must request such persons to recollect that I have not
“ My God!" the beauty oft exclaim'd, so mistaken the subject; nor is With deep impassioned tonethere a single argument urged But not in humble prayer she named throughout my book, that supposes
The High and Holy One! any such design in Dr. Buckland, or 'Twas not upon the bended knee, in any other English geologist.
With soul uprais'd to Heaven,
That she might be forgiven.
To the great Source of good,
Her song of gratitude.
And in the festive hall,
She named the Lord of all!
When laughter loudest rang-
A DISCUSSION ON CHRISTIAN BAP- the events which occurred previ
TISM, as to its subject, its mode, ously to the time agreed upon for its history, and its effects, upon the dispute, were published by Mr. civil and religious society. In M.Calla, in a pamphlet, some time opposition to the views of Mr. since. Mr. Campbell has also given Alexander Campbell, as expressed to the publick à narrative of the in a seven days' debate with the controversy, with a view of the arauthor, at Washington, Ken- guments on both sides. His book tucky, October, 1823, and in his we have not seen; but Mr. M.Calla spurious publication of that de- has made us, in some measure, acbate, and of a previous one, of quainted with its spirit and contwo days, with the Rev. John tents, by his citations from it, and Walker, of Ohio. And in oppo. by his animadversions on the parsition to the views of the cele- tiality of the author, in representbrated Mr. Robinson, and other ing the arguments of his opponent. Baptist authors. In two volumes. Before we proceed to make any By W. L. M.CALLA, Pastor of remarks on the work before us, it the Eighth Presbyterian Church, may not be amiss to inquire, whePhiladelphia, and author of " A ther this mode of controversy is Discussion of Universalism.” useful and expedient? And the Vol. I. Philadelphia. Published answer to this question must be by George MLaughlin. 1828. made out, by a comparison of the
good and evil, which commonly is
the consequence of such disputes in This work is understood to con
the presence of the multitude. For, tain the substance of the arguments to the most superficial observation, used by the Rev. Mr. M'Calla, in a it is evident, that the effects are seven days' dispute with one Alex- neither unmixed good or evil. Some ander Campbell, in Washington, of the benefits are, that the attenKentucky. "It appears that, after tion of the publick is strongly settling preliminaries, the parties drawn to the consideration of the met; and, in the presence of a vast points in dispute; and, if the dismultitude of people, discussed the cussion is conducted with any desubject of infant baptism, during gree of ability, there must be a the space of seven days, in alternate large increase of knowledge to speeches, of a limited length. many among the auditors. The
From the work now under re- great bulk of the people are in such view, and from other sources, we a state of apathy, in regard to the learn that Mr. Campbell had been doctrines and institutions of the before engaged in a controversy, on
Bible, that unless their attention is the same subject, and conducted aroused by something of an exciting
a similar manner, with a Mr. nature, in the midst of the means of Walker, of the state of Ohio: and instruction they will remain nearly that, at the close of the dispute, he as ignorant as the heathen. Be. had openly challenged any Pædo- side, it affords to those who have baptist to meet him, and publickly been misled by viewing only one discuss the subject. This challenge, side of a subject, an opportunity of it seems, was the occasion of bring knowing what can be said on the ing about the meeting between other side: And, although prejuM'Calla and Campbell. The cor- dice and sectarian feelings are, respondence which took place, and with the most, sufficiently strong
to shield them against conviction; to all, that their good nature is the yet there will always be found some effect of consummate, over-weening candid, impartial persons, who are vanity. sincerely seeking for truth; and But the evils which attend this these, osten, have had no favourable species of controversy, are also nu. opportunity of weighing the evi- merous. Among the chief, we may dence, for and against the point in reckon the angry and malevolent dispute. Moreover, as evidence is feelings which it is apt to generate, always on the side of truth, it is for in the minds of the partisans of the its advantage that every subject respective disputants, if not in should be thoroughly discussed; themselves. These feelings are for the probability is, that in such commonly so strong, that no argua conflict, truth will prevail. Be- ments employed in the refutation sides, many persons who hold of error, have the least effect in opinions which are disputed, main producing conviction. How sel. tain them hesitatingly; because they dom has it been known, that the are afraid that possibly those who opinions of any one were changed oppose them, may have arguments by hearing a publick controversy suficient to overthrow their opi- The victory is commonly claimed nions: but when they are permitted by both parties, if the abilities of to hear a publick discussion, in the combatants are any how equally which all the ingenuity and learn balanced. Moreover, it is certain
, ing of an able opponent are ex- that the majority of a large promishausted in assailing them, without cuous assembly, in no country, are effect, their faith becomes firm, capable of understanding and ap; when before it was wavering. This preciating the force and bearing of scene, also, furnishes a severe test arguments brought forward in conof the moral temperament of the troversy. A satirical stroke, or a disputants. We can scarcely con- lively sally of wit, or happy reparceive of any situation, in which a tee, produces on the multitude
, greater combination of qualities are much greater effect than the strong requisite to enable a man to act as est reasonings. Much depends also becomes the Christian character. on the acuteness, promptness, and Some of these, indeed, belong to the self-possession of the disputants
. natural constitution; but the most Often, a man by a happy constituimportant qualifications for a Chris- tional temperament, united with tian polemick, are of the moral or quickness of conception, and readireligious kind. "Meekly to in- ness of utterance, and an imposing struct those who oppose them- air of confidence, will, in the judg. selves," is no easy task. To "con- ment of a promiscuous assembly, tend earnestly for the faith," and gain the advantage over an antagoyet employ no "carnal weapons," nist greatly his superior in abilities
, requires a heart disciplined in the and who has truth on his side. school of grace. To feel that an Another evil of controversy 80 advantage is gained over an adver- conducted, is, that it generates and sary, and yet experience no vain exasperates the spirit of disputation self-exultation, is not the attain- among the people; so that not only ment of even every good man. is Christian affection obstructed in Some disputants seem to think they its exercise, but social harmony, have attained the point of excel- among neighbours, is interrupted. lence in publick controversy, when And whatever may be said of the they keep clear of anger, and the benefits of well-conducted controperturbation of mortified pride; versy, to the intelligent and thinkbut, while they shun one evil, they ing part of the community, it is obfall into another. They manifest vious, that a spirit of controversy
21-6: among the people commonly, is a to gratify the fastidious taste of
į great evil; which is not compen- others, to shrink from the contest, letené - sated by any increase of knowledge in which the cause of God and which some of them may, by this truth is involved.
The author of the book, now unmalere
Our answer to the question pro- der review, has already published geen posed then, is, that, in general,
the the argument of a controversy, held evils of such controversies, before in Philadelphia, with a bold adversaif the multitude, overbalance the ad- ry of the truth; and however the prulike" vantages : but there are doubtless dent might have disapproved of the
occasions and exigencies, when they undertaking; yet, it must be now refter become not only expedient, but ne- apparent to all the friends of truth, efek cessary, for the vindication of truth. that in this instance, the result of
There are in the world, vain, arro. publick controversy, was very fate gant, dogmatical polemicks, who, vourable; for it had the effect of
unless their mouths are stopped, checking the progress of a pestiwill do much to subvert the truth, ferous error, and of silencing the and to unsettle the minds of the arrogant boasting of a man who people ; " for their word will eat as had, for a long time, defied the ardoth a canker," "and overthrow
mies of the living God. Let those the faith of some.” Such men be- who, in all cases, disapprove such a came very troublesome and pesti- mode of discussing theological subferous in the primitive churches, jects, inform us how the same efbefore the death of the apostles, as fect could have been produced by we learn from the latest writings other means; or let them acknowof Paul and Peter, and from the
ledge that there are occasions when epistle of Jude.
such controversy is lawful. Now, when such disseminators
Publick controversy, viva voce, of error, and disturbers of the
was so much in vogue, in every peace of the church, appear, it is expedient for those whom God has part of Europe, in the period preendowed with the talents requisite ceding the Reformation, that it is for the publick defence of the truth, not surprising that all the reformers
were frequently engaged in disto stand forth, and resist the torrent of heresy and disorder, which putes of this kind, with their adthreatens destruction to the heri- versaries of the Romish church. tage of the Lord. When the exi- And, indeed, when the art of printgency exists, which calls for this ing was in its infancy, there was a
much stronger reason for resorting species of warfare, must be deter
to this method of vindicating the mined by the circumstances of the truth and refuting error, than exists case; and every man, with the ad
at present, when books and tracts vice of pious and judicious friends, must determine for himself, whe- tion. As it may serve to give the
can be so easily put into circulather he is qualified to support the reader some idea of the state of rehonour of divine truth, in such a
ligious controversy at that period publick contest. And, although and afterwards, we shall briefly the servant of the Lord must not mention some of the principal postrive," without just cause, or about lemical discussions, which have things of small consequence; yet, been held by eminent men, in difhe "must contend earnestly for the
ferent places. faith;” and is not at liberty, in the indulgence of his own feelings, or
(To be continued.) VOL VII. Ch. Adv.