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Empire of Rome the summary of ancient civilisation

107

How St. Peter and St. Paul dealt with it

110

Reconstruction of society with two forces, the knowledge of

God and of the human soul

110

Sevenfold idea of God: 1. in His Unity; 2. in His Person-

ality; 3. in His Paternity ; 4. as Incarnate; 5. as the Food
of man; 6. as redeeming him; 7. as glorifying his

pre-

sented as a whole to man

111

The existing civilisation a stranger to this idea

116

Every Christian virtue derived from it .

119

How Christianity viewed human morality taken as a mass :

1. In the motive given to it

120

Contrast between Marcus Aurelius and the Gospel. 121

2. In the standard proposed to it

123

3. In the support provided

126

4. In the reward offered

128

How the whole is pervaded by the fact of the Incarnation 131

From the above idea of God springs the distinction between

natural and supernatural good

132

And the virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity.

133

Charity, especially, rooted in the Incarnation .

134

Newness of this virtue to the heathen

136

Moral purity of the Christian grounded on the Incarnation 137

And the love of husband and wife

139

Christian treatment of man as a member of civil society

140

How it applied the doctrine of the Incarnation to slavery 140

Treatment of man in his relation to equals

144

Obligation of truth grounded on the Incarnation

144

Gentleness, mercy, humility, liberality

144

And in particular brotherly love

145

Christian treatment of obedience to civil government

146

Rejection of exclusive patriotism

147

Christian idea of the New Creation.

149

In the individual and in the mass

151

Christian and Heathen Virtue.

153

The gift of Grace

155

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit viewed in Christ as their

Well-head

156

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Cicero and Augustine apart from their genius fair specimens

of Heathenism and of Christianity

216

The revolution wrought by Christianity .

217

Description of it by an eye-witness at the beginning of the

second century

218

Gradual growth of Christians

223

All the progress took its rise from the Individual

224

Process of change in the thoughts and actions of men pro-

duced by Christians

226

1. The Heathen contempt for human life remedied by

the martyrs' abnegation of it.

226

2. The Heathen impurity corrected by the Virgin mar-

tyrs; St. Potamiæna, St. Agnes, St. Afra

229

3. Heathenism with its merely natural end; refutation

of it by Christians preferring a future unseen good

at the cost of their life .

236

4. Inwardness of Christian life and virtue

242

The cardinal virtues completed and transformed by the theo-

logical

244

In all this the Christians imitators of one model, Christ . 246

Action of the Christian society, as constituted in its Sacerdo-

tium, on the world around .

247

Its Unity, Uniformity, and Universality, as derived from Christ

seen in seven attributes

248

1. It rested wholly on the authority of the Sender 251

2. It was a coherent unchangeable system of doctrine . 253

3. It was a government of souls

261

4. Which was yet a ministration

263

5. Its success was connected with suffering

264

6. Its sacrifice was bound up with its teaching and all

these attributes

266

7. It was supported by the example of its members

carrying out its doctrines

266

Summary of what the Christian faith had done in the first
four hundred years

268

The Personality of Man the subject with which the Chris-

tian Faith dealt

272

But it dealt with him also as a Race and a Society . 273

He is himself the most dependent of creatures on others 273

I. The Primary Relation, that between man and woman 273

What it was originally intended to be

274

The first institution of marriage

275

Its seven original attributes

. 277

God herein the founder of human society

II. State of woman in the last years of Augustus. .

279

Her original condition in Greek society

279

Great declension of morals from the time of the Pelo-

ponnesian War

281

Her original condition in Roman society.

282

Deterioration of morals from the second Punic War 283

Condition of woman in Persia .

284

Among the Israelites

284

Condition of woman in the East and South

286

And among the Germans .

286

Divorce followed by re-marriage, adultery on the man's

side, and polygamy, the three great infringements of

marriage

287

Woman considered a minor

288

Her degradation outside of the marriage state .

289

Moral state of the world in consequence

290

Efforts of Augustus to improve it

291

Review of his position and means for restoring the family 293

Moral force of the Greek race

293

Of the Roman people

294

Of the Provinces

295

Of the German tribes

296

Of the Jews scattered over the world, and in Judea. 297

III. The restoration of woman in herself, springing from the

birth of our Lord

297

Restoration of marriage

301

In what the sacrament consists .

302

The theory carried out into fact

304

1. Amid the corrupt Heathen civilisation

305

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