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viduo, āvī, ātus, I, a. (viduus), to chain, 6, 395; fetter, bond, 1, 54;

bereave, with acc. and abl., 8, a rope, cable, 1, 168; 2, 236; cord, 571.

5, 510; a halter, 11, 492; morally, a vigeõ, 2, n., to be active, lively, vigor- bond, tie, 4, 16; pl., vincula or vin

ous; to flourish, be strong, 2, 88; cla, õrum, 1., gauntlets, 5, 408; a excel, 4, 175.

sandal, 4, 518; fig., constraint, comvigil, ilis, adj. (vigeo), awake, on the pulsion, 7, 203.

watch; sleepless, 4, 182; perpetual, 4, vindico, āvī, ātus, 1, a. (vindex, de200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watch- fender), to claim or get by legal proman, guard, sentinel, 2, 266, et cess; claim; rescue, save, 4, 228. al.

vīnum, i, n., wine, 1, 195, et al. vigilāns, see vigilo.

viola, ae, f., a violet, 11, 69. vigilo, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a. (vigil); violābilis, e, adj. (violo), that may be

n., to be awake, watch, 10, 228; violated; violable; non violābile, wake up, awake, 4, 573; a., to inviolable, 2, 154. watch against, look out for, guard violentia, ae, f. (violentus), violence, against; p., vigilāns, antis, watch- 11, 354; fierceness, impetuosity, fire, ful, 5, 438.

passion, fury, rage, 12, 9. vigintī, num. adj. indecl., twenty, 1, violentus, a, um, adj. (vīs), having 634.

much or excessive force; violent, imvigor, oris, m. (vigeo), activity, force, petuous, 6, 356. vigor, energy, 6, 730.

violõ, āvī, ātus, 1, a. (vis), to exercise vīlis, e, adj., of small value; cheap, force upon; hurt, wound, 11, 277;

worthless, insignificant, base, infe- break, 7, 114; devastate, 11, 255; desrior, 11, 372.

ecrate, profane, 2, 189; stain, 12, 67. villosus, a, um, adj. (villus), shaggy, vīpereus, a, um, adj. (vīpera, viper), hairy, 8, 177.

pertaining to vipers or snakes ; villus, i, m., shaggy hair, 5, 352; nap, viperous, snaky, 6, 281. 1, 702.

vir, virī, m., a man as distinguished vimen, inis, n., a flexible twig; osier, by sex, 9, 479, and freq.; husband,

sprout, shoot, sprig, stem, 3, 31. 2, 744; hero, 6, 415; pl., virī, õrum, vinciô, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a., to bind, comrades, friends, 2, 668; citizens,

11,81; bind round, 1, 337; wreathe, 1, 264; people in general, 1, 532. bind round, 12, 120.

virāgo, inis, f. (cf. vir), a woman of vinclum, see vinculum.

masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike vincā, vīcī, victus, 3, a. and n.; a., to maid, 12, 468.

conquer, 1, 529, et al.; slay, 10, Virbius, i7, m., a Latin hero, son of 842; overcome, overpower, over- Hippolytus and Aricia, 7, 762. whelm, 1, 122; dispel, 1, 727; win, virectum, i, n. (vireo), a green or possess, 6, 148; persuade, 2, 699; grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6, n., to be victorious, gain the vic- 638. tory, conquer, 11, 712.

virēns, entis, p. of vireo. vinctus, a, um, p. of vinció,

vireo, uī, 2, n., to be green, 6, 206, et vinculum (vinclum), i, n. (vincio), al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6, 679.

that which serves for binding; a virës, see vis.

virga, ae, f. (vireo), a twig, bough, sources, 2, 170; natural power, 7,

branch, 6, 144; a wand (the cadu- 258; personal power, influence, 8, ceus of Mercury), 4, 242.

404. virgātus, a, um, adj. (virga), made of vīscera, see vīscus.

twig's ; of basketwork; checkered or vīscum, i, n., the mistletoe, 6, 205. striped; plaid-, 8, 660.

vīscus, eris, n., an inner part of the virgeus, a, um, adj. (virga), of twigs, body; pl., vīscera, um, the entrails,

rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7, 463. vitals, 6, 599; the flesh, 1, 211; virgineus, a, um, adj. (virgo), per- heart, bosom, 6, 833.

taining to a virgin ; of a virgin, visā, vīsī, vīsus, 3, intens. a. (video), of virgins; a maiden's, II, 68; to look at much ; look at carefully, maiden-, virgin-, 2, 168.

observe, see, 2, 63; visit, 8, 157. virginitās, ātis, f. (virgo), virginity, visū, supine of video. 12, 141.

visum, i, n. see video at the end. virgo, inis, f., a maiden, virgin, freq.; 1. visus, a, um, p. of video.

virgin daughter, 2, 403; virgin 2. visus, ūs, m. (video), a seeing; child, 11, 565; " the transformed vision, sight, 4, 277; a phenomenon, virgin, Io, 7, 791.

spectacle, appearance, sight, 2, 212; virgultum, i, n. (virga), used only in aspect, 11, 271; prodigy, 3, 36.

the plural, a growth of brambles ; a vīta, ae, f. (vivo), life, 2, 92; of sothicket, grove, 12, 522; shrubs, 3, 23; ciety or nations, 6, 663; the living shoots or sprigs, 12, 207.

spirit, a soul or spirit, 4, 705. viridāns, antis, see virido.

vītālis, e, adj. (vīta), pertaining to viridis, e, adj. (vireo), verdant, green, life; essential to life, vital, 1, 388.

3, 24; green wood-, 7, 677; fresh, vītisator, oris, m. (vītis, a vine, and

blooming, 5, 295; vigorous, 6, 304. 1. sero), a vine-planter, 7, 179. virido, 1, n. (viridis), to be green, ver- vīto, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n., to shun, dant; p., viridāns, antis, green,

avoid, 2, 433. grassy, verdant, 5, 388; mossy, 8, vitreus, a, um, adj. (vitrum), of or like 630.

glass, clear, shining, crystal, 7, 759. virīlis, e, adj. (vir), pertaining to a vitta, ae, f., a fillet, band, or chaplet for

man; male, 7, 50; manly, 3, 342; the head, especially for religious of manhood, 9, 311.

occasions, 5, 366, et al. virtūs, ūtis, f. (vir), manhood; valor, vitulus, i, m., a young bullock, steer, courage, 2, 367, et al.; prowess, 1,

calf, 5, 772. 566; moral worth, virtue, 5, 344; vīvidus, a, um, adj. (vīvo), full of greatness, glory, 6, 806; heroism, 4, life ; lively, vigorous, ardent, 5, 754; 3; heroic effort, struggle, 12, 913.

quick, swift, 12, 753. vīs, vis, pl., virēs, vīrium, strength, vīvē, vixī, vīctus, 3, n., to live, 3, 311,

force ; persistence, industry, force, and freq.; to survive, remain, be power, 2, 452; keenness of scent, 4, still living, 1, 218; to support life, 132; might, 7, 432; violence, fury, live, 7, 749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1, 69; hurt, injury, 3, 242; pl., 1, 445; of inanimate things, live ; virēs, ium, physical power, strength, grow, increase; vīvite, live and be 2, 639; military strength, power, re-l happy; farewell.

125.

vivus, a, um, adj. (vivo), alive, living, Volsci, Õrum, the Volsci or Volscians,

6, 531; lifelike, 6, 848; immortal, a warlike tribe of Latium. 12, 235; of water, living, running, Volscus, a, um, adj., Volscian, 7, 803. pure, 2, 719; of rock, natural, un volubilis, e, adj. (volvo), turning, quarried, living, 1, 167.

whirling, spinning, 7, 382. vix, adv., hardly, scarcely, with diffi- volucer, cris, cre, adj. (1. volo), havculty, 5, 263, and freq.

ing the power to fly; of birds or vocātus, ūs, m. (voco), a calling; winged creatures, swift-winged, 5, summons; pl., a call, 12, 95.

488; of things, winged, fleeting; 2, vociferor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a. 794; swift, 1, 317; subst., volucris,

(vox and fero), to raise the voice ; is, f., a bird, 3, 262. cry out, exclaim; utter with loud volūmen, inis, n. (volvo), a roll; fold, cries, 2, 679.

coil, 2, 208. vocē, āvī, ātus, I, a., to call, name, 3, voluntās, ātis, f. (2. volo), a willing;

133; mention, speak of, 3, 185; in- will, wish, desire, 6, 675; consent, 4, voke, implore, 3, 264; propitiate, 3, 253; invite, 3, 70; summon, 2, voluptās, ātis, f. (2. volo), satisfaction, 668; challenge, 6, 172; incite, 7, delight, pleasure, 3, 660.

614; assemble, rally, 7, 508. Volusus, i, m., a follower of Turnus, volāns, antis, f., see 1. volo.

11, 463.. volātilis, e, adj. (1. volo), flying; volūto, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n. missile, winged, 4, 71.

(volvo), to roll about ; to roll back, volēns, entis, see 2. volo.

reëcho, 5, 149; roll or send through, volito, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. n. (1. volo), make resound, 1, 725; of thought, to fly about, whirl about, hover, flit, turn over,

, ponder, think over; medi6, 329; ride or gallop around, 12, tate, 1, 50; with ellipsis of the acc.,

126; circulate, pass rapidly, fly. 4, 533; n., fall prostrate, 3, 607. 1. volo, āvī, ātus, 1, n., to fly, 1, 300, volūtus, a, um, p. of volvo.

et al.; of rumor, to be spread volvā, volvī, volūtus, 3, a., to roll, 1,86;. rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3, roll along or down, 1, 101; roll or 121; p., subst., volāns, antis, f., a cast up, 3, 206; toss, hurl, 12, 906;

winged creature; a bird, 6, 239. roll over, roll in the dust, 12, 329; 2. volo, voluī, velle, irreg. and def. a., cast, hurl down, I, 116; 9, 512;

to will, wish, desire, intend, purpose, roll, wheel, 1, 163; of books, open, freq.; followed by the infin., with or unroll, 1, 262; of the Fates, fix the without subject acc., by the subj., or circle of events, decree, ordain, disby a noun in the acc.; wish, desire, pose, 1, 22; 3, 376; of the mind, re2, 104, et al.; of the gods, order, volve, meditate, reflect upon, 1, 305; decree, 5, 50, et al.; be willing, 1, pass, continue, live through, experi733; think of, intend, mean; of ence, endure, suffer, I, 9; rotam things, to signify, mean, 6, 318; p., volvere, to complete a cycle, period; volēns, entis, willing, ready, unre- pass., volvi, roll over, roll, 10, 590; sisting, spontaneously, 6, 146.

turn or wind about, 7, 350; to be Volscēns, entis, m., a Latin chief, 9, shed, to flow, 4, 449; roll on, revolve, 370.

1, 269.

võmer, eris, m., a plowshare, plow, 7, titude, 2, 798; common soldiery, 2, 635.

99; rabble, throng, 1, 149; of ani. vomā, ui, itus, 3, a., to vomit; belch, mals, the herd, 1, 190; adv., vulgo, vomit forth, 5, 682.

in the multitude ; in common, genervorāgā, inis, f. (voro), a chasm, abyss, ally, 6, 283; all around, everywhere, gulf, whirlpool, 6, 296; torrent, 9,

3, 643. 105.

vulnero, āvi, ātus, 1, a. (vulnus), to voro, āvi, ātus, 1, a., to swallow up, 1, wound; offend, hurt, wound, 8, 583. 117.

vulnificus, a, um, adj. (vulnus and võs and võsmet, see tū.

facio), wound-making ; hurtful, võtum, i, n., see voveo.

deadly, 8, 446. võtus, a, um, p. of voveo.

vulnus, eris, n., a wound, 2, 436, and voveo, vāvī, võtus, 2, a., to make a freq.; blow, 5, 433; aim, thrust, 2,

pledge or vow to a deity ; vow, 10, 529; of the mind, distress, 12, 160; 774; consecrate, devote, 11, 558; p. heart-wound, passion, 4, 2; of resubst., võtum, i, n., a thing vowed; venge, 1, 36. a conditional pledge made to some vulsus, a, um, p. of vello. deity; a vow, 5, 234, prayer, 4, 65; vult, see volo. votive offering, 2, 17; sacrifice, 3, vultur, uris, m., a vulture, 6, 597. 279.

Vulturnus, i, m., a river of Campania, võx, vācis, f., a voice, 1, 328; note, tone, 7, 729.

6, 646; language, 12, 825; response, vultus, ūs, m., the look or expression

answer, 2, 119; sound, 3, 556. of the face ; face, visage, countenance, Vulcānia, ae, f. (Vulcānius), the island 1, 209; features, 4, 556; appearance,

of Vulcan, Hiera ; an island of vol- aspect, 5, 848; eyes, sight, 2, 539. canic origin off the northern coast of Sicily, and supposed by Virgil to

х be connected by subterranean channels with Aetna, 8, 422.

Xanthus, i, m. 1. The Xanthus or Vulcānius, a, um, adj. (Vulcānus), Scamander, a river near Troy,

pertaining to Vulcan; forged or 5, 808, et al. 2. A small river in wrought by Vulcan, 12, 739, et al.; Epirus named by Helenus after the of fire or flame, 10, 408.

Trojan Xanthus, 3, 350. 3. A river Vulcānus, i, m., the god of fire and of in Lycia, 4, 143.

the forge, son of Jupiter and Juno, 8, 422; meton., fire, 2, 311, et al.

Z 1. vulgo, āvī, ātus, 1, a. (vulgus), to

make common or commonly known ; Zacynthus, i, f., an island in the spread abroad, 1, 457; divulge, dis- Ionian sea opposite Elis, 3, 270. close, 10, 64.

Zephyrus, i, m., Zephyrus or Favonius, 2. vulgo, adv., see vulgus.

the god of the west wind, 2, 417, vulgus, i, n., rarely m., the common et al.; west wind, 4, 562; wind, 10,

people ; populace, people, 2, 39; mul- 103.

Harkness's New Latin Grammars

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