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HAWSE. See Halse,
Too vast and hazardous the task appears.
hepaten the gathering of the olives; the Hay may take its
Nor suited to thy strength, nor to thy years. HAY. Fr. Haye ; Dut. Haeghe; A. S. Hæg; name from a similar custom upon getting up the
Addison. Ovid. Met b. ii. (q softened into y) a hedge or haw, (qv.) Fr. hay-harvest.
I am always willing to run some hazard of being tedious,
Mr. Douce observes on the passage cited below in order to be sure that I am perspicuous. Nayer ; A. S. Heg-ian ; Ger. Haeghen, sepire, to enclose, to surround. from Shakespeare, that the Hay was a dance
Smith, Wealth of Nations, b. i. c.5.
to Dean borrowerl from the French, and that it is classed That which hedgeth, encloseth, or surroundeth.
Ev'n daylight has its dangers ; and the walk
Of harmless flocks, is hazardous and bold. enclosed, and thus caught, was also called a hay.
Cowper. Taak, b. ir, See Minshow,
ted Jen. No; we'll have “the hunting of the fox." Jack Slime. “ The hay! the hay.'" there's nothing like
HAZE, v. The roser was withouten dout “the hay." --lleywood, A Woman kill'd with Kindness.
or rains, small rain. Skinner,--
Fre And fast I besied and would faine taber to the worthies, and let them dance the hey.
HA'ZINESS.) caliginosus, a cloudy and gloomy Ini na Haue passed the hay, if I might
Shakespeare. Love's Labour Lost, Act v. sc. 1. | atmosphere; and suggests the Ger. Hassen, to Haue getten in.---Chaucer, Roin. of the Rose.
hate ; from the disagreeableness of such weather.
HAZARD, v. None of you all there is, that is so madde
Fr. Hazarde; It
, Azarro, It is not improbably from the A. S. Has-ian, to be To seke for grapes on brainbles, or on bryers,
HAZARD, n. zara;, Sp. Azar; Low Lat. hoarse, (the r has not been intruded either into Nor none I trow, that hath a wit so badde,
HAZARDABLE. Azardun. Menage,—from the German, Dutch, or Swedish,) hoarse being apTo set his hay for conies ouer riuers.
Lat. Tessara, q. d. tessara, plied to the thickness of the voice, and haze, to the
HAZARDOUS. tsara, zara, azara, azzardo. He whiche entendeth to take the fierse and mighty lyon HAZARDRY
To hazard (as commonly mean,
thickness of the atmosphere. To haze, then, will pytcheth his hnye or nette in the woode amonge greatte trees and thornes.-Sir T. Elyot. The Governorr, v. ii.c.14. applied) is~
To put or place at risk, (sc.) at risk of danger threatening rain; to misle, to drizzle.
To thicken, to become cloudy or gloomy; (sc.) And if it chaunced that they whipt off, or snapt any
or loss; to risk, to expose to chance; to venture asunder, yet the steele and truncheon thereof being sharp still at the point (headlesse though it were) among the other rashly; to game.
In the morning hazy weather frequently, and thick mists. pikes that were headed, served to make a fense as it were
Dampier. Voyages, an. 1654. an haie or palaisade.-Holland. Livirs, p. 819.
Her ydelnesse hem ssal hrynge to synne lecherye,
But instead of encouraging us to trust ourselves to the
haze and mists and doubtful lights of that changeable week, Said commonly it is, that if a man do set an hedge or hay
R. Gloucester, p. 195. on the answerable part of the opposite page, he (Rider] thereof round about a grange or ferme house in the coun
Sendeth som other wise embassadours,
gives us a salutary caution. troy, there will no kites nor hawks, nor any such ravening For by my trouthe, me were lever die,
Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 4 birds of prey, come neare.-Id. Plinie, b. xxiii. c. 1.
Than I you shuld to hasardours allie.
Indeed the sky was, in general, so cloudy, and the wea. Sur. O, I looked for this.
ther so thick and hazy, that he had very little benefit of sun The hay a pitching And whan he came, it happed him par chance,
or moon. -Cook. Voyage, vol. iii. b. i. c. 4.
From all these fears we were relieved at six in the mornWhile yet his busy bands, with skilful care,
Yplaying at hasard he hem found.--Id. Ib. v. 12,542. ing, by the arrival of Mr. Morrison, who acquainted us that The meshy hayes and forky props prepare.
And now that I have spoke of glotonie,
he was sure he beheld land very near; for he could not see
half a mile, by reason of the haziness of the weather.
Fielding. A Voyage to Lisbor,
Id. ib. v. 12,524. HAZEL. A.S. Hæsl, hasl-nutu; Dut. HaCasaubon,—from Gr. Eta, gramen.
. our generall to set them on land, making their choise rather Wachter, with less truth than ingenuity, in the Ihre, and a great number of followers,—from the
to submit themselves to the mercie of the sauages or in- opinion of Ihre, asserts that hazel is met the Dut. Houwen ; Ger. Hauen, secare, to cut. Quid fidels, then longer to hazard themselues at sea. enim est fænum, nisi gramen sectum, (Wachter.)
Huckluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 473. calyx of the nut, from A, S. Hasel, galerus, a A. S. Heawian, to hew, or cut.
At the first he was sore encountred, and put in great
hat: and that, from the calyy, the fruit and the Grass cut. hasarde of repulse, but at length he vanquished and ouer
tree receive their name.
The A.S. Hesel
, he threw his enemies.--Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 17. seems to consider as a derivative (or diminutive) Vitaile inouh at weld, thei fond of corn and hay. R. Brunne, p. 160. Lycurgus was in his nature hazardous, and by the lucky
of het, a hat, (qv.) passing through many dangers, grown confident in himself, Hazel, hazelly, (applied to colour, e. g. hazel Othr have an horne and be hayvard and liggen out a
Sidney. Arcadia, b. iii. mould, hazelly loam,) the colour of the hazel-mixte nyghtes.-Piers Plouhman, p. 76. Suspition of friend, nor feare of foe,
that is, brown, of a light brown. And he comaundide to hem that thei schulden make alle That hazardelh his health, had he at all, men sitte to mete by cumpanyes on grene hey.
But walkt at will, and wandred to and fro,
A ring (qd. he) ye hazel wodes shaken.
Chaucer. Troilus, b. iii.
As for other nuts, their meat is solide and compact, a For if ony bildith ouer this foundement gold, siluer, pre
These mighty actors, sons of change,
we may see in filberds and hazels, which also are a kind o? civuse stoonys, stickis, hey or stobil eueri mannys Werk
These partizans of factions often try'd,
nut, and were called heretofore Abellinæ, of their native schal be open.-Id. I Corynth. c. 3.
That in the smoke of innovations strange
place, from whence came good ones at first. If onye man bylde on thys foundacion, golde, syluer, pre- Build huge uncertain plots of unsure pride;
Holland. Plinie, b. IT. c. 92. cious stones : tymbre, haye, or stobble: euery mannes And on the hazard of a bad exchange,
With hazel Phyllis crowns her flowing hair;
Have ventur'd all the stock of life beside. worcke shall appeare.-Bible, 1551. Ib.
And while she loves that common wreath to wear, Daniel. The Civil War, b. ii,
Nor bays, nor myrtle boughs, with hazie shall compare, Sil. Prethee content thyself, we shall scout here, as though We went a haying.-Beaum. & Fletch. The Concombe, Act i.
How to keep the corps seven dayes from corruption by anointing and washing without exenteration, were an
Among the roots hazurdable peece of art, in our choisest practise.
Of hazel, pendent o'er the plaintive stream, Whereby a man may see how manie bloudie quarels a
They frame the first foundation of their domes,
Brown. Urne-Buriall, c. 3. bralling swashbuckler maie picke out of a bottle of haie,
Dry sprigs of trees, in artful fabric laid namelie when his braines are forebitten with a bottle of
Live, and alleagaunce owe
And bound with clay together.
Thomsos. Spring nappie ale.-Holinshed. Chronicles of Ireland, an. 1528.
To him, that gives thee life and liberty;
Kc [Marvel] was of a middling stature, pretty strong set, Or, if the earlier season lead,
That hasty wroth, and heedlesse hazardry,
roundish faced, cherry cheeked, hazel-eyed, brown haired. To the tann'd haycock in the mead.--Milton. L'Allegro. Do breede repentaunce late, and lasting infamny.
Grainger. Biographical History of Englasd. As soon as he knew one of them, he easily concluded in
Spenser. Faerie Queene. b. ii. c. 5.
Here then suspend the sportsman's hempen toils, what condition they both were; and presently carried them
Perhaps thou lingrest in deep thoughts detain'd
And stretch their meshes on the light support into a little barn full of hay; which was a better lodging
Of the enterprize so hazardous and high,
of hazel-plants, or dry thy lines of wire then he had for himself,
ned, b. iii.
In five-fold parallel; no danger then
That sheep invade thy foliage.
These fain would keep, and those more fain enjoy. within two days, send an honest man to the King, to guide
And to such height their frantick passion grows, him to some other place of security; and in the mean time
HE. Goth. Ha; A.S. He; Ger. Hee; Dut
. That what both love, both hazard to destroy. his Majesty should stay upon the hay-mow.-Id, Ib.
Hy; Sw. Han.
Dryden. Annus Mirabilis, 1666. by our old writers, applied to the feminine and There is not a single article of provision for man or beast,
Hence passionate and unreasonable men ignorantly call it which enters that great city (Paris) and is not excised; corn,
courage, to hazard their lives in their own private quarrels; hay, meal, butcher's-meat, fish, fowls, every thing. where contempt of danger is, on the contrary, neither rea
plural as well as to the singular. He is no doubt Burke. On a late State of the Nation.
sonable nor just; because, neither is the danger at all need from a similar, if not from the same, source with
ful to be run into, nor is the benefit proposed to be obtained it, or hit, or het, (for so was the word anciently HAY. To dance the hay, (says Skinner,) from by it, in any manner equal to the evil hazarded. the Fr. Hay, a hedge, (or hay,) in orbem ad
Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 51. ducere; to dance in a
I would plead a little merit, and some hazards of my life plied. Tooke has shown it, the, and that to bare The French have a dance King's service ; but I only think I merit not to starve.
fered by them and neglecting my beneficial studies, for the (See Heydiyyes.) which they call Olivettes, because performed after
Dryden. To the Earl of Rochester,
that the other pronouns had one also. 976
Dryden. l'irgil, Past. 1
Mason. The English Garden, b. ii.
As the pronoun ut (gv.) so he is neuter, as well as to the masculine, and to the
written,) and had, as it had, one uniform meaning, warranting the usages to which it has been ap.
figuram sepies cohoreas figures of a hedge or hay
he has established, a necessary consequence is
And at a stert he was betwix hem two,
Upon the seraph wings of ecstasy,
And pulled out a swerd and cried, ho!
The secrets of the abyss to spy.
No more, up peine of lesing of your hed.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tule, v. 1709.
Where angels tremble while they gaze,
And as he wolde haue passed by,
She cleped hym, nd bad him abide
Clos'd his eyes in endless night.
And he his hors head aside perfectly corresponding with every use of the word
Gray. The Progress of Poetry.
Tho torned, and to hir he rode.--Gower. Con. A. b. i. it in our language. A conjecture, at least, may be admitted, that he may have been formed from
HEAD, v. Goth. Haubith ; A. S. Heafod,
Duryng his reygne there was hedyd & put to dethe by
Head, n. some part of the same word, as their application
hoofod, heafud, heafd; Dut! meer hint xpon xviii
, baronys and knyghtys, ouer ye noble
meu that were slayne in Scotlande by his infortunyte.
Fabyan, an. 1326.
wud. Junius derives from the
Boniface the thyrd of that name bishop of Rome, toke arises from their being restricted grammatically,
vpon hym to be the head bishop of all the worlde, and God's he to words masculine, and it to words neuter.
He'ADLONG. the Ger. Haubt, pars hominis sub- only vycar in earthe.- Bale. Image, pt. i.
limis, from the verb heben, levare, And as for their headinesse, see whether they be not prone,
He'adineSS. ears) peculiar usages of he ;—that it is frequently
erigerc, tollere in altum. Ihre,- | bold and runne headlög vnto al mischief, without pitie & used in all its cases for it.
He'adship. the Sw.Hufwud, from haf, high; compassion or caryng what misery and destruction should hæfwa, to raise on high. Tooke,head is heaved, fall on other men, so they may haue their present pleasure
fulfilled.-Tyndall. Works, p. 290.
Here Mercury with equal shining winges
First touched; and with body headling bette (bent)
To the water thenne took he his descent.
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
Then the earle began to repent him of his headie rashness, was anciently written heved. See Heave.
but it was too late.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p. 35.
Id. p. 11.
From this island, wee set ouer to the other side of the bay,
and went Southwest, and fell with an headland called Foxe And nuste wat folk it was, to hem he sende hys sonde, for the contents of the head ; (sc.) the brains, the
nose, which is from the said island 25 leagues. To wyte, wether he (they] wolde pes, other heo nolde non. powers of the mind, the thoughts; consequen
Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 311. Id. p. 16. tially,
And what is the common welth worth, when the lawe & fro thien he went vnto the courte of Rome,
The chief or principal person or thing, the which is indifferent for all men shall be wilfully and spite-
leader, guider, director, commander; the leading, fully broken of headstrong men,
Sir John Cheke. Hurt of Sedition.
the highest place, the first place, forepart, front, Nor William Duke of Suffolke, who,
Exilde, on seas was met
Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 45. sloughe.
affront or confront) to advance. To gather They have compelled him to lay his hand upon the helme, Thenne Charles, of he [her, the queen) answere amered, head,
for to set all streight and upright againe in security, rejectsaide thus. Id. Ib.
ing in the meane while green headed generals of armies, elo
To gather means to make head; force or power quent oratours also.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 521.
Who, thrusting boldly twixt him and the blow,
The burthen of the deadly brunt did beare
To behead; i. e. to take off, cut off, strike off, Over his head, before the harme came neare.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8.
He was ten thousand foot and a thousand horse strong. ye to be maad fisheris of men.
And anoon thei leften the Headlong; (anciently also written headling ;) and had tive and thirtie tall ships of war, headed with brasen nettis and sueden hym.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 4.
head forwards ; (sc.) without care or caution, pre-pikes before.—Holland. Lirivs, p. 717.
And this is the onely cause why all the statues and images
of him (Pericles] alınost, are made with a helmet on his Head-strong, consequentially, resolute, self-willNe he Theodomas yet half so clere
head ; because the workmen, as it should seem, (and so it is ed, obstinate. At Thebes, whan the citee was in doute.
most likely) were willing to hide the blemish of his deforHeady, heedless, giddy, precipitate; rash, vio- mity. But the Attican Poets did call him Schinocephalos, Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9594.
lent;-acting upon the head, causing giddiness, as much as to say, headed like an onion. For every labour somtime moste han reste,
North. Plutarch, p. 133. Or elles longe may he [it] not endure.
ia. 16. v. 9737. dizziness, stupor.
Head, i. e. chief, principal; is much used- England endured (by God's fust iudgements) many bitter For all reason wolde this,
and heauie stormes through some headinesse, ambition, or That vnto him, whiche the head is prefixed.
other sicknesses of minde in the princes thereof.
Speed. Edw. II. an. 1308. b. ix. c. 11. 9. 1.
And smot hym vpon the hed mid god ernest y now,
Oh, monstrous! Why I'll undertake, with a handful of
R. Gloucester, p. 17. silver, to buy a headful of wit at any time.
Ford. 'Tis Pity She's a Whore, Act i. sc. 2.
Sir George Ascough, with nine of his head-most ships,
Warbi men mow libbe, & al for defaut of heued.
charged through the Dutch fleet, and got the weather-gage Id. p. 101.
of them, and charged them again. Segh he (she] non but they two,
Baker. Charles II, an. 1652.
At Londone of Seyn Poul an heued chyrche gonne rere. But Timias him lightly overhent,
Id. p. 232.
Right as he entring was into the flood,
And strooke at him with force so violent,
That headlesse him into the foord he sent.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 5.
R. Brunne, p. 2.
This would surpass
Common revenge, and interrupt his joy
Id. p. 211.
In our confusion, and our joy upraise
In his disturbance; when his darling sons,
For ich am hefd of lawe
Their frail original, and faded bliss,
Faded so soon.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.
And Jhesus seide to him, foxis han dennes, and briddis of
The monstrous sight
Strook them with horror backward, but far worse
And Jesus said vnto him: the foxes haue holes, and the Urg'd them behind; headlong themselves they threw
Now they began much more to take stomacke and indig.
And he seid to hem, go ye; and thei geden out and wen- nation, in case that after Tarquinius, the kingdome should Ev'n now, she (the Muse] shades thy ev’ning-walk with
not returne to them and their line, but should still run on
heedlyng in to the see; and thei weren dede in the watris. end, and headlangwise fall unto such base varlets.
Holland. Livius, p. 29.
And he said vnto them, go your waies : Then went they Will the ministerial headship inferr any more, then that
out, and departed nto the heerd of swyne. And beholde when the church in a community or a publick capacity Nor fears to tell, that Mortimer is he. the whole heerd of swyne was caried with violence hedlyng should do any act of ministery ecclesiasticall he shall be first
in order ?-Bp. Taylor. Liberty of Prophesying, s. 7. Pope. Epistle to the Earl of Oxford into the sea, and peryshed in the water.—Bible, 1551. 16.
4 k ៨ ៥
Bp. Hall, b. lii. Sat. 1.
I can see no ground, why his (Aristotle's] reason should This kyng was but of mene stature. his other eye lede Then as a snake, benumb'd and fit t' expire,
If laid before the comfortable fire
Begins to stir, and feels her vitals beat
Their healthful motion, at the quick’ning heat:
So my poor Muse.
Brome. Answer to the Epistle to C.C.Esq.
Id. p. 151. We ought, in the choice of a situation, to regard above all passages.-Evelyn. On Forest Trees, c. 26.
Tho ilk fiue sorowes he calles fiue woundes,
things the healthfulness of the place, and the healthfulness
of it for the mind, rather than for the body.-Cowley, Ess. $. That ere not git haled, ne salle be many stoundes. At this good time now, if your lordship were not here,
R. Brunne, p. 7. To awe their violence with your authority,
If men would imitate the early rising of this bird (the
Menye of the bryddes They would play such gambols.
lark), it would conduce much unto their healthfulness.
Puller. Worthies. Bedfordshire.
It seemed a strange thing to Anarcharsis, the Scythian 21
Laertius observes to see the Greeks drink in small cruzes at
And lymes to labore with.
Id. p. 75.
the beginning of their feasts, and in large bowls at the latter That all obedience both to words and deeds
end ; (an order ill imitated by the lavish Healihists of our They quite forgot, and scorn'd all former law.
Zut hit (poverty) is moder of mygth. and of mannes helth.
time) as if they intended not satisfaction, and refreshing of P.
270. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 8.
nature, but wilfull excesse.
Bp. Hall. Christian Moderation, b. i. s. 7.
And yet after all this, sickness leaves in us appetites su
strong, and apprehensions so sensible, and delights to many, even still 't would unavoidably follow, that the self-existent
Then Jesus said vnto the centurion, go thy waye, and as and good things in so great a degree, that a kealthless body
thou beleuest so be it vnto the. And his seruaunt was healed and a sad disease do seldom make men weary of this world, being must needs be intelligent; as shall be proved in my
but still they would fain find an excuse to live.
Bp. Taylor. Holy Dying, c. 3. S. L.
Wiciif. 1 Corynth. c. 12. It (fasting) is the best in many respects, and remains good service in his function.
Haue all the gyftes of healynge ? Bible, 1551. Ib.
such, unless it be altered by the inconveniences or heille Waterland. Works, vol. vi. p. 377.
lesness of the person.-Id. Rule of Cons. b. ii. c. 3. Rule 3 To a nothir grace of heelthis in oo spirit.-Wiclif. Ib.
There is such a certain healthlesness in many things to And Henry Lord Stafford, to shew his compliance with these times, translated two Epistles of Erasmus, wherein
Parde we women conden nothing hele,
all, and in all things to some men and at some times, that was undertaken to be shown the brain-sick headiness of the
Witnesse on Mida; wol ye here the tale.
to supply a need is to bring a danger.
Id. Of Repentance, c. 6. $7. Lutherans.-Strype. Memorials. Queen Mary, an. 1554.
Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6532.
And truely as the bodily meate cannot feed the outward
man, unlesse it be let into a stomacke to be digested, which
And of Achilles for his queint spere, communion of the parts of the catholic church; seeing
is healthsome and sound; no more can the inward man be
For he coude with it bothe hele and dere. single persons are much fitter to maintain correspondence,
fed except his meate be received into his soule, and heart,
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,554. than headless bodies.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 24.
sound and whole in fayth. And songen with o voice, heale and honour
Homilies. Sermon on the Saerament, pt. i. And though St. Peter had been head of the apostles, yet To trouth of womanhede. as it is not certain that he was ever in Rome, so it does not
Id. The Legende of Gode Women, Prol.
So loathly flye that lives on galled wound, appear that he had his headship for Rome's sake, or that he
And scabby festers inwardly unsound, left it there ; but he was made head for his faith, and not Cupides sonn, ensample of goodlihede,
Feeds fatter with that poys'nous carrion, for the dignity of any see.
O swerde of knighthode, sours of gentilnesse,
Than they that haunt the healthy limbs alone.
And healelesse you send as yet gladnesse.
But Vane opposed this with much zeal : he said, would Then, from the steep, shot headlong to the flood.
Id. Troilus, b. v.
they heal the wound that they had given themselves, which
weakened them so much? The setting them at quiet could
have no other effect, but to heal and unite them in that
Gower. Con. A. b. ii.
To trete vpon this lordes hele. times happened, it was separated from the rest, which was
opposition to their authority.-Burnet. Own Time, vol. i. b. i. repacked into another cask, headed up, and filled with good For the covering of houses there are three sorts of slate,
Ah Sylvia! thus in vain you strive
To act a healer's part,
'Twill keep but ling ring pain alive, A reform proposed by an unsupported individual, in the
Alas! and break my heart.- Otway. The Complaiz. Y am he that sche gaf the rynge, presence of heads of houses, public officers, doctors, and proctors, whose peculiar province, it would have been urged, For to be oure tokenynge,
Oh, fool! to think God hates the worthy mind, is to consult for the academic state, would have been deemed
Now heyle hyt for the rode.
The lover and the love of human kind, even more officious and arrogant than a public appeal.
The Erle of Tolous. Ritson, vol. iii. p. 136.
Whose life is heaithful, and whose conscience clear,
Because he wants a thousand pounds a year.
mar all, and make the last errour worse than the first. The headless trunk of Agramant survey'd,
Bale. Image, pt. ii. (What ne'er till then befel) a sudden dread Benumb'd his veins, his shifting colour fled.
The egall frend; no grudge, no strife ;
No charge of rule, nor governaunce
took a great deal of delight in. What slave so passive, what bigot so blind, what enthu
The household of continuance. siast so headlong, what politician so hardened, as to stand
Surrey. The Meanes to attaine Happy Life. up in defence of a system calculated for a curse to mankind. Burke. Vindication of Natural Society.
Their dinners be very short; but their suppers be some
what longer, because that after dinner followeth labour; Both ways deceitful is the wine of Power,
after supper, sleep and natural rest; which they think to be When new, 'tis heady, and, when old, 'tis sour.
of more strength and efficacy to wholesome and healthful
Goth. Hailyan ; A. S.
vertue, and godlynes, not vnto their owne workes, nor yet
And they are suche, as asscrybe al their perfightness, constitution, takes a pleasure in enduring the greatest Heal, n. Heylen; Sw.Hela, sanare,
vnto their owne fullyllyng of the lawe, wherein they must
nedes kurtieage theniselues gyltye and synful: but all He'ALER.
integrare, to make sound together vnto the merites of the healthsome passion of Christ.
Udal. Reuelacion, c. 8.
Skinner, from A. S.Helan,
He [Cæsar] himself made so many iorneyes as he thought frequent showers which fall there.--Anson, Voy. D. iii. c.
Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 271.
Where when she came, she found the faery knight
Departed thence; albee (his woundes wyde
Not throughly heald) unready were to ryde.
Plantaine is a great healer of any sore whatsoever, but and covered by a scar.
principally of such ulcers as bee in the bodies of women, HE'ALTHILY.
And health (Tooke) is the children, and old folke.— Holland. Plinie, b. xxvi. c. 14. HEALTHINESS. third pers. sing. of the To heal, to cover, Sus. Hence in the west, he that covers verb to hele or heal, meaning
a house with slates, is called a healer or hellier. “ That which healeth, or maketh one to be hale
Ray. South and East Country Words. or whole.” To heal,
There Alma, like a virgin queene most bright,
Doth florish in all beautie excellent; sound; to close up, to cure, to recover.
And to her guestes doth bounteous banket dight,
Attempred goodly well for health and for delight.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11.
It was an iland, (hugg'd in Neptune's armes,
As tending it against all forraigne harmes)
And Mona hight: so amiably fayre,
So rich in soyle, so healthfull in her ayre.
Browne. Britannia : Pastorals, b. ii. s. 1.
Pope. Essay on Mar, Ep. 3. In the latter end of the month of July, I find our ach: bishop at his house at Bokesbour, near Canterbury, a pus of retirement, healthfully and pleasantly seated, which is
Strype. Life of Parier, an. 1654
, ness, of that climate and country, exhibits the account of every day's weather, observed by bim for many years 10gether, and so the agreement of it to that temper which we account healthful.-Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 643.
He Charles of Sweden) is of a very vigorous and how many fatigues, and is little curious about his repose.
Burnet. Own Tine, an. 1709. I must now observe that all these advantages were greatly enhanced by the healthiness of its climate. by the arome constant breezes which prevail there, (Tinian] and by the
If by his stripes we are healed, we may surely avoid ces sorious quarrels about the puticular manner in which we
effect is produced. --Cogan. Theol. Disg. pt. ii. 8. 2. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 5. / youth repentance and remorse for the sueceeding part of
Among the innumerable follies by which we lay up in oer our lives, there is scarce any against which warnings are of less efficacy than the neglect of health.-Rambler, No. 18.
Begin the song, and let it sweetly flow,
Armstrong. Of Preserving Health, b. .
Knot. Essays, No. 106.
This Pythagoric regimen, though it be generally reye sented, and even by Jambichus himself, as a superstitios practice, yet, by reason of its healthfulness, he pill have to be a course of physic.-Warburton. Die. Leg. b. ir...
} is the past part.obf the "A.OS:
It is but a little while before we shall all, the strongest
Reuthe hit is to huyre
My good sonne it shall be do ind healthiest amongst us, certainly be convinced that the
Piers Plouhman, p. 261. Now herken and lay an eare to. Gower. Con. A. b. i. best thing we can have done in this world, was to prepare
And we witen that God herith not synful men : but if ony ur souls for a better.-Gilpin, vol. iii. Ser. 3.
And Moses told the children of Israel euen so: but they be a worschipere of God, and doith his wille, he herith him.
herkned not ynto Moses, for anguyshe of sprete and for I will show your Lordships that this pretended healthi
Wiclif. Jon, c. 9.
cruell bondage.--Bible, 1551. Exodus, c. 6. less of the passage from the windward coast is all a fallacy. For we be sure that God heareth not synners. But yf any Bp. Horsley. Speech, July 1799.
Now they are not onely ydle, but also babling tale-tellers man be a worshipper of God and do his wyl, him heareth he.
& curious herkeners.-Udal. Timothye, c. 5.
Bible, 1551, Ib. HEAP, v. A. S. Heap-ian ; Ger. Heaff-en ;
For if ony man is an heerer of the word, and not a doer, Almyghte God that made mankyn, HEAP, 1h. Dut. Hoop-en; from the A. S. this schal be lickened to a man that biholdeth the cheer of
He schilde his servandes out of syn, HE'APY. Heaf-an ; Ger. Heb-en, to heave or his birthe in a myrrour.-Wiclif. James, c. 1.
And maynteyne tham, with might and mayne,
That herkens Ywayne and Gawayne. aise up, (Junius and Wachter.) And treuli thei schulen turne awei the heeryng fro treuthe,
Ritson. Metrical Romances, vol. i. p. 1. To throw up, to lay up, in heaps, or raised and but to fablis thei schulen turne.-Id. 2 Timothy, c. 4.
Thence, forth she past into his dreadfull den, levated masses; to accumulate, to pile. And with that word we riden forth our way;
Where nought but darksome dreriness she found,
Ne creature saw, but harkned now and then
Some little whispering and soft groning sound.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 7. Now is not that of God a ful fayre grace, That swiche a lewed mannes wit shall pace
And yet he geueth almesse,
A prince when wrong'd should not vile traitours wooe, The wisdom of an hepe of lered men?
And fasteth ofte, an hereth messe.--Gower. Con. A. b. i. But when entreated (hearkning to their cares)
Is (if he graunt of grace that they may live)
Milde if he doe forgive, just not to give.
Stirling. Domes-day. The sixth Houre. hole world. -Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 100.
persuaded, meued, or to delectation induced.
Sir T. Elyot. The Governoor, b. i. c. 13. Cle. Yes, why thou art a stranger, it seemes, to his best And so all these gentylmen strangers with them of the untry assembled togyder, and dyd sette on these people We may note heere, that a preacher may speake by heare
trick, yet He has imployd a fellow this halfe yere, all over ler they might fynde thē, and slewe and hanged them say; as St. Paul doth here. I speake unto you since I came
England, to harken him out a dumbe woman. on trees by heapes. into this country by hearesay. For I heard say that there
B. Jonson. The Silent Woman, Act i. sc. 2. Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 183. were some homely theeves, soine pickers in this worshipful
Sur. Must I needs cheat my selfe,
With that same foolish vice of honestie ?
Come let us goe, and harken out the rogues.
Id. The Alchymist, Act v. sc. 5. thou an heaper of sinnes vpo sinnes.-Udal. Luke, c. 23. As farre as France, I heare a bird so sing,
But here she comes ; I fairly step aside
And hearken, if I may, her business.-Milton. Comus. A daughter of the Titans which did make
Shakespeare. 2 Pt. Henry IV. Act v. sc. 5. Warre against Heven, and heaped hils on hight
Being by custom captivated and enslaved to sin, they are Hence it is, that I now render my selfe gratefull, and am Co scale the skyes and put Jove from his right.
resolved beforehand not to hearken to any thing, that will Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 7.
studious to justifie the bounty of your act: to w ch, though oblige them to forsake their accustomed vices.
Clarke, vol. viii. Ser. 8. l'he lists were closed fast, to barre the rout
wherein poetry, and the professors of it, heare so ill, on all From rudely pressing on the middle center; sides, there will a reason be lookt for in the subject.
We should contemplate with care every dispensation of Thish in great heapes them circled all about,
B. Jonson. The Fox, Dedication. providence, that may warn us against so fatal a mistake, Saytiug how fortune would resolve that dangerous dout.
Id. Id. b. v. c. 5.
hearken diligently to the voice, which God hath appointed countrey, as I doe; which, if they continue, I shall be the andius has gone yet much farther; labouring to heap up first shall leave 'hem.-Id. Masques. Love restored.
that every thing on earth shall cry aloud to us : Arise ye, the scandal that was possible against this council.
and depart: for this is not your rest. --Secker, vol. v. Ser. 3. Nelson. Life of Bull.
It is enough that I in silence sit,
HEARSE, v. 1 Hearse, in Tooke's opinion, have seen two volumes in folio, written with his own Nor strive with you in ready straines of wit, id (Cranmer,) containing upon all the heads of religion, a Nor move my hearers with so true delight.
HEARSE, n. t heap both of places of scripture, and quotations out of
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. s. 3. verb Hyrstan, ornare, phalerare, decorare. At ient fathers, and later doctours and schoolmen.
It hath been anciently held, and observed, that the sense present only applied toBurnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1534.
of hearing, and the kinds of musick, have most operation “ An ornamented carriage for a corpse," formerly, Thyr. With heapy fires our cheerft arth is crown'd; upon manners: as to incourage men, and make them war
as Minshew says, a monument or emptie tombe vind firs for torches in the woods abound.
like; to make them soft and effeminate; to make them Dryden. Virgil, Past. 7. grave; to make them light; to make them gentle and erected or set up at the moneth's or yeere's end,
inclin'd to pity, &c. The cause is, for that the sense of for the honourable memorie of the dead. Cock There'er the weaker banks opprest retreat,
hearing striketh the spirits more immediately than the other eram and Bullokar call it, a burial coffin, covered nd sink beneath the heapy waters' weight, senses.-Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 114.
with black. To hearse,
To lay, to bury, in a hearse; generally, to bury.
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. iii. Adowne I fel, whan I saw the herse, he whole performance is not so much a regular fabrick, In a word, the apostles' preaching was therefore mighty
Dead as a stone.
Chaucer. How Pilie is dead. keap of shining materials thrown together by accident, and successful, because plain, natural, and familiar, and by ch strikes rather with the solemn magnificence of a stu
What should I more hereof reherse
Comen within, come see her herse,
Where ye shall see the piteous sight
That euer yet was shewed to knight.-Id. Dreame. 1 the text to God does particularly signify, to trust and
their heads.--South, vol. v. Ser. 11. upon his providence for our life and support, in oppo
For whome, Phrahartes made a royal herse, & dyd exeis of relying on treasures of our own heaping up, or large personal sight, hearing, or the report of any other of his quies after the maner of Prynces. our own and senses, that the whole matter of a dissolved body passes
Goldyng. Justine, fol. 149. Sherlock, vol. i. Dis. 29. successively into other living bodies ?-Id. vol. iv. Ser. 6.
- Oh, answer me,
Let me not burst in ignorance; but tell The verb to hear (differing He (Thomas) would not (it seems) take a miracle upon Why thy canoniz'd bones hearsed in death, from the noun ear, only in the hearsay, nor resolve his creed into report, nor in a word see Haue burst their cerements. --Shakes. Hamlet, Act i. sc.4.
with any eyes but his own.-Id. vol. v. Ser. 4. aspirate) is, in the Goth. Haus
I would my daughter were dead at my foot, and the iewels jan; A. S. Hyr-an; Ger. Horen; The eye is not that which sees; it is only the organ by in her eare; would she were hearst at my foote, and the t. Hoor-en; Sw. Hoera ; fr. Ouir ; Sp. Oyr ; organ by which we hear; and so of the rest
which we see. The ear is not that which hears; but the duckets in her coffin.-Id. Merchant of Venice, Act iii. sc. 1. Udire; Lat. Audire. See Ear.
Reid. On the Intellectual, Ess. 2. c. 1. The house is hers'd about with a black wood, To have or receive feelings or sensations by the
Which nods with many a heavy headed tree : But Oronthea; with a mother's love, ; to feel or be sensible of sounds;
Each flower's a pregnant poison, try'd and good. conse- Reply'd, and every hearer's mind to move,
Crashaw. Steps to the Temple. intially, to use the ear, to hearken, to listen, Such reasons urg'd, that most, with one consent, attend to sounds made, to what is spoken. Their suffrage yielded for the queen's content.
When she with flowres lord Arnold's grave shall strew,
Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xx. And hears why Hugo's life was thrown away,
She on that rival's hearse will drop a few;
Which merits all that April gives to May. vely, to hear a good or ill character of them. hearsay evidence, or an account of what persons deceased
Davenant, Gondibert, b. i. c. 5. ves, to have a good or bad character, to be well have declared in their life-time.
And some flowers, and some bays, ill spoken of.
Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iii. c. 23. For thy herse, to strow the ways,
Sent thee from the banks of Came, hym he wende hastelyche, and by the wey ywys
HE ARKEN, v. 1 See Hark. A. S. Heorcnian; Devoted to thy virtuous name. le hurde angles synge an hey by the lyste thys : HE'ARKENER. Dut. Harcken, horcken, aus
Milton. Epistle on the Marchioness of Winchester.
Or were you enamoured on his copper rings?
His saffron jewell, with the toadstone in't?
Or his imbroydered sute, with the cope-stitch,
Made of a herse-cloth ?-B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 5. Ful litel wote Arcite of his felaw, Atbelstan herd say of ther mykelle oste, That was soʻneigh to herken of his saw,
Yet, even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's le & Edmunde his brother dight tham to that coste. For in the bush he sitteth now ful still.
harpe, you shall heare as many herselyke ayres as carols. R. Brunne, p. 31. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1528.
Bacon. Es. On Adversitis.
JEAR, v. He'ARER. Tearing, n. TE'ARSAY.
Secker, vol. ii. Ser. 17,
Oh! might I paint him in Miltonian verse,
I haue told thee often, and I retell thee againe, and againe, Where, after all the heart-burnings and blood-sledding
Christ, but in the hearts of good men: the hearts of merciful
believers, who from principle, in obedience to and for the
love of Christ, as well as from sympathy, lal-our for peace,
go about doing good, consulting, without local prejudice, the There was an herse after the fashion of Spain, with black, To tyrannous Hate.
Id. Ib. Act iii. sc. 3.
happiness of men, and instead of contining their good ofices and a goodly mass of requiem; the chapel wherein he was
Gov. Down with him low enough, there let him murmur, to a small part, endeavour to pour oil into the wounds of enterred hung with black, with a banner of arms, and coat
suffering human nature. ---Knox. Antipolemas, Pref.
And see his diet be so light and little, of arms, all in gold; a target and an helmet, and many escutcheons, and a fair herse-cloth of black, and a cross of He grow not thus high hearted on't.
I may be unable to lend an helping hand to those who
Beaum. & Fletch. The Island Princess, Act ii. crimson velvet down to the ground.
direct the state : but I should be ashamed to make myself Strype. Memorials. Q. Mary, an. 1554. Ye gentle ladies, in whose soveraine powre
one of the noisy multitude to halloo and hearlen them into Worth may be hears'd but Envy cannot die.
Love hath the glory of his kingdome left,
doubtful and dangerous courses.
Burke. Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol
Scarce had the tortur'd ear dejected heard at Leeds; but as the herse passed by Harwood, the carriage
Rome's loud anathema, but heartless, dead
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 8. broke, the coffin was dainaged, and the dream happily ful
To every purpose, men nor wish'd to live,
Nor dar'd to die. Shenstone. The Ruined Abbey.
The labourer and mechanic chant over their daily tail: HEART, v. Goth. Hairto; A. S. Heorte;
Millon. Samson Agonistes. and though they pause only to wipe the sweat from off their
brow, return to their work, after a short but hearty meal; Heart, n. Ger. Herz; Dut. Hert; Sw. Till, seeing them through suffrance hartned more,
or sweet slumbers on a bed of straw, not only without a
murmur, but with alacrity.
Knor. Christian Philosophy, 8. 59.
But, it may be, you have doubts about religion: and HEARTLESSNESS. horra, or huera,) movere, to So seeme the murmuring waves tell in mine eare,
therefore you do not set heartily to practise it: seek for HE'ARTEDNESS. move; (to hurry :) on ac- That guiltlesse bloud was never spilled there.
information properly then, and hearken to it fairly. HE'ARTY. count of the perpetual motion
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. i. s. 1. HE'ARTILY.
Deign to receive the nation's public voice,
Of heartiness unfeign'd, who gleeful stand
In meet array, and thus express their joys
In peals of loud acclaim, and mirth's confused noise. et Francos. (See Wachter in vv. Herz, and Horen,
Thompson. Epithalamium on the Royal N aptials. I wont to raunge amid the mazie thicket, agere.) Junius tells us,—some think that heart And gather nuttes to make my Christmas-game,
HEARTH. A. S. Heorthe, heorth-pening.And ioyed oft to chace the trembling pricket, is derived from herd, i. e. hard, durus, because we
Or hunt the hartlesse hare till she were tame. owe the duration of life to the continued motion of
Hertha, or Herthus, i. e. Terra, Earth, was For the heart. Wachter remarks, that the Gr. Htop, Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. December. shipped as a goddess by our northern ancestors
, and the A. S. Heorte, are by metathesis inter- bear a part with us in this just blame : who have yeelded her, her name was given not only to the place.com
How many worthy Christians are there in the world who (see Tacitus, de Moribus Ger.) and in honour of changeable. Heart, the noun, is applied to- over themselves to a disconsolate heartlessnesse, and sad
which the family fire was kindled, but to the The seat or source of the passions, feelings, dejection of spirit.—Bp. Hall. Christ Mystical, pt. i. $ 10.
whole house. The Roman Lar was used in a thoughts, affections; to these themselves; to the If euer man for heartie loue
See Junius and Wachter, in being in whom they exist; to the vital part ;
Descrued honest meede, vitality, life, spirit,
Erickmon might beleeue himselfe
vv. Hearth and Herthe ;) and also Spelman, (in courage, strength; to the
To be belou'd indeede. central, or chief, or principal part; the seat or
Warner. Albion's England, b. vii. c. 36. source of good and ill. To heart, or hearten, is
The place or spot upon which the fire was Where leisurely doffing a hat worth a tester, To encourage, to animate, to invigorate;
kindled; now, under and immediately before the to He bade me most hearlily welcome to Chester. give or add life, spirit, courage, strength.
Cotton. Voyage to Ireland, c. 2.
grate or stove in which the fire is kindled. Hearted,-seated, deeply fixed, stored, treasured An authority enabling princes to put them to death who
He (Jehudi] cut the boke in pieces with a penne kryte in the heart. are accused of accidental and consecutive blasphemy and
and cast it into ye fire upõ the hearth, untyll the boke wa Heart is much used-prefixed. idelatry respectively, which yet they hate and disavow, with
all brente in the fyse upon the hearth. much zeal and heartiness of perswasion. Kyng Locryne's herte was al clene vp hire y went,
Bp. Taylor. Liberty of Prophesying, s. 20.
So blyth and bonny now the lads and lasses are,
That ever as anon the bag-pipe up doth blow,
Cast in a gallant round about the hearth they go,
For me if e'er I had least spark at all
Of that which they poetic fire do call,
Here I confess it fetched from his hearth;
Which is gone out, now he is gone to earth.
Master.—Bp. Taylor, pt. ii. Ser. 5.
Cromwell having acquainted the king with his danger,
venue of the henrih-money is very grievous to the people. protesting to , not in power to undertake
therefore willing to agree either a of it, or to O generació of vipers, how can you say well, when ye your selues are euel ? For of the aboūdaunce of ye hert, the his real service, and desiring the Lord to deal with him and
convenient.--Parl. Hist. William & Mary, an. 1688-9. mouth speaketh.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
his according to the sincerity of his heart towards the king, For many a man so hard is of herte,
prepared himself to act his part at the general rendezvous.
Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p.
Nothing exposes men more to the wrath and vengeance
of God, nor provokes him more to leave a people to their Id. The Nonnes Prestes Tale, v. 14,914. crisie do.-Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 4.
own counsels, than false heartedness in religion and hypo-hearth his mean repast with the same hand, which had 69 Ey maister, welcome be ye by Seint John, Thus hearten'd well, and flesh'd upon his prey
the triumphal laurel to the Capitol. Sayde this wif, how fare ye hertily? Id. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7383.
The youth may prove a man another day. For nowe a daie is many one,
Dryden. Prologue to Circe, 1675. HEAT, v. Which speketh of Peter and of John,
Can you live without any sense or feeling that you have Heat, n. And thynketh Judas in his herte.-Gower. Con. A. b. i.
need of communion with God? and satisfy yourselves, if He'ATER. Lo what might any man
now and then you put up a few cold, formal, heartless
Нот. More hertely loue in any stede,
Though the saving of our souls be the great business of Than Media to Jason dede ?
Id. Ib. b.v.
life, and what, it is to be hoped, we have most of us a real He [Cæsar] him selfe goeth to the reste, and hartened must, I am afraid, be owned, that there is too little mention theym that they shoulde not faynt in their trauell.
made of it, even when it might be proper; and too general Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 235.
a silence and reserve about it. To whom (although he were a childe) he gaue both plea
Waterland. Works, vol. viii. p. 420. passions. saunt and faire wordes, with hartie thankes, and many gra
Now let no man think that he has prayed heartily against
Hall. Hen. VI. an. 10. his utmost diligence, nay, his best art and skill, to under-
mine and weaken his inclination to that sin.
Upon the prince's (of Orange) coming, the king, in a very longe to continue to the pleasure of God.
Nephew, it is not good for
erthe.-R. Gloucester, p. 520. Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1426.
man to be alone, I will give you a help meet for you.” And And this speaking did fertherinore also declare the lustie
so he told him he would bestow his niece on him, and the freashnes & hertinesse of spirit in him.-Udal. Luke, c. 7.
duke, (of York) with a seeming heartiness, gave his consent
Bible, 1551. Jeremye. c.
Drayton. Pole-Olbion, s. 91.
Mr. R. B. In Memory of Dr. Dones. W. R. His Majesty having been informed that the Ter
In the mean time to gratify the people the heartk-lax T3 remitted for ever.--Evelyn. Memoirs, March 8, 1659.
Let us imagine that we behold a great dictator giving audience to the Samnite ambassadors, and preparing on ike often subdued the enemies of the Commonwealth, and Large
Bolingbruke. Reflections spor Erik.
. Heet-en ; Ger. Heitzen ; Sv. Hetta, calefacere. See the quotation from Locke; and see
To cause the sensation of heat ; to warm; to cause ardour, or fervour; to enkindle, to animate, to agitate, with warm or burning feelings or
Heat, the noun, is also applied toAny continued violent effort or exertion; as a
South, vol. vi. Ser. 10. droughthe in Engelond, that fro the ferst day of Marche
This yere (A. xxxvi. H. III) was a gret Aple and anon to the Assumpcion of our Lady non rayne fella ei
For with that one, encreased all my feare,
Chaucer. The Assemblie of Fowia.