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For the unfeithful housbonde is halowid by the feithful He in his furie all shall over-ronne,

| The trumpets sound, and they together non womman, and the unfeithful woman is halowid bi the And holy Church with faithlesse hands deface,

With greedy rage, and with their faulchiorus smot, feithful housbonde : ellis ghoure children weren unclene, That thy sad people, utterly fordonne,

Ne either sought the others strokes to shun, but now thei ben hooli.-Wiclif. 1 Corynth. c. 7.

Shall to the utmost mountaines fly apace.

But through great fury both their skill forgot. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 3.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. . ei. Alle men that wolen lyue feithfulli in Crist Iesu schulen suffre persecucioun.-Id. Tyle, c. 3.

If ought seem vile,

They are all horse men, carrying nothing but a bow, a As vile hath been my folly, who have profan'd

sheaf of arrowes, and a fauehion sword: they are expert (But I wol not avowen that I say,

The mystery of God giv'n me under pledge And therfore kepe it secree I you pray)

riders, and shoot as readily backward as forward.

Of vow, and have betray'd it to a woman, He is to wise in faith, as I beleve.

Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. iv. c. 15. & l. Chaucer. Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,112. A Canaanite, my faithless enemy.--Milton. Samson Agon.

Venus, Mercury, and our Moon, have phages, and appear Which (peace and unity between England and Ireland) Thā arne they folk that han most god in awe

sometimes falcated, sometimes gibbous, and sometimes doubtlesse had beene easily effected long ere this, had we all And strengest faithed ben I vnderstond

more or less round.-Derham. Astro-Theology, b.v. el. beene faithfull, true, reall to the publike cause of God and And con an errour alderbest withstond.-Id. Troilus, b. i. our countrey in our severall places, and not faithlessely be

And this sphæricity, or rotundity, is manifest in cur Thou lovest me, that wot I well certain, trayed, but sincerely discharged the severall trusts reposed

moon, yea in Venus too ; in whose greatest faleaties the And art my faithful liegeman ybore,

in us to the uttermost of our powers. And all that liketh me I dare wel fain

Prynne. Treachery & Disloyalty, p. 218. App. selves under the appearance of a dull and rusty colour.

dark part of their globe may be perceived, exhibiting them. It liketh thee. Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8185.

Id. I If they had gone to God without Moses, I should have Ey goddes moder, quad she, blisful maid,

praised their faith ; but now they goe to Moses without God, The locusts have antenna or long horns before, with a Is their ought elles ? tell me faithfully. I hate their stubborne faithlessenesse.

long salcation or forcipated tail behind. Id. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7789.

Bp. Hall. Cont. Golden Calfe.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. 4.2 Complained eke Heleine of his sickenesse Paith, is that firm belief of things at present not seen,

Heaven's queen, who favours both, gave this command. So faithfully that it pety was to here.--Id. Troilus, b. ii. that conviction upon the mind, of the truth of the promises

Suppress thy wrath, and stay thy vengeful hand, and threatnings of God made known in the Gospel; of the Fayth is the beleuyng of God's promises, and a sure trust

Be all thy rage in tauntful words exprest; certain reality of the rewards and punishments of the life to in the goodness and truth of God, which fayth iustified

But guiltless let tby thirsty falchion rest. come ; which enables a man, in opposition to all the tempAbrah. Gen. xv, and was the mother of all his good workes

Tickelt. Homer. Iliad, bi tations of a corrupt world, to obey God in expectation of an whiche he afterward did, for faith is the goodnesse of all invisible reward hereafter.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. I.

But let us now (this tale awhile dismiss'd) works in the sight of God.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 7.

Aman. Well my opinion is, form what resolution you will,

To Gryphon turn, who, when he reach'd the list, He is weake faithed which loueth and enbraceth the trwe

Already found the manly jousts begun, matrimony will be the end on't. doctrine, wold promoue it, suffreth himself to be enstructed,

Ber. Faith, it wont.--Vanburgh. The Relapse, Act ii. sc. I.

Spears broke, and falchions flashing in the sun. and studieth to profite therein and desyreth the techres to

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b, rtii be preserued, and confesseth the trwth in a maner, albeit Or if my frowning stars have so decreed, he dare not defende it openly and frely enoughe nor That one must be rejected, one succeed,

FA'LCON, or Fr. Faulcon, faucon; IL strongly, nethelesse he nether denieth it nor persecuteth it. Make him my lord, within whose faithfull breast


Falcone; Sp. Halcon; Lat. Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 6. Is tix'd my image, and who loves me best.

Dryden. Palamon & Arcite. FA'LCONER. Falco, a falce, quia ungues Where as agaynst his false ground that ther can be no

FA'LCONRY. true fayth but if it be writen in Scripture, I objected against And therefore the bishop requires them to deal plainly

falcem imitantur, ( Vos him the faith of many good and faithfull men, in whose and faithfully with him and the church, and to tell him, sius ;) because its nails or claws resemble a hook. dayes we cannot proue that their faith was written, and yet whether they really trust, that they are mov'd by the Holy Skinner says, its nails and beak. we doubt not but that thei wer good and faithfull: he Ghost to take this office upon them ? to which every one is

It is also a name given to a piece of artillery, saieth, I cannot proue that they hadde no Scripture.

bound to answer, I trust so.-Bp. Beveridge, vol. i. Ser. 3. Sir T. More, Workes, p. 468.

which, according to Meyrick, (iii

. 70,) in the time The word faith, always contains in it the notion of faith. of Queen Elizabeth carried a ball of one pound and For Lycurgus succeаdinge his brother Polybita in the fulness or fidelity.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 26. kingdom of Sparta, when as he might lawfullye haue cha

a half, and measured two inches in the bore ; and lenged it to himselfe, surrendered the same with as muche

No natural cause she [Io) found, from brooks or bogs, faithfulnesse as might he, vnto his sonne Charilaus whyche

Or marshy lowlands to produce the fogs :

thus, within falcon-shot; within the reach of shot Then round the skies she sought for Jupiter,

from a falcon. was borne after the deathe of hys father, as soone as he came to mannes estate.-Golding. Justine, fol. 21.

Her faithless husband; but no Jove was there.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. i. Morkar recleymed es, as es the faukon fre, Praye God that he wyll witesafe to worke faith in thyne

And Eadwyn com to pes, he mot ne better se. herte, for else shalt thou remaine euermore faithlesse, fayne Let us give a faithful pledge to the people, that we honour

R. Brusne, D. indeed the crown; but that we belong to them; that we are thou, ymagin thou, enforce thou, wrastle with thy self, and

their auxiliaries, and not their task-masters; the fellow- And fatte thy faucones, to culle wylde foules. do what thou wilt or canst. - Udal. Prologue to Romaynes. labourers in the same vineyard, not lording over their rights,

Piers Plouanan, A IN Or if no skill they think it, but suppose

but helpers of their joy.-Burke. Economical Reform. 'Tis faith (and faith ne'er thinks heav'n's height too high.)

Amidde a tree for dry, as white as chalk Yet faiths so sev'ral be, that few are those

Though the generality of painters at that time were not As Canace was playing in hire walk Can choose right wings when they to heav'n would fly.

equal to the subjects on which they were employed, yet they Ther sat a faucon over hire hed ful hie, Davenant. Gondibert, b. ii. c. 1.

were close imitators of nature, and have perhaps trans- That with a pitous vois so gan to crie,

mitted more faithfull representations, than we could have That all the wood resouned of hire cry. I shall be nam'd among the famousest expected from men of brighter imagination.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10.733 Of women, sung at solemn festivals,

Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. i. c. 7.
Living and dead recorded, who, to save

The faucon whiche fleeth ramage,
Her countrey from a fierce destroyer, chose
But, as I said before, a case,

And sufreth no thyngs in the waie,
Above the faith of wedlock-bands; my tomb
So far remov'd by time and place,

Wherof that he maie take his praie :
With odours visited and annual flowers.
Is seldom faithfully related,

Is not more set vpon rauayne,
Millon. Samson Agonistes.
Or in most points, exaggerated.

Than thilke man.

Gower. CoR. A. b. iii.

Cambridge. Learning. A Dialogue.
- I provided death ; so death becomes
His final remedie, and after life
Still nod the plumage o'er the brainless head.

In lyke manner as by cöparyson of faucons pelegtynei. Tri'd in sharp tribulation, and refin'd

Still o'er the faithless heart the riband spread.

that haue stande and rested longe on the perche hath grett By faith and faithful works.

desyre to flye abrode, in lyke manner the knygbtes and second life,

Such toys may serve to signalize the tool, Wak't in the renovation of the just,

To gild the knave, or garnish out the fool,

squyers of Englonde desyred to fynde dedes of armes *

auaunce themselfe.--Berners. Froiss. Cron. vol. il. c. 6. Resigns him with heav'n and earth renew'd.

P. Whitehead. Manners, a Salire, 1738.
Id. Paradise Lost, b. xi. When the heart is sorely wounded by the ingratitude or

Well, said the admiral, the maiter is not great, for there I' faith sir, if you had told as many lies in his behalfe, as

faithlessness of those on whom it had leaned with the whole can be no danger in this sally, for where they worke you haue vttered words in your owne, you should not passe weight of affection, where shall it turn for relief?

is within falcon-shot of the ships. heere.--Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act v. sc. 1.

Blair, vol. iii. Ser. 13.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. B. 714. - He replied, FA'LCHION, or Fr. Fauchion, ensis fal

Eft fierce retourning, as a faulcon fayre, Thou vnpossessing bastard, dost thou thinke

That once hath failed of her souse full neare,
FA'Uchion. catus, (Junius and Skinner,)
If I would stand against thee, would the reposall

Remounts agaipe into the open ayre,

from the Lat. Falx, a cutOf any trust, vertue, or worth in thee,

And unto better fortune doth herselfe prepsyre. Make thy words faith'd ? [d. Lear, Act ii. sc. 1.

ter. Applied to

Spenser. Faerie Quecae, b.il.cll.
Lion. A faithful, not a ceremonious friend ;
An arched or crescent-shaped cutter; a sci- Hee is much delighted with pleasures of the field

. far But one that will stick by you on occasions, mitar.

which in Grecia and Natolia he hath fortie thousand falAnd vindicate your credit, were it sunk

Ne Paul whit his fauchon

coners; his huntsmen are not much fewer. Below all scorn, and interpose his life That wolde defende me hevene dore, dynge ich nevere so

Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. iii. c. 9.14 Betwixt you and all dangers.

Piers Plouhman, p. 272.

I have noted this fault in many of our younger brood of
Marmion. The Antiquary, Act i. sc. 1.
And on his haunch a rousty fel fauchoun.

gentry, who either for want of education in learnisz, or But still thy words at random, as before,

Chaucer. Testament of Creseide. their owne neglect of learning, have no sooner attaine 19 Argue thy inexperience what behooves From hard assaies and ill successes past

Aeneas sodenly for feare his glistring sword out tooke,

the strength of making their fist a pearch for a bawas, bet A faithful leader, not to hazard all

And as they threatning came he towards them his fauchon instructed in the words of art, they will run division Up

by the help of some bookes of fauleonty, whereby they are

shooke. Through wayes of danger by himself untried.

Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. vi. discourse of this pleasure.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv. And full as oft came Edward to my side,

Brathwait. English Gentlemas, (1685.) p. 298. Be briefe, in what thou wouldst command, that so

With purple faulchion, painted to the hilt,
In blood of those that had encountered him.

Wee find in faulconrie, sixteen hawkes or fowls that
The docile mind may soone thy precepts know,
And hold them faithfully.-Johnson.Jerace. Art of Poetry.

Shakespeare. 3 Pt. Hen. VI. Act i. sc. 4. prey.-Holland. Plinie, b. X. c. 8,
O name,
Queene Margaret saw

Our hopes, like towering falcons, aim
O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd!
ihy murd'rous faulchion smoaking in his blood :

At objects in an airy height:
The which, thou once didd'st bend against her brest,

The little pleasure of the game
Faithful to whom ? to thy rebellious crew!
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. iv.
But that thy brother's beate aside the point.

Is from afar to view the flight.
Id Rich. III. Act i, sc. 2.

Prior. To the Hon. Charles Mortaise, Ex

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FALL, v. Fall, n.

position ;


For still to be deluded so

For the children from their youth oughte to geue theim Gr. Epall-elv, which properly signifies supplanIs all the pleasures lorers know; selfe to trauayle, whereby thei ought to liue and resyste the

tare, and (met. ) evertere, to turn out, to overturn; Who, like good falconers, take delight disfauour and falles of fortune.-Golden Boke, c. 25.

and then decipere, circumvenire, to deceive or beNot in the quarry, but the flight.

The which on al parts roūd about hauing most high tray, to circumvent.
Waller. To the Mutable Fair.

rockes and steepe fallings, had left on one syde an ascent So, when a falcon skims the airy way,

gentlye rising by littel, not passing two hundred fote brode. A deception or deceit, a delusion; a guile; a Stoops from the clouds, and pounces on his prey;

Goldyng. Cæsar, fol. 62. mistake; applied to sophisms in argument, to
Dash'd on the earth the feather'd victim lies,
Expands its feeble wings, and, flutt'ring, dies.

A cause farre fetched' is this. Such a one fell out with causes of error or mistake.
P. Whitehead. The Gymnasiad, b. iii. his neighbour. Ergo, he killed him, falling out bringeth'
chyding, chyding bringeth hatred, &c.

Hauing his brother suspect in this caas
FA'LDING.) Falding, Skinner says, is a

Wilson. The Arte of Logike, fol. 44.

That by fraud, or by some fallas

He wold werke, to his distruction. FA'ldsToOL. S kind of coarse cloth, perhaps Cleon. Never varlets

Lidgate. The Story of Thebes, pt. ii. from the A. S. Feald, a fold, from Feald-an, to So triumph'd o'er an old fat man: I was famish'd. fold. Timag. Indeed you are fallen away.

For thei, by whom thig art was founde,

Massinger. The Bondman, Act iv. sc. 4. To euery poynt a certayne bounde It. Faldisto-ro; “ Fr. Fauldetueil,—a low, large,

Ordeinen, that a man maie finde,
Hot. Reuolted Mortimer?
and easie foulding chair, having both a back and

This crafte is wrought by way of kinde,
He neuer did fall off, my soueraigne leige,

So that there is no fallace in. Gower. Con. A. b. iv. elbows,” (Cotgrave.) Skinner has, faldistor, which But by the chance of warre. he derives from falde, septum, and stow, locus. It

Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. IV. Act i. sc. 3.

Here playeth master More the suttle sophister, and would is probably no more than a folding stool. (See Du Cons. Thou cold hlooded slaue

deceive men wyth a fallace, which lyeth in thys woorde, Cange in v. Faldistorium.) Hast thou not spoke like thunder on my side?

true, so that when he sayeth that such apparitions be true, Beene sworne my soul bidding me depend

thys sentence may be taken two maner of wayes. His presse ycovered with a falding red.

Frith. Workes, p. 46.
Vpon thy starres, thy fortune and thy strength,
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3212. And dost thou now fall ouer to my foes !

He says the fallacion was very pretty and notable, and He rode upon a touncie, as he couthe,

Id. K. John, Act iii. sc. 1.

tooke his penne and wrote in my booke the very wordes All in a goune of falding to the knee. Ah doe not teare away thy selfe from me ;

wherein the very controversy stode. Id. The Prologue, v. 393. For know, my loue, as easie maist thou fall

Ascham. Slate of Germany.
Dut. Uallen ; Ger. Fallen;

A drop of water in the breaking gulfe,
And take vnmingled thence that drop againe

My eares shut up that easie dore
Sw. Falla; A. S. Feall-an, ca- Without addition or diminishing,

Which did proud fallacies admit;

And vow to hear no follies more ; PA'llER. dere, decidere, ruere. Fall is As take from me thy selfe, and not me too.

Deafe to the charmes of sinne and wit. FA'lling, n. properly applied to a change of

Id. Comedy of Errors, Act ii. sc. 2.

Habington. Castara, pt. iii. place, when a body moves by its own weight from And as she fled, her mantle she did fall;

So spake the son of God, and Satan stood a higher to a lower place. It is used as equiva- Which lyon vile with bloody mouth did staine.

A while as mute, confounded what to say, lent to the Latin verbs, cadere and ruere ; and by

Id. Midsummer Night's Dreame, Act v. sc. 1.

What to reply, confuted and convinc't consequence denotes, suddenness, quickness, de- Othe.

Oh diuell, diuell;

Of his weak arguing, and fallacious drift. struction. If that the earth could teeme with woinan's teares,

Millon. Paradise Regained, b. iii Each drop she falls would proue a crocodile : To move from an upright to a flat or prostrate Out of my sight.

Id. Othello, Act iv. sc. 1.

Such an one that fallaciously pretends religion, though by from an elevated or raised, to a low,

this disguise he escape here, yet shall surely pay for it here For meeting her of late behinde the wood,

after.-Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 301. dejected, or depressed, station or condition; to Seeking sweet sauors for this hatefull foole, drop, to sink, to lower; to descend, to depress, to I did vpbraid her, and fall out with her.

In the 149 page he reasoneth thus : those which autho. deject; to drop, droop or decay; to chance, Fr.

Id. Midsummer Night's Dreame, Act iv. sc. 1.

rized the book of Common Prayer, were studious of peace,

and buylding the churche, therefore those which finde fault Cheoir, Lat. Cadere, to happen or come to pass, I pray you fall too, if you can mocke a leeke you can eate

with it are pullers downe of the churche, and disturbers of as by the motion or action of falling ;) and a leeke.-Id. Hen. V. Act v. sc. 1.

the peace, which was a sallation of the accident, when a man enerally, to happen or come to pass.

(See BE-
The hope and expectation of thy time


thinketh that every thing which is veritied of the subiect, Is ruin'd, and the soule of euery man

may be likewise verified of that which is annexed vnto it. Fall , with prepositions subjoined, has various Prophetically doe fore-thinke thy fall.

Whitgift. Defence, p. 30. (T. C.)

Id. I P. Hen. IV. Act iii. sc. 2. netaphorical and consequential usages; the force

Secondly, your minor is ambiguous, and therefore in that How did he shew his condescension to his appostles, to his respect, your argumente may be also placed in the fallacion or import of which must be collected from the disciples, who had great differences, great fallings short? of equiuocation.-Id. Ib. p. 63. context.

Goodwin. Works, vol. iv. pt. iv. p. 402.

The fillas of this colour is, first in respect of hope, which To fall away,—he, i. e. his fileshiness, has fallen Cask. He fell downe in the market-place and foam'd at is a great antidote against evills, for the reformation of a way; he is thinner. mouth, and was speechelesse.

fault is many times in our own power, but the amendment They have fallen away, or fallen off, — i. e.

Brut. 'Tis very like he hath the falling-sickness. of fortune is not.—Bacon. Learning, by G. Wals, b. vii. c. 3. nored off or away, ceased to accompany, quitted

Cassi. No, Cæsar hath it not : but you and I,
And honest Caska, we haue the falling-sickness.

Maranta enumerates forty cases in which (a negative he ranks or party; and thus, to revolt, to apo

Shakespeare. Julius Cæsar, Act i. sc. 2. ought to be proved :) and Socinus sets down eight hundred Your own notion of dignity (if you have any sense in it)

and two fallencies (that's the word of the law) concerning To fall in or into,—to coincide, to concur, to falls in with mine of substance ; for whatever expresses

the contestation of suits and actions at law. intrinsic dignity, (and not mere outward relation) expresses

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, Pref. p. 7. To fall on or upon,—to rush upon, to attack, to intrinsic dignity.-Waterland. Works, vol. iii. p. 200. the nature and substance) the seat and ground of that

Then fallible, it seems,
Of future we may deem him, though till now

Omniscient thought. Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vi. To fall off or out,—to separate from, to sever,

Tho' all we can possibly do, must needs fall infinitely O sunder, to disagree, to quarrel. short of our most perfect pattern, yet we are indispensibly

Besides, let me tell you, that decisions and anathemaobliged to be like it in our proportion, and according to our tizings have sometimes done as much hurt toward occasionFaller , n.—is used in the margin of the Bible capacity.Clarke, vol. vi. Ser. 17.

ing of breaches, as licence and acknowledgment of fallibility Doctor London, who had by his most servile flatteries in

hath done.-Hammond. Works, vol. ii. p. 508. Vor he let hym myd hors to drawe fram strete to strete,

sinuated himself into Cromwell, and was much employed in That the peces felle of ys fless aboute monye and grete.

Having mentioned the weakness and fallibleness of these the suppression of monasteries, and expressed a particular

few principles, I leave you to the farther consideration of the R. Gloucester, p. 313. zeal in removing all images and relics which had been R. had minoures, that myned vndere the walle,

abused to superstition, did now upon Cromwell's fall apply frailness, and danger of those superstructures, which shall A pece with a grete cours at ons felle doun alle. himself to Gardner, by whose means he was made a preben

be erected on any, or all of these.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 335. dary there.-Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1543. His prir.cipal and most general fallacy, is his making

R. Brunne, p. 179.
And thenne falleth the fur, on false menne houses.
And three indirect insinuations will go as far in law

essence and person to signify the same.

Waterland. Works, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 283. Piers Plouhman, p. 43.

towards the giving a downright lie, as three foils will go Mhesus seide to hise disciplis that the boot schulde kepe towards a fall in wrestling.

But here gay Folly keeps her Court, and here, Im fro the puple, lest the thristen him, for he helide

Dryden. The Duchess of York's Paper Defended. In crowds, her tributary fops appear;
anye, so that thei felden faste to him to touch him.
And therefore if any of our divines following the Remon-

Who, blindly lavish of their golden days,
Wiclif. Mark, c. 3.
strants abroad, have herein departed from the principles of

Consume them all in her fallacious ways. er thales it bihoueth me to day and to morowe and the and to endeavour to call them back again to our cia and

Pomfret. Love triumphant over Reason. ay that sueth to walke: for it fallith not a profete to

Being persuaded by trials purposely made, as well as by sound principles.-Waterland. Works, vol. v. p. 466.

the reason of the thing, of the fallaciousness of such therRest certainly tends to relax ; yet there is a species of moscopes.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 334. motion which relaxes more than rest ; a gentle oscillatory motion, a rising and falling.-Burke. Sublime & Beautiful.

It would require a long disclosure to point out to you the

many fallacies that lurk in the generality and equivocal Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2664. FA'LLACY. Fr. Fallacie ; It. Fallacia; nature of the terms " inadequate representation."

Burke. On the French Revolution. For falling n'is not but an aventure.-Id. Ib. v. 2724.

FALLA'Crous. Sp. Falacia; Lat. Fallacia,

FALLACIOUSLY. from Fallax, and this from Descartes thus, great Nature's wandring guide,
In all this worlde so wise, that can

FA'LLENCY. Fallere, to deceive. Fallere, Fallacious led philosophy aside,
Varro derives a fando, be-

Till Newton rose, in orient beauty bright
But as it falleth in auenture.-Gower, Con. A. b.i.

He rose, and brought the world's dark laws to light. FALLIBILITY. cause speech is the great

Fawkes. Will with a Wisp.
FA'LLIBLENESS. source of deception. But
When that men wenen best to sitte.

Vossius thinks Varro is him- shadow of happiness to the subject, binds faster the chains

This fallacious idea of liberty, whilst it presents a vain
Id. Prol.
Fallacion. self deceived, and prefers the of his subjection.-Burke. A Vindication of Nat. Society.




Jer. xlvi. 6.

erische out of Jerusalem.-Id. Luke, c. 13
Anon ther is a noise of peple begonne,
For jose of this, so loud and high withall,
It semed that the listes shulden fall,
Por sothly ther na's no discomfiture,

And natheless there is no man

of loue temper the measure:

But it is saide, and euer shall
Betwene two stooles is the fall,

yellow, yellowish.
s boles y awes vallom neer


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On a little enquiry, they will be found as great an impo- Yet such his task, a dismal truth,

And now thou woldest jalsly ben abonte sition as the successes they are meant to depreciate ; for Who watches o'er the bent of youth,

To love my lady, whom I love and serve, they are all either false or fallaciously applied ; or not in And while a paltry stipend earning,

And ever shal til that min hert sterve. che least to the purpose for which they are produced. He sows the richest seeds of learning,

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1144.
Burke. On a late State of the Nation. And tills their minds with proper care,

His sleightes and his infinite falsenesse
And sees them their due produce bear,
The followers of Democritus and Epicurus conceived the

Ther coude no man writen, as I gesse,

No joys, alas! his toil beguile, forms of heat, and sound, and colour, to be in the mind only,

Though that he mighte live a thousand yere;

His own lies fallow all the while, but that our senses fallaciously represented them as being

In all this world of falsenesse n'is his pere.

Lloyd. The Author's Apology. in bodies.-Reid. Enquiry, c. 6. s. 5.

Id. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,447. It should be in a university as in the empire of China, God thanke I, and in good time be it sayde, What nave we to judge of visible objects beside the eye ?

where “no husbandman is ever idle, and no land ever lies That ther n'as never man yet evil assayde yet this eye, upon their being brought nearer or placed in a fallow."Horne. Works, vol. i. Essays & Thoughts.

For gold ne silver that he to me lent, different light, may discover the fallaciousness of the notices

Ne never faishede in min herte I ment.-Id. Ib. v. 16,519. itself had given before : or on perceiving a haziness in the FALSE, v. prospect, may know its own appearances to be imperfect and

Fr. Faulx ; It. and Sp. These felons full of falsilie,

False, adj. yield to the information of others who stand in a situation

Falso; Lat. Falsus, from Haue many sithes begyled me, to discern them clearer.

False, ad.

And through her falshed her lust achined
Search. Light of Nature, vol. i. pt. ii. c. 35.

Fallere, falsum ; Gr. Spall-

Wherof I repent, and am agreued.-Id. Rom. of the Rose.

Eiv, to deceive or betray.
A. S. Fealewe. Flavus,

And yet vnto this day, men seith,
(See Fallacy.) The verb

A lapynke hath lost his feith,
FA'llow, adj.


is formed upon the past part. FA'lser.

And is the birde falsest of all.-Gower. Con. A. b. v. FA'llow, n.

To deceive, to delude, to

Whan the emperour it herde seine
FA'LLOWNESS. Dut. Vaeluwe, value; Ger.


cheat, to betray, to lie, to And knewe the falsehead of the vice, Fal, which Wachter renders, pallidus ; and says,

counterfeit, to forge ;


He saide, he wolde do justice. Id. Ib. b. i. it is spoken of the paleness of all colours, especially


make deceitful or perfidious Logike hath eke in his degree tawny, yellow, and black, as the Lat. Helvus and

offers or pretences; to elude,
Betweene the trouth and falshede

Id. Ib. b. vii. gilvus. It. Falvo; Fr. Fauve,-deep-yellow, lyon

The pleyne wordes for to shede.

to evade, to conceal; to tawny, light-dun,” (Cotgrave.) To fallow is thus


The tauerner that falsethe othes,

And litle reckes to lye, used as a verb in an old poem quoted by Hickes,

The souldyer that doth deale the battes, (Thesaurus Gram. Anglo-Sax. 232,) and some- Harald thys false erl. tho Seynt Edwarde dede lay,

And makes his foes to flye.--Drani. Horace, Sat. I. what modernized by Ellis, (Early Eng. Poets, i.89,)

Hym selue he let crouny kyng thulke sulue day
R. Gloucester, p. 354.

Dauid in Psalm 101 abhorreth soche false accusers (false to become pale, to fade.

tale bringers into the kynges eares and the wrath of God Haralde's falshede tho the pope ysey there,

shall they neuer escap.- Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 3. There beth rosis of red ble.

And per auenture me hym tolde more that soth were.
And lilie, likful for to se.

Id. p. 358.

If I translate, nonnulli sacerdotes, sundrie priestes, yee Thai faloweth neuer day no niyt.

crie oute, a corrupter, a falsarie. I should have saide, The right lawes did he loke for fals men and fikelle.

certaine priestes, or somme priesles: but I should not in any Fallow-field,—so called (says Lye) ob colorem,

R. Brunne, p. 36.

wise haue saide sundrie. on account of the colour which land newly tilled What did Jon Baliol, that Edward did auance,

Jewell. To Maister Hardinge, Oct. 1567. or turned presents.

Bot falsely, as a fole, bigan a disceyuance ?

All thei which haue receiued the gospell as the Germans, To lie fallow,—to be prepared for seed or plant ; Thorgh conseile of hise he sent into the pape,

and thei that vnder the same pretence debarre him of his

& controued aquaintise, a new falsnes did schape. not yet sown or planted; unsown, unplanted; and

false vsurped powr & money falselyer exacted, as Englonde, Id. p. 265.

fight yet ayenst him.-Joye. Exposicion of Daniell, c. 12. by further consequence, uncultivated, neglected.

With wrong all it cam, with gile salle gyuen be,

Thā he sware by his father's soule, wherby he was neuer That false traitouresse vntrewe

Dilexit Sir Adam gilerie & falste.

Id. p. 247.

forsworne, that he woulde gette it agayne, and that he Was like that falowe horse of hewe, That in the Apocalips is shewed.--Chaucer. R. of the R.

Hit ys nogt semly forsoth. in cyte ne in borw ton

wolde make yo traytours derely abye their falsnesse. That usurers oth regratours. for eny kynne geftes

Berners. Froissari. Cronycie, vol. i. e. 280. His eyen holwe, and grisly to behold, Be fraunchised for a free man, and have false name.

The next day following, earlye in the morning, ye ferHis hewe falwe, and pale as ashen cold.

Piers Piouhman, p. 43. manes vsing the like dyssemblyng & falshod y: they had Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1366.

done before,

came to our camp in great number accompanyed And ful meny fayre flus (fleece) falsliche wasshe. Whoso that bildeth his hous al of salwes,

Id. p. 161.

wyth all theyr nobles and auncient men. And pricketh his blind hors over the falwes,

Goldyng. Cæsar, fol. 92. And suffereth his wif to go seken halwes Thise tokens hauen freres taken, but I trowe that a fewe

Shall you suffer this kind of man to raygne? No, let us Is worthy to be honged on the galwes.

Folwen fully that cloth, but falslyche that vseth.

Id. Crede.

make all the speede wee may to see him crucified, and so to Id. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 6238.

shewe vnto all kinges and nations a justice done vppon one, Burning of thistles, and diligente weeding them out of

They freten (eat] vp the firste froyt, and falsliche lybbeth. that so vilely falsified his fayth.

Id. Ib.

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 143. the corne, doth not halfe so much rydde them, as when the ground is falloed and lilled for good grayne.

Thanne The to Judas. and to the Jewes seyde

As before he misreported S. Cyprian, euen so droth be now Ascham. Toxophilus. Falsnesse ich fynde in thy faire speche.-ld. Vision, p.313. likewise misreporte S. Hierome, and so shoareth vp a ruinHe (the slothfull] enters bonds and forfeits them by for

ous mater with the falsification of his doctours. The good that thow ygete, by gan al with falshede.

Jeicell. Replie to M. Hardinge, p. 251. getting the day; and asks his neighbour when his owne

Id. Ib. p. 104. field was fallowed, whether the next piece of ground be

As for Grattan, M. Hardinge knoweth he is a common longed not to himselfe.—Bp. Hall. Characterismes of Vices.

But for falshed of freres, I fele in my soule.-Id. Crede. falsifier of the doctours, and therefore his credit in suiche In the warmer countries, lands should bee broken up and To hagbyted and to bosten, and bere fuls whitnesse.

cases canno: be greale -Id. 16. p. 407. fallowes made immediately after the winter solstice or sun.

Id. Vision, p. 28. Maie wee not now allow you with favour, to take al these, stead - Holland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 19.

that ye cal fittons, lies, corruptions, and falsifeinges, home

But Saul, which is seid also Poul, was fillide with the If the climat he such as yeeldeth but little heat in sum

Hooli Goost, and biheelde in to hym and seide, a thou ful of againe vnto yourselfe ?-Id. Defence of Apology, 178. mer, and therewith many showrs of raine, where the soile

al gile and al falsnesse, thou sone of the Deuel, thou enemye And therein all the famous history also is fat and beareth a thicke greene-sord, it were better to

of al right wisnesse, thou leevuyst not to turne upsodoun the Of lason and Medæa was yritt; breake up ground and fallow in the hotest season.-Id. Ib. righful weies of the Lord.-Wiclis. Dedis, c. 13.

Her mighty charmes, her furious loving fitt,

His goodly conquest of the golden fleece,
O be thou such to me, as thou appearedst unto Magdalene; fals-witnessyng agens Jhesus that they schulden take him
And the prince of prestis & al the counseil soughten

His falsed fayth, and loue wo lighty flitt. break up the fallowes of my nature, implant me with grace,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 12. to deeth. And thei founden not, whanne many false witnessis prune mee with meet corrections, bedew me with the former and latter raine, doe what thou wilt to make me fruitfull. weren come, but at the laste, tweyne false witnessis camen,

Such one was I, my beauty was mine own; and seiden, this seide I may distrye the temple of God &

No borrow'd blush, which bankrupt beauties seek,
Bp. Hall. Cont. The Resurrection.
aftir the thridde day bilde it agen.-Id. Matthew, c. 26.

That new-found shame, a sin to us unknown;
It is my birth-day,

Th' adultrate beauty of a falsed cheek.
And I'd doe it betimes; I feele a grudging
The chief priestes and the elders, and all the councell,

Daniel. Complaint of Rosanord. Of bounty, and I would not long lye fallow. sought false witnesse agaynste Jesus for to put him to death,

What thou would'st highly, I pray thee thinke, and speake, or wish for something. but founde none. In so much, that when manye false wit

That would'st thou holily: would'st not play false,
B. Jonson. The Staple of Newes, Act i. sc. 2.

nesses came, yet founde they none. At the last came two
false witnesses, and sayde: Thys felowe sayde : I can

And yet would'st wrongly winne.
Lik one, who iu her third widowhood did profess
destroye the temple of God, and build it agayne in iii. dayes.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act i. sc. 5. Herself a nun, ty'd to retiredness,

Bible, 1551. Ib. All states are good, and they are falsly led,
So affects my Muse now a chaste fallowness.
Donne. To Ar. Rowland Woodward. And therfore every gentil wight I pray,

Who wish to be vnborne, or quickly dead.
For Goddes love as deme not that I say

Beaumont. The Anster of Metrodores. A Christian, if he will apply their rules to the spiritual Of evil entent, but that I mote reherse

Dye had she rather in tormenting griefe Georgicks, the culture of his soul, shall be able to husband Hir tales alle, al be they better or werse,

Then any should of falseness her reprove. at the better; and by their directions have a further in- Or elles falsen som of my matere.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. e. 9. sight into those fallou-grounds of his own heart, which the

Chaucer. The Milleres Prologue, v. 3176.

Such end had the kidd, for he nould warned be prophet speaks of.--Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 619.

For paramours they do but faine

Of craft, covered with simplicitie;
Genius himself (nor here let Genius frown)
To loue truely they disdaine,

And such end, perdie, does all hem remayne
Must, to ensure his vigour, be laid down,

They falsen ladies traitorously.--Id. The Rom. of the Rose. That of such falsers friendship bene fayne.
And fallow'd well. Churchill. The Journey.
He sterte him up out of the bushes thikke,

Id. Shepheard's Calendar. June.
Young kids light skipping, and the timorous fawns
And sayde: False Arcite, false traitour wicke,

Yet in this thing, which all men thought so plain, Brush through the copse and bound along the lawns; Now art thou hent, thou lovest my lady so,

And to have been accomplish'd with such care,
While in fresh pastures or on fallows gray
From whom that I haue all this peine and wo.

Their inward falsehood hidden did remain,
Lambs niinble in the wantonness of play.
And art my blood, and to my conseil sworn.

Quite from the colour that the outside bare.
Fawkes. Description of May.
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1582.

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. ii. Whereof hee soon aware,

The deliquium and faltering of our spirits, the violence Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise Each perturbation smooth'd with outward calme,

and torment of bodily pains.-Killingbeck. Ser. p. 238. (That last infirmity of noble mind) Irtificer of fraud; and was the first

To scorn delights, and live laborious days;
That practic'd falshood under saintly show,
Twice she began, and stopp'd ; again she try'd,

But the fair guerdon when we hope to find,
Deep malice to conceale, coucht with revenge.'
The faltering tongue its office still deny'd :

And think to burst out into sudden blaze,
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. iv.
At last her veil before her face she spread,

Comes the blind Fury with th' abhorred shears,
And drew a long preluding sigh, and said.

And slits the thin-spun life. Millon. Lycidas. Charles himself refutes you, you prodigy of impiety! who

Dryden. Ovid. Met. b. x. thinking that oath no light matter, chose rather by a sub

Petill. That man that loves not this day,

At his controul terfuge to avoid the force of it, or by a fallacy to elude it,

And hugs not in his arms the noble danger, than openly to violate it; and would rather salsify and cor

Despair and anguish fled the struggling soul;

May he dye fameless and forgot. rupt the oath, than manifestly forswear himself after he had Comfort came down the trembling wretch to raise,

Beaum. & Fletch, Bonduca, Act üi. sc. 2. taken it.-Id. Defence of the People of England, c. 12.

And his last faultering accents whisper'd praise.
Goldsmith. The Deserted Village,

Arabia may be happy in the death
True humility, in opposition to this false and proud ap-

Of her reviving phenix : in the breath pearance of it, consists in making, not our own will, but the

FAME, v. Lat. Fama ; Fr. Fame ; It. and

Of cool Pavonius, famous be the grove will of God, the rule of our duty.--Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 44.

FAME, n. Sp. Fama; Gr. onun, from onut, Of Tempe : while we in each other's love.

For that let us be fam'd.
To these was Allen the conjurer joined, of whom we have

paodai, to say, to speak.

Habington. Castara, pt. ii. spoken before: but Underhil soon forsook them, by reading FA'MOUS.

To speak or talk (well or ill) She that with silver springs for ever fills the Scriptures and hearing the preachers; and then, as FA'MOUSED. of; to report, to record, to ru- The shady groves, sweet meddowes, and the hills, some satisfaction to the world, he put forth a satire against

FAMOUSLY. the wickedness of these men, revealing the falsehood and

mour, to celebrate, to renown;

From whose continuall store such pooles are fed,

As in the land for seas are famoused. knavery that he was made privy to. FA'MOUSNESS. to confer or bestow-renown

Brown. The Inner Temple Masque. Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1548. or celebrity.

Marvellous piece of divinity! and well worth that the land He divers ways falsely defamed King Henry with intents

The kyng hadde eke a brother, Nenny was hys name, should pay six thousand pounds a year for, in a bishoprick; of submission (as though he had intended to submit himself

Strong knygt and hardi, and mon of gret fame.

although I read of no sophister among the Greeks that was and his realme to the Pope again) such was the bishop's

R. Gloucester, p. 48. so dear, neither Hippias nor Protagoras, nor any whom the (Gardner's) impudence.-Id. 16. Q. Mary, an. 1554.

Socratic school famously refuted without hire.

Ac thow hast famede me foule. by fore the kynge here. They that reject superstition in theory, and yet retain it

Millon. Reason of Church Government, b. i. c. 5.

Piers Plouhman, p. 49. in life, and that upon principle too, do but expose their own folly and faiseness both in one.

And his fame wente into al Syrie, and thei broughten to

Bernard Gilpin, fam'd in the North for his zeal in religion, Waterland. Works, vol. viii, p. 60. him alle that weren at mal ese.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 4.

and his care of his flock, was sent for up to court, to preach

before the King.--Strype. Memorials, an. 1552. If the Evangelists had falsified in these narratives, it is And his fame spred abrode thorow out al Siria. And they infinitely improbable, that the enemies of the Christian reli

Macrobius too relates the vision sent brought vnto hym al sycke people that were taken with gion who could so easily have convinced them of such fal- diverse diseases.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

To the great Scipio, with fam'd event; sification, should not sometime or other have objected it

Objections makes, but after makes replies,
against the truth of our religion, which yet they never did.
The fame anon thurghout the toun is born,

And adds that dreams are often prophesies.
South, vol. xi. Ser. 4.
How Alla King shal come on pilgrimage,

Drydem The Cock and the Fox.
By herbergeours that wenten him beforn.
The Macedonians also in their turn pleaded tradition for

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5417. In such base sentence if thou couch thy fear, their rejecting the Divinity of the Holy Ghost. But the

So that the name,

Speak it in whispers, least a Greek should hear. great St. Basil laid open the falsity of their pretences that

And of wisedoine the high fame,

Lives there a man so dead to fame, who dares way, and demonstrated that tradition was on the contrary side.-Waterland. Works, vol. v. p. 324. Towarde himselfe he wolde wynne.-Gower. Con. A. b. i.

To think such meanness, or the thought declares.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xxiv. There was a clerke one Lucius While impious men despise thy sage decree, A courtier, a famous man,

Since you do me the favour to desire a name from me, From vain deceit, and false philosophy;

Of euery witte some what he can.

Id. Ib. b. v. Let us its wisdom own, its blessings feel,

take that of Corinna, if you please; I mean not the lady

with whom Ovid was in love, but the famous Theban Poetess, Receive with gratitude, perform with zeal.

But bycause that Samuel shulde be famed abroad to haue who overcame Pindar five times, as historians tell us. Muson. Hymn for York Cathedral. bene promysed and borne by myracle, he was receyued of

Dryden. To Mrs. E. Thomas, Nov. 1699. The commentators on Homer apologize for the glaring Heli the hygh preste, and offered as a peculyar gyfte to God, falsehoods which Ulysses relates, by showing they are told to be more dylygently loked to.Bale. Apologie, fol. 69.

He (W. Thorne) was reputed eminent, not only for his

incomparable skill in the oriental sacred tongues by men to the Phæacians, a credulous people.

There haue been diuers sonnes of Rome, whiche beyng in unmatchable in them (worthily famoused on this side and Cambridge. The Scribleriad, (Note.)

stiiunge countreies, haue doen great profite to the comon beyond the sea), but also for other learning. We cannot, I fear, falsify the pedigree of this fierce people, welth, and no lesse famed throughout the worlde, which

Wood. Athen. Oxon. and persuade them that they are not sprung from a nation after thei were retourned to their own houses, haue spilt in whose veins the blood of freedom circulates. more bloud in innocents, than thei had done before of the

Fame is blessing only in relation to the qualities, and Burke. On Conciliation with America. Barbariens. Golden Boke, c. 13.

the persons that give it, since otherwise the tormented

prince of Devils himself were as happy as he is miserable; Extreme necessity (to do his lordship all the right we are

I answere that Master Wyclife was noted whyle he was and famousness unattended with endearing causes is a quaable) forced him upon this bold and violent falsification of the lyuynge, to be a man not onely of moste famous doctryne, lity so undesirable, that even infamy and folly can confer it. doctrine of the alliance.-Warburton. Works, vol. vii. p. 328. but also of a very syncere lyfe and connersació.

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 306. He was prepared to shew the madness of their declaration

A Boke made by John Fryth, fol. 19.

It may be fit that I should set out with reminding you, of the pretended rights of man; the childish futility of some

This is certaine and cannot be denied, but that he being that the great Earl of Chathamı began and established the of their maxims; the gross and stupid absurdity, and the the publick reader of diuinitie in the uniuersitie of Oxford fame and glory of his life upon the very cause which my palpable falsity of others.

was for the rude time wherein he liued, famously reputed unfortunate clients were engaged in, and that he left it as Burke. Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs. for a great clearke, a deepe schooleman, and no less expert an inheritance to the present minister of the crown, as the A strange uncouth thing, a theatrical figure of the opera, in all kind of philosophy.

foundation of his fame and glory after him; and his fame his head shaded with three coloured plumes, his body fan

Fox. Martyrs, p. 390. John Wickliffe, his History. and glory were accordingly raised upon it. tastically habited, strutted from the back scenes, and after

Erskine. Speech on the Trial of Hardy. a short speech, in the mock heroick falsetto of stupid

Unto this heauenly matter there was specially deputed a tragedy, delivered the gentleman who came to make the

tendre young virgin, not set forth to the world with aboun- He (Du Fresnoy) had read his poem to the best painters

daunce of riches representation, into the custody of a guard, with directions

possessions, not by famousness of name, all places through which he pass and particularly to not to lose sight of him for a moment.

not portlynesse of lyfe, ne with the other thynges whiche Albano and Guercino, then at Bologna; and he consulted Id. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 1.

this world vseth to haue in highe regarde, but endewed with several men famous for their skill in polite literature. excellent vertues of the minde, the whiche doe make a man

Mason. Life of Monsieur Du Fresnoy. FA'LTER, or

Minshew says from the acceptable in the sight of God. Udal. Luke, c. 1. Pa'ulter, v. Fr. Faulte, a fault. Skinner A mischiefe Fame, there is none else so swift;

FAMILIAR, adj. Fr. Famille, familier ; FA'ULTERING, N. refers to full, and fault. The That mouing growes, and flitting gathers force :

Fami'LIAR, n. It. Famiglia, famigliare; First small for dred, sone after climes the skies : Sp. Faltar is, to fail.

Familiary, adj. Sp. Familia, familiar;
Stayeth on earth, and hides her hed in cloudes.
To fail or fall short; to fail, (sc.) in utterance;

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.

Lat. Familiaris, from .fato hesitate.


Gr. 'Oulla, from
This wit Futelli brings a suit of love
From Levidolche, one, however mask'd

Familiarize, v.
Fooles, the whiche fauten in witt.

óuinos, an assembly, a gaIn colourable privacy, is fam'd

Piers Plouhman, p. 175.

thering; from óuos, and The Lord Adurni's pensioner, at least.


iam, a crowd, a multitude. Bestyre youre werye handes, plucke vp youre weake and

Ford. The Lady's Trial, Act i. sc. 3. follsyng knees, and runne streyght to the marke that is set


A family, before you.--Udal. Hebrues, c. 12. Mar. Why, art thou fam'd for any valour?

FA'MULATIVE, adj. Many assembled, gathered Bes. Fam'd! I, I warrant you. Whan the Emperor had ended his said recommendacions, Mar. I'me e'en heartily glad on't, I have been with thee

or collected together; under the same household, the day began to springe, and his eie strynges began to e're since thou cam'st to th' wars, and this is the first word of the same kin or kind, or lineage. breake, & his tongue faultered, and his handes shooke. that ever I heard, prethee who fames thee?

Familiar, adj.--domestic, living together, as of
Golden Boke, c. 47.
Beaum. & Fletch. King & No King, Act i. sc. 1.

one family; and thus, well known to, or acquainted How can the uncorrupt and majestic law of God, bearing D. Zan. Madam, 'tis true, that absent at Madrid, with, each other; free from, or without restraint in her hand the wages of life and death, harbour such a re- The custom of the Court, and vanity, pugnance within herself, as to require an unexempted and Embark'd me lightly in a gallantry

or ceremony; free, unceremonious, unrestrained; impartial obedience to all her decrees, either from us or With the most fum'd of beauties there, Elvira.

common, frequent, from our Mediator, and yet debase herself to faulter so

Digby. Elvira, Act v. Familiar, n. is applied to a supposed demon or many ages with circumcis'd adulteries by unclean and slubbering permissions.-Milton. Doctrine of Divorce, b. ii. c. 13. Julius Cæsar took Pompey unprovided, and laid asleep

spirit, who serves as a familiar or domestic attendhis industry and preparations, by a fame that he cunningly ant ;-to an officer of the Inquisition. Wee found in a nouke remote farre out of the way one gave out, how Cæsar's own soldiers loved him not; and souldior lying hid alone by himselfe : who being presented

Familism, fcmilist, see the quotation from being wearied with the wars, and laden with the spoils of unto our captain, faltered in his speech for feare, so that his Gaul, would forsake him as soon as he came into Italy,

Baker. words hung not together.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 114.

Bacon. Fragment of an Essay on Fame. Famuler fo, in Chaucer,-a domestic e:

milia ;



Famulate is, in the old vocabulary of Cockeram, And this he received from certain of their own familiars, Eleuen of our men, after much misery and famishment


as he called them, and their privy conveyers, but now to serve; and famulative, in Cudworth,

(which killed some of them in the way) got to Coro. repentant.-Strype. Mem. Q. Mary, an. 1553.

Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. ix. c. 3. 8. 2. serving, aiding, abetting.

We should, as learned poets use,

So shipwreck'd passengers escape to land,
Ful wel beloved, and familiar was he
Invoke th' assistance of some Muse;

So look they, when on the bare beach they stand
With frankeleins over al in his countree.
However Critics count it sillier

Dropping and cold, and their first fear scarce o'er Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 216.

Than Jugglers talking to familiar.-Hudibras, pt. i. c. 1. Expecting famine on a desert shore. This yonge monk, that was so faire of face,

Dryden. Prol. The first Day of Acting after the Fire. Acquainted was so with this goode man, All this was before his (Horace) acquaintance with Mæ

Horace had ease and plenty when he writ, Sithen that hire firste knowlege began, cenas, and his introduction into the court of Augustus, and

And free from cares for money or for meat, That in his hous as familiar was he, the familiarity of that great emperor.

Did not expect his dinner from his wit; As it possible is any friend to be.

Dryden. Origin and Progress of Satire.

'Tis true; but verse is cherish'd by the great,
Id. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 12,961.
Our blessed Lord has told us, that he and the Father are

And now none famish who deserve to eat.

Id. Threnodia Augustalis. Lo in aduersity, thilke been his foes that glosed and one; that whosoever bath seen him hath seen the Father, seemed frendes in wealth; thus arne his familiars his foes that he is in the Father, and the Father in him; and very Still mark if vice or nature prompts the deed; & his enemies : and nothing is werse ne more naughty for familiarly speaking of the Father and himself, he says, Still mark the strong temptation and the need. to annoy, than is a familiar enemy.--Id. T'est. of Loue, b. ii. we will come unto him," (that loveth Christ,) " and make On pressing want, on famine's powerful call,

our abode with him."— Waterland. Works, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 234. At least more lenicnt let thy justice fall. She [Fortune) vseth ful flattering familiaritie with hem

Langhorn. The Country Justice, pl bo that she enforceth to beguile.-Id. Boecius, b. ii.

The whole world is the house and family of God: and in

Forcibly drawn from many a close recess, this great family of the universe good angels and good men

They meet with little pity, no redress; O perilous fire, that in the bedstraw bredeth: are, by way of eminence, styled the sons of God and his first

Plung'd in the stream they lodge upon the mud, O famuler fo, that his service bedeth! born.--Clarke, vol. ii. Ser. 123.

Food for the famish'd rovers of the flood.
Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9658.
Hereby the divine creative power is made too cheap and

Cowper. Charity. I Nebucadnezar, happye and prosperous in my familie, prostituted a thing, as being famulative alwaies to brutish, FAN, v.

Fr. Van; It. Vanno; Ger. and ryche in my palace, did see a dreame so ferefull, that my and many times to unlawful lusts.

Fan, n.

Wanne ; Dut. Wanne. thoughtes in my bedde troubled my head greuously.

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 45.
Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 4.

FA'NNING, N. “ A. S. Fanne, ventilabrum, van-
But Socinianism being (as was observed) an heresy much
He called Diuitiacus vnto him, and remouinge his accus-

nus, a fanne or vanne, to winnow and clean corn too tine for the gross and thick genius of vulgar capacities, tomed interpreters, commoned with him by Caius Valerius

withall,” (Somner.) the Devil found it requisite, sometimes, to change his en

" And Hys fann ys on hys Troacillus, chiefe gouernour of the Romane Prouince in

gine, and amongst such as these, to set up his standard in handa.” " Whos wynewing tool in his hond," Gallia, his familiar friend whom he chiefly trusted vnto in familism, or enthusiasm.-South, vol. v. Ser. 3.

(Wic. Luke, iii. 17.) The Lat. Vannus is derived al thinges.—Goldyng. Cæsar, fol. 15. He saide to her in sport that ye Gods gaue him good thing has sufficiently taught us, seldom ends but in familism sius;) and means Antinomianism, as both experience and the nature of the from the Gr. Barn-elv

, to cast or throw, ( Vos aduice: and thereupon called back his familiars, and sat

Id. Ib. Any thing thrown, so as to strike, and thus, drynking till it was two houres after day light. 'Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 227. The lawn-rob'd prelate and the plain presbyter,

move the air; to blow gently; to winnow. See Ere-while that stood aloof, as shy to meet,

Winnow. This grudge was perceiued, by their mutuall frendes, Familiar mingle here, like sister streams

Upon this word in Chaucer's Manciples Prowhiche by charytable exhortacion and godly aduertisement, That some rude interposing rock had split. exhorted theim to renewe their old loue and famylyarytye,

Blair. The Grave. logue, Mr. Tyrwhitt remarks, that the thing meant and to mete and enteruieu, in some place decent and con

is the quintaine, which is called a fan or van, from uenient.-Hall. Hen. VI. an. 12.

Since we have been familiarized to the study of landscape, we hear less of what delighted our sportsmen an

its turning round like a weathercock. But ye that knowe me nerer & more familiarly, who doe cestors-a fine open country.

And strouted as a fanne large and brode. ye saie ye I am? There Peter being more ardēt and fyerie

Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. 7.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3315. then the residue, made answer in ye name of them al: we know the to be Messias, whom God hath enoincted with al Of the family of Isaac Oliver I find no certain account, Now, sweete sire, wol ye just at the fan. heauenly giftes of grace.-Udal. Luke, c. 9. nor is it of any importance; he was a genius; and they

Id. The Manciples Prologue, v. 16,991. transmit more honour by blood than they can receive. Mor. Jun. My lord, the family of the Mortimores

Id 16. vol. i. c. 7.

The king gaue our captaine at his departure a plume or

fanne of herushawes feathers died in red. Are not so poor, but, would they sell their land, Could levy men enough to anger you.-Marlow. Edw. II. FAMINE, n. Fr. Famine; It. Fame; Lat.

Hackiuyt. Voyages, vol üi. p. 308. Nor is 't inconstancie to change

Fa'mish, v. Fames; according to Perottus,

My being heere it is, that holds thee hence,

Shall I stay heere to doo't ? no, no, although For what is better, or to make

FA'MISHMENT. Απο του φαγ-ειν, because he (By searching) what before was strange,

The ayre of Paradise did fan the house,
who labours under famine, desires pay-elv, i. e. to And angels offic'd all.
Familiar, for the use's sake.
B. Jonson. Women's Inconstancie. eat.

Shakespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, Act iii. sc. 2.
Thus your aunt of Burgundy,

Hunger; a craving for food; starvation, scar- Now was the sun in western cadence low Your dutchess aunt inform'd her nephew; 80 city, dearth or want of food.

From noon; and gentle aires, due at their hour, The lesson prompted, and well conn'd, was moulded

To fan the earth now wak'd, and usher in
Into familiar dialogue, oft rehearsed,
Hit is no thing for love, thei labour thus faste

The evening cool. Millon. Par. Lost, b. x.
Till, learnt by heart, 'tis now received for truth.
Bote for fere of famyn.-Piers Plouhman, p. 139.

Nature worketh in vs all a loue to our owne counsels, the
Foru. Perkin Warbeck, Act iv. sc. 2.
Al shulde hire children sterven for famine,

contradiction of others is a fan to inflame that loue. Mel. Dost know that spirit ? 'tis a grave familiar, Nay, I wol drinke the licour of the vine,

Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, Pref. And talk'd I know not what. And have a joly wenche in every toun.

Others take this fanning (Luke, iii. 16, 17) for that disId. Lover's Melancholy, Act v. sc. 1.

Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12,385. covery which shall be made at the day of judgment, but to

me it seems clear to be in this life, whilst the corn is on the I have discovered, that a fam'd familiarity in great ones But deadly warre hath his couine

floor, as the several degrees of this comparison do show. is a note of certain usurpation on the lesse. For great and of pestilence, and of famine,

Goodwin. Works, vol. v. pt. ii. p. 144 popular men faine themselves to bee servants to others, to Of pouertee and of all wo.-Gower. Con. A. b. iii. ma those slaves to them.-B. Jonson. Discoveries.

By slow degrees he fans the gentle fire,
Moreouer the yearth itselfe, as though it were not content Till

perseverance makes the flame aspire. Intending, though it be the highest and uttermost point to nourish so wicked and vngodlie people, shal be shaken

King. Art of Love. pt. xis or Christian philosophy, to familiarise it (final resignation with yearthquakes, and so shall there be in sondry places to ourselves] between us as much as I can, and to address of the worlde, greate dearthe and famyne, because it shall

Women are armed with fans as men with swords, and

sometimes do more execution with them to the end there it in form of a letter to yourself.-Reliquiæ Wollon. p. 478. denye men theyr natural foode and sustenaunce.

Udal. Marke, c. 13.

fore that ladies may be entire mistresses of the weapon which We have descended

they bear, I have erected an academy for the training up of Somewhat (as we may term it) too familiarly

There was no bread in al the lande, for the derth was young women in the exercise of the fan, according to the From justice of our birthright, to examine

exceedynge sore : so y' the land of Egypte, and the land of most fashionable airs and motions that are now practised at The force of your allegiance,-sir, we have,Canaan, were famyshyd by reason of the derth.

court.-Spectator, No. 102. But find it short of duty.

Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 47.
Ford. Perkin Warbeck, Act ii. sc. 3.

The grateful fair the hero's worth confess'd;
To be without pestelence, warre and famishment, and all

Love found admittance in her gentle breast;
Yet it pleas'd God to make him see all the tyranny of maner other abhominable diseases & plagues pertayne to vs

His early virtues rais'd her first desire ; Rome, by discovering this which they exercis'd over divorce, as well as to them, if we keepe our temporall lawes.

His manly beauty fann'd the blameless fire. and to make him the beginner of a reformation to this whole

Tyndall. Workes, p. 206.

Hoole. Jerusalem Delivered, b. vi. kingdom, by first asserting into his familiary power the right of just divorce.-Milton. Doctrine of Divorce, b.ii. c.21. And Eliah went to shewe him selfe vnto Ahab, for there

I find little of her work (Magdalen Pas) but a very scarce

little head in my own collection, representing the Lady Cawas a great famyshment in Samaria. At this time [23 Eliz.] there arose up in Holland a certain

Bille, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 18.

therine, at that time Marchioness, afterwards Duchess, of sect, naming themselves, the Family of Love, who persuaded

Buckingham, with a feather fan. their followers, that those only who were adopted into their As when two tygers prickt with hunger's rage

Walpole. Catalogue of Engrarers, vol. v. family were elected.-Baker. Chronicle, an. 1602.

Have by good fortune found some beast's fresh spoyle, Foes to the Dryads, they remorseless fell
On which they weene their famine to asswage,

Each shrub of shade, each tree of spreading root, Such mystical, mist-all and misse-all interpreters are our And gaine a feastfull guerdon of their toile. familists in these times, by vnseasonable and vnreasonable

That woo the first glad fannings of the breeze.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 3. allegories, raysing mysts ouer the Scripture sense, which

Granger. The Sugar Cane, b. i. thereby they misse and cannot finde.

In this mood and fit, whiles they were minded to famish FANATICK, n. Fr. Fanatique; It. Fana. Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. i. c. 3. the poore bellie, behold the other lims, yea and the whole bodie besides, pined. wasted, and fel into an extreme con

Fana'tick, adj. tico; Sp. Fanatico; Lat. This was their constant way of working miracles, insosumption.-Holland. Liviva, p. 65.

FANA'TICISM. Fanaticus, a priest ; from much that the Jewish exorcists taking notice of it, they also

Fana'tiral, adj. Fanum, a temple ; then called over them that had familiar spirits, in the name of You must have patience, royall Agrippina.

Agr. I must have vengeance, first : and that were nectar

FANATICALLY. our Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus, whom Paul

applied (says Vossius) furipreaches, Acts, xix. 13.-Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Unto my famish'd spirits.-B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act iv.

FanA'TICALNESS. oso e insano, to the furious

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