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Lo these manye yeares haue I done the seruice, neyther There are in later times other decrees, made by popes of How much of philosophy concurred to the frst ! brake at any tyme thy commaundement, and yet gauest thou another kidney, or in other junctures of affairs, which forbid mault! and before it was turned on the floor, bow oftai me neuer so muche as a kyd to make mery with my louers. princes to medde in the election of Bishops.

was tossed in the brain of the first inventer therect! Bible, 1551. Luke, c. 15. Barrow. Pope's Supremacy.

Fuller. Forthies. Deres ure. Lo how that Jacob, as thise clerkes rede,

It is our custom upon the first coming of the newe, to This [malt] is barley with the property thereof By good conseil of his mother Rebekke

order a youth, who officiates as the kidney of the coffee- altered, having passed both water and fire, siseped, c Bounde the kiddes skin about his nekke;

house, to get into the pulpit, and read every paper with a dried on a kilne.-Id. Ib. Bedfordshire. For which his fadres benison he wan.

loud and distinct voice.-Tatler, No. 268. Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9239.

Is there not milking-time! when you are going to bed! Many kinds of European garden stuff are produced, parti- kill-hole? to whistle of these secrets, but you must be the And all the way their merry pipes they sound,

cularly cabbages, peas, beans, kidney-beans, turnips, and tatling before all our guests. That all the woods with double eccho ring, white raddishes, but all much inferior to our own.

Shakespeare. The Winter's Tess, Act iv.si And with their horned feet doe weare the ground,

Cook. First Voyage, b. i. c. 2. Leaping like wanton kids in pleasant Spring.

And he [a vicar) and his successors stail bare a messcaf. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 6. KILDERKIN. Dut. Kindeken, kinneken ; the and two barns, and one horse-mill and kiszásek, and oce Past gloomy bottomes, and high-waving woods, eighth part of a hogshead, filiolus vasis majoris, acre of land in Spillesby aforesaid. Climb d mountaines, where the wanton kidling dallyes, (Skinner,) because it bears the same proportion

Strype. Memorials. Edw. TI. an. 150). Then with soft steps enseal'd the meek'ned valleys,

to a whole cask, as a child (Dut. Kind) bears to KIM-KAM. 1 i. e. kam-kam; all awry, all In quest of memory.--Browne. Brit. Pastorals, b. ii. s. 1. the grown man, (Junius.)

KI'MBO. | askew. See Kan.
Clai. O very well, my lord: the musicke ended,
Wee'll fit the kid-fose with a pennyworth.
Take a kilderkin, sweet and well seasoned, of four gallons

Shakespeare. Much Adoe about Nothing, Act ii. sc. 3. of beer, of 8. s. strength, new as it cometh from the tunning;

For I remember when I was a little boy, I beard aber make in the kilderkin a great bung-hole of And where of late the kids had cropp'd the grass,


say, that every thing then was turned upside down and

Bacon. Naturall Zistorie, $ 46. The monsters of the deep now take their place.

that in his remembrance all went kin kse. Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. i. A tun of man in thy large bulk is writ,

Holland. Plutarch, . But sure thou'rt but a kilder kin of wit. Now the pine-tree's waving top

True (quoth I) common it is in some sort, and be Gently greets the morning gale :

Dryden. Mac Flecknoe.

sort not : but first mark, I beseech you, the comparat Kidlings, now, begin to crop

KILL, v. A.S. Cwell-an, (to quell,) sub- how they go clean kim kan, and against the stream, s. Daisies, in the dewy dale.-Cunningham. Day. A Past.

KID. Skinner says,—That kid, in Lin- Kı'LLING, n. is to throttle, to strangle.

Dam. And I have two, to match your pair, at teze; Kı'del. S colnshire, is the usual name for a

To subdue, to beat down, to

The wood the same, from the same hand they cente;

The kimbo handles seem with bears foot cars bundle of small wood: and kidel, Low Lat. destroy; to take away, or deprive of life ; to

Drydes. Firgal, En 3 Kidellus, is Machina piscatoria—to intercept sal- deaden, to put to death, to slay. mon and other fish in rivers (Du Cange.) Chapman writes kill-man, and Dryden, man

KIN, n.

Goth. Kun; A. S. CAN, Kidel is a common word in old statutes respect- | killer.

Kin, adj.

from the A.S. Carnax, e-cer. ing havens and rivers. The root is probably the And whanne the tilieris sighen him: thei thoughten

KI'NNING, n. an, parere, to bear, to praverb, To kit or cut.-Kit, a vessel, may be from withinne hemsilf and seiden, this is the eir, sle we him that KIND, n. duce, to beget. Cyz (in AS the same source.

the eritage be oure. And thei castiden him out of the vyne- Kind, adj. is also, consequentialls, ; yard and killeden him.--Wiclif. Luke, c. 20.

KI'NDED. KIDNAP, v. Dut. Kinder-rauber, to rob

proper, convenient. But when the fermers saw him, they thought in them KI'NDLE, v. KI'DNAPPER. or steal children, to nap or

Born, (sc.) of the same paselues sayinge: thys is the heyre, come let us kill hym, that KI'DNAPPING, n. nab (qv.) children or others. ye enheritaunce maye be oures.

And they cast hym out of

rents, immediate or remote ; the vyneyarde: and killed hym.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

KI'NDELING, . of the same ancestors; de Blackstone explains the usage of the word. My liege lady, generally, quod he,

KI'NDLY, adj. scended or produced from the These people lye in wait for our children, and may be con- Women desiren to han soverainetee,

KI'NDLY, ad. same stock or race; cogite sidered as a kind of kidnappers within the law.-Spectator. As well over hir husband as hir love,

KI'NDLINESS, N. related, or having the rela The other remaining offence, that of kidnapping, being the

And for to ben in maistrie him above. forcible abduction or stealing away of a man, woman, or This is your most desire, though ye me kille,

KI'NDNESS. tionship of the same block, child, from their own country, and sending them into anDoth as you list, I am here at your wille.

KI'NDRED, adj. related by consanguinity other, was capital by the Jewish law.

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6624. KI'NDRED, n. affinity, by blood or inte. Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 15. But he conueighed himselfe a farre of from the bondes of KI'NDSHIP. marriage; having the sale a And also the statute 11 and 12. W. iii. c. 7. though prin- ye citee of Hierusalē, the killer of prophetes, & went to the KI'NSFOLK. similar natural qualities. See cipally intended against pirates, has a clause that extends citie of Ephraim, wherunto ye desert was nigh.


Udal. John, c. 11. to prevent the leaving of such persons abroad, as were thus

the quotation from Back

KI'NSWOMAN. kidnapped or spirited away.-Id. 16."

stone. The prieste aunswered yt his father could not be harmed

Kind, adj.—native or natural; suited to, adapex KIDNEY. Skinner thinks may be from A. s. by the treaso of any man, but he sayd : that all Phyllyps

killers were put to death.—Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 72. to, proper for, beneficial to, the nature or lim Cynne, genus, and, in a secondary sense, genitalia,

A net in th' one hand, and a trusty blade

congenial; having natural (sc, feelings);-fects and nigh, (A. S. Neah,) being so called from their In th' other was: this mischiefe, that mishap;

pertaining or belonging to, becoming or convenie nearness to those parts, or from cennan, gignere, With th' one his foes he threat'ned to inuade,

to, their common natnre or kind; feeling for ext

With th' other he his friends ment to enwrap; quia (sc.) renes multum generationi conferre vulgò credebantur. Serenius, from quid, venter, and nigh,

For, whom he could not kill, he practiz'd to entrap.

other, compassionate or sympathetic, beneve'st

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 12 Humane, from human, has the same consequens quod ventri est proximum. Johnson, in his note upon the passage quoted with he had slain his own uncle Polyphron, and having put He [Alexander the tyrant] consecrated the dart also where application : and kind, n.

Nature; natural disposition or affection; generis from Shakespeare, says,-Kidney in this phrase garlands upon it, he did sacrifice to it, as to a god, and called qualities, race, sort. now signifies kind or qualities, but Falstaff means - it Tychon, as one would say, happy killer.

North. Plutarch, p. 251.

Kindle,—to bring forth kind. A man whose kidneys are as fat as mine."

Whom little Hugo dextrously did vex In Beaumont and Fletcher, it is applied to

Tho ho wende from al hire kyn, & from ai thing that With many wounds in unexpected place,

knew, the inwards; most deeply. Which yet not kill, but killingly perplex.

And nuste on erthe whiderward, bute as the myndte In the Tatler, (met.) an inward, (qv.) or in

Davenant. Gondibert, b. i. c. 4.

blew, timate; consequentially, (perhaps,) favourite ser- And cannot all these helps represse this kil-man Hector's

And wiste that heo ne schulde neuer a geça com DJA vant or attendant.

Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. ix.
Ne se fader, ny other kyn, lord! that hire vas vo!

*R. Gloucester, . & the two kydneys wyth the fatte that lyeth vpon the To kill man killers, Man has lawful power; loynes: and the kall that is on the lyuer they shall take But not th' extended license, to devour.

And for he was of this kynge's kynde, that of this las awaye wyth the kydneyer.-Bible, 1551. Leuiticus, c. 3.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xv. The right kidney in all creatures is the bigger, and lesse There must be an actual killing to constitute murder.

Ac thyn sustren schulle habbe al, for here bertes, fat, and dryer of the twaine: howbeit in both of them, there

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 14.

And thou for thyn enkyndenesse be out of al my is a fat issueth out of the mids, save only in seales. Holland. Plinie, b. xi. c. 25. KILL, or A. S. Cylene, a kill or kilne; cylenisc,

And Normandy thoru the kyng, & thoru the guese EngeGal. Curse, curse, and then I goe.

KILN, s made like a kil, furnace, or oven. lond Look how he grins, I've angerd him to the kidneys, Fyrencylle, a fire-kiln. In Suio - Goth. Quilla, Joyned were tho kundelycke in one monde's Late

Beaum. & Fletch. The Nice Valour, Act iv. sc. 1. Westro-Goth. Yklla, is to kindle. Minshew deAnd then, to be stopt in, like a strong distillation, with rives from the Lat. Calx, lime; Sp. Calera; It. From Affric thei wente north with the wysd that was god. stinking cloathes, that fretted in their own grease; think of | Fornace di calcina; Lat. Fornax calcaria; Ger.

So that heo fonden in a stude here fgerede i at that, a man of my kidney; think of that, that am as subject and Dut. Kaick-ofen. But the process to which

Of noble mon Hercules, that wyle of Trake v2. to heate as butter.

II. p. 15 Shakespeare. The Merry Wiues of Windsor, Act iii. sc. 5. malt (see the second quotation from Fuller) is Tho hii come to Engelond, glad was the frog tho,

As for barley, he would have cast it into the ground subjected, seems to warrant the conjecture that Vor he nadde in hys fader alf kurserna pamo. between the æquinox in autumne and the winter sunne- this is the same word as the preceding, viz. to

Idr steed; but vetches, kidney.beanes, and lentils, at the setting kill or quell

, (sc.) the vegetation or germination of

The soudan Saladyn or going down of the star Bootes.

Paien most worthi of alle the lond of his kyn,
Holland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 24.

the malt, i. e. of the wetted or moistened grain : So told me the stori that I fond writen in.
wetted or moistened until it vegetates or germi-

R. Bremne. r. 18 In those that are subject to the stone, the petrescent

nates. matter, when it is bred in the kidneys, is reddish or

The noun kill, or kilne, is applied to

At the last thei chaced out the Bretons so clete, yellowish: but when in the bladder, white or of a light grey.

A place for burning, lime,) drying by heat,

Away vnto Wales ther kynd is I wene.
Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 95. (malt,) &c.

We be comen alle of kynde of Germenie.

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fille him com his sonne Richard, forsoth, fulle xyndelie. The Queene in mids them all with timbrell noyse her
R. Brunne, p. 142. bands vpcheeres,

O cruel Death! to those you take more kind,

Than to the wretched mortals left behind !
Chaced him fro his reame, & chese a nother knyght,

Nor yet two deadly serpent snakes, to her at backe ap-
Kynewolf, of the kyndred of Adelarde's blode.--Id. p. 9.

Waller. Epitaph, unfinished.
All monstrous kinded gods Anubys ..

Gabriel Plats takes care to distinguish what hay is kindest Aren none hardur ne hongryour. than men of holy

Phaer. Virgill. Æneis, D. viii.

for sheep, and prefers the hardest and driest before the succhurche For suche widoweg. wantes ought to be releued of her

culent clover.- Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 357.
Averouse and yvele willed. wanne thei ben avaunsed kynsfolkes gentyll lyberalitie, in case she haue any, either

Proceeding onward whence the year began,
And unkynde to hur kynne, and to alle Chrystine.
men or womē that professe them selues Christianes.

The summer grows adult, and ripens into man.
Piers Plouhman, p. 22.

Udal. I Tim. c. 5.

This season, as in man, the most replete
No more can a kynde witted man. bote clerkes hym teche Wherefore fyrst forsake thou thy vnlawfull wedlocke that

With kindly moisture, and prolific heat.
Come for alle hus konde wittes. thorwe Cristendom to be thou haste made with Judith, thy nere kunneswoman.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xv.
Ia. p. 232.

Fabyan, vol. i. c. 161. Such ancient hospitality there rests
What lyves thyng is Kynde, quath ich; Can thow me telle

Nor any one doth care to call vs in,

In yours, as dwelt in the first Grecian breasts, Kynde is creature (Creator) quath Wit, of all kyne thynges,

Or one vouchsafeth vs to entertaine,

Whose kindness was religion to their guests.
Fader and ormour of all that forth groweth
Vnlesse some one perhaps of gentle kin,

Id. Epil. By Mrs. Marshall.
The wiche is God grettest that gynnynge had nevere.

For pitties sake compassion our paine,

The dame, who saw her fainting foe retir'd,
Id. p. 173.
And yeeld vs some reliefe in this distresse.

With force renew'd, to victory aspird ;
Ich knowe hym as kyndeliche. as clerkus don hur bokes.

Spenser. The Teares of the Muses. And, looking upward to her kindred sky,
Id. p. 120. There is found in the top or sharper end of an egge within

As once our Saviour own d his Deity,
The kundenesse that myn emeristene. kidde (i. e. shewed
the shell, a certaine round knot resembling a drop or a

Pronounc'd his words-"She whom ye seek am I."
me) me.-Id. p. 112.
navill, rising above the rest, which they call a kinning.

Id. The Hind and the Panther. And Jhesus seide to hem that a prophete is not withoute

Holland. Plinie, b. x. c. 52. Reginald Pool, who was of the royal blood, being by his honour but in his owne cuntrey and among his kyn and in

But young Perissa was of other mind,

mother descended from the Duke of Clarence, brother to hise hows.- Wiclif. Mark, c. 6.

Full of disport, still laughing, loosely light,

King Edward the fourth, and in the same degree of kindred And quite contrary to her sisters kind;

with the king by his father's side, was in great esteem for And Jesus sayd unto the: a prophete is not dispised but No measure in her mood, no rule of right,

his learning, and other excellent virtues. in his own coutrey, and among his owne kynne, & among But poured out in pleasure and delight.

Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1536. thë that are of the same houshold.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 2. When the emperor had put a great number to death, and Eft the kyngdom of hevenes is lik to a net cast into the

There-to they vs'd one most accursed order,

told him he would leave him no enemies, [Geta] asked him, see, and that gaderith togidre of alle kynde of fischis, whiche

To eate the flesh of men, whom they mote find,

if those whom he had put to death had no parents, kinsfolks, whanne it was full thei drowen up, and saten bi tle brynke

And strangers to deuour, which on their border

nor friends? Yes, said the emperor, a great number. Then and chesen the good into her vessels but the yvele thei kesten

Were brought by errour, or by wreckfull wind;

you have left me (replied he) many more than you take from out.-Wiclif. Matt. c. 13.

A monstrous cruelty against course of kind,

me.-Strype. Life of Archbp. Whitgisl, an. 1597. Id. Ib. b. vi. c. 8.

Our bretheren are from Thames to Tweed departed, Agayne, the kyngdome of heauen is lyke vnto a neet cast And though hee ne'er were liberall by kind,

And of our sisters, all the kinder-hearted, in to the sea, yt geathereth of all kyndes of fysshes : whiche Yet, to his owne darke ends, hee's most profuse,

To Edinburgh gone, or coach'd or ærted. when it is full, men drawe to lande, and syt and geather the Lavish, and letting fly, he cares not what

Dryden. To the University of Oxford, Prol. good into vessels, & cast the bad away.--Bible, 1551. Ib. To his ambition.

B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act i. sc. 1.

Firm, unremitting, matchless, in their course; For if thou art kit doun of the kyndeli wielde olyue tree, 'Mongst which it fell into that faerie's mind,

To the kind-temper'd change of night and day, and aghens kynde art set into a good olyue tree, hou mych To aske this Briton mayd, what vncouth wind

And of the seasons ever stealing round, more thei that ben bi kynde schulen be sett in her olyue tree? Brought her into those parts, and what inquest

Minutely faithful.

Thomson. Summer.
Wiclif. Rom. c. 11. Made her dissemble her disguised kind.
And thanne the tokene of mannes sone schal appere in

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2. By consent of the Britains, Hengist and Horsa sent for

their two sons, or near kinsmen, to come over with a new hevene ; and thanne alle kynredis of the eerthe schulen

Who though she still haue worne

army of Saxons, by sea, into those Northern parts; who weyle.-Id. Matt. c. 24.

Her dayes in warre, yet (weet thou) was not born

seated their colony about Northumberland.

Of bears and tigers, nor so saluage minded,
Therfore he seyde to the puple which wenten out to be

Sir W. Temple. Introd. to the Hist. of England.
As that, albe alle loue of men she scorne,
baptisid of him, kindelyngis of eddris: who schewide to you
to fle fro the wrathe to comynge.-Id. Luke, c. 3.

She yet forgets, that she of men was kynded :

This did also much pacify the emperor, since his kins

And sooth oft seene, that proudest hearts base loue hath woman was, though not restored in blood, yet put in a capa-
And whanne his kynnes men hadden herd thei wenten out

Id. Ib. b. v. c. 5.

city to succeed to the crown.

Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1536. to hold him, for thei seiden that he is turned into woodnesse. Orl. Are you natiue of this place?

Id. Mark, c. 3. Ros. As the conie that you see dwell where she is kindled. But this probability, being so near of kin to certainty, His name was hoten deinous Simekin

Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act. i. sc. 1. that the acutest philosophers could never find a criterion to A wife he hadde, comen of noble kin:

distinguish them, may be presumed to have the family The person of the toun hire father was.

Remorselesse, trecherous, lecherous, kindles villaine,

strength, though not in equal measure.

Id. Hamlet, Act ji. Sc. 4.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3941.

Scarch. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. iii. c. 26.
The earth shall sooner leaue her kindly skill
Who lived ever in swiche delite o day

The tuneful linnet's warbling notes

To bring forth fruit, and make eternall dearth,
That him ne meved other conscience,
Then I leaue you, my life, yborne of heauenly birth.'

Are grateful to the shepherd-swain;
Or ire, or talent, or som kin affray.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. xiii. c. 3. To drooping plants and thirsty fields
Id. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5557.

The silver drops of kindly rain.
But seeing kindly sleepe refuse to doe

Thompson. To Miss Addison.
On of the gretest adversitees of this world, is whan a free His office, and my feeble eyes forgoe,
man by kinde, or of birthe, is constreined by poverte to eten They sought my troubled sense how to deceaue

Consanguinity, or kindred, is defined by the writers on the almesse of his enemie.-Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

With talke, that might vnquiet fancies reaue.

these subjects to be vinculum personarum ab eodem stipite

Id. Mother Hubberd's Tale. descendentium; the connexion or relation of persons de-
O goode God! how gentil and how kind

scended from the same stock or common ancestrr.
Ye semed by your speche and your visage,
When love finds it self utterly unmatcht, and justly

Blackstone, Commentaries, b. ii. c. 14.
The day that maked was oure marriage !

vanishes, nay rather cannot but vanish, the fleshly act in-
Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8729.
deed may continue, but not holy, not pure, not beseeming KI'NDLE, v. See CANDLE.

Deceite, weping, spinning, God hath yeven
the sacred bond of marriage; being at best but an animal

KI'NDLER. perhaps from the Ger. Zund-en, To women kindly, while that they may liven. excretion, but more truly worse and more ignoble than that

KI'NDLING, N. J accendere, excitare ignem, faId. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 5985.

mute kindliness among the herds and flocks.

Milton. Tetrachordon. cere ut ardeat. Ihre—from Suio-Goth. Kind-a,
Nowe, goode fader, I you mercy crie,

But contrariwise, in the expedition against the Aequians, of the same meaning.
Send me no more into non hethenesse,
the consull and his soldiors strove to exceed one another in

To light a fire, to fire or raise a fire, to cause to
But thanketh my lord here of his kindenesse.
courtesie and kindnesses.-Holland. Livivs, p. 84.

burn; to ignite ; (met.) to heat, to inflame, to ex, Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5534. But ô! the greedy thirst of royall crowne,

cite, to rouse.
For she was on the fairest under sonne,

That knows no kindred, nor regards no right,
And eke therto comen of so high kindrede,

Stirr'd Porrex vp to put his brother downe.

And whanne a fyer was kyndlid in the myddil of the great That wel unnethes durst this knight for drede

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 10. hous and thei saten aboute; Petre was in the myddil o Tell hire his wo, his peine, and his distresse.

them.-Wiclif. Luke, c. 22.
Id. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,048.

Be, as thy presence is, gracious and kind,
Or to thyself, at least, kind-hearted prove.

When they had kyndled a fyre in the middes of the palys,
First she [Medea] made hym the flees to wynne :

Shakespeare, Son. 10.

and were set doune together. Peter also sate doune amog And after that from kith and kynne,

But the kinsfolke and friends of Valerius tooke it more them.-Bible, 1551. Ib.
With great treasore with hym she stale.

greevously and impatiently than reason was, that the ho-
Gower. Con. 4. b. y.

Though loue be hote, yet in a man of age
nour of the dedication of so famous a temple, was given
As steele is hardest in his kinde
unto Horatius.-Holland. Livius, p. 49.

It kindleth nat so soone as in youth heed.

Chaucer. Troilus, . v.
Aboue all other, that men finde
of metalles.

Id. Ib. Prol.
Sweet recreation barr'd, what doth ensue

Of exaltacion I finde
But moodie and dull melancholly,

Fire kenlcd of the same kinde. Gower. Con. A. b. vii.
It sit a man by wey of kynde

Kinsman to grim and comfortlesse dispaire.
To loue, but it is not kinde,

Shakespeare. Comedy of Errors, Act v. sc. 1.

They persuaded to Anselme, that the publicacion or openA man for loue his wit to lese. Id. Ib. b. vii.

After supper, all his kinswomen stood in the entry of the ynge of that vyce, gaue kyndelinges to the same in the And with that worde his hewe fadeth,

hall where they had eaten : 80 he called her whom he loved hartes of ydel persons, &c.-Bale. English Votaries, pt. ii. And saide, a dieu my lady sweete,

best, and gave her his allowance he had saved, and said to The life hath loste his kindely hete.--Id. Ib. b. ii.

her, This was given me in token I was this day rewarded for Nothing remaines, but that I kindle the boy thither,

my virtue : and even so I give it thee for a like token of re- which now Ile goe about.
For than he made hem vnderstonde,
ward for thy virtue.-North. Plutarch, p. 47.

Shakespeare. As You Like Il, Act i. sc. 1.
That he was there of God's sonde,
And sayd them for the kyndship,

If Achitophel signify the brother of a fool, the author of The Britains were nothing pacified, but rather kindled
That thei haue done him felowship,

that Poem will pass with his readers for the next of kin. more vehementlie to worke all the mischeefe they could He wolde do some grace againe.

And perhaps it is the relation that makes the kindness. deuise, in reuenge of their souereignes death.
Id. 16,

Holinshed. King John, an. 1202

Dryden. Epistle to the Whigs.

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Guardian, No. 30.

In these extremes the Prince and those he guides,

In tho daies Jon Baptist cam, and prechide in the desert King was a name too proud for man to wear Halfe roasted stood before fierce Vulcan's face,

of Judee. And seide do ye penaunce for the kyngdom of With modesty and meekness; and the crown, When loe a sudden and vnlookt for blast, hevenes schal neigh. --Wiclis. Matthew, c. 3.

So dazzling to their eyes who set it on,
The flames against the kindlers backward cast.

Was sure t'intoxicate the brows it bound.
In those dayes John the Baptist came & preached in
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bovlogne, b. xviii, s. 85.
ye wyldernes of Jewry, saying: Repent, the kingdom of

Cowper. Task, b. T.
The archbishop coueting to extinguish the sedition heauen at hande.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

A. Guard what you say; the patriotic tribe (whereof he himselfe had beene no small kindler) which

Will sheer and charge you with a bribe.-B. A bribe ! was like to grow, if the nobilitie were not pacified the

Thus by these wayes shul men ben auaunced: ensample The worth of his three kingdoms I defy, sooner, talked with the king,

of Dauid that from keeping of sheepe, was drawn vp into To lure me to the baseness of a lie. Id. Table Taik.
Holinshed. King John, an. 1215.

the order of kingly gouernaunce.
Chaucer. Testament of Loue, b. i.

Enough of States, and such like trifling things ;
Yet they but kindlings are of endless fire,

Enough of kinglings, and enough of kings.
And little drops which doe foregoe a storme.
And thus was he from his kyngdome

Churchill. The Candidato.
Stirling. Domes-day. The first Houre. Into the wilde foreste drawe:

Were kingship as true pleasure as it seems,
Where that the mighty God's lawe,
What mean you thus (good sir, quoth I) to thrust hither

Sterling, and worthy of a wise man's wish,
Through his power did him transforme
the sect of Stoicks : come you indeed to foist slily among

I would not be a king to be belov'd Fro man into a beastes forme.--Gower. Con. A. b. i. our speeches and discourses, your exhalations and kindlings

Causeless, and daub'd with undiscerning praise
of the stars.--Holland. Plutarch, p. 972.
To every man belongeth lore,

Where love is mere attachment to the throne,
Prevailing warmth hath still thy mind possest
But to no man belongeth more

Not to the man, who fills it as he ought.
And second youth is kindled in thy breast.
Than to a kynge, whiche hath to lede

Couper. Task, b.v.
Mr. Addison in praise of Mr. Dryden.

The people, for his kynghed
He maie hem both saue and spille.

Sir Robert Berkeley, one of the judges of the King's Bench,

Id. Ib. b. vii, Now is the time that rakes their revels keep;

affirmed, “That the law knows no such king-yoking policy." Kindlers of riot, enemies of sleep.-Gay. Trivia, b.iii. That which we call in one sillable king in English, the old

Hurd. Constitution of the English Government, Note ko
Foretold by Prophets, and by Poets sung,
Englishmen and the Saxons, from whom our tongue is

derived, to this day call in two sillables, cyning, which

King's-cob, (says Skinner,) raWhose fire was kindled at the Prophet's lamp, The time of rest, the promis'd sabbath comes.

whether it cometh of cen or ken, which betokeneth to know nunculus, from the A. S. Cyng, king, and cop, the

and understand, or can, which betokeneth to be able, or to Couper. Task, b. vi.

head or top, so called from the golden colour of haue power, I cannot tell.

their heads or flowers. KINE. Contracted from cowen, the plural of

Smith. Commonwealth of England, b. i. c. 9. cow, (qv.) For, my good leige, shee is so idly kingid,

Strowe me the ground with daffadoundillies,

And cowslips, and king.cups, and loued lillies.
Her scepter so fantastically borne,
& ther to fyue hundreth kie ilk gere to his lardere.
By a vain, giddie, shallow, humourous youth,

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. April.
R. Brunne, p. 28. That fear attends her not. --Shakes. Hen. V. Act i. sc. 4. Loe here the king-cup of a golden hue,
Other treuage he sette, a thousand kie he toke.--Id. Ib.

Then crushing Penurie

Medly'd with daisies white, and endive blue.
Three large sowes had she, and no mo:

Perswades me, I was better when a king :
Three kine, and eke a sheep that highte Malle.
Then am I king'd againe: and by and by,

Evin in the spring and play-time of the year,
Chaucer. The Nonnes Precstes Prologue, v. 14,838. Thinke that I am onking'd by Bullingbrooke,

That calls th' unwonted villager abroad,

With all her little ones, a sportive train,
And straight am nothing.-Id. Rich. II. Act v. sc. 5.
And eke all strangers in that region
Arryuing, to his kyne for food assynd;

To gather king-cups in the yellow mead,
But this is now done, by the prowesse and deuotion of And print their hair with daisies, or to pick
The fayrest kyne aliue, but of the fiercest kynd.
Ferdinando and Isabella, kings of Spaine ; who haue (to

A cheap but wholesome sallad from the brook,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 10. their immortal honour) recouered the great and rich king-. These shades are all my own.-Cowper. Tas!, b. vi.
This mention of the peristaltick motion puts me in mind

dome of Granada.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 106. of an ocular demonstration of it in the gullet of kine when Certes, said then the prince, the God is iust,

KING-FISHER. The halcyon ; taking the they chew the cud, which I have often beheld with pleasure. That taketh vengeance of his people's spoyle :

first portion of its name from the royal splendour Ray. On the Crealion, pt. ii. For, were no law in loue, but, all that lust

of its plumage, and the second from its usual The very kine, that gambol at high noon,

Might them oppresse, and painfully turmoile,

food. The total herd receiving first from one,

His kingdome would continue but a while. That leads the dance, a summons to be gay,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 8.

That a king-fisher hanged by the bill shemeth in what Though wild their strange vagaries, and uncouth

Imagin'd worth

quarter the wind is, by an occult and secret propriety, con Their efforts Cowper. Task, b. vi. Holds in his bloud such swolne and hot discourse,

verting the breast to that point of the horizon from whence That 'twixt his mentall and his active parts,

the wind doth blow, is a received opinion, and very strange; KING, n. A.S. Cyny, cynig, cyning ; from Kingdom'd Achilles in cominotion rages,

introducing natural weather-cocks, and extending magKING, v. the A. S. Cennan ; Ger. KonAnd batters down himself.

netical positions as far as animal natures. KINGDOM. nen, scire, and, thence, posse.

Shakespeare. I'royl. & Cress. Act ii. sc. 3. KI'NGDOMED. “ Cuning," says Verstegan, “is But forgetteth altogether that the tribuneship was com

King-fishers, about the size of a thrush, of a greenish blue, KI'NGHOOD. as much in signification as one mitted unto him by the people of Rome : committed I say,

with a white ring about the neck. and put into his hands for to assist privat persons, and to KI'NGLESS. especially valiant, and this being mainteine their liberties, and not to uphold the king-like KI'NGLING, n. the title of the chiefe of all, ex- rule and royaltic of a consull. -Holland. Livivs, p. 1025.

KIRK. KI'NGLY, adj. presseth him the most apparent

Ki'rkman. S of the north of England so call the Kı'NGLY, ad. in courage or valour. And cer

against him, and finallie depriued him of all his honour and KI'NGSHIP. tain it is that the kings of most kinglie dignitie, after he had reigned about the space of one

Gr. Kuplaan. nations were in the beginning elected and chosen yeare.-Holinshed. Historie, vol. i. b. iii. c. 7.

Biried he is at Repyndon, and in the kirke he lis by the people to raigne over them, in regard of the

Whereas ministers bear not the person of Christ in his greatnesse of their courage, valour, and strength, priesthood or kingship, bless not as he blesses, are not by

Some frendes he had, that biried it in kirke-gerd. as being therefore best able to defend and governe their blessing greater than Abraham. them.” In the quotation from R. of Gloucester

Millon. To remove lirelings out of the Church.

And all so feeble, and in such wise it is applied to a female sovereign ; by Bacon to

The king-becoming graces,

I was, that vnneth might I rise male and female united. And see the quotation

As justice, verity, temp'rance, stablenesse,

So fare trauailed, and so faint

That neither knew I kirke ne saint, Bounty, perseuerence, mercy, lowliness, from Smith. To king,

Deuotion, patience, courage, fortitude,

Ne what was what, ne who was who.-Claucer. Drenne, To cause to be, to make a king, to invest with I haue no rellish of them, but abound

To kirke the narre, to God more farre,

In the diuision of each seuerall crime, royal authority; to rule as a king.

Acting it many ways.--Shakes. Macbeth, Activ. sc. 3

Has been an old-said saw.
Sene kynges heo maden in Engelonde, and sethen bute

R. Gloucester, p. 4. (Hibiscum) is thought to be a singular thing for to be
bound into the swelling kernels called the king's evill, yea,

For our Sir John, to say to-morrow,
And hadden despit, that womman kung schulde be.

At the kirke, when it is holiday:
although they were exulcerat and ran.
Id. p. 37.

Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 4.

For well he means, but little can say,--Id. Ib. May.
A dogter ich haue of gret prys, & noble & god al so,
Y geue here the to thi wyf, &, gef thou wolt by leue here, For was it not thus with those traiterous captains of

Let neither your gouernor, nor your kirkeman, nor those
The thridde del my kyngdom y geue the to be my fere. Israel, who kinged themselves by slaying their masters and

who so often hath falsifyed their fayth and promise, and by id. p. 12. reigning in their stead ?---South, vol. xi. Ser. 2.

treachery and falshode be accustomed to proroge the isme, The king lay ded thar. tho was this lond kyngles, wat halt What is a king?-a man condemn'd to bear

feede you forth with fayre wordes, and bring you into the yt to telle longe? Id. p. 105.

snare, from whence they cannot deliver you.
The public burthen of the nation's care ;

Now crown'd some angry faction to appease;
Foure & tuenty gere was he kyng, & thorgh no folle

Now falls a victim to the people's ease;

And albeit some of them (fairs) are not much better than
Neuer in his lyue a fote of lond les.-R. Brunne, p.

From the first blooming of his ill-taught youth,

Lowse faire, or the common kirkmesses beyond the sea. F** Kynewolf toke the kyngdom (for better mot not falle)

Nourish'd in flattery, and estrang'd from truth.

there are diverse not inferior to the great marts in Europe & sithen toke the feaute of the kynges alle,

Holinshed. Desc. of England, b. ii. c. 18

Prior. Solomon, b. iii.
Id. p.9.
As his ancestres had it befor hand.
He stands in day-light, and disdains to hide

The violent men among them were ever pressing the
An act, to which by honour he is ty'd,
For I seye to you that manye profetis and kyngis wolden

purging the kirk, as they called it; that is, the ejecting the

A generous, laudable, and kingly pride. haue seyn tho thingis that ye seen : and thei sighen not,

the episcopal clergy.--Burnet. Own Time, b. i.
and here tho thingis that ye heren : and thei herden not.

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther.
Wiclif. Luke, c. 10.
Stoupe told me of a great design Cromwell had intended Skinner,) from the A.S. Cerr-an, to turn.

KIRKED is explained, turning upwards, (say?
For I tell you that many prophetes and kings haue desyred

to begin his kingship with, if he had assumed it: he resolved
to se those thynges whiche ye se, and haue not sene the :

to set up a Council for the Protestant Religion, in opposition
and to heare those thinges which ye heare, & haue not heard
to the Congregation de propagandâ fide at Rome.

His eyes red sparkling as the fire glow,
them.--Bible, 1551. 16.

Burnet. Own Time, vol. i. b.i.

His nose frounced full kirked stood.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. e. 10.

Cook. Third Voyage, b. ii. c. &. 2 The Scotch and the inhabitants

For the which his inordinate dooings, his nobles conspired church; the hard k approaches more nearly to the

R. Brunne, p.9.

14. p. 34.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. Jalga

Graston. Edv. FI. an. 3.

Chaucer. Rom. of the lake.


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A. S. Cyrtel
A woman's gowne
Let it thunder to the tune of greenesleeues, haile kissing- In such a state of things, would you easily belieye his

lordship could pride himself in cooking up this cold kitchinor kirtle, (Somner.) “ I believe,” says Skinner, comfils, and snow eringoes.

Shakespeare. Merry Wiues of Windsor, Act v. sc. 5. stuff, and serving it again and again, amidst so elegant an from the verb, to gird, because the gown or

entertainment.-Warburton. Lord Bolingbroke's Philosophy. tunic used formerly to be girded," or fastened It will not be long after, I hope, before I shall have the round the waist with a girdle. It is not, as

honour of kissing your Highness's hands, and ending the KITE. A.S. Cyta; of unsettled etymology.

discourse we began at Soesdyke. Somner asserts, a woman's gown only; it is applied Sir W. Temple. Let to the Prince of Orange, Oct. 31, 1676.

Kı'tish. Skinner thinks from the Lat. Captare, io an article of dress for men, and not merely to a

She trembling views

quia semper prædam captat, et rapto vivitur; but gown, but to various articles, all, perhaps, distin- This pomp of death, and parting tears renews;

it is not at all probable that our ancestors should guished by their being girded. See the Notes on Last with a kiss, she took a long farewel,

translate the habits of the bird into Latin, and Shakespeare, 2 Pt. Hen. IV.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xii. thence impose a name; the bird was known to

The priest was not to approach it but after so many bow-them earlier than that language. Kite, the playWithouten kirtelle or kemse, saue kouerchef alle bare vis.

ings, crossings, and kissings of the altar. R. Brunne, p. 122.

Burnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1548. thing so called from its soaring aloft like a kite. Yclad he was ful smal and properly, There was a Prince of Lubberland.

For thy Peers Plouhman. ich praye the telle hit treuthe,
All in a kirtel of a light waget.
A potentate of high command,

Ich may nat come for a kylte.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3322.

Piers Plouhman, p. 126.
Ten-thousand Bakers did attend him,
in kirtels and in copes riche
Ten-thousand Brewers did befriend him ;

We strive, as did the houndes for the bone,
Thei were clothed all aliche,
These brought him kissing-crusts, and those

They fought all day, and yet hir part was none.
Departed euen of white and blewe.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv.
Brought him small-beer before he rose.

Ther came a kyte, while that they were so wrothe, King. Art of Cookery, v. 191.

And bare away the bone betwix them bothe. And she had a kirtell of diuerse coloures vpon her; for

Chaucer The Knightes Tale, v. 1182. wi suche were ye kinges doughters (yl were virgines) appaTeled.-Bible, 1551. 2 Kynges, c. 13.

KIT, v. 1 i. e. to put, (qv.); contracted from A fawcon is full hard
Кіт. Cittern, or guitar.

amongst you men to finde, All in a kirtle of discolour'd say

For all your maners more agree
Hee clothed was, ypainted full of eyes.
Sweeter my bellowes blowing and

unto the kytish kinde.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4.
My hammers beating is

Turbervile. The Aunswere of a Woman to hir Louer, &c. Fal. What stuffe wilt thou haue a kirtle of? I shall re- To me, than trimmest fidling ceiue money on Thursday: thou shalt haue a cappe to

The trickest kit I wis.

The foolish kyte, led with licentious will, morrow.-Shakespeare. 2 Pl. Hen. IV. Act ii. sc. 4.

Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. C. 30.

Doth beat vpon the gentle bird in vaine, 3

With many idle stoups her troubling still.

4 Cit. I'le have his little gut to string a kit with, Half a dozen taffata gownes, or sattin kirtels, in a paire or

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 5. two of moneths, why they are nothing:

For certainly a royal gut will sound like silver.
Beaum. & Fletch. Philaster, Act v. sc. 1.

That the train serves to steer and direct their flight, and
B. Jonson. Cynthia's Revels, Act ii. sc. 3.

turn their bodies like the rudder of a ship, is evident in the Each bore in hand a kit, and each

kite, who, by a light turning of his train, moves his body A warrant to Sir Andrew Dudley, to deliver to John To show how fit he was to teach

which way he pleases.--Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. Bridges ten yards of crimson velvet, to make his Majesty a A cit, an alderman, a mayor, Ekirlle and a whode for his parliament robes.

Led in a string a dancing bear.--Churchill. Ghost, b. iv. Julius Pollux, in his ninth book, speaks of the Melolonthe, Strype. Memorials. Edw. IV. an. 1552.

or the kite; but I question whether the kite of antiquity She herself was richly apparelled with a mantle and kirtle KIT, n. Ray says, A kit is a milking-pail like was the same with ours.-Memoirs of Mar. Scriblerus, c. 5. of cloth of gold, furred with mynever pure, and powdered a churn, with two ears and a cover, from the Dut. ermins.-Id. Ib. Queen Mary, an. 1553.

They are not hawks or kiles; they are only miserable Kitte. Mr. Brocket says, It is now applied to a fowls whose flight is not above their dunghill or henroost. KISS, v.

small pail of any sort. Also to a vessel in which Variously written in old au

Burke. On the Policy of the Allies. Kiss, n. thors, Kiss, kuss, coss. A. S. pickled salmon is sent to London. See Kid,

KITH.! A. S. Cythe; notitia, familiaritas, Ki'sser. Cyss- an; Dut. Kussen ; Ger. Kidel.

Kid. cognatio,-notice, knowledge, familiKissing, n.

In pails, kits, dishes, basins, pinboukes, bowls, Kucjan, osculari; Gr. Kvoru.

arity, acquaintance, kindred, alliance, (Somner); To kiss is,

Their scorched bosoms merrily they baste,
Until this very hour their thirsty souls

from the verb cythan, to show, to make known. To touch gently, and with a slight action of the

Never touch'd water of so sweet a taste.

Hearne says, Kid signifies shew. John Skelton lips; generally, to touch gently, mildly, blandly.

Drayton. Moses his Birth and Miracles. uses it for shew'd, in his Image of Ypocresy, Brut hire cluppede and cussede, and comfortede hire y now. The fish is brought ashore again to the cooper's offices, saying, “The truth cannot be hid, for it is plain

R. Gloucester, p. 14. boiled, pickled and killed.Pennant. The Common Salmon. kid."
He praied him for luf, in pes lat him be stille,
KITCHEN Fr. Cuisine; It. Cucina ; Sp.

Tho that the werre bigan, & kid it so couth, & kisse, & be gode frende in luf & in a wille.

R. Brunne, p. 64.
Kı'TCHENED. Cozina ;
Dut. Kocken; Ger.
Were taken ilk a man, & sent in to the South,

R. Brunne, p. 281.
KITCHENRY. Kuchen. All from the Lat.
Lewede men lyvede hym wel. and likeden hus wordes

In Cipres wer thei comen, ther maistrie gan thei kithe. Comen & kneleden. to kissen his bulles. Coquina, from Coquere, to cook.

Id. p. 173. Piers Plouhman, p. 4. A place, room, or apartment of a house for

And softely to hire right thus sayd he; Yit while he spak: lo a cumpanye and he that was clepid cooking, dressing or preparing animal or vegetable Mercie, and that ye nat discover me : Judas oon of the twelve, wente bifore hem, and he cam to substances for food.

For I am ded, if that this thing be kid. Jhesus to kisse him. And Jhesus seide to him, Judas

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale. bitraiest thou mannes sone with a coss?--Wiclif. Luke, c.22.

A kitchen-garden,—a garden in which plants or vegetables used in the kitchen are grown.

For gentil herte kitheth gentillesse.-10. Squieres Tale. Whyle he yet spake: behold, there came a company, and

First she [Medea] made hym the flees to wynne; : he that was called Judas, one of the twelue, wente before Ich be cook in here kylchene, and the covent served.

And after that from kith and kynne, them, & preased nye vnto Jesus to kysse hym. And Jesus

Piers Plouhman, p. 94.

With great treasore with hym she stale.' sayde vnto hym: Judas, betrayest thou the Sonne of man That serchen every land and every streme,

Gower. Con. A. b. y. wla kysse.- Bible, 1551. Ib.

As thikke as motes in the sonne-beme,

And, my near kilh, for that wol sore me shend.
And soothly a wounde of thy friend (is) to the lasse harme,
Blissing halles, chambres, kichenes, and boures.

Browne. Young Willie & old Wernock. ye sir, and better than a false kissing in disceivable glosing

Chaucer. The Wif of Balhes Tale, v. 6452.

Your bountie on me kythe, I mercy cry. of thine enemy.-Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. i. And Aristotle saieth, it is lesse rebuke for a man to be

Id. The Shepherd's Pipe, Ecl. 1. It was my prety Phips,

busie to know what is done in his kitchin, than for a woman Many a prety kusse

what is doone without her house.
Vives. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. ii. c. 9.

Had I of his swete musse.

Dut. Katteken ; Ger. Kat

Kitten. - zlein; Sw. Katt-unge.
Skellon. The Boke of Philip Sparow.
Nor is this a wonder, seeing Pliny tells us that our English

KI'TLING, n. The diminutive of cat, (qv.); Alas, madam, for stealing of a kisse,

oysters did Romanis

culinis servire, " serve the kitchings of the young of a cat ; applied also to the young of Have I so much your mynde therin offended ?

Rome."-Fuller. Worthies. Northamptonshire. Or have I done so greuously amisse,

some other animals.

S. Dro. There is a fat friend at your master's house,
That by no meanes it may not be amended ?
Wyatt. To his Loue whom he had kissed, &c.
That kilchin'd me for you to day at dinner.

I knowe who plaies the catte, and howe }

Shakespeare. Comedy of Errors, Act v. sc. 1. her ioly killles mouses, But I doubt not, so soon as his name (Spenser) shall come Close unto the front of the chariot marcheth all the sort I and my patrons leaue small lore into the knowledge of men, and his worthinesse be sounded in the trumpe of fame, but that he shall be not onely kist, of weavers and embroiders; next unto whom goeth the

in some right famous houses.-Drant. Horace, Sat. 4. blacke guard and kitchin-ree; then all the meiny one with but also beloued of all, embraced of the most, and wondred another.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 12.

Hotsp. Why so it would have done at the same season, if at of the best.-Spenser. The Epistle of E. K. to Harvey.

your mother's cat had but kitlen'd, though yourselfe had If nor a dramme of traicle soveraigne,

neuer been borne.-Shakes. Ist Pt. Hen. IV. Act iii. sc. 1. And whilst he slept, she ou'r him would spread

Or aqua vitæ, or sugar candian,
Her mantle, colour'd like the starry skyes,
Nor kilchin-cordials can it remedie,

I had rather be a kitten, and cry mew,
And her soft arme lay vnderneath his head,
Certes his time is come, needs mought he die.

Than one of those same meeter ballad-mongers.-Id. Ib. And with ambrosial kisses bathe his eyes.

Bp. Hall, b. ii. Sat. 4.
Id. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 1.

They (sea-weasels or sea-dogs) breed their young whelpes
His cooks with long disuse their trade forgot;
Afend. Are you not he that is a kisser of men, in drunken-

or killings alive within their bellies, and when they list let Cool was his kitchen, though his brains were hot. · and a berayer in sobriety?

them forth and suffer them to run abroad for reliefe, and

Dryden. Absalom &. Achitophel. Beaum. & Fletch. The Martial Maid, Act ii. sc. 1.

to get their food, and afterwards receive them into their

Our gardens are made of smaller compass, seldom exceed- bodies againe.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 179. An husband's open kissings, and

ing four, six, or eight acres; inclosed with walls, and laid His secret coyings, nay,

out in a manner wholly for advantage of fruits, flowers, and Their (the Tarantula spider) cases or skins brought into The very soule of loue, more sweet

the product of kitchen-gardens in all sorts of herbs, sallads, pouder, and taken in drinke, have the like effect to young Than thou or I can say. plants, and legumes, for the common use of tables.

weazils or killings, as I have declared before. Warner. Albion's England, b. v. c. 24.

Sir W. Temple. Of Gardening.

Id. Plinie, b. xxix. c. 4.

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A.sack or bag for broken victuals ; (frustulos, wiues of the citie, it (shrift] was layde downe agayne.

We took a killing that had been kiltened the day before, To break any thing with a snapping noise; to y nothing, neither goods nor good qualities. For and put it into a very small receiver, (that we guessed to

strike so as to make such noise, hold about a pint or less,) that it might be the sooner ex

nequam, servum, non malum, sed inutilem signifi

Knappish, i. e. snappish, (qv.) hausted.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 360.

cat. Or, according to Festus,“ Qui ne tanti The kitten too was comical,

He hath broken the bowe, he hathe knapped the speare quidem est, quam quod habetur minimi." It may She play'd so oddly with her tail,

in sonder, and brente the charettes in the syre.Bible, 1551. have been applied to the mere destitution, naked. Or in the glass was pleas'd to find

At the length he made such struggling, putting back one

ness, the helplessness of childhood;--as Infant

, from Another cat, and peep'd behind. Whitehead. Variety. thigh, and setting forward another, that he knapped the staff the speechlessness. Helvigius derives from Gr.

of the dart asunder.--North. Plutarch, p. 306. KIVE, said in Kelly's Scottish Proverbs (see

Nntios, infans : (ve, neg. and eros, sermo.) See

Take a vessel of water, and knap a pair of tongs some Jamieson) to be the mashing-fat. depth within the water, and you shall hear the sound of the Knave is now, and has long been, applied not to

Wachter; also the quotation from Chaucer. tongs well.---Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 133. Of necessity they must brew every day, yea, pour it out

one who hath neither goods nor good qualities, of the kive into the cup, if the prodigious English hospitality

These Elyot compared to a galled horse abiding no

but to
plaisters, that were always knapping and kicking at sucla
in former ages be considered, with the multitude of menial
servants and strangers entertained.

examples and sentences as they felt sharp, or did bite One who may or may not have goods, but has
Fuller. Worthies. Derbyshire.
them.--Strype. Memorials. Hen. VIII. an. 1535.

many bad qualities ; (e.g.) roguery, trickery, deKing Richard somewhat mistrusted and conceyued suche ceit, dishonesty, mischief; and, consequentially, a KNACK, v. To knack with one's fingers.

an indignation, that he rejected the duke's request with knave isKNACK, n. Ger. Mit den fingers knacken, many spitefull and knappishe wordes.

A rogue, a trickster, a deceiving, dishonest, mis. KNACKING, N.

Grafton. Rich. III. an. 2. digitis crepitare, to make a

chievous fellow :-also, playfully, as rogue also is. noise with the fingers; formed from the sound;

The people standing by heard knap in, and the patient

declared it by the ease she felt. (Skinner.) From A. S. Cnuc-ian, to knock,

And bit his knare knele, that shall his coppe holde,
Wiseman. Surgery, b. vii. c. 5. He loketh alle louring,

Piers Ploukman, p. 83.
(Wachter.) From the verb to knock, (Minshew.)
As this knack of the fingers required consider-
KNAP. See Kxos.

And sche bare a knaue child (filium masculum) that was

to reulynge alle folkis in an yrun gherde. able dexterity, the word probably became applied KNAPSACK. Fr. Canapsa ; Dut. Knap

Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 12. to a dexterous, ready, or adroit manner of doing sack ; viatoria pera, (Kilian,) a sack for provisions But he that nought hath, ne coveiteth to have, any thing; also to any thing cleverly, nicely on a journey, or a march. Also written, as in

Is riche, although ye hold him but a knare. made; or any thing knockd or hit off nicely. the example from South, snapsack, (qv.); Sw.

Chaucer. The Hif of Balhes Tale, 5. 6772. Knick-knack, i. e. knack-knack.

Snappsack, a bag for clothes. Ihre, from knap, or And for because of a little knauery, which a deaco at ConThe more queinte knakkes that they make, snap, (qv.) Perhaps originally applied to,

stantinople plaide thorough cofession with one of the chiese The more wol I stele whan that I take.

Tyndall. Workes, p. 147.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4050.

Lye;) then more generally for provisions and How they were wont to drynke
Yea, after that in hast,
other articles.

Of a leather bottell
She greazde this guest with sause of sorcerie,

With a knauish stoppel.–Skelton. Boke of Colin Clout.
Out of rich suits the noblest French they strip,
And fedde his minde with knacks both queint and strange.
Gascoigne. Dauid's Salutacions lo Berzabe.
And leave their bodies naked on the ground;

Ant. My good knaue Eros, now thy captaine is
And each one fills his knapsack or his scrip

Euen such a body-Shakes. Ant. & Cleop. Act 15. sc. 12. If they can hear their beads knacke upon each other, they

With some rare thing that on the field is found. are not bid to care for hearing their praiers reflect upon

Draylon. The Barons' Wars, b. i.

But lastly both were taken; both

Did fault in one small ill, heaven.--Bp. Hall. Quo Vadis ?

We should look upon him as a strange soldier, that when Yet rope-law had the youth, the frier Cle. Yes, faith. The fellow trims him silently, and has

he is upon his march, and to go upon service, instead of Liu'd clergie-knaued still. not the knack with his sheeres or his fingers. his sword should take his snapsack.--South, vol. viii. Ser. 9.

Warner. Albion's England, b, vii. c. 36 Ben Jonson. The Silent Woman, Act i. sc. 2. They (cartridges) are to be delivered out at the rate of

For he was wylie-witted, and growne old Knacks we have that will delight you, sixty for each soldier, which, with twenty-two he received at

In cunning sleights and practick knauery.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3.
Barcelona, a pikeax, a knapsack for provisions, and a tin-
Slight of hand that will invite you.

box for vinegar and water, besides his arms, will prove an
Id. From the Masques, s. 13.
intolerable burthen at this hot season of the year.

Although his master had thoroughly thwacked him for

his knurish tricks played a few days before, and that then Thou knowest, boy, I have taught thee the knacking of the

Swinburne. Spain, Let. 5. it seemeth he had opportunity to be revenged: he to the * hands.-Lilly. Midas.

KNARR, or Also written to Gnar, (qv.) his master.— North. Plutarch, p. 963.

contrary imployed himself after a marvellous fashion to save But if ye use these knick-knacke,


A. S.
This fast and loose, with faithful men and honest,

KNA'rry, or
Gnyrran ; Dut. Knerren, knarren; himsele sohnev hat too insolently and knarishly against himar

One of those slaves whom they call Elotes, had behaved
You 'l be the first will find it.
Beaum. & Fletch. The Loyal Subject, Act ii. sc. 1,

KNU'RRY. Ger. Knarren ; Sw. Knarra, Now I sweare by the two twins, (quoth he (Charillus, ) Castor

knorra, stridere, to crash or creak. Till he against his nature learn to strive,

and Pollox, were I not angry, I would do thee to death out And get the knack of dulness how to thrive.

A harsh or hard knot in a tree; any thing hard of hand.-- Holland. Plutarch, p. 348.
Olway. Prologue on N. Lee's Constantine the Great. or rugged; a difficulty.

Whilst the knare-fool, which well himself doth know

Smiles at the coxcomb, which admires hin so.
First on the wall was peinted a forest,
We have neither the knacle of persuading ourselves so
readily, nor the humour of sticking to a fashion so obsti-

In which ther wonneth neyther man ne best, nately.- IVarburton. The Doctrine of Grace.

With knotty knarry barrein trees old,

As needy gallants, in the serivener's hands, of stubbes sharpe and hidous to behold.

Court the rich knaves that gripe their mortgag'd lands. KNAG, v.? Perhaps from the A. S. Gnæg-an;

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1980.

Dryden. Satire on the Dutch, (1662.) Knagged. Dut. Knag-hen ; Ger. Nagen ; No giaunt for his lyse

The lord-treasurer said, a separate peace was so base, 10 can cleaue a knarrie oke,

knarish, and so villainous thing, that every one who Sw. Gnaga ; rodere, arrodere, corrodere, to

Though he would seek to doo his wurst

served the queen knew they must answer it with their heads gnaw or know ; applied to any thing projecting or and utmost at a stroke.

to the nation.-Burnet. Own Time, an. 1712. sticking out like teeth or tusks.

Turbervile. The Louer to Cupid for Mercie.

He exposes the knavery, of powerful churchmen, and the The knags that stick out of a hart's horn near In some kind of timber, like az in marble also, there be folly of profound divines; and then pretends

, or believes, the forehead, (Skinner.) The knags or projecting found certaine knurs like kernils, as hard they be as naile that he hath discredited revelation itself, knots in wood; a pin or peg to hang any thing heads, and they plague sawes wheresoever they light upon

Warburton. Id. Bolingbroke's Philesupár. them.-Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 16.

For man to man, or er'n to woman paid upon. Casting off all other weightie cares, hee [Constantius]

Praise is the medium of a knarish trade, He made prestes and clerkes to lepe on cragges,

thought upon Cæsar, as the untowardest knurre and difti- A coin by Craft for Folly's use design'd,
Monkes and freres to hong on knagges,
cultie that now troubled him most, bending his whole en-

Spurious, and only current with the blind.
Thus wonderly wold he doo.
deavour how to shake and overthrow him.

Couper. To an aflicted Protestant Lady in Frora.
Early Popular Poetry, vol. i. Sir Gowther.

Holland. Ammianus, p. 23.

Commonly written Gnaw. A. 5. Take here the golde in a bagg.

oxycedrus; full of braunches it is besides, and so knurrie, I schall hyt hynge on a knagg,

that it is troublesome to the hand.-Id. Piinie, b. xiii. c. 5. At the schypp borde ende.

wen; Sw. Gnag-a, rodere. Le Bone Florence. Rilson, v. 3. A cake of scurflies baking on the ground,

To press and tear off or asunder, (by the teeth ;) And prickly stubbs, instead of trees, are found;

to corrode, to eat or fret into, to prey upon If there be any suspicion of sorcerie, witchcraft, or en

Or woods with knots and knares deform'd and old; chantment practised for to hurt young babes, the great

Headless the most, and hideous to behold.

I wol not saie how that it is the chaine horns of beetles, such especially as be knagged as it were

Dryden. Palamon & Arcite.

Of Sathanas, on which he knaweth euer.
with small teeth, are as good as a countre charm and pre-
servative, if they be hanged about their necks.

KNAVE. A. S. Crapa, cnaf-a; Dut.
Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 15. KNA'VERY.

He returned into ye chamber among them, al chäged with
Knape ; Ger. Knab, a boy, (says a wonderful soure angrye countenaunce, knitting the loropress

And this is the reason, men say, that nature hath set

Skinner,) and, secondly, 'a ser frowning and froting and knawing on his lippes, & so sa

KNA'vishly. head of an , the most

vant. Knave, (Tooke,) A. S.

him downe in hys place --Sir T. šlore. Workes, p. 54. Sinos e o dangerous by reason of their sharp and branching fath, qui nihil habet ; the third person singular of

Rats also having knarn some jewels of gold in a chorek, knags.-Id. Plutarch, p. 1039.

nabban, i. e. ne-habban. So ge-naf, ge-nafd, nafig, KNAP, v. 1 Dut. Knappen, crepitare, to make nafga, are in the A. S. Mendicus, egens.

KNEAD, A.S. Cræd-an, nid-ian, ge-niddian;

In the
Knappish. Xa noise; Sw. Knappa, resonare, same manner nequam is held by the Latin etymo-

Dut. Kned-en ; Ger. Knetten, kneten; Sw. Knæda; logists to mean ne-quicquam, i. e. one who hath force together.

depsere, subigere, to beat down; to drive, press, ferire, to sound, to hit or strike.

Dryden writies to nare

Drayton. The Moon-Calf.

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That which hath an hard, sharpe, and prickie leafe, is called Gnæg-an; Ger

. Nag-en ; Dut. Knag-hen

, khau

Chaucer. The DIMKA.

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repare the many beast that is, wonderful horns farbi grasschande Cnafa, was probably.nafath, i. e. ne-hafath, gena, the sex tons set a trap for them.– North. Plutarch, 2...

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