Obrázky na stránke

Id. p. Sa

improbable that the noun is of the same origin as The hare-belle for her stainlesse azur'd hue,

And harlotes for harlotrie. aren holpen er bedy poure. the verb to hare, (qv.) and that the name was Claimes to be worne of none but those are true,

Piers Ploubnan, p. 184

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. 3. 3. given to the animal because, -or from its terrors,

- Loven al treuthe when -harried, or pursued by harriers.

On Desmond's mouldering turrets slowly shake

And haten alle harlotrie. Hare-brained, agreeably to the adage, “ As mad

The trembling rie-grass, and the hare-bell blue.

Mickle. Sir Martyn, c. 1.

And fornycacioun and al unelennesse or auarice be net as a March hare;” Skinner derives it from the

named among ghou as it bícometh hooli men either fltbe et verb to hare.

HARK, v.
foli speche or harlotrie. [scurrilitas.)- Wiclif. Efesias

, c.. Hare-lip, labia fissa,—a lip split or divided into To hear, to listen; to take or receive at the He was a gentil harlot, and a kind; two parts, like that of the hare. ear.

A better felaw shulde a man not find.

Chaucer. The Prologue, T. 619 Myd word he thretneth muche, & lute deth in dede.

This king sit thus in his nobley,
Hys mouth ys as a leon, hys herte arne as an hare.
Herking his ministralles hir thinges pley

A sturdy harlot went hem ay behind,
R. Gloucester, p. 457.
Beforne him at his bord deliciously.

That was hir hostes man, and bare a sakke,
Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,392.

And what men yave him, laid it on his bakke. What man art thou ? quod he,

Id. The Somprogru Tale, v. 113. Thou lokest, as thou woldest finde an hare,

What I and all require of the For ever upon the ground I see the stare.

This for thy learning harke.

The miller is a cherl, ye know wel this,
Chaucer. Prologue to Sire Thopas, v. 13,627.

Drant. Horace. Arte of Poetrye.

So was the reve (and many other mo)

And har lotrie they tolden bothe two.
His men below cryde out to him, and prayd
And than sodenly ther started an hare among the French-

Id. The Milleres Prologue, T. 3161. Him to retire, but he no whit could harke, men; and such as sawe her cryed and made gret brūt.

But boldly from the wall into the towne,

My king of haroltes Charlotes) shalt thou be.
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 42.
Which was thrise ten foote deepe, he leaped downe.

Id. Ros. of the Rose O painted fooles, whose hairbrainde heades must haue

Harringlon. Orlando, b. xxxix.

But as sone as this thy sonne was come, whicte be More clothes attones, than might become a kyng.

But if you will vnto my counsell harke,

deuoured thy goodes with harlotes, thou bast for hys pleasur Guscoigne. The Steele Glas. And that you haue (as you pretend) such hast,

kylled the fatted caulle.--Bible, 1551. Luke, e. 15.

I will appoint for you a little barke, Fansie (quoth he) farewell, whose badge I long did beare,

That shall with oares conuey you safe and fast.

Thou makest thine hie place in euery street, & best mat And in my hat full harebrayndly, thy flowers did I weare.

Id. Ib. b. xliii.

been as an harlot that despiseth a reward. Id. The Fruite of Fellers.

Geneva Bible, 1561. Ezekiel, iri. 3!

But heark ye, lady, The hairiest creature of all other is the hare.

One thing I must entreat, your leave, and sufferance; And has not been as an harlot in that thou scorrest fire Holland. Plinie, b. xi. c. 39. That these things may be open to my brother

Modera Ferniau L. When hares use means to confound the scent and save

For more respect and honour. themselves from the dogs that hunt them; we may observe,

Beaum. & Fletch. Love's Pilgrimage, Act iii.

Our great clerks think that these men, because ther bare

a trade, (as Christ himself, and St. Paul had) cannot theatthat they take therein the readiest ways, and the most For we find a certain singular pleasure in hearking to such fore attain to some good measure of knowledge, and ta obvious to sense, to avoid the evil they flie from. as be returned from some long voyage, and do report things

reason of their actions, as well as they that spend their Digby. Of Bodies, c. 36. which they have seen in strange countries, as the manners youth in loitering, bezzling, and harlotting, their stadis. Lying at siege before the city of Corinth, he [Archi- differing from ours.—North. Plutarch. Amiot to the Readers. of people, the natures of places, and the fashions of lives, unprofitable questions and barbarous sophistry, their

age in ambition and idleness, their old age in avarice, drag, damus) marked how there were hares started eren close

and diseases.-Milton. Anim. upon Remonst. Defence, the under the walles thereof; upon which sight he said thus to

Nay raise no tempest with looks; but, heark you: those that served with him : Our enemies are easie to be Remember, what your ladyship off'red me.

E. Ant. This day (great duke) she shut the daunes surprised and caught, when they are so lazie and idle, as to

B. Jonson. The Fox, Act v. sc. 3.

vpon me, suffer hares to lie and harbour hard under their city walls,

While she with harlots feasted in my house. even within the trench and town-ditch. Hark! from yon covert, where those towering oaks

Shakespeare. Comedy of Errors, ASÍ V RU
Holland. Plutarch, p. 375. Above the humble copse aspiring rise,
What glorious triumphs burst in every gale

Wouldst thou not spit at me and spurne at me, I meane it (saith the king) by that same haire-braine wild

Upon our ravish'd ears. Somerville. The Chase, b. ii. And hurle the name of husband in my face, fellow, my subject, the Earle of Suffolke, who is protected

And teare the stain'd skin of my harlot brow, in your countrie, and begins to play the foole, when all The whistling ploughman stalks a-field; and hark ! And from my false hand cut the wedding ring, others are wearie of it.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 223.

Down the rough slope the ponderous waggon rings.

And breake it with a deepe diuorcing vow! Beallie. The Minstrel, b. i.

Id. Ib. Actie! Tiribazus hereupon was in such a rage with the king, that he hated him to the death: not because he was any traytour "Well, sir," says he, " e'en as you please, so then

So rose the Danite strong or seditious man in nature, but a mad hare-brained fellow.

I'll never trouble you with plays again."

Herculean Samson from the harlot lap
Vorth. Plutarch, p. 798.
But hearkee, poet l-won't you though? says I.

Of Philistine Dalilah, and wak'd
Moore. Prologue to Gil Blas.

Shorn of his strength, they destitute and bare
Their jumping to and fro, before they leap plumb in [their
Then horse and hound fierce joy display,

Of all their virtue.

Milton. Paradise Lost, it form), is to take their aim (not much unlike to dogs, turning about several times before they lie down); for hare-finders

Exulting at the hark-away.

Green. The Spleen.

Then this harlotry sitting next beneth him, said. This (who use to watch them) say they will do thus, though they

she had never in al her life seen any man to cut coe best be not pursued. -Digby. Of Bodies, c. 36.

HARLEQUIN, n. ? A comedian, because of, and it was a sight that of al other she would faites:
HA'RLEQUIN, v. he much frequented the

Holland. Liriss, p
If some such desp'rate hackster shall devise
To rouse thine hare's-heart from her cowardice,

house of M. de Harlai in the reign of Henry III. of Malicious (for thy malice is As idle children striving to excell

France, is said to have first received this name. Thy matter all in all)
In blowing bubbles from an empty shell;
See Menage.

Is it to harlotize, thinkest thou,
Oh, Hercules ! how like to prove a man,

A goddesse, wrong too small.
That all so rath thy warlike life began !
I believe that these general observations in things sensible,

Warner. Albion's England, 1. ri. 2.V.
Bp. Hall, þ. iv. Sat. 4.

hold also in proportion in things insensible, and that one Never mole, hare-lip nor scarre, may say, in this respect, what harlequin says in the Emperor

On the 17th, (Dec. 1557] a young man and a young woman of the Moon; 'Tis there just as 'tis here.

rode through London in a cart. And the band, the wie of Nor make prodigious, such as are

Clarke. Mr. Leibnitz's Fifth Paper, p. 175.

John a' Badoo, was whipped at the said cart's tail; and to Despised in natiuitie,

harlot did beat her; and an old harlot of three scere did beras Shall upon their children be.

They (pantomimes) spoke only to the eyes ; but with such the horse.--Strype. Memorials. Queen Mary, an. 155". Shakespeare Midsummer Night's Dream, Act v. sc. 2. art of expression, that without the utterance of a single word, they represented, as we are told, a complete tragedy

In search of wisdom far from wit I fly; Thus Gay, the hare with many friends,

Wit is a harlot beauteous to the eye,
or comedy in the same manner as dumb harlequin is exhi-
Twice seven long years the Court attends:
bited on our theatres.

In whose bewitching arms our early time
Who, under tales conveying truth,
Johnson. General Conclusion to Brumoy's Greek Theatre.

We waste, and vigour of our youthful prime.
To virtue form'd a princely youth.
Swift. A Libel on Dr. Delany, &c.

- Monkeys have been Extreme good doctors for the spleen:

Deck'd by thee, What in common life would denote a man rash, fool-hardy, And kitten, if the humour hit,

The simple farm eclips'd the garden's pride, hair-brain'd, opiniatre, craz'd, is recommended in this Has harlequin'd away the fit.-Green. The Spleen.

Ev'n as the virgin blush of innocence, scheme as the true method ir, speculation.

The harlotry of art.--Mason. The English Garden, à
Bentley. On Free-Thinking, $ 15.
HA'RLOT, v. The learned Dr. T. H.scité, ut

And, tho' true youth and nature have no part, Well-one at least is safe. One shelter'd hare

HA’RLOT, 7. solet, (Skinner,) dictum putat,

Yet paint enlivens it, and wiles, and art; Has never heard the sanguinary yell

HA'rlot, adj. quasi whorelet vel horelet, i. e. Colours laid on with a true karlot grace; Of cruel man, exulting in her woes.-Cowper. Task, b. iii. HA'RLOTRY. meretricula. And Tooke be- They only show themselves, and hide the face. But when at rising light

HA'rloTize, v. lieves that harlot is merely Our boat stood still, up starts a hair-brain'd wight, horelet, the diminutive of hore; the common appli- HARM, 0.

A. S. Yrmian, jerman, kestWith sallow cudgel breaks the bargenian's pate, cation of the word was to males, merely as persons Harm, n.

mar, lædere, nocere; cur And bangs the mule at a well-favour'd rate.

receiving wages or hire. Hore, or, as now written, Francis. Horace, b. i. Sat. 5.


modern (n.) hara was in the whore, is the past part, of hyran, to hire. See HA'RMFULLY.

A.S. Yrmth, or jerstk, i. e. There are, indeed, two officers in the stables which are Whore, and Varlet, and Tooke, ii. 142.


whatsoever harneth or hurtsinecures. By the change of manners, and indeed by the

A hireling; a hired servant or attendant; a low nature of the thing, they must be so; I mean the several

HA'RMLESSLY. eth; the third persoa keepers of buck hounds, stag hounds, fox hounds, and or base person, male or female; now confined to HA'RMLESSNESS. harriers.-Burke. On Economical Reform.

females, who prostitute their bodies for hire. Tooke.

Harlotries, Tyrwhitt interprets, ribaldries; (sc.) HA'REBELL. The English hyacinth, (says such as hirelings or low persons practise or de

To hurt, to mischief, to injure, to wrong; to

cause loss or damage. Skinner,) so called, I believe, because its concave light in. and pendulous flowers appear in shape to resemble

And smot the kyng wyth a knyf in the breste dese tree Dauwe the dyker. with a dosen harlotes. bell.

And, to gret harm to al thys lond, the gode kyrg beste Piers Plouhman, p. 106.

Philips. Os WiFFics

Harte. The l'iss ef Death

gular of the verb, Steve

R. Gloncesto, p. 177. And heo of scapye harmyles the gultes echon.

There is nothing almost has done more harme to men That this admirable engine of our bodies, whose functions R. Gloucester, p. 335. dedicated to letters, than giving the name of study to read- are carryed on by such a multitude of parts, and motions

ing, and making a man of great reading to be the same with which peither interfere nor impede one another in their And holy churche thorw. worth harmed for evere.

Piers Plouhman, p. 36.

a man of great knowledge, or at least to be a title of honour operations; but by an harmonious sympathy promote the

Locke. Conduct of the Understanding, s. 23. perfection and good of the whole: that this should be an by

undesign'd effect, is an assertion, that is more than melanDo thy neyhebore non harme. ne the selve nother

These, while they are afraid of every thing, bring them- cholies hyperbole.-Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 5. Than dost thow wel and wisliche.--Id. p. 248.

selves and the churches in the greatest and most harmful For much they disturbled me hazards.-Strype. Life of Abp. Parker an. 1572.

Probably either these (contrary qualities in Adam) were ziPor sore I dradde to harmed be.-Chaucer. Rom. of the R.

80 harmoniously mixed, as that there was no tendency to a Amidst his harmless easy joys

dissolution.-Hopkins. Funeral Serm. Eccl. ix. 5. And Tullius sayth, that no sorwe, ne no drede of deth, ne

No anxious care invades his health, gothing that may falle unto a man, is so muchel ageins Nor love his peace of mind destroys,

A king's name jature, as a man to encrese his owen profite, to harme of Nor wicked avarice of wealth.-Dryden. Horace, Ep. 2.

Doth sound harmoniously to men at distance. inother man.-Id. The Tale of Melibeus. But I dare, sir, avow, that the harmelessness of our prin

Beaum. & Fletch. The Coronation, Act T. Dispise and cast away her that playeth so harmefully, for ciples is not more legible in our profession, than in our hee that is now cause of so muche sorowe to thee, should practices and sufferings.--Boyle. Works, vol. V. p. 285.

By orderly disposing and harmonizing of them, he did by

that means produce this most beautiful and perfect animal le to thee cause of peace & of ioye.-Id. Boecius, b. ii.

of the world.-Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 215. That peace of mind, which we all enjoy under the shelter * But where a prince his lustes sueth,

of the laws, is founded in a faith or belief, that they will That he the warre not pursueth

We conclude therefore that Vrania or the heavenly Venus, either secure us from harm, or avenge us when we are inWhan it is tyme to ben armed :

was sometimes amongst the Pagans a name for the Supreme His countre stant full ofte harmed.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii. juriously dealt withal.- Pearce, vol. i. Ser. 11.

Deity, as that which is the most amiable being, and first For who that loketh all tofore,

Yes, let me own,

pulchritude, the most benign and fecund begetter of all

things, and the constant harmonizer of the whole world. -30And woll not see, what is behynde: To these, or classick deities like these,

Id. Ib. p. 489. He maie full ofte his harmes finde.-Id. Ib. b. v.

From very childhood was I prone to pay
Harmless idolatry.-Mason. The English Garden, b. iii.

The composer should fit his musick to the genius of the Your studie and drifte is to kill me, a man that albeeit I er non other but a very man, yet wer I innocent and one Indeed were a design ever so well chosen, and harmlesly people, and consider that the delicacy of hearing, and taste

of harmony has been formed upon those sounds which every at harme no man.- Udal. John, c. 8. carried on, yet few things are so likely to hinder the success

country abounds with: in short, that musick is of a relative of it, as too great vehemence.--Secker, vol. ii. Ser. 5.

nature, and what is harmony to one ear, may be dissonance No man is hurt but of himselfe, that is to say: aduersitie zili wrong suffering is no harme to him that hath a constant When the persecution is for modes of faith, their truth or to another.--Spectator, No. 29. art; and lives vpright in all his doings.

falsehood comes in question : when for the common genius Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 120. of religion, its harmlesness or malignity is the only matter of They will soon conclude, that this machine is the whole

man; and that the harmonical soul, in the hypothesis of an For he was for no other cause aflicted, beaten, spytte enquiry.Warburton. Divine Legation, Pref. (1758.)

harmonia præstabilita, is merely a fiction and a dream. von, and crucified as an harmfull person, where he was HA'RMONY. Fr. Harmonie; It. Ar.

Clarke. Fifth Reply to Leibnitz. nocent and gyltlesse, but onely to pourge vs (who are in ry dede hurtfull caytises and sinners) from al oure sinnes

HARMO'NICAL. monia ; Sp. Arinonia ; Lat. How oft hast thou thy votaries beheld d iniquities.- Udal. Hebrews, c. 4.

Harmonia ; Gr. 'Apuovia.

At Crambo merry met, and hymnyng shrill

With voice harmonic each, whilst others frisk

Musicis ita dicitur concen-
They that long to be ryche, dooe fall into temptacion, and

In mazy dance, or Cestrian gambols show,
al to the grynne of the deuyll, and into many desyres vnpro-
HARMO'NICALLY. tus; ac propriè ita vocatur

Elate with mighty joy.-J. Philips. Cerealia, (1706.) able and harmefull.Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1203.

HARMONIOUS. apta omnis commissura ac

HARMONIOUSLY. With gentle touche whoes harmlesse flame did shine,

Such Venus shines, when with a measur'd bound compages, ab &puośw, quod

She smoothly gliding swims th' harmonious round,
Upon his heare, about his temples spred.
HA'RMONIST. ab αρμος, uti hoc ab αρω,

When with the Graces in the dance she moves,
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii. HA'RMONIZE, v.

apto, (Vossius.)

And fires the gazing Gods with ardent love. The kynge remoued his siege to a castell of the bisshop of The fit or apt union or connexion of parts; in

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xviii. mbray named Thune, standyng upon the ryuer of Lestant, concordant proportion; in agreement or corhere the kyng lay longe tyme wythout harme-doynge vnto

But the atheistical astrologer is doubly pressed with this 2 sayde castell.–Fabyan. Chronicle, an. 1377. respondence; in musical proportion or concord. absurdity. For if there was no counsel at the making of the

world, how came the Asterisms of the same nature and And the example of Tully ought in this point to be

0 (qd. she) there is a melody in heauen, which clerkes energies to be so harmoniously placed at regular intervals ! lowed, who when it was in his power to harme and to cleapen harmony, but that is not in breaking of voice, but it

Bentley, Ser. 3. ate (as himselfe affirmeth) sought for causes of forgive is a maner swete thing of kindly werching, yt causeth ioy sse, and not occasions of punishment: which is the proper

out of nomber to recken, and that is ioyned by reason and Of which obedience, his most precious death is, by our tie of a discreet and considerate judge.

by wisedome, in a quantity of proporcion of knitting. most excellent harmonist, declared to be the consummation Holland. Ammianus, p. 142.

Chaucer. Testament of Loue, b. ii. and utmost completion; and to it are here ascribed the very Flesh without blood, a person without spright,

greatest and highest things that it was even possible for
And with the swete harmony, that he made on his harpe, him to express.- Nelson. Life of Dr. George Bull.
Wounds without hurt, a body without might,
That could doe harme, yet could not harmed bee,

he cõstrained the iuel spirite, that vexed kinge Saule, to
forsake him, continuynge the tyme that he harped.

Now the soft hour
That could not die, yet seem'd a mortall wight,

Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b.i. c. 7. Of walking comes ; for him who lonely loves
That was most strong in most infirmitee;

To seek the distant hills, and there converse
Like did he never heere, like did he never see.
God graunteth to some men prowesse martiall

With Nature; there to harmonize his heart
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11. To a nother daunsinge, with song harmonical.

And in pathetic song to breathe around
And look, as arrows, by strong arm

Id. Ib. c. 20. from Homer. The harmony to others.

Thomson. Summer. In a strong bow drawn to the head, Where they are meant, will surely harm, Touching musicall harmonie, whether by instrument or

The victory was at last so complete, as none were found And if they hit, wound deep and dread;

by voyce, it being but of high and low sounds a due propor able to rally their forces in this cause against our judicious tionable disposition, such notwithstanding is the force there

harmonizer.-Nelson. Life of Dr. George Bull. As harmful, deadly, to a foe.-P.Fletcher. Psalm 127.

of, and so pleasing effects it hath in that very part of man

which is most diuine, that some haue beene thereby induced But a scholer, by myne opinion, is better occupied in

These accessary sounds, which are caused by the aliquote to thinke that the soule it selfe by nature is, or hath in it uying or sleping, than in spending iyme, not onlie vainlie,

of a sonorous body vibrating at once, are called harmonics, harmony.--Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. v. $ 38. and the whole system of modern harmony depends upon I also harmjullie, in soch a kinde of exercise (paraphrasis.)

them.--Sir W. Jones. Essay on the Imitative Arts. Ascham. The Scholemaster, pt. ii.

All men in shape I did so far excel, And when sharp Winter shoots her sleet and harden'd hail,

(The parts in me such harmony did bear)

Musick belongs, as a science, to an interesting part of Or sudden gusts from sea the harmless deer assail,

As in my model Nature seem'd to tell, The shrubs are not of pow'r to shield them from the wind.

That her perfection she had placed here.

natural philosophy, which, by mathematicall deductions Drayton. Legend of Pierce Gaveston.

from constant phenomena, explains the causes and proper

ties of sound, limits the number of mixed, or harmonick, Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 2.

No man is able so well to judge of song and harmonical sounds to a certain series, which perpetually recurs, and his world of creatures, sheaths his poison'd teeth,

measures, as the best and most experienced musician. fixes the ratio which they bear to each other, or to one lead

Holland. Plutarch, p. 581. | ing term.-Id. Musical Modes of the Hindus. hem to a corner har miessly betake.-Id. Noah's Plood.

Thus much therefore may suffice, to shew that neither the As harmony is the end of poetical measures, no part of a
harmonique, nor the rythmick, nor any one of these facul- Terse ought to be so separated from the rest as not to remain
ties of musick, which is named particular, can be sufficient still more harmonious than prose, or to show, by the dispo-

of it self alone to judge of the affection, or to discern of other sition of the tones, that it is part of a verse.
Donne. Letter to the Lady Carey.
qualities.-Id. Ib. p. 1026.

Rambler, No. 90.
Oft in bands

It was their wish to see publick and private virtues not While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk dissonant and jarring, and mutually destructive, but harWith heav'nly touch of instrumental sounds

moniously combined, growing out of one another in a noble Shakespeare. Hen. VIII. Act ii. sc. 3. In full harmonic number join'd, their songs

and orderly gradation, reciprocally supporting and supported. hough we obey laws, and comply with received customs, Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to heaven.

Burke. On the Present Discontents,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. iv. neek, our principles peaceable, and our conversations

From part to part alternately convey
Plato therefore intending to declare harmonically the har- The harmonizing gloom, the darting ray
mony of the four elements of the soul, and the cause why With tones so just, in such gradation thrown,

Adopting Nature owns the work her own,
put down two medieties of the soul, and that according to

Mason. Fresnoy's Art of Painting. musicall proportion.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 1022.

Books, my son, while they teach us to respect the interest Cloris. Nay that those sweet harmonious strains we hear, of others, often make us unmindful of our own; while they Amongst the lively birds' melodious lays,

instruct the yonthful reader to grasp at social happiness, he As they recording sit upon the sprays,

grows miserable in detail, and, attentive to universal harWere hovering still for music at thine ears.

mony, often forgets that he himself has a part to sustain Drayton. The Muses' Elysium, Nymph. 4. in the concert.--Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 66.

Children of youth are even so;

The deadly killing aspic, when he seeth
And with the adder and the speckled snake,

For when through tasteless flat humility
n dough-bak'd men some harmlessness we see,
Tis but his phlegm that's virtuous, and not he.

- good a lady, that no tongue could euer Tonounce dishonour of her ; by my life, the neuer knew harme-doing.

avoid all occasions of contention, though our tempers ensive, we may yet prove successless in our endeavours ar course of life.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 30. God hath thought fit to leave us exposed to the Devil's upts, for the exercise of our virtue, so he hath taken to order matters in such a way, that we may always do elves good, and improve both our virtue and rewards, € assaults of the Devil, though he can do us no harm em.-Sharp, vol. iii. Ser. 4.

HA'RNESS, o. Fr. Harnois ; It. Arnése ; HAROW. “ The curious reader (says Mr. A mill sixpence of my mother's I loved as dearly, and a

Dut. Harnas ; Sw.Harnisk ; Low Lat.
Harnascha, and Hickes (Gr. Fr. Theot. p. 96). 1 rather be- harper that was gathered amongst us to pay the piper,

. which Hickes thinks means armour for the head lieve it to have been derived from har, altus, or skull, from the Goth. Quarnei, the skull, and op, clamor, two Islandic words, which were

Many excellent harpers there were, and players of the

lute.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 1037. (Gram. Franco. Theot. p. 92.) Wachter,—that probably once common to all the Scandinavian it is either the A. S. Iren, or Welsh Haiarn, both nations.”

And can no lesse (And see Todd's Spenser, vol. iii.

Tame the fierce walkers of the wildernesse, signifying iron, the metal of which harness or p. 413, Note.)

Than that Æagrian harpist, for whose lay armour is made: and supposes the word to have

Why let be, (quod she) let be, Nicholas,

Tigers with hunger pinde and left their pray, had its origin in the times when the Gauls and Or I wol crie out harow and alas.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b.i. &. 3. Germans began to cover the body with iron.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3286.

Also over night before the Nones of Februarie, (i, the The verb is used generally,

Up sterten Alison and Nicholay,

fourth day of the same moneth) the harpe-slurre Fidicula To dress or furnish, to arm : also to equip with And creiden, out and harow! in the street.

goeth downe, and is no more seene.

Id. Ib. v. 3823. harness, or the furniture used for draught horses.

Holland. Plinie, b. xrüi.c. 26. By 7 Richard II. c. 13, Launce-gaies armors This John goth out, and fint his hors away,

Such were his intentions, and such his judgment about and other harnies whatsoever are prohibited upon

And gan to cry, harou, and wala wa !

this practice; and we find him in effect true and answerable

Id. The Reves Tale, v. 4069. paine of forfaiture, &c.

to them, every song of his, every meditation, every exercise

of devotion chiefly harping upon this string; (the goodness Norreis and Surreis, that seruise auht the kyng,

"Harrow! the flames which me consume," said he, of God.)-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 26. With hors & herneis at Carlele made samnyng.

"Ne can be quencht, within my secret bowelles be." R. Brunne, p. 309. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 6. 8. 49. I know, the party are perpetually harping upon it, that

Christ and his apostles, and our first reformers, opposed Ich have seyen hym my self, som tyme in russet

HARP, v.

A. S. n. Hearpe, earpa; A.S. establishments.-Waterland. Works, vol. vi. p. 293. Bothe in greye and in greys, and in gylt harneis.

HARP, n.
Piers Plouhman, p. 282.

v. Hearpian ; Ger. n. Harpfe; Amongst the Roman emperors (the lords of a great part of

HA'RPER. Dut. Harpe ; Sw. Harpa ; Fr. the world) we find Nero at his harp, Domitian killing flies, And on that other side a gaie daggere,

HA'RPING, Mh. Harneised wel, and sharpe as point of spere.

Harpe; It. Arpa; Sp. Harpa; and Commodus playing the fencer; and all this only to

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 114.

Low Lat. Harpa.

busy themselves some way or other : nothing being so

HA'RPSICHORD. And rise on morow up erly

grievous and tedious to human nature, as perfect idleness. To harp,—to play upon the

South, vol. ir. Ser. 12. Out of thy bed, and harneis the harp.

But beauty gone, 'tis easier to be wise ;
Or euer dawning thou maist see.-Id. Rom. of the Rose. (Met.) to strike upon the same string, to touch As harpers better by the loss of eyes.
And on the morwe whan the day gan spring,
repeatedly upon the same subject, to restor

Parnell. An Elegy to an Old Beasly. Of hors and harneies noise and clattering dwell upon it, to touch or affect.

Their harpsichords set them so upon their round o’s and Ther was in the hostelries all aboute. Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2494. Menestral he was gode ynow, & harpare in eche poynte.

minuits, that the form of their battle was broken, and To Athelston pauylon myd ys harpe he wende,

three hundred thousand of them slain. Cesar sent ouer the Rhine into Germanye, vnto those And so wel wythoute harpede, that me after hym sende.

King. The Art of Cookery. cities which thother yeres before he had pacified, and de

R. Gloucester, p. 272. maunded of them horsmen, and fotemen light harnessed

in yon deep bed of whispering reeds (levis armaturæ) which were wont to feight amongest them Mony hundrede of aungeles. harpeden tho and songen. His airy harp shall now be laid, Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 220.

Piers Plouhman, p. 363. That he, whose heart in sorrow bleeds,
He smy father) was able, and did find the king a harnes,
For tho thingis that ben withouten the soule and ghyueth

May love through life the soothing shade. with himselfe and his horse, while he came to the place that voicis, eithir pipe eithir harpe, but tho ghyuen distinccion

Collins. Ode on the Death of Mr. Thomson. he should receive the king's wages. I can remember that of sowningis hou schal it be knowun that is sungun eithir

Muse, hang this harp upon yon aged beech, I buckled his harnes, when he went to Blackheath fielde. that that is trumpid.--Wiclif. I Cor. c. 14.

Still murmuring with the solemn truths I teach, Lalimer. First Sermon preached before King Edward.

And while at intervals a cold blast sings,
Moreouer, when thynges wythout lyfe geue sounde : Through the dry leaves, and pants upon the strings,
Where stand of old

whether it be a pipe, or an harpe : except they make a dis- My soul shall sigh in secret, and lament Myriads between two brazen mountains lodg'd

tinccion in the soundes: howe shal it be knowen what is A nation scourg'd, yet tardy to repent. Against a solemn day, harnest at hand, pyped or harped.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

Cowper. Espostulaties. Celestial equipage.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii. And in his harping, whanne that he hadde songe,

And you, ye host of saints, for ye have known The citizens sent the king's grace one hundred tall men His eyen twinkeled in his hed aright,

Each dreary path in life's perplexing maze, well harnessed, to furnishe his nauie, appoynted to kepe the

As donne the sterres in a frosty night.

Tho' now ye circle yon eternal throne narow seas.-Grafton. Hen. VIII. an. 13.

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 268. With harpings high of inexpressive praise, And on this syde fast by

Will not your train descend in radiant state Thus when I plow my ground, my horse is harnessed and

To break with mercy's beam this gathering cloud of fate. chained to my plough, and put in his track or furrow, and Sat the harper Orion

Mason. Elfride. And Eacides Chirion guided by my whip and my tongue. Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 50. And other harpers many one.-Id. House of Fame, b. iii.

If apostolic gravity be free

To play the fool on Sundays, why not we? At least we'll dye with harnesse on our backe.

Lo, this is my sentence

If he the tinkling harpsichord regards
Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act v. sc. 5. Eke, whan men harpe-strings smite

As inoffensive, what offence in cards?
Wheder it be much or lite

Strike up the fiddles, let us all be gay,
Great men should drinke with harnesse on their throates.
Lo, with the stroke the eyre it breketh.-Id. Ib. b. ii.

Laymen have leave to dance, if parsons play.
Id. Timon of Athens, Act i. sc. 2.

Couper. The Progress of Erroer. Thus he concludes, and euery hardy knight

He taketh the harpe, and in his wise
His sample follow'd, and his breth'ren twaine,
He tempreth, and of such assise

The quills of ravens sell for twelve shillings the hundred, The other princes put on harnesse light,

Synginge he harpeth forth with all,

being of great use in tuning the lower notes of a harpsichord, As footmen vse.

That as a voice celestiall

when the wires are set at a considerable distance from the Fairefax. Godfrey of Bovlogne, b. xi. 8. 25, Hem thought it sowned in her ere,

sticks.-Pennant. British Zoology. The Raven. As though that it an angell were.---Gower. Con. A. b. viii.

HARPOON. Venutius, a famous king of the Brigantes, and husband

Lat. Harpago; Fr. Harpon; to Cartismandua, (a woman of an high and noble linage, but King Hēry thereto would not condiscende, but still harped

HA'RPING-IRON. Gr. “Αρπαγη, απο του αρταςof a base and unsatisfied lust,) finding his bed abused by on thys stryng, that the virgyn, whych was lawfully com- HARPO'ONER.

EIV, quia quicquid prebenVellocatus his seruant and harnesse-bearer, raised his power byned in matrymony with Maximilian, kynge of Romans, deret, raperet. The invention of the harpaçon

, against her, and her paramour.

shoulde not be compelled agaynste her wil and promes. Speed. Great Britane, b. v. c. 6. 8. 12.

Hall. Hen. VII. an. 6. harpoon, or grapple, is ascribed by Pliny to Peri

cles, not to Anacharsis, as is asserted by Vossius As when Jove's harnesse-bearing bird from hye

A harde well playde on shewyth swete melody Stoupes at a flying heron with proud disdayne,

and Gesner. The name is now applied to

A harper with his wrest may tune the harpe wrong The stone-dead quarrey falls so forciblye,

Mystuning of an instrument shal hurte a true song. A javelin of iron, with a sharp triangular point That it rebownds against the lowly playne,

Skelton. Trouth & Information. barbed like an arrow. A second fall redoubling backe againe.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11. This string you cannot upon every apt occasion, harp There were deuised certeine instruments whereryth they When he was come home, being forgetful of his promises, upon too much.-Bacon, to Éssex, Oct. 4, 1576.

might pull downe the workes ye their enemyes inade, called he had raised much strise and contention, and had caused The helmed cherubim,

harpagons, [harpogonas vocant.] all his servants to be secretly armed and harnessed. And sworded seraphim,

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 54. Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1548, Are seen, in glittering ranks with wings display'd,

At last the enemies from out the Carthaginian ships He spoke; and, at his word, the Trojan train

Harping in loud and solemn quire,

began to cast out certain loggets, with yron hookes at the Their mules and oxen harness to the wain,

With unexpressive notes to heaven's new-born heir.

end (which the souldiers call harpagones) (grapples) for to Pour thro' the gates, and, feli'd from Ida's crown,

Milton. Ode on the Nativity. take hold upon the Roman ships.-Holland. Liries, p. 746. Roll back the gather'd forests to the town. Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xxiv.

Since you are so fullie minded and stify bent (quoth hee) The boat, which on the first assault did go,

neither will I importune you, nor dull your eares with Strook with a harping-ir'n the younger foe. Wisely, therefore, did Plato advise us not to exercise the harping still upon this unpleasant thing, and do no good;

Waller. The Batile of the Summer Islands. body without the soul, nor the soul without the body; but (neque ego oblundam, sæpius eadem nequicquam agendo.). to let them draw together equally, like horses harnessed

Holland. Livius, p. 54.

Some fish with harpoons, some with darts are struck, together in a carriage.-Knox. Winter Evenings, Even. 25.

Some drawn with nets, some hang upon the book. Our conqu'rors vaunting And yet (you] will voluntary run With bitter scoffs and taunting,

Dryden. Ovid. Art of Lore, bi To that confinement you would shun,

Thus proudly jest;

The women, who commonly know their husbands' deContent to drudge along the track,

Take down your harps and string them,

signs, prevent them from doing any injury to each other by With bell and harness on your back.

Recal your songs, and sing them,

hiding their lances, harpoons, bows and arrows, or any Lloyd. A Dialogue between the Author and his Friend,

For Sion's feast.

P. Fletcher, Ps. 137. weapon that they have.-Dampier. Foyages, an. 168).

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Though he struck the fish with a kind of harping-iron, from the A. S. Hergran; Ger. Herg-en; Sw.Hæria; O that a pot of siluer once would cracke
and wounded him, I am convinced, to death, yet he could
not possess himself of his body.
Fr. Harier ; to harry, (qv.) A. S. Herg-ian, (as

Beneath my harrow, by Alcides sent.

Beaumont. Persius, Sat. 2 Fielding. A Voyage to Lisbon. Somner interprets,) is,—“ vastare, spoliare, diriEach sail is set to catch the favouring gale, pere, depredari, to waste or lay waste, to spoile,

That David made the people of the Ammonites to pass

under saws and harrow's of iron is not safely imitable by While on the yard-arm the harpooner sits. to plunder, to hurry." See llerry in Jamieson.

Christian souldiers; because it has so much cruelty. Grai:ger. The Sugar Cane, b. ii. To lay waste, to plunder; and as the Fr.-to

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 2. They (the basking shark) will permit a boat to follow them tire, or toil out, to weary or wear out, to vex, to

No raking or harrowing can alter the nature of a barren without accelerating their motion till it comes almost within disquiet.

ground, though it may smooth and level it to the eye. contact; when a harpooner strikes his weapon into them,

South, vol. x. Ser. 11. as near to the gills as possible ; but they are often so insen- But meanewhile, to harrasse and wearie the English, sible, as not to move till the united strength of two men they did vpon all aduantares set vpon them with their light- Every harrower was allowed a brown loaf and two herrings has forced in the harpoon deeper. horse.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 63.

a day.--Blount. Ancient Tenures, p. 143.
Pennant. British Zoology. The Basking Shark.
A popular government of sin, under a multitude of tyrants,

While any dregs of this baneful system remain, you cannot
Gr. “Αρπυιαι ;
Lat. Harpuræ, so

which have, for so long a while, wasted and harrassed the justly boast of general freedom: it was a system of niggardly

soul.-Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 562. called from their rapaciousness; from the Gr.

and partial freedom, enjoyed by the great barons only, and ‘Apraš-elv, rapere.

Meanwhile the men of Judah to prevent

many-acred men, who were perpetually insulting and giving The harrass of their land beset me round.

check to the king, while they racked and harrowed the For ilands in the salt sea great thei (Strophades] stand,

Milton. Samson Agonistes. people.—Sir W. Jones. On the Reformatinn of Parliament. wherein doth dwell, Celeno foule mishapen bird, and harpies more right fell :

Being unwilling to refuse any public service, though my Thy weedy fallows let the plough pervade, Lyke foules with maidens face thei ben, their paunches

men were already very much harrassed, I marched thither. Till on the top th’inverted roots are laid,

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 102. There left to wither in the noon-tide ray, wyde defilde With garbage great, their hooked pawes thei sprede, and

Or by the spiky harrow clear'd away. As if we did not suffer enough from the storm which euer pale

Scott. Amoebean Eclogues. beats upon us without, must we conspire also, in those With hungry lookes. Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. iii. societies where we assemble, in order to find a retreat from Our version of this place would have been more accurate, What resteth then but this?

that storm, to harass one another.-Blair, vol. i. Ser. 6. and more strictly comformable to the original, if it had renPlucke downe those grating harpies that

dered the passage thus : he put them to saws and to harrows Unnumbered harassers Seduce our king amis,

of iron, and to axes of iron, and made them pass by, or to

Of the Fleet and Scots If worthles stil, set vp a king

the brick-kilns : that is, he put them to hard labour, with There to flee made were. Worthier than he thai is.

the tools, and in the places here specified.
Ode on Athelstan's Victory, from the Saxon, Ellis, i. 23.
Warner. Albron', England, b. v. c. 28.

Porteus, vol. ii. Ser. 5. Note.
With that

Whilst they exercised their ministry under the harassings Both table and provision vanisht quite

of frequent persecution, and in a state of almost continual HARRY, v. A. S. Hergian, (1. e. her-ig-an ;) With sound of harpies wings, and talons heard ;

alarm, it is not probable that, in this engaged, anxious, and Ger. Hæren; Sw. Haria; Fr. Harier. Ihre inOnly the importune tempter still remain'd.

unsettled condition of life they would think immediately of Millon. Paradise Regained, b ii.

writing histories for the information of the public or of pos- terprets, bello aliquem infestare, deriving it from terity:—Paley. Evidences of Christianity, pt. i. c. 8.

hær, an army. The A. S. Hergian (see Somner) is Thither by harpu-footed Furies hail'd,

HARRIDAN. At certain revolutions all the damn'd

"vastare, spoliare, diripere, deprædari; to waste,

Cotgrave says,—Haridelle,
Are brought.
Id. Paradise Lost, b. ii. a poor tit, or lean, ill-favoured jade.” From the Herry in Jamieson; and Harrass.

or lay waste, to spoile, to plunder, to harry." See From secret haunts, aerial, unexplor'd,

verb harrier, to harry. Flights of devouring harpies vex my board; One harried, and thus, toiled or worn out.

To lay waste, to plunder; and as the Fr. Ha

rier,-to tire or toil out, to weary or wear out; to Swift, instantaneous, sudden they descend, And from my mouth the tasteful morsel rend.

In a translated suit then tries the town,

vex, to disquiet
Fawkes. Apollonius Rhodius. Argonautics, b. ii.

With borrow'd pins, and patches not her own,
But just endur'd the winter she began,

On the left side, mo Devils than any herte may thinke, Contempt has driven out my love, and I am content to And in four months a batter'd harridan,

for to hary and drawe the sinful soules to the pitte of helle. have purchased, by the loss of fortune, an escape from a

Pope. Macer, a Character.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. harpy, who had joined the artifices of age to the allurements of youth.--Rambler, No. 192.

HARROW, v. Skinner,—“ By him that King Richarde him-selfe (was) slain in the fielde, hacked

See HACKBUT, and AR-

harowed hell” (i. e.) Christ; dead, his here in dispite torne and togged lyke a cur dogge.

and hewed of his enmies handes, haryed on a horsbacke HA'RQUEBUSSIER. HA'RROWER. from A. S. Herg-ian, vastare,

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 69.

Char. A proper man.
Then pushed souldiers with their pikes,

qui vastavit (i. e.) devicit inferos. And holbarders with handy strokes,

And Lye ob- Cleo. Indeed he is so : I repent me much,

That I so harried him. The hargabushe in fleshe it lightes, serves that harrow, in Chaucer, is the same as

Shakespeare. Antony & Cleopatra, Act iii. sc. 3 And dims the ayre with misty smokes.

harry; and hence, (he adds,) perhaps, the name Vncertaine Auctors. The Assault of Cupid, &c. was transferred to the tool or instrument with They entred against the Prouince, and in battle slew Duke After came 16,000 Janizaries, called the slaues of the which land is broken into smaller parts. Mr. Berthun, harrying the country miserably before him.

Speed. The West-Saxons, b. vii. c. 6. 8. 4. grand Signior, all a foote, euery one hauing his harquebush, Steevens says,—“ To harrow is to conquer, to who be his gard, all clothed in violet silke, and apparelled subdue. The word is of Saxon origin.” As the But hee wading thorow these troubles, harried the provpon their heades with a straunge forme.

uince of the South-Saxons with inuasions and calamities. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p. 112. verb, to harry, it is—

Id. Ib. b. vii. c. 7. 8. 5. an. 598. And when the Emperor's maiestie was setled where he

To waste or lay waste, to spoil, to plunder; to Fould be, and where he might see all the ordinance dis- disquiet, to disturb, to toil out, weary, or wear

[Parthia] was so weak, that with great difficulty they charged and shot off, the harquebusiers began to shoot off at out; and, consequentially, to over-power, to could defend themselves froin the Armenians, that contithe banke of ice.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 317. subdue; to vex, to disturb, to break or tear to nually harried them out of their skins.

North. Plutarch, p. 442. Hauing discharged our harquebuz-shot, suche a flocke pieces. of cranes (the most part white) arose vnder vs, with such

The Pharsalians harrying and troubling the rereward of a cry redoubled by many ecchoes, as if an armie of men

Othr shepe othr kyne kepe

Agesilaus' army, he put forth five hundred horsemen, which had showted all together.-Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 246.

Eggen othr harwen. othr swyne othr gees dryve.

gave them so lusty a charge, that he overthrew them by Piers Plouhman, p. 76.

force.-Id. Ib. p. 516. In the third yeare of the reigne of James the sixt, this

Say what thou wilt, I shal it neuer telle regent as he was riding through Lithgou, was shot at with an

To child ne wif, by him that harwed helle

"HARSH. Sw. Harsk. Anciently writharquebus by one James Hamilton, and so wounded, that he

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3512. HARSHLY. died of the hurt the next day following.

ten harryshe, and not improbably Holinshed. History of Scotland, an. 1570. And it may bee iustly suspected, by the proceedings fol

HA'RSHNESS. from the verb to harty, to vex, There were certeine wings and troopes of men of armes,

lowing, that as the king did excell in good common-wealth to molest, to trouble. demi-lances, and light horssemen, and also of harquebusiers, make vse of them, as well for collecting of treasure, as for

lawes; so neuerthelesse hee had (in secret) a designe to Troublesome or distressing; rigorous, rough, that attended vpon these three wards, garded with diuerse peeces of great artillerie.--Id. Ib. an. 1547.

See the quotation from correcting of manners; and so meaning thereby to harrow grating, austere, morose. his people, did accumulate them the rather.

Hobbs. This how much it served for the framing of men meet for

Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 144.

Meates harryshe, lyke the taste of wylde fruites, do conservice, both for the harquebus and great ordnance, was Most glorious Lord of life, that on this day, easily perceived, in that a number of this corporation in a

stipate and restrayne.-Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Hellh, p. 18.

Didst make thy triumph over death and sin: small time became perfect masters in this military skill. And hauing harrow'd hell, didst bring away

But melancholy settled in thy spleen,
Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1548. Captiuitie thence captiue, vs to win.-Spenser, son. 68.

My rhymes seem harsh to thy unrelish'd taste, HA'RRAGE. Perhaps intended for harrassed, Barn. Lookes it not like the king? Marke it Horatio.

Thy wits that long replenish'd have not been,
Hora. Most like: it harrowes me with fear and wonder.

Wanting kind moisture, do unkindly waste. or harried.

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1.

Drayton. Pastorals, Ecl. 2 And to me it is a double wonder ; first, that this archbishop would give ; secondly, that he could give, living in a Moreover, they are of opinion, that all manner of raking

His (Eumenes) speech was not harsh nor churlish, but harraged land, (wherein so much misery and little money) and harrowing, is an enemie to vines when they be in flowre,

very mild and pleasant, as appeareth by the letters he wrote.

North. Plutarch, 503. and putting forth young grapes. so vast a sum.--Fuller. Worthies. Kent.

Holland. Plinie, b. xvii. c. 22.

Confiding in the canon of the Council of Lyons, which forHA'RRASS, v. Fr. Harasser. M. Lance

But o ere long

bad the clergy to pay any taxes to princes without the conHA'RRASS, n. lot (says Menage) derives Too well I did perceive it was the voice

sent of the Pope, he (Robert Winchelsey) created much HA'RRASSER, from the Gr. Apas gely, pul

of my most honour'd lady, your dear sister.

molestation to himself, King Edward the First using him Amaz'd I stood, harrow'd with grief and fear.

very harshly, till at last he overcame all with his patience. HA'RRASSING, N. sare. Skinner, perhaps,

Milton. Comus.

Fuller. Worthies. Sussex VOL. I.


6 H

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0, if thou die before,
The harta likewise, in troupes taking their flight,

HASH. See To Hack.
My soul from other lands to thee shall soar ,
Raysing the dust, the mountains fast forsake.

To hack or chop, to cut in pieces; to cook or Thy (else almighty) beauty cannot move

Surrey. Virgile. Eneis, b. iv. Rage from the seas, nor thy love teach them love,

dress meat so cut. Nor tame wild Boreas' harshness. Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods,

A hash, (met.)—applied to things cut and dressed
Donne. Funeral Elegy on his Wife.

First hunter then pursu'd a gentle brace,
Goodliest of all the forrest, hart and hinde.

up anew. Simple sounds please by equality, as the sound of a bell

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi.

The entertainment [at the Portugal Ambassador's) was exor lute: insomuch as it seems, an equality continued by the percussion of the object upon the ear, is pleasure; the con- A strong solution of the volatile salt of harts-horn, or of ceeding civil, but besides a good olio, the dishes were trifling, trary is called harshness, such as is grating, and some other blood, made with their own phlegm or spirit, after some time

hash'd and condited after their way, not at all fit for an sounds, which do not always affect the body, but only someexhibits certain short flat prismes.

English stomach, which is for solid meate. times, and that with a kind of horror beginning at the teeth.

Grew. Cosmo. Sacra, b. i. c. 3.

Evelyn. Memoirs, Dec. 4, 1679. Hobbs. Human Nature, c. 8. And," as a great warrior said, “I had rather had an

I ask my readers to no treat

Of scientific hash'd-up meat,
With harsh-resounding trumpets' dreadfull bray.
army of harts, their general being a lion, than an army of

Nor seek to please theatrick friends,
Shakespeare. Rich. II. Act i. sc. 3. | lions, their general being an hart,"

Strype. Life of Smith, p. 192. App.

With scraps of plays, and odds and ends. Thou old Adam's likenesse, set to dresse this garden:

Lloyd. A Dialogue between the Author and his friend. How dares thy harsh-rude tongue sound this vnpleasing

The Count Kinski, ambassador from the emperor to the newes.

Old pieces are revived and scarcely any new ones adId. Ib. Act iii. sc. 4.

treaty at Nimeguen, gave me a receipt of the salt of harts

horn, by which a famous Italian physician of the emperor's mitted; the public are again obliged to ruminate orer those To whom he sung in rude harsh-sounding rimes,

had performed mighty cures upon many others as well as hashes of absurdity, which were disgusting to our ancestors That ere the next Ascension day at noone, himself.—Sir W. Temple. Of the Cure of the Gout.

even in an age of ignorance.-Goldsmith. Of Polite Learning. Your highnes should deliuer vp your crowne. Id. King John, Act iv. sc. 2. They (the horns of the stag] abound in ammonia, which HASK. The Glossarist to Spenser says, “ A

is the basis of the spirit of hartshorn : and the remains (after haske, is a wicker ped (basket) wherein they use He who wishes honestly, is no more an enemy to the offender than the physician to the patient, when he prescribes

the salts are extracted) being calcined, become a valuable
astringent in fluxes, which is known by the naine of burnt

to carry fish." Mr. Todd, in his note upon the harsh remedies to an inveterate disease. Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. To the Reader. hartshorn.- Pennant. British Zoology. Deer.

passage, cites an instance of the usage of the word

from Davison's Poems. Dr. Jamieson thinks it But it is not, perhaps he will pretend, for to assuage a HARVEST, v.) A. S. Hærfest, which Wach

may be from the Sw. Hwass, a rush. private passion, or to promote his particular concernment, HA'RVEST, n. ter derives from the Goth. that he makes so bold with his neig bour, or deals so harshly Ar, annona, and A. S. Fon, capere. Dr. Th. H.,

But nowe sadde winter welked hath the day, with him; but for the sake of orthodox doctrine, for advan

And Phæbus, wearie of his yearly taske, tage of the true church, for the advancement of publick in Skinner—from Hertha, whom the ancient Ger

Ystabled hath his steedes in lowly lay, good, he judgeth it expedient to asperse him.

mans worshipped pro Vesta, and feast, q.d. Vestæ And taken up his ynne in fishes haske.
Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 18.
seu Terræ, festivitas, seu dies festi. Skinner

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. Nocenker. This [delight in beholding torments) has been the raging himself is inclined to herba and festum, q.d. Fespassion of many tyrants, and barbarous nations; and be

HASP, v. 2 A. S. Heps, a lock, a haspe.

The A. S. Har-ian, longs, in some degree, to such tempers as have thrown off tum seu festivitas herbarum.

Hasp, n. that courteousness of behaviour which retains in us a just canescere, to grow or become hoary, and wastmiun, ner.) Ger. Hespe; Sw. Haspe ; Low Lat. Haspa,

Hæpsian, to locke, to haspe, (Somreverence of mankind, and prevents the growth of harshness fructificare, to bear or produce fruit, (expressing which Spelman calls – retinaculum quod pósti and brutality. Shaftesbury. Inquiry concerning Virtue, b. ii. pt. ii. s.3. quentially, the ripening of the fruits of the earth,) Gr. 'ATTELV, nectere. by their composition, the whitening, and, conse

ostium annectit. Skinner and Junius from the But their peculiarity is not excellence; if they differ from

Wachter- from the Ger. seem to present a plain and satisfactory etymology. verb Heb-en, (Goth. Hab-an; A. S. Habban,) tethe verses of others, they differ for the worse ; for they are too often distinguished by repulsive harshness.

Harvest, then, will first be used to signify,

Johnson. Life of Milton. Ripened corn; and be, then, applied to the nere, to hold or keep. We might place in contrast those songs of praise and season for the ripening and reaping of corn ; to

His knave was a strong carl for the nones,

And by the haspe he haf it at ones; thanksgiving, which were chaunted to the honour of the the gathering of any produce, of any thing pro- Into the flore the dore fel anon. God of Israel, accompanied by the cymbol, the sacbut, and duced or gained ; to the produce or gain itself.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 570. the harp, with the harsh and discordant notes, by which

Harvest is much used-prefixed. savage nations make their earlier attempts at harmony.

Besides these jewels, you must get
Cogan. Theol. Dis. on the Jewish Dispensation. So that thys duc adde agen heruest al gare

Cuff buckles, and an handsome set
With a smile
Hlys barons & hys knygtes, myd hym vorto fare.

Of tags for palatine, a curious hasp

The manteau 'bout her neck to clasp. Gentle, and affable, and full of grace

R. Gloucester, p. 358.

Erelyn. A Voyage to Marry-land. As fearful of offending whom he wish'd

Heruest trees without fruyt, twies deed, drawn up bi the Much to persuade, he plied his ear with truths, roote.-Wiclif. Judas, v. 11.

Haspt in a tombril, awkward have you shin'd,
Not harshly thunder'd forth, or rudely press'd,

With one fat slave before, and none behind.
But, like his purpose, gracious, kind, and sweet.
And yet what parson or uicar is there that will forget to

Garth. The Dispensary, e. 5.
Cowper. The Task. haue a pygin house to pecke vp somewhat both at sowing

tyme, and at haruest whé corne is ripe. They will forget Which may for some uses be a little more commodious if In rapid floods the vernal torrents roll, nothing.-Tyndall. Works, p. 136.

the cover be joined (as it may easily be) to the rest of tbe Harsh-sounding cataracts responsive roar; Thine angry billows overwhelm my soul,

Next him September marched eeke on foote;

frame, by two or three little hinges and a hasp, by whose And dash my shatter'd bark from shore to shore. Yet was he heavy laden with the spoyle

help the case may be readily opened and shut at pleasure. Lowth, Lect. 23. Paraph. on Psalm 42, by Gregory. Of harvests riches, which he made his boot,

Boyle. Works, vol. üi. p. 21. And him enricht with bounty of the soyle;

Upon landing two little trunks, which was all we carried HARSLET. beast ; as an hog's-haslet, calf's Fr. Hastilles, the inwards of a In his one hand, as fit for harrests toyle,

with us, we were surprised to see fourteen or fifteen fellows HA'slet.

He held a knife-hook.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, c. 7.

all running down to the ship to lay their hands upon them; gather, sheep's pluck, &c. (Cotgrave.) Skinner In harvest time, harrest folk, servants and all,

four got under each trunk, the rest surrounded, and held is inclined to derive this Fr. Hastilles (Lye seems Should make altogether good cheer in the Hall ;

the hasps.-Goldsmith. To Sir Joshua Reynolds.

And fill out the black bowl of blythe to their song, strangely to doubt the existence of the word) from And let them be merry all harvest time long,

HA'SSOCK. Serenius suggests the S#. the Fr. Haste, a spit ; because these intestines Once ended thy harrest, let none be beguiled

Hwass, juncus, a rush, and saeck, a sack. Fulwere usually fastened together, and in that state Please such as did help thee-man, woman, and child. dressed or cooked upon a spit.

crum pedum stramineum, says Skinner; a support And see Hatille

Tusser. August. Husbandry. for the feet, made of straw, (or hay, q.d. hay. in Menage.

Came there a certaine lord, neat, trimly drest;


Fresh as a bride-groome, and his chin new reapt, The Romans came to that excess, that the laws forbad the Shew'd like a stubble land at haruest-home.

Buy a mat for a bed, buy a mat, usage of hoga-harslet, sweetbreads, cheeks, &c. at their pub

Shakespeare. I Pt. Henry IV. Act i. sc. 3. A hassock for your feet. lick suppers.--King. Art of Cookery, Let. 9. And thus of all my narvest-hope I have

Beaum. f Fletch. The Night-Walker, Aet T. Their haslels are equal to that of a hog, and the flesh of Nought reaped but a weedie crop of care.

HASTE, v. Ger. Hasten; Dut. Haaster; some of them eats little inferior to beef-steaks.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. December.
Cook. Voyages, b. i. c. 4.

Haste, n.; Sw. Hasta ; Fr. Haster. The
Think, oh, grateful think!

HA'Sten. A. S. verb is written Efstan, HART.

How good the God of harrest is to you;
A. S. Heort; Ger. Hirsch ;
Who pours abundance o'er your flowing fields;

HASTENER. efstian, "accelerare, festinare,
While those unhappy partners of your kind

HA'sty. contendere; to hasten, to make derives from Heort, cor, and thinks it applied to Wide hover round you like the fowls of heaven,

HA'STILY. speed, to speed or make haste the animal from the largeness and timorousness

And ask their humble dole.

Thomson. Autumn

HA'Stiness. to go, to strive, to endeavour of its heart. Wachter, from Gr. Kepaos, horned, I have seen a stock of reeds harrested and stacked, worth HASTINGS, n. earnestly,” (Somner.) The from the size of its horns; and Ihre from A. S. two or three hundred pounds.- Pennant. Tour in Scotland.

Ger. Dut. Sw. and Fr. appear to be the same Heorod, a herd, because they feed or pasture in Fancy, with prophetic glance,

word, with the omission of f and addition of the herds.

Sees the teeming months advance ;
-see the quotation from Pennant.
The field, the forest, green and gay,

aspirate, and the change of e into a.
The dappled slope, the tedded hay;

To move or act speedily or swiftly; to accelerate, Ther saw he hartes with hir hornes hie,

Sees the reddening orchard blow,

to add to, to increase the speed or swiftness, the The gretest that were ever seen with eie.

The harvest wave, the vintage flow.

velocity; to quicken. Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,503.

Warton. Ode. The first of April.

Hasty, (met.)_having the feelings or passions Centaurus badde, that he (Achilles) ne sholde


quickly excited; passionate, precipitate, rash. Afer no best make his chas, Whiche wolde fleen out of his place :

Hastings,– Fr. Hastiveau, hastirel, " an hasting A little after the civil war between Cæsar and Pompey, As bucke and do, and herte and hynde, the haruspices ordered the temples of the deities to be de

pear, soon-ripe ;” more commonly With whiche he maie no werre finde.-'Gower. C. A. b. iv. molished.-Jortin. Rem. on Eccles Hist.

applied to peas, as green-hastings

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