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all the difference I can find between these two, which I suppose were built at the same time; the East side being probably designed for the Archbishop's constant attendants, and the West for strangers who came here casually. The form of these two buildings, the make of the doors and windows, the very little ones next the church-yard, in short, the whole taken together, sufficiently denote the antiquity, and incline me to think that these two sides are the oldest brick buildings in the Palace, and that they were built some time in the beginning of the reign of Henry the sixth.

"I come now to the Hall, which has been greatly improved by his present Grace*. The porch thereof appears to be much older than the hall itself, from the make of the arches of the doors, which are of the old mitred, or pointed sort.

"At the upper end of the hall are the arms of King Edward the Confessor, impaled with those of France and England.

"The arms of Archbishop Stafford are placed at the East end, in the most conspicu

* Archbishop Herring.

ous part, and the same arms joined to those of the See of Canterbury, are placed on the South side.

"There are also on the North East, and South sides of this hall, those of Humphry Stafford, Earl of Stafford, father to the Archbishop. These arms incline me to think that this hall was built by Archbishop Stafford, in the room of the old one, which might be too small for him; if so, this hall cannot be older than the time of King Henry the Sixth. In the middle there was, not a long time since, a fire-place, and over it a lanthorn, as in some of the old colleges of the Universities.

"The Buttery and Kitchen adjoining to it, appear to me, by the make of the windows, and the form of the building, not older than the time of King Richard II. By whom they were built I have not been able to discover.

The next great room to be taken notice of, is the Guard-chamber, probably built by Archbishop Arundel, whose arms appear upon the North corbell, joining to those of the See of Canterbury, and also by themselves, upon the South corbell of the same room; where are likewise to be seen, in the window, the arms of Archbishops Cranmer, Parker, Laud, Juxon,

and Sheldon, who very likely repaired this room and the palace from time to time. I therefore think this guard-chamber was built in the reign of King Henry IV. or the begining of that of King Henry V. at the latest.

"I come now to the Dining Room; and shall consider that, the adjoining apartments, the rooms, and the offices underneath, as being one body of building. The Dining Room is of brick; the ceilings of some of the rooms underneath, are of wood, and very low; the windows below stairs but small; and though they are not of the same make as those of the East and West sides of the great court, yet I take this building to be near as old, and to have been built some time in the reign of King Henry VI. It hath been so frequently repaired and altered by the several Archbishops of this See, that there are at present, few or no marks left to ascertain the time when it was first erected.

"The long gallery was rebuilt by Archbishop Wake.-As to the Chapel, there were formerly two, if not three, in this palace, In the Register I meet with some ordinations in the principal chapel, and some in the chapel of the manor of Croydon; and in the time of Archbishop Courtney, I find one ordination in the private

chapel, towards the garden, lately built by him.. The present chapel stands so conveniently, that I presume it is situated where the principal one. formerly was. Who built it I know not; but it was certainly beautified and improved by the Archbishops Laud and Juxon, whose arms are placed in several parts of it.

When this palace is viewed from the churchyard, there appears upon it a cross at one end, and the cross keys at the other, in the brick work; but I do not know the meaning of those marks; perhaps the cross was designed to denote the relation of this place to the See of Canterbury; and the cross keys to shew the power of the church, in binding and loosing the members thereof *.

"I must not omit the gateway and porter's Lodge, which I take to be no older than the time of King Henry VII. at least the gateway does in my opinion greatly resemble the gateways of that age.


Archbishop Herring expended above £6000, in repairing and beautifying the Palaces and

* The cross is the symbol of Christianity; the keys of St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, and the Rock on which Christianity is founded.

Gardens of Croydon and Lambeth. He died of a decline on the 13th of March 1757, in the 63d year of his age, and was buried in a privaiz manner in Croydon Church, as he had desired in his will. His executor was sued for dilapidations, although the Archbishop had laid out so much money in ornaments, and substantial repairs; the suit, however was not concluded in the life time of Archbishop Hutton, and Archbishop Secker recovered the dilapidations amounting to £1564 4 11.

In the time of Archbishop Herring, the ancient alms, commonly called the Dole, regularly given at Lambeth, was distributed at the gate of Croydon Palace. This Dole was given to thirty poor persons, three times a week, to ten persons at a time, each receiving upwards of two pounds weight of beef, a pitcher of broth, a half quartern loaf, and two pence in money.

Dr. Hutton was Archbishop of Canterbury but a few months, and never resided at Lambeth; the only public act he did there, was the consecration of Dr. Terrick, Bishop of Peterborough. In the summer of 1757 he resided at Croydon, and it would seem that he intended to live occasionally at that palace, for in his will he desired to be buried either at Lambeth or at Croydon. This prelate was the lineal

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