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He [Fabius Maximus) nothing at all regarding such He breaks off the whole session, and dismisses them and Our gudgeons, taking opportunity of jumping after they words, persisted still continually in his designes and coun- their grievances with scorn and frustration.

are flowered, give occasion to the admirable remark of some cels particular to himself, saying thus to his friends, that he

Millon. An Answer to Eikon Basilike. persons' folly, when, to avoid the danger of the frying-pan, who would not abide a scoffe, but feared frumps and reviling

they leap into the fire.-King. The Art of Cookery. words was a greater coward then he who fled before his But if subscribers may take the liberty of affixing their

own sense to the public forms, in contradiction to the known At the top a fried liver and bacon was seen, enemy.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 353.

sense of the imposers, all those ends are liable to be mise- At the bottom was tripe in a swinging tureen. And from the most of them the Embassadors were dis- rably defeated and frustrated.

Goldsmith. The Haunch of Venison. missed and sent away, with this frumpe and demand,

Waterland. Works, vol. ii. p. 289.

FRY. Fr. Fray, the spawn of fish; frayer, to whether they had set up a sanctuarie or lawlesse place for

The Trojan warrior, touch'd with timely fear, Fomen to! For that were alone, and a fit marriage indeed

On the rais'd orb to distance bore the spear:

rub; also, to spawn as fishes. Menage, from to sort together.-Id. Livirs, p. 8.

The Greek, retreating, mourn'd his frustrate blow,

frictus, quia pisces affrictu coeunt. Skinner, from By how much I saw them taking little thought of their And curs'd the treacherous lance that spar'd a foe. the Dan. Fraade, spuma, froth. Applied to— jwn injuries, I must confess I took it as my part the less to

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii.

A numerous progeny or race, or offspring ; a ndure that my respected friends, through their own unne

An exhortation is not frustrate, if a man he but able to swarm (particularly of small young fishes.) essary patience, should lie thus at the mercy of a coy flurtng stile ; to be girded with frumps and curtall gibes, by one

come up to it partially, though not entirely and perfectly. rho makes sentences by the statute, as if all above three

South, vol. vii. Ser. 5. From which attempts a floud of mischiefe flowes,

An heape of hurtes, a frie of foule decaies, nches long were confiscate. Millon. An Apology for Smectymnuus. hard heart, and a dry eye, maugre all the poor frustraneous And if God gives not repenting grace, there will be an A flocke of feares, and thrals a thousand waies.

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 56. FRUSH. As the “Fr. Froisser, - to crush, endeavours of nature.-Id. vol. ix. Ser. 6.

For the Romanes had ever the commons of Rome; they urst or break in pieces; also, to crush, quash,

Besides, the fruitless, frustraneous vanity of such an

had alwayes the youth of Latium readie at hand; who still

increas'd more and more the new frie, and daily grew in ruise ; also, to dash, knock or clatter together," essay; for bring all the force of rhetorick in the world; yet

number to make supplie, & to repair and furnish out so Cotgrave.) See Froise. The Fr. Froisser is by vice never can be praised into virtue, a rotten thing cannot be painted sound.-Id. vol. viii. Ser. 7.

many armies that were defeated.-Holland. Livivs, p.711. asene uve derived from fressus, the past part. of

What a fry of fools is here? I see 'tis treason to under'endete, to bruise ; and by Menage, with less Surely the frustration of their hopes, and the huge con

stand in this house. lausibility, from frangere, to break. trariety of these things to their beloved pre-convinced no

Beaum. & Fletch. The Coronation, Act i. sc. I. tions, could not but enrage them to the greatest disdain and And consequently all those, that they encoūtred, at that rejection of his person and doctrine imaginable.

I am vext, vext to the soul, will rid my house of this une furste charge, they frushed or sonke them, with suche

Id. vol. iii. Ser. 8.

christend fry, and never ope my doors again. rengthe, that they gaue not the ennemys leasure to ioyne

Id. Fair Maid of the Inn, Act iii. sc. 1. emselle agayne togither.-Nicolls. Thucidides, fol. 66. In short all frustration in the first essays of a vicious

course, is a baulk to the confidence of the bold undertaker. Be still in gravest company : and flye He she wed also to the abouenamed Albertus, and many

Id. vol. iv, Ser. 4. The wanton rabble of the youngest frye. her credible persones, that the Quene of Heauen came to

F. Beaumont. The Remedie of Love. The Conclusion. im that night with a maruelouse fragrant odour, refreshing The constraint which their presence (the aged] will imThis mēbres that were bruised and frushed with that feuer, pose, and the aversion which their manners will create, if So close behind some promontory lie d promised hym, that he should not ytterly dye.

the one be constantly awful, and the other severe, tend to The huge Leviathans t' attend their prey Sir T. More. Workes, p. 9. frustrate the effect of all their wisdom.-Blair, vol. i. Ser. 12.

And give no chase, but swallow in the fric,

Which through their gaping jaws mistake the way. Who, lying all to frusshed thus, Is it to be supposed, that he should disappoint his

Dryden. Annus Mirabilis, s. 203. The sonne of Jove did bring

creatures, and frustrate those very desires (of immortality] His cell iades, that soone deuoure which he himself implanted.

What their [the herrings] food is near the pole, we are Their more than cruell king.

Beattie. Moral Science, vol. i. App. not yet informed, but in our seas they feed much on the Warner. Albion's England, b. ii. c. 12.

oniscus marinus, a crustaceous insect, and sometimes on I like thy armour well,

By asking, “How long, Lord? wilt thou be angry for their own fry.-Pennant. Zoology. The Common Herring. Te frusit, and vnlocke the riuets all,

ever?" she tacitly pleadeth his promise not to be so; she But Ile de maister of it. urgeth the shortness of man's life here below, the univer

His (Johnson) the true fire, where creep the witling fry

To warm themselves, and light their rush-lights by. Shakespeare. Troyl. & Cress. Act v. sc. 6. sality of the fatal sentence, the impossibility of avoiding death, and, if nothing farther was to happen, the frustration

Lloyd. Epistle to C. Churchill FRUSTRATE, v. Fr. Frustrer ; Lat. of the divine counsels concerning man. Pre'sT RATE, adj. Frustrare, from frustra,

Bp. Horne. Com. on Psalms, Ps. 39. FUB, v.

See To FOB. A fub or fubs, is,

Ful, n. FrustBA'NeoUs. which Vossius thinks is

perhaps, one fubbed or fobbed, FRUTICANT. Lat. Fruticans, from Frutex, FU'BBERY. FRUSTRATING, N. from fraudare, quia quod

cheated or gulled; and thus apPrusTERATION.

plied to a fat, chub-headed person. frustra sit, fraudat desi- fruticis, fruit. FRUSTRATORY. derium ejus, qui id facit. Bearing fruit, fruiting.

Fubs, fubby,—are in common speech applied to Frustratory is used by Cotgrave. These we shall divide into the greater or more ceduous,

children. To disappoint, to render fruitless, to avoid or fruticant, or shrubby.—'Evelyn, Introd. s. 3.

Mer. You should not make a laughing stock, good

brother, nul; to deceive, defraud, balk or beguile,-the

FRY, v. Fr. Frire; It. Friggere; Sp. Freyer; Of one that wrongs you not; I do profess pes or expectations.

Fry, n. Lat. Frig-ere, from the Gr. $piry-elv,

I won't be fubb'd, ensure yourself. And for a counterfayte and a false glory; they frustrate which Vossius considers to be formed from the

Cartwright. The Ordinary, Act iv. sc. d defeact themselues of that blessed rewarde, whiche God sound.

Tho. Why doll, why doll, I say : my letter fub'd too, old haue geuen them, yf they had offered in his sight the re and sincere oblacion of their prayers.-Udal. Malt. c.26.

To dry, to parch, to heat;—applied to a parti

And no access without I mend my manners.

Beaum. & Fletch. Monsieur Thomas, Act ii. sc. 2 cular mode of dressing or cooking victuals. And the peynes before taken with the time therein spente,

That same foule deformed fubs. riterly frustrate.-Sir T. Elyot. The Governour, b. iii. c.10. Bote hit be freesch fleesch othr fysch. fried othr ybake.

Rub and a Great Cast, (1614.) Ep. 44 It is manifestly prouided, that the merchants of the Hans

Piers Plouhman, p. 145.

Mal. O no; but dream the most fantastical, #ns, vnder the colour of their priuiledges in England, But certainly I made folk swiche chere;

O heaven! O fubbery, fubbery. 1) not ypon paine of the perpetuall frustration and revoThat in his owen grese I made him frie

Marston. The Malcontent, Act i. sc. 3 ion of the foresayd priuiledges receiue any stranger of For anger, and for very jelousie. other towne in their liberties, by whom the King's cus

Chaucer. The Wis of Bathes Prologue, v. 6069. may in any sort be withbolden or diminished.

FU'CATE. Lat. Fucare, fucatum, to stain Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 175. He that wyll nedes eat them (gourdes) must boyle them,

Fu'cus. Sor tinge with a colour or dye. I which attempt, (though it were frustrated

roste them, or frye them. By their recov'ry, who were got again)

Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Hellh, b. ii.

For in vertue may be nothing fucate or counterfayte.

Sir. T. Elyot. Governorr, b. iii. c. 4. umarle (now Duke of York) is challenged

For still I spurr'd up bis untam'd desire,
By his own sister to have laid that train.
Then sitting in the charriot of the sun;

How do I looke to-day?
Daniel. Civil Wars, b. iv. My blandishments were fewel to that fire

Eud. Excellent, cleer, teleeve it. This same fucus
But some God hath fill'd
Wherein he fry'd.-Drayton. Legend of Pierce Gaveston.

Was well lay'd on. B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act ii. sc. I ar frustrate sayles ; defeating what we will’d. His stoutness hid such torments long,

She, and I now,
Chapman. Hymn to Apollo.
As els could none abyde,

Are on a proiect, for the fact, and venting
*Tis your rare temper
Yea till the baine his bowels and

Of a new kin of fucus (paint, for ladies) wins upon me, that I would not live

His very marrow fryde.

To serve the kingdome. that by honest arts I can prevent it)

Warner. Albion's England, b. iii. c. 13.

Id. The Divelle is an Asse, Act iii. sc. 4 see your hopes made frustrate. Magsinger. The Great Duke of Florence, Act iii. sc. 1.

Sale. This came from

They make fukes to paint and embellish the eye browes. The Indies, and eats five crowns a day in fry,

Holland. Plinie, b. xxiii. c. 4 was God's great design to advance grace, and therefore

Ox-livers, and brown paste. calls their stepping aside from the doctrine thereof, a

Mayne. The City Match, Act iii. sc. 1. FU'DDLE, v. strating of the grace of God, Gal. ii. ult. which men do

Still a common word in the mingling any thing with it; it is a frustrating of the Continual burning yet no fire or fuel,

northern parts of England. Skinner observes, that acc of God, because it frustrateth the great design of God, Chill icy frosts in midst of summer's frying,

the Scotch use full, and the Ger. voll, pro ebrio,to frustrate is to make void a design.

A hell most pleasing, and a heaven most cruel,

for drunk, and that hence fudle may be formed Goodwin. Works, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 205. A death still living, and a life still dying.

by the insertion of the letter d, it is perhaps

P. Fletcher. Contemnenti. Though at first the eye preconceiv'd the way (over a plain)

ful-dle ;) and thus mean-horter, because it was undivided, yet if upon this suppo- Perhaps no salt is thrown about the dish,

To fill (sc.) with strong drink, to intoxicate. stion, an opinion possesse the imagination of a farre shorter Or no fried parsley scatter'd on the fish, ground than it proves to be, the frustrating of the Shall I in passion from my dinner fly,

Host. note's enough, he's mine, I'll fuddle him aine conceit makes it seem longer than the truth. And hopes of pardon to my cook deny.

Or lye 'ith the suds.
Bacon. On Learning by G. Wats, b. vi. p. 298.

King. The Art of Cookery.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Captain, Act iii. sc. 4.

} Ft Fulcir

Pull brimmers to their fuddled noses thrust.

FUGUE. Skinner has Fugue, which, he says, It (the Christian religion} rectifies and confirms the lave

Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. 6. he had nowhere seen, except in the English Dic nature, and purging man from corruption by faith, presens Warm'd by two Gods at once, they drink and write tionary; and which he explains, " A certain har-do.-Feltham, pt. ii. Res. 3. Rhyme all the day, and fuddle all the night.

mony or consent in musick.” Cotgrave has the Pitt. Horace, b. ii. Ep. 19. same word, and calls it, “A chace or report of dom yeeld a fruit that is commendable : as if vengeana

When wickednesses are such as hinder justice, they selBut earnest brimming bowls

musick, like two or more parts in one.' In It. followed the bestower for an injury to equity, or for not sufLave every soul, the table floating round, Fuga, from the Lat. Fuga, flight.

fering the divine edicts to have their due juifiiliage. And pavement, faithless to the fuddled foot.

Id. pt. i. Res 14. Thomson. Autumn. The reports, and fuges, have an agreement with the figures in rhetorick, of repetition, and traduction,

He invited them, after they had fulfilled their prince's FUDGE. Perhaps from fough or faugh, (qv.)

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $. 113. orders, and settled their own private affairs, to come 1921, and used as equivalent to_bamboozle, humbug.

Either while the skilful organist plies his grave and fan

and see him.-Strype. Memorials. Hen. VIII. an. 1530 cied descant in lofty fugues, or the whole symphony with The Spirit dictates all such petitions, and God himsel is But previously I should have mentioned the very impolite artful and unimaginable touches adorn and grace the well- first the author, and then the fulfiler of thetn. behaviour of Mr. Burchell, who, during this discourse, sate studied chords of some choice composer.

Sexth, vol. ii. Ser.. with his face turned to the fire, and at the conclusion of

Milton. Of Education. every sentence would cry out fudge, an expression which

His volant touch

Let us carry on our preparation for heaven, do tự 25. displeased us all, and in some measure damped the rising Instinct through all proportions low and high

stracting ourselves from the concerns of this world, but the spirit of the conversation.-Goldsmith. Vicar of Wakefield. Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue.

fulfilling the duties and offices of every station in life. Id. Paradise Lost, b. xi.

Blair, rol. 1. Ser. 4 FU'EL. See Fewel. Apollo ceas'd—the Muses take the sound,

Thus we see, from the nature, end, and condition of tt From voice to voice th' harmonious notes rebound, FUELLEMORTE. See FeuilLEMORT.

political, ceremonial, and moral economy, that Jesus atke And echoing lyres transmit the volant fugue around. Julfiller of the law; and, from his doing this in the very

Hughes. The Court of Neptune. manner the inspired men of old predicted, that he was licFUGITIVE, adj. Fr. Fugitif; It.Fuyyilivo; The overture of Alexander ought to be great and noble;

wise the fulfiller of the prophets. Fu'GITIVE, n. Sp. Fugitivo ; Lat. Fugi- instead of which, I find only a hurry of the instruments not

Warburton. Works, vol. ir: Ser. 3 Fu'GITIVENESS. tivus, from fugere; Gr. Peuge proper, in my poor opinion, and without any design or fugue. With what entire confidence ought we to wait for the fute FU'GACY. elv, to fly. 'The noun is

Id. Letter to Sleele. filment of all his other promises in their due time: even Fugacious. One who can or may fly: FU'LCIMENT.2 Lat. Fulcimen, from fulcire; discouraging.-Blair, vol. i. Ser. 5.

when events are most embroiled, and the prospect is most FUGA'CIOUSNESS. applied to one who does


to underset, FUGA'CITY. fly; a runaway:

underprop, support, sustain, uphold,” (Cotgrave.) FU'LGENT. The adj.—able to fly; volatile, fleeting.

Lat. Fulgens, pres. part. That which underprops, supports, sustains or FU'LGURANT. fulgere; Gr. "Afy-fo, ardere, But when Alexander was come to Taba, whiche is the

upholds : applied to the centrical prop, upon FU'LGURATE, v. to burn. chiefe cftie of Paratacen, it was there shewed hymn by fugi- which any thing may turn.

FULGURATION Flaming, flashing light; tiues that came out of Darius cāpe, how he was fled with al spede into Bactria.-Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 133.

When we shall have every thought, word, &c. of our whole bright, shining, splendid.

lives laid open and made known before all the world, (as at Had I Hippomenes' bright fruit, which stay'd

that day they shall be,) our hearts will need a most special At last, as from a cloud, his fuigent head The swifter speed of the Scheneian maid,

strong fulcrum, support and sustainer (as the word imports.) And shape starr-bright appear'd, or brighter; clad They would not profit me; the world's round ball

to establish, or bear up their hearts, before the great God, With what permissive glorie since his fall Could not my cruel fugitive recall.

and all the saints.--Goodwin. Works, vol. ii. pt. iv. p. 335. Was left him, or false glitter.- Milton. Par. Lest, Sherburne. Metamorphoses of Lyrian & Sylvia.

It is certain, though there should be the greatest imagi- Though pitchy blasts from Hell upborn Ariobarzanis dying by misfortune, the Armenians would

nable weight and the least imaginable power, (suppose the Stop the outgoings of the morn, endure none of his race; but tried the regiment of a woman

whole world, and the strength of one man or infant;) yet if And Nature play her fiery games, called Eratus, whom they expulsed in a short time: and led

we conceive the same disproportion betwixt their several In this forc'd night, with fulgurant dames. an vncertaine and loose kinde of life, rather without a lord, distances in the foriner faculties, from the fulciment, or

More. Philosophical Poenus, (1647.) p. !!!. than in libertie : and in the ende receiued the fugitiue Vo

centre of gravity, they would both equiponderate. nones againe.-Greneway. Tacitus. Annales, p. 34.

Wilkins. Archimedes. On Mechanical Powers, c. 12. If enclosed in a glass vessel well stopped, it sometimes

would sulgurate, or throw out little flashes of hgh, en

When the balance hangs on a stable fulcrum, you have sometimes fill the whole vial with waves of flames. The fickleness and fugitiveness of servants justly addeth a both your hands to help you, and need not be tempted by valuation to their constancy who are standards in a family,

Philosophica: Transactions, Na 14 weariness to desist before the balance be brought to rest in a Fuller. Worthies. General Worthies, c. 11. perfect æquilibrium.-Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 469.

The shine gave such a lightning from one to another

, ** Notwithstanding any disposition made or to be made by The same spine was also to serve another use not less

as you should be forced to turn them (the eyes) elizabete virtue or colour of any attainder, outlawry, fugacy, or other wanted than the preceding, viz. to afford a fulcrum, stay, or

or not too stedfastly to behold their fulguratios. forfeiture.—Millon. On the Articles of Peace. basis (or more properly speaking, a series of these), for the

Donne. History of the Septuagisi, (1638.) A insertion of the muscles which are spread over the trunk of Well therefore did the experienc'd Columella put his

But other Thracians, who their former name the body:- Paley. Natural Theology, c. 8.

Retain'd in Asia, fulgent morions wore, gard'ner in the mind of the fugaciousness of the seasons, and the necessity of being industrious.

FULFI'L, v. See To Fill, and Full.

With homs of bulls in imitating brass
Cury'd o'er the crested ridge.

Glover, Leonidas.r.
Evelyn. Introduction to the Kalendar.

FULFILLER. To fill full, to complete, and In youth alone, unhappy mortals live ;

Fulfilling, n. thus, to accomplish, to per- FULIGINOUS. Lat. Fuligo, (perhaps F# But, ah! the mighty bliss is fugitive!

FULFI'LMENT. form fully or completely, to Discolour'd sickness, anxious labours come,


miligo, from fumus, saioke) And age, and death's inexorable doom. supply.

nigrum illud, quod ex pingui ustorum fum conDryden. Virgil. Georgics, b. iii. Thar wilkednes was fulfilled, venged behoued it be. densatur, et camino, vel parietibus adhæret

, (live

R. Brunne, p. 65. sius.) That black substance, which is condersen It so happened, that this year one Stafford had gone into France and gathered some of the English fugitives together,

For Cyvyl & thy selve. selde fulfilleth

from the fat smoke of things burnt, and which as and with money and ships, that were secretly given him

That God wolde wer ydo wloute som deceite.

heres to the flue or walls. by that court, had come and seized on the castle of Scarbo

Piers Plouhman, p. 30. rough.-Burnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1557.

But that the Scripture be fulfilled, he that etith my bred, And the usual periphrasis of hell torments, fire and tria

schal reise his heele agens me.-Wiclif. John, c. 13. stone, is wonderfully applicable to the place we have been And even the spirit and salt of sheep's blood itself did, by their penetrancy of taste, and fugitiveness in gentle heats, Therfore loue is the fulfylling of the lawe.

describing; since it abounds with fuliginous fames, 226 promise little less efficacy than those other so much cele

Id. Romans, c. 13. sulphurous stench and vapour.

Glanvill. Pre-existence of Sesk, c. 14 brated medicines.-Boyle. Works, vol. ii.

This Alla king hath swiche compassioun,
I have suspected that most of these volatile salts having
As gentil herte is fulfilled of pitee

The leaf of burrage hath an excellent spirit to represe the so great a resemblance in smell, in taste and fryilireness,

That fro his eyen ran the water doun.

fuliginous vapour of dusky melancholy, and so to cure Date differ but little, if at all, in their medicinal properties.

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5080.

ness.-Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 18. Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 534. The kynge hym graunted to fulfille

These few particulars I hare but mentioned to aire By this means the volatile salt being loosened or disentan.

His askynge at his owne wille.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. improvements and ingenious attempts of detecting Dute gled from the rest, and being of a very fugacious nature, flies

For God confirmyng the lawe of nature, comanded ear

cheap and useful processes for ways of charking costs, peal, easily away itself, without staying long enough to take up nestly that euery må should honour & succour his father &

and the like fuliginous materials.

Evelyn. A Discourse on Forest Trets, c. any other salt with it.-Id. Ib. vol. iv. p. 300.

mother, promising long lyle and felicitie of thys lyfe vnto the

doer & fulfiller thereof : threatnyng death to hym that doeth In the fits of the strange distemper he laboured under, It is very likely, that the heat produced by a medicine, the contrary.- Udal. Matthew, c. 15

divers times observed, that that part of his pillow which has which by reason of its fugacity would stay but a very short time in the body, will not be so lasting as that of ordinary

And so the lawe must bee content to admitte all these men

breath passed along, would by the strange fuligistes se sudorificks.-Id. Ib. vol. ii.

which that carried off with it, be blacked over, as if it to bee fulfillers & doers of ye law.-Barnes. Workes, p. 240. 237. P.

been held in some sooty smoke or other.

And here we offer and present vnto thee, O Lord, ourBy our experiment, its fugacity is so restrained, that not

selves, our soules and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and only the caput mortuum, newly mentioned, endured a good fire in the retort, before it was reduced to that pitchy subliuely sacrifice unto thee, humbly beseeching thee, that all

The lungs abhor we which be partakers of this holy communion may be ful

To drink the dun fuliginous abyss
stance we were lately mentioning; but, &c.
filled with thy grace and heavenly benediction.

Armstrong. Art of Preserting Heste.
Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 78.
The Booke of Com. Prayer. The Communion.

Her impulse nothing may restrain ;
But I, who substantial nutrition require,
You, who of God the will reveal'd neglect,

Or whence the joy 'mid columns, towers,
Would rather the Muses should feed than inspire.

And do his law not labour to fulfill,

'Midst all the city's artful trim, And whilst lofty Pindus my fancy explores, Mark how the Ethnicks idols did affect,

To rear some breathless vapid flowers, To the wild fugitive, hunger restores.

In dangerous times depending on their will.

Or shrubs fuliginously grim.
Blacklock. To a Friend.
Stirling. Doomes-day. The Fifth Houre.

Skenstone, Raral Plessis

p. 215.

Bogle. Forks, rol. II. p. 51


Fill, ad.

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FULL, adj Goth. Fuls; A.S. Full; Dut. There is however a circumstance attending those colonies, Another, who was a professour of the Reformed Religion,
Full, i..

Vol; Ger. Voll; Sw. Full, past which, in my opinion, fully counterbalances this difference, they at present wickedly prosecuted by force of arms and
tense and part. of A. S. Fyllan, than in those to the northward.
and makes the spirit of liberty still more high and haughty with Papall curses and fulminations.

Camden. Elizabeth, an. 1590.
FU'LLY. to fill, (qv.)

Burke. On Conciliation with America.

And it is very probable, that if the Pope had not, with that is the Fr'llness. Full is much used prefired. But long ere scarce a third of his pass'd by,

violent passion, that Italians have for the advancing their de t is also much used affired, with no other neces- Worse than adversity the Childe befell;

families, run into the proposition for marrying his niece to ery limitation than of cautious discretion :- FearHe felt the fulness of satiety :

the Duke of Orleans, he would have fulminated upon this Then loathed he in his native land to dwell,

occasion.-Burnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1531. ul; i. e. full of the feeling of fear; also of that

Which seem'd to him more lone than eremite's sad cell. hich causes or excites the feeling :-handful,

Byron. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, c. I.

When the King's (Charles] ablest servant had, in the great

wants of the treasury, encouraged his master to break his outhful; i. e. of any thing, any substance,-

FULL, v. 1 A. S. Fullian, fullare, polire vestes, faith, so often pledged to his Parliament, never more to read, water. It receives the terminations, ly and

Fuller. ; to full a piece of cloth, (Somner.) | they had so often fulminated; he little suspected that he 88—with the same limitation.

Dut. Vollen, telam laneam rudem subigere pedi- was opening his way to his own ruin, by habituating his
2. An yle god & riche ynowe, the se goth al a boute: bus, subsaltando identidem fullonio saltu vestimenta royal master to think slightly of his promises, in the number
Wule that lond was y fulled with geandes strong & proude. calcare, premere, et densare ; Kilian,—(to trample of which was protection to himself.
R. Gloucester, p. 15.

Warburton. Works, vol. x. Ser. 19.
upon, press, and thicken cloths.) Fr. Fouller, to
Tho this schippes gar“ were, and ful of ruche gode.

tread or trample on; from the Lat. Fullo, from FU'LSOME. Mr. Tyrwhitt interprets Id. p. 13.

the Gr. Milovv, or rather, Vossius thinks, Burlour, FU'lsomely, fulsumnesse, satiety; and JuHe dude hem schame ynow & temprede hem fulwel, of the same signification, viz. to thicken.

FU'LSOMENESS. nius says, nauseous, whatever And made hem sone milde ynow tho heo were rehel.

Id. p. 72.

To tread or trample down, beat or press down, from too great abundance provokes nausea ; from The kyng askede, wad heo were? thei were adrad ful sore. and thus, to thicken.


, plenus. Wallis also considers it to be a comId. p. 39. And hise clothis weren maad ful schynyng & whight as pound of full and some. Skinner adds, or q. d. Acthys Hardeknout nas kyng nogt follyche geres tuo.

snowe, whiche maner whighte clothis a fuller may not make foulsome.
Id. p. 326.
on erthe.-Wiclif. Mark, c. 19.

Foul, gross, rank, and thus nauseous.
Than blewe the trumpes fulle loud & fulle schille.

And his rayment dyd shyne, and was made very whyte, The knotte, why that every tale is tolde,
The kyng com in to the halle, that hardy was of wille. euen as snow: so white as no fuller can make vpon the erth. If it be taried til the lust be cold
R. Brunne, p. 30.

Bible, 1551. Ib. or hem, that han it herkened after yore,

The savour passeth ever lenger the more, 0 a man ful of lepre.---Wiclif. Luk, c. 5. · Also a wayuer or fuller, shuld be an vnmete capitaine of

For fulsom nesse of the prolixitee.
Ind Jhesus jul of the holy Gost turnyde agen fro Jordan.
an army, or in any other office of a gouernour.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,719.
Id. Ib. c. 4.
Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. i. c. 1.

Wherefore leste in repeting a thing so frequent and com-
I wreth of gold arm-gret, of huge weight,

It is to be noted that foure miles to the northward of mune, my boke shoulde be as fastidious or fulsome to the pon his hed sate ful of stones bright,

Dogsnose there growe no trees on the bank by the water reders, as suche marchaunt preachers be nowe to their cusf fine rubins and of diaments. side : and the bankes consist of fuller's-earth.

tomers, I wylle reuerentely take my leaue of diuines. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2149.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 291.

Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. i. c. 21.
Thus spake the bull

Only this faithful country case 'scap'd fist free; and, be it A thousand silken puppets should have died
The which they han published at the full.

spoken in good hour, was never beaten yet since it came And in their fulsome coflins putrified, Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8625. from fulling.-Tomkis. Albumazar, Act v. sc. 8.

Ere in my lines you of their names should hear

To tell the world that such there ever were.
Then the orison was don of Palamon,
lis sacrifice he did, and that anon,
To come then to the mysterie of fuller's craft; first they

Drayton. To the Lady I. S. Of Worldly Crosses.
'ull pitously, with alle circumstances,
wash and scoure a piece of cloth with the earth of Sardinia,

Thirdly, God was sorely displeased with his people, be-
ll tell I not as now his observances.
then they perfume it with the smoke of brimstone, which

cause they builded, decked and trimmed up their own
done they fall anone to burling it with Cimolia.
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2265.

Holland. Plinie, b. xxxv. c. 17.

houses, and suffered God's house to be in ruine and decay,

to lie uncomely, and fulsomely. .nd with that word they risen sodenly, .nd ben assented fully, that he sholde

This fuller's-earth, Cimolia, is of a cooling nature, and Homilies. Serm. for repairing and keeping clean Churches.
e wedded whan hiin list and wher he wolde.
being used in the forme of a liniment, it staieth immoderat

It is not emptyness only, but fulsomness; for though a
Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9449.
sweats. The same taken inwardly with wine in the baine

man is not nourish'd by them, and so satisfied, yet he is
or hote house, restraineth the breaking foorth of pimples.
hus hath she fulliche ouercome

cloyed and daubed with them; and then loathing comes,

Id. Ib. lyn idlenesse till 1 sterue,

which is joyned with sorrow.-Goodwin. Works, vol. iii. p. 339. o that I mot hir nedes serue.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

A purchase granted to the Lady Johan Denny for the sum That more sluggish dulcor of the blood will be sometime

of £3202. 78. 0fd. of the lordships and manors of Waltham so quickened and actuated by the fiercenesse and sharpnd now when his (Tyndall] argument is all made vp, ye and Nasing, with the appurtenances, with a fulling-mill and nesse of the melancholy humour (as the fulsomeness of sugar I find it as full of reason as an egge full of mustarde. two water-mills, late parcell of the dissolved abbey of is by the acrimony of lemon) that it will afford farre more Sir T. More. Workes, p. 582. Waltham Cross.-Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1553.

sensible pleasure.--Henry More. Of Enthusiasm, pt. ii. s. 20. hrist full lowly and meekely washed his disciples feet.

Thy oil-imbibing earth

Could you but see the fulsome hero led,
Frith. Workes, p. 98.
The fullers skill assisting, safe defies

By loathing vassals to his noble bed.
may be here demanded, why a matter of so great mo-
All foreign rivals in the clothier's art.

Dryden. Suum Cuique. it should be so slenderly regarded, as that the generall

Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 3.

And the act of consummation fulsomely described in the old march with such an army against such an enemy,

They (our fair countrywomen) are surely, if I may say so, very words of the most modest among all poets. Te he knew either the fulnesse of his owne strength, or much more valuable commodities than wool or fuller's-earth,

Id. Dedication to Juvenal. aine meanes how he should abide the place when he the exportation of which is so strictly prohibited by our ıld come to it.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt..ii. p. 146. laws, lest foreigners should learn the manufacturing of

Mortals whose pleasures are their only care,
them.-- Chesterfield, vol. ii. Miscellaneous Pieces, No. 19.

First wish to be impos'd on and then are :
Come, come, disclose

And, lest the fulsome artifice should fail, he state of your affection, for your passions

FU'LMINE, v. Lat. Fulmen, ab eo, quod Themselves will hide its coarseness with a veil.
aue to the full appeach'd.
Shakespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, Act i. sc. 3.

Cowper. Progress of Error,
ignis propter splendorem ful-

FU'LVID. Lat. Fulvidus ; fulvus, from fulYou have discharg'd he true part of an honest man; I cannot gur, (Varro, lib. iv.)


See Fulgent. equest a fuller satisfaction

To throw forth light or lightning; to act with Tawny, yellow. han you have freely granted.

the effect of lightning, (or thunder, the accomFord. The Witch of Edmonton, Act i. sc. 1. paniment of lightning ;) to menace or denounce

And in right colours to the life depaint

The fulrid eagle with her sun-bright eye. nd they themselves made quarrell, and charged the Ro- with the noise or loudness, the awfulness of

More. Psychozoia, b. i. s. 3. les with wrongs ofred first and neverthelesse they jus-thunder. d themselves for any thing by them done, and answered

FU'MAGE. From the Lat. Fumus, smoke.
objections that were laid against them full stoutly.
And ever and anon the rosy red

As early as the Conquest mention is made in Domesday
Holland. Livius, p. 297. Flasht through her face, as it had been a flake

Book of fumage or fuage, vulgarly called smoke farthings; ehovah here fully accomplish'd hath

Of lightning through bright heaven fulmined. lis indignation, and pour'd forth his wrath ;

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. iii. c. 2.

which were paid by custom to the king for every chimney in

the house.--Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 8. indled a fire in Sion, which hath pow'r

Water and wind-guns afford no fulminating report, and
o eat, and her foundations to devour.
depend on single principles.--Brown. Vulg. Err. b. ii. c. 5.

FU'MBLE, v. Dut. Fommelen ; Sw.Famla.
Donne. Jeremy, c. 4.

ince he had received the Cardinal's letters, he seem'd to
He (King Charles was) curst and devoted to perdition

FUMBLING, n. tentare ut solent, qui in tenete and feel a reformation of the whole ecclesiastical hie

worse than any Ahab, or Antiochus, with exhortation to
curse all those in the name of God, that made not war

FU'MBLINGLY. bris obambulant, Ihre, who
hy of England, more full and exact, than he could before
Chat age have divined, much less hoped for.

against him as bitterly as Meroz was to be curs’d, that went thinks the Lat. Palmus to be of the same family.

not out against a Canaaniteish King, almost in all the Strype. Memorials. Henry VIII. an. 1523.

Skinner's interpretation is, Ineptè tractare seu sermons, prayers, and fulminations, that have bin utter'd I hail, Patroclus ! let thy vengeful ghost these seven years past by those cloven tongues of falshood

rem aggredi; to handle, manage or attempt any Fear, and exult, on Pluto's dreary coast.

and dissension, who now, to the stirring up of new discord, thing foolishly or inaptly. Fehold Achilles' promise fully paid,

acquit him.-Milton. The Tenure of Kings & Magistrales. To do any thing, to act, inefficiently, inaptly, welve Trojan heroes offer'd to thy shade. Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xxiii. Thence to the famous orators repair,

bunglingly, weakly :- to act with imbecile effort Those ancient, whose resistless eloquence

or exertion, where the thing aimed at is scarcely short sentence may be oftentimes a large and a mighty Wielded at will that fierce democratie, er Devotion, so 'managed, being like water in a well,

touched or reached.

Shook the Arsenal and fulmin'd over Greece
se you have fulness in a little compass.
To Macedon, and Artaxerxes' throne.

Eche of them calleth other false fumhlinge Heretikes.
South, vol. ii. Ser. 4.
Id. Paradise Regained, b. iv.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 279.

FULMINA’TION: S get; fulgor, fulmenque et ful



foam ;

If harreyn soyle, why then it chaungeth hewe,

And if in the mornynge he fele any fumosities rysynge, FUMETTE. Skinner thinks from the Lat. It fadeth faste, it flits to fumbling yeares.

than to drinke iulep of violettes, or for lacke thereof, a good | Fimus. Menage,-Fumées de Cerf. Cervorun ste. Gascoigne. Gardninges. draught of verie smalle ale or biere, somewhat warmed, without eatynge any thynge after it.

cus; from fimata, fumata, fumée. Bnt being taken up in a trip & found fumbling in their

Sir 1. Elyot, Castel of Helth, b. 11. “ Fr. Fumées ; the dung or excrements of deer, answere, they were commaunded to void out of the counselchamber.-Holland. Livivs, p. 1130.

called by woodmen fewmets or fewmishing," (Cot

And heaping wordes vpon wordes, would gladly belike In phrensie, wherein men are bestraught of their right

that the partie should haue caried them away, and well re- grave.) wits, to have a care of the skirts, fringes and welts of their membred them, and therefore saied fumously vnto him,

For by his slot, his entries, and his port, garments, that they be in good order; to keepe a fumbling dost thou heare me?-Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 151.

His frayings, feromets, he doth promise sport, and pleiting of the bed-cloths, &c. prognosticate death.

Even such is all their vaunted vanitie,

And standing 'fore the dogs.
Id. Plinie, b. vii. c. 51.
Naught else but sinoke that fumeth soone away.

B. Jonson. The Sad Shepherd, Adi He heard his wife Calpurnia, being fast asleep, weep and

Spenser. Colin Clouls come out againe.

Not in our old Lexicographers, sigh, and put forth many fumbling lamentable speeches.

North. Plutarch, p. 613.

So corrosive is this smoke about the city, that if one Imagine then your Highlander

would hang up gammons of bacon, beefe, or other fleshe to haps from Fain, A. S. Fægen, lætus, hilaris ; and Over a can of muddy beer, Playing at passage with a pair

wifes do in the country, where they 'make use of sweeter thus, Jocosus, jocose, jesting.

fuell, it will so mummitie, drie up, waste and burne it, that Sportive, mirthful drollery. Of drunken fumblers for his fare.

it suddenly crumbles away, consumes and comes to nothing. Cotton, (Charles.) Epistle to the Earl of

Funny, adj. common in speech.

Evelyn. Pumifugium, pt. i. For that is the reason, why many good schollars speake

Here Whitefoord reclines, and deny it who ean, but fumblingly; like a rich man that for want of particular

Seeing that the one of them when the wine had a little Though he merrily liv'd, he is now a grave man: note and difference, can bring you no certaine ware readily fumed up into the head began both to speak and do foolishly,

Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fün, out of his shop.-B. Jonson. Discoveries.

and contrariwise that the other held his own and dranke Who relish'd a joke, and rejoic'd in a pun.
warily; he pardoned and let go the one, but the other he

Goldsmith, Retaliate For the atheist's pretence to wit and natural reason,

put to death.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 335. (though the foulness of his mind makes him fumble very

Such wit had current pass'd alone, dotingly in the use thereof,) makes the er.thusiast secure Then there is a repulsion of the fume, by some higher

Tho' Selwyn's fun had ne'er been known,
that reason is no guide to God.
hill or fabrick that shall overtop the chimney.

And must for ever stand the test,
More. Of Enthusiasm, pt. ii. s. 1.

Reliquice Woltonianæ, p. 38.

When each bon mot is gone to rest. Disabled wasting whore-masters are not

Verses to Mr. Cambridge, from George Birch, En She, out of love, desires me not to go to Prouder to own the brats they never got, My father, because something hath put him

FUNAMBULATORY. Fr. Favamlet Than fumbling, itching rhymers of the town

In a fume against me. T'adopt some base-born song that's not their own.


It. and Sp. Fanesi. Shirley. The Merchant's Wife, Act iv. sc. 5. Otway. Prologue to N. Lee's Constantine the Great.


bulo; Lat. FungsMy hand trembles to that degree that I can hardly hold Thus iron in aquafortis will fall into ebullition, with noise bulus, from funis, a rope, and ambulare, to walk, to my pen, my understanding flutters, and my memory fumbles. and emication, as also a crass and fumid exhalation.

move about. Evelyn, in his Numismata, speaks Chesterfield. Miscell. Works, vol. iv. Let. 71.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii.

a Cat under the name of a Funamble Turk. FUME, v. Fr. Fumer ; It. Fumàre; Sp.

Two or three of these fumid vortices are able to whirle it Funambulo,—a walker or dancer upon a rope.

about the whole city, rendering it in few minutes lik the Fume, n. Humear, ahumar. By similar picture of Troy sacked by the Greeks, or the approaches of I make no more estimation of the like, (tricks d artificia! FU'MID. metaphor, says Junius, the En- Mount Hecla.-Evelyn. Fumifugium, pt. i.

memory) whereof in the faculties of the mind there is FU'MIGATE. glish use the verb to vapour ; Sub.

O, good sir!

copia, and such as by device and practice may be entsti FUMIGA'TION. He fumeth and vapoureth; from There must be a world of ceremonies passe,

an extreme degree of wonder, than I do of the trials FU'MING, n.

tumblers, funamboloes, &c.-Bacon. Adv. of Learnisa, the Lat. Fumus, smoke, exha- You must be bath'd and fumigated first. FU'MINGLY. lation. Skinner prefers the

B. Jonson. The Alchymist, Act i. sc. 2. We see the industry and practice of tumblers and fem FU'MISH. Ger. Faum,

to foam
O fancie fond, thy fumings hath me fed,

bulos, what effects of great wonder it bringeth the bocas FU'MISHLY.

In A. L.

The stinking stench of thine inclin'd host, through passion.

man unto.-Id. Letters. Temp. Jac. To Šir Hesry Searches Hath poysened all the virtues in my brest. FU'MOUS. Faman, spumare, to foam.

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 250.

You have so represented

unto me as behind I Fumo'sity. To smoke, to vapour, to eva.

see him walking not like a funambulus upon a torta One loues soft musick and sweet melodie,

upon the edge of a razor.--Reliquiæ Wottonissa, p. 187. FU'MOUSLY. porate, to exhale; and (met.) Another is perhaps melancholike, FU'MY. to effervesce with any ebulli- Another fumish is and cholerike.-Id. p. 158.

Tread softly and circumspectly in this funsstuet

track and narrow path of goodness.-Brown. Car. He is tion of passion; to swell or glow with any idle That which we moove for our better learning and instrucfancy or vain conceit. tion sake, turneth to anger and choler in them: they grow FU'NCTION

Fr. Function ; It. Faustin, Hir dremes shul not now be told for me ;

altogether out of quiet nesse with it; they answer fumingly,
that they are ashamed to defile their pennes with making from Fungi, inest in hac voce

notio, (says Fortes FU'NCTIONARY. Sp. Funcion ;

Lat. Feet Ful were hir hedes of fumositie, That causeth dreme, of which ther is no charge.

answers to such idle questions. Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,671

Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. V. 8. 22. perficiendi ac perdu cendi ad finem ; a notice al Of which ther riseth swiche fumositee

Newcastle was besieg’d and blocked up in our late wars, performing and bringing to an end. And be de That whan a man hath dronken draughtes three,

so as through the great dearth and scarcity of coales, those rives it from finis, the end. And weneth that he be at home in Chepe

fumous works many of them were either left off, or spent Performance of an object, of an office or doty: He is in Spaigne.-Id. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12,501.

but few coales in comparison to what they now use. an office, faculty or power.

Evelyn. Fumifugium, pt. i. But euen yet styll thei stand without the doores fuming and freatyng, for that the churche reioyeth for the Gentiles

Eaten after meate when a man is drunken indeed, it rid

Neyther had God's open veryte condempned thesfax receiued to the saluacion of the Ghospell.–Udal. Luke, c. 15. deth away the fumosities in the braine, and bringeth him to

preferynge vyrgynyte as the better or more det be sober.-Holland. Plinie, b. XX. c. 9.

gyfte, or as S. Paule noteth it, more free to all gods, If they (egges) be fried harde, they be of yll nourishment,

cions.-Bale. Apology, fol. 106. and do make stynkynge fumes in the stomake, and do corrupt

I bear them hence (s0 Jove my soul inspires) other meates wyth whome they be mingled.

From the pollution of the fuming fires.

Yea, Peter and Andrewe both were fishers, theriore timSir T. Elyot. Governovr, b. ii.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xvii. porall men may bee called, if they bee worthi, and desiz

this spirituall function.-Wilson. Arte of Logike, fol. ä. The said house whiche Solomon builte in Hierusalem,

But, least of all, Philosophy presumes

of truth in dreams, from melancholy fumes. was a busie thing, with slaughter of beastes, with fumiga

Thus for certaine daies, the king being dead, and his death cions, wyth washynges, and verai troubleous with perfumes.

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther. concealed, he under colour of executing the section of our Udal. Luke, c. 24. But if a pinching winter thou foresee

ther, gathereth strength to himselfe. Helland. Lities på They [deuotion and knowledge) savour togither farre more And would'st preserve thy famish'd family;

What I have loosely or profanely writ, sweetly than any fumigation either of juniper, incense, or

With fragrant thyme the city fumigate.

Let them to fires, their due desert, commit: whatsoeuer else, be they neuer so pleasant, doth sauour in

Id. Virgil. Georgics, b. iv.

Nor when accus'd by me let them complain: any man's nose. Fox. Martyrs, p. 1017. Answer of John Lambert. practises, in preserving the fumigated juices of herbs. I shall only subjoin this secret, which a friend of mine

Their faults, and not their function, I arraign, As touching the reproche in naming him a Samaritane,

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 144. So slow th' unprofitable moments roll, although it were commonly taken for great rebuke and

That lock up all the functions of my soul: slaundre, yet because it was naught elles but a fumishe

It was the custom of the ancients to force bees out of their

That keep me from myself; and still delay checke spoken in a furie, he made no answere at al there- hives by fumigation.-Fawkes. The Argonautics, b. ii. Note.

Life's instant business to a future day. vnto, as though they had but called hym a mushrome, or an

Tyrian garbs,

Pope. Imitation of Horace, b. i. En l. oynion.--Udal. John, c. 8.

Neptunian Albion's high testaceous food,
This Pope was not profytable for them, nor also to the
And flavour'd Chian wines with incence fum'd

All human bodies, for example, though each of them church as they said, for he was a fumisshe man and malin

To slake patrician thirst. Dyer. Ruins of Rome.

sists of almost an infinite number of parts, are perfectes colyous.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 346.

uniform in their structure and functions; and the sound And fum'd with frankincence on ev'ry side

thing may be said of all the animals and plants of any pare And if he had not in the front of his booke intituled him- He begs their flatt'ry with his latest breath,

ticular species. Beattie. Moral Science, pl. ii. c. 1. selfe to be an Englishman, by his writing I woulde haue And smother'd in't at last, is prais'd to death. iudged him rather some wilde Irishman latelie crept out of

Cowper. Truth. We ought to fall in with the ideas of Mons. Mostra't S. Patrickes purgatorie, so wilde he writeth, so fumishlie he

Great pity too

circular manifesto; and to do business of course with fareth.--Fox. Martyrs, p. 534. Defence of the Lord Cobham. That having wielded th' elements and built

functionaries, who act under the new power, by wbachts A thousand systems, each in his own way,

king, to whom his majesty's minister has been sent TPWherefore if it be true, that M. More sayth in the sequell of his booke, that grace and charity increaseth in them that

They should go out in fume, and be forgot.

side, has been deposed and imprisoned. lye in the paynes of purgatory, then is it not agreeable, that

Id. Task, b. iii.

Burke, Thoughts on Fresch 4 Fourt such soules lying so long in purgatory should so soone forget Oppress'd with sleep, and drownd in fumy wine,

Their republick is to have a first functionary, is tneir charity, and fall a railing in their supplication so The prostrate guards their regal charge resign.

call him) under the name of king, or not, as they think it fumishly.-id. 10. p.927. Supplication for Souls in Purgatory.

Brookes. Constantia.

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Dryden, En la



FUND, v.
The Lat. Funda, a sling, a It [is] thus manifest that the power of kings and ma- It was agreed, that Siccius forth with should be convaied

to Rome, had not the Decemvers made haste to solemnise FUND, 12.

gistrates is nothing else, but what is only derivative, transnet, was also applied to a bag 1 ferra and committed to them in trust from the people to the his junerals souldiour-like, at the publike charges of the FOND-HOLDER. or purse, formed like a net,

common good of them all, in whom the power yet remains common treasurie.-Holland. Livivs, p. 116. (a reticule,) fortasse quia nummos iis infunderent fundamentally, and cannot be taken from them, without a

[Though] he cannot raise thee a poor monument, effunderentque, or frorn its likeness to a sling. violation of their natural birthright.

Milton. The Tenure of Kings & Magistrates.

Such as a flatterer or a usurer hath ; Cotgrave says,—the tax or aide which in the year

Thy worth, in every honest breast, builds one, 3. *** 1412 should have been imposed on every arpent The angry beast did straight resent

Making their friendly hearts thy funeral stone. (acre) was called fond de terre. Fond, he says, is The wrong done to his fundament.--Hudibras, pt. i. c. 2.

Massinger. The Fatal Dowry, Act ii. sc. 1. 180,—-merchant's stock, whether it be money Fundamental is a metaphor taken from the foundation of Even crows were funerally burnt. of money's worth. (See Refund.) It is now a building, upon which the fabrick is erected, and without

Brown. Urn Burial, c. 1. which it cannot stand. So that fundamental principles are applied to

such as are presupposed to the duties of religion (one or Thus we see them walk and converse in London, pursu'd Any stock; and to fund, to place or invest more) and such, as are absolutely necessary to the doing of and haunted by that infernal smoake, and the funest accinoney in the (public) stocks. them.-Glanvill, Ess. 5.

dents which accompany it wheresoever they retire. Lord Verulam, at the beginning of the last century, ex

Evelyn. Fumisugium. To the Reader. The parliament went on slowly in fixing the fund for the pressed his judgment of the great importance of distin

[Mushrooms are] generally reported to have something upplies they had voted.-Burnet. Own Time, an. 1698. guishing rightly between points fundamental and points of malignant and noxious in them : nor without cause, from further perfection; so he worded the distinction, though I

the many sad examples, frequent mischiefs, and funest acciIt has been said, that our funding system has contributed think not accurately.-Waterland. Works, vol. viii. p. 87. dents they have produc'd, not only to particular persons but preserve the effects of our revolution, to preserve the

to whole families.-Id. Acetaria, s. 39. kterests, and keep up the spirit of the country, to enable us

And this examinant further saith, that the fundamentals thwart the ambitious views of the house of Bourbon. in this examinant's last examination mentioned to be pre- One of these crowns or garlands is most artificially wrought Fox. Speech on the Assessed Tax Bill, Dec. 14. 1797. pared by Mr. Wade, Col. Romzey and this examinant, were in fillagree work with gold and silver wire, in resemblance only rough drawn up by the said Mr. Wade's own hand.

of myrtle (with which plants the funebrial garlands of the On the 31st of December, 1697, the publick debts of

Slate Trials, an. 1683. Introd. to the Rye-House Plot.

ancients were composed.)-Brown. Miscell. Tracts, p. 29. Creat Britain funded and unfunded amounted *1,515,742. 135. 84d.--Smith. Weallh of Nations, b. v. c. 3. But I am able to prove, from the doctrine of Calvin and

The work once ended, all the vast resort the principles of Buchanan, that they set the people above

Of mourning people went to Priam's court; v In 1697, by the 8th of William III. c. 20, the deficiencies

the magistrate ; which, if I mistake not, is your own funda- There they refresh'd their weary limbs with rest, several taxes were charged upon what was then called

mental, and which carries your loyalty no farther than your Ending the funeral with a solemn feast. e first general mortgage or fund, consisting of a prolonga- liking.-- Dryden. Epistle to the Whigs.

Congreve. Helen's Lamentation. it to the first of August 1706, of several different taxes When we apply the epithet fundamental either to religion From the red field their scatter'd bodies bear ; rich would have expired within a shorter term, and of in general or to Christianity in particular, we are supposed And nigh the fleet a funeral structure rear; hich the produce was accumulated into one general fund. to mean something essential to religion or Christianity; 80 So decent urns their snowy bones may keep, Id. Ib. necessary to its being, or at least to its well-being, that it

And pious children o'er their ashes weep. could not subsist, or not maintain itself tolerably without it. In Great Britain, from the time that we had first recourse

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. vii.

Waterland. Works, vol. viii. p. 88. the ruinous expedient of perpetual funding, the reduction

Unless with filial rage Orestes glow, the publick debt, in time of peace, has never borne any This notion shows the extreme folly and absurdity of all

And swift prevent the meditated blow; portion to its accumulation in the time of war.-Id. Ib. those who (fundamentally erring from the truth and nature

You timely will return a welcome guest, of things,) found their religion here, and their expectation With him to share the sad funereal feast. Would you tax the land proprietor by a direct impost ? of happiness hereafter, in any thing else (what soever it be)

Id. Odyssey, b. iv. ., it is not attempted. Would you tax the property of the

distinct from virtue, and righteousness, and charity, and ad-holder ? No, no minister has yet been either blind or true holiness.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 32.

Near the end of two years, at the anniversary of his indoned enough to attempt it.

mother's funeral, who had died but a few years before, Fox. Speech on the Assessed Tax Bill, Dec. 14, 1797.

He did not reflect that a fundamental truth (which he having lived long mad, he [Charles V.) took a conceit that will not venture to dispute any more than the believer) he would see an obit made for himself, and would have his

stands very much in the way of his conclusion; namely, own funeral-rites performed, to which he came himself, with FUNDAMENT. Fr. Fundamentel; Sp. that God, in the moral government of the world, never does the rest of the monks, and pray'd most devoutly for the rest PrxdAME'NTAL, n. that in an extraordinary way, which can be equally well of his own soul, which set all the company on weeping.

Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1556. mentale ; Lat. Fundamen. effected in an ordinary. FUNDAMENTALLY.

Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. iv. s. 6.

Its [asbestos) principal use, according to Pliny, was for im fundare, to lay deeply. See FOUNDATION.

One, bred up in the arts of Egyptian legislation, could the making of shrouds for royal funerals, to wrap up the The bottom, ground, or basis, i. e. that upon people to government on makonis of religion and policy of the wood whereof the funeral-pile was composed.

never, on his own head, have thou, ht of reducing an unruly corps so as the ashes might be preserved distinct from that rich any thing may stand or rest, be set, raised fundamentally opposite to all the principles of Egyptian

Cambridge. The Scribleriad, b. iv. established, from which any thing may rise or wisdom.--Id. On Several Occasional Reflections.

We are not to imagine, however, as it is commonly beFU'NERAL, N. Written by our old writers,

lieved, that these violences were owing to the general indigle is lyk to a man that bildeth an hous, that diggide depe FU'NERAL, adj.

Funeralls. Fr. Funérailles ;

nation of the citizens against the murderers of Cæsar, Tætte the foundement on a stoon.-Wiclif. Luk, c. 6.

excited either by the spectacle of his body, or the eloquence FU'NERALLY. Lat. Funus. Either from

of Antony, who inade the funeral oration. Ind yet, God wot, uneth the fundament FUNE'REAL. funis, a torch ; because fu

Middleton. Life of Cicero, vol. iii. s. 9 arfourmed is, ne of our pavement

FUNE'BRIAL. nerals were performed by S'is not a tile within our wones:

Sighs from a breaking heart my voice confound, FUNE'ST. By God we owen fourty pound for stones.

torch light; or more pro- With trembling steps to join yon weeping train,

I haste, where gleams the funeral glare around, Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7685. bably from povos, cædes, slaughter, because properly it is--of a man slain, (Vossius.) It is

And mix'd with shrieks of woe the knells of death resound. The stone was hard of adamaunt

Beattie. The Minstrel, b. ii. Wherof they made the foundemaunt

applied toChe tour was round made incompas.-Id. Rom. of the R. The performance of the rite or ceremony of

FUNGE. Fr. Funge ; Lat. Fungus, from burial or sepulture of the dead; the burial, sepul- FU'NGUS. fundere, (in the opinion of ScheiThe which thinge is sustayned, by as stronge foundements ture or interment.

FUNGO'sity. dius,) effundens se, et latè cresreason, that is to sain, that more unselie ben thei, that

FU'NGOUS. Funest (Fr. Funeste ; It. and Sp. Funesto; Lat. 1 wrongs to other folke, then thei that wrong suffren.

cens ; pouring itself forth, and Id. Boecius b. iv. Funestus, deadly, pernicious,) seems a favourite spreading widely. Funge is applied by Burton der cercles more or less bee word with Evelyn.

toHade after the proporcion

One who has no more brains than a toadstool And after that came woful Emelie, Df the erthe whose condicion With fire in hond, as was that time the gise

has substance; an empty-headed fellow.
s set to be fundament
To sustaine vp the firmament.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

To don the office of funeral service.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2914.

When as indeed, in all wise men's judgments, quibus cor

sapit, they are mad, empty vessels, funges. Sow suppose that Heraclitus or Eriostratus the physi- After that he had thrust forth from the funerals the

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 113. D$; nay Æsculapius himself whilst he was a mortall mournyng multitude, he taking the father and mother of Hi, should come to an house furnished with drugs, medi

the mayden, entred into the parlour, where the corps of Touching those excressences in manner of mushromes, es and instruments requisite for the cure of diseases, and the mayden dyd lye.- Udal. Matthew, c. 9.

which be named fungi, they are by nature more dull and $ whether any man there had a fistula in ano, that is, an

slow.--Holland. Plinie, b, xxii. c. 23. low and hidden ulcer within his fundament.

For before he came to his campe, hee was aduertised of
Holland. Plutarch, p. 114.

the death of Erigius, one of his most notable capitaynes ; We may be sure of raine, in case we see a fungous sub

whose funeralls were bothe celebrated wyth greate pompe stance or soot gathered about lapips and candle snuffs. And this I take to be a great cause, that hath hindered the and ceremonies of honour.-Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol.216.

Id. Ib. b. xviii. c. 35.
Agression of learning, because these fundamental know-
zes have been studied but in passage.
This noble prince [Edward IV.) deceased at his palice of

Thou, late exulting in thy golden hair,
Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii.
Westminster, and with greate funerall honoure and heauy-

As bright as Phæbus, or as Cynthia fair,
nesse of his people from thence conueyde, was entered at

Now view'st, alas ! thy forehead smooth and plain For as Philippe de l'Orme observeth, the breaking or Windesor.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 35.

As the round fungus daughter of the rain.

Fawkes. From Petronius. elding of a stone in this part (substruction,] but the breadth the back of a knife, will make a cleft of more than half a

Nowe put me hereunto the trumpettes that sounde vnto of in the fabrick aloft: so important are fundamental the deafe, the singing menne that sing vayne funerall songes

Eggs cast into the matrix of the earth, or certain little Tors.- Reliquiæ Wottonianæ, p. 19. vnto ye dead bodie, which heareth them not.

pustulæ, or fungosities on its surface. Udal. Marke, c. 5.

Biblioth. Bibl. (Ox. 1720.) i. 292. The law of nature is the only law of laws truly and pro- Yet was I with such bloodshed bought full dere,

The chief sign of life she [the Church of England) now Erly to all mankind fundamental, the beginning and the And priz'd with slaughter of their generall :

gives is the exsuding from her sickly trunk a number of ad of all government; to which no parlament or people The moniment of whose sad funerall,

deformed funguses ; which call themselves of her, because at will thoroughly reform, but may and. must have re- For wonder of the world, long in me lasted.

they stick upon her surface, and suck out the little remains urse. -Millon. Free Commonwealth.

Spenser. The Ruines of Time, s. 17. of her sap and spirit.-Warburton. Introduction to Julian.


FONDAME'NTAL., adj. S malis, from fundamentum,

V ring.

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