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of its sting, and bring about a glorious resurrection, 1, faith he, have the keys of hell and death, Rev. i, 18. Death goes through the world as a mighty conqueror, whom none is able to resift; the grave follows, and none can keep back its prey, nor caufe it to give it up again. But the Mediator hath an effectual check upon them both. They are not ab. Solute potentates, as mighty as they are: there is one above them, to whose orders they must precisely Itick. Death may indeed enter in within the boundaries of the covenant, and carry off the covenant people as well as others : but at the border it mult drop its fing, and enter without it; for the power of death is now in Chrift's hand, and he will not suffer it to enter there with it. And the time cometh, wherein he will say to the grave, Give up; and then the bars thereof will be broken asunder, the gates thereof Hy open, and it will deliver up to him its lodgers: for he is intrusted as Administrator of the covenant, with full power over death and the grave.
9. Lastly, The eternal consummate happiness of the covenant is in his hand, whereby to render the fouls of his people happy immediately after death, and then foul and body together happy at the laft day: for all power in heaven is given him. The Father hath made him the great repufitory of eternal life, the fountain from whence it shall Itream forth to al the heirs of life: and the difpenfing of it is intrufted to him : 1 John v. 11. God hath given to us eternal life : and this life is in his Son. John xvi. 2. As thou haft given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. Wherefore his dying people do in faith commit their fouls to him, as Stephen, Acts vii. 59. Saying, Lord Jefus, receive my spirit. And at the latt day he pronounceth the sentence, and folemnly receives them into the kingdom of heaven, Marth. XXV. 24.
And thus Christ is the Truftee of the Covenant.
IL Cbrist the testator of the covenant. In the next place, our Lord Jesus is the teftatorof the covenant, as the Apostle teacheth, Heb. ix. 15, 16, 17. By the conditionary part of the covenant, God had a compensation of the wrong done to his glory by fingers : and by the promissory part, Christ had un searchable riches to communicate unto them, whereby they might be made happy; and being to die in the cause according to his covenant, he timely made his testament, as a deed of conveyance thereof unto them; turning the promissory part of the covenant, respecting lost finners, into a resta. ment in their favour, 1. Cor. xi. 25. This cup is the new teftament in my blood. 7. Hence it appears, that this belongs to the administration of the covenant, committed to hin, for making sinners partakers of the covenant-benefits; yea, and that it is the first and foundamental act of that his administration, laid as a foundation of all the other acts thereof, which are but so many means of executing the testament. Upon the Mediator's undertaking to fulfil the condition of the covenant, the Father made to him a disposition of the covenant. benefits contained in the promissory part : and the benefits so difponed, were actually delivered over into his hand, as the appointed Trustee of the covenant, as we have already seen. Now, he having them all thus in his hand, hath made a disposition of them to poor finners, by way of teftament, Luke xxii. 29. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me. Or, And I dispone to you, as my Father disponed unto me, a kingdom. The word here used, signifies to dispone; and hath in it the notion of a federal or covenant disposition, and a testamentary disposition too. Of the former fort, was the disposition made by the Father to Christ, namely, a federal disposition ; as being made on a
most onerous caule, a condition properly so called, to wit, bis making his foul an offering for lip: and it can by no means be a testamentary disposition, since where a testament is, there must also of necesity be the death of the teftator, Heb ix. 16.; the which it is evident, could have no place in the case of the Father. Of the latter fort is the disposition made by Jesus Christ to sinners, namely, a testamentary difpofition, which, of its own nature, is a deed or conveyance of grace and liberality, without condi., tions properly so called; and forasmuch as sinners were under an utter disability to perform conditions properly so called; it was therefore necessary fof their behoof, to make it a testamentary difpofition or testament.
For clearing of the nature of this testament, which is of so great importance for all to know, who have any concern for their salvation, we mall consider, 1. The making thereof; 2. The legates; 3. The executor ; and, 4. The legacies.
First, As to the making of Christ's teftament, it is first of all to be observed, that though the covenant was indeed from eternity, the testament was not fo. For Christ made his testament as Administrator of the covenant; which administration he did not enter upon but in time. He was from eternity the trustee of the covenant, which grand trust was a necessary prerequisite of his administration : yet forasmuch as his commencing Teslator of the covenant, was an act of his administration thereof, there could be no place for it until there was place for administering the covenant, which there was not, till once the covenant of works was broken. And hereto best agreeth the nature of a testament, which is not simply a will, but a will declared, testified, and lige nified by word or writ, or some one or other exter. nal lign pleadable by the legatees in order to their obtaining of the legacies bequeathed.
Christ's testament, which for substance is but one, is yet twofold, in respect of different circumstances wherewith it hath been vested; namely, the old or first testament, and the new testament, 2 Cor iii. 14. Heb. ix. 15
Chrift's old testament is the declaration of the last will of our dying Savjour, touching his un searchable riches, confirmed by Ilain facrifices of divine institution, sealed with the seals of circumcision and the passover and enduring in the church till the fulness of time, and the manifestation of himself to Ifrael in the fleth, Heb. ix. 20. Rom. iv. 11. 1 Cor. v. 7. Luke xvi. 16 This his teftament was originally made by word of mouth; which kind of testament is called a nuncupative testament: but it was afterwards committed to writting; so that there was not only a word of the testament to be heard, but a book, of the testament to be read, by the legatees, Heb. ix. 16. 20. And so we have it a written teftament, in that part of the holy Scripture called by the name of the Old Testament.
Chrift's new teftament is the declaration of the fame last will of our dying Saviour, touching his unsearchable riches, confirmed by his own death on the cross, sealed with the seals of baptism and the Lord's fupper, and to continue for evermore, 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25. Matth. xxviii. 19, Heb. vii. 12, 16, 17. This also was originally made by word of mouth, in the time of his public ministry, wherein he declared his will anent the great falvation which, as the Apostle observes, at first began to be spoken by the Lord, Heb ii. 3. And it was in-like manner afterwards committed to writing: and we have it too à written testament, in that part of the holy Scripture called by the name of the New Testament.
If we look for the original date of Christ's old or first testament, 'we find his testament to be of a date 25 early as the nature of the thing could bear; being
made in paradise, on the day of Adam's fall, in the cool of the day, Gen. iii. 8. otherwise called the time berween the two evenings, Exod. xii. 6. that is, be tween three and six o'clock in the afternoon. Ad the which time, our Lord Jesus did, in the promise of the feed of the woman to bruise the head of the fer. pent, which should bruise his heel, Gen. iii. 15. fig nify his death, and declare his will for the benefits of his purchase their accruing to finners thereby. And that day I judge to have been the fixth day of the creation, the same day wherein man was create ed; reckoning that the scripture teacheth, that Adam lodged not one night in honour, as fome do, agreeable to the original, read Psalm xlix. 12. They who cannot think that the events recorded from Gen. ï 7, to the end of the third chapter, were crouded within the compass of one day, may weigh therewith the events relating to the death of Christ, which are re corded Luke xxii. 66. to the end, Chap. xxiii, 1.33. John xix. 1. Matth. xxvii. 27, 28. John xix. 2, 5, 9.-15. Matth. xxvii. 24. All which things were done in the space of half a day : for Christ was crucified about twelve of the clock, Luke x. ii. 44,-46.
Some, through an unwillingness to think of their death, do put off the making of their testaments un to a death-bed: but so very willing was Christ, the fecond Adam, to die for us, that he fet his house in order, and so prepared himself for death, that very day wherein the first Adam fell. The business of the great King, and the business of the ruined world of mankind, required haste. The whole fabric of the world was by Adam's fall fo unhinged, that it was hastening to a total diffolution, and mankind about to perish in the ruins; till the second Adam went in, and bore up the pillars thereof, in virtue of his death to establish the earth again, Ila xlix. 8. Wherefore in paradise he made his testament in a few words,