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Phædrus, Manilius if, as conjectured, of the Augustan age, Paterculus, Quintus Curtius, whose period of existence, however, is not accurately fixed, Pliny the elder, Silius Italicus, Martial and Statius. A considerable portion of the productions of these writers is extant. Nepos and Phædrus are unrivalled in elegance and simplicity. Curtius is spirited and interesting. Pliny has amassed information of the most varied kind, both curious and interesting. Silius, though occasionally elegant and accurate in description, is tame and nerveless. Statius, bold, energetic and frequently sublime, has not yet had justice done him, for, though sometimes tumid, unnatural, and gigantic in his imagery, his Thebaid is upon the whole, a work of considerable genius. In his Sylvœ, of which five books are extant, are many very beautiful and highly pleasing poems.
Of the authors posterior to the age
of Quiutilian and his friends Tacitus and Pliny, little in the way of commendation can be said. The expiring genius of Rome seemed to revive in the writings of Claudian and Boethius, and criticism and biography still preserved their
lustre in the compositions of Aulus Gellius and Suetonius. On the Epitomisers, Florus, , Justin, Eutropius and Victor, being devoid of all claim to originality, it is altogether unnecessary to dwell; history indeed, except in the pages of Marcellinus, seems to have been nearly extinct; a total want of energy and genius characterized Europe at this period, and shortly afterwards Ferocity and Ignorance overturned the ancient temple of the Muses.
Sudden the Goth and Vandal, dreaded names,
Vain end of human strength, of human skill,
pomp, And ease and luxury! O luxury, Bane of elated life, of affluent states, What dreary change, what ruin is not thine? How doth thy bowl intoxicate the mind! To the soft entrance of thy rosy cave How dost thou lure the fortunate and great! Dreadful attraction! while behind thee gapes Th' unfathomable gulph where Ashur lies O'erwhelm'd, forgotten; and high-boasting Cham;
And Elam's haughty pomp; and Beauteous
Greece; And the great queen of earth, Imperial Rome.
I now proceed to marshal the authors of. Rome on the same plan I have adopted with regard to their predecessors of Greece, and I flatter myself these tables, giving at once a direct and clear view of the present state of ancient literature, will prove strongly illustrative of the object of my papers.
Bucolics, Georgics, Æ- Some juvenile pieces. neid,
His poem on the Ruins
His Argonautica and
his poem De Bello
Arte Amandi, De books of the Fasti.
His epic on the Sicilian War and many
Eight books of the Ar-
His entire works.
An heroic poem.
ric poems. Lyric poems.
and Annals in verse. Pacuvius.
Tragedies, Satires. Varius.
Tragedies. Pomponius Secundus
Nineteen Comediès. Six Comedies.
One hundred and two
His Comedies. Sallust.
Bellum Catilinarium, Six books of Roman
books. Servilius Novianus.
His entire works. Bassus Aufidius.
History of the Ger
manic War, Tacitus.
Five books of History, Fourteen books of An
Sixteen of Annals, nals and History.
Fifty - nine Orations, Many Orations, Thir-
ty-two books of Epis-
tles, Oeconomica e one lib. ii. De Ora.
Xenophonte lib. iii.
Protagoras ex Plato-
Auguriis, De Philo-