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man-redeemer, who having married our nature to the divine nature in himself, redeemed the mortgaged inheritance with his own blood, gave himself a ransom for us, to deliver us from our spiritual bondage, and by his death destroyed him that had the power of death : Rom. iii, 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood. Chap. v. II. Our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement. The comfort for a wounded conscience, fick with the guilt of sin, lies here. This is that office of Christ to which the convinced finner, standing trembling before the juft Judge of the world, lifts his eyes, and nakes his recourse for safe. ty; for there, and only there, can one see a ransom, a sighteousness, an atonement. In his prophetical and kingly office, he administrates the covenant; but in his priestly office he performed the condition of it, So it is the foundation of the other two. It was by the sacrifice of himself, that the word and spirit of the covenant, whereby he teacheth finners, were purchased ; and thereby also he obtained his kingdom. And his interceffion is founded upon his oblation. So his priestly office, and that confidered particularly in point of his offering his sacrifice, doth, as the foundation-stone, bear the weight of the falvation of sinners, and of the honour of God and the Mediator therein. Wherefore, it is not strange, that his investiture with the priestly office was confirmed by the oath of God; a folemnity not used in the case of his prophetical and kingly offices.
And thus far of the making of the covenant.
H E A D III.
Christ the second Adam, are two, to wit, the conditionary part and the promissory part. These comprehend the whole of the covenant, and of them we Tall treat in order.
The first Part of the Covenant, namely, ike CONDI•
and commonly so called, is, That part of
a covenant or bargain, upon the performing of which one's right to the benefit promifed is founded, and his plea for it is stated, as becoming due to him for that his performance, according to and in virtue of the agreement between the parties. This is a fede. ral condition, a covenant condition, or the condition of a covenant; and what all men, in common conversation, understand by the condition of a covenant or bargain. As for instance, The paying of such a fum of money for fuch a commodity, according to the agreement between the parties, is the condition of a covenant of commerce, sale or traffic : the working of such a piece of work, or doing of such a deed, for such a reward agreed upon by the parties, is the condition of a covenant of service and hire.
Besides this, there is also what is called a condition of connexion or order in a covenant; whereby one thing necessarily goes before another, in the order of the covenant, without being the ground upon which one's right and title to that other thing is founded. As in the former instance, The buyer's receiving of the commodity, and the hireling's receiving of the reward, covenanted or bargained for, must needs go before their possession or enjoyment of them; but it is evident, that that receiving is not the thing upon which the buyer's right and title to the com. modity, or the hireling's right and title to the reward is founded : therefore, though it may be called a condition of connexion in the respective covepants, yet it cannot, in any propriety of speech, be called the condition of them.
Now, to apply these things to our purpose: In the order of the covenant of grace, forasmuch as the having of the Spirit must go before faith, faith before justification, justification before sanctification, holiness before heaven's happiness; there may be called conditions in the covenant of grace, to wit, conditions of certain connexion : and this belongs to the established order of the promises of the covenant, which are contradistinguished to the condition of the covenant. Howbeit such conditions can in no proper sense be called the condition or conditions of the co. venant of grace, more than the buyer's receiving of the commodity can be called the condition of the covenant or bargain of fale. But the condition of the covenant of grace, properly so called, is, Christ in the form of a bond servant, as laft Adam, Representative, Kinsman-redeenier, Surety, and Priest, his fulfilling all righteousness owing, in virtue of the broken covenant of works, unto God by his spiritual seed: Mat. iii. 15. Thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness.
For clearing of this purpose, I Mall (1.) Evince this to be the condition of the covenant ; (2.) Explain and unfold that righteousness, the fulfilling whereof was made the condition of the covenant.
First, To evince that this is the condition of the covenant of grace, consider,
1. Christ's fulfilling all righteousness as the second Adam, is what the Father proposed unto him, as the terms on which his feed should be saved, and upon which he founded his promise of eternal life to be given them; and not any work or deed of theirs : Ifa. Jiii. 10. When thou shalt make his foul an offering for fin, he mall see his feed. Ver. 11. He shall see of the travel of his foul and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge Mall my RIGHTEOUS SERVANT justify many: for he shall BEAR their iniquities. Luke xxii. 20. This cup is the new testament in MY BLOOD, which is shed for you. And the same is that which Christ as the second Adam did from eternity confent unto, undertake, and bind himself for; and which he did in time, according to agreement, perform Thus he himself represents it, Matth. iii. 15. Thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness; namely, as it becometh a person of honour and credit to fulfil his bargain, Luke xxiv. 26. Ought not Christ to have suffered these things ? 'to wit, as one ought to perform the condition of a covenant or bargain he has agreed to.
2. This is the only ground of a sinner's right and title to eternal life; and upon nothing else can he safely found his plea before the Lord for life and falvation : Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace. Philip. iii
. 8. 9. That I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine own righteousness--but--the righteousness which is of God by faith. Surely, upon the condition of the covenant fulfilled, one may found his plea before the Lord for the benefits promised in the covenant: but no man may found his plea before the Lord for these on any work or deed of his own whatsoever, no not on faith itself; but only on Christ's fulfilling all righteousness; therefore no work nor deed of ours whatsoever, no not faith itself, can be the con. dition of the covenant of grace properly so called : but only Christ's fulfilling all righteousness. The fin. ner standing in the court of conscience, trembling be. fore the Lord, Ajes in under the covert of that righ, teousness fulfilled by the mediator, and dare oppole nothing but it to the condemning sentence of the law, giving up with all other pleas for life and falvation. Believing in Christ is the pleading upon that ground, not the ground of the finners plea: it faith, Aly Lord and my God in the promise, upon the
ground of Christ's fulfilling all righteousness allenarly, às the condition of the covenant. If any will make it the ground of their plea, they must needs produce it as a work of a law, that is, as a deed done by them, whereby they have fulfilled and answered a law, and thereupon they crave the benefit promised : the which will, according to fcripture, be found a dangerous adventure, Rom. iii. 20. Gal. ii. 16.and v.4.
3. It is by this, and this alone, the salvation of Sinners becomes a debt: therefore this alone is the condition of the covenant. For the reward is of debt to him, and him only, who fulfils the condition of a covenant; to him that worketh, not to him that worketh not, but believeth, Rom. iv. 4. 5. And fo it is of debt to Christ alone, not to us: and therefore it was he that fulfiled the condition of the covenant ; we fulfil no part of it. This is confirmed from the primitive situation of mankind with reference to e ternal life, in the first Adam's covenant, duly con. sidered. The condition thereof was perfect active obedience. And, according to the nature of that covenant, if this obedience had been fulfilled by Adam, eternal life to him and his would hereupon have become a debt to him. And the plea of his posterity for life, in that case, would not have been founded on their personal obedience coming after that fulfilment; since it would not have been the performance of the condition, but the fruit of the promise, of the covenant; but it would have been founded on that performance of Adam their representative ; forasmuch as, in the case supposed, it would have been the only obedience whereby the condition of that covenant was fulfiled: and so they would have obtained life, not for any personal work or deed of theirs, but for the obedience of the first Adam their reprefentative, to which God did graciously make the promise of life, in the first covenant. Faith and obedience are benefits promised in