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You are a counsellor, if you can command these elements My Delia hath the waters of mine eyes,

For earst I had obseru'd this arte, to silence, and worke the peace of the present, wee will not The ready hand-maids on her grace t'attend;

Delay giues men desier: hand a rope more, vse your authoritie.

That never fall to ebb, but ever dries;

Yeat lothe to hurt my haste, and least
Shakespeare. The Tempest, Act i. sc. 1. For to their flow she never grants an end.

The hansell should retyer,

Daniel. Sonnets to Delia, s. 45. I was not ouer coye, nor he
Sooth, when I was yong,
And handed loue, as you do; I was wont
In this text, 'tis evident it (Hell) cannot be understood in

To warme him at my fier.

Warner. Albion's England, b.ix. c. 47. To load my shee with knackes.

that signification, (the state of the damned.) For, that David Id. Winter's Tale, Act iv. sc. 3. was not condemned to that place of torment, is agreed on

And Eutropius reporteth, that even unto this time, when all hands. --Sharp, vol. v. Ser. 14.

a new Emperour came to be received of the Senate, among Come, my mates, I hitherto have lived an ill example,

He shall have 501. for such discovery aforesaid of the prin

the cries of good handsell, and the wishes of good luck that And, as your captain, led you on to mischief; ter, or the publisher of it from the press, and for the hander

were made unto him, one was, Happier be thou than But now will truly labour, that good men of it to the press 1001. &c.

Augustus, and better than Trajan.

North. Plutarch. Amiot to the Readers. May say hereafter of me, to my glory,

Life of Maroell. Proclamation, an. 1678. (Let but my power and means hand with my will,) The enemy took here, and in the town, as also of those

Neither as yet is it for certaine knowne, why he first and His good endeavours did weigh down his ill.

above all others was counted a meet man to take hansell, Massinger. The Renegado, Act iv. sc. I. who pursued them in the night contrary to my orders, four

or take sey of this new dignitie and promotion. score prisoners : and had taken more, if they had not received

Holland. Livius, p. 188 What false Italian

a check upon their first arrival in the town by a handfull of (As poysonous tongu'd, as handed) hath preuail'd men.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 124.

HAND-SOME. Hand,

and term. some, On thy too ready hearing? Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iii. sc. 2.

Therefore it was fit to proceed slowly, that the world might HA'NDSOMING. hoc est aliquid, (Wallis.) see with what moderation as well as justice the matter was

HA'NDSOMELY. See Some. I'faith, I would faine see that Dæmon, your cutpurse, hundled.-Burnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1529.

HA'NDSOMENESS. Dut. Hand-saem, dexter, you talke of, that delicate handed Diuell. B. Jonson. Bartholomew Fayre, Act iii. sc. 5. An olive's cloudy grain the handle made,

manu promptus, dexterous or handy, prompt or

Distinct with studs; and brazen was the blade. Now, O thou sacred muse, most learned dame,

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii.

ready with the hand; and thus Faire impe of Phæbus, and his aged bride,

Clever, skilful ; cleverly or skilfully done ; and Afterwards, his innocency appearing, he was delivered, The nurse of time, and euerlasting fame,

and escaped those severe handlings that some of the duke's thus, further, suitable or well adapted, convenient That warlike hands ennoblest with immortall name. friends and retainers underwent.

or becoming ; suiting the state, or condition, or Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 11.

Strype. Life of Sir T. Smith, c. 4.

rank; graceful, liberal, noble. He durst not for offending God & his owne conscience, And so much for the explanation of my text, wherein I (although he had occasion, and opportunity) once lay his have been of necessity so large, that I have little time left

He is very desyrus to serve yor Grace, and seymes to me hands on God's high officer the king. me for the handling of the useful observations that may be

to be a very handsome man.-Lodge. Illustrat. vol. i. p. 178. Homilies. Sermon of Obedience, pt. ii. drawn from it.—Bp. Bull. Works, vol. i. Ser. 5.

Gresham to the Duke of Northumberland.
About him exercis'd heroic games
Of all their treatises on this subject which the ancient

At theyr comming, forasmuche as they had not so handTh' unarmed youth of heav'n, but nigh at hand ages furnished, and the succeeding ones have handed down

some horses, he toke the horses fro the Marshals and RoCelestiall armourie, shields, helmes, and speares, to us, the best, without dispute, is that which Cicero wrote

mane horsmen, and from such as he had raised vpon the Hung high with diamond flaming, and with gold. concerning the Offices or Duties of men.

sodeine, and distributed them among ye Germanes. Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv.

Pearce, vol. i. Ser. 15.

Goldynge. Cæsar, fol. 220. There's 20 duckats in hand, at my return

I, for one, as a member of this House, and as a Bishop of But in making them [engines of war] hereunto, they have I'll give you a 100.

this realm, lay my hand upon my heart, and say in the most chief respect that they be both easy to be carried, and handBeaum. & Fletch. Fair Maid of the Inn, Act iv. solemn manner, That, in my judgment, we shall best pro- some to be moved and turned about. mote these great ends by appointing his royal highness the

More. Utopia, by Robinson, b. ii. c. 10. Because the work might in truth be judged brainish, if Prince of Wales and heir apparent to the crown, regent, nothing but amorous humour were handled therein, I have with full regal power.

Phauorinus the Philosopher (as Gellius telleth the tale) interwoven matters historicall.

Bp. Watson. Speech on the Regency Bill, Jan. 22, 1789.

did hit a yong man ouer the thumbes very handsomely, for Drayton. England's Heroical Epistles. To the Reader.

vsing ouer old, and ouer straunge words. Were they then to be awed by the super-eminent authority

Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 3. All vessels are best handled by their ansæ or ears, on and awfull dignity of a handfull of country clowns, who have what part soever they stand; he that handleth them other- seats in that assembly, some of whom are said not to be able

There are many townes and villages also, but built out of wise, handleth them but aukwardly: so it is with men's to read or write --Burke. On the French Revolution.

order, and with no hansomeness. minds: there are in every man's opinion or affections certain

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 248. ansæ or ears, whereon a wise perswader should lay his

A common smith, who, though accustomed to handle the hammer, has never been used to make nails, if, upon some

Saying, “Him, whom I last left, all repute hold, to draw men unto him.

For his device, in handsoming a suit,
Mede. On Texts of Scripture, Dis. 35.

particular occasion, he is obliged to attempt it, will scarce,
I am assured, be able to make three hundred nails in a day.

To judge of lace, pink, panes, print, cut, and plait,

or all the court to have the best conceit."-Donne, Sat. I. Pursue and use your swiftest speed, that we may take for

Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. i. prise

But first I'll tell you, by this honest ale,
The shield of old Neleides, which Fame lifts to the skies,
A very learned and polite author, whose just esteem for

In my conceit this is a pretty tale ;
Euen to the handles, telling it, to be of massie gold.
Cicero's writings has betrayed him, perhaps, into some par-

And if some handsome players would it take,
Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. viii. tiality towards his actions, acknowledges that “the defence

It (sure) a pretty interlude would make.
of Vatinius gave a plausible handle for some censure upon

Drayton. The Moon-Calf. That my frayle eies these lines with teares do steepe, Cicero."-Melmoth. Cicero, b. ii. Let. 17. Note 5. To thinke how she through guyleful handeling,

And his design there was plainly no other, than to reduce Though true as touch, though daughter of a king, It will prove, that some degree of care and caution is

the civil and poetical theologies of the Pagans into some Though faire as ever living vight was fayre, required in the handling such an object; it will show that

handsome conformity and agreement with that philosophical, Though nor in word nor deede ill meriting, you ought not, in reason, to trifle with so large a mass of the

natural, and real theology of theirs, which derived all the Is from her knight divorced in despayre. interests and feelings of the human race.

Gods from one supreme and universal Numen.

Burke. On Conciliation with America.
Spenser. Faerie Queere, b. i. c. 3.

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 498.
A good man, who chances to be present, is often backward
At Ariminum, there were two infants both of free con-
to rebuke him because he is at a loss about the manner of

But the gravity which was usually found in the Lacededition borne without eies and nose, and another in the Picene doing it, and fears to expose a good cause by his method of

monians, hinder'd them (perhaps) from playing their game countrey handelesse and footelesse. ---Holland. Livius, p. 879. handling it.-Pearce, vol. iii. Ser. 15.

handsomely against so nimble a wit.

Ralegh. History of the World, b. iii. c. 8. s. 6. So Artegall at length him forst forsake

HA'NDSELL, v. A. S. Hand-selen, or sylen, His horses backe for dread of being drown'd,

We met with one ship more loaded with linnen, China-silk, And to his handy swimming him betake.

HA'ndsell, n. mancipatio,-a putting over and China-dishes, amongst which we found also a faulcon of Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 2. into another's hand, or possession. Hence our gold, handsomely wrought with a great emerald set in the And can it be, that this most perfect creature, handsell, (Somner.) And Junius, that it is a

breast of it.--Sir F. Drake. The World Encompassed, p. 61. This image of his Maker, well squar'd man,

word of Saxon origin, composed of hand and Yet if there be a lady not competently stock'd that way, Should leave the handfast, that he had of grace,

sellan, the latter signifying not only vendere but she shall not on the instant utterly despair, if she carry a To fall into a woman's easie armes.

sufficient pawn of handsomeness. Beaum. & Fletch. The Woman Hater, Act iti. dare; and that handsell is equivalent to hand-gift.

Carew. Cælum Britannicum. And see Jamieson, and Tooke. He that tooke him (Sir James of Desmond) was a smith, A sale, gift, or delivery into the hand of another;

The Romans were so fully convinced of the power of and seruant to Sir Cormac, who foorthwith handfasted him. Holinshed. Chronicles of Ireland, an. 1580. a taking or receiving in hand; applied to the first

beauty, that the word fortis, strong or valiant, signifies, like

wise, fair or handsome.-Fawkes. Cupid Benighted, Note. delivery or receiving ; to a first using; to a deliThe which if the Scottes would most holilie and hand- very or receiving as a pledge, or earnest, of some- We should never, at least with much earnestness, meddle fostlie promise, the English would foorth with depart with a thing to follow.

with affairs more properly belonging to others, and which quiet armie.-Id. History of Scotland, an. 1546.

we do not, or may not, handsomely pretend to understand so To handsell,—to use or try the use, to try ex

well as others; such are affairs beside our profession. John Speed was born at Farrington in this county, as his perimentally; to try, to make experiments.

Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 21, own daughter hath informed me. He was first bred to a handicraft, and as I take it to a taylor.

Geuen Gloton with glad chere goud ale to ansele.

By a life spent in abject servility, in courting a capricious Fuller. Worthies. Cheshire.

Piers Plouhman, p. 106. world, in deceiving the credulous, in contriving schemes of Æneas first the rusticke sort sets on

advantage or pleasure, and in hardening his conscience, he Having gathered to them a multitude of artisanes and

Por happy hansils sake, and Latynes layes the ground

has, at last, in his fiftieth year, obtained some promotion, handicraftsmen, whom in hope of spoile they had called

uppon, (stravitque Latinos.)

and accumulated a handsome sum of money. forth, they purpose and prepare to besiege the cittie also,

Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. x.

Knox. Essays, No. 102. which aforetime had been altogether unacquainted with the like sturres.--Holland. Livius, p. 146.

For consecrating after popes

No more could Augustin, when upon second thoughts, They golden rites prefer,

but not the wisest, he contended for the doctrine of perseAnd so covering his head, and holding an handkerchiefe And, hansling Rome with heresies,

cution, in some letters which Bayle has taken to pieces very before his face, to horseback hee went.

In factious schismes did erre.

handsomely, in his philosophical commentary.
Holland. Suetonius, p. 205.
Warner. Albion's England, b. xii. c. 75.

Jortin. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History. VOL. I.

961

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HANG, v. Goth. Hahan; A. S. Hang- Though divers creditable witnesses deposed that Gregory We shall be able to part both with it and them, without HA'NGER. an, pendere, suspendere. Dut. Bandon, who was common hangman, had confessed and any great regret or reluctancy, and to live from them for

owned to have executed the King, yet the jury found him and Ger. Hang-en ; Sw. Hanga. (Capt. Wm. Howlet) guilty of the indightment.

ever, without any disquieting longings or karkerings after HA'NGING, N.

them.-Scott. Christian Life, pt. i. c. 3. HA'NGBY. Junius derives from Goth.

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 74. HA'NGMAN. Hauh, high. Wilkins, speak

[He is) content to sit still, and let his train of thought The nest of the Guira tangeima, the Icterus minor, and

glide indolently through his brain, without much use, pering of the several kinds of actions or gestures, the Jupujuba, or whatever other name the American hang- haps, or pleasure, but without hankering after any thing positions or postures of material substance, which nests may be called by, are of this kind.

better, and without irritation. do refer to the weight being incumbent upon Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 13. Note 10.

Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. i. c.6. something, first, below it,-second, above it, That thieves are hanged in England, I thought no reason

why they should not be shot in Otaheite ; because, with classes hanging in the second division.

HAP. Skinner says, a very common word in respect to the natives, it would liave been an execution by Lincolnshire, from A. S. Hecpian, cumulare, q.d To append, depend, impend, or suspend; to fix a law ex post facto.-Cook. Voyages, b. i. c. 14.

stragulis cumulare: and Rayor fasten to, in a dependent, a pendulous state or

I'd hangings weave in fancy's loom,

To happe, -to cover for warmth, from heap, I position; to rest, or remain in a dependent state;

For Lady Norton's dressing room.

suppose, to heap clothes on me. in a pendulous, or hovering, or elevated state; as

Mason. Ode to Sir Fletcher Norton.

Happing,—a coarse covering, a rug for a bed. if incumbent upon, or supported by, something This indeed may be the height of the hangman's charity, above. who waits for your clothes : but it could never be St. Paul's. shreds, (Baret's Alvearie.) Skinner doubts whe

Hapharlat,—a coarse covering made of divers Vor hor wiues & hor dogtren the king ofte uor lay

Warburton. Commentary on the Essay on Man.

ther the word be nostræ linguæ civis. Hap& hangede men gulties vor wraththe al longe day.

But now her wealth and finery fled,

harlot, a coverling for a servant, is a rery old R. Gloucester, p. 509. Her hangers-on cut short all; First was he drawen for his felonie,

The doctors found, when she was dead,

word, (Brocket.) & as a thefe than slawen, on galwes hanged hie.

Her last disorder mortal.
R. Brunne, p. 247.

Goldsmith. On Mrs. Mary Blaze.

There one garment will serve a man most commonly to

years : for why should he desire more! seeing if he had And hope hongeth ay ther on. to have that treuthe de- HA'NGER. A weapon. Dut. Hangher, pugio them, he should not be the better hapt or covered from serveth.

Piers Plouhman, p. 241. de zonâ pendens : hangherken, gladiolus qui a cold, neither in his apparel any whit the cornelier. An haywarde and an heremyte. the hangman of Tyborne femore suspenditur, (Kilian.) And Skinner

More. Utopia, by Robinson, b. ii. c. 4. Dauwe the dyker, with a dosen hariotes. Id. p. 106. “ A short sword, so called because it is hanged The second is the great (although not generall) amendAnd Claudius, to the side."

ment of lodging. for (said they) our fathers (yea, and we That servant was unto this Appius,

ourselues als) haue lien full oft vpon straw pallets

, on rough Was demed for to hange upon a tree.

I hapned to enter into some discourse of a hanger, which mats couered onelie with a sheet ynder couerlets made of
Chaucer. The Doctoures Tale, v. 12,205.
I assure you, both for fashion and work-manship, was most

dagswain or hop-harlots, (I vse their owne termes) and a peremptory-beautifull, and gentleman-like.

good round log vnder their heads in steed of a bo'ster er Their heare hanged about their eares.--Gower. Con. A. b. i.

B. Jonson. Every Man in his Humour, Act i. sc. 5.

pillow.-Holinshed. Description of England, b. ii. c. 12. And the Sonday after Bartelmew daye, was one Cratwell

Finding himself attacked at the same time in the rear by hangman of London, and two persones more hanged at the Jowler, and fearing Cæsar might recover, he drew his

HAP, v. wrestlyng place on the backesyde of Clerkenwell besyde hanger, and wheeled about, and by a lucky stroke severed

Wachter has, Happen, which

Hap, n. Londo.-Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 30.

he interprets contingere, acci. Jowler's head from his body.

HA'Pless. dere, benè vel malè succedere ; I am blacke (0 ye doughters of Jerusalem) like as the

Smollett. Roderick Random, c. 3.

Ha'ply. tentes of the Cedarenes, and as the hagings of Salomon.

and remarks that the English Bible, 1551. Salomon's Ballettes, c. 1.

HANK, n. / Lye thinks may be from the Isl. HA'PPEN, v.
Hank, v.

preserve the word. The Ger. Me thinke if then their cause be rightly scande,

| Hank, vinculum; Skinner, from Ha'ppy. and Dut, have Happeren, predThat they should more delight to follow drummes, to hang; and Tooke (who produces the examples HAPPILY.

dere, apprehendere, to seize or Than byde at home to come in hangman's thumbes. of the verb from Hoper) that, “ to have a hank HA'PPINESS. take in the hand. Fr. Happer, Gascoigne. The Fruiles of Warre. upon any one, is, to have a hold upon him; or to HA'PPIOUS.

to catch; which latter Menage Thou chafes at me

have something hank, hankyd, hanged, or hung derives from the Lat. Capere. The suggestions For payring of my nayle Amisse, at me thy frinde, and eke

upon him.” To hantch, in the passage from the of Skinner leave the English word quite uncerAn' hangeby at thy tale.-Drant. Horace, Ep. 1. Bible, seems to be the same word, k softened into tain. It probably is the Goth. and A. s. Hab-en,

tch. See Haunch. Show your sheepe-biting face, and be hang'd an houre.

to have or hold; and, consequentially

, to take Shakespeare. Measure for Measure, Act v. sc. 1.

And a hank of thread as much as is hankyd or or catch hold: and thus, hap will signify, any Though he had lost his place, his pow'r, his pains; hanged together.

thing had; and (as luck' also does) any thing Yet held his love, his friends, his title fast;

He hankyd not the picture of his body upon the crosse to caught. See HaBnAB. The whole frame of that fortune could not fail ;

teache them his death. As that which hung by more than by one nail.

Any thing, something, that comes or falls into
Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii.
Johan Hoper. Declaration of Christe, c. 5.

our hold or possession, any thing caught; chande, Lys. Hang off thou cat, thou bur; vile thing let loose,

The same bodye that hankyd upon the crosse.-Id. Ib. c. 8. accident, Inck.
Or I will shake thee from me like a serpent.
They shall roare, and hantche vp the praye, (lay hold of ]

Happy,—applied to those, to whom, or into
Shakespeare. Mids. Night's Dream, Act iii. sc. 2. and no man shall recover it or get it from them.

whose hold or possession, good comes or falls

; With that two sumpters were discharg'd,

Bible, 1551. Esay, c. 5. lucky, or having or causing good luck, successful In which were hangings braue,

Lady. But had I known this, had I but surmiz'd it, you fortunate, or having or causing good success of Silke couerings, curtens, carpets, plate,

should have hunted three trains more, before you had come good fortune ; prosperous. And all such turns should haue.

to th' course, you should have hankt o'th'bridle, Sir, i' faith, Warner. Albion's England, b. viii. c. 42.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Scornful Lady, Act v.

Happy-in Prologue to Hen. VIII.) is equiBeing affrighted at the rumour of that murder, (Claudius) Others had no certainty of their holds, which were wont q.d. causing happiness. In Cymbeline

, kapt,

valent to Lat. Felix, i. e. propitious, favourable ; slily crept forth and conveied himselfu into a Solar (solarium) next adioyning, and there hid himselfe betweene the

their landlords might have them upon the hank at 'no time, happily endowed ; accomplished. hangings that nung before the dore.

nor in any thing, to offend them. Holland. Suetonius, p. 157.

Happily, as haply, was used without reference Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1549. to good or bad fortune ; accidentally, perhaps

. And though his face be as ill

I love a friendship free and frank,
As theirs, which in old hangings whip Christ, still
And hate to hang upon a hank.-Byrom. Careless Content.

He had bien in his courte, whan his happe was mere He strives to look worse, he keeps all in awe.

hard.-R.Brunne, p. 59. Donne, Sat. 4. HANKER, 2 Skinner says, hank, in Lin

HA'NKERING, n. Scolnshire, is used for an in-poyson huppeliche I dronke, atte Warham his body was Then will the whole number of them which followed

And whenne Brigheric was dede, as aboue is saide, by Xerxes out of Asia into Greece, in all kinds, rise to the clination, or propensity of mind, from the verb take to buriels.- Id. p. 13, Note. number of 2317610 thousand (1817610) men, besides horseboyes and other servants, hangers on, &c.

to hang, q.d. to hang or hanker after. Met.-Usher. Annals, an. 3524. To hang about, stay, or remain, hanging or

And hute after the fende. happe hou hit myghte. The most part of Nicias' riches was in ready money, and loitering as in suspense; to loiter or linger, as unthereby he had many cravers and hangers on him, whom he willing to quit; to long after or for, to keep or

For whan a man hath overgret a wit, gave money unto.-North. Plutarch, p. 452 continue in a state of longing.

Ful oft him happeth to misusen it. Lady. They do slander him.

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, T. 16,117. Besides the Scriptures, there hath been so full an attestaOrl. Hang them, a pair of railing hangbies. tion given to them (wizards and magicians] by persons

For evermore mote we stand in drede Beaum. & Fletch. The Honest Man's Fortune, Act iv. unconcerned in all ages, that those our so confident ex

Of hap and fortune in our chapmanbede. Amo. Enter none but the ladies, and their hang-bies; wel ploders of them, in this present age, can hardly escape the

Id. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 13, 161. come beauties, and your kind shadowes.

suspicion, of having some hankring towards Atheism. B. Jonson. Cynthia's Revells, Act v. sc. 3.

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 703.

Certes (qd. she) if any wight definish hap in this mante

that is to saine, that happe is betidyng ybrought foorth, by He said: then nodding with the fumes of wine,

Are these barbarians of man-eating constitutions, that foolish mouing, and by no knitting of causes, I confirme Dropp'd his huge head, and snoring lay supine.

they so hanker after this inhumane diet, which we cannot that hap nys right naught in no wise, and I deeme ale His neck obliquely o'er his shoulders hung, imagine without horror.-Bentley, Ser. 1.

terlie, that hap nis, ne dwelleth but a voyce, as who saieth Press'd with the weight of sleep that tames the strong! Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. ix. And as for sensuality, though it cannot be supposed that

but an ydell woorde, without any significacion of thyer

committed to that voyce.--Id. Boecius, b. V. a soul should retain the appetites of the body, after it is So, in some well-wrought hangings, you may see

separated from it; yet having wholly abandon'd itself to At sondrie seasons, as fortune requireth How Hector leads, and how the Grecians flee :

corporeal pleasures while it was in the body, it may, and Seuerally they came to see her welfare, Here, the fierce Mars his courage so inspires,

doubtless will retain a vehement hankering after the re. But ones it happened, loue them so fireth That with bol hands the Argive feet he fires.

union with it, which is the only sensuality, that a separated To see their lady they all would not spare. Waller. To a Friend. soul is capable of.-Scott. Christian Life, pt. iii. c. 6.

Piers Plouhman, p. 316.

ld. The Remedie of Love

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And this Pamphilus saith also ; If thou be right happy, And sure, had not his massie yron mace

and all that opposition of interests, you had that action and that is to sayn, if thou be right riche, thou shalte finde a gret Betwixt him and his hurt bene happily,

counteraction, which, in the natural and in the political nomber of felawes and frendes; and if thy fortune chaunge, It would have cleft him to the girding place;

world, from the reciprocal struggle of discordant powers, and thou waxe poure, farewel frendshipe and felawshipe. Yet, as it was, it did astonish him long space.

draws out the harmony of the universe.
Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.
Spenser. Fuerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8.

Burke. On the French Revolution.
Imagining how to purchase
The thrusting of the Bible out of the house of God, is

The above account of human happiness will justify the two Grace of the quene there to bide rather there to bee feared, where men esteeme it a matter

following conclusions, which, although found in most books Till good fortune some happy guyde

so indifferent, whether the same bee by solemne appoint-of morality, have seldom, I think, been supported by Me send might.

Id. Dreame.

ment read publiquely, or not read, the bare text excepted, sufficient reasons. First, that happiness is pretty equally

which the preacher happily chuseth out to expound. distributed amongst the different orders of civil society. Not with vnstedfaste or happious thinge, but with rules

Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. v. § 20. Secondly, that vice has no advantage over vistue, even with of reason, whiche shewen the course of certaine thinges. Id. The Testament of Loue, b. i. Bap. Not in my house Lucentio, for you know

respect to this world's happiness. Pitchers haue eares, and I haue manie seruants,

Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. i. c. 6. The happes ouer mannes hede Besides old Gremio is hark'ning still,

One who knew him not so well as I do, would suspect this Ben honged with a tender threde.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi. And happilie we might be interrupted

was done to serve a purpose. No such matter; 'twas pure

Shakespeare. Taming the Shrew, Act iv. sc. 4. For if the clerke beware his feith

hap-hazard.-Warburton. Divine Legation, b. vi. Notes. In hapmanhode at such a feire,

What booteth it to have beene rich alive?
What to be great ? what to be gracious ?

HARA'NGUE, v.
The remnant more nedes empeire

Skinner writes Harang. Of all that to the worlde belongeth. Id. Ib. b. ii. When after death no token doth survive

HARA'NGUE, n. It. Aringa, arringo; Fr. or former being in this mortall hous,

Hara'NGUER.

Fr. verb ha. But the fortunes of warre be ryght peryllous, and so it But sleepes in dust dead and inglorious, kapped to hym, for he was putte downe feersly with a glayue, Like beast, whose breath but in his nostrels is

ranguer. Skinner thinks it may be from the Eng. so that he fell downe to the botome of the dyke, and with the And hath no hope of happinesse or blis.

Ring, because assemblies of auditors were held in fall brake his necke, and there he dyed.

Spenser. The Ruines of Time. rings or circles. “ The word (says Tooke) is
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 321.
Him, to whose happy-making sight alone

merely the pure and regular past part. Hrang, of Who would haue thought that my request

When once our heav'nly-guided soul shall clime, the A. S. verb, Hring-an, to sound, or make a great Should bring me furth such bitter frute? Then, all this earthly grossness quit,

sound. But now is hapt that I feard least, Attir'd with stars, we shall for ever sit,

(As hrino is also used.) And M. CaseAnd al thys harme comes by my sute.

Triumphing over Death, and Chance, and thee, O Time. neuve alone is right in his description of the word, Vncertaine Auctors. When Adversitie is once fallen, &c.

Millon. Ode on Time. when he says, 'Harangue est un discours prononcé

And the hope that I conceive of this good opportunitie and avec contention de voix.'" Such happes which happen in such haplesse warres,

(Diversions of Purley, Make me to tearme them broyles and beastly iarres.

effect thereof (my souldiours) ariseth not upon some fantas- ii. 274. And see Menage on the_Fr. and It. Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warre. ticall iinagination of mine owne braine, by hap-hazard and

nouns'; and Junius, in v. rank.) To harangue, upon vain presumption, but grounded upon good reason and Thou wilt happely say: the subiectes euer chose the ruler present experience.-Holland. Livivs, p. 578.

then, isand make hym sweare to keepe their law and to mainteine

To speak aloud, in a loud, sounding voice. their priuilegies and liberties; and vpon that submit their To brandish it (tongue) wantonly, to lay about with it

The author of the Ecclesiastical Politie had in so many selues vnto hym: Ergo, if he rule amisse they are not blindly and furiously, to slash and smite therewith any that bounde to obey.--Tyndal. Workes.

happeth to come in our way, doth argue malice or madness. books of his own indeavoured to harangue up the nation into

Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 17. fury against tender consciences. Besides these aduersities of the Carthaginienses, to the

Marvell. Works, vol. ii. p. 307. oft he resolves the ruins of the great, augmentation of their miserable calamities, it hapned that And sadly thinks on lost Bavaria's fate,

Anon their captain withal his army was vtterly destroyed in Sicil.

The hapless mark of fortune's cruel sport,

Grey-headed men and grave, with warriours mixt,
Goldyng. Justine, fol. 102.
An exile, meanly forc'd to beg support

Assemble, and harangues are heard.
Por thee I longde to live, for thee nowe welcome death:
From the slow bounties of a foreign Court.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi. And welcome be that happie pang, that stops my gasping

Rowe. To the Earl of Godolphin.

And though amongst the antient Romans, men were not breath. Gascoigne. In Trust is Treason. Meantime for others of heroic note,

forbidden to deny, that which in the poets is written of the I waited in the lists of ancient fame

pains and pleasures after this life ; which divers of great Note therfore howe playnlye ye kinge here describeth his

Enroll'd illustrious ; and had haply seen

authority and gravity in that state have in their harangues owne arrogācye) sayinge I kinge Nebucad. was blessed

Great Theseus; and Pirithous his compeer,

openly derided ; yet that belief was always more cherished happye &c. he saith not) the God of henene made me thus

The race of Gods.

than the contrary.--Hobbs. Of Man, pt. i. c. 12. e kappye and so ful of prosperite and welthe) but I was hap

Fenton. Homer. Odyssey, b. xi. In Milton's Style. pye quiete riche victoriouse sewer &c. and all thorowe my

What act is more instructive to the people, than any argunowne wisdome prudence & policye.

In such cases, and by the help of such qualities as these,

ments drawn from the title of sovereign, and, consequently, Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 4. it is possible, I grant, and sometimes happens, that men

fitter to disarm the ambition of all seditious haranguers for have gone out of the world, as they lived in it, defying con- the time to come.-Id. Behemoth, pt. iv. Neuertheles it pleased God to bring the wind more wes

science, and the power of it, and deriding the flames of terly, & so in the moneth of May, 1592, we happily doubled hell, 'till they were in the midst of them.

For he at any time would hang, Cape Comori without sight of the coast of India,

Alterbury, vol. iv. Ser. 4.

For th' opportunity t' harangue;
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p. ii. p. 105.

And rather on a gibbet dangle,
O Happiness ! our being's end and aim !

Than miss his dear delight, to wrangle.
Hic si quid nobis forte aduersi euenerit, tibi erunt parata
Good, Pleasure, Ease, Content! whate'er thy name :

Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 2. verba, If any thyng shall happily chavnce vnto vs in this

That something still which prompts th' eternal sigh, matter otherwise than well, thou shalt percase heare of it.

There ought to be a difference of style observed in the
For which we bear to live, or dare to die,
Udal. Flowers for Latine Speakinge, fol. 138.
Which still so near us, yet beyond us lies,

speeches of human persons, and those of deities; and again,

in those which may be called set harangues, or orations, and Yea, many a time the nymphs, which happ'd this flood to

O'erlook'd, seen double, by the fool and wise :

those which are only conversation or dialogue. Plant of celestial seed ! if dropp'd below, see, Fled from him, whom they sure a satyr thought to be. Say, in what mortal soil thou deign'st to grow.

Pope. Postscript to the Odyssey, b. xvi. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 18.

Pope. Essay on Man, Ep. 4. With them join'd all th' haranguers of the throng,
Her pencil drew whate'er her soul design'd,

That thought to get preferment by the tongue.
His bare thin cheekes for want of better bits,
And empty sides deceived of their dew,
And oft the happy draught surpass'd the image in her mind.

Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. Could make a stony hart his hap to rew.

Dryden. To Mrs. Ann Killegreu. I was then asked, How long I intended to stay? on my Spenser. Faerie Queene b. i. c. 8. Though the proposition (to be careful for nothing) be so

saying, Five days, Taipa was ordered to come and sit by me, And in the bosom of his courtly press worded as to seem to forbid all manner of carefulness, yet it

and proclaim this to the people. He then harangued them in Vaunteth the hap of this victorious day,

means nothing less. Indeed it is impossible to live without a speech mostly dictated by Feenou. Whilst the sick land in sorrow pines away. caring, at least to live happily.--Sharp, vol. iv. Ser. 1.

Cook. Voyage, b. ii. c. 5. Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. i. With these fine fancies, at hap-hazard writ,

Having come pretty near us, a person in one of the two I could make verses without art or wit.

last stood up, and made a long harangue, inviting us to Ensample make of him your haplesse joy,

Butler. Satire to a Bad Poet.

land as we guessed by his gestures.-ld. Ib. b. v. c. 13. And of my selfe now mated, as ye see ; Whose prouder vaunt that proud avenging boy

Oh hear a hapless maid,

There be enthusiasts, who love to sit
Did soone pluck downe, and curb'd my libertee.
That ev'n thro' half the years her life has number'd,

In coffee-houses, and cant out their wit.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b.i. c. 9. Ev'n nine long years, has dragg'd a trembling being

The first in most assemblies would you see,
What Troians then were to their deaths, by Teucer's shafts

Beset with pains and perils. Mason. Caraclacus. Mark out the first haranguer, and that's he. imprest : Haply some hoary-headed swain may say,

Byrom. Enthusiasm. Haplesse Orsylochus was firste.

Oft have we seen him at the peep of dawn,

HA'RBINGER, prodromus, (an avantcoureur, Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. viii. Brushing with hasty steps the dews away, Yet did he attain to no higher preferment in the church than

To meet the sun upon the upland lawn.

or forerunner,) q.d. Ger. and Dut. Herberger, i.e. the Deanry of Winchester; haply because he did not consent

Gay. Elegy written in a Country Church-yard. qui alicui de hospitio prospicit, one who looks out with the Church of England concerning some things indif- When four different persons are called upon in a court of for a harbour, or lodging for another, (Skinner.) ferent.-Camden. Elizabeth, an. 1589.

justice to prove the reality of any particular fact that hap- (See Herber.) Applied, generally, toIt often happeneth, althings commonlie from a good be- / which they usually give? why, in the great leading cirpened twenty or thirty years ago, what is the sort of evidence

A forerunner, that which comes before; and by ginning fall into woorse estate. Holinshed. Historie of Scotland, an. 1219. they in general perfectly agree.-Porteus, vol. i. Lect. 2. cumstances, which tend to establish the fact in question, consequence, announces the approach of some

thing else. Ah, God help (quoth he) what a world is this; that Greeks

The word happy is a relative term; in strictness, any Souldiours behold, and Captaynes marke it well, should all of them know well enough what is good and

condition may be denominated happy in which the amount How hope is harbenger of all mishappe. honest; but the Lacedemonians only practice it! Some or aggregate of pleasure exceeds that of pain; and the degree

Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warre, write, that the same hapned in Athens also, at the festival

of happiness depends upon the quantity of this excess. solemnity called Panathenxa.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 390.

A start which did not to our nation
Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. I. c. 6.

Portend her death, but her translation :
Why, the law makes a man happy, without respecting any In your old states you possessed that variety of parts cor- For when such harbingers are seene,
other merit: a simple scholler, or none at all may be a responding with the various descriptions of which your com- God crownes a saint, not kills a queene.
Lawyer.-B. Jonson. Poetaster, Act i. sc. 2.
munity was happily composed; you had all that combination,

Corbet. Elegy on the Death of Queen Ann.

6t.

Id. p. 575.

His father Antigonus perceiving that they had lodged his Haue a better eye and care to all suspitious and miscon bent, broken, as, steel is hardest ; (met.) impeneBon Philip on a time in a house, where there were three tented persons, to their sayings and doings, to their false trable, insensible, stupid. young women, he said nothing to Philip himself, but before bruits and reports, to the places and corners of their haunt he sent for the harbinger, and said unto him, wilt thou not and resort, to their harborers, companyons, ayders, and

2. Difficult; or that cannot (easily) be done or remove my son out of this straight lodging, and provide hin maintayners.--Stow. Queene Elizabeth, an. 1586.

performed by labour or skill; be understood, be a better?- North. Plutarch, p. 740.

For I was hungry, and yee gave me meate, thirsty, and yee learned, as Greek is hardest to come by : a hard Light'ning and thunder (Heaven's artillery)

gave me drinke; naked, and yee cloathed me; harbourlesse, task, a hard road or way ;-difficult, laborious, As harbingers before th' Almighty fly: and ye lodged me.

toilsome. Those but proclaim his style and disappear;

Homilies. Sermon against Perill of Idolatry, pt. iii. The stiller sound succeeds; and God is there.

3. Difficult; to be borne or suffered, as a hard Dryden. The Character of a Good Parson. Those who would have ministers live of alms and bene- saying, a hard season, a hard case; harsh, rough,

volence, make their reason, that they must follow the rigorous, severe, unjust; hard beer, harsh, rough; Think not, however, that success on one side is the har

example of Christ and the apostles; but by the example of binger of peace : on the contrary, both parties must be Christ and the apostles they are taught to abound in all

a hard trot, harsh, violent. heartily tired to effect even a temporary reconciliation. works of charity themselves; to feed the hungry, to cloath

4. Difficult; to be moved, or acted upon; as Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 17. the naked, lodge the harbourless, &c. and how shall they a hard man, a hard heart; a'man not easily acted HA'RBOUR, v. Fr. Herberge; It. Alber- perform this, living in want?—Spelman. On Tythes, c. 12.

upon or moved by kind or good feelings; and HARBOUR, n.

go; Sp. Alveryue ; Dut. and On the left hand the haven-lesse and harbourlesse coasts therefore, unkind, harsh, severe, austere, grinding, HA'RBOURAGE. Ger. Herberg; Sw. Her

of Italie, and on the right, the Illyrians, Liburnians, and oppressive.

Istrians, fierce nations, and for the most part, reputed infaHA'RBOURER. berge, herbergera ; Low Lat.

Hard is sometimes used as equivalent to hardy, mous, for roving and robbing by the sea side, put him in HA'RBOURLESS. Herebergium. (See Herber.) exceeding feare.-Holland. Livius, p. 352.

or rather hardily; as he died hard, i.e. resolutely, HA'RBOROUGH. Vossius derives from her, or

obdurately; or, sometimes, with difficulty.

Then if by me thou list aduised be, HA'RBOROUS. heir, exercitus, an army, and Forsake thy soyle, that so doth thee bewitch:

Hard by, joined hard to, i.e. close to. berg-en, custodire, servare, continere. The A. S. Leaue me those billes, where harbrough nis to see,

To strive hard; i. e. laborioasly, vehemently. Beorg-an, byrg-an, is to defend, to secure, to for- Nor holy-bush, nor brere, nor winding witch.

To harden,—to confirm, to fortify, to strengthen.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. June. tify. · Here-berga is ( Somner) statio, mansio, a

Hardy, adj.,-enduring, or able to endure, firm, station or standing where the army rested in their

In which part there be very good hauens, and safe har- stout, strong, resolute, bold, dating, confident, asmarch,” i.e. in security, protected ; and herebyrig- bouroughes for shippes.Stow. Descript. of Engl. &c.

sured; hence hardily, assuredly, or as Mr. Tytan, to harbour, to abide, to lodge, to quarter. To

Halos harbor-towne, that Neptune beats upon. whitt, certainly. harbour is, generally,

Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. ii.

To hard, and to hardy; i. e. to harden, to enTo secure or protect; to receive or take under

Now stern Æneas waves his weighty spear

courage.

Against his foe, and thus upbraids his fear: protection; to stay, remain, or abide, in security ;

Hardise is used by old writers with fool pre

What farther subterfuge can Turnus find? to shelter, to lodge; to afford or grant shelter or What empty hopes are harbour'd in his mind.

fixed, fool-hardize, i. e. hardiness. lodging

Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, b. xii.

Corineus ther with harde smot and stured hym a boute, Also charge Charity. a churche to make

They judged, that all men who suspected any to have been And made his wey bi either syde, and percede the route. In thyn hole hte. to herborghwen alle Treuthe in the rebellion were bound to discover such their suspicion,

R. Gloucester, p. 17. And fynde alle maner folke. foude to hure soules.

and to give no harbour to such persons : that the bare suspi- Tho he com out ward with ys folk, the emperour with Piers Plouhman, p. 124. cion made it treason to harbour the person suspected, whe

stod, ther he was guilty or not.Burnet. Own Time, an. 1682. For archa Noe, nemeth hede. ys no more to mene

And dredde of hys hardynesse, & thougte yt was not rod.

Id.

P. Bote holychurche. herbergh to alle that ben blessede. Nay more, when it has home return'd, Id. p. 196. By some proud maid ill-us'd and scorn'd,

Vor me mygte bere by hys daye & lede hardelyche
I was herbarweles, and ye herboriden me.
I still the renegade carest,

Tresour aboute & other god oueral apertelyche
Wiclif. Matthew, c. 25. And gave it harbour in my breast.

In wodes & in other studes, so that non tyme nas I was herbourless & ye lodgid me.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

Walsh. Loving one I never saw. That pes bet ysusteined, that by hys tyme was. Therfor he ledde them ynne and resseyuyde in herbore,

(Love) like the soul its harbourer, and that nyght thei dwelliden with him.

Debarr'd the freedom of the air,

Lucye, to hardye ys men, pryked her and ther.-12. p. 218
Disdains against its will to stay,
Wiclif. Dedis, c. 10.

But struggles out, and flies away.-Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 1. Vor he was strong man & hardy, the strengeste of ys londe And the eleuenth day at sixe of the clocke at night we saw

Id. land which was very high, which afterward we knew to be

Geneva was famous for its religion and a great nurse of

Edward told William of Alfred alle the case, Island : and the twelfth day we harboured there, and found pious men, and harbourer of exiles for religion. many people.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 109.

Strype. Life of Abp. Grindal. an. 1582.

& praied him of help, for he dred harder pase.

R. Brsene, R. 52 Then went foorth our pinnesse to seeke harborow. & found In this, however, I acted contrary to the opinion of somo many good harbours, of the which we entered into one with persons on board, who in very strong terms expressed their

& if he wild it wynne with dynt, als duke hardie our shippes.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 235. desire to harbour for present convenience, without any re

He suld fynd therinne kyng Harald redie.-Id. p. 70. gard to future disadvantages.-Cook. Voyage, b. ii. c. 7. Arme we vs I rede, & go we hardilie.-Id. p. 159. For of an harbourer of deuils, was he sodainly made a disciple, and scholar of Jesus.Udal. Luke, c. 8.

Upon the whole, Rio de Janeiro is a very good place for

The gode bisshop Antoyn ther he bare the pris,

His dedes here to alowe, for hys hardynesse.- Id. B. 251. Whether she haue to her smal power ben herberous to the ships to put in at, that want refreshments; the harbour is sainctes, lodged them and washen their fete. safe and commodious, and provisions, except wheaten bread

God shal take veniaunce. in alle swiche preestes
Id. 1 Timothye, c. 5.
and flour, may be easily procured.-Id. Ib. b. i. c. 2.

Wel harder & grettere.

Piers Ploumas, pé.
An other sorte promyseth their howse to be herbourouse to
Yet here, ev'n here in this disastrous clime,

Honger was nat hardy. on hem for to loke.- Id.
Horrid and harbourless, where all life dies ;

P. the household of fayth, and a great vowe do they make.

Bale. Apology, fol. 38.
Adventurous mortals, urg'd by thirst of gain,

And to be cald conquerour. that cometh of special grace
Through floating isles of ice and fighting storms
If they wolde vse but a fewe nombre of houndes, onely to

Of hardynesse of heorte. and of hendeness.- Id. p. 367.

Roam the wild waves, in search of doubtful shores. harborowe or rouse the game.

Mallet. The Excursion. And go honte hardiliche. to hares and to fores.
Sir T. Elyot. Governovr, b. i. c. 18.

HARD, v. Goth. Harau ; A.S. Heard ;
Eke the vndaunted Numides compasse thee;
Also the Sirtes, vnfriendly harbroughe.

Hard, adj. Dut. Hard; Ger. Hart; Sw.

But he lepe vp on heigh, in hardenesse of herte.
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv. HARD, ad.

Heard ; from the A. S. Heard

But he that hadde takun oo besaunt, came and seide Lorde The ground we were on grewe to bee streight, and not

HA'RDEN, v. ian, aheard-ian, ahyrdan ; du- Y woot that thou art an harde man, (durus homo,) thou repist aboue fiftie paces ouer, hauing the maine sea on the one HA'RDING, n. rare, indurare,

where thou hast not sowe and thou gederist togider where side of it, and the harbour-water, or inner sea (as you may HA'RDLY. indurescere. Hard, as ap- thou hast not spred abrood.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 25. tearme it) on the other side. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 341.

HA'RDNESS. plied to material substances, Then he whiche had receaued the one talente came, ani

HA'RDSHIP. (says Locke,) is opposed to sayde: Master, I considered that thou waste an harde map, There were many commodious havens and fair baies for ships to harbour, and ride in with safety,

HARDY, v.
soft, that being generally called which repest where thou sowedst not, and gatherest abere

thou strawedst not.-Bible, 1551. Ib.
Holland. Plutarch, p. 802. HA'rdy, adj. hard by us, which will put us
And all within were pathes and alleies wide

HA'RDIHEAD. to pain sooner than change And Jhesus seynge him maad sorye seyde, how hard With footing worne, and leading in ward farr :

HA'RDIHOOD. figure by the pressure of any kyngdom of God.-Wiclif. Luke, c. 18.

(quam difficile) thei that han money schulen entre into the Pair harbour that them seems: so in they entred are. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 1.

HA'RDIMENT. part of our bodies; and that,

HA'RDILY. 0, in what safety temperance doth rest,

But moneste ghousilf bi alle daies the while to dai is on the contrary, soft, which

HA'RDINESS. Obtaining harbour in a sovereign breast !

changes the situation of its named, that noon of ghou be hardned bi fallace of synine. Which if so praiseful in the meanest men,

parts upon any easy and unpainful touch. HardIn pow'rful kings how glorious is it then i ness consists in a firm cohesion of the parts of least any of you waxe hardher ted thorow the deceitfulnesse

But exhorte one an other daylye, whyle it is called to daye, Drayton. Matilda to Kirg John.

matter making up masses of a sensible bulk, so of synne.-Bible, 1551. Ib. Your king, whose labour'd spirits

that the whole does not easily change its figure.”
Fore-wearied in this action of swift speede,
Craues harbourage within your citie walles
(On Hum. Underst. b. ii. c. 4. s. 4.) Hence its word is hard, who may here it ?-Wiclif. Jon, c. 6.

Therfor manye of hise disciplis heringe, seiden, this
Shakespeare. K. John, Act ii. sc. 1. numerous consequential applications, as opposing
She calls her barren jade,
or resisting the motion of its own parts; generally, sayde: 'This is an harde sayinge : who can abrdė the beatuse

Many therfore of his disciples: when they hearde this. Base quean, and rivel'd witch, and wish'd she could be as opposing or resisting, bearing, suffering or en- of it ?-Bible, 1551. Ib. made

during; and thus,But worthy of her hate, (which most of all her grievcs)

Difficult; or that can or may not (easily) be herte suffride you leve youre wyues, but fro the begynapos

And he seide to hem, for Moyses for the herdnerse of your The basest beggar's bawd, a harbourer of thieves. Druylon. Poly-Olbion, 8. 3. done, (sc.) be compressed, separated, penetrated, it was not so.-Wiclis. Matlher, c. 19.

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137.

Id. R. 199.

Id. Crede

durescere,

Id. Ebrespis, c. 2

Moses because of the hardnes of youre hertes suffered you Mir. Alas, now pray you

Whom when the Trojan hero hardly knew, to put awaye youre wyfes: but from the begynnyng it was Worke not so hard: I would the lightning had

Obscure in shades, and with a doubtful view, not so.Bible, 1551. Matthew, c. 19. Burnt vp those logs that you are enibyned to pile.

(Doubtful as he who runs through dusky night, My father

Or thinks he sees the moon's uncertain light)
Therfor we ben hardi (audentes] algatis and witеn, that the
Is hard at study; pray now rest your selfe.

With tears he first approach'd the sullen shade. while we ben in this bodi we goon in pilgrimage fro the lord,

Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 1.

Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, b. vi. i for we walken by feith, and not bi cleer sight.

Of all hardnesses of heart, there is none so inexcusable as Wiclif. 2 Corynth. c. 5. But victuals being very straight and scant at that time even to find the men, the poor geese were so hard handled

that of parents towards their children. An obstinate, inOlitel child, alas ! what is thy gilt,

and so little regarded, that they were in manner starved for flexible, unforgiving temper, is odious upon all occasions, That never wroughtest sinne as yet parde ? lack of meat.-North. Plutarch, p. 124.

but here it is unnatural. -Spectator, No. 181. Why wol thin harde father have thee spilt. Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5277. Upon his crest the hardned yron fell;

To complete the sense of the words we must have reBut his more hardned crest was armd so well,

course to the two precedent verses; which beirig compared They speken of sondry harding of metall, And speken of medicines therwithall,

That deeper dint therein it would not make.

with the text (Deut. xxix. 4.) present us with a description And how, and whan it shuld yharded be,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 11.

of such a brutish and irrational temper, such an invincible

hardness, as is not to be found in any people mentioned Which is unknow algates unto me.

And now his heart

throughout the whole book of God, or any history whatsoId. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,557. Distends with pride, and hardning in his strength ever.--South, vol. viii. Ser. 13.

Glories. For loue me youe such hardiment

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i.

Heroes are always drawn bearing sorrows, struggling with Por to fulfill his commandement.--Id. Rom. of the Rose.

Enflam'd with fury and fiers hardyhed,

adversities, undergoing all kinds of hardships, and having And hardily they dorsten lay hir necke, He seerd in hart to harbour thoughts unkind,

in the service of mankind a kind of appetite to difficulties The miller shuld not stele hem half a pecke And nourish bloody vengeance in his bitter mind.

and dangers.—Spectator, No. 312. Of corn by sleighte, ne by force hem reve.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4.

Juba commands Numidia's hardy troops,
The Reves Tale, v. 4008.
Where if he be, -with dauntless hardihood,

Mounted on steeds unus'd to the restraint
And brandish'd blade rush on him, break his glass,
A wil is Goddes yefte veraily;

Of curbs or bits, and fleeter than the winds.
And shed the luscious liquor on the ground,
All other maner yeftes hardely,

Addison. Cato, Act ii. sc. 1.
And seise his wand.

Milton. Comus. As londes, rentes, pasture, or commune,

Have you been evil spoken of and your character injured I Or mebles, all ben yeftes of fortune. Come, come, my Lords,

When you knew yourself innocent, this is hard to bear on Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9186. These oracles are hardly [hardily) attain'd,

worldly principles. But religion makes even calumny light. She toke her leaue at hem ful thriftely And hardly vnderstood.

Gilpin, vol. i. Ser. 14. As she wel could, and they her reuerence

Shakespeare. 2 Pl. Hen. VI. Act i. sc. 4.

Tell such people of a world after this of their being acUnto the ful didden hardely.-Id. Troilus, b. iii

At the first the Gaules and Spanyards, equall to their countable for their actions; and of the gospel denunciations O noble markis, your humanitee

enemies both in force and courage, mainteined the conflict of damnation upon all who lead such ungodly lives, without Assureth us and yeveth us hardinesse, right hardily, and kept their order and arraies.

repentance; they are hardened to every thing of this kind As oft as time is of necessitee,

Holland. Livius, p. 461. it has no effect upon them.-Id. vol. i. Ser. 5.
That we to you mow tell our hevinesse.
But thankt be God, and your good hardiment!

My lords, I assert, confidently and hardily I make the
Id. The Clarkes Tale, v. 7969.
They have the price of their owne folly payd.

assertion, and I challenge confutation; let any one, who Now com slouthe, that wol not suffre no hardnesse ne

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. 8. c. 8. will take the trouble to follow me in the calculations upon

which I am about to enter, confute me if he can,- I do assert, penance : for sothly, slouthe is tendre and so delicat, as

He did confound the best part of an houre yth Salomon, that he wol suffre non hardnesse, ne penance,

my lords, that the healthiest of their ships are nothing In changing hardiment with great Glendower. id therfore he shendeth all that he doth.

better than pestilential gaols Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. IV. Act i. sc. 3.

Bp. Horsley. Speech, July, 1799.
Id. The Persones Tale.
And how asseged was Ipolita
The wingd-foot god so fast his plumes did beat,

Hard by yon wood, now smiling as in scorn,
The faire hardy quene of Scythia.
That soone he came whereas the Titanesse

Muttering his wayward fancies he would rove.
Was striving with fair Cynthia for her seat;
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 884.

Gray. Elegy in a Country Church-yard.
At whose strange sight and haughty hardinesse
As steele is hardest in his kinde

He wondred much, and feared her no lesse.

Nor should it be forgotten, that he was the first who, in Aboue all other, that men finde

Spenser. Faerie Queene, c. 6. Of Mutabilitie. this dialogue, had the hardihood to displace Jonson from the Of metalles. Gower. Con. A. Prol

eminence to which, by the unanimous voice of Dryden's And thus I hang a garland at the dore;

contemporaries, he had most unjustly been elevated, and to For hys lady, whome he desyreth,

(Not for to shew the goodness of the ware;

set Shakspeare far above him.-Malone. Life of Dryden. With hardnesse his herte fyreth,

But such hath beene the custome heretofore, And sent hym worde wythoute faile,

And customes very hardly broken are.)

That domestick grief is, in the first instance, to be That he woll take the bataile. Id. Ib. b. iv.

Ignoto. Verses to Spenser. thanked for these ornaments to our language, it is impos

sible to deny. Nor would it be common hardiness to conSo yeueth it me the more feith, And eke that age despysed nicenesse vaine

tend, that worldly discontent had no hand in these joint And maketh me hardie soth to seie,

Enur'd to hardnesse and to homely fare, That I dare well the better preie

productions of poetry and piety.-Johnson. Life of Young. Which them to warlike discipline did trayne, My lady, whiche a woman is.

Id. Ib. b. iii.
And manly limbs endur'd with little care

Where works of man are cluster'd close around,

Against all hard mishaps and fortunelesse misfare. And works of God are hardly to be found. I wolde haue hym lerne Greke and Latine authours bothe

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8.

Cowper. Retirement. one tyme, or els to begyn with Greke, for as moche as Still so hard-hearted? what may be

Divines, with the best intentions, have said more than
The sin thou hast committed ;
Sir T. Elyot. The Governour, b. i. c. 10.

the scriptures have said concerning repentance, and have That now the angry deity

thereby precipitated men into despair, and consequent imBut when the braine is cold and drie, things are therfore Has to a rock congealed thee,

penitence and hardness of heart. e faster holden, because it is the propertie of colde and And thus thy hardness fitted ?

Anecdotes of Bp. W'atson, vol. ii. p. 313. ought, to thicken all things, and to harden them fast

Brome. Songs. The Hard Heart. gether.-Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 213.

He suffered persecution gladly for the sake of Christ and [They) had such affection for their religion, and the rights his truth: he stripped himself of all the comforts of this life, And I wyl nowe onely speake of those exercises, apte to and liberties of their country, that, pro aris et focis, they and yielded himself up to all the hardships and evils that le furniture of a gentyil mannes personage, adaptynge his

were willing to undergo any hardships or dangers, and man can suffer.-Sherlock, vol. iii. pt. ii. Dis. 60. dy to hardenesse, strengthe, and agilitie.

thought no service too much, or too great for their country. Sir T. Elyot. The Governour, b. i. c. 16.

Whitelock. Memorials, an. 1643. Though it [the life of Benvenuto Cellini] was read with My woundes are wide, yet seme they not to bleed,

the greatest pleasure by the learned of Italy, no man was

It was to weet a wilde and salvage man; And hidden wounds are hardly heald we see.

hardy enough, during so long a period, to introduce to the Yet was no man, but onely like in shape,

world a book in which the successors of Saint Peter were Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomew of Bathe. And eke in stature higher by a span;

handled so roughly. The Bactrians bee the most hardyest people amongst those All overgrowne with haire, that could awhape

Johnson. Some Account of Benvenuto Cellini. acios vnciuill men, and much abhorring from the delicate

An hardy hart. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 7. es of the Persians.-Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 66.

HARE. To hare one, (says Skinner,) that is,

But Jove's minde hath evermore outstept And he departed thence, & entred into a certayne mannes

The minde of man; who both affrights and takes the vic

to terrify, to throw into a consternation, to strike ouse, named Justus, a worshypper

of God, whose house
tory

with terrour, from the Fr. Harier, to harass ; wyned harde to the synagoge.Bible, 1551. Actes, c. 18.

From any hardiest hand with ease.

and this, perhaps, from the A. S. Herg-ian, to Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. xvi.

harry, (qv.) Think not my judgment leads me to comply

But the poor creature was so hared by the council of With laws unjust, but hard necessity :

officers, that he presently caused a proclamation to be issued Imperious need, which cannot be withstood,

out, by which he did declare the parliament to be dissolved. Makes ill authentic, for a greater good.

Clarendon. Civil War: vol. iii. p. 660. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3.

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther.

To hare and rate them thus at every turn, is not to teach With true poetic rage, that in their measures, art

Lord Ranelagh died on Sunday morning; he died hard as them, but to vex and torment them to no purpose. their term of art is here to express the woeful state of men,

Locke. On Education, s. 67.
who discover no religion at their death.
Swift. Letter to Dr. King, London, Dec. 8, 1712. HARE, n.

A.S. Hara; Dut. Haas
Drayton. Poly-Olbion, 8. 6.
For let the venal try

HARE-BRAIN. haze ; Ger. Hase; Sw. Hara.
Their every hardening stupifying art,

HARE-BRAINED. Junius suggests the A. S.Hær,
Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act iii. sc. 5.
Truth must prevail, zeal will enkindle zeal,

HARE-LIP. the hair, referring to the de-
And nature, skilful touch'd, is honest still.
Thomson. To the Memory of Lord Talbot.

claration of Pliny, that the hare is the hairiest

creature of all other. Wachter, A. S. Har, canus, They who were not yet grown to the hardiness of avowing hoary. Ihre, from Ger. Har-en, clamare, to cry, Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. obedience.--Clarendon. Civil Wars, vol. I. p. 465. sooner have been checked, and recovered their loyalty and quod hiberno tempore acutissime clamat; from

the shrillness of its cries during winter. It is not

at is hardeste to come by.

Hee is a great adventurer (said hee)

That hath his sword through hard assay forgone,
And now hath rowå, till he avenged bee
Of that despight, neuer to wearen none.

Besides, the Briton is so naturally infus'a
Doth rather seem precise, than comely; in each part
Their metre most exact, in verse of th hardest kind.

Besides, I like you not; if you will know my house, 'Tis at the tufft of Oliues, here hard by.

Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarg'd
Even to that hill of scandal, by the grove
of Molock homicide, lust hard by hate;
Tu good Josiah drove ther1 thence to hell.

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