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Malling, Mortlake, and Slyndon. His suc


(1294) Archbishop Winchelsey, Chancellor of Oxford, resided chiefly at Lambeth, Otteford, South Malling, and Croydon; but not so long at this latter as his predecessor.


(1313) Archbishop Reynolds dwelt chiefly at Lambeth, Otteford, Mortlake, and sometimes at Croydon.

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"The Registers of Archbishops Mepeham, Stratford, Ufford *, and Bradwardin being lost, make another irreparable hiatus, and bring me to

* According to Camden, the palace at Maidstone was begun by this Archbishop, and finished by Islip. Bishop Gibson says, "Since the Romans' time it (Maidstone) hath been esteemed a considerable Town in all ages, having had the favour of the Archbishops of Canterbury, who had a palace here, founded (as our Author and some others say) by Archbishop Ufford, who (if so), must certainly be very early in it, he not living after his election much above six months, and never receiving either his Pall or Consecration; insomuch that he is seldom numbered amongst the Archbishops."

Gibson's Translation of Camden's Britannica.

+ Respecting this distinguished Prelate we beg leave to offer a few particulars to our readers. He was born about

"(1349) Archbishop Islip, who does not appear to have resided here at all, but at Lambeth, Mortlake, Maydenstone, and mostly at Maghefeld.

(1366) In the short time that Archbishop Langham enjoyed that See, which was only one year, I find him once at Croydon.


the year 1290; was educated at Merton College, Oxford, and in 1325, was proctor of the University. He was deeply read in the philosophy of Aristotle and Plato, but was particularly renowned for his knowledge in theology and mathematics. Sir Henry Savile, the munificent founder of two professorships in Oxford, had in his possession a large M.S. volume of astronomical tables composed by him. That patron of learning published in the year 1618 a work of the Archbishop, entitled De causa Dei, in refutation of Pelagianism. Bradwardin was Professor of Divinity at Oxford. It is said that whilst attending Edward III. during his wars in France, he frequently preached to the army with such effect that he restrained that spirit of violence which is too often the result of successful enterprise. He was consecrated Archbishop of Avignon in the year 1349, and having died at Lambeth in the course of a few months afterwards, was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. The following mention of him is made by Camden. Wye rolls by Bradwardin Castle, that gave both original and name to the famous Thomas Bradwardin Archbishop of Canterbury, who, for the great variety of his studies, and his admirable proficiency in the most abstruse and hidden parts of learning, was in that age honoured with the title of Doctor profundus." (The profound Doctor.) He was author of


"(1367) Archbishop Witlesey does not appear to have been here: and

(1375) Archbishop Sudbury was here but four times: but his successor

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(1381) Archbishop Courtney soon after his election, came here, and received his Pall with great solemnity in the great hall of his house on the 4th of May, 1382. He resided here a good deal, as did also

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Geometrica Speculativa; Arithmetica Speculativa, both printed at Paris in the year 1512; and of Tractatus Proportionum, printed at Venice in 1505,

* This prelate was the fourth son of Hugh Courtney, Earl of Devonshire, and was born in the year 1341. He was educated at Oxford, and very early in life arrived at large preferment, at the age of twenty-eight he was made Bishop of Hereford, and was afterwards translated to the See of London, where he became a zealous supporter of the authority asserted by Pope Gregory XI, who issued a Bull for taking the reformer Wickliffe into custody, and for examining his opinions. He was cited by Bishop Courtney to appear before him in St. Paul's Cathedral. The Duke of Lancaster encouraged the principles of the reformer, and gave him all possible countenance by appearing with him before the Bishop's tribunal, he even insisted that Wickliffe should sit in the Bishop's presence; the people of London revenged this insult to their prelate by attacking the Duke and Lord Piercy, the Mareschal, who escaped but with difficulty. And when the populace soon

"(1396) Archbishop Arundel, whose arms impaled with those of the See of Canterbury on the North corbell of the room, called the guard-chamber, and by themselves on the south corbell of the same room, seem to shew that he built it.

(1414) Archbishop Chichele, who enjoyed the See twenty-nine years, was very much here.


after had broken into the houses of these noblemen, plundered their property, and threatened their persons, the Bishop of London interposed, and restored order.

Camden, speaking of Maidstone, says; "Archbishop Courtney was a great friend to this town, who built the college here, where he ordered his Esquire, John Boteler to bury him, in the cemetry of this, his collegiate church, and not in the church itself; where yet he has a tomb, and had an epitaph too, which is set down in Weover (Funeral Monuments, p. 285) but this I rather believe to have been his cenotaph; than his real place of burial; it having been customary in old time, for persons of eminent rank and quality to have tombs erected in more places than one."

* James I. King of Scotland, having at the age of nine years been sent by his Father, Robert, from his native country in order to avoid the malice of his Uncle the Duke of Albory, was on his voyage to France, taken by the English; and was detained at Croydon palace, in the custody of Archbishop Arundel. His captivity in England lasted eighteen years.


"In his Register he appointed Adam Pykman and Richard Pykman, custodes capitalis mansi manerii de Croydon' for life. This act is dated from Lambeth, July 7th, 1441.

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(1443) After his decease, Archbishop Stafford made Croydon and Lambeth the chief places of his Residence; and the hall which was either rebuilt or entirely repaired by him, was adorned with his arms and those of his family, and are sufficient evidences of his great affection for this house.

"(1452) Most of the acts of his successor, Archbishop Kemp, who enjoyed that See but two years, are dated from Lambeth and Croydon.

"(1454) His successor, Archbishop Bourchier, held the See thirty-three years, and

* A further proof that Archbishop Stafford (who was also a Cardinal) resided in this palace, occurs in Johnson's " Collection of Ecclesiastical Laws," vol. II. A. D. 1445, where I meet with a letter from Archbishop John Stafford, to Thomas Bourceier. Bishop of Ely, who tells him, "We with the unanimous consent and advice of our brethren in our last convocation, have decreed, ordained, and enacted, that the feast of St. Edward, the Confessor, be celebrated throughout our province of Canterbury, every year, in a solemn manner for the

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