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places from whence all ordinary acts were sped are omitted (which before were always prefixed

tlemen of Kent, all forming a very numerous assemblage. The Queen remained at Dover six days, then she advanced to Sandwich, where, having been handsomely received by the Mayor and Aldermen, she remained three days; and on the following day, which was on the third of September, having dined at Wingham in her way, she reached Canterbury at a little after three o'clock in the afternoon. Her entrance by the Western gate of the Cathedral church, was greeted by one of the scholars of the grammar-school, with a Latin oration; when this was finished, and she had fallen upon her knees, the customary service was performed by the Archbishop, the Bishops of Lincoln and Rochester, and the Suffragan of Dover, on the occasion of heríajesty's arrival; afterwards the Dean, together with the Prebendaries, the Canons, the Ministers, and the Choir of the Cathedrai, and some of the Singers of the chapel, preceded her through the choir to her o:atory, as she followed under a canopy supported by four Knights; having returned from thence after evening prayers, she returned through the city to her palace, which was anciently called the Palace of Augustine. And on Sunday she went again in her coach, through the streets, to the same church. On that day the Dean preached; and when he had concluded, she returned in her coach by the same way to the palace; but on the day following, which was the 7th of September, being invited by the Archbishop, she came to the Archiepiscopal palace with all her retinue. That day was the Queen's birth-day. For in the year of our the 25th year of the reign of her Father, Henry VIII. on the 7th of September, which on that year fell on a Sunday, she was born at Greenwich, forty years before this banquet of the Archbishop, and at the same hour in which she feasted, that

Lord 1533, and

to the dates), except only in commissions for life, or acts of very great consequence;


is to say, between one and two o'clock in the afternoon. In this very sumptuous entertainment, given by the Archbishop, which she solemnized in the very day and hour of her birth, when she had reached her fortieth year, this order was observed. Noblemen only ministered to the Queen; who, after she had washed her hands, advanced to the upper part of the Archbishop's hall, and at the middle of a very spacious table took her seat upon an ancient marble chair, hung with drapery, embroidered with gold, under a most costly, and resplendantly golden royal canopy; then Count Retius, Marshall of France, who a short time before, attended by a hundred gentlemen, had come from the King of France to Canterbury, as Envoy to the Queen, together with the Sieur Motus, the same King's Embassador to her Majesty, sat down at the extremity of the table, on the Queen's right hand, with their faces turned to the Queen, and their backs to the hall, that they might the more conveniently and freely converse; and four illustrious Ladies, the Marchioness of Northampton, the Countess of Oxford, the Countess of Lincoln, and the Countess of Warwick, occupied the other extremity of the table on the Queen's left. The Queen was waited upon by the Squires, called pensioners; the French Envoy and Embas*sador, the Marchioness and the Countesses by the Royal Yeomen of the guard. Two rows of the most delicate dishes, served besides a third, consisting of flesh and fish, were composed of the most choice pastry. All the other tables in the hall were filled with guests. At those next to the Queen on the right hand, there sat with the Archbishop the privy Counsellors, together with certain illustrious Ladies and Gentlemen; and among them principally those who had accompanied Count Retius from France; on the left sat Noblemen


for which reason I must have recourse to the best historians for the remaining account of this house.

"The following Bishops were consecrated in the Chapel at Croydon, viz.

and Ladies of high rank. At the more remote tables were seated the Mayor of Canterbury, with the Elders of the city, and Ladies and Gentlemen of the county of Kent. And all those were waited upon during the whole entertainment, by the domestic servants of the Archbishop.

In the mean time, when many spectators had entered, and had almost filled up the middle space of the Hall, the Queen desired that they might be removed, and that they should retire to the sides of the Hall, that she might behold the full length of it, and the guests seated at all the tables. When the banquet was over, and all the company had risen as the tables were removed, the Queen held a private conversation at the long table, with Retius, the Envoy, and the Sieur Motus, the French Embassador, whilst in the interim, the Nobles danced to instruments of music; and a short time after, the Queen ascended by a private passage into the Archbishop's. gallery; there with the above-named Envoy she continued her conference till near night; she then sent for the Archbishop, and expressed to him the pleasure she had received, and her acknowledgment of the respect shewn her in the Entertainment of that day; and having taken leave, she returned in her coach to her palace.

De Antiquitate Britannica Ecclesia, Edit.
Drake, pp. 553, 554, 555.

“August 2, 1579. This Archbishop being assisted by John, Elmer, London; John, Young, Rochester; consecrated John Woolston, Bishop of Exeter*.


September, 18, 1580. He being assisted as before, consecrated John Watson D. D. Bishop of Winchester, and William Overton, Bishop of Litchfield and Coventryf.

September 3, 1581. With the same assistants he consecrated John Bullingham, D. D. Bishop of Glocester +.

"(1583) Archbishop Whitgift had a great affection for this town, and resided very much in this house, which in his Register is first called Palatium, on the 9th July, 1599, in the act of the dedication of the Chapel of his noble Hospital.

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(1604) I have found no acts of Archbishop Bancroft dated from Croydon.

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"(1610) Archbishop Abbott resided a good deal in this Palace. In the year 1617, this Archbishop being at Croydon the day the book of Sports was ordered to be read in the churches, he flatly forbade it to be read there, which King James was pleased to wink at, notwithstanding the daily endeavours that were used to irritate the King against him*.

* Complete History of England, vol. ii. p. 709. Strype's Life of Grindal.

and was

Archbishop Abbot was the son of a weaver, born at Guildford, in Surrey. He was sent to the grammar-school there, and from thence to Balio! college Oxford, where he became a Fellow. He was afterwards master of University college. In the year 1599, he became Dean of Winchester, and in the following year was Vice-chancellor of Oxford, He was one of the divines employed in the present translation of the Bible. He was successively Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, of London, and Archbishop of Canterbury. Upon some occasions he was a courageous opponent of the Court, of which the circumstance above mentioned, affords an instance. A melancholy accident occurred to him in the latter part of his life. When at the residence of Lord Loach, as he was amusing himself in the Park with a cross bow, he unfortunately, shot the keeper instead of the deer; a commission was in consequence appointed, to examine whether this event should disqualify him for exercising the functions of Primate; the king, who was to determine the matter, decided in the negative. The Archbishop was so much afflicted by the sad occurrence, that during the remainder of his life he observed a monthly fast on Tuesday, the day on which it happened; he

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