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To eat that which feedeth, to take or receive With eager feeding, food doth choake the feeder.

before howe longe tyme, and also the endes of their inhabi

Shakespeare. Rich. II. Act ii. sc. I. tacyon, that they shoulde seke God, if they mygh: fele and food or nourishment; to supply, provide or give food or nourishment ; to graze, to pasture, to fos

Heav'nly stranger, please to taste

fynde hym, though he be not farre from euery one of vs.

Bible, 1551. Acts, c. 17. These bounties which our nourisher, from whom ter; to pamper, to glut.

All perfect good, unmeasur'd out, descends,

Only the intellect, withouten more, Feeders, in our dramatic writers, is a term ap- To us for food and for delight hath caus'd

That dwellede in his herte sicke and sore, plied to servants or dependants, whose great plea- The earth to yeeld ; unsavorie food perhaps

Gan faillen, whan the herte felte deth.
To spiritual natures; only this I know,

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2807. sure or business was to feed or eat. See Eaters.

That one celestial Father gives to all. That men with the bestes in feldes thei tham fedde.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. v.

And if that he may felen out of drede,
R. Brunne, p. 7.

That ye me touch or love in vilanie,
To vessels, wine she drew,

He right anon wol sleen you with the dede, & saue gour other fodes, to maynten my partie.-Id. p. 261. And into well-sew'd sacks pour'd foodie meale.

And in your youthe thus ye shulden die.
Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. ii.

Id. The Second Vonnes Tale, v. 15.623.
He gaf Godes men goodes, and nat to grete lordes
And feddeth that a fyngrede (a hungered) wher.
And all obseru'd for preseruation

All togither I was rauished, I cannot tell how, but wholy
Piers Plouhman, p. 289. Through all their foodie, and delicious fen:
With foure fierce mastifs, like one minded men.

al my passions and feelings weren loste, as it semed for the And tho that fynden me my fode. vochen saf ich trowe

time.-Id. The Testament of Loue, b. i.

Id. 10. A Hymne to Hermes.
To be wol come wan ich come.--Id. p. 77.
The father of the people open'd wide

So felingly thou spekest, sire, I alone the
And whanne thei hadden eten, Iesus seith to Symound

His stores, and all the poor with plenty fed :

As to my dome, ther is non that is here, Petir, Symound of loon louest thou me more than these ? he

Thus God's anointed God's own place supply'd,

Of eloquence that shal be thy pere, seith to him, ghe Lord thou woost that I loue thee. lesus

And fill'd the empty with his daily bread.

If that thou live. seith to him, fede thou my lambren.--Wiclif. Jon, e. 21.

Dryden. Annus Mirabilis.

Id. The Frankeleine's Prologue, v. 10,988. When they had dined Jesus sayde to Simon Peter: Simon The climate (Bæotia) not much befriended by the heavens,

For he sette of no vertu prise : Joanna louest thou me more than these? He sayde vnto him: yea Lord thou knowest that I loue thee. He sayde bitants partaking of its influence, gross freders and fat witted, for the air is thick and fougy; and consequently the inha

But as hym liketh for the while,

So feeleth he ful ofte gile, vnto hym: fede my lambs.-Bible, 1551. Ib. brawny and unthinking.--Id. Life of Plutarch.

Whan that he weneth seker to stonde.

Gower. Con. A. b. iv. O good lady (qd. I then) see now how seuen yeare passed

But as there is a sacramental feeding and a spiritual feed and more, haue I grafled and groubed a vine and with all ing; and as the spiritual is the nobler of the two, and of

For man of soule resonable the waies that I coud, I sought to a fede me of the grape, chief concern, and what the other principally or solely looks

Is to an angell resemblable,
but fruite haue I none found.
to, I conceive it will be proper to treat of this first.

And like to beast he hath feliny,
Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. i.

Waterland. Works, vol. vii. p. 101.

And like to tres he hath growyng.–1d. Ib. Prol. That he ne shal, so mote I go, With proper honds, and body also

The farmer is as pleas'd as he

For he feeleth not the power of faith, not ye working of the Get his food in laboring.

Spirite in his hart, but enterpreteth the Scriptures which
Id. Rom. of the Rose. To look upon his menial crew,
That sit around his cheerfull hearth,

speake of fayth and workes after his owne bly no reason k Lo suche is the delicacie

And bodies spent in toil renew

foolish fantasies, & not of any feeling that he hath in his Of loue, whiche my herte fedeth. Gower. Con. A. b. vi.

With wholesome food and country mirth.

hart.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 66. My father I shall you reherse,

Dryden. Horace, Epode 2.

Methinkes I heare hir speake, methinkes I see her still. Howe that my foodes ben diuerse, During th' autumnal heats th' infection grew,

Methinkes I feele hir feelingly, methinkes I know hir will. So as thei fallen in degree. Tame cattle, and the beasts of nature slew.

Gascoigne. Dan Bartảolomew of Balbe.
One feedynge is of that I see:
An other is, of that I here.

Id. Ib.
Poisoning the standing lakes, and pools impure;

Thither by harpy-footed Furies hala,
Nor was the foodful grass in fields secure.

At certain revolutions, all the damn'd
Whose neck whan Sibly sawe with startling snakes to

Id. Virgil, Georg. 3.

Are brought: and feel by turns the bitter change swelling fixt :

Were both constrain'd to wield,

or fierce extreams, extreams by change more fierce, A soppe of bread with sleepy feedes, and hony sweete Foodless, the scythe along the burthen'd field;

From beds of raging fire to starve in ice commixt

Or should we labour, while the ploughshare wounds, Their soft ethereal warmth.-Hilton. Paradise Lost, b. il. Against his throte she threw.

With steers of equal strength, th' allotted grounds :
Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. vi.
Beneath my labours how thy wondering eyes

Iach. Had I this cheeke
Therefore ye whome I haue chosen to be the kepers and Might see the sable field at once arise.

To bathe my lips vpon: this hand, whose touch, feders of my flocke must diligently take hede of all suche.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xviii.

(Whose very touch) would force the feeler's soule Udal, Matthew, c. 7.

To th' oath of loyalty. --Shakes. Cymbeline, Act i. sc. 7.

The foodless wilds
Pastours, or feeders they are not, for they feede not : doc- Pour forth their brown inhabitants. Thomson. Winter.

Mar. He endures beyond tours or teachers they are not, for they teache not.

The sufferance of a man.
Jewell. Defence, p. 637.

All the time he lived at Brecknock, which is a very poor Sap. No sigh nor groan,

town, about sixty necessitous people, truly indigent, were To witness he hath feeling. The hypocrites hath loste their more than pryncely habi- fed with meat, or served with money every Lord's day at

Massinger. The Virgin Martyr, Act v. se. I. tacions, theyr monasteries, couentes, hospitalles, prebenda- dinner time.- Nelson. Life of Bp. Bull, s. 87. ries and chaunteryes, with theyr fatte fedyng and warme couches, for yl gotten good wyl home agayne.

Walk in, walk in, (so Prudence votes)

There is not a living creature throughout the world, but

hath the sence of feeling, although it have none else. For Bale. Image, pt. i. And give poor Ball a feed of oats. Smart, Fable 11.

even oisters and the earth wormes, if a man touch them, The sute in the courte of Fraunce is longe when they liste, The sun now mounted to the noon of day,

doe evidently feele.--Holland. Plinie, b. x. c. 71. and right well they canne foode forthe the people to make Began to shoot direct his burning ray;

I have heard theym spende moche, and bringe lytell to effecte.

When with the flocks, their feeders sought the shade,

My gracious mistress often mention you,
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 132.

A venerable oak wide-spreading made.-Philips, Past. 5. When I served her as a page, and feelingly
And in the vii. plenteous yeres they made shewes &
gathered vp al the fode of the vii. plenteous yeres which

Who (politicians) e'er on wing with open throats

Relate how much the duke her site repented
Fly at debates, expresses, votes,

His hasty doom of banishment, in his rage were in the lande of Egypte & put it into ye cytyes.

Just in the manner swallows use,

Pronounc'd against you.
Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 41.
Catching the airy food of news. Green. The Spleen.

Massinger. The Bashful Lover, Act v. sc. 1. And though he fall under foot, he shall not lie,

'Tis art and toil

So the false spider, when her nets are spread,
Catching his hand for God shall straight him stay
Teaches her wondy hills with fruits to shine,

Deep ambush'd in her silent den does lie;
Nor yet his seed foodless seen for to be.-Wyatt, Ps. 37.
The pear and tasteful apple; decks with flowers

And feels far off the trembling of her thread,
And in his lappe a masse of coyne he told,
And foodful pulse the fields, that often rise,

Whose filmy cord should bind the struggling fly.
And turned upside downe, to feede his eye
Admiring to behold their furrows wave

Dryden. Annus Mirabilis. And covetous desire with his huge threasury.

With yellow corn.

Dyer. The Fleece, b. ii.

It is a long time, commonly. before men come to have a Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 7.

The democratick commonwealth is the foodful nurse of right clear sense and feeling of law and justice, and of the Then feed on thoughts, that voluntarie move

ambition.-Burke. Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs. rules of society.--Waterland. Works, vol. ix. p. 30. Harmonious numbers; as the wakeful bird Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid

FEEL, v. A. S. Felan; Dut. Voel-en ; The words of men leaving the world make usually the Tunes her nocturnal note.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iii. Feel, n. Ger. Fulen; which Wachter, deepest impressions, being spoken most feelingiy, and with

least affectation.-Bates. Dr. Thos. Jacomb's Funeral Sers. For know, whatever was created, reeds

FE'ELER. after Martinius, derives from the To be sustained and fed; of elements

FE'ELING, n. Lat. Vola, manus, the hand. This tomb, inscrib'd to gentle Parnell's name,
The grosser feeds the purer, earth the sea,

FE'ELINGLY. To have or receive sensations May speak our gratitude, but not his fame.
Earth and the sea feed air, the air those fires
Ethereal, and as lowest first the moon.

What heart but feels his sweetly-moral lay,
Id. Ib. b. v.

uch;
or feelings : restrictedly, from the sense of

That leads to truth through pleasure's flow'ry way! - To pluck and eat my fill generally, from any of the senses; to perceive, to

Goldsmith. Epitaph on Dr. Parnell. I spar'd not, for such pleasure till that hour

be sensitive or sensible, (properly, sentient,) to be At feed or fountain never had I found. Id. Ib. b.ix. percipient.

Pressing my hand with force against the table, I feel pain,

and I feel the table to be hard. The pain is a sensation of For swinish gluttony Ne'er looks to heav'n amidst his gorgeous feast,

(He) felde well that he was hoole of the fallyng euelle.

the mind, and there is nothing that resembles it in the table. But with besotted base ingratitude

R. Brunne, App. to Pref. p. cc.

The hardness is in the table, nor is there any thing resemi

bling it in the mind. Feeling is applied to both; but in a Crams, and blasphemes his feeder.

Id. Comus.
For he ghyueth lyf to alle men, and brething and alle

different sense; being a word common to the act of sensaNow servants he has kept, lusty tall feeders, thingis, and made of oon al the kynd of men to enhabite on

tion, and to that of perceiving by the sense of touch. But they have beat him and turn'd themselves away. al the face of the erthe, determynynge tymes ordeyned &

Reid. Ess. 2. c. 16. Beaum. & Fletch. The Nice Valour, Act iii. sc. 1. teermys of the dwellyng of hem, to seke God, if perauenture thei felen hym eyther fynden, though he be not fer fro ech

- Yet he (Rousseau) knew Yet, falling to my lot, this stoutly I maintain of ghou.-Wiclis. Dedis, c. 17.

How to make madness beautiful, and cast 'Gainst forests, vallies, fields, groves, rivers, pasture, plain,

O'er erring deeds and thoughts a heavenly hue And all their flatter kind (so much that do rely

Seyng he himselfe geueth lyfe and breath to all men euery Of words, like sunbeans, dazzling as they past Upon their feedings, flocks, and their fertility)

where and hathe made of one bloude all nacyons of menne, The eyes, which o'er them shed tears feelingly and fast The mountain is the king.--Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 7. for to dwell on the face of the earth, and hath assigned

Byron. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, e. &

goe to him.

FEIGN, v. Fr. Feindre; Sp. Fingir ;
It is not lawful indeed to contradict a point of History I haue red in writyng, and herde of my predecessours,

and haue seene of my neighbours, that the abundance of FE'IGNEDLY. It. Fingere; Lat. Fingere, Hannibal and Scipio contemporaries with Alexander ; but felicitee hath caused cruell enuie to bee in many.. FE'IGNEDNESS. which Scaliger (de Causs. c. in the dark recesses of antiquity, a great poet may and

Golden Boke. Fe'igner. 87) thinks is the same (de- ought to feign such things as he finds not there, if they can FE'IGNING, N.

I [Cromwell] shall pray, that that most noble Imp, the tractâ aspiratione) as pingere.

be brought to embellish that subject which he treats.

Dryden. A Discourse on Epick Poetry. Prince's Grace, your most dear Son, may succeed you to FEIGNINGLY. Est igitur fingere, exprimere

reign long, prosperously, and felicitously to God's pleasure. FEINT. imitatione veram rem ; to ex- The mind by degrees loses its natural relish of real solid

Burnet. Records, b. iii. No. 17. To Hen. VIII FE'INTISE. press the true thing by imi-truth, and is reconciled insensibly to any thing that can be

I professe
but dressed up into any feint appearance of it.-Locke.
tation.

My selfe an enemy to all other ioyes,
And, ruffled more, delighted less,

Which the most precious square of sense professes,
To portray or image, (sc.) a likeness or resem-
The busy mind does seldom go

And finde I am alone felicitate blance; to imagine or invent, contrive or pretend, To those once charming seats below;

In your deere highnesse loue.--Shakes. Lear, Act i. sc. 1. (sc.) a likeness or resemblance; and thus, to dis- But, in the breast incamp'd, prepares semble, or give or display a false appearance, a For well-bred feints and future wars.--Prior. Alma, c. 2.

And all the way as they passed along the capital, the

castle, and other temples, they besought the Gods, as many false colouring

And much she marvell'd that a youth so raw

as were presented to their eye, as many as they could conNor felt, nor feign'd at least, the oft told flames,

ceive in their minds to vouchsafe that squadron to be Ac he feynede hym somdel syk, & ney the see to be, Which, though sometimes they frown, yet rarely anger attended upon with good successe and fortunate felicitie, and He byleued at Douere, gyf neod were to flie.

dames.-Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, c. 2. soone to returne home againe in safetie, to their native R. Gloucester, p. 336.

countrie and loving parents.--Holland. Livius, p. 78.

FEIZE. To fease, or feag, says Skinner, fiagelMuche thing that ys eldore loren thorw feyntyse.

That life may be more comfortable yet,
Thoru strengthe he wann.

Id. p. 39.
lare, virgis cædere ; to the same purport, Hearne.

And all my joys refin'd, sincere and great;

I'd choose two friends, whose company would be And the othere lewis assentidea to his seyning, so that Lye ;-fese, in Chaucer, is from the A. S. FesBarnabas was drawen of them into that feynyng.

ian, fugare, to rout, to put to flight. Mr. Tyrwhitt A great advance to my felicity.--Pomfret. The Choice. Wiclif. Galathies, c. 2. takes no notice of fese, in Chaucer. Skinner

Is it because liberty in the abstract may be classed amongst She feined hire, as that she muste gon

thinks the word may be derived from the Ger. the blessings of mankind, that I am seriously to felicitate a Ther as ye wote that every wight mot nede.

Feg-en, verrere, purgare, to sweep, to cleanse madman, who has escaped from the protecting restraint and Chaucer. The Merchantes Tale, v. 9824.

away. Fuller (who writes it veze, perhaps for the wholesome darkness of his cell, on his restoration to the Ye han erred also, for ye han maked no division betwix sake of a pun) interprets it to drive away ; in the enjoyment of light and liberty?

Burke. On the French Revolution. youre counseillours; this is to sayn, betwix youre trewe dialect of the West. He and Lye are probably tendes and youre feined counseillours.

I sincerely rejoiced to hear of your advancement to the right. Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

purple, yet on these occasions I did not think myself To drive away, to rout; and thus, to beat, to warranted to break in upon you, either with my acknowAfter my young childly wit chastise, to humble.

ledgments or felicitations.
Without drede I beset it
To loue her in my best wise,
See the commentators on Shakespeare; Gif-

Anecdotes of Bp. Watson, vol. i. p. 177. To do her worship, and the seruise

ford's Ben Jonson, iv. 188; and Nares's Glossary. That this pleasure [eating! depends, not only on our being That I coud tho, by my trouth

in the possession of the sense of taste, which is different Without faining, either slouth.-Id. Dreame. Thise Sarazins were so sesid that fled was Saladyn,

from any other, but upon a particular state of the organ in And Cisare has he sesid Japht & Joppyn.

which it resides, a felicilous adaptation of the organ to the Wholie and plaine I yelde me

R. Brunne, p. 192.

object, will be confessed by any one, who may happen to Without feining or feinlise

Lore. Come, will you quarrel ? I will feize you, sirrah, have experienced that vitiation of taste which frequently To be gouerned by your emprise.-Id. Rom. of the Rose Why do you not buckle to your tooles ?

occurs in severs, when every taste is irregular, and every But yet in contrarie of their lore

B. Jonson. The Alchymist, Act v. sc. 5, one bad.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 26. There is nothyng thei louen more,

Aia. And a be proud with me I'le phese his pride; let me Is that faith and obedience, which constitute us the disSo that feynyng of light thei werke The dedes, whiche are inwarde derke.

Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress. Act ii. sc. 3. ciples of Christ, less uniformly productive of good ? did faith

ever violate civil peace; or obedience impair domestic Gower. Con. A. b. i. Bishop Turbervil recovered some lost lands, which Bishop felicity.Warburton. Works, vol. ix. Ser. 1. But ye pretended but a feigned reuerence towardes John, Voysey had vezed, (driven away, in the dialect of the West.)

Fuller. Worthies of England. Dorcet-shire, p. 312. Bartholomew Dandridge, son of a house painter, had great those witnesse cocerning me ye do not belieue, and ye doe hew your selues to regarde the saiynges of the prophetes

business from his felicity in taking a likeness.

FELANDER. See FILANDER. 15. seignedly, in that ye do now persecute him whom they

Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. 3. ale promised.-Udai. John, c. 5. FELE. Goth. Filu ; A. S. Fela ; Ger. Viel ;

FELL. “Wherever you fare by frith or by fell," Meaning that they were so naught, and so fainedly made

Dut. Veel, many.
An old word found in all the

occurs (says Skinner) in Juliana Barns : sive per heir praier to false Gods, without mind to amend their northern tongues, and having (the etymologists sylvam, sive per campum. Fell is felled, field. la ughtie life, that the liuing God would not leaue them vn- observe) an affinity with the Gr. Honus. R. of unished, though they cried out neuer so fast. Wilson. The Arle of Rhetorique, p. 202. Gloucester, as Dr. Jamieson notices, writes it,

The sylvans that about the neighbouring woods did dwell,

Both in the tufty frith, and in the mossy fell,
Vale. See Feil, in Jamieson.

Forsook their gloomy bowers.-Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s.17. King Ethelred required peace with the Danes, promising o them stipendes and tribute; to the which they fainingly

And nowe so fele shippes this yeere there ware, $sented, but they never left their cruelties. That moch losse for vnfreyght they bare.

FELL. Sw. Fiaell; Ger. Fels. Ray (Gloss. Stow. West Sarons, an. 1011.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 201. Northan.) explains Fell, mons, a mountain; and Why? Lucill lyude who euer vsde,

FELICITATE, v. Fr. Féliciter ; It. Feli- refers to the Scholiast upon Aristophanes. Ihre all fayners to detecte

Felicitate, adj. citare; Sp. Felicitar; from and Wachter both refer to DEXELS, (in Suidas,) With satyres sharpe, and quippies rounde,

FelicitA'TION, the Lat. Felix, Vossius h. e. TOTOL TTET Pwders, loca petrosa, montana: and Or deth he neuer rackt. --Drunt. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 1.

Felicitous.

is inclined to adopt the the former says, that both perders and (in HeHe stayd his steed for humble miser's sake,

FelicitOUSLY. opinion of Becman, that sychius) parai, montes et speculæ, seem to be of And badd tell on the tenor of his playnt : Who feigning then in every limb to quake

Felicity.

Felix is from the Gr. Hng, the same family with fell. The Sw. Fiaell ( Ihre) Through inward feare, and seeming pale and faynt, which signifies generally Ætas, though commonly is properly, Å ridge of mountains or rocks. With piteous mone his percing speach gan paynt. restricted to ætas forens belloque apta; quâ ra- May it not be Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. ii. c. 1. tione, felix proprie sit, qui vegetæ est ætatis,

A fall, a descent, a declivity ? Only the bishop had power left him of the remitting of corpore animoque valens; blooming age, and fit bis severity, if he saw them by humility, and teares, and

So may our ewes receive the mounting rammes; for war; wherefore, felix may properly be applied atience, and alms-deeds, demonstrate their conversion to

And wee bring thee the earliest of our lambes: € sincere, not feigned.-Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 453.

to him who is of vigorous age, strong in body and So may the first of all our sells be thine,
mind. Felicity is used as equivalent to-

And both the beestning of our goats and kine,
Out of a love and desire, to sequester a man's selfe, for a

As thou our folds dost still secure. righer conversation : such' as is found, to have been falsely Good fortune, good hap, happiness; good suc

B. Jonson. Pan's Anniversarie, Hymn 4. and fainedly, in some of the heatheri ; as Epimenides the

cess, prosperity. andian, Numa the Roman, Empedocles the Sicilian, and

On a nearer approach appeared, farmers and their families,

To felicitate,—to confer happiness or cause to Ippollonius of Tyana. -Bacon. Ess. Of Friendship.

esquires and their daughters, hastening up from the dales, be happy; and also, to congratulate upon any and down the fells from every quarter, glittering in the sun, A poet is that, which by the Greeks is call'd kat' efoxny, happiness or good fortune.

and pressing forward to join the throng.

Gray. Letters. To Dr. Warton. Fointre, a maker or a fainer : his art, an art of imitation, In that citty virtue shall never cease, faining; expressing the life of man in fit measure, members, and harmony, according to Aristotle : from the word And felicity no soule shall misse,

FELL, adj. A.S. Felle ; Dut. Fel; Fr. Felle, Foceiv, which signifies to make, or fayne,

Magnifying the name of the Kinge of Blisse.

R. Gloucester, App. p. 584. Fell, n. felon; It. Fello, fellon. The A. S.
B. Jonson. Discoveries.
For certes, lord, so wel us liketh you

Fe'LLNESS. Felle, Somner says, is Crudelis, And these three voices differ, as the thing done, the And all your werke, and ever have don, that we

FE'LLON.

cruel, fell; it. bilis, gall, anger, doing, and the doer; the thing fained, the faining, and the Ne couden not ourself devisen how fainer : so the poeme, the poesy, and the poet.-Id. Ib.

Fe'lly, ad.

The

choler, melancholinesse. We mighten live in more felicitee. Picture tooke her faining from poetry: from geometry

Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 7985. Lat. Fel, Vossius thinks, is from the Gr. Xoan, x her rule, compasse, lines, proportion, and whole symmetry.

into f. It is used as the-
And of this constillation
Id. ib. The very operation

“ Fr. Felle,cruel, fierce, furious, untractable,
Auaileth, if a man therin
But of truth and sincerity.
The church is not the school of feignednesse and hypocricy,

outragious,” (Cotgrave.)
The purpose of his werke begin.

Fellon,—so called from the fierceness, the
For than he hath of propertee
Translation of Beza's Sermon, p. 39.
Harper
Good spede and great felicitee.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

keenness, of the pain,” (Skinner.)

5 G 777

5

VOLI

5

The parties wer so felle altercand on ilk side,
But nightingales a full great rout

Hickes (Gram. Anglo-Sar. p. 6.) from the A.S. That non the soth couth telle, whidir pes or werre sulde That flyen over his head about tide,

The leaves felden as they flyen.—Chaucer. R. of the Rose. Folg-ian, filig-ean, to follow : and in this etymo. Bot God that is of myght, & may help whan he wille.

logy, Minshew, Skinner, and Serenius are unaniR. Brunne, p. 314. And as the clerke Ouide telleth,

mous. Ihre (in v. Fulage) is uncertain. Fellow, The great trees to grounde he felleth,

then, (lit.) is Thanne is flesshe a fell wynde. in flouryng time

With strength of his owne might, Thorgh licherie and lustes. so loude he gynneth blowe. And made an huge fire vpright,

A follower; a companion, an associate; one Piers Plouhman, p. 306. And lepte hym selfe therin at ones,

with whom others match or mate, suit or pair, And brent himself both fieshe and bones.

unite or consort. And to fellow, is For the wisdom of this world is foli anentes God, for it is

Gower. Con. A. b. ii. written I schal catche wise men in her fel wisdom.

To match or mate, to pair.
Wiclif. 1 Corynth. c. 3. But so soone as the Russians had felled the woods and Fellow is much used prefixed.

had built townes and villages in their place, the said pension
Ther n'is ywis no serpent so cruel,
ceased together with the trees which were cut down.

To hys felares he wende anon, & bad hem hardi be; Whan man tredeth on his tail, ne hall so fel,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 225. So that the Brytones were yp the poynt to flie. As woman is, whan she hath caught an ire;

R. Gloucester, p. 63. Very vengeance is than hire desire.

Yet did he [January] quake and quiver like to quell,
Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7584. And blowe his nayles to warme them if he may;

The barons & the kyng were mad felauhes & frendes,
For they were numb'd with holding all the day

Asoiled & alle on euen.

R. Brunne, p. 211. For me fortune so felly list dispose An hatchet keene, with which he felled wood,

Haluendale asked Philip, as for first conant,
My harme is hid, that I dare not disclose.

And from the trees did lop the needlesse spray.
Id. The Floure of Curlesie.

& for selawschip of Cipres conquerand. Id. p. 186.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, c. 7. Oj Mutabilitie. Stormes riefest rende the sturdy stoute pine apple tree, For as most of them were felled and strucken starke dead,

Bothe faith and hus felawe spes folweden faste after. Of lofty ruing towers the falles the feller be, either with the bodies of the trees, or broken arms and

Piers Plouhman, p. $25. Most fers doth lightning light, were furthest we do see boughes ; so the rest of the multitude, affrighted with this The hilles the valley to forsake, unexpected and unhappie accident, were killed by the

That ich ne shal folwie. thy felaushupe yf fortune lyke. Incertaine Auctors. The Golden Meane.

Id. p. 195. Gaules that beset all the streights and passages of the wood.

Holland. Livius, p. 490. O Joue, whiche bothe canst eke and ease,

And seyen, if we hadden ben in the daies of oure fadris, al dolour and all teene. Two high brow'd rockes on eyther side begin,

we schulden not have be her felouis in the blood of profetis, Rue on my chylde (the mother crieth) As with an arch to close the valley in,

Wiclif. Matthese, c. 23. who nowe fiue weekes hathe bene, Upon their rugged fronts short writhen oakes

If we sein that we han felauschip with him, and we With feuer quartayne, felly toste

Untouch'd of any seller's banefull stroakes.

wandren in derknessis, we lien and doen not treuthe; but Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 3.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. s. 3. if we walkin in ligt as also he is in ligt we han felarship The kyng loked felly on theym, for greatly he hated the Thus you will have a copse, ready for a felling within

togidre, and the blood of Iesu Crist his sone clensith us fro people of Calys for the gret damages and dyspleasures they eight years.-Evelyn. Sylva. of the Chestnut.

al synne.--Id. I Jon, c. 1. had done him on the see before. Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 146.

And looking underneath the sun

So wel they loved, as olde bokes sain,

That whan that on was ded, sothly to telle,
He [Theseus] saw proud Arcite and fierce Palamon,
O let him far be banished away,
In mortal battel doubling blow on blow:

His felaw wente and sought him doune in helle.
And in his stead let Love for ever dwell!
Like lightning flam'd their fauchions to and fro,

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1202.
Sweete Love, that doth his golden wings embay
And shot a dreadful gleam, so strong they strook,

Hast thou not herd (quod Nicholas) also
In blessed nectar and pure pleasures well
There seem'd less force required to fell an oak.

The sorwe of Noe with his felarship,
Untroubled of vile feare or bitter fell.

Dryden. Palamon & Arcite, b. i.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 11.

Or that he might get his wif to ship?
FELL, n. A. S. Fell; Goth. Fill ; Dut. Vel;

Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 3539. The she-beare, a most fell, savage, and cruell beast,

which Junius derives from the Lat. Pellis, a skin He had a felove bacheler, bringeth forth her young whelps, withoute forme or fashion,

Whiche was his priuie councylor, unknit and unjoynted, having no distinct limbs or members or hide; and pellis from the Gr. peldos, the bark

And Thaliart by name he hight.-Gouer. Con. A. b. viü. to be seene.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 179.

or hide of a tree; observing that the A. S. Fell
A feller grief
was also so applied.

And thus the tresour of the kynge
Than ever skilful hand did give relief
The skin or hide.

Thei trusse, and muche other thynge,

And with a certaine felowship Dwells on my soul, and may be heal'd by you,

Thei fled, and went away by ship.

Id. Tb. b. i. Fair beauteous virgin.

And said: he and al his skinne atones Beaum. & Fletch. The Faithful Shepherdess, Act ii. sc. 1. Were worthy to be brent both fell and bones.

The body was felow and partener with the soule in comm.

Chaucer. Troilus, b. i. mitting the crime and sinne, and shall also be partaker of It is neither a rich patrician's shooe that cureth the gout in the feet, nor a costly and precious ring that healeth the

In this xxiiii. yere, the kyng, for ye great warre that he

the glory, which is prepared for them that love God. whitlaw or felon in the fingers; nor yet a princely diadem had with the Frenshe kynge and ellys where comaūded a

Frith. Workes, p. 19. that easeth the headach.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 120.

new subsydie to be leuyed vpon al ye sarplers of wolle goynge
out of Englande with all fellys and hydes in lyke maner.

Where, thoughe they had offended, youe shulde haue disLike as a curre doth felly bite and tear

Fabyan, an. 1296.

symuled and wynked at it, to the intent that that, which we

yet reteigne under the forme of a felloulike lyuynge, should The stone, which passed straunger at him threw.

And after she shuld be made sitte on a fell with woolle, not be tourned unto hostylytie and enmitye.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8.
that shee might learne, what she ought to do at home.

Nicolls. Thucidides, fol. 82. He was neither given to greedie extortion or over-fiercely

Vives. The Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 2.

Haue ye seen any thyng more low or basse in Forldely and felly bent, or hotly set upon doing mischief.

God sendeth her in season a goodly faire feruent feuer, acceptacion, any thing more poorer, more meke, more feistre Holland. Ammianus, p. 49. that maketh her bones to rattle, & wasteth away her wanton lyke with the people, and more ferther remoued fro all lykeAls when his brother saw the red blood rayle

flesh, & beautyfieth her faire fell wyth the coloure of a kite's nesse of a kyngdome.-Udal. Luke, c. 24. Adowne so fast, and all his armour steepe, claw.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1149.

But Artabasus with those of who he had ye charge, & with For very felnesse lowd he gan to weep.

Macb. The time has beene, my senses would have cool'd the Greeke souldiers, tooke the way towardes Parthina,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 8.
To heare a night-shrieke, and my fell of haire

thinkyng to be more sure any where then in the felowakip

Would at a dismall treatise rowze and stirre The same wild beast, notwithstanding they be always

of those traitours.-Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 132. raging, yet become mild and leave off all their outrageous As life were in't.--Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act v. sc. 5.

-Thou coactine art, felnesse for the space of those seven ceremonious holy days,

A prince is the pastor of the people. Hee ought to sheere, And fellow'st nothing.--Shakes. Winter's Tale, Act 1. sc. 2 wherein the priests at Memphis celebrate the nativitie of

not to flea his sheep; to take their fleeces, not their fels. Apis.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 212.

B. Jonson. Discoveries. Let me rather be disliked for not being a beast, then be
Fell Arcite like an angry tyger far'd,
And like a lion Palamon appear'd.

FELLOE., A. S. Fælge. The iron wherewith good-fellowed with a hug, for being one.
Dryden. Palamon & Arcite, b. ii. the cart-wheel is bound, says Somner. Ger.

And Hipothebs, whose wel-built wals, are rare, and fel-
Felge; Dut. Velge, flexura, curvatura. Ger. Fel-
Inrag'd at first, he scorn'd so weak a jail,

lowless.-Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. ii. And leapt, and fiew, and flounced to and fro;

gen; Dut. Velgen ; A. S. Wealow-ian, volvere. But when he found that nothing could avail,

Holy Gonzallo, honourable man,
And the facion of the wheeles was like the facion of a Mine eyes ev'n sociable to the shew of thine
He set him felly down and gnaw'd his bitter nail,
Thomson. The Castle of Indolence.

charet wheele, their axeltrees, and their naues and their Fall fellowly drops.-Shakespeare. Tempesi, Act v.se. I.

felloes, and their spokes were all molten. FELL, v.

She, proude of that new honour, which they redde

Bible, 1553. 1 Kings, vii. 33.
A.S. Fyllan, gefyllan; Dut.

And of their lovely fellowship full glade,
Fe'LLER. Vellen; Ger. Faellen; Sw. Fælla; Out, out, thou strumpet-fortune, all you Gods,

Daunst lively, and her face did with a lawrell shade. Fe'LLING, n. to cause to fall. In generall synod take away her power :

Spenser. Paerie Queene, B. iii. c. 10. Breake all the spokes and fellies from the wheele, To fall or cause to fall; to strike, throw, or And boule the round naue down the hill of heauen,

Of fellowship I speak, hurl down; to knock down; to hew down.

As low as to the Fiends.-Shakes. Hamlet, Act ii. sc. 2.

Such as I seek, fit to participate

All rational delight, wherein the brute
For he and Tytus ys sone of oure Lord vnderstoode,
FE'LLOW, v.

Cannot be human consort.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b, võii.

Spelman (in v. Felagus)
Fourti ger aftur that he deide on the rode,
And wende to Jerusalem and that toun felde to grounde.
Fe'llow, n. says, from the Sax. Fe, i. e.

I must also add, that if the last Æneid shine amongst its
R. Gloucester, p. 70.

FE'LLOW-LESS. fides, and lag, ligatus ; hence fellows, it is owing to the commands of Sir William Trum

FE'LLOWLY. The burgeis of London were wrothe & stoute,

the Anglo-Normans, changing ball

, one of the principal Secretaries of State, who recom& said thei suld fond to felle Knoute's pride.

FE'LLOWSHIP. (according to their custom) mended it, as his favourite, to my care ; and for his suke R. Brunne, p. 48.9 into w, pronounced it Felawe : and we, fellow. particularly I have made it mine.

Dryden. Postscript to Virgil. And he quotes a passage from the laws of Edward Maple, thorn, beche, ew, whipultre, the Confessor, in which the Low Lat. Felagus ejus, any appetite or sense be natural,

the sense of fellowship is

If eating and drinking be natural, herding is so too. !! How they were feld, shal not be told for me. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2927. is interpreted, fide cum eo ligatus.

the same.-Shaftesbury. Ess. on Freedom, &c. s. 2.

Feltham, pt. i. Res. 84.

}

And oft I wish, amidst the scene to find

Notorious felons, and which openly be of euil name, & If Lord Balmerino, in the last rebellion, had driven off Some spot to real happiness consign'd,

will not put themselues in enquests concerning the felonies the cattle of twenty clans, I should have thought it would Where my worn soul, each wand'ring hope at rest,

that men shal lay to their charge before the justices at the have been a scandalous and low juggle, utterly unworthy of May gather bliss, to see my fellows blest.

king's suite, shall be sent backe to strong and hard impri- the manliness of an English judicature, to have tried him Goldsmith. The Traveller. sonment, as they which refuse to be iustified by the common for felony as a stealer of cows. As we must give away some natural liberty to enjoy civil lawe of the land.--Rastali. Statutes, p. 170. Felonie.

Burke. Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol, advantages ; so we must sacrifice some civil liberties, for the He ask'd the waves, and ask'd the felon winds

Felony, in the general acceptation of our English law, advantages to be derived from the communion and fellow

What hard mishap hath doom'd this gentle swain. comprises every species of crime, which occasioned at comship of a great empire.

Milton. Lycidas.

mon law the forfeiture of land and goods. Burke. Speech on Conciliation with America.

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 7.

Else, O thievish night, FE'LON, n. Skinner says, either from Why shouldst thou, but for some selonious end,

FELT, v. A.S. Felt ; Dut. Vilt; Ger. Filz ; Fe'lon, adj. the A. S. Felle; Fr. Fellon ; In thy dark lantern thus close up the stars,

Felt, n.

Fr. Feultre, feutre; It. Feltro; Sp. That nature hung in heav'n, and fild their lamps FELONIOUS. It. Fellone, crudelis, cruel, fell; With everlasting oil, to give due light

Fe'ltre, v. Fieltro; Low Lat. Feltrum. WachFelONIOUSLY. or from feah, beneficium, sti. To the misled and lonely traveller ?

Id. Comus. Fe'tre, n. ter says, it may be derived either Fe'lonous. pendium; and Ger. Lon, pre

from the Gr. Nilouv, arctare, densare, lanam cogere, Fe'lony,

The wicked rable (I say) and offscouring of the base mul-
tium, (sc.) the crime that is
titude (not to be reckoned) coinmitted such fellonious out-

or from the Lat. Villus or villosus.

Skinner sugpunished by loss or forfeiture of the fee. Hickes

rages, as forced men to naile up covers and cases before gests to full, (qv.) Spelman calls it Pannus cras(Gram. Franco Theo. p. 95) is of the former these faire lights and beautiful prospects.

sior ex pilis, proprie coactus, non textus; and see opinion; and Spelman favours the latter : accord

Holland. Plinie, b. xix. c. 4.

the quotation from Holland's Pliny. The word is ing to Hickes, the forfeiture of the fee was an An argument much like this in substance. No man probably a mere consequential usage of fell,incidental punishment, adjudged to the felness, ought to rise up against an honest officer or captaine in the A hide, or skin; a covering. cruelty or atrociousness of the crime. According due execution of his office, when he offers him no injury at

Therefore he ought not in conscience to resist him The poorer sort do line their clothes with cotto cloth which to Spelman, this forfeiture was the cause of the when he turnes a theefe or murtherer, and felloniously is made of the finest wooll they can pick out, & of the courser imposition of the name upon the crime so pu- assaults him, to rob him of his purse, or to cut his throate. part of the said wooll, they make fell to couer their houses nished. Vossius (de Vitiis, p. 202) proposes the Prynne. Treachery and Disloyalty, &c. pt. iii. p. 84. and their chests, and for their bedding also.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 98. Ger. Faelen, vel feelen, errare, delinquere, cadere ; Yet she was of such grace and vertuous might, this etymology is noticed by Spelman, and re- That her commaundment he could not withstand,

They make also of the said felt couerings for their stooles, jected by Wachter; quia non explet mensuram

But bit his lip for felonous despight,

and caps to defende their heads from the weather.-Id. Ib.

And gnasht his yron tuskes at that displeasing sight. criminis. The common usage among our older

Xenophanes saith, that the moon is a thick, compact, and

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 10. felted cloud.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 179. writers, as well as amongst the French, confirms

When, suddenly casting aside his view, the opinion of Hickes. He spide his foe with felonous intent,

Or els verily as Anaxagoras affirmeth, by reason of violent "Fr. Fellonnie,-felness, curstness, despightful- And fervent eyes to his destruction bent.

winds getting close within the ground below; which when ness, ire, anger; untractableness, cruelty, un

Id. Virgil's Gnat.

they happen to hit and beat upon the sides thereof, hard

baked or felted together, finding no way of issue, shake mercifulness, outragiousness; also, disobedience ; Sir, I arrest you at your country's suit,

those parts of the earth at which they entred when they were treachery, treason; any such hainous falshood or Who, as a debt to her, requires the fruit

moist.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 89. offence, committed by a vassal against his lord, or

of that rich stock, which she by nature's hand
Gave you in trust, to th' use of this whole land;

It were a delicate stratagem, to shoo by a subject against his soveraign, whereby he Next she indites you of a felony

A troope of horse with felt.--Shakes. Lear, Act iv. sc. 6. loses, or is worthy to lose, his estate,” (Cotgrave.) For stealing what was her propriety,

Moreover, wool of itselfe driven together into a felt withAnd see the quotation from Blackstone.

Yourself, from hence.-Carew. To Master W. Montague.

out spinning or weaving, serveth to make garments with: Vor al that the felon hath, the kinges it is. The gentlemen, and other commons of the kingdome (Lana et per se coactam restem faciunt,) and if vinegre be

used in the working thereof, such felts are of good proof to R.Gloucester, p. 471. might haue thought their ancient libertie, and the clemencie of the lawes of England inuaded, if the will in any case of

bere off the edge and point of the sword, yea and more than He bythoughte him of feloyne, and lette him arme there. felonie should be made the deed.-Bacon. Hen. VIII. p. 65.

that, they will checke the force of the fire. Mid armes of Brytones, as he of this lond were.--Id. p. 63.

Holland. Plinie, b. viii. c. 48.
But he the king of heaven, obscure on high,

His feltred locks, that on his bosom fell,
In the courte of France he was cald a feloun.
Bar'd his red arm, and launching from the sky

On rugged mountains briars and thorns resemble.
R. Brunne, p. 206. His writhen bolt, not shaking empty stoke,

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bullogne, b. iv. s. 7. Now the bode is gon to France Arthure is dede,

Down to the deep abyss the naming felon strook. And somond har thie Jon, to Philip courte him dede,

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. vi.

They put things call'd executorships upon me,

The charge of orphans, little senseless creatures, To tak his jugement of that felone. Id. p. 207. For courtesies, though undeserv'd and great,

Whom in their childhoods I bound forth to felt-makers, No gratitude in felon minds beget; For thauh the fader be a frankelayne. and for a felon be

To make 'em lose, and work away their gentry. As tribute to his wit, the churl receives the treat. hanged.

Beaum. & Fletch. Wit at several Weapons, Act i. sc. 1.

Id. The Hind and the Panther.
The heritage that the air sholde have ys at the kynges

FELU'CCA.
Nor outward tempest, nor corrosive time,

It. Filucca. wille.

“ Fr. Falouque,Piers Plouhman, p. 178. Naught but the selon undermining hand,

which Cotgrave calls, “ a barge, or a kind of barge. Ful ofte hath he drede Of dark corruption can its frame dissolve,

like boat, that hath some five or six oars on a That fals folke fetche away. felonliche hus godes.

And lay the toil of ages in the dust.---Thomson. Liberty.

side.” Id. p. 214.

“ Falcatoria,” says Du Cange, a species For daungere, that is so feloun

In thy felonious heart though venom lies

of ship; perhaps the same with our felouque or Felly purposeth thee to werrey

It does but touch thy Irish pen and dies.

falouque.Which is full cruel the soth to sey.

Dryden. To Sir Robert Howard.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Naples, 1645. Having well satisfied our curiosity among The next accusation is particular to me, -"That I the these Antiquities, we retir'd to our felucca, which rowed us And moreover, certes pride is gretly notified in holding of said would falsely and feloniously have robbed Nat. back againe towards Piazzolo, at the very place of St. Paule's gret meinie, when thei ben of litel profite or of right no Lee, of his share in the representation of Oedipus."

landing.--Evelyn. Memoirs. profite, and namely whan that meinie is felonous and da

Id. Vindication of the Duke of Guise. mageous to the peple by hardinesse of high lordeship, or by

Letters from Genoa of the 14th instant, (April, 1709) say, way of office.-Id. The Persones Tale.

Lord Hyde. We are to look to that which is according that a felucca was arrived there in five days from Marseilles Ther saw I first the derke imagining

to law; the goods of a man that is accused of felony (he is with an account that the people of that city had made an

but only so yet) he forfeits none of his goods, until convict; | insurrection by reason of the scarcity of provisions. Of felonie, and alle the compassing: more than that, he is to live upon them during his trial.

Taller, No. 6. Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1998.

State Trials, an. 1664. Col. Turner & Others. Though I no death to the deserue,

FEMALE, n. Fr. Femelle, féminin; It. FeHere shall I for thy loue sterue,

The fact is the same in all, the death of the man is the FE'MALE, adj. mina, feminina ; Lat. Femina, Here shall I a kyng's sonne die imputed crime: but the intention makes all the difference ;

FE'MINE. For loue, and for no felonie. and he who killed him is pronounced a murderer,-a single

which Scaliger derives from Id. Ib. b. iv.

Fe'MININE, n. Fatus, and fætus from POITAV, Whā he [Tanner) had thus contynued a season, not with-felon, or only an unfortunate man, as the circumstances by out some rumoure in the lande, lastelye he was takyn out

which his mind is deciphered to the jury show it to have FE'MININE, adj. coire ; Vossius, from the an

been cankered by deliberate wickedness or stirred up by of that place and caryed as a felon vnto Northampton, and

FE'MINAL. cient Lat. Feo, fetum, of the sudden passions. there reygned and iudged for his falsenes and soo drawen

FEMINA'lity.

Erskine. Speech on the Trial of Lord George Gordon. and hangyd.--Fabyan, vol. ii. an. 1315.

same meaning, i. e. coire, co

FE'MINATE. pulare, and therefore, gignere,
Then like a woolfe most vehemente
Yes, Leila sleeps beneath the wave,

FEMINITY.
But his shall be a redder grave;

parere; and thus, femina, that agaynst him, and his foo

FE'MINIZE.
Her spirit pointed well the steel
Incens'd, with fellon fasting face

which beareth, which bringhe flings, and fayreth so,

Which taught the felon heart to feel.-Byron. The Giaour. FE'ME-COVERT. eth forth. And Female, wheThe councter captaines standerd straighte

There could therefore be no doubt of his (Damaree) pur- | ther animal or vegetable, he swayed to the ground. Drant. Horace. Epistle to Julius Plorus.

pose and intention, nor any great doubt that the perpetration That which bringeth forth, which produceth,

of such purpose was from its generality, high treason, if which beareth offspring,—young of its own species They sayd it was falsely and felonously done, to assemble perpetrated by such a force, as distinguishes a felonious riot he rychesse of the realme, and to sende it into other strauge from a treasonable levying of war.

or kind. ontreys wherby the realme was greatly impouerysshed.

Erskine. Speech on the Trial of Lord George Gordon. For Feme-covert, see the quotation from BlackBerners, Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 94.

stone, and CoverTURE.

They declared it to be high treason to dispute the queen's And so the said jury hathe sworn vpon the holy Euan-authority, to deny that the parliament was competent to I sawe perpetually ystalled elist, yt the sayde William Horsey, clercke, Charles Joseph, confine and limit the succession, and, finally, to render A femine creature, nd John Spaldynge, of their set malice then, & their, felo- attempts to introduce a system, different from that which That neuer formed by nature yously kylied & murthered the sayde Richard Hun, in the they had established by the laws, seloniously penal.

Was such another thing I saye. laner and forme abouesayde.-Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 6.

Pitt. Speech, Nocember 17, 1795.

Chaucer. Book of Fame, b. til.

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}

O Soudannesse, rote of iniquitee,
The which with pleasure so did her enthral,

The farre-fam'de fen-affecter (seeing him) said ; Virago, thou Semyramme the second,

That for ought else she had but little care,

Ho? stranger? what are you? and whence, that tred Of serpent under femininitee, For wealth, or fame, or honour feminal,

This shore of ours ! who brought you forth ? replie, Like to the serpent depe in helle ybound. Or gentle love, sole king of pleasures natural.

What truth may witnesse, lest I finde, fou lie. Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4780.

West. On the Abuse of Travelling.

Chapman. Homer. Batrachomyouschis, The males go with the female, But nothing will be found of such extensive use for sup

Come! by whatever sacred name disguis'd, And so began there a quarele plying the deficiences of Chaucer's metre, as the pronun

See Nature's richest plains to putrid fens Betwene loue and hire owne herte.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv. ciation of the e feminine, and as that pronunciation has been

Turn'd by thy fury. Thomson. Liberty, pt. i. As soon as the man looked upon the femall of his kinde, for a long time totally antiquated, it may be proper here to Quicken'd with fire below, your monsters breed he began to loue aboue all things, and saide: Now is this suggest some reasons for believing (independently of any In fenny Holland, and in fruitful Tweed, bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. arguments to be drawn from the practice of Chaucer him

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther. Vives. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. ii. c. 2. self) that the final e in our ancient language was very generally pronounced, as the e feminine is at this day by the

Nor need we wonder how in a ditch, bank or glass o With halfe a bearde, as a feminate man. French.-Tyrwhitt. Ess. on the Language and Versification

newly dig'd, or in the fen-banks in the Isle of Ely, mustard Golden Boke, Let. 14. of Chaucer.

should abundantly spring up, where in the memory of an So that as in Xerxes was to be sene a kinde of femine

none hath been known to grow, for it might come of seed fearfulness, so in her was to be seene the kynde of manlye

Or higher birth he seem'd, and better days,

that had lain there more than man's age. couragiousnesse.Goldyng. Justine, fol. 18. No mark of vulgar toil that hand betrays,

Ray. On the Creation, pt. L. So femininely white it might bespeak When the hunts-men haue made provision, & the eliphant Another sex, when match'd with that smooth cheek,

The fen is a plashy inundation, formed on a fat-wither? is so entangled, they guide the feminines towards the pal- But for his garb and something in his gaze,

depth-without lineal boundary-of ambiguous testare lace which is called Tambell.

More wild and high than woman's eye betrays.

half water, and half land-a sort of vegetable fluid. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 235.

Gilpin. On the Mountains and Lakes, s. i.

Byron. Lara, c. 1, s. 27. Affyrming that in the queene rested nothyng but fraude

Ah, luckless swain, o'er all unblest, indeed! and feminyne malice, which rulyng the kyng at her pleasure that is, the very being or legal existence of the woman is

By marriage the husband and wife are one person in law: Whom la be r'd in the dank dark fen and will studied nothyng so muche, as the destruccion of suspended during the marriage, or at least is incorporated

Far from his flocks, and smoking hamlet, then! the nobilitie, and peeres of the realme.

Collins. On the Popular Superstitions of the Highlandi. and consolidated into that of the husband : under whose Hall

. Henry VI. an. 37. protection, wing, and cover, she performs every thing; and The ark is finish'd, and the Lord is wrath,

He [Carausius] cut canals with vast labour and espetxe is therefore called in our law French a feme-covert, fomina through all the eastern parts of Britain; at the same time To aid just Noah, and he provided hath

viro co-opertu.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 15. draining those fenny countries, and promoting commun:His blessed Angels, bidding them to bring

cation and commerce. The male and female of each living thing

FE'MORAL. Lat. Femur, the thigh, quia, says Into the ark, by whom he had decreed

Burke. An Abridgement of English History, 21. 8. Trenew the world. Drayton. Noah's Flood. Perottus, ferat ac sustineat animal. Vossius, from

FENCE, v. Lat. Fend-ere, (used only the obsolete feo. - The boy is faire,

Fence, n. in composition,) i. e. arceti, Of femall fauour, and bestowes himself Of or pertaining to the thigh.

FE'NCEFUL. Like a ripe sister : the woman low

depellere ; to drive away in And browner then her brother. The largest crooked needle should be used in taking up

FE'NCeless.

repel; and thus to keep saf? Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act v. sc. 1. the femoral arteries in amputation.-Sharp. Surgery.

Fe'ncer.

or secure, guard or protxt; But to Adam in what sort

FE'NCIBLE, n. and fence, Shall I appear? shall I to him make known

FEN.

Goth. Fani; A. S. Fenn ; Dut. FE'NCIBLE, adj. That which keeps safe er As yet my change, and give him to partake

FE'NNISH. Venne. Fen, or fan, is the past FE'NCIBLY. Full happiness with mee, or rather not,

secure, which guards or proFE'NNY. tense, and therefore past part. of But keep the odds of knowledge in my power

FE'NCING, n.

tects; a guard, security & Without copartner ? so to add what wants fyn-igean, (to corrupt, to decay, to wither, to Fend, v.

protection; any hedge, et In femal sex, the more to draw his love, fade, to spoil in any manner :) and means,-cor- FE'NDER.

closure, wall, mound, ditca And render me more equal, and, perhaps,

rupted, spoiled, decayed, withered. In modern FE'NDING, n. A thing not undesirable, sometime

or other thing built or (03speech (Tooke continues) we apply fen only to structed for security or safety, or protection, Superior; for inferior who is free? Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ix. stagnated or corrupted water; but it was formerly

Fender, i. e. defender, that which fends, defeeds And other suns perhaps,

applied to any corrupted, or decayed, or spoiled or guards. A common word in speech, but not With thir attendant moons thou wilt descrie,

substance." (Div. of Pur. ii. 61. 76.) Nisus in writing. Communicating male and femal light,

is said, by G. Douglas, to fall grufeling (grovelling) Which two great sexes animate the world amid the fen or beistes blude of sacrifyce.

And fendede hem fro foule uvels. fevres and fures. Stord in each orb perhaps with some that live.

And

Piers Pluakaan,
Id. Ib. b. viii.

in Lybeaus Disconus, Ritson, Met. Rom. ii. 64,
(referred to by Dr. Jamieson,)

For executynge of which disporte the place of Smittente So if in the minority of natural vigour, the parts of semi

by the kynge was appoyuted, and barryd and jeugdtor nality take place; when upon the encrease or growth

And thorughout Synadowne

same intent.–Fabyan, vol. ii. an. 1508. thereof the masculine appear, the first design of nature is

Both maydenes, and garsfoun, atchieved, and those parts are after maintained.

Fowyll fen schull on the throwe.

Such as are great men hauing ye rewle of things to Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 17.

as are euil, shal murmour and grutche againste de See the quotation from Gilpin.

trine. Against these men doe I send you forth Dakom And while all things are judg'd according to their suitable

Whout weapā or fense.- Udal. Luke, e. 10. ness or disagreement to the fond feminine, we shall be as far

Grantebrugye and Hontyndone mest plente of deep fen. from the tree of knowledge, as from that, which is guarded

It is thought to be the surest fence, & strongest ronde

R. Gloucester, p. 6. by the Cherubim.—Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 12.

that Religion, that they should be keapte still in iftaran Yet the fourth time when must'ring all her wiles, He lyeth amõg the redes in the mosses, the fennes hyde

and know nothinge.— Jewell. Replie unto M.Hardinge, puis With blandisht parlies, feminine assaults,

hi with their shadowe, & the wylowes of the broke couer Disciplina gladiatoria, is—the preceptes and way of trat

hym round about.--Bible, 1551. Job, c. 40. Tongue-batteries, she surceas'd not day nor night

yng men in the weapons, and the schooles that may To storm me over-watch't, and wearied out. Milton. Samson Agonistes out of fennes and marshes, is better than of them whiche be

Also the mylk of beastes, fedynge in large pastures, and fence kepe.- Udal. Flowres of Latine Speaking, fol. la

fed The serpent said to the feminized Adam, why are you so

The whiche bysshop had made there a strong patien in lyttell closes, or in watry grounds.

so that this castell doubted none assaute, for theri 733 demure.- More. Conject. Cabb. (1663.) p. 45.

Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Helth, b. ii. c. 20.

square toure thick walled and fensably furnisshed far lås Now to dispose the dead, the care remains

It was not the northerne wind, whiche blustereth colde

Warre.Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. Sus. To you, my son, and you, my faithful swains;

out of the cloudes: nor the southerne winde, that bryngeth Th' offending females to that task we doom, warmthe with hym oute of the marryshe and fennie places,

Walls here are men, who fence their cities mone

Than Neptune, when he doth in mountains mar, To wash, to scent, and purify the room.

pestilente to all liuyng bodies. --Udal. Actes, c. 2. Pope. Homer, Odyssey, b. xxii.

Doth guard this isle.- Drummond. Speech of Celedanis

But now his cruelty so sore she drad, We saw, as unperceiv'd we took our stand,

No pitched battaile in plaine field, no campe so they for That to those fennes for fastnesse she did fly, The backward labours of her faithless hand.

And there herselfe did hide from his hard tyranny.

tified, no citties and fortes howsoever fensed were able to Then urg'd, she (Penelope) perfects her illustrious toils ;

withstand the puissant Romanes in force of open arna,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 10.
A wondrous monument of female wiles -Id. Ib. b.ii.
And when they consider, besides this the very formation

By reason that he (Hannibal] had overwatched himselfe, Dear! on yon mountain stands my humble cot,

and the moist nights besides together with the dampe and of the word Koινoνοημοσυνη upon the model of the other

'Gainst sun and wind by spreading oaks secur'd

, moiste of the foggie fens stuffed his head and filled him full femalised virtues, the Ευγνωμοσυνη, Σωφροσυνη, Δικαιοσύνη,

And with a fence of quickset round immur'd, of rhewmes, and because neither time nor place served for &c. they will no longer hesitate on this interpretation.

That of a cabin make't a shady grot. any cure and to take physicke, he lost one of his eyes quite. Shaftesbury. On the Freedom of Wit and Humour, pt. iii.

Sherburne. A Shepherd inviting a Nyprph to his littering

Holland. Livivs, p. 433. Could no more title take upon her

You were never at the dealing of feace blores, te pri To virtue, quality, and honour,

Therefore is a little water proceeding from a good foun- had foure away for your part.-Edwards. Dasun stick Than ladies errant unconfin'd, taine, hy stones and leade kept from things that may hurt

A bridge it, hardlier putrifyed and corrupted, than all the fennishe And feme-coverts to all mankind.--Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 1. waters in the whole country, than mightie pooles, yea than

Of length prodigious, joyning to the wall

linmovable of this now jenceless world, The caterpillar cannot meet her companion in the air. the Thames itselfe.- Whilgift. Defence, p. 378.

Forfeit to Death.

Vilton. Paradise Losi, , I, The winged rover disdains the ground. They might never

Occasion calls the Muse her opinions to prepare, therefore be brought together, did not this radiant torch

But to pourtraie in imagerie tables, and painted sioth, se direct the volatile mate to his sedentary female.

Which (striking with the wind the vast and open air) publike shews of feneers and sword-players, and so se
Paley. Natural Theology, c. 19. Now in the fenny heaths, then in the champains roves,
Now measures out this plain, and then surveys those

up to be seen in open place to the view of the word beza

by C. Terentius, a Lucan.-Holland. Plinie, 8. v. c.7. On his ear the cry

groves. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 3. Of women struck, and like a deadly knell

No fort so fencible, nor wals so strong,

Here never shall you more, Knock'd at that heart unmoved by battle's yeH.

But that continuall battery will rire, "Oh! burst the haram-wrong not, on your lives,

O're hang this sad plaine with eternall night!

Or daily siege, through dispurrayaunee long Or change the gaudy greene she whilome wore One female form-remember--we have wives."

And lacke of reskewes will to parler drive. Byron. The Corsair, c. 2. s. 5. To senny blacke.--Browne. The Shepheard's Pipe, Ecl. 4.

Spenser. Faerie Galese, Aili c

Holland. Lirics,

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