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improbable that the noun is of the same origin as The hare-belle for her stainlesse azur'd hue,

And harlotes for harlotrie. aren holpen er nedy poure. the verb to hare, (qv.) and that the name was Claimes to be worne of none but those are true,

Piers Plouhruan, p. 164

P Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. s. 3. given to the animal because, -or from its terrors,

- Loven al treuthe when,-harried, or pursued by harriers.

On Desmond's mouldering turrets slowly shake

And haten alle harlotrie.

Id. p. $ Hare-brained, agreeably to the adage, “ As mad

The trembling rie-grass, and the hare-bell blue.

Mickle. Sir Martyn, c. 1.

And fornycacioun and al unelen nesse or anarice be me as a March hare;” Skinner derives it from the

named among ghou as it bicometh hooli men either fitte se verb to hare.

HARK, v. See HearKEN.

foli speche or harlotrie. (scurriliias.)-Wiclis. Efesia, el Hare-lip, labia fissa,—a lip split or divided into To hear, to listen; to take or receive at the He was a gentil harlot, and a kind; two parts, like that of the hare. ear.

A better felaw shulde a man not find.

Chaucer. The Prologue, 1.619. Myd word he thretneth muche, & lute deth in dede.

This king sit thus in his nobley,

A sturdy harlot went hem ay behind,
Herking his ministralles hir thinges pley
Hys mouth ys as a leon, hys herte arne as an hare.

R. Gloucester, p. 457.
Beforne him at his bord deliciously.

That was hir hostes man, and bare a sakke,
Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,392.

And what men yave him, laid it on his bakke.
What man art thou ? quod he,

Id. Tke Somprogres Tele, v.73 Thou lokest, as thou woldest finde an hare,

What I and all require of the For ever upon the ground I see the stare.

This for thy learning harke.

The miller is a cherl, ye know wel this,
Chaucer. Prologue to Sire Thopas, v. 13,627.

Drant. Horace. Arte of Poetrye.

So was the reve (and many other mo)

And har lotrie they tolden bothe two.
His men below cryde out to him, and prayd
And than sodenly ther started an hare among the French-

Id. The Milleres Prologue, T.3164 Him to retire, but he no whit could harke, men; and such as sawe her cryed and made gret brūt.

But boldly from the wall into the towne,

My king of haroltes (harlotes] shalt thou be.
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 42.
Which was thrise ten foote deepe, he leaped downe.

Id. Rom. of the Pope O painted fooles, whose hairbrainde heades must haue

Harrington. Orlando, b. xxxix.

But as sone as this thy sonne was come, which hath More clothes attones, than might become a kyng.

But if you will vnto my counsell harke,

deuoured thy goodes with harlotes, thou hast for hys picaster Gascoigne. The Steele Glas. And that you haue (as you pretend) such hast,

kylled the fatted caulse.--Bible, 1551. Luke, e. 15. Fansie (quoth he) farewell, whose badge I long did beare,

I will appoint for you a little barke,
That shall with oares conuey you safe and fast.

Thou makest thine hie place in euery street, & best na And in my hat full harebrayndly, thy flowers did I weare.

Id. Ib. b. xliii.

been as an harlot that despiseth a reward. Id. The Fruite of Fetters.

Genera Bible, 1561. Ezekiel, Ivi. J!

But heark ye, lady, The hairiest creature of all other is the hare.

One thing I must entreat, your leave, and sufferance; And has not been as an harlot in that thou scommest hår. Holland. Plinie, b. xi. c. 39. That these things may be open to my brother

Moders Ferna. A For more respect and honour. When hares use means to confound the scent and save themselves from the dogs that hunt them; we may observe,

Beaum. & Fletch. Love's Pilgrimage, Act iii.

Our great clerks think that these men, because they bate

a trade, (as Christ himself, and St. Paul had) cannot there that they take therein the readiest ways, and the most For we find a certain singular pleasure in hearking to such fore attain to some good measure of knowledge, and tes obvious to sense, to avoid the evil they fie from.

as be returned from some long voyage, and do report things reason of their actions, as well as they that spend their Digby. Of Bodies, c. 36.

which they have seen in strange countries, as the manners youth in loitering, bezzling, and harlotting, their studio a Lying at siege before the city of Corinth, he [Archi- differing from ours.- North. Plutarch. Amiot to the Readers. of people, the natures of places, and the fashions of lives, unprofitable questions and barbarous sophistry, their aiddir

age in ambition and idleness, their old age in avarice, coag, damus) marked how there were hares started even close

and diseases.-Milton. Anim. upon Remonst. Defence, L. under the walles thereof; upon which sight he said thus to Nay raise no tempest with looks; but, heark you: those that served with him : Our enemies are easie to be Remember, what your ladyship off"red me.

E. Ant. This day (great duke) she shut the doors surprised and caught, when they are so lazie and idle, as to

B. Jonson. The Fox, Act v. sc. 3.

vpon me, suffer hares to lie and harbour hard under their city walls,

While she with harlots feasted in my house.
even within the trench and town-ditch.
Hark! from yon covert, where those towering oaks

Shakespeare. Comedy of Errors, ACTRI
Holland. Plutarch, p. 375. Above the humble copse aspiring rise,
What glorious triumphs burst in every gale

Wouldst thou not spit at me and spurne at me,
I meane it (saith the king) by that same haire-braine wild

Upon our ravish'd ears. Somerville. The Chase, b. ii. And hurle the name of husband in my face, fellow, my subject, the Earle of Suffolke, who is protected

And teare the stain'd skin of my harlot brow, in your countrie, and begins to play the foole, when all The whistling ploughman stalks a-field ; and hark ! And from my false hand cut the wedding ring, others are wearie of it.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 223.

Down the rough slope the ponderous waggon rings.

And breake it with a deepe diuorcing vow!
Beallie. The Minstiel, b. i.

Id. Ib. Act is! Tiribazus hereupon was in such a rage with the king, that he hated him to the death: not because he was any traytour “Well, sir," says he, "e'en as you please, so then

So rose the Danite strong or seditious man in nature, but a mad hare-brained fellow. I'll never trouble you with plays again."

Herculean Samson from the harlet lap
Vorth. Plutarch, p. 798.
But hearkee, poet !-won't you though? says I.

of Philistine Dalilah, and wak'd

Moore. Prologue to Gil Blas. Shorn of his strength, they destitute and bare
Their jumping to and fro, before they leap plumb in [their
Then horse and hound fierce joy display,

Of all their virtue.

Milton. Paradise Lost. 1 in form), is to take their aim (not much unlike to dogs, turning about several times before they lie down); for hare-finders

Exulting at the hark-away.

Green. The Spleen.

Then this harlotry sitting next beneth him, said. The (who use to watch them) say they will do thus, though they

she had never in al her life seen any man to cut ones best be not pursued. -Digby. Of Bodies, c. 36.

HARLEQUIN, n. A comedian, because of, and it was a sight that of al other she would faines: se

Holland. Lirics, di
If some such desp'rate hackster shall devise
To rouse thine hare's-heart from her cowardice,

house of M. de Harlai in the reign of Henry III. of Malicious (for thy malice is As idle children striving to excell

France, is said to have first received this name. Thy matter all in all)
In blowing bubbles from an empty shell;
See Menage.

Is it to harlotize, thinkest thou,
Oh, Hercules ! how like to prove a man,

A goddesse, wrong too small.
That all so rath thy warlike life began !
I believe that these general observations in things sensible,

Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. C. de
Bp. Hall, þ. iv. Sat. 4. hold also in proportion in things insensible, and that one
Never mole, hare-lip nor scarre,
may say, in this respect, what harlequin says in the Emperor

On the 17th, (Dec. 1557] a young man and a young TOTO of the Moon; 'Tis there just as 'tis here.

rode through London in a cart. And the basd, the wires Nor make prodigious, such as are

Clarke. Mr. Leibnitz's Fifth Paper, p. 175.

John a' Badoo, was whipped at the said cart's tail; and its Despised in natiuitie,

harlot did beat her; and an old karlo: of three scere did zal Shall upon their children be.

They (pantomimes) spoke only to the eyes ; but with such the horse.-Strype. Memorials. Queen Mary, an. 1531. Shakespeare Midsummer Night's Dream, Act v. sc. 2. art of expression, that without the utterance of a single word, they represented, as we are told, a complete tragedy

In search of wisdom far from wit I fiy; Thus Gay, the hare with many friends,

Wit is a harlot beauteous to the eye, or comedy in the same manner as dumb harlequin is exhiTwice seven long years the Court attends : bited on our theatres.

In whose bewitching arms our early time Who, under tales conveying truth,

Johnson. General Conclusion to Brumoy's Greek Theatre. We waste, and vigour of our youthful prima. To virtue form'd a princely youth.

Philips. Os Tilf Te Swift. A Libel on Dr. Delany, &c.

- Monkeys have been Extreme good doctors for the spleen:

Deck'd by thee, What in common life would denote a man rash, fool-hardy, And kitten, if the humour hit,

The simple farm eclips'd the garden's pride, hair-brain'd, opiniatre, craz'd, is recommended in this Has harlequin'd away the fit.-Green. The Spleen.

Ev'n as the virgin blush of innocence, scheme as the true method ir speculation.

The harlotry of art.-Mason. The Englisk Gardes, a i.
Bentley. On Free-Thinking, $ 15.

HA'RLOT, v. The learned Dr. T.H.scité, ut

And, tho' true youth and nature have no part,

solet, (Skinner,) dictum putat, Well-one at least is safe. One shelter'd hare

Yet paint enlivens it, and wiles, and art; Has never heard the sanguinary yell

Ha'rlot, adj. quasi whorelet vel horelet, i. e. Colours laid on with a true harlot grace ; Of cruel man, exulting in her woes.--Cowper. Task, b. iii.

HA'RLOTRY. meretricula. And Tooke be- They only show themselves, and hide the face.

HA'rloTize, v.
But when at rising light
lieves that harlot is merely

Harte. The l'ision of Deoak Our boat stood still, up starts a hair-brain'd wight, horelet, the diminutive of hore; the common appli- HARM, v.

A.S. Yrmian, jerman, hest With sallow cudgel breaks the bargenian's pate, cation of the word was to males, merely as persons

cur Harm, n.

man, lædere, nocere ; And bangs the mule at a well-favour'd rate. Prancis. Horace, b. i. Sat. 5. whore, is the past part. of hyran, to hire. receiving wages or hire. Hore, or, as now written, HARMFUL.

modern (n.) harm was in the See HA'RMFULLY.

A.S. Yrmth, or jeruth, i.e. There are, indeed, two officers in the stables which are Whore, and Varlet, and Tooke, ii. 142.


whatsoever haructk or hurtsinecures. By the change of manners, and indeed by the

A hireling ; a hired servant or attendant; a low HA'RMLESSLY. nature of the thing, they must be so; I mean the several

the third persoa skeepers of buck hounds, stag hounds, fox hounds, and or base person, male or female; now confined to HA'RMLESSNESS.

gular of the verb. harriers.-Burke. On Economical Reform.

females, who prostitute their bodies for hire. Tooke.

Harlotries, Tyrwhitt interprets, ribaldries; (sc.) HA'REBELL. The English hyacinth, (says such as hirelings or low persons practise or de

To hurt, to mischief, to injure, to wrong; to

cause loss or damage. Skinner,) so called, I believe, because its concave light in. and pendulous flowers appear in shape to resemble

And smot the kyng wyth a knyf in the breste depe at

Dauwe the dyker. with a dosen harlotes. a bell,

And, to gret harm to al thys lond, tbe gode kyrg best Piers Plouhman, p. 106.

R. Gloucester, p21.

}he Auch erequented the


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1 And he was an art
And heo of scapye harmyles the gultes echon.

There is nothing almost has done more harme to men That this admirable engine of our bodies, whose functions

R. Gloucester, p. 335. dedicated to letters, than giving the name of study to read- are carryed on by such a multitude of parts, and motions And holy churche thorw. worth harmed for evere.

ing, and making a man of great reading to be the same with which neither interfere nor impede one another in their Piers Plouhman, p. 36.

a man of great knowledge, or at least to be a title of honour. operations; but by an harmonious sympathy promote the feel Do thy nevhebore non harme. ne the selve nother

Locke. Conduct of the Understanding, s. 23. perfection and good of the whole: that this should be an

undesign'd effect, is an assertion, that is more than melanThan dost thow wel and wisliche.-Id. 248.


These, while they are afraid of every thing, bring them- cholies hyperbole.--Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 5. I fotode er For much they disturbled me

selves and the churches in the greatest and most harmful at the. He is Por sore I dradde to harmed be.-Chaucer. Rom. of the R.

hazards.--Strype. Life of Abp. Parker an. 1572.

Probably either these (contrary qualities in Adam) were

so harmoniously mixed, as that there was no tendency to a And Tullius sayth, that no sorwe, ne no drede of deth, ne

Amidst his harmless easy joys

dissolution.--Hopkins. Funeral Serm. Eccl. ix. 5.

No anxious care invades his health,
nothing that may falle unto a man, is so muchel ageins
nature, as a man to encrese his owen profite, to harme of
Nor love his peace of mind destroys,

A king's name
another man.-Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

Nor wicked avarice of wealth.-Dryden. Horace, Ep. 2.

Doth sound harmoniously to men at distance.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Coronation, Act 7. 10 Dispise and cast away her that playeth so harmefully, for ciples is not more legible in our profession, than in our

But I dare, sir, avow, that the harmelessness of our prinshee that is now cause of so muche sorowe to thee, should practices and sufferings.Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 285.

By orderly disposing and harmonizing of them, he did by be to thee cause of peace & of ioye.-Id. Boecius, b. ii.

that means produce this most beautiful and perfect animal Horu**

of the world.-Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 215. i prezent But where a prince his lustes sueth,

That peace of mind, which we all enjoy under the shelter
That he the warre not pursueth
of the laws, is founded in a faith or belief, that they will

We conclude therefore that Vrania or the heavenly Venus,
Whan it is tyme to ben armed :
either secure us from harm, or avenge us when we are in-

was sometimes amongst the Pagans a name for the Supreme His countre stant full ofte harmed.-Gower. Con. 4. b. vii. juriously dealt withal.- Pearce, vol. i. Ser. 11.

Deity, as that which is the most amiable being, and first For who that loketh all tofore,

Yes, let me own,

pulchritude, the most benigu and fecund begetter of all 111.1. And woll not see, what is behynde :

To these, or classick deities like these,

things, and the constant harmonizer of the whole world,

Id. Ib. p. 489. He maie full ofte his harmes finde.-Id. Ib. b. v.

From very childhood was I prone to pay

Harmless idolatry.--Mason. The English Garden, b. iii.
Your studie and drifte is to kill me, a man that albeeit I

The composer should fit his musick to the genius of the Wer non other but a very man, yet wer I innocent and one Indeed were a design ever so well chosen, and harmlesly people, and consider that the delicacy of hearing, and taste that harme no man.- Udal. John, c. 8.

of harmony has been formed upon those sounds which every carried on, yet few things are so likely to hinder the success

country abounds with: in short, that musick is of a relative of it, as too great vehemence.-Secker, vol. ii. Ser. 5. No man is hurt but of himselfe, that is to say: aduersitie

nature, and what is harmony to one ear, may be dissonance or wrong suffering is no harme to him that hath a constant When the persecution is for modes of faith, their truth or to another.-Spectator, No. 29. heart; and liues vpright in all his doings.

falsehood comes in question : when for the common genius Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 120. of religion, its harmlesness or malignity is the only matter of They will soon conclude, that this machine is the whole enquiry.-Warburton. Divine Legation, Pref. (1758.)

man; and that the harmonical soul, in the hypothesis of an For he was for no other cause afflicted, beaten, spytte

harmonia prestabilita, is merely a fiction and a dream. Ypon, and crucified as an harmfull person, where he was HARMONY innocent and gyltlesse, but onely to pourge vs (who are in

Fr. Harmonie; It. Ar

Clarke. Fifth Reply to Leibnitz. very dede hurtfull caytifes and sinners) from al oure sinnes

HARMONICAL. monia ; Sp. Arinonia; Lat. How oft hast thou thy votaries beheld
and iniquities.- Udal. Hebrews, c. 4.

HARMONICK. Harmonia ; Gr. 'Apuovia. At Crambo merry met, and hymnyng shrill
They that long to be ryche, dooe fall into temptacion, and

With voice harmonic each, whilst others frisk
Musicis ita dicitur concen-

In mazy dance, or Cestrian gambols show,
into the grynne of the deuyll, and into many desyres vnpro-

HARMONICALLY. tus; ac propriè ita vocatur

Elate with mighty joy.-J. Philips. Cerealia, (1706.) ditable and harmefull.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1203.

HARMO'NIOUS. apta omnis commissura ac
With gentle touche whoes harmlesse flame did shine,

HARMONIOUSLY. compages, ab dpuošw, quod Such Venus shines, when with a measur'd bound
Upon his heare, about his temples spred.

HA'RMONIST. ab ápuos, uti hoc ab apw,

She smoothly gliding swims th' harmonious round,

When with the Graces in the dance she moves,
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.

apto, (Vossius.)

And fires the gazing Gods with ardent love.
The kynge remoued his siege to a castell of the bisshop of The fit or apt union or connexion of parts; in

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xviii.
Cambray named Thune, standyng upon the ryuer of Lestant, concordant proportion; in agreement or cor-
where the kyng lay longe tyme wythout hurme-doynge vnto

But the atheistical astrologer is doubly pressed with this the sayde castell. --- Fabyan. Chronicle, an. 1377. respondence; in musical proportion or concord. absurdity. For if there was no counsel at the making of the

world, how came the Asterisms of the same nature and And the example of Tully ought in this point to be

O (ad. she) there is a melody in heauen, which clerkes energies to be so harmoniously placed at regular intervals ? followed, who when it was in his power to harme and to cleapen harmony, but that is not in breaking of voice, but it

Bentley, Ser. 3. spare (as himselfe affirmeth) sought for causes of forgive- is a maner swete thing of kindly werching, yt causeth ioy nesse, and not occasions of punishment: which is the proper

out of nomber to recken, and that is ioyned by reason and Of which obedience, his most precious death is, by our dutie of a discreet and considerate judge.

by wisedome, in a quantity of proporcion of knitting. most excellent harmonist, declared to be the consummation Holland. Ammianus, p. 142.

Chaucer. Testament of Loue, b. ii. and utmost completion; and to it are here ascribed the very

greatest and highest things that it was even possible for Flesh without blood, a person without spright,

And with the swete harmony, that he made on his harpe, him to express.-Nelson. Life of Dr. George Bull.
Wounds without hurt, a body without might,

he cöstrained the iuel spirite, that vexed kinge Saule, to
That could doe harme, yet could not harmed bee,
forsake him, continuynge the tyme that he harped.

- Now the soft hour
That could not die, yet seem'd a mortall wight,

Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. i. c. 7. Of walking comes ; for him who lonely loves
That was most strong in most infirmitee;

To seek the distant hills, and there converse
Like did he never heere, like did he never see.
God graunteth to some men prowesse martiall

With Nature; there to harmonize his heart
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11. To a nother daunsinge, with song harmonical.

And in pathetic song to breathe around

Id. Ib. c. 20. from Homer.
And look, as arrows, by strong arm

The harmony to others.

Thomson. Summer.
In a strong bow drawn to the head,
Touching musicall harmonie, whether by instrument or

The victory was at last so complete, as none were found
Where they are meant, will surely harm,
by voyce, it being but of high and low sounds a due propor.

able to rally their forces in this cause against our judicious And if they hit, wound deep and dread;

tionable disposition, such notwithstanding is the force there harmonizer.- Nelson. Life of Dr. George Bull. Children of youth are even so;

of, and so pleasing effects it hath in that very part of man As harmful, deadly, to a foe.-P.Fletcher. Psalm 127. which is most diuine, that some have beene thereby induced

These accessary sounds, which are caused by the aliquots But a scholer, by myne opinion, is better occupied in to thinke that the soule it selfe by nature is, or hath in it

of a sonorous body vibrating at once, are called harmonics, playing or sleping, than in spending tyme, not onlie vainlie,

harmony.--Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. v. 8 38. and the whole system of modern harmony depends upon but also harmfullie, in soch a kinde of exercise (paraphrasis.)

them.-Sir W. Jones. Essay on the Imitative Arts.
All men in shape I did so far excel,
Ascham. The Scholemaster, pt. ii.
(The parts in me such harmony did bear)

Musick belongs, as a science, to an interesting part of
And when sharp Winter shoots her sleet and harden'd hail, As in my model Nature seem'd to tell,
Or sudden gusts from sea the harmless deer assail,

That her perfection she had placed here.

natural philosophy, which, by mathematicall deductions The shrubs are not of pow'r to shield them from the wind.

Drayton. Legend of Pierce Gaveston.

from constant phenomena, explains the causes and proper

ties of sound, limits the number of mixed, or harmonick, Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 2.

No man is able so well to judge of song and harmonical sounds to a certain series, which perpetually recurs, and The deadly killing aspic, when he seeth

measures, as the best and most experienced musician. fixes the ratio which they bear to each other, or to one leadThis world of creatures, sheaths his poison'd teeth,

Holland. Plutarch, p. 581. | ing term.-Id. Musical Modes of the Hindus.
And with the adder and the speckled snake,
Them to a corner harmlessly betake.--Id. Noah's Plood. Thus much therefore may suffice, to shew that neither the As harmony is the end of poetical measures, no part of a
For when through tasteless flat humility
harmonique, nor the rythmick, nor any one of these facul-

verse ought to be so separated from the rest as not to remain ties of musick, which is named particular, can be sufficient still more harmonious than prose, or to show, by the dispa In dough-bak'd men some harmlessness we see,

of it self alone to judge of the affection, or to discern of other sition of the tones, that it is part of a verse.
'Tis but his phlegm that's virtuous, and not he.
qualities.-Id. Ib. p. 1026.

Rambler, No. 90.
Donne. Letter to the Lady Carey.

Oft in bands
So good a lady, that no tongue could euer

It was their wish to see publick and private virtues not
Pronounce dishonour of her; by my life,

While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk

dissonant and jarring, and mutually destructive, but harShe neuer knew harme-doing.

With heav'nly touch of instrumental sounds

moniously combined, growing out of one another in a noble In full harmonic number join'd, their songs

and orderly gradation, reciprocally supporting and supported. Shakespeare. Hen. VIII. Act ii. sc. 3. Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to heaven.

Burke. On the Present Discontents, Though we obey laws, and comply with received customs,

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv.
and avoid all occasions of contention, though our tempers

From part to part alternately convey
be meek, our principles peaceable, and our conversations Plato therefore intending to declare harmonically the har. The harmonizing gloom, the darting ray
inoffensive, we may yet prove successless in our endeavours mony of the four elements of the soul, and the cause why With tones so just, in such gradation thrown,
to live peaceably, and may be hated, harmed, and disquieted things so divers accorded together; in each intervall hath

Adopting Nature owns the work her own.
in our course of life. -Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 30.
put down two medieties of the soul, and that according to

Mason. Fresnoy's Art of Painting.
musicall proportion.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 1022.
As God hath thought fit to leave us exposed to the Devil's

Books, my son, while they teach us to respect the interest attempts, for the exercise of our virtue, so he hath taken Cloris. Nay that those sweet harmonious strains we hear, of others, often make us unmindful of our own; while they care to order matters in such a way, that we may always do Amongst the lively birds' melodious lays,

instruct the yonthful reader to grasp at social happiness, he ourselves good, and improve both our virtue and rewards, As they recording sit upon the sprays,

grows miserable in detail, and, attentive to universal harby the assaults of the Devil, though he can do us no harm Were hovering still for music at thine ears.

mony, often forgets that he himself has a part to sustain by them.-Sharp, vol. lii. Ser. 4.

Drayton. The Muses' Elysium, Nymph. 4. in the concert.-Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 66.


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HARNESS, 0, 1 Fr. Harnois ; It. Arnése; HAROW. “ The curious reader (says Mr. A mill sixpence of my mother's I loved as dearly, and a
I Sp. Arnés ; Ger. Harnisch; Tyrwhitt) may consult Du Cange, (in v Haroep,)

two-pence I had to spend over and above ; besides, the

harper that was gathered amongst us to pay the piper. Dut. Harnas ; Sw.Harnisk; Low Lat. Harnascha, and Hickes (Gr. Fr. Theot. p. 96). 1 rather be

B. Jonson. The Gipsia Metamorphosed. which Hickes thinks means armour for the head lieve it to have been derived from har, altus, or skull, from the Goth. Quarnei, the skull, and op, clamor, two Islandic words, which were

Many excellent harpers there were, and players of the

lute.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 1037. (Gram. Franco. Theot. p. 92.) Wachter,--that probably once common to all the Scandinavian it is either the A. S. Iren, or Welsh Haiarn, both nations.

And can no lesse (And see Todd's Spenser, vol. iii.

Tame the fierce walkers of the wildernesse, signifying iron, the metal of which harness or p. 413, Note.)

Than that Æagrian harpist, for whose lay armour is made: and supposes the word to have Why let be, (quod she) let be, Nicholas,

Tigers with hunger pinde and left their pray. had its origin in the times when the Gauls and Or I wol crie out harow and alas.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. i. 8. 5. Germans began to cover the body with iron.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3286.

Also over night before the Nones of Februarie, (i. the The verb is used generally,

Up sterten Alison and Nicholay,

fourth day of the same moneth) the harpe-sturre Fidicula To dress or furnish, to arm : also to equip with And creiden, out and harow! in the street.

goeth downe, and is no more seene. harness, or the furniture used for draught horses.

Id. Ib. v. 3823.

Holland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 26.
By 7 Richard II. c. 13, Launce-gaies armors
This John goth out, and fint his hors away,

Such were his intentions, and such his judgment about and other harnies whatsoever are probibited upon

And gan to cry, harou', and wala wa !

this practice; and we find him in effect true and answerable

Id. The Reves Tale, v. 4069, paine of forfaiture, &c.

to them, every song of his, every meditation, every exercise

of devotion chiefly harping upon this string; (the goodness Harrow! the flames which me consume," said he, Norreis and Surreis, that seruise auht the kyng,

of God.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 26. With hors & herneis at Carlele made samnyng.

"Ne can be quencht, within my secret bowelles be.'
R. Brunne, p. 309.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 6. 8. 49. I know, the party are perpetually harping upon it, that

Christ and his apostles, and our first reformers, opposed Ich have seyen hym my self, som tyme in russet

HARP, v.
A. S. n. Hearpe, earpa; A.S.

establishments. -Waterland. Works, vol, vi. p. 293. Bothe in greye and in greys, and in gylt harneis.

HARP, 11.
Piers Plouhman, p. 282.

v. Hearpian ; Ger. n. Harpfe; Amongst the Roman emperors (the lords of a great part of

HA'RPER. Dut. Harpe ; Sw. Harpa ; Fr. the world) we find Nero at his harp, Domitian killing flies, And on that other side a gaie daggere,

HA'RPING, n. Harneised wel, and sharpe as point of spere.

Harpe; It. Arpa; Sp. Harpa; and Commodus playing the fencer; and all this only to

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 114,

Low Lat. Harpa.

busy themselves some way or other : nothing being ko HA'RPSICHORD.

grievous and tedious to human nature, as perfect idleneks.

To harp,--to play upon the And rise on morow up erly

South, vol. iv, Ser. 12. Out of thy bed, and harneis the

harp. Or euer dawning thou maist see.-Id. Rom. of the Rose. (Met.) to strike upon the same string, to touch

But beauty gone, 'tis easier to be wise ;

As harpers better by the loss of eyes. repeatedly upon the same subject, to rest or And on the morwe whan the day gan spring,

Parnell, An Elegy to an Old Beasty. Of hors and harneies noise and clattering

dwell upon it, to touch or affect. Ther was in the hostelries all aboute.

Their harpsichords set them so upon their round o's and
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2494.
Menestral he was gode ynow, & harpare in eche poynte.

minuits, that the form of their battle was broken, and To Athelston pauylon myd ys harpe he wende,

three hundred thousand of them slain. Cesar sent ouer the Rhine into Germanye, vnto those And so wel wythoute harpede, that me after hym sende.

King, The Art of Cookery. cities which thother yeres before he had pacified, and de

R. Gloucester, p. 272. maunded of them horsmen, and fotemen light harnessed

in yon deep bed of whispering reeds
Mony hundrede of aungeles. harpeden tho and songen.
(levis armatura) which were wont to feight amongest them

His airy harp shall now be laid,
Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 220.

Piers Plouhman, p. 363.

That he, whose heart in sorrow bleeds, He (my father) was able, and did find the king a harres, For tho thingis that ben withouten the soule and ghyueth

May love through life the soothing shade. with himselfe and his horse, while he came to the place that voicis, eithir pipe eithir harpe, but tho ghyuen distinccion

Collins, Ode on the Death of Mr. Thomsen, he should receive the king's wages. I can remember that of sowningis hou schal it be knowun that is sungun eithir Muse, hang this harp upon yon aged beech, I buckled his harnes, when he went to Blackheath fielde. that that is trumpid.-Wiclis. I Cor. c. 14.

Still murmuring with the solemn truths I teach,
Latimer. First Sermon preached before King Edward.
Moreouer, when thynges wythout lyfe geue sounde :

And while at intervals a cold blast sings,
Where stand of old
whether it be a pipe, or an harpe : except they make a dis-

Through the dry leaves, and pants upon the strings,
tinccion in the soundes: howe shal it be knowen what is

My soul shall sigh in secret, and lament Myriads between two brazen mountains lodg'd

A nation scourg'd, yet tardy to repent. Against a solemn day, harnest at hand,

Pyped or harped.--Bible, 1551. Ib. Celestial equipage.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii.

Cowper. Expostulaties
And in his harping, whanne that he hadde songe,

And you, ye host of saints, for ye have known
His eyen twinkeled in his hed aright,
The citizens sent the king's grace one hundred tall men

Each dreary path in life's perplexing maze,
As donne the sterres in a frosty night.
well harnessed, to furnishe his nauie, appoynted to kepe the

Tho' now ye circle yon eternal throne narow seas.-Grafton. Hen. VIII. an. 13.

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 268. With harpings high of inexpressive praise,
And on this syde fast by

Will not your train descend in radiant state
Thus when I plow my ground, my horse is harnessed and
Sat the harper Orion

To break with mercy's beam this gathering cloud of fate

. chained to my plough, and put in his track or furrow, and And Eacides Chirion

Mason. Elfrids. guided by my whip and my tongue. Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 50. And other harpers many one.--Id. House of Fame, b. iii.

If apostolic gravity be free

To play the fool on Sundays, why not wel At least we'll dye with harnesse on our backe.

Lo, this is my sentence

If he the tinkling harpsichord regards
Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act v. sc. 5. Eke, whan men harpe-strings smite

As inoffensive, what offence in cards ?
Wheder it be much or lite
Great men should drinke with harnesse on their throates.

Strike up the fiddles, let us all be gay,
Id. Timon of Athens, Act i. sc. 2.
Lo, with the stroke the eyre it breketh.--Id. Ib. b. ii.

Laymen have leave to dance, if parsons play.

Couper. The Progress of Erroge. He taketh the harpe, and in his wise Thus he concludes, and euery hardy knight His sample followd, and his breth'ren twaine, He tempreth, and of such assise

The quills of ravens sell for twelve shillings the bundred The other princes put on harnesse light,

Synginge he harpeth forth with all,

being of great use in tuning the lower notes of a harpsichord, As footmen vse. That as a voice celestiall

when the wires are set at

considerable distance frote the Fairefax. Godfrey of Bovlogne, b. xi. s. 25, Hem thought it sowned in her ere,

sticks.-Pennant. British Zoology. The Raven.

As though that it an angell were.--Gower. Con. A. b. viii. Venutius, a famous king of the Brigantes, and husband

HARPOON. Lat. Harpago; Fr. Harpen; to Cartismandua, (a woman of an high and noble linage, but King Hēry thereto would not condiscende, but still harped


Gr. 'Apnayn, ato tov apra!. of a base and insatisfied lust,) finding his bed abused by on thys stryng, that the virgyn, whych was lawfully com- HarpO'ONER. Vellocatus his seruant and harnesse-bearer, raised his power byped in aexmony with Maximilian, kynge of Romans, deret, raperet

. The invention of the harpagon


Eiv, quia quicquid prehenagainst her, and her paramour.

shoulde be compelled Speed. Great Britane, b. v. c. 6. s. 12.

Hall. Hen. VII. an. 6. harpoon, or grapple, is ascribed by Pliny to PeriAs when Jove's harnesse-bearing bird from hye

A harpe well playde on shewyth swete melody

cles, not to Ănacharsis, as is asserted by Vossius Stoupes at a flying heron with proud disdayne, A harper with his wrest may tune the harpe wrong

and Gesner. The name is now applied to The stone-dcad quarrey falls so forciblye, Mystuning of an instrument shal hurte a true song.

A javelin of iron, with a sharp triangular point That it rebownds against the lowly playne,

Skeiton. Trouth & Information. barbed like an arrow.
A second fall redoubling backe againe.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. ll. This string you cannot upon every apt occasion, harp

There were deuised certeine instruments wherewyth the When he was come home, being forgetful of his promises, upon too much.-Bacon, to Essex, Oct. 4, 1576.

might pull downe the workes yt their enemyes made, called he had raised much strise and contention, and had caused

The helmed cherubim,

harpagons, [harpogonas vocant.] all his servants to be secretly armed and harnessed.

And sworded seraphim,
Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1548. Are seen, in glittering ranks with wings display'd,
Harping in loud and solemn quire,

At last the enemies from out the Carthaginian ships He spoke; and, at his word, the Trojan train

With unexpressive notes to heaven's new-born heir.

began to cast out certain loggets, with yron hookes at the Their mules and oxen harness to the wain, Pour thro' the gates, and, fellid from Ida's crown,

Milton. Ode on the Nativity. table word upon the hieman ships. --'lolland. Lirico

, p. ith.

end (which the souldiers call ) Roll back the gather'd forests to the town. Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xxiv.

Since you are so fullie minded and stifly bent (quoth hee) neither will I importune you, nor dull your eares with

The boat, which on the first assault did go, Wisely, therefore, did Plato advise us not to exercise the harping still upon this unpleasant thing, and do no good ;

Strook with a harping-ir'n the younger foe. body without the soul, nor the soul without the body; but (neque ego oblundam, sæpius eadem nequicquam agendo.) to let them draw together equally, like horses harnessed

Holland. Livius, p. 54. together in a carriage.-Knox. Winter Evenings, Even, 25.

Our conqu’rors vaunting

Some drawn with nets, some hang upon the hook. And yet (you) will voluntary run

With bitter scoffs and taunting,
To that confinement you would shun,

Thus proudly jest ;
Content to drudge along the track,

Take down your harps and string them,
With bell and harness on your back.

Recal your songs, and sing them,
Lloyd. A Dialogue between the Author and his Friend,

For Sion's feast.

P. Fletcher, Ps. 137.

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 54.

Walter. The Batile of the Summer Islands. Some fish with harpoons, some with darts are struck,

Dryden. Ovid. Art of Lore, b. i. The women, who commonly know their husbands' des signs, prevent them from doing any injury to each other by hiding their lances, harpoons, bows and arrows, or ay weapon that they have.--Dampier. Voyages, an. 1681.

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Though he struck the fish with a kind of harping-iron, from the A. S. Hergran; Ger. Herg-en ; Sw.Hæria; O that a pot of siluer once would cracke
d wounded him, I am convinced, to death, yet he could
Fr. Harier; to harry, (qv.) A. S. Herg-ian, (as

Beneath my harrow, by Alcides sent. possess himself of his body.

Beaumont. Persius, Sat. 2 Fielding. A Voyage to Lisbon. Somner interprets,) is," vastare, spoliare, diriEach sail is set to catch the favouring gale, pere, depredari, to waste or lay waste, to spoile, That David made the people of the Ammonites to pass

under saws and harrous of iron is not safely imitable by While on the yard-arm the harpooner sits. to plunder, to harry." See Herry in Jamieson.

Christian souldiers; because it has so much cruelty.
Grainger. The Sugar Cane, b. ii.
To lay waste, to plunder; and as the Fr.—to

Bp. Taylor, Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 2. They (the basking shark] will permit a boat to follow them tire, or toil out, to weary or wear out, to vex, to

No raking or harrowing can alter the nature of a barren thout accelerating their motion till it comes almost within disquiet.

ground, though it may smooth and level it to the eye. fact; when a harpooner strikes his weapon into them,

South, vol. x. Ser. 11. near to the gills as possible ; but they are often so insen- But meanewhile, to harrasse and wearie the English, le, as not to move till the united strength of two men they did vpon all aduantages set vpon them with their light- Every harrower was allowed a brown loaf and two herrings i forced in the harpoon deeper. horse.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 63.

a day.--Blount. Ancient Tenures, p. 143. Pennant. British Zoology. The Basking Shark. A popular government of sin, under a multitude of tyrants,

While any dregs of this baneful system remain, you cannot HARPY.

which have, for so long a while, wasted and harrassed the Gr. 'Appulal; Lat. Harpuræ, so

justly boast of general freedom: it was a system of niggardly soul.-Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 562.

and partial freedom, enjoyed by the great barons only, and led from their rapaciousness; from the Gr. Meanwhile the men of Judah to prevent

many-acred men, who were perpetually insulting and giving TPS-elv, rapere. The harrass of their land beset me round.

check to the king, while they racked and harrowed the or ilands in the salt sea great thei [Strophades] stand,

Milton, Samson Agonistes.

people.-Sir W. Jones. On the Reformation of Parliament. wherein doth dwell,

Being unwilling to refuse any public service, though my Thy weedy fallows let the plough pervade, eleno foule mishapen bird, and harpies more right fell :

men were already very much harrassed, I marched thither. Till on the yke foules with maidens face thei ben, their paunches

th' inverted roots are laid,

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 102. There left to wither in the noon-tide ray,
wyde defilde
'ith garbage great, their hooked pawes thei sprede, and

Or by the spiky harrow clear'd away.
As if we did not suffer enough from the storm which

Scott. Amoebean Eclogues. euer pale

beats upon us without, must we conspire also, in those 'ith hungry lookes. Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. iii. societies where we assemble, in order to find a retreat from Our version of this place would have been more accurate, What resteth then but this?

that storm, to harass one another.-Blair, vol. i. Ser. 6. and more strictly comformable to the original, if it had renlucke downe those grating harpies that

dered the passage thus: he put them to saws and to harrows Unnumbered harassers Seduce our king amis,

of iron, and to axes of iron, and made them pass by, or to or the Fleet and Scots worthles stil, set vp a king

the brick-kilns : that is, he put them to hard labour, with There to flee made were. Worthier than he that is.

the tools, and in the places here specified.
Ode on Athelstan's Victory, from the Saron, Ellis, i. 23.
Warner. Aloon', England, b. v. c. 28.

Porteus, vol. ii. Ser. 5. Note
With that

Whilst they exercised their ministry under the harassings oth table and provision vanisht quite

of frequent persecution, and in a state of almost continual HARRY, v. A. S. Hergian, (1. e. her-ig-an ;) ith sound of harpies wings, and talons heard ; alarm, it is not probable that, in this engaged, anxious, and

Ger. Hæren; Sw. Hæria; Fr. Harier. Ihre innly the importune tempter still remain'd.

unsettled condition of life they would think immediately of Millon. Paradise Regained, b ii.

writing histories for the information of the public or of pos- terprets, bello aliquem infestare, deriving it from

terity.--Paley. Evidences of Christianity, pt. i. c. 8. har, an army. The A. S. Hergian (see Somner) is lither by harpy-footed Furies hail'd,

“ vastare, spoliare, diripere, deprædari; to waste, : certain revolutions all the damn'd

HARRIDAN. Cotgrave says,Haridelle, ce brought. Id. Paradise Lost, b. ii. a poor tit, or lean, ill-favoured jade.” From the Herry in Jamieson ; and Harrass.

or lay waste, to spoile, to plunder, to harry.” See om secret haunts, aerial, unexplor'd, verb harrier, to harry.

To lay waste, to plunder; and as the Fr. Haights of devouring harpies vex my board;

One hurried, and thus, toiled or worn out. vift, instantaneous, sudden they descend,

rier,--to tire or toil out, to weary or wear out; to id from my mouth the tasteful morsel rend. In a translated suit then tries the town,

vex, to disquiet Fawkes. Apollonius Rhodius. Argonautics, b. ii.

With borrow'd pins, and patches not her own,
But just endur'd the winter she began,

On the left side, mo Devils than any herte may thinke, intempt has driven out my love, and I am content to And in four months a batter'd harridan,

for to hary and drawe the sinful soules to the pitte of helle. purchased, by the loss of fortune, an escape from a

Pope. Macer, a Character.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. y, who had joined the artifices of age to the allurets of youth.-Rambler, No. 192. HARROW, v. Skinner,“ By

King Richarde him-selfe (was) slain in the fielde, hacked (A'RQUEBUSS. HA'RROW, n.

and hewed of his enmies handes, haryed on a horsbacke See HACKBUT, and ARla'RQUEBUSSIER. HA'RROWER. from A. S. Herg-ian, vastare,

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 69. QUEBUSE.

HA'RROWING, n. (to harry) verbatim, per eum Char. A proper man. en pushed souldiers with their pikes, And holbarders with handy strokes, qui vastavit (i. e.) devicit inferos. And Lye ob- Cleo. Indeed he is so : I repent me much,

That I so harried him. e kargabushe in fleshe it lightes, serves that harrow, in Chaucer, is the same as

Shakespeare. Antony & Cleopatra, Act iii. 8c. 3 And dims the ayre with misty smokes.

harry; and hence, (he adds) perhaps, the name Vrcertaine Auctors. The Assault of Cupid, &c. was transferred to the tool or instrument with They entred against the Prouince, and in battle slew Duke ter came 16,000 Janizaries, called the slaues of the

which land is broken into smaller parts. Mr. Berthun, harrying the country miserably before him. d Signior, all a foote, euery one hauing his harquebush,

Speed. The West-Saxons, b. vii. c. 6. 8. 4. Steevens says,—" To harrow is to conquer, to be his gard, all clothed in violet silke, and apparelled subdue. The word is of Saxon origin.” As the their heades with a straunge forme.

But hee wading thorow these troubles, harried the pro

uince of the South-Saxons with inuasions and calamities. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p. 112. verb, to harry, it is—

Id. Ib. b. vii. c. 7. 8. 5. an. 598. id when the Emperor's maiestie was setled where he

To waste or lay waste, to spoil, to plunder; to d be, and where he might see all the ordinance dis- disquiet, to disturb, to toil out, weary, or wear

[Parthia] was so weak, that with great difficulty they zed and shot off, the harquebusiers began to shoot off at out; and, consequentially, to over-power, to could defend themselves froin the Armenians, that contilanke of ice.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 317. subdue; to vex, to disturb, to break or tear to nually harried them out of their skins.

North. Plutarch, p. 442. uing discharged our harquebuz -shot, suche a flocke pieces. anes (the most part white) arose vnder vs, with such

The Pharsalians harrying and troubling the rereward of - redoubled by many ecchoes, as if an armie of men

Othr shepe othr kyne kepe

Agesilaus' army, he put forth five hundred horsemen, which showted all together.-Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 246.

Eggen oth' harwen. Othr swyne othr gees dryve.

Piers Plouhman, p. 76.

gave them so lusty a charge, that he overthrew them by

force.--Id. Ib. p. 516. the third yeare of the reigne of James the sixt, this

Say what thou wilt, I shal it neuer telle at as he was riding through Lithgou, was shot at with an To child ne wif, by him that harwed helle

"HARSH. Etebus by one James Hamilton, and so wounded, that he

Sw. Harsk. Anciently writof the hurt the next day following.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3512. HA'RSHLY. ten harryshe, and not improbably Holinshed. History of Scotland, an. 1570. And it may bee iustly suspected, by the proceedings fol

HA'Rshness. from the verb to harry, to vex, ere were certeine wings and troopes of men of armes,

lowing, that as the king did excell in good common-wealth to molest, to trouble. -lances, and light horssemen, and also of harquebusiers, make vse of them, as well for collecting of treasure, as for

lawes; so neuerthelesse hee had (in secret) a designe to Troublesome or distressing; rigorous, rough, attended vpon these three wards, garded with diuerse 3 of great artillerie.--Id. Ib. an. 1547.

correcting of manners; and so meaning thereby to hurrow grating, austere, morose. See the quotation from his people, did accumulate them the rather.

Hobbs. is how much it served for the framing of men meet for

Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 144.

Meates harryshe, lyke the taste of wylde fruites, do conse, both for the harquebus and great ordnance, was Most glorious Lord of life, that on this day, perceived, in that a number of this corporation in a

stipate and restrayne.--Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Helth, p. 18.

Didst make thy triumph over death and sin : time became perfect masters in this military skill. And hauing harrow'd hell, didst bring away

But melancholy settled in thy spleen,
Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1548. Captiuitie thence captiue, vs to win.-Spenser, son. 68.

My rhymes seem harsh to thy unrelish'd taste, A’RRAGE. Perhaps intended for harrassed, Barn. Lookes it not like the king? Marke it Horatio.

Thy wits that long replenish'd have not been,

Wanting kind moisture, do unkindly waste.
Hora. Most like: it harrowes me with fear and wonder.

Drayton. Pastorals, Ecl. 2.

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1. to me it is a double wonder ; first, that this archwould give ; secondly, that he could give, living in a Moreover, they are of opinion, that all manner of raking

His (Eumenes) speech was not harsh nor churlish, but Jed land, (wherein so much misery and little money) and harrowing, is an enemie to vines when they be in flowre, very mild and pleasant, as appeareth by the letters he wrote. La sum.--Puller. Worthies. Kent. and putting forth young grapes.

North. Plutarch, p. 503. Holland. Plinie, b. xvii. c. 22.

Confiding in the canon of the Council of Lyons, which forA'RRASS, v. Fr. Harasser. M. Lance

But O ere long

bad the clergy to pay any taxes to princes without the conlot (says Menage) derives Too well I did perceive it was the voice

sent of the Pope, he (Robert Winchelsey) created much 'RRASSER, from the Gr. Aparceiv, pulof my most honour'd lady, your dear sister.

molestation to himself, King Edward the First using him Amaz'd I stood, harrow'd with grief and fear.

very harshly, till at last he overcame all with his patience. ='RRASSING, n. sare. Skinner, perhaps

Milton. Comus.

Fuller. Worthies. Sussex OL. I.


6 II

harowed hell" (i.e.) Christ; a





0, if thou die before,
The harta likewise, in troupes taking their flight,

HASH. See To Hack.
My soul from other lands to thee shall soar,
Raysing the dust, the mountains fast forsake.

To hack or chop, to cut in pieces; to cook or
Thy (else almighty) beauty cannot move

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.

dress meat so cut.
Rage from the seas, nor thy love teach them love,
Nor tame wild Boreas' harshness.
Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods,

A hash, (met.)-applied to things cut and dressed
Donne, Funeral Elegy on his Wife.

First hunter then pursu'd a gentle brace,
Goodliest of all the forrest, hart and hinde.

up anew. Simple sounds please by equality, as the sound of a bell

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi.

The entertainment (at the Portugal Ambassador's) was exor lute : insomuch as it seems, an equality continued by the percussion of the object upon the ear, is pleasure; the con- A strong solution of the volatile salt of harts-horn, or of ceeding civil, but besides a good olio, the dishes were trifling,

hash'd and condited after their way, not at all fit for an trary is called harshness, such as is grating, and some other blood, made with their own phlegm or spirit, after some time

English stomach, which is for solid meate. exhibits certain short flat prismes. sounds, which do not always affect the body, but only some

Evelyn. Memoirs, Dec. 4, 1679.

Grew, Cosmo. Sacra, b. i. c. 3. times, and that with a kind of horror beginning at the teeth. Hobbs, Human Nature, c. 8. And," as a great warrior said, "I had rather had an

I ask my readers to no treat

1. Cacao

Of scientific hash'd-up meat,
With harsh-resounding trumpets' dreadfull bray.
army of harts, their general being a lion, than an army of

Nor seek to please theatrick friends,
Shakespeare, Rich. II. Act i. sc. 3. lions, their general being an hart."

With scraps of plays, and odds and ends.

Strype. Life of Smith, p. 192. App. Thou old Adam's likenesse, set to dresse this garden:

Lloyd. A Dialogue between the Author and his friend. How dares thy harsh-rude tongue sound this vnpleasing

The Count Kinski, ambassador from the emperor to the newes. Id. Ib. Act iii. sc. 4.

Old pieces are revived and scarcely any new ones adtreaty at Nimeguen, gave me a receipt of the salt of hartsTo whom he sung in rude harsh-sounding rimes,

horn, by which a famous Italian physician of the emperor's mitted; the public are again obliged to ruminate over these had performed mighty cures upon many others as well as

hashes of absurdity, which were disgusting to our ancestors That ere the next Ascension day at noone, himself.-—Sir W. Temple. Of the Cure of the Gout.

even in an age of ignorance.--Goldsmith. Of Polite Learning. Your highnes should deliuer vp your crowne. Id. King John, Act iv. sc. 2. They (the horns of the stag] abound in ammonia, which HASK. The Glossarist to Spenser says, “ A

is the basis
of the spirit of hartshorn : and

the remains (after haske, is a wicker ped (basket) wherein they use He who wishes honestly, is no more an enemy to the offender than the physician to the patient, when he prescribes

the salts are extracted) being calcined, become a valuable
astringent in fluxes, which is known by the name of burnt


to carry fish.” Mr. Todd, in his note upon harsh remedies to an inveterate disease. Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. To the Reader. hartshorn.- Pennant. Brilish Zoology. Deer.

passage, cites an instance of the usage of the word

from Davison's Poems. Dr. Jamieson thinks it But it is not, perhaps he will pretend, for to assuage a HARVEST, v. A.S. Hærfest, which Wachprivate passion, or to promote his particular concernment, HARVEST, n. ter derives from the Goth.

may be from the Sw. Hwass, a rush. that he makes so bold with his neig: bour, or deals so harshly

Dr. Th. H.,

But nowe sadde winter welked hath the day, with him ; but for the sake of orthodox doctrine, for advan- Ar, annona, and A. S. Fon, capere.

And Phoebus, wearie of his yearly taske, tage of the true church, for the advancement of publick in Skinner from Hertha, whom the ancient Ger

Ystabled hath his steedes in lowly lay, good, he judgeth it expedient to asperse him.

mans worshipped pro Vesta, and feast, q.d. Vestæ Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 18.

And taken up his ynne in fishes haske. seu Terræ, festivitas, seu dies festi. Skinner

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender, Norenber. This [delight in beholding torments) has been the raging himself is inclined to herba and festum, q.d. Fespassion of many tyrants, and barbarous nations; and be

HASP, v. tum seu festivitas herbarum. The A. S. Har-ian,

A. S. Hæps, a lock, a hospe. longs, in some degree, to such tempers as have thrown off that courteousness of behaviour which retains in us a just canescere, to grow or become hoary, and wastmiun, ner.) Ger. Hespe ; Sw. Haspe; Low Lat. Haspa.

Hasp, n. Hæpsian, to locke, to haspe

, (Somreverence of mankind, and prevents the growth of harshness fructificare, to bear or produce fruit, (expressing which Spelman calls – retinaculum quod posti and brutality, Shaftesbury. Inquiry concerning Virtue, b. ii. pt. ii. 8.3. by their composition, the whitening, and, conse quentially, the ripening of the fruits of the earth,) Gr. 'Artev, nectere.

ostium annectit. Skinner and Junius---from the But their peculiarity is not excellence; if they differ from seem to present a plain and satisfactory etymology. verb Heb-en, (Goth. Hab-an; A. S. Habban,) te

Wachter from the Ger. the verses of others, they differ for the worse ; for they are too often distinguished by repulsive harshness.

Harrest, then, will first be used to signify,

Johnson. Life of Milton. Ripened corn; and be, then, applied to the nere, to hold or keep. We might place in contrast those songs of praise and season for the ripening and reaping of corn ; to

His knave was a strong carl for the nones, thanksgiving, which were chaunted to the honour of the the gathering of any produce, of any thing pro

And by the haspe he haf it at ones; God of Israel, accompanied by the cymbol, the sacbut, and

Into the flore the dore fell anon. duced or gained ; to the produce or gain itself. the harp, with the harsh and discordant notes, by which Harvest is much used--prefixed.

Chaucer. The Milleres Take, . 5470. savage nations make their earlier attempts at harmony.

Besides these jewels, you must get
Cogan. Theol. Dis. on the Jewish Dispensation. So that thys duc adde agen heruest al gare

Cufl buckles, and an handsome set
With a smile
llys barons & hys knygtes, myd hym vorto fare.

Of tags for palatine, a curious hasp
Gentle, and affable, and full of grace

R. Gloucester, p. 358.

The manteau 'bout her neck to clasp.
As fearful of offending whom he wish'd
Heruest trees without fruyt, twies deed, drawn up bi the

Evelyn. A Voyage to Marry-land. Much to persuade, he plied his ear with truths,

roote.-Wiclif. Judas, v. 11. Not harshly thunder'd forth, or rudely pressid,

Haspt in a tombril, awkward have you shin'd,
But, like his purpose, gracious, kind, and sweet.
And yet what parson or uicar is there that will forget to

With one fat slave before, and none behind.
Cowper. The Task. haue a pygin house to pecke vp somewhat both at sowing

Garth. The Dispensary, c. 3. tyme, and at horuest whê corne is ripe. They will forget In rapid floods the vernal torrents roll, nothing.--Tyndall. Works, p. 136.

Which may for some uses be a little more commodious if Harsh-sounding cataracts responsive roar;

the cover be joined (as it may easily be) to the rest of be Thine angry billows overwhelm my soul,

Next him September marched eeke on foote;

frame, by two or three little hinges and a hasp, by whose And dash my shatter'd bark from shore to shore. Yet was he heavy laden with the spoyle

help the case may be readily opened and shut at pleasure. Lowth, Lect. 23. Paraph. on Psalm 42, by Gregory.

Of harvests riches, which he made his boot,

And him enricht with bounty of the soyle; HA'RSLET.) Fr. Hastilles, the inwards of a In his one hand, as fit for harresis toyle,

Upon landing two little trunks, which was all we carried HA'SLET. ( beast; as an hog's-haslet, calf's

He held a knife-hook.--Spenser. Faerie Queene, c. 7.

with us, we were surprised to see fourteen or fifteen fellow

all running down to the ship to lay their hands upon the gather, sheep's pluck, &c. (Cotgrave.) Skinner In harvest time, harrest folk, servants and all,

four got under each trunk, the rest surrounded, and held is inclined to derive this Fr. Hastilles (Lye seems

Should make altogether good cheer in the Hall;

the hasps.--Goldsmith. To Sir Joshua Reynolds.

And fill out the black bowl of blythe to their song, strangely to doubt the existence of the word) from And let them be merry all harvest time long,

HA'SSOCK. the Fr. Haste, a spit ; because these intestines

Serenius suggests the S. Once ended thy harrest, let none be beguiled were usually fastened together, and in that state Please such as did help thee-man, womian, and child.

Hwass, juncus, a rush, and saeck, a sack. Fu. dressed or cooked upon a spit. And see Hatille

crum pedum stramineum, says Skinner; a support in Menage.

Came there a certaine lord, neat, trimly drest;
Fresh as a bride-gruome, and his chin new reapt,

stack.) The Romans came to that excess, that the laws forbad the

Shew'd like a stubble land at haruest-home. usage of hogs-hirslet, sweetbreads, cheeks, &c, at their pub

Buy a mat for a bed, buy a mat,

Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Henry IV. Act i. sc. 3. A hassock for your feet. lick suppers.--King. Art of Cookery, Let, 9.

And thus of all my narvest-hope I have Their haslels are equal to that of a hog, and the flesh of Nought reaped but a weedie crop of care. some of them eats little inferior to beef-steaks.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. December.

Cook. Voyages, b. i. c. 4.
Think, oh, grateful think!

Haste, n.;
How good the God of harrest is to you;

A. S. Heort; Ger. Hirsch ;
Who pours abundance o'er your flowing fields;

HART's-HORN. | Dut. Hart; Sw. Hjort. Junius While those unhappy partners of your kind

Halsty. derives from Heort, cor, and thinks it applied to Wide hover round you like the fowls of heaven,

HA'Stily. And ask their humble dole. the animal from the largeness and timorousness

Thomson. Autumn

HA'STINESS. of its heart. Wachter, from Gr. Kepaos, horned, I have seen a stock of reeds harrested and stacked, worth HA'STINGS, n. from the size of its horns; and Ihre from A. S. two or three hundred pounds.--Pennant. Tour in Scotland. Heorod, a herd, because they feed or pasture in

Fancy, with prophetic glance, herds.

Sees the teeming months advance ;
Hartshorn,—see the quotation from Pennant.
The field, the forest, green and gay,

aspirate, and the change of e into a.

The dappled slope, the tedded hay;
Ther saw he hartes with hir hornes hie,

Sees the reddening orchard blow,
The gretest that were ever seen with eie.

The harvest wave, the vintage flow,
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,503.

velocity; to quicken.

Warlon. Ode. The first of April.
Centaurus badde, that he (Achilles) ne sholde

After no best make his chas,

See ARUspex.
Whiche wolde fleen out of his place :

A little after the civil war between Cæsar and Pompey,
As bucke and do, and herte and hynde,
With whiche he maie no werre finde.-Gower. C. A. b. iv. molished, --Jortin. Rem. on Eccles Hist,

the haruspices ordered the temples of the deities to be des apple or pear, a soon-ripe apple;” more commonly

Boyle. Works, vol. üi. p. 111.

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Beaum. f Fletch. The Night-Walker, Act ".

Ger. Hasten; Dut. Haasten; Sw, Hasta; Fr. Haster. The A. S. verb is written Eptirn, efstian, "accelerare, festinare

, contendere; to husten, to make speed, to speed or make haste

to go, to strive, to endeavour Ger. Dut. Sw. and Fr. appear to be the same

earnestly,” (Somner.) The word, with the omission of f and addition of the

To move or act speedily or swiftly; to accelerate. to add to, to increase the speed or swiftness, the

Hasty, (met. )-having the feelings or passions quickly excited; passionate, precipitate

, rash. Hastings,-Fr. Hastiveau, hastivel, an hosting applied to peas, as green-hastings

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