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chapel, towards the garden, lately built by him. The present chapel stands so conveniently, that I presume it is situated where the principal one formerly was. Who built it I know not; but it was certainly beautified and improved by the Archbishops Laud and Juxon, whose arms are placed in several parts of it.
When this palace is viewed from the churchyard, there appears upon it a cross at one end, and the cross keys at the other, in the brick work; but I do not know the meaning of those marks; perhaps the cross was designed to denote the relation of this place to the See of Canterbury; and the cross keys to shew the power of the church, in binding and loosing the members thereof *.
"I must not omit the gateway and porter's Lodge, which I take to be no older than the time of King Henry VII. at least the gateway does in my opinion greatly resemble the gateways of that age."
Archbishop Herring expended above £6000, in repairing and beautifying the Palaces and
*The cross is the symbol of Christianity; the keys of St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, and the Rock on which Christianity is founded.
Gardens of Croydon and Lambeth. He died of a decline on the 13th of March 1757, in the 63d year of his age, and was buried in a privaiz manner in Croydon Church, as he had desired in his will. His executor was sued for dilapidations, although the Archbishop had laid out so much money in ornaments, and substantial repairs; the suit, however was not concluded in the life time of Archbishop Hutton, and Archbishop Secker recovered the dilapidations amounting to £1564 4 11.
In the time of Archbishop Herring, the ancient alms, commonly called the Dole, regularly given at Lambeth, was distributed at the gate of Croydon Palace. This Dole was given to thirty poor persons, three times a week, to ten persons at a time, each receiving upwards of two pounds weight of beef, a pitcher of broth, a half quartern loaf, and two pence in money.
Dr. Hutton was Archbishop of Canterbury but a few months, and never resided at Lambeth; the only public act he did there, was the consecration of Dr. Terrick, Bishop of Peterborough. In the summer of 1757 he resided at Croydon, and it would seem that he intended to live occasionally at that palace, for in his will he desired to be buried either at Lambeth or at Croydon. This prelate was the lineal
descendant of Dr. Mathew Hutton, who was born of indigent Parents in Lancashire in the year 1529; and who having become Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, was appointed Lady Margaret's professor of divinity, in the University; and was afterwards successively Dean of York, Bishop of Durham, and Archbishop of York. Dr Hutton, of whom we now speak, was of St. John's College Cambridge; was first, Bishop of Bangor, then, Archbishop of York, and lastly, Archbishop of Canterbury, April 20, 1757. On Thursday, March 16, 1758, he was at St Lawrence church with the governors of the London Hospital, and went from thence to the House of Lords, where he was also on the Friday; he was taken ill on the Saturday with an inflamation in his bowels, and died the next night at his house, in Dukestreet, Westminster. His body was deposited in Lambeth church, in a vault, at a short distance from the communion-table, which vault had originally been made for the lady of Archbishop Wake, who was afterwards removed to Croydon; in it Mrs. Potter also had lain some time, till she was likewise carried to Croydon, where both these ladies were placed near the remains of their respective husbands.
Upon a handsome monument, erected by his two daughters in the church of Lambeth, is the following Epitaph :
Infra conduntur Reliquiæ
MATTHÆI HUTTON, S. T. P.
Et MARIÆ, uxoris ejus, quæ obiit 13 Maii, A. D. 1779, Etatis suæ 86.
Duabus relictus filiis, quæ pietatis ergo monumentum hos utrique parenti posuerunt, A. D. 1781,
Beneath are deposited the Remains of
Bishop of Bangor, A. D. 1743. Afterwards,
And of MARY, his Wife, who died
On the 13th of May, A. D. 1779, in the
Leaving two daughters, who, in filial piety have raised this Monument to the memory of their parents,
A. D. 1781,
As neither of the Archbishops Secker or Cornwallis resided at Croydon, this Palace fell very much to decay; and in the year 1780, an act of parliament was obtained, "For vesting in trustees the capital messuage, with the appurtenances, at Croydon, in the County of Surrey, known by the name of the Palace of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and two closes
near thereto adjoining, in trust, to sell the same; and for disposing of and applying the money to arise thereby, and received on account of the dilapidations thereof, and other money, in the manner and for the purposes therein mentioned."
It is stated in the preamble of the act, I. That the Palace was in so low and unwholesome a situation, and in many respects so incommodious and unfit to be the habitation of an Arch, bishop of Canterbury, that few of the Archbishops had of late years been able to reside there, and the same was then unfit to be their habitation. 2. That there then stood on the books of the South Sea Company £5402 3 3 old South Sea annuities, in the names of Frederick, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, and Richard Maurice Jones, Gent. deceased, in trust for the See, as stock which had been formerly purchased with money allowed by the commissioners for building Westminster bridge as a compensation to the Archbishop of Canterbury and his successors, for the loss they sustained by destroying the horse-ferry from Lambeth to Mill-bank, the dividends whereof, amounting to £162 1 2, had been received by the Archbishops of Canterbury for their own use and benefit. 3. That there was also standng in the name of the Archbishop £1564 4 11