Of a Liberal Education in General, Časť 1

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J. W. Parker, 1850 - 382 strán (strany)
 

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And Greek and Latin Grammar
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31 Geometry cannot be superseded
31
Value of Geometry
32
Arithmetic to be learnt
33
Conic Sections 35 Mechanics and Hydrostatics
34
Newtons Principia
36
Astronomy
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Optics 39 The Higher Mathematics are Progressive Studies Sect 5 Of Analytical Mathematics as an Educational Study
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5 Mechanics
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Meaning of Analysis 41 Merits of Analysis
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Analysis compared with Geometry
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Is not an exercise of the Reason
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Does not exemplify the usual kind of reasoning
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Does not depend on the matter reasoned
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Exemplified in Proportion
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In Trigonometry
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In Conic Sections
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In Statics 50 In Dynamics 51 In Astronomy
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523 As the Mathematical element
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Analysis evades difficulties
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Standard Geometrical Demonstrations to be used
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With Questions
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Latin long the language of literature 98 As an accomplishment
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Is lost in Analysis 64 Hence the educational value is lost 65 Geometrical Mathematicians solve problems better 66 Recapitulation Sect 6 Of Progressiv...
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And Problems
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Geometry necessary as introductory to Analysis
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And Mathematical in particular
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List of such subjects
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But Analysis does not supersede Geometry
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Division of Mathematical writings
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Capital Works to be studied
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List of them restricted
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Original Investigations not to be required 76 To be admitted in practical problems 77 Systematic Treatises to be read 78 Elementary Treatises 79 Not ...
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Of Classical Educational Studies Permanent and Progressive
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Writing Latin verse
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100 Writing Greek prose
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And Greek verse
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Of the Value of Permanent Studies
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Objections urged against Permanent Studies 105 They do not narrow the mind
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On account of their excellence
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Though read with Commentators
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Are such like the Aristotelian Commentators?
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The memory is to be used in cultivating the reason
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Schoolboy ridicule of cramming
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Common ridicule of technicalities
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Rules to be learnt before reasons
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Value of new methods of teaching
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Old methods to be respected
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Mathematics and Classics both necessary
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And usefully
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Chapter II
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Of Mr LyeUs Remarks on the English Univer sities
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They occur in his Travels in America 129 Ascribed to me opinions opposite to what I have expressed
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Pretending to seek my views
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Our College system agrees with Mr Lyells Pro
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He does not condemn our peculiarities 133 He condemns me for recommending respect
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What will Mr Lyell do with unwilling students?
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Lectures will not secure attention
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Hence Examinations instituted
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Mr Lyells confusion about a critical spirit
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Mode of teaching the Philosophy of Science
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How do men learn to think for themselves?
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Progressive Sciences may be introduced at Cam bridge
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Is the College System new in our Universities?
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It is as old as the Reformation
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It is established by the Statutes
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Is it desirable to have only a few College Tutors 1
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Examinations are means of teaching 148 May be separated from Lectures
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But are then not a good Education
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Examinations and Lectures must agree
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College Examinations
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Difference of Examinations and Lectures may occur
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Examinations will then govern all
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And Private Tutors will be sought
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Classics and Mathematics to be read
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OF THE METHOD OF TEACHING IN CLASSICS AND MATHEMATICS
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System in 1772 Moderators notices
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Disputations
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Compliments of Moderators
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Examinations of Questionists
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Subjects
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Problems
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Hours
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Examination by Fathers of Colleges
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Junior Optimes
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Proctors Senior Optimes
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Medallists
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The Polloi
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Advantages of the Disputations
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Causes of Change
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Annual Examination Syndicate of 1773
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Graces of 1779 Arrangements of Classes
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The Law better than the present practice
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Grace of 1792 for the better attendance of Schools
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Grace of 1808 A day added to the Examination
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Books then current in the University
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Introduction of Analysis
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Inconvenient result
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Tendency to innovate
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Inconveniences felt
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Grace of 1827 New Plan of Examination
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Grace of 1828 The Polloi
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Graces of 1831 1832 Further alterations
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Graces of 1836 1837 Alterations for the Polloi
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Grace of 1838 Alterations for the Honours 224 Grace of 1840 Syndicate reappointed
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Tendency of the changes Classes abolished
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Reason of this
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Time extended for Examinees 228 And for Examiners
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Time added to Questions from Books
229
Knowledge of Principles aimed
230
Want of Standard Books
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Resulting evils
232
The Remedies 234 A Standard Course of Study
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To be drawn up by a Board?
235
Subjects not to be treated analytically Conic Sections
236
Mechanics Dr Woods
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Dr Whewells Mechanics
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Oscillations
239
Newtons Principia
16
Analysis ill understood disgusts students
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Faculties which Analysis cultivates
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Hence Analysis worthless as discipline
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The Great Classical Schools
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Logarithms
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By means of Syndicates
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Necessity of Latin as a Permanent Study 87 And of Greek
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Latin and Greek as Progressive Studies
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Progressive cannot supersede Permanent Studies
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Latin more necessary than Greek
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May translations supersede Latin and Greek?
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Do Translations perplex Examinations?
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Translations are valuable in Literature
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Capital works in Classical Literature
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Cannot be superseded by private teaching
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Writing Latin to be practised
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Of College Lectures and Professorial Lectures 110
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First of Classical Teaching 120 Teaching at School
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College Lectures
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Their difference from Professorial Lectures
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Previous knowledge required
123
Difference of students capacity
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Size of Classes
125
Professorial Lectures necessary
126
Their advantages and disadvantages
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The First Three Sections
131
Hydrostatics 243 Optics 244 Astronomy 245 Differential Calculus
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Examinations viva voce to be restored 247 The possibility of this 248 The character which they should have 249 They must be vigorous 250 Paper ...
137
Examination for Higher Honours 254 Answers to be published 255 Reason why Cambridge should improve Exami nations
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